Saturday, 6 November 2010

November 6, 2010

150 years ago

Politics and government
Republican party candidate Abraham Lincoln was elected President of the United States. He took 180 electoral votes to 84 for Democratic party candidates John C. Breckinridge (72) and Stephen Douglas (12) and 39 for Union party candidate John Bell. In the popular vote, Mr. Lincoln took 1,865,593 votes (39.8%); Mr. Douglas 1,382,713 (29.5%); Mr. Breckinridge 848,356 (18.1%); and Mr. Bell 592,906 (12.6%).

110 years ago

Politics and government,_1900
William McKinley, representing the Republican party, was re-elected President of the United States, winning his second straight election over William Jennings Bryan, who was the nominee of both the Democratic and Populist parties. Mr. McKinley captured 292 electoral votes to 155 for Mr. Bryan. Mr. McKinley received 7.21 million votes (51.7%) to 6.36 million (45.5%) for Mr. Bryan.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K.: It’s Now or Never--Elvis Presley (2nd week at #1)

40 years ago

Hit parade
Edmonton’s top 10
1 Lola--The Kinks
2 El Condor Pasa--Simon & Garfunkel
3 Yellow River--Christie
4 God, Love, and Rock & Roll (We Believe)--Teegarden & Vanwinkle
5 Green-Eyed Lady--Sugarloaf
6 Ain’t That Tellin’ You People--The Original Caste
7 Cracklin’ Rosie--Neil Diamond
8 Me and Bobby McGee--Gordon Lightfoot
9 Heed the Call--Kenny Rogers and the First Edition
10 Share the Land--The Guess Who

On television tonight
The Interns, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Oath

Israeli Defense Minister Moshe Dayan declared that the extension of the Middle East cease-fire was less restrictive than the original truce because the United Nations General Assembly resolution that initiated it did not ban new military construction in the truce zone.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that the national unemployment rate had risen to 5.6% in October, up 0.1% from September.

The U.S. administration of President Richard Nixon announced the nomination of William Ruckelshaus as head of the new Environmental Protection Agency. Mr. Ruckelshaus stated his opposition to the withdrawal of tax exemptions from public-interest groups that filed suit against alleged polluters.

30 years ago

Politics and government
U.S. President-elect Ronald Reagan announced that William Casey, former head of the Security and Exchange Commission, would serve as chairman of his Transition Executive Committee, and Edwin Meese as its director. Mr. Reagan also vowed to move as swiftly as possible to carry out his economic program, calling for tax cuts, a federal hiring freeze, and reduction in government spending. He indicated that he would not interfere with President Jimmy Carter’s administration in such matters as freeing the hostages from the U.S. embassy in Iran or communicating with the Soviets.

Mark Felt and Edward Miller, two former officials of the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation, were convicted of conspiring to violate the constitutional rights of American citizens. They authorized FBI agents to break into homes secretly and without search warrants while hunting for bomb suspects in 1972 and 1973. Five homes in New York and New Jersey, belonging to relatives and acquaintances of members of the terrorist organization Weather Underground, had been entered illegally. Many years later, Mr. Felt publicly claimed to be "Deep Throat," the secret source of revelations regarding the Watergate scandal that was reported by Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein in The Washington Post.

25 years ago

60 Colombian rebels with the M-19 movement seized the Palace of Justice in Bogota and took more than 300 people hostage.

The espionage trial of Richard Miller, a former agent of the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation, ended in a hung jury. Mr. Miller had been accused of involvement in a plot with a Soviet émigré couple who had already pled guilty to espionage.

Former Soviet KGB defector-turned-undefector Vitaly Yurchenko returned to the U.S.S.R., leaving U.S. authorities to wonder about the validity of the information he had provided.

U.S. President Ronald Reagan emphasized that he would not bargain away his plans for research on the Strategic Defense Initiative, the shield that--if it worked--would protect the United States from incoming Soviet missiles.

Economics and finance
The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed above 1400 for the first time.

20 years ago

Politics and government
In midterm U.S. elections, the Democratic party made small gains in both the Senate and House of Representatives. The only Senate seat to change parties was in Minnesota, where Democrat Paul Wellstone defeated Republican incumbent Rudy Boschwitz, leaving the Democrats with a 56-44 lead. The Democrats picked up 8 seats in the House of Representatives to increase their lead to 267-167, with one independent--socialist Bernie Sanders in Vermont. About 96% of the incumbents seeking re-election were successful; only 15 lost.

Nawaz Sharif was sworn in as Prime Minister of Pakistan, replacing Benazir Bhutto, who had been dismissed on August 27 amidst accusations of corruption. Mr. Sharif was elected by the new 217-seat National Assembly that had been sworn in three days earlier. Mrs. Bhutto addressed the Assembly and denounced the interim government, calling for dismissal of corruption charges against herself and members of her administration.

The Quebec Commission on the Political and Constitutional Future of Quebec, chaired by Michel Belanger and Jean Campeau, began six weeks of hearings. It had been asked by Quebec Premier Robert Bourassa to examine whether Quebec should remain linked to Canada politically and economically, and whether a political link was necessary to support economic ties.

10 years ago

Conjoined twins, known as Jodie and Mary, who had been born on August 8 to parents in Malta, began undergoing a 20-hour operation at St. Mary’s Hospital in Manchester, England to separate them. Doctors believed that both twins would die within six months of birth unless separated. The parents, both Roman Catholics, objected to the operation, but doctors sought a court order to proceed with the operation, and prevailed.

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