Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Donna Morrow!
325 years ago
William Phips ordered a retreat of his English forces from Quebec after being turned back in a skirmish on the Beauport Flats. He had attacked Quebec with 37 ships and 2,200 men, but Count Frontenac refused to surrender, and shelling of the town had had little effect.
250 years ago
Died on this date
Giovanni Paolo Panini, 74. Italian artist. Mr. Panini was known for his paintings of Rome.
225 years ago
Born on this date
Alphonse de Lamartine. French poet and politician. Mr. Lamartine was one of the founders of the Second Republic, and declared the continuation of the tricolour as the flag of France. He died on February 28, 1869 at the age of 78.
210 years ago
Died on this date
Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, 47. Vice Admiral Nelson led Royal Navy forces in numerous barttles, especially during the Napoleonic Wars. He was shot and killed while leading the Royal Navy to victory over French forces in the Battle of Trafalgar.
A British fleet led by Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson defeated a combined French and Spanish fleet off the coast of Spain under Admiral Pierre-Charles Villeneuve in the Battle of Trafalgar, signalling almost the end of French maritime power and leaving Britain's navy unchallenged until the 20th century.
125 years ago
Louisville Colonels 5 @ Brooklyn Bridegrooms 4 (Brooklyn led best-six-of-ten series 2-1-1)
The Colonels scored a run in the bottom of the 7th inning to break a 4-4 tie and defeat the Bridegrooms before only 1,050 fans at Eclipse Park. Louisville scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 1st, but Brooklyn struck back with 3 in the top of the 2nd. Each team scored a run in the 3rd. Red Ehret was the winning pitcher in his first game of the Series, while game 2 winner Tom Lovett took the loss.
120 years ago
The five-month-old Republic of Formosa collapsed as Japanese forces invaded and occupied the capital city of Tainan.
110 years ago
Toronto Argonauts (4-1) 7 @ Hamilton (3-0) 41
90 years ago
Died on this date
Marv Goodwin, 34. U.S baseball pitcher. Mr. Goodwin played with the Washington Nationals (1916); St. Louis Cardinals (1917, 1919-1922); and Cincinnati Reds (1925), and was one of the 17 pitchers who were allowed to continue throwing spitballs after the pitch was outlawed in 1920. He compiled a record of 21-25 with a 3.30 earned run average in 102 games, with his best season being 1919, when he was 11-9 with an ERA of 2.51. Lieutenant Goodwin was a pilot in the United States Army Air Force Reserve, and died three days after being seriously injured in a crash at Ellington Field in Houston.
75 years ago
Died on this date
William G. Conley, 74. U.S. politician. Mr. Conley, a Republican, was Governor of West Virginia from 1929-1933.
The novel For Whom the Bell Tolls by Ernest Hemingway was published by Charles Scribner's Sons.
70 years ago
Died on this date
Lionel Martin, 67. U.K. automobile executive. Mr. Martin and Robert Bamford founded Aston Martin in 1913.
Women were allowed to vote in France for the first time.
Chilean President Juan Antonio Rios dedicated Avenue of the Americas, formerly Sixth Avenue, in New York City.
Politics and government
Romulo Betancourt was named provisional President of Venezuela, two days after an army coup had ousted President Isaias Media Angarita.
60 years ago
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): The Man from Laramie--Jimmy Young (2nd week at #1)
50 years ago
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Tears--Ken Dodd (4th week at #1)
Died on this date
Bill Black, 39. U.S. musician. Mr. Black played bass fiddle and bass guitar as accompaniment for Elvis Presley on recordings and in concert from 1954-1958. He then formed the instrumental group Bill Black's Combo, who placed eight singles in the top 40 of the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart from 1959-1962. Mr. Black died of a brain tumour.
The Beatles were at EMI Studios in London, where they finished recording the song Norwegian Wood (This Bird Has Flown) and began recording the song Nowhere Man.
Comet Ikeya–Seki approached perihelion, passing 450,000 kilometers (279,617 miles) from the Sun.
The Organization of African States conference opened in the Ghanaian capital of Accra. The conference was boycotted by seven French-speaking nations because Ghanaian President Kwame Nkrumah was aiding subversives in their countries.
40 years ago
Died on this date
Charles Reidpath, 86. U.S. runner and military officers. Mr. Reidpath won the gold medal in the men's 400-metre run at the 1912 Olympic Games in Stockholm in a then-record time of 48.2 seconds, and anchored the U.S. team in the men's 4 x 100 relay, winning another gold medal in a record time of 3:16.6. He was a lieutenant colonel in the United States Army Transportation Corps during World War II, serving in England, France, and Belgium, winning battle stars in the northern France and Rheinland campaigns.
Tom Pate, 23. U.S. football player. Mr. Pate was a star linebacker with the University of Nebraska Cornhuskers, and was a member of their 1971 national championship team. He came to the Canadian Football League in 1975 with the Saskatchewan Roughriders, and would have made the team at the end of training camp, except that the Calgary Stampeders had released linebacker Roger Goree, and Saskatchewan head coach John Payne immediately signed Mr. Goree and released Mr. Pate. Mr. Pate joined the Hamilton Tiger-Cats for their third game of the season, and played 12 games, recovering 1 opposition fumble. Exactly 4 minutes into the Tiger-Cats' game against the Calgary Stampeders in Calgary, Calgary running back Willie Burden rushed 6 yards for his second touchdown of the game. Mr. Burden's backfield mate Rick Galbos delivered a terrific block on Mr. Pate, causing him to hit his head on the artificial turf, which was newly-installed at McMahon Stadium that year. The medical and training staff began to lift Mr. Pate to his feet, but he slipped back into unconsciousness, and was taken by ambulance to Foothills Hospital. Mr. Pate, 23, lapsed into a coma and never regained consciousness, becoming the Canadian Football League's first--and so far, only--modern on-field fatality. Hamilton team doctors Jim Charters reported that Mr. Pate had recently been suffering severe headaches. Calgary general manager Gary Hobson said that a doctor who had examined Mr. Pate at Foothills Hospital indicated that Mr. Pate had an aneurysm. The Canadian Football League Players Association inaugurated the Tom Pate Memorial Trophy in 1976, presented to the player who makes the most outstanding contribution to his community.
Armed police surrounded a house 40 miles from Dublin where kidnapped businessman Tiede Herrema was being held. Dr. Herrema, chief executive of the Dutch-owned Ferenka factory in Ballyvarra, County Limerick, Ireland, was abducted on his way to work on October 3. His kidnappers, Eddie Gallagher, 28, and his girlfriend Marian Coyle, 21, were demanding the release of three Republican prisoners--Rose Dugdale, Kevin Mallon and Jim Hyland--in return for Dr. Herrema's safety.
22,000 Canadian Union of Postal Workers employees began a 43-day strike against Canada Post.
Economics and finance
Unemployment in the United Kingdom topped 1 million, marking the highest jobless rate since World War II.
Cincinnati Reds 6 @ Boston Red Sox 7 (12 innings) (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)
Carlton Fisk hit a home run off Pat Darcy to lead off the bottom of the 12th inning to give the Red Sox their win over the Reds before 35,205 fans at Fenway Park in one of the greatest World Series games ever played.
30 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): I Got You Babe--UB40 with Chrissie Hynde
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Solitude--Akina Nakamori
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Part-Time Lover--Stevie Wonder
Many leading world figures addressed the United Nations General Assembly on the occasion of the UN’s 40th anniversary. Israeli Prime Minister Shimon Peres said that he would be willing to go to Jordan to participate in an "international forum" to advance the Middle East peace process. Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega accused the United States of aggression against his country.
Testimony was completed in the trial of nine former members of juntas who had been accused of directing the kidnapping, torture, and murder of thousands of Argentinians who had disappeared during the so-called "dirty war" of the 1970s.
Politics and government
Italian President Francesco Cossiga asked Premier Bettino Craxi to form a new government.
Members of Canadian Automobile Workers ratified the previous day's settlement with Chrysler Corporation which had ended a four-day strike.
25 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Suicide Blonde--INXS (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Tom's Diner--DNA featuring Suzanne Vega (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: Tom's Diner--DNA featuring Suzanne Vega
Calgary (9-6-1) 48 @ Hamilton (6-10) 42
Ottawa (6-10) 27 @ Winnipeg (11-5) 20
British Columbia (5-10-1) 30 @ Edmonton (9-7) 8
Tony Cherry rushed 16 times for 107 yards and 3 touchdowns as the Stampeders outlasted the Tiger-Cats before 20,076 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium. Calgary quarterback Danny Barrett completed 14 of 29 passes for 200 yards and a 3-yard touchdown to Andy McVey. Mr. Barrett also rushed 6 times for 27 yards and touchdowns of 1 and 13 yards. Mark McLoughlin was successful on 5 of 6 convert attempts and added 2 field goals and a single. Hamilton quarterback Mike Kerrigan completed 25 of 47 passes for 407 yards and 4 touchdowns and 2 interceptions. Tony Champion caught 2 of Mr. Kerrigan’s touchdown strikes, covering 13 and 75 yards. Mr. Kerrigan’s other touchdown passes covered 23 yards to Earl Winfield and 6 yards to Derrick McAdoo. Mr. Kerrigan also completed a 2-point convert pass to Richard Estell. Paul Osbaldiston added 3 converts, 4 field goals, and a single. Mr. Champion led all receivers with 115 yards on 5 receptions; Allen Pitts led the Stampeders with 5 receptions for 93 yards.
Former Blue Bomber safety Scott Flagel intercepted a Tom Burgess pass and returned it 48 yards for a touchdown with 33 seconds remaining in regulation time to break a 20-20 tie and win the game for the Rough Riders before a Winnipeg Stadium crowd of 27,323. Ottawa quarterback Damon Allen completed just 12 of 28 passes for 130 yards and 2 interceptions, but scored 2 touchdowns on 1-yard rushes. Dean Dorsey added 3 converts and 2 field goals. Mr. Burgess completed 22 of 41 passes for 232 yards and a 19-yard touchdown to Perry Tuttle, but threw 3 interceptions, including the one by Mr. Flagel. CFL rushing leader Robert Mimbs carried 10 times for 75 yards; Ottawa rookie star Reggie Barnes led the game with 92 yards on 16 carries. Rick House of Winnipeg led all receivers with 69 yards on 3 receptions. James Murphy of the Blue Bombers caught just 2 passes for 19 yards and suffered a knee injury that ended his 9-year Hall of Fame career.
Doug Flutie threw 3 touchdown passes in the last 7½ minutes of the 2nd quarter as the Lions rolled up a 27-1 halftime lead, prompting many (including this blogger) of the 31,176 in attendance at Commonwealth Stadium to boo the Eskimos as they left the field. Mr. Flutie’s touchdown throws covered 48 yards to Jay Christensen; 6 yards to offensive lineman Ken Whitney; and 55 yards to Tony Dennis with 9 seconds remaining until halftime. Tony Martino added 3 converts and 3 field goals. Mr. Flutie completed 21 of 38 passes for 384 yards and rushed 7 times for 29 yards. Tracy Ham started at quarterback for the Eskimos but was lifted at halftime after completing just 4 of 14 passes for 48 yards and an interception. Steve Taylor replaced him in the second half and completed 13 of 22 passes for 172 yards and rushed 4 times for 30. Mr. Taylor finally produced a touchdown on a 2-yard rush by Blake Marshall with 1:05 remaining in the 3rd quarter, converted by Ray Macoritti. Mr. Macoritti had scored the other Edmonton point on a 46-yard punt single in the 1st quarter. Mr. Christensen led all receivers with 166 yards on 9 receptions; Craig Ellis led the Eskimos with 5 catches for 82 yards. Larry Willis, who had recently been acquired from the Lions in a trade for Darrell Colbert, caught 5 passes for 48 yards, but lost his third fumble in 2 games. Mr. Colbert caught 2 for 49 yards for the Lions. The loss was the fourth straight for the Eskimos--their longest losing streak in 19 years.
20 years ago
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V.
#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Het is een Nacht... (Levensecht)--Guus Meeuwis & Vagant (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): When Love and Hate Collide-- Def Leppard
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Fantasy--Mariah Carey (4th week at #1)
U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Fantasy--Mariah Carey (3rd week at #1)
2 Runaway--Janet Jackson
3 Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V.
4 Kiss from a Rose--Seal
5 Only Wanna Be with You--Hootie & the Blowfish
6 As I Lay Me Down--Sophie B. Hawkins
8 You are Not Alone--Michael Jackson
9 Roll to Me--Del Amitri
10 Carnival--Natalie Merchant
Singles entering the chart were Throw Your Set in the Air by Cypress Hill (#49); Ice Cream by Chef Raekwon (#51); Ain't Nothin' But a She Thing by Salt-N-Pepa (#54); Boom Boom Boom by Outhere Brothers (#57); I'd Lie for You (And That’s the Truth) by Meat Loaf (#61); Rock and Roll is Dead by Lenny Kravitz (#80); and Automatic Lover (Call for Love) by the Real McCoy (#85).
Died on this date
Maxene Andrews, 79. U.S. singer. Miss Andrews was the second of the three Andrews Sisters (LaVerne was the oldest and Patty the youngest), who had a string of hit singles from 1938-1951, becoming the most popular female vocal group in the first half of the 20th century.
Vada Pinson, 57. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Pinson was an outfielder with the Cincinnati Reds (1958-1968); St. Louis Cardinals (1969); Cleveland Indians (1970-1971); California Angels (1972-1973); and Kansas City Royals (1974-1975), batting .286 with 256 home runs and 1,170 runs batted in in 2,469 games. His best season was 1961, when he hit .343--second in the National League to Roberto Clemente of the Pittsburgh Pirates--with 16 homers, 87 RBIs, and a National League-leading 208 hits. Mr. Pinson died 16 days after suffering a stroke. This blogger had the pleasure of seeing Mr. Pinson play in person once in 1975, and the greater pleasure of meeting him in 1981 when he was a coach with the Chicago White Sox.
British Columbia (9-8) 26 @ Baltimore (14-3) 28
Hamilton (8-9) 9 @ Ottawa (3-14) 30
Carlos Huerta's fourth field goal of the game, with 11 seconds remaining in regulation time, gave the Stallions their win over the Lions before 33,208 fans at Memorial Stadium. Chris Armstrong scored both Baltimore touchdowns on passes from Tracy Ham. Cory Philpot rushed for 2 touchdowns for the Lions, while defensive back Charles Gordon scored the other B.C. touchdown on a 51-yard interception return on the last play of the 1st half.
Wayne Lammle kicked 4 field goals, and 2 converts, and 2 singles as the Rough Riders defeated the Tiger-Cats in a driving rain before 17,160 fans at Frank Clair Stadium to end a 9-game losing streak. Hamilton running back Kalin Hall scored the game's first touchdown on a 1-yard rush late in the 2nd quarter. Ken Evraire scored the first Ottawa TD in the 3rd quarter when he blocked a Hank Ilesic punt and returned it 27 yards. Ray Alexander scored the other Ottawa touchdown on a 13-yard pass from Sammy Garza in the 4th quarter.
Manitoba 39 Alberta 22
Cleveland Indians 2 @ Atlanta Braves 3 (Atlanta led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Consecutive bases on balls issued to Fred McGriff, David Justice, and Mike Devereaux to open the bottom of the 7th inning led to 2 runs, breaking a 1-1 tie as the Braves edged the Indians before 51,876 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium.
10 years ago
Images of the dwarf planet Eris were taken and subsequently used in documenting its discovery by the team of Michael E. Brown, Chad Trujillo, and David L. Rabinowitz.
Ottawa (6-10) 32 @ Hamilton (4-12) 40
Images of laboratories now on Flickr - A laboratory is a place where scientific and technological experiments, as well as measurements, are performed. Different types of equipment and tools may ...
6 hours ago