Friday, 30 October 2015

October 30, 2015

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Angie Buan!

675 years ago
1340


War
Portuguese forces commanded by King Afonso IV and Castilian forces commanded by King Alfonso XI halted a Marinid invasion led by Sultan Abu al-Hasan 'Ali of Morocco and Yusuf I of Granada at the Battle of Río Salado.

530 years ago
1485

Britannica

Henry VII, the first King of England from the House of Tudor, was crowned at Westminster.

200 years ago
1815


Born on this date
Don José Manuel Gallegos
. Mexican-born U.S. politician. Mr. Gallegos was born in Nuevo México when it was still Mexican territory, and in 1853 became the first Democrat to be elected as a delegate to the United States Congress from the Territory of New Mexico, serbing until 1857. He held various positions in New Mexico's territorial government before returning to the House of Representatives as a delegate from 1871-1873. Mr. Gallegos died on April 21, 1875 at the age of 59.

175 years ago
1840


Politics and government
Voting began in the U.S. presidential election. Incumbent President and Democratic party candidate Martin Van Buren was being challenged by Whig party candidate William Henry Harrison and Liberty party candidate J.G. Birney. The voting went state-by-state, and didn't conclude until December 2.

110 years ago
1905


Law
Czar Nicholas II of Russia granted Russia's first constitution, creating a legislative assembly.

100 years ago
1915


Born on this date
Fred W. Friendly
. U.S. journalist. Mr. Friendly, born Ferdinand Friendly Wachenheimer, produced the CBS radio news program Hear it Now and television news programs See it Now and CBS Reports in the 1950s. He was president of CBS News from 1964-1966. Mr. Friendly died on March 3, 1998 at the age of 82.

Jane Randolph. U.S. actress. Miss Randolph, born Jane Roemer, appeared in such movies as Cat People (1942); The Curse of the Cat People (1944); Jealousy (1945); Railroaded! (1947); and Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein (1948). She died on May 4, 2009 at the age of 93.

Died on this date
Charles Tupper, 94
. Prime Minister of Canada, 1896. Sir Charles was the most prominent Father of Confederation to come from Nova Scotia. He was a physician who served as the first president of the Canadian Medical Association in the 1870s. As a politician, he was a Conservative who was Premier of Nova Scotia from 1864-1867 and held various cabinet posts in the government of Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald before serving as Canada's High Commissioner in London from 1883-1896. With the Conservative government of Prime Minister Sir Mackenzie Bowell in serious trouble in 1896, Sir Charles was summoned back to Canada. He was elected to the House of Commons in a by-election and took office as Prime Minister on May 1, leading the Conservatives in the federal election campaign. The Liberals, led by Wilfrid Laurier, won a majority of seats in the House of Commons, and Sir Charles handed over the reigns of power on July 8. His 69-day reign as Prime Minister remains the shortest in Canadian history. Sir Charles remained in the House as Leader of the Opposition from 1896-1900; he resigned from the House of Commons in 1901 and returned to England. Sir Charles was the last Father of Confederation to die, and had the longest lifespan (so far) of any Canadian Prime Minister.

Football
IRFU
Toronto (2-2) 10 @ Montreal (0-4) 0
Hamilton (4-0) 19 @ Ottawa (2-2) 6

ORFU
Hamilton (2-2) 20 @ Toronto (2-2) 13

90 years ago
1925


Television
John Logie Baird created Britain's first television transmitter.

75 years ago
1940


At the movies
One Night in the Tropics, starring Allan Jones, Nancy Kelly, Bud Abbott, and Lou Costello, received its premiere screening in Mr. Costello's hometown of Paterson, New Jersey. It was the first movie for the comedy team of Abbott and Costello.

War
The Greek government claimed that the Italian advance into Greece had made little progress, but Italy announced the capture of the town of Breznica, opening the main route to Salonika on the Aegean Sea. Greek Prime Minister John Metaxas said that British aid had been better than expected, with U.K. marines landing in Greece, the British fleet mining the coast, and Royal Air Force pilots reportedly landing in northern Greece.

Diplomacy
German Ambassador to Turkey Franz von Papen suddenly left Ankara for Berlin after a long conversation with Turkish Prime Minister Dr. Refik Saydam.

Defense
The U.S. draft lottery in Washington ended at 5:47 A.M. after 17 1/2 hours of drawing numbers. A fire of unknown origin destroyed the top floor of the four-storey U.S. War Department building in Washington, but Army code books and other secret records were saved.

Politics and government
Republican Party U.S. presidential candidate Wendell Willkie predicted that if Franklin D. Roosevelt were re-elected five days hence, "on the basis of past performance with pledges to the people, you may expect war by April 1941." Replying in a speech in Boston, President Roosevelt promised, "Your boys are not going to be sent into any foreign wars." Democratic Party U.S. vice presidential candidate told an American Labor Party rally in New York that "millions of Americans know from personal observation that there is Nazi propaganda and Nazi pressure for the election of the Republican candidate." World heavyweight boxing champion Joe Louis urged the election of Mr. Willkie because he "will help my people," presumably referring to Negroes.

Economics and finance
Brazil was reported to have banned the export of beef because of a meat shortage in Rio de Janeiro due to a long drought and large beef exports to Europe.

Harvey Gibson, chairman of the New York World's Fair board of directors, announced that 3,000 bondholders would receive 39.2 cents on the dollar.

Labour
It was revealed that carpenters must pay an $80 union "initiation fee" to work at Fort Dix, New Jersey, a $75 fee at Fort Edwards, Massachusetts, and $55 at Fort Meade, Maryland, with no refunds in case of dismissal.

70 years ago
1945


Diplomacy
The Allied Far Eastern Advisory Commission assembled in Washington. The U.S.S.R. refused to join unless the U.S.A. agreed to share occupation of Japan with other Allied powers.

U.S. Secretary of State James Byrnes announced full U.S. recognition of the Venezuelan government of provisional President Romulo Betancourt.

Politics and government
Supreme Court Chief Justice Jose Linhares was sworn in as President of Brazil and appointed a new cabinet.

In its plan submitted to the U.S. Senate Military Affairs Committee, the War Department called for the merger of the Armed Forces into one agency under a cabinet-level secretary.

Energy
The U.S. House of Representatives Military Affairs Committee approved a bill establishing a strong atomic energy commission.

Economics and finance
The U.S. House of Representatives approved the $5.9-billion tax reduction bill. A House committee supported congressional appropriations of $550 million for the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration.

Labour
In an executive order amending his August 18, 1945 policy statement, U.S. President Harry Truman recommended higher wages in order for workers to catch up with the cost of living.

Baseball
Jackie Robinson of the Kansas City Monarchs of the Negro American League signed a contract with the Brooklyn Dodgers, breaking the colur barrier.

60 years ago
1955


On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Into Thin Air, starring Patricia Hitchcock, Geoffrey Toone, and Alan Napier

Football
ORFU
Sarnia (6-6) 27 @ Toronto (1-11) 0

Ross Dowswell scored 3 touchdowns and Jean Cadieux added another TD as the Imperials shut out Balmy Beach. Dutch Davey added 3 converts and 4 singles. It was the final game for Toronto halfback Uly Curtis, who had starred with the Toronto Argonauts from 1950-1954 before joining Balmy Beach in 1955.

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Que Sera, Sera (Whatever Will Be, Will Be)/Shakin' All Over--Normie Rowe (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Mes Mains Sur Tes Hanches--Salvatore Adamo (10th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): La danza di Zorba--Mikis Theodorakis (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): (I Can't Get No) Satisfaction--The Rolling Stones (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): This Strange Effect--Dave Berry (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Tears--Ken Dodd (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Yesterday--The Beatles (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Yesterday--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)
2 Get Off My Cloud--The Rolling Stones
3 A Lover's Concerto--The Toys
4 Treat Her Right--Roy Head and the Traits
5 Keep on Dancing--The Gentrys
6 Everybody Loves a Clown--Gary Lewis and the Playboys
7 You're the One--The Vogues
8 Just a Little Bit Better--Herman's Hermits
9 Positively 4th Street--Bob Dylan
10 1-2-3--Len Barry

Singles entering the chart were I Will by Dean Martin (#66); I'm a Man by the Yardbirds (#78); (All of a Sudden) My Heart Sings by Mel Carter (#81); Let Me Be by the Turtles (#83); Kiss Away by Ronnie Dove (#86); England Swings by Roger Miller (#88); Mystic Eyes by Them (#89); Il Silenzio by Nini Rosso (#97); Should I by Chad & Jeremy (#100); and One Has My Name (The Other Has My Heart) by Barry Young (also #100).

Died on this date
Arthur M. Schlesinger, Sr., 77
. U.S. historian. Dr. Schlesinger taught at Harvard University for several decades, where he was a pioneer in the study of social history and urban history. His books included The Rise of the City, 1878-1898 (1933). Dr. Schlesinger's son Arthur, Jr. became a more famous historian.

Popular culture
English model Jean Shrimpton caused a global sensation by wearing a daring white minidress to Derby Day at Flemington Racecourse in Melbourne, Australia.

War
Near Da Nang, South Vietnam, United States Marines repelled an intense attack by Viet Cong forces, killing 56 guerrillas.

Football
CFL
Montreal (5-9) 16 @ Ottawa (7-7) 8
Saskatchewan (8-7-1) 15 @ Edmonton (5-11) 12

Pat Batten scored 2 touchdowns and a single to lead the Alouettes over the Rough Riders at Lansdowne Park. Gene Gaines, normally a defensive back, replaced the injured Bo Scott on offense and scored the only Ottawa touchdown on a 28-yard pass from Russ Jackson.

George Reed rushed for 114 yards to help the Roughriders defeat the Eskimos before 14,000 fans at Clarke Stadium. Mr. Reed finished the season with 1,768 yards rushing, 26 yards short of the league record set by Earl Lunsford of the Calgary Stampeders in 1961. Saskatchewan flanker Hugh Campbell finished the season with 73 pass receptions for a Western Football Conference-record 1,329 yards, while Edmonton's Tommy-Joe Coffey tied his team and WFC single-season record of 81 receptions, equalling his 1964 total. He finished with 1,286 yards receiving in 1965. Jim Thomas, who was awarded a steer at halftime for winning the Canada Packers fan vote as the team's most popular player in 1965, scored the Edmonton touchdown, with Mr. Coffey adding a convert and a field goal. Randy Kerbow and Al Ecuyer added singles for the Eskimos. For Mr. Ecuyer, it was the final game of his seven-year Eskimo career; he was traded to the Toronto Argonauts in the off-season with defensive back Mike Wicklum for defensive back John Wydareny. Among others ending their Eskimo careers with this game was quarterback Don Getty, who had come out of retirement in mid-season to help the team when Bill Redell was injured. Defensive back Oscar Kruger ended his 12-year career, leaving as the CFL's career leader in interceptions with 46. It was also the final game in an Edmonton uniform for centre Bill Mitchell, who had come to the team as part of the trade for Jackie Parker in 1963, and taught mathematics at Ross Sheppard High School in Edmonton when he wasn't playing football.

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Rhinestone Cowboy--Glen Campbell (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Gustav Ludwig Hertz, 88
. German physicist. Dr. Hertz and fellow German James Franck were awarded the 1925 Nobel Prize in Physics "for their discovery of the laws governing the impact of an electron upon an atom." Dr. Hertz defected to the U.S.S.R. at the end of World War II and spent the last 20 years of his life in East Germany.

Journalism
The New York Daily News ran the headline Ford to City: Drop Dead, a day after U.S. President Gerald R. Ford said he would veto any proposed federal bailout of New York City.

30 years ago
1985


Died on this date
Kirby Grant, 73
. U.S. actor. Mr. Grant, born Kirby Grant Hoon, Jr., appeared in "B" movies and starred in the television series Sky King (1951-1959). He was killed in a car accident while on his way to Cape Canaveral, Florida to watch the launch of the U.S. space shuttle Challenger.

Space
The U.S. space shuttle Challenger lifted off from Cape Canaveral, Florida to begin the seven-day mission STS-61-A. The eight-member crew was led by Commander Henry Hartsfield.

Terrorism
Three Russian diplomats kidnapped in Beirut by the Islamic Liberation Organization a month earlier were freed unharmed. A fourth diplomat who had been kidnappedat the same time had been found slain on October 2. The ILO said that the Russians had been kidnapped to pressure Syria--an ally of the U.S.S.R.--to seek an end to fighting in Tripoli, Lebanon, between Muslim fundamentalists and Lebanese militiamen backed by Syria. A truce had ended the fighting in early October.

Economics and finance
The Dow Jones Industrial Average hit a record high of 1375.57.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Shut Up (And Sleep with Me)--Sin With Sebastian (5th week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Until I Hear it from You--Gin Blossoms (6th week at #1)
2 Back for Good--Take That
3 I Wish You Well--Tom Cochrane
4 Side of the Road--Blue Rodeo
5 Kiss from a Rose--Seal
6 This--Rod Stewart
7 I'm Shattered--Barney Bentall
8 You Oughta Know--Alanis Morisette
9 Only Wanna Be with You--Hootie & the Blowfish
10 I Could Fall in Love--Selena

Singles entering the chart were Rock Steady by Bonnie Raitt with Bryan Adams (#88); Lump by the Presidents of the United States of America (#94); Lock and Load by Bob Seger (#95); Geek Stink Breath by Green Day (#96); Blessing by Elton John (#97); When Love & Hate Collide by Def Leppard (#98); One of Us by Joan Osborne (#99); and Breakin' Down by Susan Aglukark (#100).

Politics and government
In their second referendum on sovereignty, Quebec electors narrowly voted by a margin of 50.58%-49.42% to remain a province of Canada.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Al López, 97
. U.S. baseball player and manager. Mr. López was a catcher with the Brooklyn Robins and Dodgers (1928, 1930-1935); Boston Bees (1936-1940); Pittsburgh Pirates (1940-1946); and Cleveland Indians (1947), batting .261 with 51 home runs and 652 runs batted in in 1,950 games. His 1,918 games as a catcher was the major league career record until it was broken by Bob Boone in 1987. He managed the Cleveland Indians (1951-1956) and Chicago White Sox (1957-1965, 1968, 1969), compiling a record of 1,410-1,004 (.584). The 1954 Indians and 1959 White Sox were the only teams other than the New York Yankees to win the American League pennant from 1949-1964. Mr. López was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1977.

Football
CFL
Calgary (10-7) 46 @ Winnipeg (5-13) 24

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