450 years ago
James VI was crowned King of Scotland at Stirling.
125 years ago
Born on this date
William Powell. U.S. actor. Mr. Powell was one of the most popular leading men in movies in the 1930s. He was romantically teamed with Myrna Loy in 14 films, including the six movies in the Thin Man series (1934-1947). Mr. Powell was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor for The Thin Man (1934); My Man Godfrey (1936); and Life with Father (1947). He also played fictional detective Philo Vance in five films, including The Canary Murder Case (1929) and The Kennel Murder Case (1933). Mr. Powell retired from acting after Mr. Roberts (1955). In addition to his movies, Mr. Powell put his fine speaking voice to good use in radio dramas, including several episodes of Suspense. When Don Adams starred in the television comedy series Get Smart (1965-1970), he used an exaggerated imitation of Mr. Powell's voice for the voice of Maxwell Smart. Mr. Powell died on March 5, 1984 at the age of 91.
110 years ago
Sir Robert Baden-Powell set up the Brownsea Island Scout camp in Poole Harbour on the south coast of England. The camp ran from August 1 to August 9, 1907, and was regarded as the foundation of the Scouting movement.
80 years ago
The East Hopei Army attacked Japanese troops and civilians in what became known as the Tungchow Mutiny in Tongzhou, China.
75 years ago
Despite stiffening Soviet resistance, German troops continued to advance into the Caucasus south of Rostov. Yugoslavian General Draja Mikhailovich's forces captured the village of Ugrugora on the Dalmatian coast and destroyed harbour installations at Port Selekhin. The Canadian Senate passed a draft amendment permitting overseas service for conscripted men. The U.S. Navy Department created a unified command in the Aleutian Islands off Alaska to supervise joint naval and air operations. The U.S. Supreme Court heard the appeal for a writ of habeas corpus so that seven of eight German accused saboteurs could be tried in civil court rather than by a military commission.
U.S. Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization Earl Harrison reported a total of 934,100 German, Italian, and Japanese aliens had registered.
The U.S. War Production Board suspended deliveries of fuel oil for heating and cooling in 12 eastern states from August 3-September 15 in order to increase reserve stocks for winter.
Dr. Grinnell Jones of Harvard University announced in Cambridge, Massachusetts that he and Dr. Walter Juda had perfected a new fire-resistant chemical known as "F.A.M.," which could be sprayed on wood to make it virtually fireproof.
70 years ago
An Indian-owned transport plane piloted by two Britons was shot down by Dutch fighters as it flew from Singapore to Jakarta with a load of medical supplies.
Refugees from the immigrant ship Exodus 1947, returned to France by British authorities while en route to Palestine, refused to disembark from British transports at Port de Bouc.
British authorities in Palestine hanged three members of the Jewish organization Irgun Zvai who had been convicted of the May 4 raid on Acres prison, which had enabled 251 Jewish and Arab prisoners to escape.
The U.S.S.R. cast its 11th veto in the United Nations Security Council when it rejected a UN resolution to establish a two-year frontiers commission for the Balkans.
Economics and finance
The U.S.S.R. announced the signing of a trade and credit agreement with Yugoslavia.
Mrs. Elizabeth Ingalls, convicted of enslaving her Negro maid Dora Jones, was fined $2,500 and ordered to pay $6,000 in damages to Ms. Jones.
The Evangelical Lutheran Synod of Missouri and Ohio, meeting in Chicago, passed a resolution calling for unity with the American Lutheran Church.
60 years ago
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): (Let Me Be Your) Teddy Bear/Loving You--Elvis Presley (Best Seller--4th week at #1; Top 100--3rd week at #1); (Let Me Be Your) Teddy Bear--Elvis Presley (Disc Jockey--1st week at #1)
On television tonight
Tonight, on NBC
This broadcast marked Jack Paar's first appearance as host.
Politics and government
Tunisian President Habib Bourguiba announced the formation of a new cabinet, which would not be responsible to the National Assembly.
Robert Anderson took office as U.S. Secretary of the Treasury in the administration of President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
U.S. President Eisenhower signed a bill completing U.S. ratification of the International Atomic Energy Agency, officially bringing the organization into existence.
12 leading American scientists warned that stratospheric fallout from nuclear tests tended to concentrate in Northern Hemispheric zones located beneath the high-altitude jet stream.
Economics and finance
The U.S.S.R. and Yugoslavia signed a $250-million aid agreement in Moscow.
Acting upon the recommendation of the special cabinet committee on oil imports, U.S. President Eisenhower urged major oil-importing companies to cut imports voluntarily by 10% of their 1954-56 averages.
Floyd Patterson (32-1) defended his world heavyweight title for the first time, scoring a technical knockout of Tommy "Hurricane" Jackson (29-6-1) at 1:52 of the 10th round at the Polo Grounds in New York. Mr. Patterson had defeated Archie Moore on November 30, 1956 to win the title vacated by the retirement of Rocky Marciano.
50 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): All You Need is Love/Baby, You're a Rich Man--The Beatles
#1 single in France: Adios Amor--Sheila
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): La coppia più bella del mondo--Adriano Celentano (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Meine Liebe zu dir--Roy Black
#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): All You Need is Love--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): All You Need is Love--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Light My Fire--The Doors
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Can't Take My Eyes Off You--Frankie Valli (2nd week at #1)
2 Light My Fire--The Doors
3 Windy--The Association
4 Up-Up and Away--The 5th Dimension
5 Come on Down to My Boat--Every Mother's Son
6 I was Made to Love Her--Stevie Wonder
7 Little Bit o' Soul--The Music Explosion
8 A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum
9 C'mon Marianne--The 4 Seasons
10 San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)--Scott McKenzie
Singles entering the chart were All You Need is Love (#27)/Baby, You're a Rich Man (#90) by the Beatles; Fakin' It by Simon and Garfunkel (#76); You're My Everything by the Temptations (#78); Run, Run, Run by the Third Rail (#86); A Thousand Shadows by the Seeds (#88); It's a Happening World by the Tokens (#92); Crying Like a Baby by the Jive Five (#94); Some Kind of Wonderful by the Soul Brothers Six (#96); My Heart Cries for You by Connie Francis (#99); and It Could Be We're in Love by the Cryan' Shames (#100).
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 White Rabbit--Jefferson Airplane
2 Light My Fire--The Doors
3 Up-Up and Away--The 5th Dimension
4 San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)--Scott McKenzie
5 A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum
6 Windy--The Association
7 Can't Take My Eyes Off You--Frankie Valli
8 C'mon Marianne--The 4 Seasons
9 I was Made to Love Her--Stevie Wonder
10 Mercy, Mercy, Mercy--The Buckinghams
Singles entering the chart were All You Need is Love by the Beatles (#49); Baby I Love You by Aretha Franklin (#63); It's a Happening World by the Tokens (#73); Glory of Love by Otis Redding (#83); Cry Softly Lonely One by Roy Orbison (#87); Happy by the Blades of Grass (#90); Don't You Miss Me a Little Bit Baby by Jimmy Ruffin (#91); Shoot Your Shot by Jr. Walkres & the All-Stars (#92); The Look of Love by Dusty Springfield (#94); I'll Never Find Another You by Sonny James (#95); Slippin' and Slidin' by Willie Mitchell (#96); Lonesome Road by the Wonder Who (#97); Penny Arcade by the Cyrkle (#98); Heaven and Hell by the Easybeats (#99); and A Thousand Shadows by the Seeds (#100).
Vancouver's top 10 (CFUN)
1 All You Need is Love/Baby, You're a Rich Man--The Beatles
2 White Rabbit--Jefferson Airplane
3 I was Made to Love Her--Stevie Wonder
4 A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum
5 The Flower Children--Marcia Strassman
6 Sunny Goodge Street--Tom Northcott
7 Pleasant Valley Sunday/Words--The Monkees
8 Brown Eyed Girl--Van Morrison
9 Don't Go Out Into the Rain (You're Going to Melt)--Herman's Hermits
10 Jackson--Nancy Sinatra and Lee Hazlewood
Singles entering the chart were (I Wanna) Testify by the Parliaments (#37); Good Times by Eric Burdon & the Animals (#41); Fakin' It by Simon and Garfunkel (#43); Let the Good Times Roll & Feel So Good by Bunny Sigler (#47); Thank the Lord for the Night Time by Neil Diamond (#48); Things I Should Have Said by the Grass Roots (#49); and I Take What I Want by James & Bobby Purify (#50).
Vancouver's top 10 (CKLG)
1 White Rabbit--Jefferson Airplane
2 I was Made to Love Her--Stevie Wonder
3 All You Need is Love/Baby, You're a Rich Man--The Beatles
4 Sunny Goodge Street--Tom Northcott
5 Brown Eyed Girl--Van Morrison
6 Light My Fire--The Doors
7 Carrie-Anne--The Hollies
8 Ding! Dong! The Witch is Dead--The Fifth Estate
9 Pictures of Lily--The Who
10 My World Fell Down--Sagittarius
Singles entering the chart were Thank the Lord for the Night Time by Neil Diamond (#23); Fakin' It by Simon and Garfunkel (#24); Good Times/San Franciscan Nights by Eric Burdon & the Animals (#28); Baby I Love You by Aretha Franklin (#29); and To Love Somebody by the Bee Gees.
The U.S. Navy supercarrier USS Forrestal caught fire off the coast of North Vietnam, killing 134 and injuring 161 in the worst U.S. naval disaster since World War II.
During the fourth day of celebrating its 400th anniversary, the city of Caracas was shaken by an earthquake, leaving approximately 500 dead.
40 years ago
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Ma Baker--Boney M. (3rd week at #1)
Died on ths date
Emanuel Jaques, 12. Portuguese-born Canadian murder victim. Master Emanuel, the son of Portuguese immigrants, was working as a shoeshine boy on Yonge Street in Toronto when he was lured into an apartment with the promise of money for help in moving photographic equipment. He was then tortured and sexually abused by four sodomites before being strangled and drowned in a kitchen sink. One of the killers turned himself in several days later; Emanuel's body was found on the roof of the building where he was killed, and the other killers were arrested at Sioux Lookout, Ontario as they were travelling westward by train. Details of the crime shocked Toronto and the rest of Canada.
30 years ago
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): It's a Sin--Pet Shop Boys
25 years ago
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Abba-esque--Erasure (6th week at #1)
Died on this date
Michel "Bunny" Larocque, 40. Canadian hockey goaltender. Mr. Larocque played with the Montreal Canadiens (1973-81); Toronto Maple Leafs (1981-83); Philadelphia Flyers (1983); and St. Louis Blues (1983-84), compiling a record of 160-89-45 with a goals against average of 3.33 and 17 shutouts in 312 regular season games and 6-6 with a GAA of 2.92 and 1 shutout in 14 playoff games. He backed up Ken Dryden for five seasons in Montreal, sharing four Vezina Trophies and playing with four Stanley Cup championship teams from 1976-79. Mr. Larocque led the National Hockey League with a GAA of 2.09 in 1976-77, playing in 26 games. He usually played against weaker teams when backing up Mr. Dryden, which partially explained his excellent GAA. Mr. Larocque died of brain cancer.
General Lewis Mackenzie's Canadian United Nations peacekeepers handed over Sarajevo Airport to a French relief force; the 800 Canadians returned to their base in Croatia.
A United Nations delegation concluded two days of inspections of the offices of Iraq’s agriculture ministry and reported that they had found nothing to document the production of weapons.
Former U.S. Defense Secretary Clark Clifford and associate Robert Altman were indicted on charges that they had misled banking regulators about Bank of Credit & Commerce International’s control of First American Bankshares Inc., the largest bank in Washington, D.C. From 1982-1991 Messrs. Clifford and Altman had been top executives with First American. The U.S. Federal Reserve Board announced that it had filed a civil suit against Messrs. Clifford and Altman, and Manhattan District Attorney Robert Morgenthau announced that the two men had been indicted for conspiracy and bribery and other charges. Mr. Morgenthau also filed a civil suit against Messrs. Clifford and Altman, announced indictments against four top BCCI officials, and stated that BCCI had defrauded depositors of $5 billion.
10 years ago
Died on this date
Michel Serrault, 79. French actor. Mr. Serrault appeared in more than 150 movies, including Les Diaboliques (1954) and La Cage aux folles (1978), in a career spanning more than 50 years.
Tom Snyder 71. U.S. broadcaster. Mr. Snyder was best known as host of the television talk shows Tomorrow (1973-1982) and The Late Late Show (1995-1999). He died of leukemia.
Jim Furyk won the Canadian Open for the second straight year, with a 16-under-par score of 268, 1 stroke ahead of Vijay Singh, at Angus Glen Golf Club (North Course) in Markham, Ontario. First prize money was $900,000.
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