Wednesday, 18 November 2015

November 18, 2015

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Tommy-Joe Coffey, Warren Moon, Darren Flutie, and Patty Werbicki!

110 years ago
1905


Europeana
Prince Carl of Denmark became King Haakon VII of Norway.

100 years ago
1915


Born on this date
Ken Burkhart. U.S. baseball pitcher and umpire. Mr. Burkhart played with the St. Louis Cardinals (1945-1948) and Cincinnati Reds (1948-1949), compiling a record of 27-20 with an earned run average of 3.84 in 148 games. His best season was his first, when he was 18-8 with a 2.90 ERA. A sore arm shortened Mr. Burkhart's playing career, but he remained in professional baseball as an umpire, beginning in the minors in 1952. Mr. Burkhart was an umpire in the National League from 1957-1973; he worked in the World Series of 1962, 1964, and 1970. He was crew chief of the umpiring staff for the 1970 World Series, and it was a blown call in the first game for which he was best remembered. Mr. Burkhart collided with Baltimore Orioles' catcher Ellie Hendricks on a play at home plate, and ended up with his back to the play. Mr. Hendricks tagged Cincinnati Reds' runner Bernie Carbo with his empty glove while holding the ball in his other hand, but Mr. Carbo, who missed the plate with his slide, was called out. Mr. Carbo accidentally touched the plate on his way back to argue the call. The Orioles, who fell behind 3-0 early in the game, won 4-3, and went on to win the Series 4 games to 1. Mr. Burkhart died on December 29, 2004 at the age of 89.

75 years ago
1940


At the movies
Phantom of Chinatown, starring Keye Luke as Mr. Wong in the last movie of the Mr. Wong series, opened in theatres.

War
German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler and Italian Foreign Minister Count Galeazzo Ciano met to discuss Italian Duce Benito Mussolini's disastrous Italian invasion of Greece. Mr. Mussolini stated that "Greeks hate Italy as no other people," and that Italy "will break Greece's back." Italy admitted bombing Bitolj (Monastir), Yugoslavia by mistake on November 5, and agreed to pay indemnity for the 19 people killed and 33 wounded.

Diplomacy
Authorities in London and Washington denied an announcement by Japan that the U.K. and U.S.A. had reached a secret pact with Thailand.

Defense
The U.S. Navy announced that the U.K. and U.S.A. had agreed upon the exact sites for American air and naval bases in Newfoundland, Bermuda, Bahamas, Jamaica, Antigua, St. Lucia, and British Guiana, traded to the U.S. in September in exchange for destroyers.

Politics and government
Rep. Martin Dies (Democrat--Texas), Chairman of the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities, announced in Chicago that his agents had raided the offices of "Italian and German organizations" in Chicago, New York, and other cities, seizing their files.

Economics and finance
The U.K. government of Prime Minister Winston Churchill orderd British holders of 140 major U.S. stocks and bonds issues to sell them to the Treasury at once in order to help pay for war orders in the United States.

Labour
John L. Lewis told the Congress of Industrial Organizations convention in Atlantic City that he would resign as president.

The U.S. Supreme Court unanimously ruled that federal courts had no power to grant injuctions against picketingin labour disputes.

Football
NCAA
Cornell University, whose football team had defeated Dartmouth 7-3 two days earlier on a touchdown in the final seconds, refused to accept the victory after it was learned that the referee had erred in giving the Big Red an extra down on the drive that produced the winning touchdown. Cornell believed that it would be dishonourable to accept such a victory, and the record ever since has shown the Indians as winners by a 3-0 score.

70 years ago
1945


War
British troops occupied Semarang in central Java.

Politics and government
In an election that was boycotted by the opposition, National Union Party, led by Prime Minister Antonio de Oliveira Salazar, won the national elections in Portugal.

Religion
Argentina's Roman Catholic bishops issued a pastoral letter urging all Catholics to vote, but not to support parties advocating religious discrimination.

Defense
Allied headquarters in Tokyo ordered Japan to abolish all aviation personnel training; dissolve all civil airlines; and dismantle airports throughout the nation.

Crime
Upon his arrival in Washington, poet Ezra Pound denied that he had "betrayed his country," and was turned over to the Justice Department. Mr. Pound, an expatriate American, ahd made radio broadcasts in Italy during World War II in support of the Italian Fascist regime of Duce Benito Mussolini and against the United States. He was arrested by American authorities, and spent six months in a detention camp in Pisa before being returned to the United States, where he was charged with treason a week after his arrival.

Economics and finance
The British House of Lords approved the Bretton Woods monetary stabilization agreement.

Swiss major banks and the Swiss Foreign Office denied charges of collaboration with the Nazis and defended the Bundesrat's refusal to recognize the rights of Allied control over German property in Switzerland.

U.S. Office of Price Administration Administrator Chester Bowles announced price ceilings for 1946 model passenger cars which, on average, were higher than January 1942 levels. A Ford model which sold at $850 in 1942 now had a ceiling of $882.

60 years ago
1955


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Hernando's Hideaway--The Johnston Brothers (2nd week at #1)

50 years ago
1965


Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Veronica Vamosi!

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Get Off My Cloud--The Rolling Stones (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Henry A. Wallace, 77
. 33rd Vice President of the United States of America, 1941-1945. Mr. Wallace served as U.S. Secretary of Agriculture under President Franklin D. Roosevelt from 1933-1940 before accepting the nomintation as Vice-President. He was suspected of being too liberal and friendly toward the U.S.S.R., and was replaced as Mr. Roosevelt's vice-presidential nominee in the 1944 election campaign by Harry Truman. Mr. Wallace remained in the cabinet as Secretary of Commerce from 1945-1946 until he was fired by President Harry Truman over disagreements of policy toward the Soviet Union. Mr. Wallace was the presidential candidate of the Progressive Party in 1948, but his campaign was supported by, and largely taken over by, pro-Communist forces, and Mr. Wallace finished in fourth place, attracting 2.4% of the vote and winning no electoral votes.

Music
The single Children's Christmas Song/Twinkle Twinkle Little Me by the Supremes was released on Motown Records.

40 years ago
1975


Yellowknifiana
It was Greaser Day as part of Spirit Week at Sir John Franklin Territorial High School, featuring a sock hop in the gym during lunch hour.

Africana
The Spanish parliament voted to withdraw forces from Spanish Sahara and end Spanish rule of the disputed territory by February 28, 1976.

Politics and government
The United States Senate confirmed Donald Rumsfeld as Secretary of Defense, replacing James Schlesinger, who had been dismissed two weeks earlier by President Gerald Ford.

Scandal
A United States Senate committee revealed that the Federal Bureau of Investigation had used electronic bugs in an extensive illegal campaign of surveillance on Negro civil rights leader Martin Luther King in the 1960s.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Take on Me--A-Ha (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Koi ni Ochite: Fall in Love--Akiko Kobayashi (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Part-Time Lover--Stevie Wonder (4th week at #1)

Terrorism
Five of the Palestinians involved in the October hijacking of the Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro were convicted on weapons charges. They faced a future trial for the hijacking and for the murder of an American passenger.

Diplomacy
The deputy commissioner of the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service recommended that the two border agents who had forcibly returned Soviet seaman Miroslav Medved to the freighter Marshal Konev on October 24 after twice attemtping to escape be demoted and temporarily suspended without pay.

Football
NFL
New York Giants (7-4) 21 @ Washington (6-5) 23
53,371 fans at Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium saw the career of Redskin quarterback Joe Theismann end when he was hit by Lawrence Taylor of the Giants and suffered a gruesomely broken leg.

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): To Sir, with Love--Ngaire (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): I've Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: I've Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat (3rd week at #1)

Diplomacy
Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev met with Pope John Paul II at the Vatican and then signed a Soviet-Italian friendship treaty in Rome with Italian Premier Giulio Andreotti.

U.S. President George Bush met with German Chancellor Helmut Kohl in Berlin.

Football
CFL
Eastern Final
Toronto 17 @ Winnipeg 20

Western Final
Edmonton 43 @ Calgary 23

The Blue Bombers marched 54 yards in the final minute, enabling Trevor Kennerd to kick a 32-yard field goal on the last play of regulation time to send them to the Grey Cup. It was the fourth field goal of the game for Mr. Kennerd, who kicked his first 3 in the first half. Winnipeg led 9-3 at halftime as Mr. Kennerd’s field goals offset a field goal by Toronto’s Lance Chomyc. John Congemi, who started at quarterback for the Argos in place of injured regulars Matt Dunigan and Rickey Foggie, rushed 1 yard for the game’s first touchdown at 10:36 of the 3rd quarter; Mr. Chomyc converted to give the Argos a 10-9 lead heading into the 4th quarter. Winnipeg quarterback Tom Burgess completed a 13-yard touchdown pass to Perry Tuttle at 4:23 of the 4th quarter and then passed to Rick House for a 2-point convert to give the Blue Bombers a 17-10 lead. Tom Porras, who had been cut by the Argos earlier in the season and then hastily re-signed before the final, relieved Mr. Congemi and rushed 1 yard for a touchdown at 8:38; Mr. Chomyc’s convert tied the score 17-17. The Winnipeg defense held the Argos to 13 first downs and 180 yards net offense, while the Blue Bombers made 28 first downs and amassed 399 yards net offense. Robert Mimbs of the Blue Bombers led all rushers with 20 carries for 109 yards, while Mike "Pinball" Clemons led the Argos with 36 yards on 9 carries. Mr. Tuttle caught 6 passes for 79 yards, while Darrell K. Smith led the Argos with 5 catches for 72 yards. Mr. Burgess completed 24 of 40 passes for 230 yards; Messrs. Congemi and Porras combined to complete 12 of 22 passes for 160 yards. 29,192 were in attendance at Winnipeg Stadium on a warm, sunny Sunday afternoon.

Tracy Ham completed 22 of 37 passes for 441 yards and 2 touchdowns and rushed 11 times for 110 yards and 2 touchdowns as the Eskimos scored 30 points in the 2nd half to ruin the Stampeders’ first western final at home in 19 years before 31,923 fans at McMahon Stadium. Calgary led 6-3 after the 1st quarter and 9-3 late in the 2nd quarter on 3 field goals by Mark McLoughlin, offsetting a field goal by the Eskimos’ Ray Macoritti. Edmonton finally got the game’s first touchdown on a 29-yard run by Mr. Ham at 11:36, converted by Mr. Macoritti. Mr. McLoughlin kicked a 45-yard field goal at 13:37 to put the Stampeders ahead, but Mr. Macoritti responded with a 37-yard field goal with 23 seconds remaining to give the Eskimos a 13-12 halftime lead. Edmonton head coach Joe Faragalli appeared to outfox Calgary head coach Wally Buono with his halftime adjustments, because the Eskimos’ previously-unseen five-man receiver package led to 24 points in the 3rd quarter to put the game away. Mr. Macoritti’s 42-yard field goal made the score 16-12, and then Mr. Ham passed 11 yards to Michael Soles for a touchdown, converted by Mr. Macoritti, to increase the lead to 23-12. Mr. McLoughlin kicked a 30-yard field goal to cut the lead to 23-15, but Mr. Ham completed a 23-yard pass to former Stampeder Larry Willis for his first touchdown as an Eskimo at 12:24, converted by Mr. Macoritti. A 76-yard bomb from Mr. Ham to Keith Wright set up a 1-yard touchdown rush by Blake Marshall on the final play of the 3rd quarter. Mr. Macoritti’s convert gave the Eskimos an insurmountable 37-15 lead. Calgary finally scored a touchdown in the 4th quarter when Danny Barrett connected with Allen Pitts on a 12-yard score at 7:21; Mr. McLoughlin converted and added a single on the kickoff. Mr. Ham put the final nail in the Calgary coffin with a 6-yard touchdown run at 12:15; the convert failed because of a bad snap. Todd Smith, who had caught just 6 passes in the regular season and 1 in the semi-final, was an unlikely star for the Eskimos, catching 7 passes for 164 yards; Mr. Wright added 130 yards on 4 receptions. Mr. Pitts led the Stampeders with 93 yards on 5 receptions. Mr. Barrett completed just 15 of 38 passes for 188 yards, but wasn’t helped by his receivers. PeeWee Smith and Shawn Beals both dropped passes in the Edmonton end zone in key situations in the first half when the game was still close. Mr. Barrett led the Calgary rushing attack with 43 yards on 4 carries. It turned out to be the last game in an Edmonton uniform for middle linebacker Jeff Braswell, who left early when he broke an ankle. It was also the last CFL game for Calgary middle linebacker Joe Clausi, whose inability to stop the running of Mr. Ham prompted Mr. Buono to acquire Alondra Johnson from the British Columbia Lions in the off-season. The Stampeders were so confident of victory that they made an announcement over the public address system in the 2nd quarter that T-shirts and sweatshirts proclaiming the team as Western Division champions for 1990 were available at the souvenir booths. I bought one on the way out after the game, and was surprised to read an article by Dan Barnes in the next day’s Edmonton Sun where the Stampeders were denying that they had had the shirts made. A merry time was enjoyed by those of us on the James Bell express bus on the way back to Edmonton.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Het is een Nacht... (Levensecht)--Guus Meeuwis & Vagant (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Fantasy--Mariah Carey (8th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Fantasy--Mariah Carey (7th week at #1)
2 Runaway--Janet Jackson
3 Tell Me--Groove Theory
4 Exhale (Shoop Shoop)--Whitney Houston
5 As I Lay Me Down--Sophie B. Hawkins
6 Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V.
7 Kiss from a Rose--Seal
7 Roll to Me--Del Amitri
8 Who Can I Run To?--Xscape
9 Back for Good--Take That
10 Name--Goo Goo Dolls

Singles entering the chart were Exhale (Shoop Shoop); Time by Hootie & the Blowfish (#47); Be My Lover by La Bouche (#79); Wings of the Morning by Capleton (#84); and Gold by the Artist Formerly Known as Prince (Love Symbol) (#86).

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Harold J. Stone, 92
. U.S. actor. Born Harold Jacob Hochstein, Mr. Stone was one of those character actors whose face was more familiar to viewers than his name. He appeared in movies such as The Harder They Fall (1956); The Wrong Man (1956) and Spartacus (1960), but was known mainly for his many appearances on television, especially in crime shows. Perhaps his most memorable performance was in the episode of Alfred Hitchcock Presents titled Lamb to the Slaughter (April 17, 1958), where he played a policeman who unwittingly destroyed the evidence of a murder.

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