Saturday, 24 October 2015

October 24, 2015

425 years ago
1590


Americana
John White, the governor of the second Roanoke Colony, returned to England after an unsuccessful search for the "lost" colonists.

130 years ago
1885


Football
ORFU
City Series
Ottawa 38 London 0 @ Toronto
College Series
Ottawa 13 @ Royal Military College 4

Baseball
World Series
St. Louis Browns 13 Chicago White Stockings 4 (7½ innings) @ Cincinnati (Seven-game series tied 3-3-1)

The Browns scored 4 runs in the 3rd inning and 6 in the 4th on their way to their win over the White Stockings before 1,200 fans at League Park in a game called after 7½ innings because of darkness. It was probably the most sloppily-played World Series game in history; the White Stockings made 17 errors, and the Browns made 10. Dave Foutz was the winning pitcher over Jim McCormick.

100 years ago
1915


Born on this date
Bob Kane
. U.S. artist Mr. Kane, born Robert Kahn, was a comic book artist who created the character Batman in 1939 for Detective Comics. He died on November 3, 1998 at the age of 83.

90 years ago
1925


Football
ORFU
Hamilton (2-2) 11 @ University of Toronto II (0-4) 9 (OT)

80 years ago
1935


Died on this date
Otto Berman, 44
; Dutch Schultz, 34; Bernard "Lulu" Rosencrantz, 33; Abe Landau. U.S. gangsters. The four men died several hours after being gunned down at the Palace Chophouse in Newark, New Jersey by assassins hired by rival gangster Lucky Luciano in what became known as The Chophouse Massacre.

70 years ago
1940


Labour
The 40-hour work week went into effect in the United States under the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938.

70 years ago
1945


Died on this date
Vidkun Quisling, 58
. Minister President of Norway, 1942-1945. Mr. Quisling was a member of the Farmers' Party when he served as Norway's Minister of Defence from 1931-1933. He founded the Nasjonal Samling (National Unity) party in 1933, and, after the Nazi invasion of Norway, led a pro-Nazi puppet regime in cooperation with German civilian administrator Josef Terboven. Mr. Quisling was found guilty of charges including embezzlement, murder and high treason, and was shot by a firing squad at Akershus Fortress, becoming the best-known of 40 Norwegian collaborators to be executed, after the restoration of capital punishment several years earlier by the gorvernment-in-exile. Mr. Quisling's surname has become a noun in itself, denoting someone who collaborates with an enemy occupying force.

Diplomacy
29 nations ratified the United Nations Charter in a ceremony at the U.S. State Department in Washington, officially bringing the UN into existence.

60 years ago
1955


Football
WIFU
British Columbia (5-11) 13 @ Winnipeg (7-8) 24
Saskatchewan (9-6) 6 @ Calgary (4-11) 24

Gerry James rushed for 143 yards and 2 touchdowns to lead the Blue Bombers over the Lions before 14,730 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Elton Taylor and Lorne Benson scored the other Winnipeg touchdowns, while By Bailey and Dan Edwards scored touchdowns for the Lions. It was the final game for B.C. coach Annis Stukus; two days later, the Lions' directors voted 13-10 in favour of firing him, despite the team's improvement from 1-15 in their first season in 1954.

Don Klosterman connected with Bill McKenna for a 104-yard touchdown--the longest pass completion in Canadian football history to date--and completed a 63-yard TD pass to Willie Roberts to help the Stampeders defeat the Roughriders before 9,600 fans at Mewata Stadium. Bob Meyers scored another Calgary touchdown, and the Stampeders scored another TD on the last play of the 3rd quarter when Bill Pullar intercepted a pass on his own 45-yard line and lateralled to Baz Nagle, who went the rest of the way for a 65-yard return for a touchdown. Joe Aguirre kicked 2 field goals for the Roughriders.

50 years ago
1965


Music
The Beatles were at EMI Studios in London, where they recorded an early version of the song I'm Looking Through You.

Football
CFL
Toronto (3-10) 17 @ Ottawa (7-6) 15
Saskatchewan (7-7-1) 30 @ British Columbia (6-8-1) 14

John Vilunas' third field goal of the game, with 15 seconds remaining, gave the Argonauts their win over the Rough Riders before 13,487 fans at Lansdowne Park.

Ron Lancaster connected with Gord Barwell for a 102-yard touchdown on Saskatchewan's first play from scrimmage and George Reed rushed for 259 yards as the Roughriders beat the Lions before 37,788 fans at Empire Stadium in Vancouver to clinch the third and last playoff spot in the Western Football Conference, and eliminate the defending Grey Cup champions from playoff contention.

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Wasted Days and Wasted Nights--Freddy Fender (6th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): S O S--ABBA (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Dolannes-Melodie--Jean-Claude Borelly (2nd week at #1)

Theatre
The drama club of Sir John Franklin Territorial High School in Yellowknife presented the plays Sparkin' by E.P. Conkle and Jacob Comes Home by William Kozlenko, both directed by Mr. Krishnamoorthy, in the school gym for Mr. Charles' English 10 class, which included this blogger. The cast of Sparkin' was Robert Rose; Nellie Christoph; Barbara Emmerson; and Jill Munroe. The cast of Jacob Comes Home was Catherine MacQuarrie; John Blondin; Bill Enge; Gae Wall; and especially, Cathy Brown.

Labour
90% of female workers in Iceland took part in a national strike, refusing to work in protest against gaps in gender equality.

Baseball
The Philadelphia Phillies released relief pitcher Joe Hoerner and traded catcher Larry Cox to the Minnesota Twins for shortstop Sergio Ferrer. Mr. Hoerner had spent 12 years in the major leagues and had played with the Phillies before from 1970-1972 before being signed in January 1975 after his release by the Kansas City Royals. In 25 games with the Phillies in 1975 Mr. Hoerner was 0-0 with no saves and an earned run average of 2.57. Mr. Cox spent most of the 1975 season with the Toledo Mud Hens of the AAA International League, batting .125 in 32 games with no home runs and 1 run batted in; in 11 games with the Phillies he hit .200 (1 for 5) with 1 RBI. Mr. Ferrer split the 1975 season between the Tacoma Twins of the AAA Pacific Coast League and the Minnesota Twins, batting .214 with 1 home run and 6 RBIs in 47 games with Tacoma, and .247 with no homers and 2 RBIs in 32 games with Minnesota.

The Boston Red Sox released infielder Dick McAuliffe. Mr. McAuliffe had been managing the Red Sox' farm team in Bristol in the AA Eastern League before being reactivated as a player on August 21. In 7 games with Boston in 1975 he batted .133 (2 for 15) with 1 run batted in.

The Cincinnati Reds traded pitcher Joaquin Andujar to the Houston Astros for two players to be named later. Mr. Andujar had been in the Reds' system for 7 seasons, and had been with the Indianapolis Indians of the AAA American Association in 1974, but arm problems had resulted in his demotion to Trois Rivieres of the AA Eastern League for 1975, where he was 4-8 with an earned run average of 4.06 in 18 games, batting .105 (2 for 19) with 2 RBIs. On December 12, 1975, the Astros traded pitchers Carlos Alfonso, who had spent the 1975 season with the Iowa Oaks of the American Association, and Luis Sanchez, who had played with Columbus of the AA Southern League, to the Reds to complete the deal, with the two being assigned to Indianapolis.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
Canada's top 30
1 Money for Nothing--Dire Straits
2 Dancing in the Street--Mick Jagger and David Bowie
3 Lonely Ol' Night--John Cougar Mellencamp
4 Take on Me--A-Ha
5 Boy in the Box--Corey Hart
6 Part-Time Lover--Stevie Wonder
7 Fortress Around Your Heart--Sting
8 Oh Sheila--Ready for the World
9 I'm Goin' Down--Bruce Springsteen
10 Saving All My Love for You--Whitney Houston
11 Crying Over You--Platinum Blonde
12 Miami Vice Theme--Jan Hammer
13 Cherish--Kool & The Gang
14 Dress You Up--Madonna
15 Lovin' Every Minute of It--Loverboy
16 We Built This City--Starship
17 You Belong to the City--Glenn Frey
18 One Night Love Affair--Bryan Adams
19 Don't Lose My Number--Phil Collins
20 Lay Your Hands on Me--Thompson Twins
21 The Way You Do the Things You Do/My Girl--Daryl Hall John Oates with David Ruffin & Eddie Kendrick
22 Never--Heart
23 Separate Lives--Phil Collins and Marilyn Martin
24 Sunset Grill--Don Henley
25 Head Over Heels--Tears for Fears
26 I'm Gonna Tear Your Playhouse Down--Paul Young
27 I Got You Babe--UB40 with Chrissie Hynde
28 Alive and Kicking--Simple Minds
29 Broken Wings--Mr. Mister
30 One More Colour--Jane Siberry

On television tonight
The Twilight Zone, on CITV
Tonight’s episode: If She Dies, starring David Bennett Carren; Ye Gods, starring Anne Collins

Died on this date
Richie Evans, 24
. U.S. auto racing driver. Mr. Evans was a stock car driver with the NASCAR asphalt modified circuit, winning the National Modified Championships for eight straight years from 1978-1985. He was killed in a crash in a practice for the Winn-Dixie 500 Modified Feature at Martinsville Speedway in Martinsville, Virginia. He was inducted into the NASCAR Hall of Fame in 2012.

World events
A judge in Argentina ruled that President Raul Alfonsin’s decree of two days earlier ordering the arrest of 12 people in connection with a series of bombings was unconstitutional.

Terrorism
Ines Guadelupe Duarte Duran--the daughter of Salvadoran President Jose Napoleon Duarte--and her friend Ana Cecilia Villeda, who had both been kidnapped in September by Communist rebels, were escorted by their captors to the town of Tenancingo and released after it had been verified that 22 rebels had been freed from prison. The rebels also released 23 mayors and some other officials they had seized. In addition to freeing the 22 rebels, 96 wounded rebels were allowed to come out of hiding and go to Cuba for treatment. It was reported that five rebel groups had participated in negotiations leading to the exchange.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Ronald Reagan, addressing the United Nations General Assembly on the 40th anniversary of the founding of the UN, asked the U.S.S.R. to join the U.S.A. in seeking settlements of five regional disputes, all of which involved regimes supported by the Soviet Union. Mr. Reagan called for a "fresh start" with the Soviet Union, but again defended his Strategic Defense Initiative, which was opposed by Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev, as a means of rendering ballistic weapons obsolete. Mr. Gorbachev did not travel to New York for the UN anniversary observance, but Mr. Reagan later met with West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl; British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher; Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney; Italian Prime Minister Bettino Craxi; and Japanese Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone to discuss the forthcoming U.S.-U.S.S.R. summit scheduled for November in Geneva.

Defense
U.S. Army Chief of Staff General John Wickham said that it would be a mistake to disband the joint chiefs and that the creation of an advisory council would simply add an extra bureaucratic layer between the secretary of defense and the officers having operational command of their services. The abolition of the Joint Chiefs of Staff had been proposed in a report issued on October 16 by the staff of the Senate Armed Services Committee.

Baseball
World Series
Kansas City Royals 6 @ St. Louis Cardinals 1 (St. Louis led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Danny Jackson pitched a 5-hitter and the Royals scored 4 runs in the first 2 innings as they defeated the Cardinals before 53,634 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. Bob Forsch started for the Cardinals but lasted just 1 2/3 innings. Todd Worrell pitched the 6th and 7th innings for the Cardinals and struck out all 6 batters he faced.

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): I've Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat (3rd week at #1)

On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: It's a Mad, Mad, Madeline World

Diplomacy
The United Nations Security Council voted unanimously to deplore Israel’s refusal to cooperate with a UN investigation into the October 8 shootings of Palestinian demonstrators by Israeli police on Jerusalem’s Temple Mount.

Politics and government
The nine-party Islamic Democratic Alliance won 105 of 217 seats in the National Assembly in general elections in Pakistan. The Pakistan People’s Party, led by former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto, won just 45 seats. Mrs. Bhutto, who had predicted that she would be returned to office by the voters, charged that the government had engaged in large-scale electoral fraud to prevent her return to power.

Elizabeth Dole resigned as U.S. Secretary of Labor to accept the presidency of the American Red Cross. She had been the highest-ranking woman in the administration of President George Bush, and was the first member of Mr. Bush’s cabinet to resign.

Society
The United States Senate voted 66-34 to override President George Bush’s veto of a civil rights bill, but the result fell one vote short of the 2/3 majority necessary to effect the override. Mr. Bush had vetoed the bill after arguing that the bill "will have the effect of coercing businesses to adopt quotas in hiring and promotion."

World events
Italian Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti revealed to the Italian parliament the existence of Gladio, the Italian "stay-behind" clandestine paramilitary NATO army, which was implicated in false flag terrorist attacks implicating Communists and anarchists as part of the strategy of tension from the late 1960s to early 1980s.

20 years ago
1995


Baseball
World Series
Atlanta Braves 6 @ Cleveland Indians 7 (11 innings) (Atlanta led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Carlos Baerga led off the bottom of the 11th inning with a double--his third hit of the game--and was removed for pinch runner Alvaro Espinoza. Albert Belle was then intentionally walked, and Eddie Murray followed with a single to drive home Mr. Espinoza with the winning run before 43,584 fans at Jacobs Field.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Rosa Parks, 92
. Mrs. Parks, born Rosa McCauley, helped to usher in the Negro civil rights movement in the 1950s when, on December 1, 1955, she refused to obey the order of a Montgomery, Alabama bus driver to give up her seat in the "colored" section to a white passenger after all the seats in the white section had been filled. Her action inspired the Montgomery bus boycott, a major event in the civil rights movement.

José Azcona del Hoyo, 78. President of Honduras, 1986-1990. Mr. Azcona, a member of the Liberal Party of Honduras (PLH), was one of four PLH candidates opposing National Party candidate Rafael Leonardo Callejas Romero. The PLH candidates combined to capture 51.5% of the vote, and Mr. Azcona, with 27.5%, led the PLH candidates, and became President, despite Mr. Callejas taking 42.6% of the vote. His success as President is debated.

Disasters
Hurricane Wilma made landfall in Florida, resulting in 35 direct and 26 indirect fatalities, and causing $20.6 billion in damage.

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