Tuesday, 27 October 2015

October 27, 2015

220 years ago
1795


Diplomacy
The United States and Spain signed the Treaty of Madrid, which established the boundaries between Spanish colonies and the U.S.A.

125 years ago
1890


Baseball
World Series
Louisville Colonels 9 @ Brooklyn Bridegrooms 8 (Brooklyn led best-six-of-ten series 3-2-1)

The Colonels edged the Bridegrooms before just 600 fans at Washington Park. Scott Stratton started on the mound for the Colonels and was the winning pitcher, with relief help from Red Ehret. Adonis Terry pitched a complete game for the Bridegrooms.

80 years ago
1935


Baseball
In Mexico City, a team of American League all-stars defeated the Negro League champion Pittsburgh Crawfords 7-2 in the third in a series of exhibition games. Rogers Hornsby drove in 3 runs off losing pitcher Bert Hunter.

75 years ago
1940


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: The Red-Headed League

Politics and government
General Juan Andrew Almazon, in exile in New York, declared that he would take the presidency of Mexico by December 1, 1940.

Economics and finance
The New York Times reported that 150 industrial companies had increased earnings by 31.9% in the first nine months of 1940 from the same period in 1939.

70 years ago
1945


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Till the End of Time--Perry Como (7th week at #1)

Politics and government
The Dutch government ordered Netherlands East Indies acting Governor General Hubertus van Mook to begin negotiations with Indonesian independence leaders.

Defense
In Navy Day ceremonies in New York City, U.S. President Harry Truman commissioned the 45,000-ton aircraft carrier Roosevelt, and stated that U.S. military strength would be used to maintain world peace, establish "peaceful, democratic governments" in the former Axis countries, and ensure equal access for all countries to "the trade and raw materials of the world."

Economics and finance
U.S. Congressional conferees agreed on a tax reduction bill of $5.9 billion, repealing the excess profits tax and the automobile use tax, and reducing corporate and individual income taxes.

Labour
General Motors asked the Congress of Industrial Organizations to join in petitioning the United States Congress to extend the work week from 40-45 hours, assuring a general wage increase of 6%.

Agriculture
British politician Sir John Boyd Orr was elected director general of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, meeting in Quebec City.

Football
IRFU
Toronto (5-1) 31 @ Montreal (1-5) 6
Ottawa (5-1) 16 @ Hamilton (1-5) 0

Royal Copeland set an Interprovincial Rugby Football Union record for a single game with 4 touchdown receptions as the Argonauts routed the Hornets at Molson Stadium. It was the last game for the Montreal club under that name; they became the Alouettes in 1946, and played their home games at Royals Stadium from 1946-1953.

60 years ago
1955


At the movies
Rebel Without a Cause, starring James Dean, Natalie Wood, and Sal Mineo, opened in theatres, 27 days after Mr. Dean's death in a car accident.

Football
WIFU
Directors of the British Columbia Lions voted 13-10 to fire head coach Annis Stukus, despite the improvement in the team's record from 1-15 in its inaugural season in 1954 to 5-11 in 1955. His three-year contract was due to expire on December 15, 1955.

50 years ago
1965


Football
CFL
Winnipeg (11-5) 22 @ Calgary (11-4) 0

Art Perkins scored 2 touchdowns and Farrell Funston added another as the Blue Bombers blanked the Stampeders before 22,266 fans at McMahon Stadium, handing the Stampeders their first shutout since 1956. Norm Winton converted all 3 touchdowns.

Baseball
The St. Louis Cardinals traded first baseman Bill White, shortstop Dick Groat, and catcher Bob Uecker to the Philadelphia Phillies for pitcher Art Mahaffey, outfielder Alex Johnson, and catcher Pat Corrales. Mr. White batted .289 with 24 home runs and 73 runs batted in in 148 games with the Cardinals in 1965, and was awarded a Gold Glove for his fielding for the sixth straight season. Mr. Groat hit .254 with no homers and 52 RBIs in 153 games, while Mr. Uecker hit .228 with 2 homers and 10 RBIs in 53 games. Mr. Mahaffey was 2-5 with an earned run average of 6.21 in 22 games with the Phillies in 1965, while Mr. Johnson batted .294 with 8 home runs and 28 RBIs in 97 games, and Mr. Corrales hit .224 with 2 home runs and 15 runs batted in in 63 games with Philadelphia and .188 with no homers and 4 RBIs in 28 games with Arkansas of the AAA Pacific Coast League.

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): I Do, I Do, I Do, I Do, I Do--ABBA (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Ichigo Hakusho wo Mou Ichido--Bang Bang

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Bella Sin Alma--Richard Cocciante (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Rex Stout, 88
. U.S. author. Mr. Stout was best known for creating the detective Rex Stout, the main character in 33 novels and 40 novellas published from 1934-1975.

Robert Poulin, 18. Canadian murderer; Kim Rabot, 17. Canadian murder victim. Mr. Poulin, a student at St. Pius X Catholic High School in Ottawa, raped Miss Rabot, a fellow student and acquaintance, tying her to the bedpost in his bedroom in his family home, and then stabbed her to death. He then set fire to the home, but only the basement was burned. Mr. Poulin, a member of the militia, then took a sawed-off shotgun to school and opened fire on a crowded religion class. Six students were wounded, and one, Mark Hough, 18, died a month later. Mr. Poulin then went into the hallway and shot himself to death. It was the second school shooting in Canada in 1975; Michael Slobodian had shot and killed two people before shooting himself at Brampton Centennial Secondary School in Brampton, Ontario on May 28.

Football
NFL
Minnesota (6-0) 13 @ Chicago (1-5) 9

25 years ago
1985


Crime
Five gunmen robbed the Marmottan Museum in Paris, stealing nine Impressionist paintings valued at US$12.5 million. The paintings included Claude Monet's Impression Sunrise and Pierre Auguste Renoir's Bathers.

Labour
United Automobile Workers in the United States ratified an agreement with Chrysler Corporation that provided for wage increases and a lump-sum payment from 2-3% through 1987.

Football
CFL
Montreal (7-8) 17 @ Toronto (5-10) 3
British Columbia (12-3) 42 @ Edmonton (10-5) 29

The Concordes scored 2 touchdowns in the last 2 minutes and 46 seconds of the game to defeat the Argonauts and eliminate them from playoff contention. Roy Kurtz kicked a 37-yard field goal for Montreal in the 1st quarter, while Hank Ilesic punted for singles in each of the first 3 quarters. The Argonauts had chances to score, but a 27-yard field goal attempt by Lance Chomyc was blocked in the 2nd quarter, and a few minutes later, Toronto quarterback Condredge Holloway marched the team from their own 24-yard line to the Montreal 19, but Greg Holmes fumbled after catching a pass, and the Concordes recovered. Turner Gill, who replaced Joe Barnes at quarterback after the starter left with an ankle injury in the 2nd quarter, drove the Concordes downfield and handed off to Tony Johns for a 7-yard touchdown run, converted by Mr. Kurtz, with 2:46 remaining, for the game’s first touchdown. The Argonauts came up short on a third-down gamble, and Montreal put the game away with a 60-yard touchdown rush by Alan Reid, converted by Mr. Kurtz, with 56 seconds remaining. It was a successful debut for Gary Durchik, who had taken over as head coach of the Concordes a few days earlier when general manager Joe Galat had fired head coach Joe Galat. Mr. Reid led all rushers with 90 yards on 12 carries, while Mr. Johns rushed 8 times for 46 yards and caught 8 passes for 79. Walter Bender led the Argonauts with 50 yards on 11 carries. Terry Greer caught 5 passes for 106 yards and passed Dick Shatto to become the Argonauts’ career leader with 6,713 yards receiving. Mr. Greer’s last reception of the game was the 400th of his CFL career. Mr. Gill completed 21 of 30 passes for 176 yards, while Mr. Barnes was 5 for 10 for 59 yards. Mr. Holloway was 19 for 33 for 251 yards. 28,837 were in attendance at Exhibition Stadium.

Roy Dewalt threw touchdown passes to Merv Fernandez and Jim Sandusky in the last 7½ minutes of the 4th quarter as the Lions eliminated the Eskimos from contention for first place in the Western Division before 48,193 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Mr. Dewalt, playing one of the best games of his career, completed touchdown passes of 36 and 20 yards to Mr. Fernandez in the 1st quarter and another of 13 yards to John Pankratz in the 2nd quarter as the Lions built a 28-7 halftime lead. The Eskimos drew first blood on a 38-yard touchdown pass from Matt Dunigan to Chris Woods, converted by Tom Dixon, at 9:57 of the 1st quarter. The Lions then took control, scoring 14 points in each of the first 2 quarters. The 2nd quarter belonged to Lui Passaglia: he scored a single; rushed 68 yards on a fake punt to set up Mr. Pankratz’s touchdown; converted the touchdown; kicked a 42-yard field goal with 2:07 remaining until halftime; and kicked another 42-yard field goal with 2 seconds left. The Eskimos came to life in the 2nd half; Mr. Dunigan rushed 7 yards for a touchdown at 6:45 of the 3rd quarter, and Mr. Dixon converted and punted for a single to make the score 28-15 after 3 quarters. Mr. Dunigan then connected with Brian Kelly for a 12-yard touchdown pass at 1:13 of the 4th quarter, and followed with a 13-yard touchdown pass to Milson Jones at 3:40. Mr. Dixon converted both, giving the Eskimos a 29-28 lead. However, Mr. Dewalt completed a 10-yard touchdown pass to Mr. Fernandez, converted by Mr. Passaglia, at 7:40, and put the game away with a 68-yard touchdown pass to Mr. Sandusky, converted by Mr. Passaglia, at 12:17. Mr. Dewalt completed 21 of 32 passes for 302 yards and 5 touchdowns; Mr. Dunigan was 19 for 34 for 246 yards and 3 touchdowns. Mr. Fernandez, who became only the second visiting player to catch 3 touchdown passes in a game at Commonwealth Stadium (Eugene Goodlow of the Winnipeg Blue Bombers did it in 1982), caught 6 passes for 124 yards; Mr. Sandusky caught 4 for 100. Mr. Woods led the Eskimos with 6 catches for 92 yards, while Mr. Kelly caught 6 for 83. Mr. Dunigan led all rushers with 83 yards on 11 carries; Mr. Passaglia and John Henry White each had 68 yards rushing for the Lions, although it took Mr. White 16 carries to reach that total. Keyvan Jenkins, the Lions’ leading rusher, left early in the game with a season-ending knee injury after carrying 3 times for 4 yards, and finished the season with 964 yards.

Baseball
World Series
St. Louis Cardinals 0 @ Kansas City Royals 11 (Kansas City won best-of-seven series 4-3)

The Royals scored 2 runs in the 2nd inning, 3 in the 3rd, and 6 in the 5th, and Bret Saberhagen pitched a 5-hitter for his second complete game victory of the World Series as the Royals routed the Cardinals before 41,658 fans at Royals Stadium to win the first World Series in the team’s history. St. Louis ace John Tudor lasted just 2 1/3 innings, and was succeeded by 6 relief pitchers. Daryl Motley hit the game’s only home run, with a man on base.

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Bust a Move--Young MC

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Easy come, easy go!--B'z (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Scandalo--Gianna Nannini (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): I Can't Stand It--Twenty 4 Seven (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Verdammt, ich lieb' dich--Matthias Reim

#1 single in France (SNEP): Kingston Town--UB40 (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Verdammt, ich lieb' dich--Matthias Reim (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): A Little Time--The Beautiful South

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Black Cat--Janet Jackson

U.S. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Don’t Have the Heart--James Ingram
2 Black Cat--Janet Jackson
3 Ice Ice Baby--Vanilla Ice
4 Praying for Time--George Michael
5 Suicide Blonde--INXS
6 Giving You the Benefit--Pebbles
7 Everybody Everybody--Black Box
8 Love Takes Time--Mariah Carey
9 Can’t Stop--After 7
10 Close to You--Maxi Priest

Singles entering the chart were Freedom by George Michael (#50); Wherever Would I Be by Cheap Trick (#75); Fairweather Friend by John Gill (#80); So Hard by Pet Shop Boys (#85); Love is the Ritual by Styx (#88); and For You by Outfield (#90).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Praying for Time--George Michael
2 Something Happened on the Way to Heaven--Phil Collins
3 Suicide Blonde--INXS
4 Heart of Stone--Taylor Dayne
5 More than Words Can Say--Alias
6 Close to You--Maxi Priest
7 Unchained Melody--The Righteous Brothers
8 Say a Prayer--Breathe
9 Release Me--Wilson Phillips
10 Oh Girl--Paul Young

Singles entering the chart were The Time of Day by Gino Vannelli (#54); Miracle by Jon Bon Jovi (#69); Impulsive by Wilson Phillips (#81); I'm Your Baby Tonight by Whitney Houston (#85); Show Me Heaven by Maria McKee (#86); Unbelievable by Bob Dylan (#89); Cherry Pie by Warrant (#91); Celebrate Love by Myles Hunter (#92); Love Thing by Sue Medley (#95); Tear it Up by Michael McDonald (#96); and Ice Ice Baby by Vanilla Ice (#98). Show Me Heaven was from the movie Days of Thunder (1990).

Died on this date
Xavier Cugat, 90
. Spanish-born U.S. bandleader. Mr. Cugat, born Francisco de Asís Javier Cugat Mingall de Bru y Deulofeu, moved to Cuba with his family at the age of 5 and to the United States at the age of 15. He led the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel's orchestra in New York City for 16 years, covering the time before and after World War II.

Sophie of Hohenberg, 89. Austrian princess. Princess Sophie was the only daughter of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohengerg, whose assassinations triggered World War I.

Elliott Roosevelt, 80. U.S. military officer. Brigadier General Roosevelt was the fourth child and third son of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt. He served in teh United States Army Air Corps in World War II, rising to the rank of Brigadier General and becoming a pilot despite poor eyesight. Brig. Gen. Roosevelt was involved in numerous scandals, but was never charged with anything.

Ugo Tognazzi, 68. Italian actor. Mr. Tognazzi appeared in such movies as Barbarella (1968) and La Cage aux Folles (1978).

Jacques Demy, 59. French film director. Mr. Demy's movies included Lola (1961); Les Parapluies de Cherbourg (1964); and Les Demoiselles de Rochefort (1967). Mr. Demy died of AIDS.

Economics and finance
The United States Senate voted 54-45 and the House of Representatives 228-200 to approve a bill designed to reduce deficits by nearly $500 billion over five years. A majority of Republican members of both houses opposed the bill, but President George Bush said he would sign it. Under the bill, the top tax rate would rise from 28%-31%, and exemptions for upper-income Americans would be phased out. The gasoline tax would jump from 9 cents per gallon to 14c, and the cigarette tax would rise from 16c-24c per pack. The tax on a six-pack of beer would double to 32c. A luxury tax would be imposed on aircraft, cars, boats, furs, and jewellery.

Environment
The United States Congress passed the 1990 Clean Air Act, a comprehensive updating of the original Clean Air Act of 1970. The bill, which President George Bush said he would sign, set an oerall annual level of emissions of sulfur dioxide from power plants at less than half of current emissions, with a target date of 2000. In another effort to eliminate acid rain, nitrogen oxide emissions would be cut by 1/3. Oil companies would be required to develop new types of gasoline that burn more cleanly, and cities would have to reduce concentration of ozone, a component of smog. The bill would halt production of chemicals that threatened the earth's ozone shield.

Football
CFL
Calgary (10-6-1) 54 @ British Columbia (5-11-1) 29

Danny Barrett threw 4 touchdown passes in the 1st half as the Stampeders jumped out to a 39-10 lead after just 5 minutes and 6 seconds of the 2nd quarter, and coasted from there. Derrick Crawford caught 2 of Mr. Barrett's touchdown strikes and caught another touchdown pass from backup quarterback Rick Worman in the 4th quarter. David McCrary returned an interception 17 yards for a Calgary touchdown in the 1st quarter, and Tony Cherry rushed 1 yard for another Calgary touchdown on the last play of the 3rd quarter. Mark McLoughlin added 7 converts, a field goal, and 2 singles. Lorenzo Graham rushed for 2 B.C. touchdowns, while third-string quarterback Major Harris completed a 15-yard pass to Tony Hunter with 1:02 remaining in the game for his first CFL touchdown pass. Tony Martino added a convert, 3 field goals, and a single. The Lions were unsuccessful on 2-point convert attempts on their last 2 touchdowns. Mr. Barrett completed 12 of 22 passes for 268 yards; Mr. Worman was 3 for 3 for 57 yards, and Terrence Jones was 3 for 4 for 32. B.C. quarterbacks Doug Flutie, Joe Paopao, and Mr. Harris combined to complete 17 of 39 passes for 278 yards. B.C.'s Jay Christensen led all receivers with 6 receptions for 139 yards. Mr. Crawford led the Stampeders with 110 yards on 4 receptions, while PeeWee Smith caught 3 for 90 and Mr. Pitts caught 5 for 67. 22,668 were in attendance at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V.

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V.

Diplomacy
Latvia applied for membership in the European Union.

Scandal
Former Italian Prime Minister Bettino Craxi was convicted in absentia of corruption.

Football
CFL
Calgary (15-3) 22 @ Toronto (4-14) 31

Kent Austin threw touchdown passes to Rob Crifo and Paul Masotti and handed off to Mike "Pinball" Clemons for another TD as the Argonauts upset the Stampeders before a National Unity Night crowd of 23,196 at SkyDome. Mr. Masotti caught 10 passes for 244 yards, and it was his 45-yard touchdown reception late in the game that clinched the victory for Toronto. Calgary quarterback Shawn Moore completed touchdown passes to PeeWee Smith and Vince Danielsen. For Toronto's Bob O'Billovich, the game was his last as a head coach in the CFL, and it was Mr. Austin's last game in a Toronto uniform.

10 years ago
2005


Protest
Riots began in Paris after the deaths of two Muslim teenagers.

Law
White House counsel Harriet Miers withdrew her nomination to the Supreme Court of the United States after three weeks of criticism from fellow conservatives.

Medicine
Surgeons in France performed the world's first partial face transplant on a woman who had been mauled by a dog.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (4-13) 11 @ Toronto (11-6) 34

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