Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Will Morrow and Maurice Pratt!
1,650 years ago
Alemanni forces crossed the Rhine River and invaded Gaul. Roman Emperor Valentinian I moved to Paris to command the army and defend the Gallic cities.
260 years ago
Lisbon was totally devastated by an earthquake and tsunami, killing 60,000-90,000 people.
250 years ago
The British Parliament enacted the Stamp Act on the Thirteen Colonies in order to help pay for British military operations in North America.
225 years ago
Edmund Burke published Reflections on the Revolution in France, in which he predicted that the French Revolution would end in disaster.
125 years ago
Hamilton 7 @ Queen's College 4
Queen’s College protested the referee’s decision to call the game with six minutes remaining; the protest was initially upheld, but Hamilton refused to replay the game. The Tigers were eventually recognized as league champions.
100 years ago
Parris Island, South Carolina was officially designated a United States Marine Corps Recruit Depot.
75 years ago
British forces landed at Suda Bay on Crete to aid the Greek resistance to Italy. Conflicting British and Italian communiques indicated that a fierce air battle was in progress in Egypt. Turkish President Ismet Inonu declared that Turkey would remain neutral in the Greco-Italian conflict, following the lead of the U.S.S.R., and would hold fast to her mutual defense treaty with the U.K.
More than 200 Americans left Shanghai aboard the S.S. President Pierce at the request of the U.S. government.
Politics and government
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt charged that "the extreme reactionary and the extreme elements in this country" had formed an "unholy alliance" to elect Republican Party candidate Wendell Willkie as President of the United States on November 5. Mr. Roosevelt also alleged that "something evil is happening in this country" when a full-page Republican advertisement appeared in the Communist Daily Worker. Final figures for Mr. Willkie's personal campaign tour of the United States showed that he had travelled nearly 30,000 miles by train, plane, and automobile; visited 31 states; and made 540 speeches, making it the longest tour to date in U.S. political history.
Ken Overlin (116-18-5) retained his New York State Athletic Commission world middleweight title with a majority 15-round decision over Steve Belloise (31-3-1) at Madison Square Garden in New York.
70 years ago
21 German bankers were arrested in the American occupation zone of Germany for investigation as war criminals.
Australia joined the United Nations. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization conference in Quebec City ended with an appeal that constructive world action be taken to escape "atomic obliteration."
U.S. President Harry Truman directed U.S. Reparations Commission representative Edwin Pauley to go to Japan to work out a reparations program.
Palestine's transportation system was paralyzed by Zionist terrorist activities, which included the sabotaging of railroads at 50 points from Acre to Gaza, and damage to police launches at Jaffa.
Politics and government
The Soviet press agency Tass reported that the U.S.S.R. favoured a four-power control council for Japan, with an American as chairman.
The Dutch government ordered General Hubertus van Mook not to negotiate with rebel leader Sukarno in the Netherlands East Indies.
The U.S. Senate Military Affairs Committee made public a statement by General Dwight Eisenhower favouring the merger of the armed forces into a single government branch.
Economics and finance
The British government of Prime Minister Clement Attlee revealed plans to nationalize the civil aviation and communications industries.
Iraq's top antiquities official, Dr. Naji al Asil, said that archaeologists had discovered evidence that human civilization existed near Ur 8,000 years ago, 2,000 years earlier than previously believed.
Robert E. Burns, 55, author of I am a Fugitive from a Chain Gang, who had been convicted in 1922 for a $5.85 holdup of an Atlanta grocer, surrendered to Georgia Governor Ellis Arnall, and the Georgia parole board commuted his 23-year sentence to time served.
The United Nations education conference opened in London, with 42 nations represented. The U.S.S.R. was not present.
The official North Korean newspaper Rodong Sinmun was first published under the name Chongro.
60 years ago
At the movies
Sincerely Yours, starring Liberace, Joanne Dru, Dorothy Malone, and William Demarest opened in theatres.
Died on this date
Dale Carnegie, 66. U.S. author and educator. Mr. Carnegie, born Dale Carnagey, was best known for creating the Dale Carnegie Course in Effective Speaking and Human Relations in 1912. This blogger is a graduate, and recommends the course for those who want to develop the skill of public speaking. Mr. Carnegie's best-known books were How to Win Friends and Influence People (1936) and How to Stop Worrying and Start Living (1948). He died of Hodgkin's disease and uremia 23 days before his 67th birthday.
The bombing of United Airlines Flight 629 occurred near Longmont, Colorado, killing all 39 passengers and 5 crew members aboard the Douglas DC-6B airliner. The bomb was planted by Jack Graham in the luggage of his mother, who boarded the plane in Denver.
50 years ago
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): El Mundo (Il Mondo)--Jimmy Fontana (4th week at #1)
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Tears--Ken Dodd (4th week at #1)
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 A Lover's Concerto--The Toys (2nd week at #1)
2 Everyone's Gone to the Moon--Jonathan King
3 Are You a Boy or are You a Girl--The Barbarians
4 Yesterday--The Beatles
5 I Knew You When--Billy Joe Royal
6 Positively 4th Street--Bob Dylan
7 Funny Little Butterflies--Patty Duke
8 Treat Her Right--Roy Head and the Traits
9 A Million Tears--Johnny and the Canadians
10 Everybody Loves a Clown--Gary Lewis and the Playboys
Singles entering the chart were Turn! Turn! Turn! (To Everything There is a Season) by the Byrds (#33); Run Baby Run by the Newbeats (#34); May the Bird of Paradise Fly Up Your Nose by "Little" Jimmy Dickens (#35); Move to California by the Staccatos (#36); Chapel in the Moonlight by the Bachelors (#37); Round Every Corner by Petula Clark (#38); Early Morning Rain by Peter, Paul and Mary (#39); and You Really Gotta Hold on Me by Little Caesar and the Consuls (#40).
The album Beach Boys' Party! was released on Capitol Records.
The albums The Supremes at the Copa and Merry Christmas by the Supremes were released on Motown Records.
Ernie Terrell (38-4) retained his World Boxing Association heavyweight title with a unanimous 15-round decision over George Chuvalo (33-10-2) at Maple Leaf Gardens in Toronto.
40 years ago
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Sabato pomeriggio--Claudio Baglioni (11th week at #1)
#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Morning Sky--George Baker Selection
#1 single in the U.K.: I Only Have Eyes for You--Art Garfunkel (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Island Girl--Elton John
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Bad Blood--Neil Sedaka (2nd week at #1)
2 Island Girl--Elton John
3 They Just Can't Stop It (The Games People Play)--The Spinners
4 Lyin' Eyes--The Eagles
5 Miracles--Jefferson Starship
6 Low Rider--War
7 Who Loves You--The Four Seasons
8 Lady Blue--Leon Russell
9 Heat Wave--Linda Ronstadt
10 It Only Takes a Minute--Tavares
Singles entering the chart were Venus and Mars Rock Show by Wings (#84); Part Time Love by Gladys Knight and the Pips (#85); Do You Know Where You’re Going To by Diana Ross (#88); Volare by Al Martino (#92); Bringing it Back by Elvis Presley (#93); This is Your Life by the Commodores (#95); A Lover's Question by Loggins and Messina (#97); Lonely School Year by the Hudson Brothers (#99); and Fire on the Mountain by the Marshall Tucker Band (#100). Do You Know Where You’re Going To was from the movie Mahogany (1975).
Winnipeg's top 30 (CFRW)
1 Bad Blood--Neil Sedaka (2nd week at #1)
2 Who Loves You--The Four Seasons
3 Island Girl--Elton John
4 I'm Sorry/Calypso--John Denver
5 Feelings--Morris Albert
6 Rocky--Austin Roberts
7 Third Rate Romance--Amazing Rhythm Aces
8 What the Hell I Got--Pagliaro
9 The Homecoming--Hagood Hardy
10 Lyin' Eyes--The Eagles
11 I Only Have Eyes for You--Art Garfunkel
12 Wasted Days and Wasted Nights--Freddy Fender
13 Rhinestone Cowboy--Glen Campbell
14 Lady Blue--Leon Russell
15 Tonite is a Wonderful Time to Fall in Love--April Wine
16 Ballroom Blitz--Sweet
17 Ain't No Way to Treat a Lady--Helen Reddy
18 They Just Can't Stop It (The Games People Play)--The Spinners
19 S O S--ABBA
20 Dance with Me--Orleans
21 New Orleans--Stampeders
22 Miracles--Jefferson Starship
23 Sky High--Jigsaw
24 How Sweet it Is (To Be Loved by You)--James Taylor
25 Heat Wave--Linda Ronstadt
26 Low Rider--War
27 Jive Talkin'--The Bee Gees
28 Brazil--The Ritchie Family
29 Long Distance Love--Little Feat
30 Midnight Blue--Melissa Manchester
Toronto (5-10-1) 10 @ Hamilton (5-10-1) 26
Edmonton (12-4) 12 @ British Columbia (6-10) 8
Ian Sunter kicked a 47-yard field goal with 2:26 remaining in the game and a 42-yard FG with 1:05 remaining as the Tiger-Cats defeated the Argonauts at Ivor Wynne Stadium and edged them in the battle for the third and last playoff spot in the Eastern Football Conference. The Argonauts and Tiger-Cats played each other four times in 1975: Toronto won 27-7 on August 13, and Hamilton won 20-11 on September 1. The Argonauts won 27-23 in Toronto on October 25, giving Toronto a 2-1 edge in games, and a 65-50 edge in total points in the three games. To take the last playoff spot, the Tiger-Cats would have to defeat the Argonauts by at least 16 points in the final game. Hamilton took a 17-0 halftime lead on a field goal by Mr. Sunter and touchdowns by Terry Evanshen and Andy Hopkins, both converted by Mr. Sunter. Toronto quarterback Chuck Ealey rushed 25 yards for a touchdown with 2:07 remaining in the 3rd quarter. Zenon Andrusyshyn converted and kicked a 17-yard field goal with 11:16 remaining in the game. Mr. Sunter then kicked a 16-yard field goal with 9:55 remaining to give the Tiger-Cats a 20-10 lead, reducing Toronto's total points lead to 75-70. It was the first CFL game for Toronto special teams player Gerry Dattilio, who had been practicing with the Montreal Alouettes all season before joining the Argonauts.
Dave Cutler kicked 4 field goals to set a CFL regular season record for field goals with 40 as the Eskimos defeated the Lions before 15,736 fans at Empire Stadium in Vancouver to eliminate the Lions from playoff contention. B.C. receiver Brock Aynsley scored the game's only touchdown on a 19-yard pass from Peter Liske in the 3rd quarter. Edmonton split end George McGowan caought 9 passes for 105 yards to finish the season with 98 receptions, breaking the CFL single-season record of 96 set by Terry Evanshen of the Calgary Stampeders in 1967. Roy Bell led the Edmonton ground game with 14 carries for 50 yards, finishing the season with 1,006 yards. Mr. Bell's backfield mate Don Layton carried 5 times for 22 yards in his second and last CFL game. Mike Strickland led the Lions with 77 yards on 18 carries and 38 yards on 5 pass receptions. Mr. Liske completed 19 of 35 passes for 219 yards in the last game of his 12-year professional career, 7 seasons of which were spent in the Canadian Football League.
Saskatchewan (5-3) 17 Manitoba (0-7) 15
San Diego (0-7) 24 @ New York Giants (3-4) 35
30 years ago
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Cheri, Cheri Lady--Modern Talking (4th week at #1)
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Rock Me Amadeus--Falco (3rd week at #1)
Died on this date
Phil Silvers, 74. U.S. actor. A great comic actor with a distinctive (and frequently imitated) voice and personality, Mr. Silvers had small roles in several movies in the 1940s before achieving great success on Broadway in the play Top Banana, one of the biggest hits of the 1951-1952 season, and a show that resulted in Mr. Silvers winning the 1952 Tony Award for best actor in a comedy or musical. Mr. Silvers also starred in the filmed version of Top Banana (1954). Mr. Silvers is best remembered as Sgt. Ernie Bilko in the television comedy series You'll Never Get Rich (later titled The Phil Silvers Show), which ran on CBS from 1955-1959. He won the Emmy Award for best actor in a continuing performance in a series in 1956, and was nominated for best actor in a continuing performance in a comedy series in 1957 and 1959. I may be one of the few people who remembers Mr. Silvers' starring role in the Disney comedy film The Boatniks (1970).
Ottawa (7-9) 10 @ British Columbia (13-3) 17
Roy Dewalt rushed 1 yard for a B.C. touchdown in the 1st quarter and passed 70 yards to Merv Fernandez early in the 3rd quarter as the Lions held on to defeat the Rough Riders and clinch first place in the Western Division for the third straight season. Lui Passaglia converted both touchdowns and added 3 singles. The Lions were leading 15-3 late in the 3rd quarter when Ottawa fullback Jim Reid was stopped at the B.C. 1-yard line on a third-down gamble. Ottawa head coach Joe Moss was so furious at referee Lorne Woods and the rest of the officials that he ran onto the field to protest and was penalized (and subsequently fined $2,000). With the score 16-3, the Rough Riders finally got a touchdown when J.C. Watts completed a 4-yard pass to Mark Barousse with 3:01 remaining in the game. Dean Dorsey, who had kicked a 43-yard field goal in the 2nd quarter, converted to make the score 16-10. Mr. Passaglia’s last single came on a missed field goal with 41 seconds remaining after the Rough Riders had turned the ball over. The loss eliminated Ottawa from contention for first place in the Eastern Division. Attendance at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver was 38,661.
25 years ago
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I Useta Lover--The Saw Doctors (7th week at #1)
Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney announced the creation of the Citizens’ Forum on Canada’s Future, a national commission to hold televised town meetings across the country to allow ordinary Canadians to speak out on issues concerning national unity. Keith Spicer resigned as chairman of the Canadian Radio-Television and Telecommunications Commission to head the panel, although he admitted "there is a very high potential for fiasco." The announcement of the commission was greeted with skepticism in Quebec.
British Deputy Prime Minister Sir Geoffrey Howe resigned because of his disagreement with Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher’s policies toward Europe and her opposition to a single European currency.
20 years ago
Bosnia peace talks opened in Dayton, Ohio.
10 years ago
Died on this date
Skitch Henderson, 87. U.S. musician. Lyle Russel Henderson served as music director for various NBC radio and television programs, most notably Tonight in the 1950s and '60s. He founded the New York Pops Orchestra in 1983 and conducted it until his death.
Images of snowshoes now on Flickr - Snowshoes distribute a person’s weight over snow, enabling one to walk without sinking too deeply. Traditional snowshoes are made with wooden frames and le...
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