Saturday, 13 April 2019

April 10, 2019

400 years ago

Died on this date
Thomas Jones, 68-69 (?)
. English-born Irish clergyman. Mr. Jones, a Protestant, was both Archbishop of Dublin and Lord Chancellor of Ireland from 1605 until his death.

225 years ago

Born on this date
Matthew Perry
. U.S. military officer. Commodore Perry served with the United States Navy in the War of 1812 and the Mexican-American War (1846-1848), but was best known for his role as Commander of the East India Squadron (1852-1854), leading an expedition with the purpose of opening Japanese ports to American trade. Heavy drinking led to Commodore Perry's death from cirrhosis of the liver on March 4, 1858 at the age of 63.

210 years ago

The War of the Fifth Coalition began when forces of the Austrian Empire invade Bavaria.

110 years ago

Died on this date
Algernon Charles Swinburne, 72
. U.K. poet. Mr. Swinburne was a poet of the decadent school; a drunkard and masochist until he was in his mid-40s, he eventually settled into social respectability, although his literary output declined. Mr. Swinburne died five days after his 72nd birthday.

100 years ago

Born on this date
John Houbolt
. U.S. aeronautical engineer. Mr. Houbolt was the main figure advocating for the lunar orbit rendezvous method of conducting manned missions to the Moon and back in the 1960s. He died on April 15, 2014, five days after his 95th birthday.

Died on this date
Emiliano Zapata Salazar, 39
. Mexican revolutionary. Mr. Zapata was a leader of the peasant agrarian protest movement in the state of Morelos in the 1910s; he was allied with Pancho Villa, but opposed the revolutionary faction led by Venustiano Carranza. Mr. Zapata was assassinated in an ambush led by Colonel Jesús Guajardo, and became widely regarded as a martyr for the cause of agrarian reform.

Quebeckers voted 78.62% in favour in a referendum on this question: "Should the sale of light beer, cider and wines be allowed?" Quebec's subsequent prohibition law, effective on May 1, 1919, only applied to spirits, but 90% of Quebec municipalities were already prohibiting its sale locally.

Harry Hawker and MacKenzie Grieve made the first airplane flight in Newfoundland at St. John's in a test for a transatlantic attempt.

75 years ago

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Man Who was Hanged

D.H. Lawrence's novel The First Lady Chatterly was published in New York.

Soviet forces captured Odessa, which had been under Nazi control since October 1941. Two small Nazi thrusts were repulsed on the British beachhead south of Rome and by the Italians holding Mount Marrone. The government of Canada announced that Canadian forces would be increased by 98,000 in the next 12 months.

World events
10 army officers were executed as ringleaders of the previous week's abortive revolt in El Salvador.

Liberia became the 35th member of the proposed United Nations.

The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Florida's "peonage" law was unconstitutional, holding that "involuntary servitude" could not be enforced "even if voluntarily contracted for."

The U.S. Supreme Court sustained a National War Labor Board decision finding the Medo Supply Company of New York guilty of unfair practices in dealing individually with employees who abandoned membership in a union.

The annual report of the U.S. Foundation for Infantile Paralysis expressed regret at the publicity given to the Kenny method for treating polio.

70 years ago

The New York Herald Tribune listed The Big Fisherman by Lloyd C. Douglas and Cheaper by the Dozen by Frank Gilbreth and Ernestine Carey as the best-selling fiction and non-fiction books, respectively.

The International Radio Conference in Mexico City ended after the U.S.A. and U.S.S.R. refused to sign a proposed agreement on the use of shortwave frequencies.

Politics and government
The Western Allies presented their proposed German occupation statute to the West German Parliamentary Council in Bonn, which objected to provisions for continued Allied supervision of German foreign trade and industrial research.

The Stalin Prizes for scientific research in the U.S.S.R. went to physicists Sergei Vernov of the University of Moscow and George Latyshev of the University of Leningrad, and to Tromim Lysenko, leader of the officially-favoured environmentalist school of genetics.

Rivalry between leftist and conservative factions at an International Longshoremen's and Warehouseman's Union convention in San Francisco resulted in the nomination of Thomas George to challenge leftist Harry Bridges as union president. It was the first attempt in eight years to unseat Mr. Bridges.

Sam Snead shot his second consecutive 5-under-par 67 round to win the Masters at Augusta National Golf Club in Augusta, Georgia. Mr. Snead finished with a 6-under-par total score of 282, 3 strokes ahead of Johnny Bulla and Lloyd Mangrum. First prize money was $2,750. Mr. Snead became the first Masters winner to receive a green jacket.

Stanley Cup
Toronto 3 @ Detroit 1 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Sid Smith scored a natural hat trick for the Maple Leafs as they beat the Red Wings at Olympia Stadium. Pete Horeck scored for Detroit with 14:10 remaining in regulation time to spoil Toronto goalie Turk Broda's bid for a shutout.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Side Saddle--Russ Conway (3rd week at #1)

At the movies
Gidget, directed by Paul Wendkos, and starring Sandra Dee, James Darren, and Cliff Robertson, opened in theatres.

Died on this date
Leonard Shockley, 17
. U.S. criminal. Mr. Shockley, a Negro, was executed in the gas chamber in Maryland for the January 16, 1958 murder of shopkeeper Sarah Hearne, which took place when he was 16. His brother Harold, then 23, accompanied him, and was sentenced to life imprisonment, but was eventually released. Leonard Shockley became the last person under the age of 18 to be executed in the United States.

Married on this date
Crown Prince Akihito of Japan and commoner Michiko Shoda were married in a Shinto ceremony in Tokyo.

World events
An Indian plane was shot down when it strayed over the border into Pakistan. Indian Defense Minister Krishna Menon claimed the plane was photographing Indian territory.

French police arrested 465 Algerian nationalist "agitators" in Lyons, Marseilles, and other French cities.

Virginia Governor J. Lindsay Almond, Jr. (Democrat), denounced by segregationists for advocating a moderate line on racial integration, escaped unhurt when a gunman fired at him as he left the Executive Mansion in Richmond.

Police dispersed followers of the newly-formed Uganda Nationalist Movement as they marched in Kampala to support demands for a boycott of non-African businesses.

Canada's first privately-owned nuclear research reactor went into operation, at McMaster University in Hamilton.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): My Son John--The Rebels

On television tonight
Dragnet 1969, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Frauds: DR-36

Died on this date
Harley Earl, 75
. U.S. automotive designer and executive. Mr. Earl, the son of a coach builder, was the chief designer at General Motors and became vice president of the company in a career at GM spanning more than 30 years. He's perhaps best remembered for introducing tail fins, which became popular on GM cars and those of other cars in the 1950s and '60s. Mr. Earl died of a stroke.

Alvin Bentley, 50. U.S. politician and diplomat. Mr. Bentley, a Republican, served with the United States Foreign Service (1942-1950) before entering politics. He represented Michigan's 8th District in the U.S. House of Representatives (1953-1961), and was best known for being one of five Congressmen who were wounded in an armed attack on the House by five Puerto Rican terrorists on March 1, 1954. Mr. Bentley unsuccessfully ran for the Senate in 1960 and the House of Representatives in 1962. His health took a turn for the worse when he was required to use a wheelchair after some form of corrective surgery, and he died of an "inflammation affecting the central nervous system" while on vacation in Tucson, Arizona.

World events
A coup attempt against Central African Republic President Jean-Bédel Bokassa, led by Health Minister Alexandre Banza, was foiled; Mr. Banza was executed two days later.

Communist negotiators accused U.S. President Richard Nixon's administration of spreading false rumours of private meetings at the Vietnam War peace talks in Paris.

United States President Richard Nixon, in an address to the 15 North Atlantic Treaty Organization foreign ministers at a ceremony celebrating the alliance’s 20th anniversary, proposed new machinery for closer consultation within the alliance.

Politics and government
French President Charles de Gaulle, in a 50-minute television address, said that he would resign if the nation rejected his proposals for regional reform and Senate transformation in a referendum to be held later in the month.

Harvard University President Nathan Pusey called in 400 state and local policemen to end the occupation of University Hall by 300 student militants. 197 were arrested and 37 injured in the resulting melee.

Stanley Cup
Oakland 3 @ Los Angeles 4 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

Boston 2 @ Montreal 3 (OT) (Montreal led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Derek Sanderson scored twice to give the Bruins a 2-0 lead after 2 periods, but John Ferguson scored with 6:32 remaining in regulation time to get Montreal on the scoreboard, Jean Beliveau scored the tying goal with 56 seconds left, and Ralph Backstrom scored 42 seconds into the 1st overtime period to give the Canadiens the win at the Montreal Forum.

40 years ago

A bomb exploded in Tel Aviv, killing 1 and injuring 36. Israeli jets retaliated against two guerrilla bases in Lebanon.

Politics and government
"White Roll" elections for the House of Assembly in Zimbabwe Rhodesia resulted in the Rhodesian Front, led by Ian Smith, winning all 28 seats contested. Voting in the "Common Roll" elections, in which every adult in the country had a vote, concluded on April 21.

A tentative settlement was reached in the 10-day strike by 300,000 Teamsters that had idled most of the trucking industry in the United States.

A tornado landed in Wichita Falls, Texas, killing 42 people.

Stanley Cup
Preliminary Round
Vancouver 3 @ Philadelphia 2 (Vancouver led best-of-three series 1-0)
Los Angeles 1 @ New York Rangers 7 (New York led best-of-three series 1-0)
Toronto 2 @ Atlanta 1 (Toronto led best-of-three series 1-0)
Pittsburgh 4 @ Buffalo 3 (Pittsburgh led best-of-three series 1-0)

On the Hockey Night in Canada national telecast, Walt McKechnie scored both Toronto goals in the 2nd period of the Maple Leafs' win over the Flames at the Omni.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): She Drives Me Crazy--Fine Young Cannibals (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Like a Prayer--Madonna (5th week at #1)

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Without You--Mariah Carey

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Streets of Philadelphia--Bruce Springsteen

#1 single in Switzerland: It's Alright--East 17 (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Everything Changes--Take That (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Sam B. Hall, Jr., 70
. U.S. politician and judge. Mr. Hall, a Democrat, represented Texas' 1st District in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1976-1985, and sat on the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Texas from 1985 until his death.

North Atlantic Treaty Organization forces began attacking Serb forces in Bosnia when two U.S. aircraft bombed and destroyed a Serb command post in the first-ever NATO air attack against ground targets.

World events
France reported that its paratroopers had evacuated 525 French expatriates from Rwanda. 800 Belgian paratroopers arrived to evacuate the estimated 1,500 Belgian citizens who had lived there.

Jose Maria Olazabal shot a 3-under-par 69 in the final round to win the Masters at Augusta National Golf Club in Augusta, Georgia for the second time. His 9-under-par total score of 279 left him 2 strokes ahead of Tom Lehman. First prize money was $360,000.

20 years ago

Died on this date
Jean Vander Pyl, 79
. U.S. actress. M Vander Pyl appeared in radio and television programs, but was best known as a voice actress in Hanna-Barbera cartoons, and especially for providing the voice of Wilma Flintstone in The Flintstones (1960-1966). She died of lung cancer.

10 years ago

Politics and government
Fijian President Ratu Josefa Iloilo announced the abrogation of the constitution and assumed all governance in the country, creating a constitutional crisis.

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