Monday, 10 July 2017

July 10, 2017

225 years ago

Born on this date
George M. Dallas
. 11th Vice President of the United States, 1845-1849. Mr. Dallas, a Democrat and a native of Philadelphia, held various offices before serving as Vice President to President James K. Polk. Mr. Dallas died of a heart attack on December 31, 1864 at the age of 72.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Reg Smythe
. U.K. cartoonist. Mr. Smythe, born Reginald Smyth, wrote and drew the comic strip Andy Capp from 1957 until his death from lung cancer on June 13, 1998 at the age of 80.

Hugh Alexander. U.S. baseball player and scout. Mr. Alexander was an outfielder who batted .348 with 28 home runs in 122 games with the Fargo-Moorhead Twins of the Class D Northern League in 1936 and .344 with 29 home runs in 79 games with the Springfield Indians of the Class C Middle Atlantic League in 1937. He played in 7 games with the Cleveland Indians in 1937, batting .091 (1 for 11) with no home runs or runs batted in. Mr. Alexander lost his left hand in an oil-drilling accident after that season and promptly became a scout for the Indians. In a 64-year career with firve major league teams, he signed such players as Allie Reynolds, Dale Mitchell, Steve Garvey, Frank Howard, Dave Lopes, and Don Sutton. Mr. Alexander was still active when he died on November 25, 2000 at the age of 83.

90 years ago

Died on this date
Kevin O'Higgins, 35
. Irish politician. Mr. O'Higgins, a member of Sinn Féin from 1918-1923 before joining Cumann na nGaedheal, was Minister from Justice and Vice-President of the Executive Council of the Irish Free State from 1922 until his assassination by three members of the Irish Republican Army in retaliation for his part in the executions of IRA men during the Irish Civil War.

75 years ago

Russian troops abandoned Rossosh, permitting German forces to cut the Moscow-Rostov railway line. An American pilot spotted a downed, intact Mitsubishi A6M Zero on Akutan Island (the "Akutan Zero") that the U.S. Navy used to learn the aircraft's flight characteristics.

Dutch Ambassador to the United Kingdom E.F.M.J. Michiels Van Verduynen and Soviet Ambassador Ivan Maisky signed an agreement in London to resume diplomatic relations between the Netherlands and the U.S.S.R.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed legislation providing for construction of 1.9 million tons of Navy combat ships and 1.2 million tons of auxiliary ships.

Politics and government
U.S. Office of War Information chief Elmer Davis appointed three assistant directors: Archibald MacLeish, policy development branch; Gardner Cowles, Jr., domestic information; and Robert Sherwood, overseas information.

Economics and finance
U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull and Greek Prime Minister Emmanuel Tsouderos signed the master Lend-Lease agreement in Washington.

The U.S.A. and Peru reached agreement whereby the United States would pay 1.5% more for future Peruvian cotton crops with each 1% reduction in acreage.

70 years ago

On the radio
Mystery in the Air, starring Peter Lorre, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Leiningen vs. the Ants

Politics and government
The British House of Commons passed the Indian independence bill on its second reading. U.K. Prime Minister Clement Attlee recommended Mohammed Ali Jinnah as the first Governor-General of Pakistan.

The U.S. House of Representatives passed and sent to President Harry Truman a bill placing the speaker of the House after the vice president in the line of presidential succession.

Mexico and Cuba signed a cultural relations treaty providing for exchange of teachers, students, and art exhibits.

Economics and finance
After initially agreeing to attend the European economic conference in Paris, Czechoslvakia withdrew from participation as Czech Premier Klement Gottwald conferred in Moscow with Soviet dictator Josef Stalin.

The New York Yankees sold pitcher Mel Queen to the Pittsburgh Pirates; he was 0-0 with an earned run average of 9.45 in 5 games with the Yankees in 1947.

Don Black pitched a no-hitter, batted 2 for 2, and drove in a run with a sacrifice squeeze bunt for the Cleveland Indians as they shut out the Philadelphia Athletics 3-0 in the first game of a doubleheader before 47,871 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. Bob Feller allowed 6 hit and 1 earned run in 8 1/3 innings as the Indians completed the sweep with a 2-1 win in the second game; losing pitcher Dick Fowler allowed just 4 hits in pitching a complete game, but 2 of the hits came in the 7th inning when Dale Mitchell singled and Hank Edwards followed with a 2-run home run.

The Boston Red Sox and Detroit Tigers played a 2-2 tie before 37,384 fans at Briggs Stadium in Detroit in a game that was called because of darkness after 8 innings. Boo Ferriss allowed 3 hits in 8 innings for Boston, while Hal Newhouser allowed 7 hits for Detroit. Sam Dente made his major league debut at third base for the Red Sox, batting 2 for 4, singling in the first Boston run, and scoring the second in the 4th inning, while making 2 putouts and 2 assists.

Early Wynn and Ray Scarborough were the respective winning pitchers as the Washington Nationals swept a doubleheader from the Chicago White Sox 4-0 and 7-2 before 12,210 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago.

Joe Page pitched 2 2/3 innings of scoreless relief and hit a solo home run with 2 out in the top of the 9th inning to give the New York Yankees a 4-3 win over the St. Louis Browns before 11,030 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. The homer was Mr. Page's only home run of the season, and the second and last of his major league career.

Tommy Holmes hit 2 home runs and a single and scored 4 runs to help the Boston Braves defeat the Cincinnati Reds 6-4 in the first game of a doubleheader before 27,455 fans at Braves Field. Buddy Lively pitched a 3-hitter for the Reds to win the pitchers' duel over Bill Voiselle as the Reds won the second game 2-1.

Spider Jorgensen led off the bottom of the 10th inning with a double, pinch hitter Al Gionfriddo was intentionally walked, and pinch hitter Arky Vaughan followed with a single to score Mr. Jorgensen to give the Brooklyn Dodgers a 4-3 win over the Chicago Cubs and a sweep of their doubleheader before 35,876 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. Ralph Branca pitched 2 2/3 scoreless innings in relief of Harry Taylor to get the win and improve his 1947 record to 14-6. Jackie Robinson hit a home run to help the Dodgers win the first game 5-3.

Dutch Leonard and Tommy Hughes were the respective winning pitchers as the Philadelphia Phillies swept a doubleheader from the Pittsburgh Pirates 7-2 and 2-1 before 12,044 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. Jim Bagby and Kirby Higbe were the respective losing pitchers. The Phillies scored 6 runs in the 4th inning of the first game.

The St. Louis Cardinals scored 2 runs in the 1st inning, 3 in the 2nd, and 1 in the 3rd as they beat the New York Giants 11-4 before 36,850 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. Winning pitcher Red Munger allowed 11 hits and 4 earned runs in pitching a complete game to improve his record for the season to 8-1; he also batted 2 for 4 with a run batted in. Clint Hartung started on the mound for New York and allowed 5 hits and 5 runs--all earned--in 1 1/3 innings to take the loss.

60 years ago

Died on this date
Sholem Asch, 76
. Polish-born author. Mr. Asch, born Szalom Asz, wrote novels, plays, and essays in Yiddish in a career spanning more than 50 years.

The U.S. Air Force announced the establishment of the nation's first intercontinental missile wing, equipped with Snark missiles, at Cooke Air Force Base near Lompoc, California.

Politics and government
Japanese Prime Minister Nobusuke Kishi, acting against inflationary policies identified with former Prime Minister Tanzan Ishibashi's government, dismissed his cabinet and presented a new cabinet for investiture by Emperor Hirohito.

Moscow sources reported that former opposition leader Georgi Malenkov had been appointed manager of a hydroelectric plant in Ust-Kamenogorsk, 2,000 miles from Moscow in East Kazakhstan.

The U.S. National Urban League and United Auto Workers agreed to work for elimination of racial discrimination in all industries in which the UAW had collective bargaining agreements.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Marionetas en la Cuerda (Puppet on a String)--Sandie Shaw (9th week at #1)

On television tonight
Coronet Blue, starring Frank Converse, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Faces

The single Pleasant Valley Sunday/Words by the Monkees was released on Colgems Records in the U.S.A. and on RCA Victor Records in Canada.

Queen Elizabeth II and Queen Mother Elizabeth arrived in Halifax to start a 12-day tour of the Maritime provinces.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: My Broken Souvenirs--Pussycat (2nd week at #1)

Politics and government
The ruling Liberal Democratic Party narrowly retained control of the House of Councillors, the upper house of the Japanese Diet in elections. The Liberal Democrats won 64 seats, but gained its total of 127 seats--a majority of 1 in the 252-seat house--only after gaining the support of three conservatives who had run as independents. The Socialists won 27 seats for a total of 56, a loss of five seats. The Clean Government Party won 14 seats for a total of 28, a gain of four. The Communists won 4 for a total of 16, a loss of four. The remaining seats were held by independents and members of minor parties.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)--Whitney Houston (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
John Hammond, 76
. U.S. record producer. Mr. Hammond was a producer and talent scout with Columbia Records for many years, and was responsible for signing artists such as Aretha Franklin, Bob Dylan, and Bruce Springsteen to the label. He promoted the work of numerous Negro artists.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that prices charged by producers for finished goods had risen 0.2% in June.

Calgary (1-3) 22 @ Winnipeg (3-0) 38

Willard Reaves rushed 22 times for 117 yards and two 1-yard touchdowns, Tom Clements completed 20 of 29 passes for 262 yards and 2 touchdowns to Jeff Boyd while rushing for another touchdown himself, and the Winnipeg defense sacked Calgary quarterback Rick Johnson 9 times as the Blue Bombers defeated the Stampeders before 22,808 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Gary Allen rushed 1 yard for the first Calgary touchdown and caught a 15-yard pass from Mr. Johnson for the Stampeders’ last TD. Tim Petros rushed 4 yards for the other Stampeder touchdown. The 9 sacks had the effect of limiting the Stampeders’ net offense to just 92 yards.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Rhythm is a Dancer--Snap! (8th week at #1)

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the nine-nation European Union agreed to send warships into the Adriatic Sea to enforce the trade embargo imposed by the United Nations Security Council against Yugoslavia.

A U.S. federal grand jury in New York City concluded that Pan American World Airlines was liable for damages in the 1988 terrorist bombing over Lockerbie, Scotland that had killed 270 people. The jury found Pan Am guilty of willful misconduct for neglecting to inspect the suitcase containing the bomb. Pan Am had since gone out of business, and it was estimated that the airline’s insurance companies might have to pay out $300 million in individual damage claims.

A U.S. federal judge in Miami sentenced former Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega to 40 years in prison on drug and racketeering charges.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that prices charged by producers of finished goods had risen 0.2% in June.

Olympia and York announced a loss of $2.05 Canadian for the fiscal year ended January 1992.

20 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Bailando--Paradisio (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Mato--Apulanta (3rd week at #1)

Scientists in London reported the findings of the DNA analysis of a Neanderthal skeleton which supported the "out of Africa theory" of human evolution, placing an "African Eve" at 100,000 to 200,000 years ago.

Miguel Ángel Blanco, a member of Spain's Partido Popular (Popular Party), was kidnapped (and murdered three days later) in the Basque city of Ermua by members of the Basque separatist organization Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA), sparking widespread protests.

British Columbia (2-1) 41 @ Edmonton (2-1) 31

The Lions took advantage of 6 turnovers, taking a 31-3 lead and withstanding a 2nd-half comeback to defeat the Eskimos before 26,010 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Edmonton quarterback Danny McManus completed 20 of 35 passes for 333 yards, connecting with Eddie Brown for touchdowns of 71 and 16 yards in the 3rd quarter, and 29 yards to Darren Flutie in the 4th quarter, and handing off to Tony Burse for a TD in the 4th quarter.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Doug Marlette, 57
. U.S. cartoonist and author. Mr. Marlette was an editorial cartoonist for several newspapers, and wrote and drew the comic strip Kudzu from 1981 until his death in a car accident. He also wrote two novels, which were well-received.

Politics and government
David Onley was appointed Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario; he was a reporter, anchorman, host of "Citytv" in Toronto, and a champion of people with disabilities.

Erden Eruç departed Bodega Bay, California to begin the first solo human-powered circumnavigation of the world.

Major League All-Star Game @ AT&T Park, San Francisco
American League 5 @ National League 4

Ichiro Suzuki of the Seattle Mariners hit a 2-run inside-the park home run--the first in All-Star Game history--in the 5th inning to help the AL defeat the NL before 43,965 fans. The NL rallied for 2 runs in the bottom of the 9th and had the bases loaded with 2 out, but Aaron Rowand flied out to right fielder Alex Rios to end the game.

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