130 years ago
Frank P. Thompson organized the first all-Negro professional team, originally called the Athletics but later known as the Cuban Giants.
125 years ago
Born on this date
Stanley Holloway. U.K. actor. Mr. Holloway had a lengthy career on stage, mainly in comic roles, but was best known for playing Alfred P. Doolittle in the stage and screen versions of My Fair Lady. He died on January 30, 1982 at the age of 91.
The United States Congress established Yosemite National Park in California.
Economics and finance
The U.S. Tariff Act of 1890, commonly known as the McKinley Tariff, became law, raising the average duty on imports to almost 50%, an act designed to protect domestic industries from foreign competition.
100 years ago
Born on this date
Jerome Bruner. U.S. psychologist. Dr. Bruner is a major figure in the fields of cognitive psychology and cognitive learning theory in educational psychology. He has also worked in the fields of developmental psychology and legal psychology.
75 years ago
The Pennsylvania Turnpike, often considered the first superhighway in the United States, opened to traffic.
70 years ago
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Till the End of Time--Perry Como (2nd week at #1)
--Les Brown and his Orchestra
2 On the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe--Johnny Mercer and the Pied Pipers
--Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra
--Judy Garland and the Merry Macs
3 Chopin's Polonaise--Carmen Cavallaro and his Orchestra
4 If I Loved You--Perry Como
5 Gotta Be This or That--Benny Goodman and his Orchestra
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
6 Tampico--Stan Kenton and his Orchestra
7 It's Only a Paper Moon--Benny Goodman and his Orchestra
--Ella Fitzgerald and the Delta Rhythm Boys
8 I'm Gonna Love That Gal (Like She’s Never Been Loved Before)--Perry Como
9 Sentimental Journey--Les Brown and his Orchestra
--Hal McIntyre and his Orchestra
--The Merry Macs
10 Bell Bottom Trousers--Tony Pastor and his Orchestra
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
--Kay Kyser and his Orchestra
--Louis Prima and his Orchestra
Singles entering the chart were That's for Me, with versions by Dick Haymes and Jo Stafford (#23); I'll Be Walkin' with My Honey (Soon, Soon, Soon) by Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra (#25); (Why Don’t You Look Me Up) Down in Chi-Chi Hotcha Watchee by Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra (#28); Jose Gonzalez, with versions by Tony Pastor and his Orchestra and Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians (#40); and Rosemary by Kay Kyser and his Orchestra (#41).
On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Problem of Thor Bridge
60 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): A Man Called Peter--Darryl Stewart
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Cool Water--Frankie Laine
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Yellow Rose of Texas--Mitch Miller and his Orchestra (Best Seller--5th week at #1; Disc Jockey--5th week at #1; Jukebox--1st week at #1)
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Yellow Rose of Texas--Mitch Miller and his Orchestra (6th week at #1)
2 Love is a Many-Splendored Thing--The Four Aces
3 Autumn Leaves--Roger Williams
4 Ain't That a Shame--Pat Boone
5 Seventeen--Boyd Bennett and the Rockets
--The Fontane Sisters
6 Maybellene--Chuck Berry
7 Moments to Remember--The Four Lads
8 The Bible Tells Me So--Don Cornell
9 (We're Gonna) Rock Around the Clock--Bill Haley and his Comets
10 Tina Marie--Perry Como
Singles entering the chart were Black Denim Trousers and Motorcycle Boots by Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra (#13, charting with the version by the Cheers); Suddenly There's a Valley by Jo Stafford (#17, charting with the versions by Gogi Grant and Julius LaRosa); You are My Love by Joni James (#32); Someone You Love (#36)/Forgive My Heart (#39) by Nat "King" Cole; Searching by the Hilltoppers (#43); and Without a Song by Roy Hamilton (#47).
On television tonight
The Honeymooners, on CBS
Tonight's episode: TV or Not TV
This was the first episode of The Honeymooners as a separate series; previously, "Honeymooners" skits had been performed as part of Jackie Gleason's variety show.
Died on this date
Charles Christie, 75. Canadian-born U.S. motion picture executive. Mr. Christie and his brother Al, natives of London, Ontario, founded Christie Film Company in 1916. The company introduced performers such as Harold Lloyd and Fatty Arbuckle, but was hit hard by the stock market crash in 1929, and went into receivership in 1933.
Joseph Cermak, 40. Czech-born aviator. Captain Cermak, formerly with the Czech Air Force and the British Royal Air Force, died two days after the Avro York freighter piloted by him and Jerry Lozie crashed in a lake 80 miles north of Beaverlodge, Saskatchewan. The men had dropped supplies at a Distant Early Warning (DEW)-line site in the Northwest Territories and were supposed to fly to Edmonton via Yellowknife, but ended up going off course. Mr. Lozie was rescued on October 9.
Hamilton (4-2) 40 @ Ottawa (2-4) 0
Montreal (4-2) 30 @ Toronto (2-4) 28
Lou Kusserow scored 2 touchdowns, with Ron Howell, Steve Oneschuk, Frank McDonald, and Paul Bischoff scoring 1 each as the Tiger-Cats routed the Rough Riders at Lansdowne Park. Tip Logan converted all 6 TDs.
Sam Etcheverry threw touchdown passes to Jacques Belec, Red O'Quinn, and Joey Pal, handed off to Mr. Belec for another TD, and rushed for a touchdown of his own as the Alouettes edged the Argonauts at Varsity Stadium. Toronto quarterback Tom Dublinski threw 3 touchdown passes to Al Pfeifer and another to Dick Shatto, and handed off to Corky Tharp for another TD. Mr. Pfeifer kicked 3 converts.
Edmonton (10-1) 0 @ Winnipeg (4-7) 12
Saskatchewan (6-4) 34 @ British Columbia (4-6) 9
Gerry James rushed 20 times for 132 yards and the Blue Bombers rushed for 293 yards as they shut out the Eskimos at Winnipeg Stadium. Buddy Leake scored a touchdown and 2 converts, with Leo Lewis scoring the other touchdown. It was Jack Jacobs Night at Winnipeg Stadium, honouring the recently-retired quarterback of the Blue Bombers from 1950-1954.
Ken Carpenter scored 2 touchdowns and Ron Adam scored another as the Roughriders beat the Lions before 23,321 fans at Empire Stadium in Vancouver. Joe Aguirre converted all 3 Saskatchewan TDs and added 2 field goals. All 3 Roughrider touchdowns came as the result of Lion fumbles. By Bailey scored the B.C. touchdown, converted by Ron Baker, and Al Pollard kicked a field goal. Mr. Pollard left the game in the 1st quarter after a hard tackle by Bobby Marlow, returned briefly, and then left for good in the 3rd quarter. Mr. Pollard was suffering from torn muscles in the neck and right leg, and a badly-bruised left shoulder. B.C. guard Bob Sikorski left the game with a dislocated shoulder.
McGill (0-1) 10 @ Queen's (1-0) 30
Toronto (1-0) 20 @ Western Ontario (0-1) 2
New York Yankees 5 @ Brooklyn Dodgers 8 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
Roy Campanella led off the 4th inning with a home run and Gil Hodges added a 2 run homer in the 4th, while Duke Snider hit a 3-run homer in the 5th, as the Dodgers beat the Yankees before 36,242 fans at Ebbets Field.
50 years ago
Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Yesterday/Act Naturally--The Beatles
2 You were on My Mind--We Five
3 Catch Us if You Can--The Dave Clark Five
4 Eve of Destruction--Barry McGuire
5 (My Girl) Sloopy--Little Caesar and the Consuls
6 Help!--The Beatles
7 Not the Lovin' Kind--Dino, Desi and Billy
8 You've Got Your Troubles--The Fortunes
9 Treat Her Right--Roy Head and the Traits
10 I Got You Babe--Sonny and Cher
Pick hit of the week: Round Every Corner--Petula Clark
New this week: 1-2-3--Len Barry
Remember When--Wayne Newton
Get Off My Cloud--The Rolling Stones
Feelin' Fruggy--Al Hirt
General Suharto put down an apparent coup attempt by the 30 September Movement in Indonesia, but resistance continued in Java.
Cuban dictator Fidel Castro widened his initial offer of September 28 and said that any Cuban was free to go to the United States.
Deron Johnson batted 4 for 6 with a home run, 4 runs, and 4 runs batted in, and Pete Rose was 3 for 4 with a homer, 2 runs, and 4 RBIs as the Cincinnati Reds amassed 21 hits and routed the San Francisco Giants 17-2 before 29,220 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco, enabling the Los Angeles Dodgers to clinch at least a tie for the National League lead at the end of the season, as the Giants were 2 games behind with 2 games remaining for both teams Sammy Ellis pitched an 8-hit complete game and batted 2 for 3 with a 1 and an RBI to finish the season with a record of 22-10. The Giants used 8 pitchers, starting with Bobby Bolin, who lasted just 1/3 inning, allowing 4 hits--including 2 home runs--and 4 runs--all earned. He was relieved by Masanori Murakami, who allowed 4 hits and 2 runs--both earned--in 1 inning in his 54th and last major league game in his second season. Gaylord Perry, the fifth San Francisco pitcher, began the 7th inning, and was relieved by Warren Spahn after allowing all 3 batters he faced to hit safely. Mr. Spahn, 44, allowed 1 hit, 1 base on balls, and 1 unearned run in 1/3 inning in the 783rd and last game of his 21-year Hall of Fame career.
Denny Lemaster pitched a 5-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Claude Osteen as the Milwaukee Braves shut out the Los Angeles Dodgers 2-0 before 50,813 fans at Dodger Stadium, preventing the Dodgers from clinching the National League pennant outright. The winning run was scored in the 6th inning on a base on balls to Felipe Alou and errors by catcher John Roseboro and third baseman Jim Gilliam. Mr. Osteen allowed 5 hits and 2 runs--1 earned--in 7 innings. For the Braves, the win was their 86th of the season and their last in 12 years as the Milwaukee Braves; the team moved to Atlanta after the 1965 season.
Jim Pagliaroni singled home Roberto Clemente and Donn Clendenon with 1 out in the 9th inning to give the Pittsburgh Pirates a 2-1 win over the Chicago Cubs before 3,441 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. Bob Veale started on the mound for Pittsburgh and allowed 5 hits and 1 earned run in 8 innings, striking out 9. He was relieved by Roy Face, who pitched a perfect 9th inning and was credited with the win. Losing pitcher Dick Ellsworth allowed 5 hits and 2 runs--1 earned--in 8 1/3 innings and was tagged with the loss. He was relieved by Ted Abernathy, who intentionally walked Andre Rodgers before giving up the hit by Mr. Pagliaroni.
Dave McNally pitched a 2-hitter and struck out 10 as the Baltimore Orioles shut out the Cleveland Indians 2-0 in the first game of a doubleheader before 2,881 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Losing pitcher Tom Kelley allowed 6 hits and 2 earned runs in 7 2/3 innings. Lee Stange allowed 5 hits and 2 earned runs in 8 1/3 innings to win the pitchers' duel over John Miller as the Indians won the second game 3-2.
Tommy John pitched a 4-hitter, and Tom McCraw hit a home run and single and scored 2 runs as the Chicago White Sox defeated the Kansas City Athletics 6-1 before 5,029 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Rollie Sheldon started on the mound for Kansas City and allowed 4 hits and 1 run--earned--in 7 innings before being relieved by Don Mossi, who allowed 1 hit, 1 base on balls, and 2 runs--both earned--in 1/3 inning and was tagged with the loss in the 463rd and last game of his 12-year major league career.
40 years ago
Died on this date
Al Jackson, Jr., 39. U.S. musician. Mr. Jackson was the drummer with Booker T. and the M.G.'s in the 1960s and '70s. He was shot to death at his home, ostensibly by burglars.
The Seychelles gained internal self-government.
The Ellice Islands split from the Gilbert Islands and took the name Tuvalu.
Italy and Yugoslavia formally ended their dispute over Trieste, as Italy ceded territory south of Trieste to Yugoslavia.
Muhammad Ali (49-2) retained his world heavyweight title with a knockout of former champion Joe Frazier (32-3) at the end of the 14th round before 25,000 fans at Araneta Coliseum in Quezon City, Philippines, a fight that Mr. Ali had dubbed the "Thrilla in Manila." It was the second victory for Mr. Ali in three fights against "Smokin' Joe."
Ottawa (8-4) 16 @ Hamilton (2-8-1) 11
Rod Woodward, who had rushed for his team's only touchdown while serving as holder for placekicks in the previous game, returned an interception 63 yards in the 3rd quarter for the Rough Riders' only touchdown as they defeated the Tiger-Cats before 20,221 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium. Gerry Organ converted and added 2 field goals and 2 singles. Mr. Woodward, who was having an outstanding season, suffered a broken left arm in the 4th quarter and was lost for the rest of the season; it ws the same arm that he had broken in a pre-season game in 1970 which had cost him that entire season. The only Hamilton touchdown also came from the defence, when linebacker Lou Clare recovered a Rough Rider fumble in the Ottawa end zone 7 minutes after Mr. Woodward's TD. Former Dallas Cowboy Les Strayhorn played his first CFL game for Hamilton, leading all rushers with 119 yards on 20 carries and catching 4 passes for 18 yards. Art Green led the Rough Rides with 20 carries for 74 yards. Ottawa quarterback Tom Clements completed just 8 of 20 passes for 116 yards, and the Rough Riders managed just 12 first downs. Hamilton quarterbacks Jerry Keeling (8 for 15) and Jim McMillan (4 for 7) completed 12 of 23 passes, but for just 78 yards, and the Tiger-Cats managed only 11 first downs. It was the only CFL game for Ottawa ddefensive lineman Jim "Bubba" McCollum.
30 years ago
Died on this date
E.B. White, 86. U.S. writer. Mr. White contributed to The New Yorker for about 60 years, and was co-author of The Elements of Style (1959) and author of the children's novels Stuart Little (1945) and Charlotte's Web (1952).
The Israeli Air Force bombed Palestine Liberation Organization Headquarters in Tunis.
Gangs of youths rioted in parts of London and Liverpool.
Ron Darling of the New York Mets and John Tudor of the St. Louis Cardinals each pitched 10 shutout innings, but Darryl Strawberry hit a long home run off reliever Ken Dayley in the 11th to give the Mets a 1-0 win before 46,026 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis and move within 2 games of the Cardinals in the National League east Division pennant race.
25 years ago
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Thunderstruck--AC/DC (2nd week at #1)
Died on this date
Curtis LeMay, 83. U.S. military officer. General LeMay was credited with devising a campaign of strategic bombing in the Pacific theatre of operations during World War II. After the war, he initiated the Berlin airlift, reorganized the Strategic Air Command, and served as U.S. Air Force Chief of Staff from 1961-1965. Gen. LeMay was the American Independent Party's candidate for Vice President of the United States in 1968, as the running mate of Alabama Governor George Wallace.
U.S. President George Bush addressed the United Nations General Assembly and said that he hoped for a diplomatic solution to the crisis involving the invasion of Kuwait by Iraqi forces in August and the subsequent buildup of western forces in nearby countries.
The United States House of Representatives voted 380-29 to adopt a resolution endorsing the actions of President George Bush in the Persian Gulf.
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney announced that it would privatize Petro-Canada, which had 3,300 outlets and $6.8 billion in assets. The move limited foreign ownership to 25%, with no one investor to own more than 10% of the company.
Dwight Evans singled home Ellis Burks with 1 out in the bottom of the 8th inning with the winning run as the Boston Red Sox, who had allowed 3 runs in the top of the 8th, edged the Chicago White Sox 4-3 before 31,118 fans at Fenway Park in Boston to clinch at least a tie for the American League East Division title.
Mike Devereaux and Sam Horn each hit home runs to help the Baltimore Orioles defeat the Toronto Blue Jays 6-3 before 24,442 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore, leaving the Blue Jays 2 games behind the Boston Red Sox with 2 games to play for each team in the American League East Division pennant race.
Juan Samuel hit a home run to lead off the 8th inning and Eddie Murray singled home Jose Offerman with none out in the 9th to give the Los Angeles Dodgers a 2-1 win over the San Diego Padres before 23,730 fans at Dodger Stadium, giving Ramon Martinez his 20th win of the season. Andy Benes took the loss, allowing 7 hits and 1 earned run in pitching a complete game.
20 years ago
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): I Wanna Be a Hippy--Technohead
#1 single in Switzerland: You are Not Alone--Michael Jackson
10 Muslims, led by Sheik Omar Abdel Rahman, were convicted in New York on 48 of 50 counts of conspiracy to conduct a terrorist campaign, including bombings and assassinations, in the New York City area.
Shreveport (4-11) 20 @ Birmingham (8-6) 34
Baltimore (12-3) 28 @ Saskatchewan (5-9) 24
British Columbia (9-5) 36 @ Edmonton (10-5) 39 (OT)
Matt Dunigan threw touchdown passes to Keith Woodside, Marcus Grant, Jason Phillips, and Eddie Britton to lead the Barracudas over the Pirates before 6,314 fans at Legion Field. Freeman Baysinger opened the scoring for Shreveport when he returned the opening kickoff 86 yards for a touchdown. Quarterback Billy Joe Tolliver rushed 1 yard for the other Shreveport TD late in the 4th quarter.
Tracy Ham rushed 45 yards for a touchdown and Carlos Huerta converted to give the Stallions a 1-point lead in the 4th quarter, which they extended to 4 points as they defeated the Roughriders before 30,738 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. Mike Pringle rushed for 2 Baltimore touchdowns. Saskatchewan quarterback Tom Burgess completed 2 touchdown passes and a 2-point convert pass to Don Narcisse.
Kerwin Bell completed a 15-yard touchdown pass to Shalon Baker in the 2nd half of overtime to give the Eskimos their win over the Lions before 30,046 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. After Lui Passaglia's fifth field goal of the game had given B.C. a 29-26 lead, Mr. Bell drove the Eskimos 75 yards in 28 seconds, rushing 1 yard for his second touchdown of the game with 1 second remaining in regulation time, with Sean Fleming's convert tying the game 29-29 and sending the game into overtime. Mr. Fleming kicked a 12-yard field goal to give the Eskimos the lead in the 1st half of overtime, but B.C. quarterback Danny McManus promptly answered with a 75-yard touchdown pass to Matt Clark, with Mr. Passaglia converting to give the Lions a 36-32 lead. Michael Soles scored the other Edmonton touchdown on a 12-yard rush in the 4th quarter. Zed Robinson rushed 14 yards to open the scoring for B.C. in the 1st quarter, and Robert Gordon scored the other B.C. TD on a pass from Mr. McManus with 1:36 remaining in the game to give the Lions a 26-22 lead after Mr. Passaglia's convert. Mr. Bell completed 28 of 48 passes for 395 yards. It was the first CFL game for Edmonton defensive lineman Pat McNerney.
10 years ago
Three suicide bombers killed 19 additional people when they detonated bombs in two tourist areas on the Indonesian resort island of Bali.
Montreal (7-6) 32 @ Calgary (7-7) 11
Saskatchewan (8-6) 28 @ British Columbia (11-2) 19
Manitoba 14 @ Alberta (4-0) 24
The Bowery Boys’ William Shakespeare Collection: Four stories of the Bard and the big city - William Shakespeare died 402 years ago today — April 23, 1616. Seven years earlier, his countryman Henry Hudson, sailing for The post The Bowery Boys’ Wi...
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