Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Kerry Hoffer and Mona Bernales!
240 years ago
A British proclamation forbade residents of Boston from leaving the city.
180 years ago
Politics and government
The United Tribes of New Zealand, a confederacy of Maori tribes in North Island, was established with the signing in Waitangi of the Declaration of Independence by official British Resident James Busby and 34 Maori chiefs.
125 years ago
Louisville Colonels 6 @ Brooklyn Bridegrooms 2 (Best-six-of-ten series tied 3-3-1)
The Colonels defeated the Bridegrooms 6-2 before just 300 fans at Washington Park. Red Ehret pitched a complete game to win for the Colonels, while Tom Lovett went the distance in taking his second loss of the Series. With poor attendance and poor weather, the Series was called off after this game, with no champion decided.
110 years ago
Hamilton (4-0) 37 @ Toronto Victorias (2-3) 0
100 years ago
Richard Strauss conducted the first performance of his tone poem Eine Alpensinfonie in Berlin.
90 years ago
The court-martial of U.S. Army Brigadier General Billy Mitchell began at the Emery Building in Washington, D.C. Gen. Mitchell had been charged with violating the Ninety-sixth Article of War, which covered "all disorders and neglects to the prejudice and good order and military discipline," as well as "all conduct of a nature to bring discredit upon the military service. Gen. Mitchell had issued public statements condemning the conduct of the U.S. Army and Navy as "criminal" and "almost treasonable" following the September 2, 1925 crash of the Navy dirigible USS Shenandoah, in which 14 men had been killed, including Lieutenant Commander Zachary Lansdowne.
75 years ago
On the radio
Two years after Orson Welles had broadcast an adaptation of H.G. Wells' The War of the Worlds for Mercury Theater on the Air, the two men met in San Antonio, Texas, and appeared together in the broadcast studio of KTSA for an interview.
After Greece rejected Italy's ultimatum, Italian forces invaded Greece through Albania, marking Greece's entry into World War II. In their longest flight to date, British Royal Air Force bombers hit German munitions plants in the Bohemian-Moravian Protectorate. Chinese forces recaptured Nanking, former capital of the province of Kwangsi.
Mexican federal troops engaged Almazanista rebel forces in the state of Chiapas.
70 years ago
Died on this date
Kesago Nakajima, 64. Japanese military officer. Lieutenant General Nakajima was Operational Commander in the Battle of Nanjing in 1937 and was implicated in what was known at the time as the "Rape of Nanking." He retired from the Imperial Japanese Army in 1939 and died of illness.
A Chinese Communist spokesman said that fighting against Nationalist troops had spread to 11 of the country's 28 provinces.
Politics and government
The British government appointed Major Gideon Brand van Zyl as Governor General of the Union of South Africa effective January 1, 1946.
Economics and finance
The U.S. War Production Board placed lumber under inventory control to prevent hoarding, and speed expansion of industry.
The Congress of Industrial Organizations-affiliated United Electrical, Radio & Machine Workers announced the filing of a petition with the U.S. National Labor Relations Board for a strike vote at 54 General Electric plants in an attempt to overcome the company's refusal to grant a $2-per-day wage increase.
60 years ago
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): The Man from Laramie--Jimmy Young (3rd week at #1)
Toronto (1-10) 1 @ Kitchener-Waterloo (11-1) 24
Bill Graham scored a touchdown and 2 converts as the Dutchmen easily defeated Balmy Beach in Kitchener. Cookie Gilchrist added a touchdown and a single, with Bobby Kuntz and Carl Totzke scoring the other K-W touchdowns, and Steve Fochuk adding a convert. Don Guest's single accounted for the only Toronto point.
50 years ago
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Tears--Ken Dodd (5th week at #1)
Died on this date
Earl Bostic, 52. U.S. musician. Mr. Bostic was a jazz and rhythm and blues saxophonist and bandleader. His hit singles included Flamingo; Temptation; and Harlem Nocturne. Mr. Bostic died of a heart attack while performing with his band in Rochester, New York.
Construction on the Gateway Arch in St. Louis was completed.
The Second Vatican Council's Nostra Aetate--Declaration on the Relation of the Church to Non-Christian Religions--was promulgated by Pope Paul VI. It urged Roman Catholics to "enter with prudence and charity into discussion and collaboration with members of other religions," expressed a high regard for Muslims, and absolved the Jews of responsibility for the death of Jesus, reversing the decree issued in 1199 by Pope Innocent III.
40 years ago
Died on this date
Georges Carpentier, 81. French boxer. Mr. Carpentier was world light heavyweight champion from 1920-1922, but was best known for challenging Jack Dempsey for the world heavyweight championship in Jersey City, New Jersey on July 2, 1921. The fight, which produced the first $1-million gate in boxing history, ended with Mr. Carpentier being knocked out in the 4th round. In a professional career running from 1908-1926, Mr. Carpentier compiled a record of 88-15-6-1.
Oliver Nelson, 43. U.S. musician. Mr. Nelson was a jazz saxophonist and clarinetist who was best known for his album The Blues and the Abstract Truth (1961). He was also a bandleader and composer, and moved to Hollywood in the late 1960s, writing music for television programs and for movies such as Zig Zag (1970). Mr. Nelson died of a heart attack.
The Chicago Cubs traded veteran shortstop Don Kessinger to the St. Louis Cardinals for relief pitcher Mike Garman and a player to be named later. Mr. Kessinger, who had been with the Cubs since 1964, batted .243 with no home runs and 46 runs batted in in 154 games in 1975. Mr. Garman, who had been acquired by the Cardinals from the Boston Red Sox after the 1973 season, was 3-8 with 10 saves and a 2.39 earned run average in 66 games in 1975.
30 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): I Got You Babe--UB40 with Chrissie Hynde (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Koi ni Ochite: Fall in Love--Akiko Kobayashi
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Part-Time Lover--Stevie Wonder (2nd week at #1)
25 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): To Sir, with Love--Ngaire
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Tom's Diner--DNA featuring Suzanne Vega (4th week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: It Must Have Been Love--Roxette (3rd week at #1)
Politics and government
The Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic held the first multiparty legislature election in the country's history.
Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein cancelled the rationing of gasoline and fired his oil minister, saying he had made a miscalculation. Some observers thought that the original announcement was a ruse to make it appear that sanctions were working so that a military attack on Iraq would not be necessary.
Winnipeg (11-6) 18 @ Ottawa (7-10) 27
Toronto (9-8) 31 @ Saskatchewan (9-8) 33
Hamilton (6-11) 15 @ Edmonton (10-7) 25
The Rough Riders recovered 3 Blue Bomber fumbles and made an interception as they improved their chances of making the playoffs for the first time in 5 years. Reggie Barnes rushed 21 times for 85 yards--including a 3-yard touchdown in the 1st quarter--and caught 3 passes for 44 yards to lead the Ottawa offense. Damon Allen completed 15 of 28 passes for 221 yards, including a 46-yard completion to David Williams in the 2nd quarter for the other Ottawa touchdown. Mr. Williams led the Rough Riders with 101 yards on 5 receptions. Dean Dorsey added 2 converts and 4 field goals, and Terry Baker punted 82 yards for a single to complete the Ottawa scoring. Tom Burgess completed a 31-yard pass to Eric Streater in the 1st quarter for the first Winnipeg touchdown, and Robert Mimbs rushed 2 yards for the other Blue Bomber touchdown with 42 seconds remaining in the game. Trevor Kennerd converted the first touchdown and added a field goal and 2 singles. A 2-point convert attempt on the last touchdown was unsuccessful. Mr. Mimbs rushed for 68 yards on 18 carries to lead the Blue Bombers, while Perry Tuttle gained 85 yards on 2 pass receptions. Mr. Burgess completed 14 of 29 passes for 239 yards, while backup quarterback Danny McManus was just 1 for 8 for 24 yards. 18,216 fans showed up at Lansdowne Park on a wet day.
Dave Ridgway’s fourth field goal of the game, a 47-yard kick on the last play of regulation time, gave the Roughriders their win over the Argos before 26,139 happy fans at Taylor Field. The winning kick came just 43 seconds after Toronto had tied the game on a 6-yard touchdown pass from Rickey Foggie to Jeff Boyd and a 2-point convert pass from Mr. Foggie to Mr. Boyd. Toronto head coach Don Matthews was upset by a 15-yard penalty for unnecessary roughness called against his team that kept the Roughriders’ final drive alive. The Roughriders twice had 10-point leads in the game--10-0 and 30-20, while the Argos led 20-13 at halftime. Saskatchewan quarterback Kent Austin opened the scoring with a 1-yard touchdown run in the 1st quarter. Mr. Ridgway converted and added a 47-yard field goal before Lance Chomyc got the Argos on the scoreboard with an 11-yard field goal on the last play of the quarter. The Argos went ahead in the 2nd quarter on a 64-yard touchdown pass from Mr. Foggie to Randy Marriott and an 8-yard touchdown run by Mr. Foggie, both converted by Mr. Chomyc. Mr. Ridgway kicked a 22-yard field goal with 1:57 remaining in the quarter, but Mr. Chomyc kicked a 17-yard field goal on the last play of the half. The Roughriders did all the scoring in the 3rd quarter on a 40-yard touchdown rush by Orville Lee and a 20-yard touchdown pass by running back Lucius Floyd to Don Narcisse. Mr. Ridgway converted both majors and added a 12-yard field goal in the first minute of the 4th quarter to give Saskatchewan a 30-20 lead. Mr. Chomyc kicked a 35-yard field goal to make the score 30-23, setting the stage for the last-minute excitement. Mr. Austin directed a balanced attack, as the Roughriders rushed for 200 yards and passed for 220. Milson Jones led the Saskatchewan ground game with 100 yards on 15 carries, and Mr. Lee added 58 on just 4 carries. Ray Elgaard led the Roughriders’ receivers with 6 catches for 47 yards. Mr. Austin completed just 18 of 39 passes for 170 yards and 2 interceptions. Mr. Foggie completed 13 of 29 passes for 235 yards and rushed 9 times for 121 yards. Mr. Boyd led all receivers with 81 yards on 4 receptions. The Saskatchewan defense held Argos’ star Mike "Pinball" Clemons to 16 yards on 4 rushes and 6 yards on 1 pass reception. Mr. Ridgway’s performance gave him two single-season CFL records: 57 field goals and 223 points, with 1 game remaining to add to his totals.
The Edmonton defense held the Tiger-Cats to 7 first downs and 190 yards net offense and made 3 interceptions as the Eskimos ended a 4-game losing streak before 27,434 fans on a sunny Sunday afternoon at Commonwealth Stadium. Ray Macoritti kicked 5 field goals, a convert, and 3 singles as the Eskimos came back from an 11-3 2nd-quarter deficit. Edmonton quarterback Tracy Ham directed an offense that amassed 28 first downs, 268 yards rushing, and 463 yards net offense, but could manage just 1 touchdown--a 22-yard pass from Mr. Ham to Keith Wright at 4:35 of the 4th quarter. Hamilton’s touchdown came in the 2nd quarter on a 75-yard pass from Mike Kerrigan to Earl Winfield on the first play after Mr. Macoritti had kicked a 27-yard field goal to reduce the Tiger-Cats’ lead to 4-3. Paul Osbaldiston converted Mr. Winfield’s touchdown and added 2 field goals and 2 singles. Michael Soles led the Eskimos’ rushing attack with 104 yards on 19 carries, while Mr. Ham rushed 14 times for 101 yards and Blake Marshall added 47 on 13 carries. The Eskimos limited the Tiger-Cats, to just 13 yards on 13 rushing plays. Mr. Winfield led all receivers with 127 yards on 4 receptions, while Craig Ellis led the Eskimos with 7 receptions for 111 yards. Mr. Ham completed just 14 of 34 passes for 195 yards and an interception, but he still had a better day than Mr. Kerrigan, who played the entire game despite completing just 8 of 32 passes for 177 yards and 3 interceptions. The Eskimos controlled the ball almost twice as long as the Tiger-Cats did--the difference in time of possession was 39:13 to 20:47. Hamilton’s attack was limited by the absence of 2 key players: running back Derrick McAdoo, who didn’t make the trip to Edmonton, and wide receiver Tony Champion, who was scratched from the lineup after being taken to hospital the night before the game with an inflamed gall bladder. David Adams, who replaced Mr. McAdoo, left with a pulled hamstring in the 1st quarter after rushing 3 times for 4 yards and catching 1 pass for 6.
20 years ago
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Het is een Nacht... (Levensecht)--Guus Meeuwis & Vagant (4th week at #1)
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V.
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Fantasy--Mariah Carey (5th week at #1)
U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Fantasy--Mariah Carey (4th week at #1)
2 Runaway--Janet Jackson
3 Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V.
4 Kiss from a Rose--Seal
5 As I Lay Me Down--Sophie B. Hawkins
6 Only Wanna Be with You--Hootie & the Blowfish
8 Roll to Me--Del Amitri
9 Carnival--Natalie Merchant
10 Tell Me--Groove Theory
Singles entering the chart were One Sweet Day by Mariah Carey and Boyz II Men (#29); You Remind Me of Something by R. Kelly (#48); Hooked on You by Silk (#49); Ants Marching by the Dave Matthews Band (#51); Before You Walk Out of My Life/Like This and Like That by Monica (#58); Cell Thearapy by Goodie Mob (#59); Hook by Blues Traveler (#63); Already Missing You by Gerald and Eddie Levert, Sr. (#74); and I Wish You Well by Tom Cochrane (#89).
289 people were killed and 270 injured in a fire in the subway system of the Azerbaijani capital of Baku. It remains the world's deadliest subway disaster.
Saskatchewan (6-12) 25 @ British Columbia (10-8) 30
Lui Passaglia kicked a field goal late in the 3rd quarter and two more in the 4th quarter to give the Lions their win over the Roughriders before 27,464 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. B.C. running back Cory Philpot rushed 1 yard and 64 yards for touchdowns in the 1st quarter, giving him 22 TDs for the season. Robert Gordon scored the other B.C. touchdown on a 36-yard pass from Danny McManus in the 2nd quarter. Dan Farthing scored the first Saskatchewan touchdown in the 2nd quarter on a 5-yard pass from Tom Burgess, and promptly caught another pass from Mr. Burgess for a 2-point convert. Defensive back Terryl Ulmer scored the other Saskatchewan TD on a 41-yard interception return in the 3rd quarter. Paul McCallum added a convert and 3 field goals for the Roughriders, who needed to win the game to clinch the fifth and last playoff spot in the North Division.
Saskatchewan 41 Alberta 7
Cleveland Indians 0 @ Atlanta Braves 1 (Atlanta won best-of-seven series 4-2)
David Justice hit a home run off Jim Poole to lead off the bottom of the 6th inning, and Tom Glavine allowed just 1 hit in 8 innings to get the win as the Braves edged the Indians before 51,875 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium to win their first World Series since 1957, when the team was based in Milwaukee. The Braves became the first tean to win a World Series while being based in three different cities, having won their first World Series as the Boston Braves in 1914. Mr. Glavine, who was also the winning pitcher in game 2, was named the series' Most Valuable Player. The only Cleveland hit was a bloop single by Tony Pena leading off the 6th. Mark Wohlers pitched the 9th inning for the Braves and retired the Indians in order to earn his second save of the series.
10 years ago
Died on this date
Bob Broeg, 87. U.S. sportswriter. Mr. Broeg was with the St. Louis Post-Dispatch for more than 40 years, and was best known for his coverage of baseball. His column Broeg on Baseball appeared in The Sporting News for many years. Mr. Broeg was inducted into the Baseball Writers Hall of Fame in 1979.
Tony Jackson, 72. U.S. basketball player. Mr. Jackson was a guard and forward who starred at St. John's University from 1958-1961 and was drafted in the first round by the New York Knickerbockers, but was barred from the National Basketball Association with several other players because of his involvement in the 1961 points-shaving scandal. He joined the Chicago Majors of the new American Basketball League, and scored 53 points--including 12 three-point shots--in a game on March 14, 1962. He was with the Majors when the ABL folded on December 31, 1962. Mr. Jackson resumed his professional career when the American Basketball Association began play in 1967. He played with the New Jersey Americans (1967-68); New York Nets (1968); Minnesota Pipers (1968); and Houston Mavericks (1968-69), and played in the 1968 ABA All-Star Game. In 138 games in the ABA, Mr. Jackson scored 2,190 points (15.9 points per game).
Richard Smalley, 62. U.S. chemist. Dr. Smalley, fellow American Robert Curl, and Sir Harold Kroto of the United Kingdom were awarded the 1996 Nobel prize in Chemistry "for their discovery of fullerenes"--a new form of carbon. He was also an advocate of nanotechnology.
U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney's top adviser, I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby, resigned after he was indicted on charges of obstruction of justice, perjury and making false statements in the scandal involving journalist Robert Novak's public identification in 2003 of Valerie Plame as a covert agent of the Central Intelligence Agency after Ms. Plame's husband, former diplomat Joseph Wilson, had recently written a series of newspaper columns criticizing the U.S.A.'s war in Iraq.
British Columbia (12-5) 19 @ Edmonton (11-6) 22
Sean Fleming's fifth field goal of the game--a 36-yard kick on the final play of regulation time--gave the Eskimos their win over the Lions before 37,544 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. The winning FG came 3 minutes and 50 seconds after B.C.'s Mark McLoughlin had kicked a 44-yard field goal--his fourth FG of the game--to tie the score. Troy Davis rushed for 67 yards on 14 carries, including a 2-yard run for the only Edmonton touchdown with 1:35 remaining in the 2nd quarter. Mr. Davis also caught 5 passes for 32 yards. Geroy Simon scored the only B.C. touchdown on a 5-yard pass from Casey Printers with 8:57 left in regulation time.
The Bowery Boys’ William Shakespeare Collection: Four stories of the Bard and the big city - William Shakespeare died 402 years ago today — April 23, 1616. Seven years earlier, his countryman Henry Hudson, sailing for The post The Bowery Boys’ Wi...
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