Friday, 23 October 2015

October 23, 2015

300 years ago
1715


Born on this date
Peter II
. Emperor of Russia, 1727-1730. Peter II, the only son of Prince Alexis and grandson of Peter I (the Great), succeeded his grandfather's second wife Catherine I on the throne. He led a dissolute life despite his tender years, and died of smallpox on January 30, 1730 at the age of 14, ending the direct male line of the Romanov dynasty. Peter II was succeeded on the throne by Anna Ivanovna, daughter of Peter the Great's half-brother and co-ruler Ivan V.

130 years ago
1885

Baseball

World Series
Chicago White Stockings 9 St. Louis Browns 2 @ Cincinnati (Chicago led seven-game series 3-2-1)

Jim McCormick pitched a 2-hitter to lead the White Stockings to their win over the Browns before 1,500 fans at League Park. The win was the second of the Series for Mr. McCormick, while Bob Caruthers took his first loss. The White Stockings made 10 errors, the Browns 7.

100 years ago
1915


Abominations
25,000-33,000 women marched on Fifth Avenue in New York City to advocate their right to vote.

Football
IRFU
Toronto (1-2) 17 @ Ottawa (2-1) 9
Hamilton (3-0) 22 @ Montreal (0-3) 1

ORFU
Hamilton (1-2) 30 @ Toronto (2-1) 8

80 years ago
1935


Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King and his Liberal cabinet were sworn in in, replacing the Conservative government of Prime Minister R.B. Bennett. Mr. King's Quebec lieutenant Ernest Lapointe was appointed Minister of Justice, and Charles Dunning was appointed Minister of Finance.

Baseball
Chicago Cubs’ catcher Gabby Hartnett was named the Most Valuable Player in the National League. St. Louis Cardinals’ pitcher Dizzy Dean was runner-up.

75 years ago
1940


War
The Royal Canadian Navy destroyer Margaree was sunk in a collision in the Atlantic Ocean.

Baseball
Cincinnati Reds’ first baseman Frank McCormick was named the Most Valuable Player in the National League. St. Louis Cardinals’ first baseman Johnny Mize was runner-up, followed in order by Cincinnati pitchers Bucky Walters and Paul Derringer.

70 years ago
1945


Baseball
Brooklyn Dodgers' president Branch Rickey announced that Jackie Robinson of the Kansas City Monarchs of the Negro American League had signed to play with the Montreal Royals, the Dodgers' farm club in the International League, in 1946.

60 years ago
1955


On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Don't Come Back Alive, starring Sidney Blackmer and Robert Emhardt

Politics and government
Prime Minister Ngô Đình Diệm defeated former Emperor Bảo Đại in a referendum, and founded the Republic of Vietnam.

Football
ORFU
Sarnia (5-6) 0 @ Toronto (1-9) 25

Al Niskanen, Pat Rupert, and Bob Lee scored touchdowns for Balmy Beach as they shut out the Imperials. Don Guest converted 2 of the touchdowns and added 2 field goals and a single, and Billy Bass also kicked a convert.

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Que Sera, Sera (Whatever Will Be, Will Be)/Shakin' All Over--Normie Rowe (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Mes Mains Sur Tes Hanches--Salvatore Adamo (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Si fa sera--Gianni Morandi (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): (I Can't Get No) Satisfaction--The Rolling Stones

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): This Strange Effect--Dave Berry

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Tears--Ken Dodd (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Yesterday--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 A Lover's Concerto--The Toys
2 Yesterday--The Beatles
3 Get Off My Cloud--The Rolling Stones
4 Treat Her Right--Roy Head and the Traits
5 Hang on Sloopy--The McCoys
6 Everybody Loves a Clown--Gary Lewis and the Playboys
7 Keep on Dancing--The Gentrys
8 Just a Little Bit Better--Herman's Hermits
9 The "In" Crowd--The Ramsey Lewis Trio
10 Do You Believe in Magic?--Lovin' Spoonful

Singles entering the chart were I Hear a Symphony by the Supremes (#59); My Baby by the Temptations (#66); May the Bird of Paradise Fly Up Your Nose by "Little" Jimmy Dickens (#74); Boys (#75)/Kansas City (#81) by the Beatles; Make the World Go Away by Eddy Arnold (#85); Turn! Turn! Turn! (To Everything There is a Season) by the Byrds (#88); Remember When by Wayne Newton (#89); Honky Tonk '65 by Lonnie Mack (#93); Seesaw by Don Covay and the Goodtimers (#96); Don't Have to Shop Around by the Mad Lads (#97); Misty by the Vibrations (#99); Never Had it So Good by Ronnie Milsap (#100); I Want to Meet Him by the Royalettes (also #100); and She's With Her Other Love by Leon Hayward (also #100).

War
The 1st Cavalry Division (United States) (Airmobile), in conjunction with South Vietnamese forces, launched a new operation seeking to destroy North Vietnamese forces in Pleiku in the II Corps Tactical Zone (the Central Highlands).

Crime
Federation de Liberation du Quebec terrorists broke into the offices of the Parti National Démocratique de Montréal.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (9-4) 6 @ Montreal (4-9) 2
Edmonton (5-10) 24 @ Winnipeg (10-5) 40

Hamilton quarterback Frank Cosentino completed just 4 of 13 passes and threw 3 interceptions, but the Tiger-Cats got a 22-yard field goal by Don Sutherin, a punt single by Joe Zuger, and a safety touch as they defeated the Alouettes before 17,000 fans at Molson Stadium. The Alouettes' points came on a pair of singles on wide field goal attempts by Charlie Baillie.

Dave Raimey scored a touchdown and helped set up 4 other TDs as the Blue Bombers came back from a 24-9 deficit to defeat the Eskimos before 16,104 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Edmonton quarterback Bill Redell rushed for a touchdown and pitched out to Jim Thomas for another, while linebacker Howie Schumm scored the otehr Edmonton TD. Tommy-Joe Coffey converted all 3 and added a single on a wide field goal attempt.

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Rhinestone Cowboy--Glen Campbell

Politics and government
Whitehorse mayor Paul Lucier was named the first Canadian Senator from the Yukon.

30 years ago
1985


Diplomacy
U. S. President Ronald Reagan hosted a reception for world leaders who had come to New York for ceremonies celebrating the 40th anniversary of the United Nations. Mr. Reagan’s welcome was restrained for Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega, whom Mr. Reagan had repeatedly denounced. Japanese Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone addressed the UN General Assembly and warned of the dangers of letting protectionism interfere with free international trade.

Politics and government
Pierre-Marc Johnson, son of former Premier Daniel Johnson (1966-1968), was sworn in as Premier of Quebec, replacing the retiring René Lévesque. Mr. Johnson called a provincial election for December 2.

Law
U.S. Supreme Court Justice John Paul Stevens, addressing the Federal Bar Association in Chicago, stated that Attorney General Edwin Meese’s view of the original intention of the United States Constitution was "somewhat incomplete" because it "overlooks the importance of subsequent events in the development of our law." Justice Stevens cited the impact of the amendments passed after the Civil War, and he noted that no Supreme Court justice in 60 years had questioned that the 14th Amendment extended the protection of the Bill of Rights to the states.

Labour
An agreement was reached between United Automobile Workers in the United States and Chrysler Corporation, ending a week-long strike. The agreement provided for wage parity with workers at General Motors and Ford Motor Company.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that the consumer price index had risen 0.2% in September and was advancing at an annual rate of just 3.2% for the first nine months of 1985.

Baseball
World Series
Kansas City Royals 0 @ St. Louis Cardinals 3 (St. Louis led best-of-seven series 3-1)

John Tudor pitched a 5-hitter and struck out 8 to lead the Cardinals over the Royals before 53,634 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium. Tito Landrum and Willie McGee each hit solo home runs for the Cardinals. For Mr. Tudor, it was his second win of the Series. Losing pitcher Bud Black was removed for a pinch hitter after 5 innings.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Shut Up (And Sleep with Me)--Sin With Sebastian (4th week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Until I Hear it from You--Gin Blossoms (5th week at #1)
2 I Wish You Well--Tom Cochrane
3 Kiss from a Rose--Seal
4 Back for Good--Take That
5 Only Wanna Be with You--Hootie & the Blowfish
6 This--Rod Stewart
7 I'm Shattered--Barney Bentall
8 You Oughta Know--Alanis Morisette
9 Side of the Road--Blue Rodeo
10 I Will Remember You--Sarah McLauchlan

Singles entering the chart were Your Little Secret by Melissa Etheridge (#89); Let Me Be the One by Blessid Union of Souls (#93); Good Intentions by Toad the Wet Sprocket (#97); Collide by Sandbox (#98); Good Mother by Jann Arden (#99); and Sentimental by Deborah Cox (#100).

Politics and government
320,954 voters turned out to vote at advance polls for the referendum in Quebec on the province's independence from Canada.

Economics and finance
Anxiety over the Quebec independence referendum sent the Canadian dollar and the country's stock markets plunging.

Crime
Yolanda Saldívar was found guilty by a jury in Houston of first-degree murder in the March 31, 1995 shooting death of popular Latin singer Selena. Three days later, Miss Saldívar was sentenced to life in prison, and eligible for parole in 2025.

10 years ago
2005


Football
CFL
Calgary (9-7) 29 @ Saskatchewan (8-9) 21

Baseball
World Series
Houston Astros 6 @ Chicago White Sox 7 (Chicago led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Scott Podsednik hit a solo home run off Brad Lidge with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the White Sox their win over the Astros before 41,432 fans at U.S. Cellular Field. The White Sox led 6-4 going into the 9th, but relief pitcher Bobby Jenks blew the save, as Jose Vizcaino singled home 2 runs with 2 out to tie the game.

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