Sunday, 16 July 2017

July 16, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Campbell Milton!

675 years ago

Died on this date
Charles I, 53 or 54
. King of Hungary and Croatia, 1308-1342. Charles I, a member of the Capetian House of Anjou, was first invited to Hungary in 1301 upon the death of King Andrew III, but Charles received just a provisional crown, and his position was challenged by Wenceslaus of Bohemia. Charles I was elected King in November 1308, receiving a Holy Crown in 1310. He died after a long illness, and was succeeded by Louis I.

640 years ago

Richard II was crowned King of England at Westminster.

150 years ago

Politics and government
John Sandfield Macdonald was sworn in as the first Premier of Ontario.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Bill Woodson
. U.S. actor. Mr. Woodson was mainly a voice actor, best known as the narrator of the radio series This is Your FBI (1948-1953). He also provided the introductory narration for the television comedy series The Odd Couple (1970-1975), as well as providing voices for numerous other radio and television programs. Mr. Woodson died on February 22, 2017 at the age of 99.

90 years ago

Augusto César Sandino led a raid on U.S. Marines and Nicaraguan Guardia Nacional forces who had been sent to apprehend him in the village of Ocotal. The raid was repulsed by one of the first dive-bombing attacks in history.

75 years ago

U.S. Attorney General Francis Biddle announced that 10 of the 14 accomplices of eight German saboteurs would be prosecuted as accessories after the fact. Axis forces in Egypt counter-attacked in central and northern sectors of a 35-mile line stretching from El Alamein southward to the Quattara Depression. A Soviet communique claimed that Germany had lost 900,000 men, including 350,000 killed from May 15-July 15, 1942.

The government of Vichy France ordered the mass arrest of 13,152 Jews, who were held at the Winter Velodrome in Paris before deportation to Auschwitz.

The U.S. State Department announced the closing of its consulate in Helsinki, and requested Finland to close its consulate in the United States because of the "untenable situation."

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's administrative assistant Lauchlin Currie arrived in Chungking to confer with Chinese leader Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek.

An eight-point plan for organic union of the Presbyterian Church in the United States and the Protestant Episcopal Church was announced.

Dr. Margaret Hie Ding Lin, who had practiced medicine in Foochow, China for 22 years, became the first woman admitted to the International College of Surgeons, at their meeting in Denver.

70 years ago

Politics and government
Hungarian Interior Minister Laszlo Rajk presented Parliament with a new election law containing several provisions that favoured the Communists in the coming legislative elections. The law extended the life of the Communist-dominated National Election Committee, which had the authority to decide what parties could participate in the election and which politicians could run as candidates.

A U.S. federal court in Washington, D.C. sentenced 16 members of the Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee to prison terms and fines for contempt of Congress after they refused to provide documents to the House Un-American Activities Committee.

The U.S. Governors' Conference in Salt Lake City ended with a resolution supporting a bipartisan foreign policy, but not specifically endorsing the Truman Doctrine or the Marshall Plan.

U.S. State Secretary George Marshall appeared before a House of representatives Judiciary subcommittee on immigration to urge passage of the Stratton bill, permitting 400,000 European refugees to enter the United States.

Economics and finance
France and Poland signed a four-year agreement providing for French participation in construction of Poland's hydroelectric power system.

The International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union ended a five-day strike against the Hawaiian apple industry after agreeing to continue wage negotiations.

Rocky Graziano (46-7-5) won the National Boxing Association world middleweight title with a technical knockout of defending champion Tony Zale (63-17-2) at 2:10 of the 6th round at Chicago Stadium. Mr. Graziano had been knocked down in the 3rd round, and looked like a badly-beaten fighter for most of the fight. Mr. Zale had knocked out Mr. Graziano in the 6th round the previous September to retain the title.

60 years ago

U.S. Marine Major John Glenn set a transcontinental speed record of 3 hours 23 minutes 8.4 seconds, flying a Navy FBU-IP Vought Crusader from Long Beach, California to Floyd Bennett Field in Brooklyn, New York.

Politics and government
London sources reported that Egyptian security police had arrested 12 former cabinet ministers and 70 Egyptian Army officers of the Alexandria garrison on charges of plotting to restore General Mohammed Naguib to the presidency.

The Bulgarian Communist Party announced the dismissal of Deputy Prime Minister Georgi Chankov, former Deputy Prime Minister Dobir Terpeshev, and former General Yanko Panov from the party's Central Committee and Politburo for leading "anti-party activities."

U.S. Defense Secretary Charles Wilson ordered a 100,000-man reduction in U.S. armed forces strength in order to save $200 million.

In the worst plane crash in Dutch history, a KLM airliner crashed minutes after taking off from Biak Island off Dutch New Guinea en route to Amsterdam, killing 57 passengers and crew members.

50 years ago

Died on this date
John Gleason
. U.S. policeman. Police Officer Gleason was beaten to death by a mob of Negroes, becoming the only fatality in two days of race riots in Plainfield, New Jersey.

The Monkees performed at Forest Hills Stadium in New York. It was their seventh and last concert with the Jimi Hendrix Experience as an opening act.

The U.S. lunar probe Surveyor 4 crashed on the Moon, two days after launch. The mission had been flawless until 2 1/2 minutes before landing, when telemetry was lost and not restored.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): I Feel Love--Donna Summer

#1 single in Switzerland: Yes Sir, I Can Boogie--Baccara (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Ma Baker--Boney M. (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland: Back Home--Dickie Rock (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K (BMRB): So You Win Again--Hot Chocolate (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Da Doo Ron Ron--Shaun Cassidy

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Da Doo Ron Ron--Shaun Cassidy (2nd week at #1)
2 Undercover Angel--Alan O'Day
3 Looks Like We Made It--Barry Manilow
4 I'm in You--Peter Frampton
5 Jet Airliner--Steve Miller Band
6 I Just Want to Be Your Everything--Andy Gibb
7 Margaritaville--Jimmy Buffett
8 My Heart Belongs to Me--Barbra Streisand
9 Whatcha Gonna Do?--Pablo Cruise
10 Do You Wanna Make Love--Peter McCann

Singles entering the chart were Christine Sixteen by Kiss (#62); Strawberry Letter 23 by the Brothers Johnson (#83); Star Wars (Main Title) by John Williams and the London Symphony Orchestra (#92); I Believe in Love by Kenny Loggins (#94); Love Gone By by Dan Fogelberg (#96); Hurry Sundown by the Outlaws (#97); and Devil's Gun by C.J. and Co. (#100). Star Wars (Main Title), as the title states, was from the movie.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Undercover Angel--Alan O'Day (2nd week at #1)
2 Da Doo Ron Ron--Shaun Cassidy
3 Jet Airliner--Steve Miller Band
4 Margaritaville--Jimmy Buffett
5 Got to Give it Up Pt. 1--Marvin Gaye
6 You Won't Dance with Me--April Wine
7 I'm in You--Peter Frampton
8 High School Dance--Sylvers
9 Fly at Night--Chilliwack
10 Life in the Fast Lane--Eagles

Singles entering the chart were Black Betty by Ram Jam (#95); The Doodle Song by Frankie Miller (#96); Slide by Slave (#97); Float On by the Floaters (#98); Saved by the Grace of Your Love by the Sons of Champlin (#99); and What's on My Mind by Kansas (#100).

Egyptian President Anwar Sadat announced that the U.S.S.R. had cancelled its military contracts with Egypt.

Auto Racing
Gilles Villeneuve became the first Canadian driver on the Forumla One circuit, making his debut as a member of Marlboro Team McLaren at the British Grand Prix in Silverstone, England. He finished 11th. James Hunt of the United Kingdom won the race, with Niki Lauda of Austria second and Gunnar Nilsson of Sweden third.

Mayfield Pennington (3-3) won a 10-round split decision over former world welterweight and middleweight champion Emile Griffith (85-23-2) at Commonwealth Convention Center in Louisville. Mr. Pennington was knocked down in the 6th round.

30 years ago

British Airways and British Caledonian, the United Kingdom's two biggest airlines, agreed to a merger worth £237 million.

Winnipeg (4-0) 21 @ Calgary (1-4) 14

Tom Clements threw touchdown passes of 1 yard to linebacker Tyrone Jones and 7 yards to fullback Pat Cantner as the Blue Bombers took a 21-0 lead in the 2nd quarter and held on to defeat the Stampeders before 20,053 fans at McMahon Stadium. The only Calgary touchdown came on a 7-yard pass from Rick Worman to Larry Willis with 1:43 remaining in regulation time. Winnipeg’s Willard Reaves rushed 19 times for 128 yards, while Calgary tight end Ron Wheeler led all receivers with 7 receptions for 114 yards.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Abba-esque (EP)--Erasure (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
Buck Buchanan, 51
. U.S. football player. Mr. Buchanan was a defensive tackle with the Kansas City Chiefs from 1963-1975. He was an American Football League All-Star from 1964-1969, and was a member of the Chiefs' Super Bowl championship team in 1969-70. Mr. Buchanan was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1990. He died of lung cancer.

Politics and government
U.S. Senator Al Gore of Tennessee was nominated as the Democratic party’s 1992 candidate for Vice-President of the United States at the Democratic National Convention in New York City. Meanwhile, businessman Ross Perot, running as an independent candidate for President of the United States, announced that he would not seek the presidency. He said that the Democratic party had “revitalized itself,” that his candidacy would cause the election to be thrown into the House of Representatives for resolution, and that this would be disruptive to the country.

Economics and finance
Statistics Canada reported inflation at an annual rate of 1.1% in June, the lowest since John Diefenbaker was Prime Minister in 1962.

The United States Commerce Department reported that housing starts had declined 3.2% in June.

Winnipeg (1-1) 14 @ Ottawa (2-0) 29
British Columbia (0-2) 20 @ Toronto (1-1) 61
Hamilton (0-2) 22 @ Calgary (2-0) 34

Starting quarterback Tom Burgess rushed 1 yard for a touchdown and backup quarterback Terrence Jones completed a 47-yard touchdown pass to Stephen Jones as the Rough Riders coasted to victory over the Blue Bombers before 23,594 fans at Lansdowne Park. Robert Mimbs rushed 2 yards for the only Winnipeg touchdown in the 3rd quarter. Terry Baker of the Rough Riders kicked 4 field goals, 2 converts, and a single in a game that saw no touchdowns after the 4:05 mark of the 2nd quarter.

Three Toronto quarterbacks combined to throw 5 touchdown passes as the Argonauts routed the Lions before 36,682 fans at SkyDome. Former Lion Rickey Foggie started at quarterback for Toronto and rushed for 2 touchdowns, while completing touchdown passes to Raghib “Rocket” Ismail and Mike “Pinball” Clemons. John Congemi completed touchdown passes to Mr. Ismail and Kevin Smellie, and Mike Kerrigan then threw a touchdown pass to J.P. Izquierdo. Jon Volpe rushed 5 yards for the Lions’ first touchdown in the 1st quarter, and backup quarterback Tony Kimbrough, who replaced starter Danny Barrett, completed a touchdown pass to Matt Clark in the 4th quarter. The Argonauts, who amassed 228 yards rushing in the game, outscored the Lions 35-7 in the 2nd half.

Keyvan Jenkins rushed 10 times for 75 yards and touchdowns of 7 and 17 yards to lead the Stampeders past the Tiger-Cats before 25,144 fans at McMahon Stadium. Quarterback Doug Flutie, who rushed 12 times for 73 yards, completed a 13-yard pass to Allen Pitts for the other Calgary touchdown. The Tiger-Cats scored their only touchdown in the 2nd quarter on a 9-yard pass from Damon Allen to Nick Mazzoli. Mr. Pitts led all receivers with 8 catches for 141 yards.

10 years ago

Politics and government
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Stephen Harper reached a $1.4-billion agreement with the Crees of Quebec to settle disputes over implementation of the James Bay Agreement, setting the stage for the creation of a Cree constitution, and future regional self-government for the 16,700 Crees on the east coast of James and Hudson Bays.

An earthquake of magnitude 6.8 and 6.6 aftershock occurred off the Niigata coast of Japan, killing eight people, injuring at least 800, and damaging a nuclear power plant.

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