Monday, 31 July 2017

July 30, 2017

125 years ago
1792


Franciana
The national anthem, La Marseillaise by Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle, was first sung in Paris.

150 years ago
1867


Politics and government
U.S. Army General Philip Sheridan, military governor of the Fifth Military District (Texas and Louisiana), removed James Throckmorton from office as Governor of Texas. Gov. Throckmorton, who had held the office for a year, was regarded as too lenient toward former Confederates, and unfavourable toward civil rights for Negroes. He was succeeded by Elisha Pease.

Disasters
More than 100 men were killed in a mine explosion in Moravia.

125 years ago
1892


Education
The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, in Winnipeg v. Barrett, overruled the Supreme Court of Canada and upheld the Manitoba government's right to abolish separate, i.e., Roman Catholic schools.

90 years ago
1927


Canadiana
Prince George (later King George VI) arrived in Québec City with the Prince of Wales (later King Edward VIII) and British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin to begin a country-wide tour on the occasion of Canada’s Diamond Jubilee.

80 years ago
1937


Transportation
Canadian Minister of Transport C. D. Howe flew to Vancouver in a "Dawn to Dusk Across Canada" trip to start the new Trans-Canada Air Lines service.

75 years ago
1942


War
Soviet troops fell back at many points south and southeast of Bataisk, 15 miles below Rostov on the Don River. Japanese troops occupied the Kai, Tanimbar, and Aroe groups of islands between Australia and New Guinea. Allied fighters reportedly shot down 9 of 49 Japanese raiders on Port Darwin on the north Australia coast. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a bill creating a women's auxiliary agency in the Navy known as Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service, or WAVES. The U.S. Senate completed action on the $974,634,000 bill authorizing naval aviation and shore facilities.

Defense
U.S. industrialist Henry Kaiser told U.S. Senate committees that his shipyards could build 70-ton cargo planes in 10 months and 200-ton planes in 14 months.

Crime
7 of 28 individuals in the United States indicted on July 21 for sedition entered pleas in Washington of not guilty.

70 years ago
1947


Died on this date
Joseph Cook, 86
. Prime Minister of Australia, 1913-1914. Sir Joseph, a native of England who emigrated to Australia at the age of 24, was a member of several parties during his career. He represented Hartley in the New South Wales Parliament from 1891-1901 and then moved into federal politics, representing Parramutta in the Australian Parliament from 1901-1921. Sir Joseph led the Commonwealth Liberal Party to a narrow win in the 1913 general election, but lost power in the 1914 election, shortly after Australia's entry into World War I. Sir Joseph served as Australia's High Commissioner to the United Kingdom from 1921-1927.

War
Australia and India appealed to the United Nations to halt the Dutch campaign in Indonesia, while U.K. Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin announced that Britain would refuse to supply the Netherlands with weapons and material for use in Indonesia.

Terrorism
In retaliation for the previous day's execution of three members of the Irgun Zvai Leumi, the Jewish organization hanged two British soldiers who had been kidnapped on July 12.

Diplomacy
The United Nations Palestine Inquiry Commission voted in Geneva to visit refugee camps in central Europe and examine the situation of stateless Jews.

Politics and government
Socialist Unity Party leader Max Seydewitz was elected President of Saxony in Soviet-occupied Germany.

U.S. Senator Chapman Revercomb (Republican--West Virginia) was named chairman of a Senate Judiciary subcommittee to study the possible immigration of European refugees to the United States.

Economics and finance
The United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration suspended relief shipments to northern China until it could arrange for distribution of a "fair share" of the shipments to Communist-controlled areas.

60 years ago
1957


Politics and government
Former Wisconsin Governor Walter Jodock defeated six rivals to win the Republican Party primary for the U.S. Senate seat vacated by the death of Joseph McCarthy on May 2. William Proxmire defeated Rep. Clement Zablocki in the Democratic primary.

Transportation
U.S. Maritime Administrator Clarence Morse disclosed plans for the first nuclear-powered U.S. merchant ship, a 21,000-ton vessel to be completed in 1960 at a cost of $42 million.

50 years ago
1967


Protest
Four days of race riots began in Milwaukee.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Saskatchewan (2-2) 7 @ Ottawa (1-2-1) 20

Russ Jackson completed a 26-yard touchdown pass to Don Gilbert in the 4th quarter and a 5-yard TD pass to Whit Tucker on the last play of the game to lead the Rough Riders over the Roughriders at Lansdowne Park.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Ti Amo'--Umberto Tozzi (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Yes Sir, I Can Boogie--Baccara (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Yes Sir, I Can Boogie--Baccara (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K (BMRB): I Feel Love--Donna Summer (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Just Want to Be Your Everything--Andy Gibb

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Just Want to Be Your Everything--Andy Gibb
2 I'm in You--Peter Frampton
3 Undercover Angel--Alan O'Day
4 Da Doo Ron Ron--Shaun Cassidy
5 My Heart Belongs to Me--Barbra Streisand
6 Whatcha Gonna Do?--Pablo Cruise
7 Looks Like We Made It--Barry Manilow
8 (Your Love Has Lifted Me) Higher and Higher--Rita Coolidge
9 Do You Wanna Make Love--Peter McCann
10 You Made Me Believe in Magic--Bay City Rollers

Singles entering the chart were Star Wars Theme/Cantina Band by Meco (#75); That's Rock 'n' Roll by Shaun Cassidy (#77); L.A. Sunshine by War (#82); The Greatest Love of All by George Benson (#83); Help is on its Way by Little River Band (#89); It's Uncanny by Daryl Hall and John Oates (#96); Take Me Home by Balcones Fault (#98); and Turning to You by Charlie (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 I'm in You--Peter Frampton
2 Da Doo Ron Ron--Shaun Cassidy
3 Undercover Angel--Alan O'Day
4 I Just Want to Be Your Everything--Andy Gibb
5 Knowing Me, Knowing You--ABBA
6 Jet Airliner--Steve Miller Band
7 My Heart Belongs to Me--Barbra Streisand
8 Looks Like We Made It--Barry Manilow
9 It's Sad to Belong--England Dan & John Ford Coley
10 Whatcha Gonna Do?--Pablo Cruise

Singles entering the chart were Star Wars (Main Title) by John Williams and the London Symphony Orchestra (#89); It's a Crazy World by Mac McAnally (#90); Cold as Ice by Foreigner (#91); Hold on Baby by Charity Brown (#92); Edge of the Universe by the Bee Gees (#93); Don't Worry Baby by B.J. Thomas (#94); Dancer by Ken Tobias (#95); It was Almost Like a Song by Ronnie Milsap (#96); Keep it Coming Love by K.C. and the Sunshine Band (#97); A.P.B. by Toulouse (#98); Boogie Nights by Heat Wave (#99); and Hard Rock Cafe by Carole King (#100).

Disasters
The second typhoon to hit Taiwan in six days hit the northern part of the country, killing 11 people, including 5 who were crushed to death when a steel bridge support collapsed in downtown Taipei.

30 years ago
1987


Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the index of leading economic indicators had risen 0.8% in June.

Disasters
A cargo plane bound from Mexico City to Miami that was carrying 10 people and 18 prize jumping horses crashed just after takeoff, killing 1 passenger, 53 people on the ground, and all the horses.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Ain't No Doubt--Jimmy Nail (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Joe Shuster, 78
. Canadian-born U.S. cartoonist. Mr. Shuster and friend Jerry Siegel created the character Superman in 1934 and sold the rights to the character in 1938 for $130. After both men were found to be living in poverty, Warner Communications granted each of the men an annual pension of $20,000 in 1975.

Brenda Marshall, 76. Philippine-born U.S. actress. Miss Marshall, born Ardis Ankerson, appeared in movies such as The Sea Hawk (1940); Captains of the Clouds (1942); and The Constant Nymph (1943). She was married to actor William Holden from 1941-1971, and died of throat cancer.

Economics and finance
The Bank of Canada set its interest rate at 5.42%, the lowest in 19 years.

The United States Commerce Department reported that the gross domestic product had grown by only 1.4% during the second quarter of 1992.

Society
Canadian Immigration Minister Bernard Valcourt said that Canada would allow fast-track entry of up to 26,000 immigrants from the former Yugoslavia.

Olympics
The Summer Olympic Games began in Barcelona.

Hockey
A National Hockey League arbitrator ruled that Eric Lindros would play for the Philadelphia Flyers, settling a controversial trade with the Quebec Nordiques.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (3-1) 30 @ Ottawa (2-2) 25
Saskatchewan (1-3) 24 @ Hamilton (2-2) 38
British Columbia (0-4) 15 @ Winnipeg (3-1) 41
Toronto (1-3) 26 @ Calgary (4-0) 28

Tracy Ham amassed 335 yards passing on just 12 completions in 22 attempts as the Eskimos held off a late Rough Rider rally before 25,625 fans at Lansdowne Park. Mr. Ham threw touchdown passes of 80 yards to Henry “Gizmo” Williams and 3 and 59 yards to Chris Armstrong. Willie Pless scored the only Edmonton touchdown of the 2nd half, returning an interception 40 yards just 1:52 into the 3rd quarter. Ottawa quarterback Tom Burgess rushed 1 yard for a touchdown in the 1st quarter and completed touchdown passes of 8 yards to Stephen Jones and 25 yards to Robert Gordon in the 4th quarter. Mr. Williams finished with 185 yards on 4 receptions, while Mr. Armstrong caught 4 for 108. Edmonton running back Blake Ezor, playing his first CFL game replacing the departed Mike Pringle, rushed 9 times for just 15 yards, and lost a fumble.

Damon Allen completed 3 touchdown passes to Earl Winfield and rushed for a touchdown of his own to lead the Tiger-Cats past the Roughriders before 21,023 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium. Vernon Maxwell returned an interception 29 yards for the other Hamilton touchdown. Saskatchewan quarterback Kent Austin rushed for one touchdown and completed touchdown passes to Ray Elgaard and Don Narcisse.

Matt Dunigan rushed for 2 touchdowns and completed touchdown passes to Rob Crifo and Larry Thompson as the Blue Bombers beat the Lions before 23,293 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Robert Mimbs rushed 3 yards for the other Winnipeg touchdown. Jon Volpe rushed 19 times for 99 yards, including a 2-yard touchdown for B.C.

Mark McLoughlin’s 35-yard field goal with 6 seconds remaining in regulation time gave the Stampeders the victory over the Argonauts in a rematch of the 1991 Grey Cup teams. The winning score came 57 seconds after Toronto’s Lance Chomyc kicked a 30-yard field goal to put the Argonauts ahead. Calgary quarterback Doug Flutie rushed for 2 touchdowns and completed a 39-yard touchdown pass to Allen Pitts in the 1st quarter. Toronto quarterback Rickey Foggie completed touchdown passes to Paul Masotti, David Williams, and Darrell K. Smith. 31,504 attended the game at McMahon Stadium.

20 years ago
1997


Died on this date
Bảo Đại, 83
. Emperor of Vietnam, 1926-1945; Chief of State of Vietnam, 1949-1955. Bảo Đại, born Prince Nguyễn Phúc Vĩnh Thụy, succeeded his father Khải Định on the throne. He ruled under Japanese occupation in 1945, but abdicated when Japan surrendered to Allied forces. Bảo Đại returned as head of state in 1949, but moved to Paris in 1954, and was deposed in a referendum vote--widely regarded as fraudulent--in 1955. Bảo Đại spent the rest of his life in exile in France and Monaco.

Politics and government
Phil Fontaine was elected Grand Chief of the Assembly of First Nations at their convention in Ottawa, defeating incumbent Ovide Mercredi.

Crime
Statistics Canada reported that the violent crime rate in Canada had dropped for the fourth straight year, to 973 incidents per 100,000 population, including 633 murders.

Died on this date
Michelangelo Antonioni, 94
. Italian film director and screenwriter. Mr. Antonioni was known for "art house" movies such as L'Avventura (1960) and Blowup (1966). He was the only director to win the Palme d'Or, Golden Lion, Golden Bear, and Golden Leopard.

Teoctist, 92. Romanian Orthodox Church Patriarch, 1986-2007. Teoctist, born Toader Arăpașu, succeeded Iustin Moisescu as Patriarch, and was accused of collaborating with Romania's Communist regime. He resigned after the Romanian Revolution late in 1989, but was restored to office. Patriarch Teoctist promoted ecumenical dialogue, and hosted Pope John Paul II when he visited Romania in 1999.

Ingmar Bergman, 89. Swedish film director and screenwriter. Mr. Bergman was one of the most influential filmmakers in history, with such movies as The Seventh Seal (1957); Wild Strawberries (1957); and Scenes from a Marriage (1973).

Bill Walsh, 75. U.S. football coach. Mr. Walsh served as an assistant coach with several teams, but was best known as the head coach of the Stanford University Cardinal (1977-1978, 1992-1994) and San Francisco 49ers (1979-1988), where he popularized the "West Coast" offense, which favoured more passing than rushing. Mr. Walsh led the 49ers to Super Bowl championships in 1982, and 1989, compiling a National Football League record of 92-59-1. He was inducted into the Professional Football Hall of Fame in 1993, and died of leukemia.

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