Friday, 16 October 2015

October 16, 2015

1,325 years ago
690


Politics and government
Empress Wu Zetian ascended to the throne of the Tang dynasty and proclaimed herself ruler of the Chinese Empire.

325 years ago
1690


War
William Phips arrived at Quebec with 37 ships and 2,200 men, and asked for French forces to surrender; Count Frontenac, with a garrison of 3,000, refused.

200 years ago
1815


Born on this date
Francis Lubbock
. U.S. politician. Mr. Lubbock, a Democrat, was Lieutenant Governor of Texas from 1857-1859 and Governor of texas from 1861-1863. The city of Lubbock, Texas is named after him. Mr. Lubbock died on June 22, 1905 at the age of 89.

175 years ago
1840


Born on this date
Kuroda Kiyotaka
. Prime Minister of Japan, 1888-1889. Count Kuroda held several cabinet posts before and after serving as Prime Minister. He died of a brain hemorrhage on August 23, 1900 at the age of 59.

130 years ago
1885

Baseball

World Series
Chicago White Stockings 4 @ St. Louis Browns 7 (Seven-game series tied 1-1-1)

The Browns scored 5 runs in the bottom of the 1st inning as they defeated the White Stockings before 3,000 fans at Sportsman’s Park. The White Stockings didn’t help their own cause, making 12 errors. Bob Caruthers of the Browns and John Clarkson of the White Stockings each pitched complete games.

125 years ago
1890


Born on this date
Maria Goretti
. Italian Roman Catholic saint. Miss Goretti was murdered at the age of 11 on July 6, 1902 after refusing the sexual advances of Alessandro Serenelli, who lived in the same house. Mr. Serenelli eventually repented and became a lay brother in a monastery. Miss Goretti was canonized by Pope Pius XII on June 24, 1950.

Michael Collins. Irish politician. Mr. Collins was a leader of the Irish revolution for independence from the United Kingdom. He held various positions with the Irish Republican Army and government. He was Chairman of the Provisional Government from January 1922 until his assassination at the age of 31 in an ambush on August 22, 1922.

110 years ago
1905


Asiatica
The Partition of Bengal in India took place.

100 years ago
1915


Football
IRFU
Hamilton (2-0) 17 @ Toronto (0-2) 5
Ottawa (2-0) 20 @ Montreal (0-2) 5

ORFU
Toronto (2-0) 10 @ Hamilton (0-2) 8

75 years ago
1940


Abominations
The Warsaw Ghetto was established.

70 years ago
1945


Agriculture
The first United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization conference of 29 countries opened in Quebec City, meeting until November 1.

60 years ago
1955


On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Triggers in Leash, starring Gene Barry, Darren McGavin, and Ellen Corby

Died on this date
Bobby Peterson, 13; Tony Schuessler, 13; John Schuessler, 11
. U.S. murder victims. The three boys from Chicago were picked up by a stranger, who then strangled them and dumped their naked bodies in a ditch on the city's northwest side, where they were discovered two days later. It wasn't until 1995 that a stable owner named Ken Hanson was convicted of the murders. The story of the murders and trial was told in the book Shattered Sense of Innocence: The 1955 Murders of Three Chicago Children by Richard C. Lindberg and Gloria Jean Sykes (2006).

Winnipegana
Winnipeg Arena opened, at a cost of $2 million. It had 9,116 seats, with 2,100 standing room spaces and room for 3,200 seats on the floor. Speakers at the opening ceremony were Manitoba Premier Douglas Campbell; Toronto Maple Leafs' president Conn Smythe; Montreal Canadiens' president Frank Selke; Western Hockey League president Al Leader; and Winnipeg Enterprises president Culver Riley. The Arena replaced Winnipeg Amphitheatre, which had opened in 1908.

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Que Sera, Sera (Whatever Will Be, Will Be)/Shakin' All Over--Normie Rowe (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Mes Mains Sur Tes Hanches--Salvatore Adamo (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): La danza di Zorba--Mikis Theodorakis (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Wooly Bully--Sam The Sham and the Pharaohs (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): (I Can't Get No) Satisfaction--The Rolling Stones (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Tears--Ken Dodd (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Yesterday--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Yesterday--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)
2 Hang on Sloopy--The McCoys
3 Treat Her Right--Roy Head and the Traits
4 The "In" Crowd--The Ramsey Lewis Trio
5 A Lover's Concerto--The Toys
6 Get Off My Cloud--The Rolling Stones
7 You've Got Your Troubles--The Fortunes
8 Do You Believe in Magic?--Lovin' Spoonful
9 I'm Yours--Elvis Presley
10 Just a Little Bit Better--Herman's Hermits

Singles entering the chart were My Girl has Gone by the Miracles (#72); Where Do You Go by Cher (#82); Sinner Man by Trini Lopez (#86); I Believe I'll Love On by Jackie Wilson (#88); Don't Talk to Strangers by the Beau Brummels (#91); Looking with My Eyes by Dionne Warwick (#92); I Have Dreamed by Chad & Jeremy (#97); So Long Babe by Nancy Sinatra (#99); If You Gotta Go, Go Now by Manfed Mann (#100); The Organ Grinder's Swing by Jimmy Smith with Kenny Burrell and Grady Tate (also #100); and Pied Piper by Changin' Times (also #100). Sinner Man was from the movie Marriage on the Rocks (1965).

Music
The Beatles were at EMI Studios in London, where they recorded the songs Day Tripper and If I Needed Someone.

Diplomacy
The Commonwealth of Nations admitted Singapore as its 22nd member.

Protest
Three days of street fighting began in the Dominican Republic's capital of Santo Domingo.

Football
CFL
Montreal (4-8) 21 @ Toronto (2-10) 24
Edmonton (5-9) 19 @ Calgary (11-3) 28

On Dick Shatto day before 18,693 fans at CNE Stadium, the Toronto halfback, playing the last home game of his 12-year Hall of Fame career, rushed for 110 yards and scored the go-ahead touchdown on a 1-yard run, and caught 2 passes as the Argonauts defeated the Alouettes.

Lovell Coleman rushed 17 times for 96 yards, while Herm Harrison, Bobby Taylor, and Ted Woods scored touchdowns for the Stampeders as they beat the Eskimos before 21,476 fans at McMahon Stadium. Jim Fauver scored the lone Edmonton touchdown; Tommy-Joe Coffey converted and kicked 4 field goals.

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Hold Me Close--David Essex (2nd week at #1)

Abominations
The Balibo Five, a group of Australian-based television journalists based in the town of Balibo in the then Portuguese Timor (now East Timor), were killed by Indonesian troops.

Diplomacy
Arab League foreign ministers concluded two days of talks in Cairo in an attempt to stop fighting between Christians and Muslims in Lebanon. More than 400 people had already been killed in Beirut.

World events
The International Court of Justice ruled that there were historical legal ties of allegiance between "some, but only some" Sahrawi tribes in Spanish Sahara and the Sultan of Morocco, as well as ties including some rights relating to the land between Mauritania and other Sahrawi tribes. However, the ICJ stated also that there were no ties of territorial sovereignty between the territory and Morocco, or Mauritania, at the time of Spanish colonization, and that these contacts were not extensive enough to support either country's demand for annexation of the Spanish Sahara. Instead, the court argued, the indigenous population (the Sahrawis) were the owners of the land, and thus possessed the right of self-determination. King Hassan II of Morocco then called for a peaceful mass march of 350,000 people into Spanish Sahara.

Politics and government
The Australian coalition opposition parties, using their Senate majority, voted to defer the decision to grant supply of funds for the government of Prime Minister Gough Whitlam's annual budget, sparking the 1975 Australian constitutional crisis.

Health
Rahima Banu, a 2-year-old girl from the village of Kuralia in Bangladesh, became the last known person to be infected with naturally occurring smallpox.

Baseball
World Series
Boston Red Sox 2 @ Cincinnati Reds 6 (Cincinnati led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Tony Perez hit 2 home runs to lead the Reds over the Red Sox before 56,393 fans at Riverfront Stadium. Don Gullett allowed 5 hits in 8 2/3 innings to get the win over Reggie Cleveland, who allowed 7 hits and 5 runs--all earned--in 5+ innings. Mr. Cleveland, a native of Swift Current, Saskatchewan, became the first Canadian starting pitcher in a World Series game.

30 years ago
1985


Politics and government
The Republican Party, led by defense Minister Giovanni Spadolini, withdrew from Italy’s governing coalition. Mr. Spadolini objected to the fact that Muhammad Abbas, suspected of being the mastermind behind the recent hijacking of the Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro, had been permitted by Prime Minister Bettino Craxi to fly from Italy to Yugoslavia.

Diplomacy
U.S. Senator Paul Laxalt (Republican--Nevada), a close friend and adviser to President Ronald Reagan, arrived in the Philippines at Mr. Reagan’s behest to urge Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos to institute some political and economic reforms.

Defense
A report issued by the U.S. Senate Armed Services Committee recommended the abolition of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, asserting that interservice rivalries forced the secretary of defense to deal with competing pressures from services when preparing budgets and planning military actions. The report proposed that the joint chiefs be replaced by a Joint Military Advisory Council consisting of military officers near retirement age who would not command their individual services.

Labour
United Automobile Workers in the U.S.A. and Canada began a strike against Chrysler Corporation. 70,000 workers in the U.S. and 10,000 in Canada walked off the job. Negotiations on a new contract had been under way for two months.

Economics and finance
The National and Mercantile Banks merged into the National Bank of Canada.

The U.S. Federal Reserve Board reported that industrial production had fallen a seasonally-adjusted 0.1% in September, and had risen only 1.1% in the previous 12 months.

Baseball
National League Championship Series
St. Louis 7 @ Los Angeles 5 (St. Louis won best-of-seven series 4-2)

Jack Clark’s 3-run home run with 2 out in the top of the 9th inning gave the Cardinals their win over the Dodgers before 55,208 fans at Dodger Stadium. The Dodgers led 4-1 after 6 innings, but the Cardinals scored 3 in the 7th to tie the game and knock Los Angeles starting pitcher Orel Hershiser out of the box. Mike Marshall hit a solo home run in the bottom of the 8th off Todd Worrell to give the Dodgers a 5-4 lead, but when the Cardinals put runners on second and third bases with 2 out in the 9th, Dodger manager Tom Lasorda elected to have Tom Niedenfuer pitch to Mr. Clark. Ken Dayley retired the Dodgers in the bottom of the 9th for his second save of the Series. Bill Madlock hit a home run for the Dodgers, his third in as many games. Joaquin Andujar started on the mound for the Cardinals and left after 6 innings.

American League Championship Series
Kansas City 6 @ Toronto 2 (Kansas City won best-of-seven series 4-3)

Jim Sundberg’s wind-blown triple broke open a 2-1 game and helped the Royals defeat the Blue Jays before 32,084 fans at Exhibition Stadium, coming back to win the last 3 games. Bret Saberhagen was the starting pitcher for the Royals, but lasted just 3 innings. Charlie Leibrandt pitched 5 1/3 innings to get his first win of the series after 2 losses. Toronto starter Dave Steib pitched 5 2/3 innings and took the loss. Pat Sheridan of the Royals hit the game’s only home run, his 2nd of the Series.

25 years ago
1990


Died on this date
Art Blakey, 71
. U.S. musician. Mr. Blakey was a jazz drummer who became known for his work with the big bands of Fletcher Henderson and Billy Eckstine before leading his own band known as the Jazz Messengers. He became a Muslim and eventually changed his name to Abdullah Ibn Buhaina. Mr. Blakey was inducted into the Jazz Hall of Fame in 1982. He died of lung cancer five days after his 71st birthday.

Economics and finance
Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev presented his proposals for economic reforms to the Duma. The proposals included the selling of state property to private individuals; the lifting of price controls; and the transfer of many economic decisions to the 15 republics. Some sectors, including transportation, communications, defense industries, energy, banking, and foreign trade would remain under the control of the central government. Mr. Gorbachev dropped the 500-day timetable for accomplishing the goals of the plan.

Baseball
World Series
Oakland Athletics 0 @ Cincinnati Reds 7 (Cincinnati led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Eric Davis hit a 2-run home run off Dave Stewart in the bottom of the 1st inning, and that proved to be enough as the Cincinnati Reds shocked the Oakland Athletics 7-0 before 55,830 fans at Riverfront Stadium. The Reds scored 2 more runs off Mr. Stewart in the 3rd inning and added 3 runs in the 5th. Winning pitcher Jose Rijo pitched 7 innings, relieved by Rob Dibble and Randy Myers.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Shut Up (And Sleep with Me)--Sin With Sebastian (3rd week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Until I Hear it from You--Gin Blossoms (4th week at #1)
2 I Wish You Well--Tom Cochrane
3 Only Wanna Be with You--Hootie & the Blowfish
4 Kiss from a Rose--Seal
5 This--Rod Stewart
6 You Oughta Know--Alanis Morisette
7 Roll to Me--Del Amitri
8 Not Enough--Van Halen
9 Saviour--Colin James
10 I Will Remember You--Sarah McLauchlan

Singles entering the chart were A Girl Like You by Edwyn Collins (#97); My Friends by Red Hot Chili Peppers (#98); If I were You by k.d. lang (#99); and Cry Love by John Hiatt (#100).

Politics and government
Bill Smith, who had suffered a narrow defeat in 1992, won the Edmonton mayoral election, unseating incumbent Jan Reimer, who had been in office since 1989. The result wasn't confirmed until the wee hours of the following day. Another high-profile candidate, businessman Jack Ramsey, finished a distant third. 18-year-old Brad Checknita captured 4% of the vote, twice that of alderman Lance White.

Protest
At least 400,000 Negro men gathered in Washington for the "Million Man March" led by Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan. At the same time, Negro women organized a National Day of Absence for those who were unable to attend the event in Washington.

Transportation
The Skye Bridge opened in Scotland, connecting the Isle of Skye to the island of Eilean Bàn.

Football
CFL
The Edmonton Eskimos signed running back Gerry Collins, several weeks after he had been released by the Ottawa Rough Riders. Mr. Collins had rushed for 526 yards in 9 games with Ottawa in 1994, including a 123-yard game in Edmonton. In 6 games with the Rough Riders in 1995, Mr. Collins had rushed for 123 yards, caught 11 passes for 80 yards, and returned 14 kickoffs for 251 yards.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Ursula Howells, 83
. U.K. actress. Miss Howells, the daughter of composer Herbert Howells, appeared in numerous movies and television programs.

Len Dresslar, 80. U.S. actor and singer. Mr. Dresslar was best known for providing the voice of the Jolly Green Giant in television commercials. He was a jazz singer who recorded with the group Singers Unlimited.

Eugene Gordon Lee, 71. U.S. actor. Mr. Lee played Porky in 42 Our Gang short films from 1935-1939. He originated the catchphrase "O-tay!" He died nine days before his 72nd birthday.

Football
British Columbia (11-4) 44 @ Montreal (9-6) 46
Toronto (9-6) 35 @ Winnipeg (5-11) 32

Anthony Calvillo's touchdown pass to Dave Stala on the last play of regulation time gave the Alouettes their win over the Lions in an exciting game before 20,002 fans at Molson Stadium.

Baseball
National League Championship Series
St. Louis 1 @ Houston 2 (Houston led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Morgan Ensberg's sacrifice fly scored Rafael Palmeiro in the bottom of the 7th inning to break a 1-1 tie as the Astros edged the Cardinals before 43,010 fans at Minute Maid Park. Mr. Ensberg was preceded at bat by Lance Berkman, who drew a base on balls with 1 out to load the bases. St. Louis manager Tony LaRussa came out of the dugout to argue with home plate umpire Phil Cuzzi, and was ejected.

American League Championship Series
Chicago 6 @ Anaheim 3 (Chicago won best-of-seven series 4-1)

The White Sox scored 4 runs in the last 3 innings to defeat the Angels before 44,712 fans at Angel Stadium to win their first AL pennant since 1959. The winning run scored with 2 out in the 8th after A.J. Pierzynski was tagged by pitcher Kelvin Escobar for the apparent third out. Mr. Escobar had tagged Mr. Pierzynski with his glove while holding the ball in his other hand, and the umpires reversed the original out call. Aaron Rowand, who had drawn a base on balls, was on second base, with Mr. Pierzynski on first. Francisco Rodriguez then relieved Mr. Escobar and gave up a single to Joe Crede to give Chicago a 4-3 lead. In the 9th, Tadahito Iguchi walked and was caught stealing second base, but Anaheim second baseman Adam Kennedy tagged him without having the ball in his glove, and second base umpire Jerry Crawford reversed his original out call when he saw the ball on the ground. The White Sox then scored 2 runs as a result of the error. Jose Contreras pitched a 5-hitter, allowing 3 earned runs in pitching the fourth straight complete game victory for Chicago.

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