Wednesday, 18 February 2015

February 18, 2015

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Paul Jelley and Ezra Levant!

200 years ago
1815


War
The Treaty of Ghent, ending the War of 1812 between the United Kingdom and the United States, went into effect when it was unanimously approved by the United States Senate. The treaty had been signed in the Flemish city of Ghent on December 24, 1814.

150 years ago
1865


War
In the U.S. Civil War, Union forces under Major General William T. Sherman set the South Carolina State House on fire during the burning of Columbia. Charleston, South Carolina surrendered control of the city to Union Brigadier General Alexander Schimmelfennig.

130 years ago
1885


Literature
Mark Twain’s novel The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was published.

125 years ago
1890


Born on this date
Edward Arnold
. U.S. actor. Mr. Arnold, born Gunther Edward Arnold Schneider, was a beefy character actor who was known for playing authority figures, especially villainous ones. His movies included Come and Get It (1936); The Toast of New York (1937); You Can't Take it with You (1938); Mr. Smith Goes to Washington (1939); Meet John Doe (1941); and The Devil and Daniel Webster (1941). Mr. Arnold died of a cerebral hemorrhage at the age of 66 on April 26, 1956.

Adolphe Menjou. U.S. actor. Mr. Menjou was known for his moustache and natty attire in such movies as The Sheik (1921); A Woman of Paris (1923); The Front Page (1931); A Star is Born (1937); The Hucksters (1947); and State of the Union (1948). His opposition to Communism in the late 1940s and 1950s led to a decline in acting opportunities. Mr. Menjou died of hepatitis on October 29, 1963 at the age of 73.

100 years ago
1915


Born on this date
Phyllis Calvert
. U.K. actress. Miss Calvert, born Phyllis Bickle, was a leading lady in British films in the 1940s and '50s. Her movies included Kipps (1941); The Man in Grey (1943); Appointment with Danger (1951); Mandy (1952); Indiscreet (1958); and Mrs. Dalloway (1997). Miss Calvert died on October 8, 2002 at the age of 87.

75 years ago
1940


War
Shanghai authorities reported the landing of Japanese forces at Haiteng and on the Luchow Peninsula in southern China.

Politics and government
A Gallup Poll reported that Democratic voters favoured President Franklin D. Roosevelt over Vice President John Nance "Cactus Jack" Garner by a 7-1 margin as the party's nominee for President of the United States in the November 1940 election.

Economics and finance
The British Treasury took control of 60 American stocks held by British subjects.

70 years ago
1945


War
U.S. forces in Germany expanded their bridgehead over the Our and Sauer Rivers north of Echternach to 5 miles. Soviet forces moved to within 16 miles east of Dresden and completed mop-up operations in Pomerania and Brandenburg. Japanese forces recaptured the Chinese townn of Pingshek, regaining control of the Canton-Hankow railway. The Soviet newspaper Pravda accused China of not giving its full effort to the war.

60 years ago
1955


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Softly, Softly--Ruby Murray

Defense
Wasp, the first of fourteen shots in the Operation Teapot series of nuclear tests at the Nevada Test Site, was successfully detonated, with a yield of 1.2 kilotons.

Boxing
Former world heavyweight champion Ezzard Charles (84-12-1) won a 10-round unanimous decision over Charley Norkus (26-13) at Madison Square Garden in New York.

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Tired of Waiting for You--The Kinks

Music
The Beatles were at EMI Studios in London, where they recorded the songs Tell Me What You See, You've Got to Hide Your Love Away, and If You've Got Trouble.

Africana
The Gambia gained its independence from Britain.

Politics and government
The second report of the Canadian Royal Commission on Health Services outlined workings of the new pre-paid medical care plan.

Disasters
An avalanche on Grandue Mountain killed 18 copper miners, 8 others at the Oranduc Mines camp 30 miles north of Stewart, British Columbia.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): I Want to Know What Love Is--Foreigner (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Tenshi no Wink--Seiko Matsuda (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): The NeverEnding Story--Limahl

The NeverEnding Story was the title song of the movie (1984).

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Welcome to Our World--John Grenell (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Bakerman--Laid Back

#1 single in Switzerland: Get Up! (Before the Night Is Over)--Technotronic

Politics and government
The Liberal Democratic Party won a decisive victory in elections to the lower house of the Diet in Japan. The LDs’ long rule had appeared threatened by the Recruit Company scandal, in which the conglomerate had given millions of dollars (actually yen, I suppose) in cash and stocks to leading politicians. However, the party lost only a few seats and held a majority in the lower house. The Socialist Party, the principal opposition, gained ground, but mostly at the expense of smaller parties. The results appeared to strengthen the position of Prime Minister Toshiki Kaifu.

Diplomacy
Czechoslovakian President Vaclav Havel began a trip to North American with a visit to Ottawa, where he met with Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Another Night--Real McCoy (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Stay Another Day--East 17 (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): A Girl Like You--Edwyn Collins

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Think Twice--Celine Dion (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Creep--TLC (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Take a Bow--Madonna
2 Creep--TLC
3 On Bended Knee--Boyz II Men
4 Strong Enough--Sheryl Crow
5 Hold My Hand--Hootie & the Blowfish
6 You Gotta Be--Des'ree
7 Every Day of the Week--Jade
8 Sukiyaki--4 P.M.
9 I Know--Dionne Farris
10 Another Night--Real McCoy

Singles entering the chart were This Lil' Game We Play by Subway featuring 702 (#61); Sour Times (Nobody Loves Me) by Portishead (#65); Tour by Capleton (#69); Mad Izm by Channel Live (#72); I Believe by Blessid Union of Souls (#79); Keep Givin' Me Your Love by Ce Ce Peniston (#81); and She's a River by Simple Minds (#88).

Politics and government
The executive board of the U.S. civil rights organization National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) voted 30-29 to elect Myrlie Evers, widow of civil rights activist Medgar Evers, to replace Benjamin Chavis as chairman. Mrs. Evers, whose husband had been gunned down outside the couple's Jackson, Mississippi home in 1963 by white racist Byron De La Beckwith, had been commissioner of the Los Angeles Board of Public Works and an executive at Atlantic Richfield and an advertising firm. Mr. Chavis had been fired in 1994 amidst allegations of mismanagement, as the NAACP faced a debt of $4 million.

10 years ago
2005


Society
A ban on fox hunting with dogs in England and Wales came into force.

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