Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Sveta!
375 years ago
The Treaty of Ripon was signed, restoring peace between Scotland and King Charles I of England. The issue was whether episcopacy--favoured by the Crown--or presbyterianism--favoured by the Scottish Covenanters--would be the form of church government.
240 years ago
King George III of Great Britain went before Parliament to declare the American colonies in rebellion, and authorized a military response to quell the American Revolution.
190 years ago
The Erie Canal opened, connecting Lake Erie and the Hudson River in upstate New York.
120 years ago
Osgoode Hall 5 @ Queen's College 21 (Queen's College won 2-game, total points series 36-20)
Hamilton 15 @ University of Toronto 14 (University of Toronto won 2-game, total points series 30-27)
110 years ago
Sweden accepted the independence of Norway.
80 years ago
Hamilton (4-2) 10 @ Ottawa (2-4) 3
Montreal (0-6) 12 @ Toronto (6-0) 18
Rogers Hornsby drove in 3 runs as a team of American League all-stars defeated the Negro League champion Pittsburgh Crawfords 11-7 in the second in a series of exhibition games in Mexico City.
75 years ago
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Only Forever--Bing Crosby (2nd week at #1)
Reports from Tokyo indicated that Japan was willing to make concessions to the U.S.S.R. in order to remove Soviet pressure from the Far East.
The Italian government of Duce Benito Mussolini accused Grece of sponsoring armed attacks on the Albanian border and terrorist plots in Porto Edda. French Prime Minister Marshal Henri Petain announced the Vichy regime's support, in principle, of German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler's aims in a European peace. Meanwhile, Marchal Petain's Vice-President of the Council of Ministers, Pierre Laval, met with Italian Foreign Minister Count Ciano at Vichy to discuss Mr. Hitler's "Pan-European bloc" and plans to force the United Kingdom to make peace.
The North American Aviation P-51 Mustang fighter plane made its maiden flight.
The government of India announced a ban on the publication of any statements opposing the British war effort.
Hamilton (1-3) 12 @ Montreal (1-3) 7
Ottawa (3-1) 9 @ Toronto (3-1) 11
Hank Greenberg of the Detroit Tigers was named the Most Valuable Player in the American League for 1940. Cleveland Indians’ pitcher Bob Feller was second in the voting.
70 years ago
At the movies
Pursuit to Algiers, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, opened in theatres.
British Indian troops repelled a heavy attack by Annamese forces on Saigon.
The Association of Colleges and Universities of New York asked U.S. President Harry Truman for selective service deferment for science and engineering students to alleviate shortages.
60 years ago
#1 single in France (IFOP): Les Lavandières du Portugal--Jacqueline François (4th week at #1)
After the last Allied troops had left the country and following the provisions of the Austrian Independence Treaty, Austria declared her permanent neutrality.
Politics and government
Ngô Đình Diệm declared himself Premier of South Vietnam.
50 years ago
On television tonight
The Fugitive, starring David Janssen, on ABC
Tonight's episode: All the Scared Rabbits, with guest stars Suzanne Pleshette, R.G. Armstrong, and Liam Sullivan
Died on this date
Sylvia Likens, 16. U.S. murder victim. Miss Likens and her sister Jenny were the daughters of carnival workers in Indiana who were left by their parents to board with Gertrude Baniszewski in Indianapolis for several months. Miss Likens was tortured to death by Ms. Baniszewski, Ms. Baniszewski's children, and other young people in the neighbourhood until she was finally beaten to death.
The Organization of African States Conference concluded in the Ghanaian capital of Accra. The conference had been boycotted by seven French-speaking nations because Ghanaian President Kwame Nkrumah was aiding subversives in their countries.
Politics and government
Horace King became the first Speaker of the British House of Commons to come from the Labour Party, succeeding the late Sir Harry Hylton-Foster.
40 years ago
Died on this date
Elbridge "Al" Bryant, 36. U.S. singer. Mr. Bryant was a founding member of the Elgins in 1960, who soon changed their name to the Temptations before joining the Motown corporation. A volatile personality and a drinking problem led to Mr. Bryant being fired from the group late in 1963; he performed with several other Detroit-based groups in later years, but eventually drank himself to death.
Egyptian President Anwar Sadat began a 10-day visit to the United States to seek economic and military assistance, becoming the first Egyptian President to visit the U.S.A.
Politics and government
The Tanganyika Africa National Union (Tanganyika) and Afro-Shirazi Party (Zanzibar) combined to win all 223 seats in the National Assembly in the Tanzanian general election.
Calgary (5-10) 20 @ Montreal (9-6) 26
Winnipeg (6-7-2) 41 @ Edmonton (11-4) 48
Sonny Wade completed 11 of 18 passes for 169 yards and 2 touchdowns to Johnny Rodgers as the Alouettes came back from a 17-0 halftime deficit to defeat the Stampeders before 21,760 fans at Autostade. Calgary quarterback Joe Pisarcik threw touchdown passes to Henry Sovio in the 1st quarter and Willie Burden in the 2nd quarter. Cyril McFall converted both Calgary TDs and added 2 field goals, including one in the 4th quarter that gave the Stampeders a 20-18 lead. Steve Ferrughelli scored the other Montreal touchdown on a 4-yard rush with 1:08 remaining in the 3rd quarter. Mr. Wade connected with Peter Dalla Riva and Joe Petty for 2-point converts on the first and third Montreal touchdowns, respectively, while Mr. Dalla Riva was stopped just short of the goal line on a 2-point convert attempt after Mr. Ferrughelli's TD. The winning touchdown pass, covering 13 yards, came with 6:10 remaining in the game. Mr. Rodgers rushed 3 times for 35 yards, caught 2 passes for 50 yards, and returned 5 punts for 53 yards. He also had a 109-yard punt return TD early in the game called back on a penalty. Montreal defensive back Dickie Harris returned 4 punts for 118 yards--including a return of 78 yards--and 3 kickoffs for 101 yards, including a 45-yard return to set up the winning touchdown. Mr. Burden rushed for 103 yards on 22 carries, caught 1 pass for 35 yards and a touchdown, and returned a kickoff 23 yards.
The Eskimos made just 12 first downs, but scored 3 touchdowns on special teams and another on defense as they held on to defeat the Blue Bombers before 25,367 fans in a snowstorm at Clarke Stadium to clinch first place in the Western Football Conference for the third straight year. The teams combined to score 32 points in the 2nd quarter and 40 in the 3rd quarter, but none in the 4th quarter. Edmonton defensive back Larry Highbaugh returned the opening kickoff 109 yards for a touchdown, and teammate Mike Fink returned another punt 58 yards for a TD less than 6 minutes later. Mr. Highbaugh returned a missed field goal 116 yards for a touchdown in the 3rd quarter, and defensive end Bill Stevenson, playing just his second CFL game, returned a fumble 30 yards for a touchdown 37 seconds into the 2nd half. Tom Wilkinson started at quarterback for the Eskimos and connected with George McGowan for a 53-yard touchdown 28 seconds into the 2nd quarter. Mr. Wilkinson soon suffered a broken nose and was relieved by Bruce Lemmerman, who completed an 80-yard touchdown pass to John Konihowski later in the quarter. Dave Cutler added 6 converts and 2 field goals to give him 157 points for the season, breaking the league record set by Tommy-Joe Coffey of the Hamilton Tiger-Cat in 1969. Mr. Cutler's field goals gave him 36 for the season, tying the league record set a year earlier by Gerry Organ of the Ottawa Rough Riders. Winnipeg quarterback Dieter Brock had the best game of his career so far, completing 23 of 48 passed for 407 yards and touchdowns to Pete Ribbins, Mark McDonald, Jim Washington, and Bob LaRose. Mr. LaRose had his best game of the season, catching 10 passes for 219 yards, with a pair of 2-point converts to go with his touchdown. Mr. McDonald caught 5 passes for 93 yards. Mr. Washington rushed 10 times for 45 yards, including a 3-yard touchdown on the last play of the 1st half. Don Layton, playing his first CFL game, led the Edmonton ground game with 41 yards on 7 carries. Mr. McGowan caught 3 passes for 100 yards and Mr. Konihowski caught 2 for 95. It was also the first CFL game for Edmonton guard Solomon Freelon and Winnipeg defensive back Marion Reeves. Many of the Blue Bombers wore jerseys and helmets borrowed from the University of Alberta, after the visitors' locker room had been robbed the night before the game.
San Francisco (2-4) 16 @ New England (2-4) 24
Baltimore (2-4) 45 @ New York Jets (2-4) 28
Dallas (5-1) 20 @ Philadelphia (1-5) 17
Cincinnati (6-0) 21 @ Atlanta (2-4) 14
Washington (4-2) 23 @ Cleveland (0-6) 7
Denver (3-3) 13 @ Kansas City (3-3) 26
Pittsburgh (5-1) 16 Green Bay (1-5) 13 @ Milwaukee
Detroit (3-3) 8 @ Houston (5-1) 24
Miami (5-1) 35 @ Buffalo (4-2) 30
San Diego (0-6) 0 @ Oakland (4-2) 25
New Orleans (1-5) 14 @ Los Angeles (5-1) 38
30 years ago
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Into the Groove--Madonna (9th week at #1)
#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Only Love--Nana Mouskouri
#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Ticket to the Tropics--Gerard Joling
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): The Power of Love--Jennifer Rush (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K.: The Power of Love--Jennifer Rush (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Saving All My Love for You--Whitney Houston
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Take On Me--A-Ha (2nd week at #1)
2 Money for Nothing--Dire Straits
3 Part-Time Lover--Stevie Wonder
4 Miami Vice Theme--Jan Hammer
5 Saving All My Love for You--Whitney Houston
6 Oh Sheila--Ready for the World
7 Head Over Heels--Tears for Fears
8 Cherish--Kool & The Gang
9 I’m Goin’ Down--Bruce Springsteen
10 Fortress Around Your Heart--Sting
Singles entering the chart were Election Day by Arcadia (#42); Wrap Her Up by Elton John (#48); Do it for Love by Sheena Easton (#71); Emergency by Kool & The Gang (#76); You're a Friend of Mine by Clarence Clemons and Jackson Browne (#82); Charm the Snake by Christopher Cross (#85); Too Young by Jack Wagner (#87); Everybody Dance by Ta Mara and The Seen (#88); Home Sweet Home by Motley Crue (#89); and Shock by the Motels (#90).
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Money for Nothing--Dire Straits
2 Cherish--Kool & The Gang
3 Part-Time Lover--Stevie Wonder
4 Miami Vice Theme--Jan Hammer
5 Dancing in the Street--Mick Jagger and David Bowie
6 Take on Me--A-Ha
7 Lonely Ol' Night--John Cougar Mellencamp
8 I Got You Babe--UB40 with Chrissie Hynde
9 St. Elmo’s Fire (Man in Motion)--John Parr
10 Boy in the Box--Corey Hart
Singles entering the chart were Situation Critical by Platinum Blonde (#77); Tarzan Boy by Baltimora (#81); Broken Wings by Mr. Mister (#93); Live is Life by Opus (#94); and Lover Come Back to Me by Dead or Alive (#96).
The day after Argentine President Raul Alfonsin ordered new warrants for the arrest of 12 people suspected in a recent wave of bombings, a judge ordered six of the arrested suspects released because of insufficient evidence.
The Australian government returned ownership of Uluru--aka Ayers Rock--in Northern Territory to the local Pitjantjatjara Aborigines.
Hamilton (7-8) 36 @ Ottawa (7-8) 4
The Tiger-Cats made 6 interceptions off Rough Rider quarterbacks J.C. Watts and Troy Bodine, one of which was returned 34 yards for a touchdown by Mark Streeter early in the 3rd quarter. The interceptions--including 2 each by Paul Bennett and Less Browne, and 1 by Donovan Rose--gave Hamilton a CFL single-season record of 45. The Hamilton defense also recorded 9 sacks against the Ottawa quarterbacks. Paul Bennett scored the first touchdown of the game on a 99-yard punt return in the 1st quarter; he was already the CFL’s career leader in punt return yardage, but this was the only touchdown he ever scored on a punt return. Hamilton’s offensive touchdowns came on passes of 12 and 9 yards from Ken Hobart to Steve Stapler. Bernie Ruoff added 4 converts, 2 field goals, and 2 singles. Dean Dorsey kicked a 9-yard field goal early in the 2nd quarter to get the Rough Riders on the scoreboard, and Ken Clark finished the scoring with a 49-yard punt single in the 4th quarter. Johnny Shepherd of the Tiger-Cats led all rushers with 20 carries for 87 yards, while Lester Brown led the Rough Riders with 71 yards on 16 carries. Ottawa slotback Mike Hudson led all receivers with 71 yards on 5 receptions. 23,692 were in attendance at Lansdowne Park.
St. Louis Cardinals 1 @ Kansas City Royals 2 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)
A disputed play at first base began a 2-run rally in the bottom of the 9th inning that enabled the Royals to defeat the Cardinals before 41,628 fans at Royals Stadium. Pinch hitter Jorge Orta led off with a ground ball and appeared to be out at first base, but first base umpire Don Denkinger called him safe, prompting a furious protest by the Cardinals. The next batter, Steve Balboni, hit a foul pop fly that St. Louis first baseman Jack Clark lost sight of. Mr. Balboni then singled Mr. Orta to second base. St. Louis catcher Darrell Porter allowed a passed ball, moving the runners to second and third bases. Pinch hitter Hal McRae was intentionally walked to load the bases. Pinch hitter Dane Iorg singled with 1 out, driving in 2 runs to win the game. Charlie Leibrandt started on the mound for the Royals and pitched 7 2/3 innings before giving way to Dan Quisenberry, who was credited with the win. Danny Cox started for the Cardinals and pitched 7 innings. Ken Dayley pitched the 8th and Todd Worrell, who entered the game to pitch the 9th, took the loss.
25 years ago
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): I've Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat
A report published by the Israeli commission investigating the October 8 shooting of Palestinian demonstrators by Israeli police at Jerusalem’s Temple Mount criticized Israeli commanders for not having prepared for the possibility of trouble. The commission blamed the tragedy on the Palestinians who had "deviated from the intended purpose of the holy place," even though it acknowledged that the Jewish Temple Mount Faithful worshippers, who had declared their intention to raze the Dome of the Rock--a Muslim holy site--had long since fled the scene before police opened fire. The report was attacked by critics as a whitewash.
20 years ago
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Lucky Love--Ace of Base
Died on this date
Fathi Shaqaqi, 44. Palestinian terrorist leader. Mr. Shaqaqi, co-founder and Secretary-General of Islamic Jihad, was assassinated in front of the Diplomat Hotel in Sliema, Malta by two gunmen with the Israeli intelligence agency Mossad.
Edmonton (13-5) 25 @ Memphis (9-9) 14
The Eskimos scored 2 touchdowns in the 4th quarter to clinch their victory over the Mad Dogs before 12,078 fans at Liberty Bowl Memorial Stadium, eliminating Memphis from playoff contention. Edmonton led 11-8 after 3 quarters, with the only touchdown coming on a 7-yard pass from Chris Vargas to Chris George with 29 seconds left in the 1st half. For Mr. George, it was the only touchdown of his brief CFL career. In the 4th quarter, Mr. Vargas pitched out to receiver Eddie Brown, who threw downfield to Jim Sandusky for a 78-yard touchdown. Mr. Vargas later passed 2 yards to Marc Tobert for the game's final touchdown. Nick Mystrom kicked 4 field goals and 2 singles for the Mad Dogs. Gerry Collins, in his first game as an Eskimo after being released by the Ottawa Rough Riders, rushed 12 times for 54 yards, caught 4 passes for 11 yards, and returned 3 kickoffs for 37 yards. It was the last CFL game ever played in Memphis, and the last game ever played by the Mad Dogs.
Atlanta Braves 4 @ Cleveland Indians 5 (Atlanta led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Albert Belle hit a 2-run home run in the 1st inning, and Jim Thome hit a solo homer in the 8th to provide the winning margin as the Indians held off a 2-run 9th-inning rally to defeat the Braves before 43,595 fans at Jacobs Field. Orel Hershiser allowed 5 hits and 2 runs--1 earned--in 8 innings to win the pitchers' duel over Greg Maddux, who allowed 7 hits and 4 runs--all earned--in 7 innings,
10 years ago
Chicago White Sox 1 @ Houston Astros 0 (Chicago won best-of-seven series 4-0)
Freddy Garcia and three relief pitchers combined for a 5-hitter as the White Sox edged the Astros before 42,936 fans at Minute Maid Park to win the World Series for the first time since 1917. Houston starting pitcher Brandon Backe allowed 5 hits and no runs through 7 innings, striking out 7, but was relieved by Brad Lidge to start the 8th. Pinch hitter Willie Harris singled and eventually scored on a 2-out single by Jermaine Dye. In the bottom of the 9th, Bobby Jenks took the mound for Chicago and allowed a leadoff single by Jason Lane, who advanced to second base on a sacrifice bunt by Brad Ausmus. Chicago shortstop Juan Uribe then fell into the stands to catch a pop fly by pinch hitter Chris Burke, and pinch hitter Orlando Palmeiro grounded out to shortstop to end the series. Mr. Garcia allowed 4 hits and 3 bases on balls in 7 innings to get the win, striking out 7. Mr. Dye, who batted .438 with a home run and 3 runs batted in in the four games, was named the series' Most Valuable Player.
Images of snowshoes now on Flickr - Snowshoes distribute a person’s weight over snow, enabling one to walk without sinking too deeply. Traditional snowshoes are made with wooden frames and le...
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