Friday, 27 November 2015

November 27, 2015

200 years ago

The Constitution of the Kingdom of Poland was adopted.

130 years ago

Died on this date
Wandering Spirit, 40; Round the Sky; Bad Arrow; Miserable Man; Iron Body, Little Bear; Crooked Leg; Man Without Blood
. Canadian criminals. Wandering Spirit, a Cree Indian chief, and five of his accomplices in the April 2 massacre of white settlers at Frog Lake, Northwest Territories (in what is now Saskatchewan), along with two Stoney Indians convicted of murder, were hanged at Battleford. In his statement, Wandering Spirit blamed the Canadian Pacific Railway as the main cause of his peoples' sufferings, because the railway had brought many settlers to the region. It was the largest mass execution in Canadian history, and the last public execution in Canada.

75 years ago

Died on this date
Nicolae Iorga, 69
. Prime Minister of Romania, 1931-1932. Mr. Iorga co-founded the Democratic Nationalist Party. He supported King Carol II and opposed the fascist Iron Guard, and was one of 64 of the arrested king's aides and other political dissidents executed by the Iron Guard in Jihlava military prison in Bucharest in reprisal for the killing of hundreds of Iron Guardists killed during the last years of King Carol's regime.

Jean Chiappe, 62. French civil servant and diplomat. Mr. Chiappe was director of the Sûreté générale in the 1920 and Préfet de police in the 1930s before being recalled in 1934. He was appointed France's High Commissioner in the Levant in the fall of 1940, and was killed when the plane taking him to Beirut was shot down by mistake by Italian planes taking part in the Battle of Taranto. Also killed were pilot Henri Guillaumet, 38, the other crew members, and the leader of the cabinet.

The British Royal Navy claimed victory over the Italian Regia Marina in the Battle of Cape Spartivento in the Mediterranean Sea. Greek reports claimed a steady advance against the southern Albanian bases of Argyrokastron and Tepeleni. The Australian Naval Ministry reported that two British freighters had been sunk in the Indian Ocean by a German surface raider during the last five days.

U.S. Navy Secretary Frank Knox announced that President Franklin D. Roosevelt had allocated $50 million for construction of eight U.S. air and naval bases from Newfoundland to Trinidad on sited leased from the U.K.

The Uruguayan Chamber of Deputies voted 53-21 to approve an arrangment with the United States regarding construction of naval and air bases for mutual Western Hemisphere defense.

William Allen White, chairman of the Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies, received the fourth annual award of the National Association of Accredited Publicity Directors, Inc. for outstanding service in publicity.

Politics and government
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed Dr. Jose Miguel Gallardo as Governor of Puerto Rico.

The U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities made public a "Red Paper" containing 281 instances in which violence to overthrow capitalism was advocated by Communist groups.

Economics and finance
The United States Treasury called on the 12 Federal Reserve banks for $107 million of Treasury deposits to replenish cash in the general fund.

The U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee voted to defer consideration of legislation for financial aid to the United Kingdom until the next session of Congress.

American Telephone & Telegraph annunced the largest single "private placement" deal ever negotiated: the sale to 14 insurance companies of $140 million of 2.75% debentures due in 30 years. The money was to pay for plant expansion.

University of Michigan halfback Tom Harmon was named the nation's outstanding college football player for 1940 in a national poll of sportswriters and broadcasters.

70 years ago

Patrick J. Hurley resigned as U.S. Ambassador to China, charging that U.S. global policy was failing because of weak foreign service officers. U.S. President Harry Truman named General George Marshall as Mr. Hurley's replacement.

U.S. Senator Burton K. Wheeler (Democrat--Montana) argued against the United Nations Participation Act, charging that the organization's principles had been compromised by appeasement of the U.S.S.R.

Politics and government
Due to leftist opposition, Italian Prime Minister Vittorio Orlando failed to form a new cabinet.

Economics and finance
CARE (Cooperative for American Remittances to Europe) was founded to a send CARE Packages of food relief to Europe after World War II.

60 years ago

On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Long Shot, starring Peter Lawford and John Williams

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Que Sera, Sera (Whatever Will Be, Will Be)/Shakin' All Over--Normie Rowe (8th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Même Si Tu Revenais--Claude François (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Si fa sera--Gianni Morandi (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): (I Can't Get No) Satisfaction--The Rolling Stones (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Yesterday--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): 1-2-3--Len Barry

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Hear a Symphony--The Supremes (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 1-2-3--Len Barry
2 I Hear a Symphony--The Supremes
3 Rescue Me--Fontella Bass
4 Let's Hang On--The 4 Seasons
5 Turn! Turn! Turn! (To Everything There is a Season)--The Byrds
6 Taste of Honey--Herb Alpert and the Tijuana Brass
7 Get Off My Cloud--The Rolling Stones
8 A Lover's Concerto--The Toys
9 Over and Over--The Dave Clark Five
10 Ain't That Peculiar--Marvin Gaye

Singles entering the chart were Ebb Tide by the Righteous Brothers (#63); The Little Girl I Once Knew by the Beach Boys (#69); Jealous Heart by Connie Francis (#72); Apple of My Eye by Roy Head and the Traits (#74); Satin Pillows by Bobby Vinton (#79); Don't Fight It by Wilson Pickett (#82); The Revolution Kind by Sonny (#84); I Won't Love You Anymore (Sorry) by Lesley Gore (#86); The Duck by Jackie Lee (#87); You've Been Cheatin' by the Impressions (#88); All or Nothing by Patti LaBelle and the Bluebelles (#89); Look Through Any Window by the Hollies (#92); Crystal Chandelier by Vic Dana (#96); Quiet Night of Quiet Stars by Andy Williams (#98); Love Bug by Jack Jones (#99); A Young Girl by Noel Harrison (#100); Spanish Eyes by Al Martino (also #100); and A Well Respected Man by the Kinks (also #100).

Protesters opposed to Yugolsavian dictator Marshal Josip Broz Tito exploded a bomb under the doorstep on the Montclair Avenue side of the Yugoslav consulate on Spadina Road in Toronto.

The Pentagon told U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson that if planned operations were to succeed, the number of American troops in Vietnam had to be increased from 120,000 to 400,000.

Detroit 2 @ Montreal 3

Gordie Howe scored the second Detroit goal with 3:50 remaining in the game. It was the 600th goal in his 20-year NHL career.

Grey Cup @ CNE Stadium, Toronto
Hamilton 22 Winnipeg 16

In a game that became known as the "Wind Bowl," 3 safety touches conceded by the Blue Bombers--1 in the 1st quarter and 2 in the 3rd--were the difference in the score as they lost to the Tiger-Cats before 32,655 fans. All the points were scored by the team with the wind behind them, and it wasn't until the 4th quarter, when the Blue ombers were facing the wind, that either team moved the ball across the 55-yard line against the wind. The Tiger-Cats led 10-0 after the 1st quarter, with Don Sutherin scoring a single on a missed field goal and Dick Cohee rushing 7 yards for a touchdown, converted by Mr. Sutherin. The Blue Bombers came back with 13 points in the 2nd quarter on an 8-yard touchdown rush by Art Perkins and a 5-yard TD ruchs by Leo Lewis; Norm Winton missed the convert on the first touchdown, and was successful in converting Mr. Lewis's TD. Hamilton running back Willie Bethea scored the final touchdown in the 3rd quarter on a 69-yard pass from Joe Zuger, who punted for a single following the last 2 safety touches to give Hamilton a 22-13 lead. Mr. Winton kicked a field goal in the 4th quarter to close the scoring. Mr. Lewis led all rushers with 83 yards on 13 carries, and completed his only pass for 14 yards. Mr. Bethea led the Tiger-Cats with 12 carries for 67 yards, and caught 2 passes for 71 yards. Mr. Cohee rushed for 44 yards on 5 carries. Winnipeg quarterback Kenny Ploen completed 6 of 11 passes for just 52 yards, and allowed an interception by Garney Henley. Mr. Zuger threw just 4 passes, with his only completions going to Mr. Bethea. Frank Cosentino saw some playing time in relief of Mr. Zuger, and threw incomplete pass. Hamilton receivers Tommy Grant, Hal Patterson, and Stan Crisson didn't catch a pass. It was the last game for Mr. Crisson, and the last game in the 10-year Hall of Fame career of Winnipeg defensive end Herb Gray. It was the last Grey Cup to be televised in black and white.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Rhinestone Cowboy--Glen Campbell (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Ross McWhirter, 49
. U.K. author. Ross and his brother Norris McWhirter compiled the annual Guinness Book of World Records. Ross McWhirter was assassinated by the provisional Irish Republican Army after a press conference in which he had announced a reward for the capture of those responsible for multiple bombings and shootings across England.

The Canadian Department of National Defence announced its intention to buy a fleet of new long-range patrol aircraft for almost $1 billion, plus modern tanks for land forces in Europe.

Los Angeles (9-2) 20 @ Detroit (6-5) 0
Buffalo (7-4) 32 @ St. Louis (8-3) 14

30 years ago

At the movies
Rocky IV, starring Sylvester Stallone, opened in theatres.

Politics and government
The British House of Commons voted 473-47 to approve the November 15 accord with Ireland giving the Republic of Ireland a formal consultative role in the governing of Northern Ireland.

The national leadership of the British Labour Party suspended the Liverpool district after allegations that the Communist group Militant Tendency was operating within it.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the U.S. merchandise trade deficit had declined to $11.45 billion in October from September’s record of $15.55 billion.

25 years ago

Died on this date
David White, 74
. U.S. actor. Mr. White was best known for playing Larry Tate in the television comedy series Bewitched (1964-1972).

Politics and government
John Major was chosen leader of the British Conservative Party on the second ballot, and was designated to replace Margaret Thatcher as the country’s next Prime Minister.

Soviet Defense Minister Dmitri Yazov sanctioned the use of force to combat a "breakdown" of order as the U.S.S.R. was moving toward implementing a treaty to create a Union of Sovereign Socialist Republics.

National Football League Commissioner Paul Tagliabue levied $72,500 in fines against the New England Patriots and three of their players for harassing behaviour toward Boston Herald reporter Lisa Olson while she tried to interview one of the players, Maurice Hurst, after a game in September.

20 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): I Don't Wanna Be a Star--Corona

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Fantasy--Mariah Carey (2nd week at #1)
2 Runaway--Janet Jackson
3 Until I Hear it from You--Gin Blossoms
4 I Wish You Well--Tom Cochrane
5 Hand in My Pocket--Alanis Morisette
6 Back for Good--Take That
7 Name--Goo Goo Dolls
8 Do You Sleep?--Lisa Loeb and Nine Stories
9 Let it Rain--Amanda Marshall
10 As I Lay Me Down--Sophie B. Hawkins

Singles entering the chart were Beautiful Life by Ace of Base (#81); Free as a Bird by the Beatles (#89); Freedom by Colin James (#92); The Ghost of Tom Joad by Bruce Springsteen (#93); GoldenEye by Tina Turner (#95); and Dear God by Sarah McLachlan (#96). GoldenEye was the title song of the movie.

World events
The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda opened in Tanzania.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Jocelyn Brando, 86
. U.S. actress. Miss Brando, the older sister of actor Marlon Brando, appeared in various plays and television programs, but was best known for her supporting role in the movie The Big Heat (1953). She died nine days after her 86th birthday.

Joe Jones, 79. U.S. singer. Mr. Jones was best known for his hit single You Talk Too Much, which reached #3 on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart in the fall of 1960.

The first partial human face transplant was completed in Amiens, France.

The Grey Cup telecast on CBC and RDS was the first to take place in high definition.

Grey Cup @ B.C. Place Stadium, Vancouver
Edmonton 38 Montreal 35 (2OT)

Sean Fleming's 36-yard field goal on the second overtime possession gave the Eskimos their win over the Alouettes before 59,157 fans. The Eskimos led 10-1 after a boring 1st half in which the only touchdown came on a 9-yard pass from Ricky Ray to Ed Hervey in the 2nd quarter; it was Mr. Hervey's only touchdown of the season. Montreal quarterback Anthony Calvillo led the Alouettes to 2 touchdowns in the 3rd quarter, both on 1-yard runs by Eric Lapointe, sandwiched around a field goal by Mr. Fleming. Damon Duval kicked a 13-yard field goal to give Montreal an 18-13 lead with 1:16 left in the 3rd quarter, but Tony Tompkins returned the subsequent kickoff 96 yards--a Grey Cup record--for a touchdown, with Mr. Fleming's convert giving Edmonton a 20-18 lead after 3 quarters. Mr. Calvillo rushed 1 yard for a touchdown, and Mr. Duval's convert gave the Alouettes a 25-20 lead with 9:34 remaining in regulation time. On a third-down gamble, Edmonton slotback Mookie Mitchell made a tremendous catch for a 35-yard gain, leading to a 1-yard touchdown rush by Mr. Ray and a 2-point convert pass from Mr. Ray to Jason Tucker with 1:03 remaining, giving the Eskimos a 28-25 lead. Mr. Calvillo led the Alouettes downfield again, and Mr. Duval kicked a 27-yard field goal on the last play of regulation time to tie the game 28-28. Mr. Calvillo connected with Dave Stala for a 30-yard touchdown on the first overtime possession, with Mr. Duval's convert giving Montreal a 35-28 lead. The Eskimos tied the game on their first overtime possession on an 11-yard TD pass from Mr. Ray to Mr. Tucker, converted by Mr. Fleming. Mr. Fleming then kicked his third FG of the game to give the Eskimos the lead, and the Edmonton defense stopped the Alouettes on their second overtime possession. Mr. Ray completed 34 of 45 passes for 359 yards and rushed 4 times for 18 yards, and was named the game's Most Valuable Player. Mr. Calvillo completed 29 of 43 passes for 361 yards and rushed 4 times for 21 yards. Mr. Mitchell caught 8 passes for 117 yards, while Ben Cahoon led the Alouettes with 94 yards on 9 receptions. Edmonton running back Troy Davis led all rushers with 68 yards on 11 carries; Mr. Lapointe led the Alouettes with 11 carried for 46 yards. Edmonton fullback Mike Maurer carried once for 2 yards, caught 4 passes for 41 yards, and made 1 special teams tackle, and was named the game's Most Valuable Canadian. It was the final game in the 14-year career of Edmonton offensive tackle Chris Morris. Edmonton deensive back Steven Marsh suffered a career-ending knee injury.

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