Monday, 3 July 2017

July 3, 2017

575 years ago

Born on this date
. Emperor of Japan, 1464-1500. Go-Tsuchimikado, born Fusahito-shinnō, was the eldest son of Emperor Go-Hanazono, who abdicated in favour of Go-Tsuchimikado. Emperor Go-Tsuchimikado died on October 21, 1500 at the age of 58 and was succeeded by his son Go-Kashiwabara.

250 years ago

Pitcairn Island was discovered by Midshipman Robert Pitcairn on an expeditionary voyage commanded by Philip Carteret.

Norway's oldest newspaper still in print, Adresseavisen, was founded and the first edition was published.

150 years ago

Died on this date
Lazarus W. Powell, 54
. U.S. politician. Mr. Powell, a Democrat, was Governor of Kentucky from 1851-1855 and represented the state in the United States Senate from 1859-1865. He died of apoplexy after years of suffering from rheumatism.

80 years ago

Died on this date
Jacob Schick, 59
. U.S. inventor. Mr. Schick, a native of Ottumwa, Iowa, invented the electric razor in 1930, and founded the company bearing his name. He moved to Montreal and became a British subject in 1935 to avoid a U.S. congressional investigation into his transfer of wealth to holding companies in the Bahamas. Mr. Schick died from complications after a kidney operation.

75 years ago

Canada and the United States formed a joint military, naval, and air office in Washington. German forces captured the Soviet naval base at Sevastopol in southwestern Crimea. Prague radio announced the execution by German authorities of 123 more people, bringing the total to 1,174 since May 27. U.S. Army bombers completed four days of attacks on Japanese installations and ships on Japanese-occupied Kiska in the Aleutians and surrounding waters. In its last battle, the American Volunteer Group drove away eight Japanese bombers trying to raid Hengyang on the Canton-Hankow railroad line.

70 years ago

On the radio
Mystery in the Air, starring Peter Lorre, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Tell Tale Heart

This was the first episode of the series, which was a summer replacement for The Abbott and Costello Show.

French forces repulsed an attack by Madagascar nationalists on the capital city of Tananarive, reporting the surrender of 3,000 insurgents.

Politics and government
Socialist Amir Sjahrifoeddin was named Prime Minister of the Indonesian Republic.

Economics and finance
U.S. Commerce Secretary Averell Harriman and Agriculture Secretary Clinton Anderson arrived in Berlin to examine Germany's economic and food situation.

A U.S. federal grand jury in Washington, D.C. convicted former U.S. Representative Andrew May (Democrat--Kentucky) and munitions manufacturers Murray and Henry Garsson on bribery and conspiracy charges related to the securing of munitions contracts during World War II.

A tornado killed 11 people near the Canadian border at Grand Forks, North Dakota.

60 years ago

Died on this date
Dolf Luque, 66
. Cuban baseball pitcher. Mr. Luque played with the Boston Braves (1914-1915); Cincinnati Reds (1918-1929); Brooklyn Robins (1930-1931); and New York Giants (1932-1935), compiling a record of 194-179 with an earned run average of 3.24 and 29 saves in 550 games, and batted .227 with 5 home runs and 90 runs batted in in 559 games. His best season was 1923, when he led the National League in wins (27); winning percentage (.771); and earned run average (1.93). Mr. Luque was a member of World Series championship teams in 1919 and 1933. He played winter baseball in the Cuban League for 22 seasons from 1912-1945, and won seven Cuban League championships as a manager. Mr. Luque was a coach with the Giants from 1936-1937 and 1941-1945, and managed in the Mexican League for seven seasons. He was inducted into the Cuban Baseball Hall of Fame in 1967 and the Mexican Baseball Hall of Fame in 1985.

Judy Tyler, 24. U.S. actress. Miss Tyler, born Judith Mae Hess, played Princess Summerfall Winterspring on the children's television program Howdy Doody, and starred in the Broadway musical Pipe Dream (1955) and the movies Bop Girl Goes Calypso (1957) and Jailhouse Rock (1957). She had just finished filming the latter when she and her new husband Greg Lafayette were involved in a car accident on a high way in Wyoming while driving back to New York from Hollywood. Miss Tyler was killed instantly, Mr. Lafayette suffered a broken back and soon died from his injuries, and a passenger in the other vehicle was also killed.

The seven-day Summer Festival, hosted by disc jockey Alan Freed, opened at the Paramount Theater in New York. Performers included Frankie Lymon and the Teenagers; Chuck Berry; Johnnie and Joe; the Everly Brothers; the Dubs; Jodie Sands; the Moonglows; LaVern Baker; Clyde McPhatter; Paul Anka; Lewis Lymon and the Teen Chords; Joe Turner; Teddy Randazzo; and Screamin' Jay Hawkins.

Canadian industrialist Cyrus Eaton founded the annual Pugwash Conference, a week-long meeting on world affairs and science in Pugwash, Nova Scotia, bringing together people from Western and Communist bloc nations.

Politics and government
The Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union announced the dismissal of Vyacheslav Molotov, Georgi Malenkov, and Lazar Kaganovich from the Central Committee, the party Presidium, and from their government posts, accusing them of leading an "anti-party group" in the Presidium.

Five million Egyptians voted in elections for government-approved candidates to the 350-seat National Parliament.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Marionetas en la Cuerda (Puppet on a String)--Sandie Shaw (8th week at #1)

On television tonight
Coronet Blue, starring Frank Converse, on CBS
Tonight's episode: A Dozen Demons

The Battle of the Crater began, in which British Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Colin "Mad Mitch" Mitchell, retook the Crater district in what is now South Yemen, following the Arab Police mutiny during the Aden Emergency.

Billy Casper defeated Art Wall in a playoff to win the Canadian Open at Montreal Municipal Golf Club. The two had finished the regulation 72 holes with 5-under-par scores of 279. First prize money was $30,000.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: My Broken Souvenirs--Pussycat

Judy Rankin won the Peter Jackson Classic.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)--Whitney Houston (4th week at #1)

Quebec City became the first city in North America to become a United Nations Eduational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Site.

A court in Lyon, France sentenced former Lyon Gestapo chief Klaus Barbie to life in prison for crimes against humanity.

Panamanian business leaders seeking the ouster of dictator General Manuel Antonio Noriega called for a general strike lasting from July 3-5.

Ottawa (1-1) 24 @ Winnipeg (2-0) 51

Willard Reaves led the Blue Bombers’ attack with 26 rushes for over 180 yards and touchdowns of 3 and 41 yards. James Murphy added to the Winnipeg offense with 8 pass receptions for 127 yards and 2 touchdowns, each covering 32 yards. Running back Cedric Minter rushed 16 times for 58 yards for the Rough Riders and returned 8 kickoffs—tying the league record for a single game—for 148 yards.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Rhythm is a Dancer--Snap! (7th week at #1)

The Canadian Space Agency announced that astronauts Marc Garneau and Chris Hadfield would begin a four-year training period in August in preparation for a space flight planned to assist in the construction of the space station Freedom.

World events
Iraq’s official news agency denied that a military coup had been attempted against President Saddam Hussein.

Politics and government
Czechoslovakian President Vaclav Havel, running unopposed by any candidate for re-election, failed to get a majority of votes in one of the houses of the Federal Assembly. The opposition to Mr. Havel’s re-election came mainly from Slovak representatives.

20 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Bailando--Paradisio

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Bailando--Paradisio (2nd week at #1)

Montreal (2-0) 27 @ Winnipeg (0-2) 24
Calgary (0-2) 16 @ British Columbia (1-1) 17

10 years ago

Died on this date
Boots Randolph, 80
. U.S. musician. Homer Louis Randolph, a saxophonist, was a Nashville session musician who was best known for Yakety Sax, originally released in 1958 as a B-side, and a hit single in a re-recorded version in 1963. He died of a brain hemorrhage.

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