450 years ago
Mary, Queen of Scots was forced to abdicate and was replaced by her 1-year-old son King James VI.
170 years ago
Brigham Young and members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Mormons) arrived at the Great Salt Lake in Utah.
150 years ago
Politics and government
The New York State Constitutional Convention voted 125-19 against a proposal for women's suffrage.
A radical riot took place in Knoxville, Tennessee.
100 years ago
Canadian Prime Minister Robert Borden's government passed the Military Service Bill (Conscription Act), with a majority of 58 votes; it created a system of “selective, that is to say gradual conscription, with men being divided into a number of classes called up as needed.” Most Liberal MPs from English-speaking provinces voted with the Conservatives on the bill, while Liberal Party leader and former Prime Minister Sir Wilfrid Laurier steadfastly refused to join a coalition government.
90 years ago
The Menin Gate Memorial to the Missing, a memorial in Ypres, Belgium, dedicated to the British and Commonwealth soldiers who were killed in the Ypres Salient of World War I and whose graves were unknown, was dedicated.
80 years ago
The State of Alabama dropped all charges against Willie Roberson, Olen Montgomery, Eugene Williams, and Roy Wright, four of the "Scottsboro Boys"--Negro youths who had been accused of raping two white women in 1931. One of the others, Charlie Weems, was convicted of rape and sentenced to 105 years in prison.
75 years ago
Heavy fighting continued on a 120-mile front stretching along the Don River from Rostov through Novocherkassk to Tsimlyansk. Allied dive bombers and fighters dropped 45,000 pounds of bombs on Japanese forces at Gona, Papua, New Guinea.
Economics and finance
Yugoslavian Foreign Minister Momcilo Nincich signed the master Lend-Lease agreement in Washington which had been signed by nine other nations.
70 years ago
On the radio
Mystery in the Air, starring Peter Lorre, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Interruption
Politics and government
The Greek government ordered the arrest of Communist Party leader Nicolas Zachariades and former Labour Minister Militadas Porphyrogenis on charges of plotting a revolt.
The British Colonial Office issued a White Paper proposing a Federation of Malaya governed by a British high commissioner.
Economics and finance
The United Kingdom and France accepted a U.S. invitation to a Washington conference about the level of German industry to be permitted by the Allies.
An 18-man committee headed by U.S. Commerce Secretary Averell Harriman began hearings in Washington on the U.S. capacity to aid other nations.
Former Minnesota Governor Harold Stassen was re-elected president of the International Council of Religious Education at their convention in Des Moines.
27 coal miners were killed in an explosion at the Old Ben Mine near West Frankfort, Illinois.
60 years ago
British fighter planes based in Sharja, Oman strafed the rebel-held fort of Izki, 20 miles from Nizwa.
The U.S. Senate cut President Dwight D. Eisenhower's civil rights bill down to a right-to-vote law by deleting proposals to give the Attorney General broad powers to seek injunctions in any type of civil rights cases.
Soviet Premier Nikolai Bulganin warned the Western powers that their insistence on international control of fissionable materials production was sabotaging any hope of an agreement to end nuclear weapons tests.
The U.S. Air Force announced the development of the Hughes Falcon GAR-2A, a heat-seeking missile fired from a plane.
National Football League Commissioner Bert Bell, appearing before a U.S. House of Representatives subcommittee on monopoly, said that professional football would be "doomed" unless Congress freed the sport's practices from anti-trust laws.
Hamilton Tiger-Cats Intrasquad game
Black 21 Yellow 17
Bernie Faloney threw touchdown passes to Ron Howell and Eddie Macon, and rushed for another TD of his own to lead Black to victory before 10,666 fans at Civic Stadium.
50 years ago
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): La Caza--Juan y Junior (2nd week at #1)
On television tonight
Coronet Blue, starring Frank Converse, on CBS
Tonight's episode: A Charade for Murder
Paul Anka was the headline act at the grandstand at Klondike Days in Edmonton, with Shari Lewis as the opening act; both were well-received.
During an official state visit to Canada, French President Charles de Gaulle delivered a speech from the balcony of Montreal City Hall, and declared to the crowd of over 100,000 in Montreal: "Vive le Québec libre!" ("Long live free Quebec!"). The statement angered the Canadian government and many Anglophone Canadians.
A race riot occurred in Cambridge, Maryland, following a speech by Negro activist H. Rap Brown, who was injured by buckshot in the face during the clash between Negroes and police. 17 buildings in the Negro area of the city burned down.
Ottawa (0-2) 11 @ Calgary (4-0) 13
Jerry Keeling threw a 25-yard touchdown pass to Terry Evanshen late in the 4th quarter to give the Stampeders their win over the Rough Riders before 13,785 fans at McMahon Stadium. Jim Dillard scored the Ottawa touchdown in the 2nd quarter.
The Baseball Hall of Fame's Veterans Committee announced Lloyd Waner and Branch Rickey as the Hall's latest members. Mr. Waner, nicknamed "Little Poison" in contrast to his older brother Paul "Big Poison" Waner, was an outfielder with five National League teams from 1927-1945, but was best known for his years with the Pittsburgh Pirates (1927-1941, 1944-1945). He batted .316 with 27 home runs and 598 runs batted in in 1,993 games. Mr. Rickey, a mediocre catcher, made his mark as general manager of the St. Louis Cardinals from 1919-1942, pioneering the development of a farm system for a major league team. He then moved to the Brooklyn Dodgers from 1942-1950, where he produced competitive teams and the Dodgers became the first major league club to hire Negro players, beginning with Jackie Robinson.
40 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand: My Broken Souvenirs--Pussycat (4th week at #1)
The four-day-long Libyan–Egyptian War ended when Egyptian President Anwar Sadat ordered Egyptian forces to observe a cease-fire, negotiated by Arab mediators.
U.S. National Urban League Executive Director Vernon Jordan, addressing the league's annual convention in Washington, D.C., charged that the U.S. administration of President Jimmy Carter had "fallen short on policies, programs, and people, " especially when it came to appointing Negroes to significant positions.
Lee Trevino won the Canadian Open for the second time, with an 8-under-par score of 280, in the first Canadian Open played at Glen Abbey Golf Club in Oakville, Ontario. Mr. Trevino, who had won the tournament in 1971, finished 4 strokes ahead of Peter Oosterhuis. First prize money was $45,000.
30 years ago
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): It's a Sin--Pet Shop Boys (2nd week at #1)
Prince Andrew, Duke of York, and Sarah, Duchess of York, visited Fort Edmonton Park.
Novelist and former British Conservative party official Jeffrey Archer was awarded record libel damages of £500,000 plus £700,000 in costs for a front-page story published by the Daily Star the previous November alleging that Mr. Archer had paid to have sex with a prostitute.
Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the gross national product had grown at an annual rate of 2.6% in the second quarter of 1987.
Boris Becker of West Germany defeated John McEnroe of the United States 4-6, 15-13, 8-10, 6-2, 6-2 in a Davis Cup elimination match in Hartford, Connecticut. At 6 hours and 38 minuts, it was believed to have been the longest Davis Cup match ever played. The second set took 2 hours and 35 minutes to play.
Edmonton (3-2) 42 @ Winnipeg (4-1) 28
Matt Dunigan rushed for two 1-yard touchdowns and completed touchdown bombs of 89 yards to Stephen Jones and 72 yards to Tom Richards to lead the Eskimos past the Blue Bombers before 29,260 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Rookie defensive back Stanley Blair returned an interception 71 yards for his only CFL touchdown and Milson Jones rushed 2 yards for the other Edmonton major. Ken Winey scored the Blue Bombers’ first touchdown on a 93-yard kickoff return in the 2nd quarter. Tom Clements completed an 11-yard touchdown pass to James Murphy in the 3rd quarter, and Willard Reaves rushed 1 yard for the other Winnipeg touchdown in the 4th quarter. The Eskimos scored 4 of their 6 converted touchdowns in the 2nd quarter. It was the final Eskimo game for kicker and punter Tom Dixon, who had lost favour with head coach Joe Faragalli. Not only was his field goal kicking erratic, but he kicked off to the wrong side of the field after Stephen Jones’ TD, allowing Mr. Winey to return the kick for a touchdown. Mr. Reaves rushed 17 times for 86 yards, going over 5,000 yards for his 5-year CFL career. Stephen Jones caught 5 passes for 127 yards, and Winnipeg’s Perry Tuttle caught 8 for 128.
25 years ago
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Rhythm is a Dancer--Snap! (10th week at #1)
Died on this date
Sam Berger, 92. Canadian lawyer and football executive. Mr. Berger was a co-owner of the Ottawa Rough Riders of the Canadian Football League from 1955-1968, and owner of the Montreal Alouettes from 1969-1980. With both teams, he saved teams that were in financial trouble and turned them into successful franchises. The Rough Riders won the Grey Cup in 1960 and 1968, and the Alouettes won the Grey Cup in 1970, 1974, and 1977. Mr. Berger served as the CFL’s president in 1964 and 1971, and was instrumental in negotiating the league’s first television contract. A military officer in World War II, Mr. Berger donated the Berger Trophy in 1942 for the championship of the Ottawa Senior City Football League. The league operated only in 1942, with the RCAF Uplands Flyers defeating the Ottawa Rough Riders to win the trophy. Mr. Berger was inducted into the Canadian Football Hall of Fame in 1993.
Ottawa (2-1) 13 @ Saskatchewan (1-2) 23
Kent Austin completed just 17 of 44 passes, but amassed 291 yards, including touchdowns of 27 yards to Ray Elgaard in the 1st quarter and 17 yards to Dan Farthing in the 2nd quarter to lead the Roughriders past the Rough Riders before 20,117 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. Tom Burgess completed a 23-yard pass to James Ellingson in the 3rd quarter for the only Ottawa touchdown. Don Narcisse of Saskatchewan caught 12 passes for 144 yards.
20 years ago
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy featuring Faith Evans and 112 (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): D'You Know What I Mean--Oasis
Died on this date
William Brennan, 91. Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, 1956-1990. Justice Brennan was on the Supreme Court of New Jersey when he was appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court by President Dwight D. Eisenhower. Justice Brennan was known for his liberal positions, including support for abortion and opposition to capital punishment. His death was no great loss.
Saw Maung, 69. Prime Minister of Myanmar, 1988-1992. Saw Maung, an adjutant-general, was chairman of the junta that seized power in a coup in 1988 and was effective ruler of the country as head of the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC). He wa removed from office on April 23, 1992, and died of a heart attack.
Edmonton (4-1) 34 @ Montreal (3-2) 24
Toronto (4-1) 34 @ British Columbia (3-2) 20
Darren Flutie caught 4 passes for 51 yards and touchdowns from quarterback Danny McManus and running back Eric Blount as the Eskimos built a 31-9 lead midway through the 3rd quarter and coasted to victory over the Alouettes at Olympic Stadium. Tony Burse rushed 2 yards for an Edmonton TD, and linebacker Willie Pless, playing tight end on short yardage offensive plays, caught a 12-yard TD pass from Mr. McManus, who completed 19 of 34 passes for 264 yards. Eddie Brown led Edmonton receivers with 8 receptions for 116 yards. The Eskimos played a very entertaining 2nd quarter, which included Sean Fleming recovering his own punt to set up an Edmonton touchdown.
10 years ago
Died on this date
Albert Ellis, 93. U.S. psychologist. Dr. Ellis was a secular humanist who worked with Alfred Kinsey in helping to promote a liberal view of sex, and was seen as one of the founders of the American sexual revolution. In 1955 he developed Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT), in which the client uses rationality to understand that his personal philosophy contains beliefs that are contributing to his pain. Dr. Ellis was thus recognized as one of the founders of cognitive-behavioural therapies.
Nielsen Bottom 10, October 23rd-29th, 1972 - A look at the 10 lowest-rated programs on TV during the week of October 23rd-29th, 1972. *Alias Smith & Jones* was at the bottom of the ratings chart. Co...
22 hours ago