Saturday, 30 August 2014

August 30, 2014

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Michelle Kent!

550 years ago
1464


Religion
Paul II became Pope of the Roman Catholic Church, succeeding Pius II, who had died on August 14.

125 years ago
1889


Literature
Joseph Marshall Stoddardt, managing editor of the U.S. publication Lippincott's Monthly Magazine, which published full-length novels, was in London trying to set up a British version of his magazine. He had dinner that night at the Langham Hotel in Portland Place, where his guests were Irish journalist and Member of Parliament Thomas Patrick Gill, Arthur Conan Doyle, and Oscar Wilde. Mr. Stoddardt commissioned works from Messrs. Doyle and Wilde, which resulted in The Sign of Four--the second Sherlock Holmes novel--by Arthur Conan Doyle, and The Picture of Dorian Gray by Oscar Wilde.

110 years ago
1904


Olympics
Thomas Hicks of the United States won the marathon at the Summer Olympics in St. Louis in 3 hours, 28 minutes, 53 seconds, collapsing at the finish line in 90-degree heat and 90 percent humidity. Another of the 32 starters, Fred Lorz of the Mohawk Athletic Club of New York, finished 15 minutes ahead of Mr. Hicks but was disqualified when it was learned he had ridden in a car for 11 of the 26 miles.

100 years ago
1914


War
The Battle of Tannenberg concluded as the German Eighth Army, led by Paul von Hindenburg, defeated the Russian Second Army, commanded by Aleksandr Samsonov, near Allenstein, East Prussia (today Olsztyn, Poland).

70 years ago
1944


War
Two brigades of the First Canadian Corps crossed the Foglia River in Italy and fought their way through the German Gothic Line toward Rimini. Soviet troops captured the Romanian oil centre of Ploesti, cutting off Germany's last major source of natural oil. Moving from the Chinese city of Hengyang, two Japanese columns advanced 11 miles toward the airbase of Kwellin in the province of Kwangsi.

World events
Argentine General Arturo Rawson was put under house arrest in Buenos Aires for participating in demonstrations folowing the Allies' liberation of Paris from Nazi occupation five days earlier.

Politics and government
A provisional French government was set up in Paris under General Charles de Gaulle.

The national convention of the America First Party nominated Gerald L.K. Smith as its candidate for President of the United States in the November 1944 election, with Harry Romer as the party's vice-presidential candidate.

Defense
The United States Navy reported that 65,000 ships had been built since September 1, 1939, with nearly 36% of the total 9 million tons being combat ships.

Football
The defending NFL champion Chicago Bears defeated the College All-Stars 24-21 in the 11th annual Chicago Charities College All-Star Game. It was the second straight--and last--such game to be played at Dyche Stadium on the campus of Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois. In 1945 the game returned to its usual venue of Soldier Field in Chicago. The 1944 game attracted 49,246 fans.

60 years ago
1954


Football
WIFU
Winnipeg (3-1) 0 @ Calgary (2-2) 41
Saskatchewan (3-1) 17 @ British Columbia (0-2) 0

The Stampeders' rout of the Blue Bombers at Mewata Stadium was Calgary's second shutout in three days.

50 years ago
1964
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Football
CFL
Winnipeg (1-4-1) 4 @ British Columbia (4-0-1) 21

Bob Swift scored 2 touchdowns as the Lions beat the Blue Bombers before 33,607 fans at Empire Stadium in Vancouver. It was the first CFL game for B.C. linebacker Jesse Williams, who was also used as the long snapper on placekicks and punts.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: The Night Chicago Died--Paper Lace (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Rock Your Baby--George McCrae

Terrorism
A powerful bomb exploded at the Mitsubishi Heavy Industries headquarters in Marunouchi, Tokyo, killing 8 people and injuring 378. Eight left-wing activists were arrested by Japanese authorities on May 19, 1975.

Scandal
George Steinbrenner, chairman of American Shipbuilding Company and owner of the New York Yankees baseball club, was fined $15,000 by a U.S. District Court in Cleveland for making illegal corporate contributions to the 1972 re-election campaign of U.S. President Richard Nixon and $20,000 for two violations of U.S.campaign laws. Members of the staff of Leon Jaworski, the Special Prosecutor assigned to investigate the June 1972 break-in at the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. and the subsequent cover-up, were reportedly incensed at the light sentence for what they considered the strongest case of campaign violation abuse under investigation.

Disasters
An express train travelling from Belgrade, Yugoslavia to Dortmund, West Germany derailed at the main station in Zagreb, killing 153 passengers.

Baseball
Mike Ruddell of the Trois-Rivières Eagles pitched a no-hitter and improved his record for the season to 4-8 as the Eagles edged the Quebec City Carnivals 1-0 in an Eastern League game in Quebec City. The no-hitter turned out to be the last win of Mr. Ruddell's professional career; he went 0-4 with the Eagles in 1975, his last season. In 7 professional seasons from 1969-1975, Mr. Ruddell compiled a record of 32-38 with an earned run average of 4.03.

30 years ago
1984


Space
The U.S. space shuttle Discovery lifted off on its maiden voyage from Cape Canaveral, Florida to begin mission STS-41-D. The crew of 6 included Commander Henry Hartsfield and Mission Specialist Judy Resnik, the second American woman in space.

Baseball
The Montreal Expos, in fifth place in the National League East Division with a record of 64-67, fired manager Bill Virdon and replaced him with general manager and former manager Jim Fanning.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Swing the Mood--Jive Bunny and the Mastermixers (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Licence to Kill--Gladys Knight (6th week at #1)

World events
The U. S. State Department advised American citizens in Colombia to consider leaving that country. 11,000 people had been arrested since the August 18 assassination by hitmen of presidential candidate Luis Carlos Galan.

Scandal
A U.S. federal jury in New York found "hotel queen" Leona Helmsley guilty of income tax evasion but acquitted her of extortion.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (4-4) 19 @ Edmonton (7-1) 45

31,667 fans at Commonwealth Stadium saw the Eskimos score 31 points in the 4th quarter. Tracy Ham threw touchdown passes to Craig Ellis and Keith Wright, ran for another touchdown, and handed off to Michael Soles for another touchdown on the game’s last play. The Eskimos rolled up 228 yards rushing, led by Reggie Taylor’s 79 yards on 12 carries. Jeff Fairholm scored both Saskatchewan touchdowns, one on a 58-yard pass from Tom Burgess in the 2nd quarter, and the other on a 42-yard pass from Kent Austin in the 4th quarter, finishing with 5 receptions for 129 yards. The Eskimos amassed 32 first downs and 435 yards in net offense. The Edmonton defense snagged 4 interceptions off the Roughrider quarterbacks; 3 of the picks were by Enis Jackson, and the other was by Larry Wruck.

CIAU
Alberta (0-1) 9 @ British Columbia (1-0) 18

Jim Stewart rushed 28 times for 180 yards as the Thunderbirds rolled up 26 first downs and 427 yards net offense at Thunderbird Stadium in Vancouver. The only UBC touchdown came on a 1-yard run by Scott Findlay with 1:22 left in the game. Roger Hennig converted and added 3 field goals and 2 singles. The Golden Bears, who picked up just 7 first downs, scored on a 58-yard pass from Jeff Steinberg to Jason Whaley, converted by Steve Kasowski.

20 years ago
1994


Died on this date
Lindsay Anderson, 71
. Indian-born U.K. film director. Mr. Anderson was theatre producer and film critic who directed such movies as This Sporting Life (1963); If... (1968); O Lucky Man! (1973); Britannia Hospital (1982); and The Whales of August (1987).

Diplomacy
The United Nations Security Council condemned the violations of international law and human rights by the Haitian government, which was being controlled by Haiti's military.

Business
The Lockheed and Martin Marietta corporations agreed to a merger that would create the largest U.S. defense contractor, to be called Lockheed Martin. The two existing companies had annual sales of nearly $23 billion.

10 years ago
2004


Politics and government
General Alu Alkhanov, the choice of the Kremlin, won a landslide victory in Chechnya's presidential election.

The U.S. Republican National Convention opened at Madison Square Garden in New York. Principal speakers included New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg, former New York Mayor Rudy Giuliani, and U.S. Senator John McCain (Arizona).

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