Monday, 18 August 2014

August 18, 2014

150 years ago
1864


War
In the U.S. Civil War, Union forces attempted to cut a vital Confederate supply-line into Petersburg, Virginia, by attacking the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad in the Battle of Globe Tavern.

130 years ago
1884

Baseball

The Philadelphia Athletics pounded the Baltimore Orioles 20-1 in an American Association game at Jefferson Street Grounds in Philadelphia. Harry Stovey led the attack with 3 triples (2 in the 8th inning) and 2 singles.

Having clinched the Eastern League pennant three days earlier with a 51-12 record, the Wilmington Quicksteps were admitted to the Union Association as a replacement for the recently-departed Philadelphia Keystones.

120 years ago
1894


Politics and government
The United States Congress established the Bureau of Immigration, forerunner of the Immigration and Naturalization Service.

100 years ago
1914


War
U.S. President Woodrow Wilson issued his Proclamation of Neutrality, aimed at keeping the United States out of World War I.

Politics and government
A special fourth session of the Parliament of Canada met, ending August 22. Operating under the War Measures Act it set up the Canadian Patriotic Fund to assist soldiers' dependents.

70 years ago
1944


War
U.S. troops in France drove to within 12 miles of Paris as they reached the suburbs of Versailles. Meanwhile, U.S. forces in southern France took Sollies-Pont and approached Brignoles in a drive for Marseilles. Soviet Red Army troops in Poland took over Sandomierz, south of Warsaw.

Diplomacy
The Ecuadorian Assembly voted to deny the United States military bases or other privileges in the Galapagos Islands.

World events
British authorities in Palestine fined residents of a Jersualem suburb $2,000 for the attempted assassination of British High Commissioner to Israel Sir Harold MacMichael.

Politics and government
New York Governor and Republican Party presidential candidate Tom Dewey named John Foster Dulles as his representative to meet with U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull for discussions on postwar security plans.

60 years ago
1954


Football
WIFU-ORFU
Pre-season
Edmonton (2-1) 28 @ Kitchener-Waterloo (0-1) 6

WIFU-IRFU
Pre-season
Hamilton (2-1) 12 @ British Columbia (0-2) 0

Edmonton quarterback Bernie Faloney suffered a knee injury in the Eskimos' win over the Dutchmen before a record Kitchener crowd of 4,500. Five different players scored Edmonton touchdowns, while Joe Amadeo scored the Kitchener-Waterloo touchdown.

50 years ago
1964


Space
The U.S.S.R. launched the satellites Cosmos 38, Cosmos 39, and Cosmos 40.

Olympics
The International Olympic Committee, meeting in Lausanne, Switzerland, announced that South Africa had been barred from participating in the 1964 Summer Olympic games in Tokyo because of South Africa's racial policies of apartheid.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (1-2-1) 20 @ Ottawa (2-1) 46

Ron Stewart scored 2 touchdowns and Russ Jackson threw touchdown passes to Whit Tucker and Ted Watkins as the Rough Riders beat the Blue Bombers before 17,768 fans at Lansdowne Park. Linebacker Ken Lehmann returned an interception for an Ottawa TD, and fullback Dave Thelen rushed for another. Winnipeg defensive back Dick Thornton broke his ankle and was lost for the remainder of the season.

40 years ago
1974


War
Turkey's unilateral cease-fire in Cyprus took effect, with Turkey in control of about 40% of the island.

Baseball
Mexican League
Semi-Finals
Jalisco 3 @ Mexico City Reds 1 (Jalisco led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Saltillo 12 @ Gomez Palacio 0 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

Jack Pierce hit a sacrifice fly and Lambert Ford followed with a 2-run double as the Charros scored all their runs in the top of the 1st inning off Enrique Romo as they defeated the Reds before 25,000 fans.

The Saraperos scored 9 runs in the top of the 1st inning as they routed the Cottongrowers. Elvio Jimenez hit a 3-run home run and Marcelo Juarez drove in 3 runs with a double in the 1st-inning barrage. Gabriel Lugo and Andres Mora hit consecutive homers in the 9th inning to conclude the scoring. Dave Hernandez pitched a 6-hit shutout, while John Gaylord failed to survive the 1st inning in taking the loss.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Fotoromanza--Gianna Nannini

#1 single in Flanders (VRT Top 30): Two Tribes--Frankie Goes To Hollywood

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Two Tribes--Frankie Goes to Hollywood (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Careless Whisper--George Michael

#1 single in the U.K.: Careless Whisper--George Michael

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Ghostbusters--Ray Parker, Jr. (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Ghostbusters--Ray Parker, Jr. (2nd week at #1)
2 When Doves Cry--Prince
3 What's Love Got to Do with It--Tina Turner
4 State of Shock--The Jacksons with Mick Jagger
5 Stuck on You--Lionel Richie
6 Dancing in the Dark--Bruce Springsteen
7 I Can Dream About You--Dan Hartman
8 Breakin'...There's No Stopping Us--Ollie & Jerry
9 Missing You--John Waite
10 Infatuation--Rod Stewart

Singles entering the chart were Torture by the Jacksons (#47); I Just Called to Say I Love You by Stevie Wonder (#67); Bop 'Til You Drop by Rick Springfield (#69); Are We Ourselves? by the Fixx (#75); Lucky Star by Madonna (#77); Caribbean Queen (No More Love on the Run) by Billy Ocean (#84); The More You Live, the More You Love by A Flock of Seagulls (#86); The Last Time I Made Love by Joyce Kennedy and Jeffrey Osborne (#87); Next Love by Deniece Williams (#88); and Straight from the Heart (Into Your Life) by the Coyote Sisters (#90). I Just Called to Say I Love You was from the movie The Woman in Red (1984), and went on to win the 1984 Academy Award for Best Original Song.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 When Doves Cry--Prince (2nd week at #1)
2 Ghostbusters--Ray Parker, Jr.
3 What's Love Got to Do with It--Tina Turner
4 Sad Songs (Say So Much)--Elton John
5 Almost Paradise...Love Theme from Footloose--Mike Reno and Ann Wilson
6 Self Control--Laura Branigan
7 Sister Christian--Night Ranger
8 Dancing in the Dark--Bruce Springsteen
9 Jump (For My Love)--Pointer Sisters
10 Romancing the Stone--Eddy Grant

Singles entering the chart were Cover Me by Bruce Springsteen (#79); Are We Ourselves? by the Fixx (#92); We're Not Gonna Take It by Twisted Sister (#96); and Go Insane by Lindsey Buckingham (#98).

Football
CFL
Edmonton (3-4) 24 @ Montreal (3-4) 44

The Concordes rolled up a 37-6 lead at Olympic Stadium before the Eskimos scored 3 unconverted touchdowns in the fourth quarter to make the score a little less lopsided.

Baseball
Juan Berenguer pitched 8 1/3 innings and struck out 12 as the Detroit Tigers defeated the Seattle Mariners 4-3 before 36,719 fans at Tiger Stadium. Kirk Gibson hit his 20th home run of the season for the Tigers, a 3-run shot.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Toy Soldiers--Martika

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Das Omen (Teil I)--Mysterious Art (8th week at #1)

Died on this date
Luis Carlos Galan, 45
. Colombian politician. A senator and presidential candidate, Mr. Galan was a vocal opponent of drug dealers and exporters. He was fatally shot by hitmen at a rally in Soacha, a suburb of Bogota. Mr. Galan was leading the polls for the 1990 presidential election.

Diplomacy
Aleksandr Yakovlev, the Soviet Communist Party official in charge of foreign policy, said that the 1939 Hitler-Stalin pact that resulted in Latvia, Estonia, and Lithuania being absorbed into the U.S.S.R. had contained secret protocols, and he condemned the agreement as a "deviation from Leninist principles."

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that consumer prices had risen 0.2% in July for the second consecutive month.

Business
Michael Knighton bought Manchester United for L20,000 in the biggest takeover deal in the history of British football.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (4-2) 40 @ Hamilton (5-1) 46

Mike Kerrigan threw 5 touchdown passes for the Tiger-Cats, 3 to Tony Champion. Roughriders' quarterback Tom Burgess completed 25 of 49 passes for 420 yards and 5 touchdown passes of his own (including 2 each to Jeff Fairholm and Don Narcisse), but also threw 3 interceptions. The teams combined for 5 touchdowns in a wild fourth quarter, when Saskatchewan outscored Hamilton 23-15.

Baseball
The New York Yankees fired manager Dallas Green and replaced him with Bucky Dent. It was the 17th managerial change since George Steinbrenner bought the team in 1973. The Yankees were mired in 5th place in the American League East Division with a record of 58-65 when the change was made.

Andre Dawson got his 2,000th major league hit, but his Chicago Cubs fell 6-5 to the Houston Astros before 31,987 fans at the Astrodome, giving up 2 runs in each of the 8th and 9th innings.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): 7 Seconds--Youssou N'Dour and Neneh Cherry

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the trade deficit in goods and services had been $9.37 billion in June.

Sport
The XV Commonwealth Games, with 3,300 participants from 64 nations, opened in Victoria, British Columbia.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (5-2) 44 @ Sacramento (3-4) 15

Damon Allen rushed for 2 touchdowns and passed to Mike Lee for a 75-yard TD as the Eskimos beat the Gold Miners before 13,959 fans at Hornet Field. Henry "Gizmo" Williams added to the Edmonton total with a 93-yard punt return for a touchdown. The Gold Miners scored both their touchdowns in the 3rd quarter on a 1-yard rush by Troy Mills and a 28-yard interception return by Jason Wallace.

10 years ago
2004


Died on this date
Hiram Fong, 97
. U.S. politician. Mr. Fong, a Republican, was one of the first two representatives of Hawaii in the United States Senate, serving from 1959-1977.

Elmer Bernstein, 82. U.S. composer. Mr. Bernstein won an Academy Award for his score for Thoroughly Modern Millie (1967). Other movies for which he composed scores included Robot Monster (1953); The Man with the Golden Arm (1955); The Ten Commandments (1956); Sweet Smell of Success (1957); The Magnificent Seven (1960); Summer and Smoke (1961); The Great Escape (1963); The Age of Innocence (1993); and Far from Heaven (2002).

World events
Iraqi Shia cleric Muqtada al-Sadr, who had moved his army into a mosque in Najaf on August 5, announced that he would leave the mosque and transform his army into a political group.

Politics and government
Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon suffered a setback when his Likud Party voted against his plan to form a coalition with the opposition Labour Party. Mr. Sharon required Labour's support to follow through with his plan to unilaterally withdraw Jewish settlements from the Gaza Strip.

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