Sunday, 21 November 2010

November 21, 2010

390 years ago

The Mayflower Compact, which provided the basis for all governments of the American colonies, was signed by 41 of the 100-102 pilgrims aboard the Mayflower. According to the Old Style of dating then in effect, the date on the document was November 11.

110 years ago

American League President Ban Johnson announced that the AL, which had operated as a minor league in 1900, would expand to eastern cities and would operate as a major league in 1901.

100 years ago

The University of Alberta student newspaper The Gateway published its first edition.

60 years ago

On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Death Cards, starring Francis L. Sullivan

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Stay--Maurice Williams and the Zodiacs

Mercury-Redstone 1, an attempt to launch an unmanned Mercury spacecraft aboard a Redstone rocket, lasted just 2 seconds, with the rocket rising just 4 inches, when the engine shut down. The spacecraft's escape tower then launched and landed 400 yards away, and the drogue parachutes deployed as they would have with a splashdown. The problem was caused by plugs at the base of the Redstone pulling out in the wrong order. The spacecraft was reused aboard a different Redstone booster for Mercury-Redstone 1A on December 19, 1960.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K.: Voodoo Chile--Jimi Hendrix Experience

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Think I Love You--The Partridge Family

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Think I Love You--The Partridge Family
2 I’ll Be There--The Jackson 5
3 The Tears of a Clown--Smokey Robinson and the Miracles
4 Fire and Rain--James Taylor
5 Indiana Wants Me--R. Dean Taylor
6 Somebody’s Been Sleeping--100 Proof Aged in Soul
7 Gypsy Woman--Brian Hyland
8 We’ve Only Just Begun--Carpenters
9 All Right Now--Free
10 Green-Eyed Lady--Sugarloaf

Singles entering the chart included If I Were Your Woman by Gladys Knight and the Pips (#74); River Deep--Mountain High by the Supremes and the Four Tops (#77); Your Song by Elton John (#82); Silver Moon by Michael Nesmith and the First National Band (#91); and See the Light by The Flame (#96). The Flame--formerly The Flames--were a South African group composed of Ricky Fataar, Steve Fataar, Brother Fataar, and Blondie Chaplin. After several years of success in South Africa, they were "discovered" by Carl Wilson of the Beach Boys while performing in England, and were signed to the Brother Records label--the only non-Beach Boys artists with the label. Carl Wilson produced the album The Flame, and See the Light was the first single from the album. Ricky Fataar and Blondie Chaplin later joined the Beach Boys.

Calgary’s top 10
1 I Think I Love You--The Partridge Family
2 I’ll Be There--The Jackson 5
3 Lola--The Kinks
4 Green-Eyed Lady--Sugarloaf
5 See Me, Feel Me--The Who
6 Fly Little White Dove, Fly--The Bells
7 It’s Only Make Believe--Glen Campbell
8 Burning Bridges--The Mike Curb Congregation
9 Share the Land--The Guess Who
10 Heed the Call--Kenny Rogers and the First Edition
Pick hit of the week: I Believe in Sunshine--Madrigal

50 U.S. Green Berets helicoptered into and around the Sontay prisoner of war camp, 23 miles from Hanoi, in an attempt to rescue 50-100 of their comrades, only to find that the captives had been evacuated. After a battle in which one U.S. soldier was wounded and an estimated 25 guards were killed, all the Green Berets returned to their 10 craft and then back to their base in Thailand. While returning to their base, the commandos rescued a pilot who had been shot down while flying cover for their mission. In diversionary tactics, F-105s flying escort for their rescue helicopters broke away and attacked antiaircraft and troop sites near the camp. Bombing of North Vietnam intensified.

U.S. war casualties for the week numbered 65 dead--the highest total in 11 weeks--and 335 wounded, many of them injured by booby traps and mines. South Vietnamese casualties were 267 dead and 626 wounded, while North Vietnamese and Viet Cong dead numbered 1,073. U.S. Command in Saigon said that air strikes during the last week possibly set the Communist supply timetable by months.

Eastern Finals
Montreal 11 @ Hamilton 4 (Montreal won 2-game total points series 43-26)

The Alouettes intercepted 5 Hamilton passes and were successful in protecting and extending the lead that they carried into the game. Montreal quarterback Sonny Wade, who also doubled as the team’s punter, punted 70 yards for a single on the last play of the 1st quarter to give the Alouettes a 1-0 lead. The Tiger-Cats responded with a 53-yard gain on a pass from Wally Gabler to Gord Christian from the Hamilton 45-yard line to the Montreal 12. The Montreal defense held, and Tommy-Joe Coffey kicked a 13-yard field goal to give the Tiger-Cats a 3-1 lead. Hamilton increased its lead to 4-1--reducing Montreal’s lead in the series to 33-26--a few minutes later on a 70-yard punt single by Joe Zuger, who backed up Mr. Gabler at quarterback. The Alouettes scored the game’s only touchdown late in the 2nd quarter when Bobby Lee Thompson made his second interception of the game and then Hamilton defensive back John Williams was called for pass interference against Garry Lefebvre at the Tiger-Cats’ 2-yard line. Moses Denson rushed in from 3 yards for the touchdown and George Springate converted to give the Alouettes an 8-4 halftime lead. The Alouettes added a single in the 3rd quarter and scored a safety touch in the 4th quarter when Mike Widger sacked Mr. Zuger in the Hamilton end zone. Mr. Wade completed 12 of 26 passes for 163 yards and gave up an interception to defensive tackle John Barrow--playing the last game of a 14-year Hall of Fame career--who returned the ball 10 yards. Mr. Gabler completed just 12 of 29 passes for 199 yards; Larry Fairholm was the other Montreal player to make an interception off Mr. Gabler. Mr. Zuger completed 1 of 4 passes for 9 yards and gave up interceptions to Al Phaneuf and Mark Kosmos. Moses Denson led all rushers with 60 yards on 13 carries, while Bruce Van Ness added 31 on 10 carries. Mr. Gabler led the Tiger-Cats with 42 yards rushing. Mr. Lefebvre led all receivers with 73 yards on 4 receptions, and teammate Peter Dalla Riva caught 2 passes for 40. Dave Fleming led the Tiger-Cats with 62 yards on 4 receptions, while Garney Henley, who had caught just 3 passes during the regular season while being a full-time defensive back, caught 4 passes for 49 yards. Mr. Wade punted 13 times for a 47-yard average, while Mr. Zuger punted 10 times for a 44-yard average. Mr. Lefebvre and Mr. Williams had a running battle throughout the game which culminated in a fight early in the 4th quarter and the ejection of both players. 24,270 fans were in attendance at Civic Stadium in the last game played there under that name; in 1971 it was renamed Ivor Wynne Stadium.

Canadian College Bowl @ Varsity Stadium, Toronto
Manitoba 38 Ottawa 11

Manitoba quarterback Bob Kraemer completed touchdown passes of 3 yards to Henry Lodewyks and 4 yards to Kim Ziola and rushed 1 yard for a touchdown of his own to lead the Bisons as they captured the Vanier Cup for the second straight year. Mike Shylo rushed 3 yards for a touchdown and Dennis Hrycaiko added another on a 29-yard run as Manitoba amassed 280 yards rushing for the game. Walt McKee was successful on 3 of 4 convert attempts and added a 36-yard field goal; the Bisons were unsuccessful on a 2-point convert attempt. The Bisons also scored a safety touch in the 4th quarter. Claudio Valle kicked a 13-yard field goal in the 2nd quarter for the Gee-Gees, who didn’t hit the scoreboard again until the 4th quarter, when, on the first play after conceding a safety touch, Ottawa quarterback Paul Paddon, the 1970 winner of the Hec Crighton Trophy as the most outstanding player in Canadian university football, connected with Michel Leveille for an 85-yard touchdown pass and completed a pass to Greg Moses for a 2-point convert.

30 years ago

A fire at the MGM Grand Hotel in Las Vegas killed 84 people and injured more than 500.

28 people were killed near Lamezia Terme, Italy when two passenger trains and the uncoupled cars of a freight train were involved in a crash.

25 years ago

On television tonight
The Twilight Zone, on CITV
Tonight’s episode: Dead Woman’s Shoes (starring Helen Mirren); Wong’s Lost and Found Emporium (starring Brian Tochi)

U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev concluded their summit in Geneva, meeting without advisers. They spoke of the world being a "safer place," but reached no agreement regarding the U.S. anti-missile Strategic Defense Initiative.

The Irish Dail voted 88-75 to approve the November 15 agreement with the U.K. giving the Republic of Ireland a formal consultative role in the governing of Northern Ireland.

Jonathan Pollard, an analyst for the U.S. Naval Intelligence Service, was charged with selling classified information to Israel.

20 years ago

The Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe concluded in Paris with the various national leaders signing the Charter of Paris for a New Europe, which declared an end to "the era of confrontation and division in Europe" and pledged a "new era of democracy, peace and unity." The agreement marked an official end to the Cold War.

In New York District Court, Judge Kimba Wood sentenced Michael Milken, a former employee of Drexel Burnham Lambert, Incorporated to 10 years in prison for securities fraud. Mr. Milken had helped to facilitate the corporate takeover boom of the 1980s through the promotion of high-risk, high-yield securities known as "junk bonds." He had pleaded guilty in April 1990 to six felony counts of fraud and agreed to pay fines and restitution totalling $600 million. Judge Wood said a prison term was necessary to deter others in the financial industry from engaging in similar practices.

10 years ago

Politics and government
Peru’s Congress voted 62-9 to reject the previous day’s resignation of President Alberto Fujimori and instead approved a motion to remove him from office. He faced a possible investigation for corruption and rights abuses.

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