Monday, 30 May 2016

May 30, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Nettee Sly!

600 years ago

Died on this date
Jerome of Prague, 36 or 37
. Bohemian Christian martyr. Jerome, aka Hieronymous, was a Roman Catholic who became a follower of the doctrines of English reformer John Wycliffe and especially his fellow Bohemian reformer, Jan Hus. When the Council of Constance--convened by Antipope John XXIII and held in Constance, Germany--opened in 1414, Mr. Hus was summoned, and subsequently burned at the stake as a heretic on July 6, 1415. Jerome followed him there, and was imprisoned in April 1415. He became seriously ill, and recanted his support for Messrs. Wycliffe and Hus in public sessions of the Council in September 1415. The Council doubted the sincerity of Jerome's confession and retried him on May 23 and 26, 1416, wherupon Jerome withdrew his recantation. He was burned at the stake and thus became the first Hussite martyr.

480 years ago

Married on this date
King Henry VIII of England and Jane Seymour
. Henry VIII took Miss Seymour to be his third wife just 11 days after the execution of his second wife, Anne Boleyn.

210 years ago

Died on this date
Charles Dickinson, 25 or 26
. U.S. lawyer. Mr. Dickinson was an attorney in Tennessee. He and future U.S. President Andrew Jackson were neighbours, and a series of mutual insults resulted in a duel, which was fought in Kentucky because of laws in Tennessee against such behaviour. Mr. Dickinson shot first and seriously wounded Mr. Jackson in the chest. Mr. Jackson somehow remained standing, and fired a fatal shot into the chest of Mr. Dickinson.

140 years ago

World events
Ottoman Sultan Abdülaziz was deposed and succeeded by his nephew Murad V.

100 years ago

Auto racing
Dario Resta won the Indianapolis 300, whose distance was reduced from 500 miles to 300 for this year only, because Indianapolis Motor Speedway management thought the shorter distance provided a better race for the spectators. 21 cars competed.

90 years ago

Former world heavyweight champion Jack Johnson (69-9-9-3) scored a technical knockout of Bob Lawson (26-12-3) at the Coliseum in Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua, Mexico when Mr. Lawson retired after the 7th round.

80 years ago

On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Harry West, on MBS
Tonight’s episode: The Devil’s Foot

Auto racing
Louis Meyer became the first driver to win the Indianapolis 500 for the third time.

The team from Japan’s Waseda University continued its American tour with a 10-5 win over the University of Chicago. Mr. Wakahara, the Waseda pitcher, gave up 10 hits but struck out 17 batters.

75 years ago

Died on this date
Rama VII, 47
. King of Siam, 1925-1935. King Rama VII, born Somdet Chaofa Prajadhipok Sakdidej, was the last absolute monarch of Siam and, after the revolution of 1932, its first constitutional monarch. He was also the only monarch to date of the Chakri Dynasty to abdicate, which he did after the National Assembly rejected his requests for certain reforms. Rama VII was succeeded on the throne by his 9-year-old nephew Rama VIII. Rama VII went into exile in England, and died there of heart failure.

The German command announced that Anglo-Greek resistance had collapsed everywhere in Crete. Greek resistance activists Manolis Glezos and Apostolos Santas climbed on the Acropolis and tore down the German flag, which had been there since April 27, 1941, when Nazi forces had entered Athens. The British government announced that Iraqi Prime Minister Rashid Ali el Gailani had fled to Iran, while British forces advanced to the outskirts of Baghdad. The Vichy French government announced that French troops had crossed the Sahara Desert to the western shore of Lake Chad--the base of General Charles de Gaulle's Free French forces--in an attempt to recover French Equatorial Africa.

Japanese defense minister Yosuke Matsuoka said that Japan would carry out her obligations under the Tripartite Pact.

Guards were increased around U.S. defense installations and factories after the Federal Bureau of Investigation received reports that sabotage was planned for the Memorial Day weekend.

U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom John G. Winant returned to Washington to report to President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Secretary of State Cordell Hull.

Politics and government
U.S. Senator George Norris (Independent--Nebraska) urged that U.S. presidential and vice presidential candidates be nominated by nationwide primary elections instad of by the current convention method.

Auto racing
Floyd Davis and Mauri Rose combined to win the Indianapolis 500. The two drove separate cars at the start of the race, with Mr. Rose starting from the pole position, and Mr. Davis starting 17th. Mr. Rose retired after 60 laps because of a problem with his spark plugs. When Mr. Davis came in for a pit stop on lap 72, he was relieved by Mr. Rose, who drove the rest of the way to victory. The two drivers were credited as co-winners, the second and last time that happened at the Indianapolis 500.

70 years ago

Died on this date
Louis Slotin, 35
. Canadian-born U.S. physicist. Mr. Slotin, a native of Winnipeg, worked on the Manhattan Project at Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico during World War II. He was working there when he was irradiated in a criticality incident during an experiment with the demon core, and died nine days after the accident.

World events
The Bolivian junta led by President Gualberto Villarroel declared a state of siege after making many arrests on charges of plotting revolution.

The Arab League announced in Cairo that its members had agreed on rejection of further Jewish immigration to Palestine, and freedom for Libya and other Arab countries in North Africa.

Georgia Governor Ellis Arnall ordered legal action to revoke the state charter of the Ku Klux Klan.

Economics and finance
Argentine President Edelmiro Farrell placed the country's stock and commodity exchanges and export and insurance businesses under government control.

A strike of 75,000 hard coal miners in the United States began as negotiations continued in New York City, with United Mine Workers of America leaders demanding the same terms as those recently granted to soft coal miners.

Auto racing
George Robson won the Indianapolis 500 at an average speed of 114.82 miles per hour. It was the first time the race had been held since 1941, since Indianapolis Motor Speedway had been shut down during the years of U.S. involvement in World War II.

60 years ago

Died on this date
Carl Neuberg, 78
. German-born U.S. biochemist. Dr. Neuberg has been called the "father of modern biochemistry." He developed a process for making glycerine from sugar, and discovered the enzyme carboxylase. Dr. Neuberg headed biochemistry section of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Experimental Therapy from 1913-1936, when he was forced by the Nazi regime to resign because he was Jewish; he left Germany a year later, and settled in the United States.

West European foreign ministers, meeting in Venice, approved the report of a panel of experts on the proposed creation of a European atomic energy agency and a European common market within a 10-12 year period.

U.S. Air Force Chief of Staff General Nathan Twining accepted an invitation to attend the Soviet Aviation Day air show in Moscow.

The Northern U.S. Presbyterian Church General Assembly, meeting in Philadelphia, approved a report of its Social Education and Action Committee urging the elimination of racial "segregation and discrimination" in the United States.

Auto racing
Pat Flaherty won the Indianapolis 500 at an average speed of 128.49 miles per hour. It was the first time the race was governed by the United States Automobile Club (USAC), after the American Automobile Association (AAA) had withdrawn from racing.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Yo Soy Aquel--Raphael (10th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Pretty Flamingo--Manfred Mann (4th week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Monday, Monday--The Mamas and the Papas (3rd week at #1)
2 How Does That Grab You, Darlin'?--Nancy Sinatra
3 Backstage--Gene Pitney
4 A Groovy Kind of Love--The Mindbenders
5 Rainy Day Women #12 & 35--Bob Dylan
6 Message to Michael--Dionne Warwick
7 Shapes of Things--The Yardbirds
8 The Sun Ain't Gonna Shine (Anymore)--The Walker Bros.
9 Gloria--Shadows of Knight
10 When a Man Loves a Woman--Percy Sledge

Singles entering the chart were Red Rubber Ball by the Cyrkle (#74); Younger Girl by the Hondells (#79); Stagecoach to Cheyenne by Wayne Newton (#85); Oh How Happy by the Shades of Blue (#87); I'll Love You Forever by the Holidays (#90); Don't Bring Me Down by the Animals (#91); Cloudy Summer Afternoon (Raindrops) by Barry McGuire (#92); How Could I Fall in Love by the Spiders (#93); Opus 17 (Don't You Worry 'Bout Me) by the 4 Seasons (#94); Funny How Love Can Be by Danny Hutton (#95); The Real Thing by Bobby Curtola (#96); Wiederseh'n by Al Martino (#97); Strangers in the Night by Frank Sinatra (#98); The Pied Piper by Crispian St. Peters (#99); and (I'm A) Road Runner by Jr. Walker and the All Stars (#100). Stagecoach to Cheyenne was from the movie Stagecoach (1966).

The Lovin' Spoonful performed as the headline act at the Greek Amphitheatre on the campus of the University of California at Berkeley. Opening acts were the Charlatans and Syndicate of Sound.

The United States launched its first lunar probe, Surveyor 1, from Cape Kennedy, Florida.

Politics and government
The Prince Edward Island provincial election resulted in the governing Progressive Conservatives, led by Premier Walter Shaw, and the Liberals, led by Alex Campbell, each wining 15 seats, with the election in the riding of 1st Kings--with 2 seats--being postponed until July 11 because of the death of Liberal Assemblyman and candidate William Acorn. The PCs continued to govern until that riding was decided.

Auto racing
Graham Hill, a rookie, won the Indianapolis 500, leading only the last 10 laps after fellow rookie Jackie Stewart, who had led the previous 40 laps, was forced out of the race by a broken scavenge pump. The race was marred by a crash on the first lap that resulted in the elimination of 11 cars and a delay of 1 hour 24 minutes. Only 7 cars were running at the end of the race.

40 years ago

Died on this date
Max Carey, 86
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Carey, born Maximillian George Carnarius, was an outfielder with the Pittsburgh Pirates (1910-1926) and Brooklyn Robins (1926-1929), batting .285 with 70 home runs and 802 runs batted in and 738 stolen bases in 2,476 games. He led or tied for the National League lead in stolen bases in 11 seasons, and his career total stood as the NL record until it was broken by Lou Brock in the 1970s. Mr. Carey was with the Pirates when they won the World Series in 1925, and batted .458 as they came back from a 3-1 deficit in games to defeat the Washington Nationals 4 games to 3. Mr. Carey managed the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1932-1933, compiling a record of 146-161-4. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1961.

Vic Ghezzi, 65. U.S. golfer. Mr. Ghezzi won 17 tournaments as a professional and 11 on the Professional Golfers Association tour, including the 1941 PGA Championship. He was elected to the PGA of America's Hall of Fame in 1965.

Auto racing
Johnny Rutherford won the Indianapolis 500 for the second time, in a race that was called after 255 miles (102 laps) because of rain, just one lap after the minimum number necessary for the race to be considered official. The race was on lap 103 when it was halted; after a delay of two hours, the cars were preparing for a restart, but the rain resumed, and the scoring reverted to lap 102. It remains the shortest Indianapolis 500 on record.

Boston 98 @ Phoenix 105 (Boston led best-of-seven series 2-1)

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Midnight Lady--Chris Norman (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
Joe Brown, 60
. Canadian musician. Mr. Brown founded the country music group Family Brown, who performed together from 1967-1990. The group won 18 Canadian Country Music Association awards, and was inducted into the Canadian Country Music Hall of Fame in 1997.

Perry Ellis, 46. U.S. fashion designer. Mr. Ellis founded the sportswear house Perry Ellis International in 1978. He was a sodomite who died of viral encephalitis--probably AIDS-related.

I don’t know what the temperature was, but it might have been the most beautiful May day I’d seen since 1968.

Gold defeated Green 18-8 in the Edmonton Eskimos’ fourth consecutive--and last--intrasquad game at Commonwealth Stadium.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): The Shoop Shoop Song (It's in His Kiss)--Cher (5th week at #1)

Canadian Justice Minister Kim Campbell introduced new gun control legislation, boosting penalties for some firearms offences while exempting competition shooters.

Economics and finance
Statistics Canada reported that unemployment insurance payouts were up 34.3% from April 1990; 1.22 million Canadians received benefits, and 10.2% were unemployed.

20 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Until it Sleeps--Metallica (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): X-Files--DJ Dado (4th week at #1)

Divorced on this date
The Duke and Duchess of York--Prince Andrew and Sarah Ferguson
--were granted an uncontested decree, ending their 10-year marriage.

Politics and government
The Alberta government of Premier Ralph Klein agreed to ban extra-billing at private clinics, starting July 1, 1996. The federal government of Prime Minister Jean Chretien had held back about $3.6 million in transfer payments under the Canada Health Act.

Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference Finals
Pittsburgh 3 @ Florida 4 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

10 years ago

Died on this date
Robert Sterling, 88
. U.S. actor. Mr. Sterling, born William Steling Hart, appeared in supporting roles in such movies as Show Boat (1951) and in numerous television programs, but was best known for his co-starring role in the television comedy series Topper (1953-1955); he also co-starred in the television comedy series Ichabod and Me (1961-1962).

Bobby Harden. U.S. musician. Mr. Harden, with his sisters Robbie and Arleen, comprised the Harden Trio, a country music group who released their first single in 1964 and placed six singles on the Billboard Country chart from 1966-1968. Their biggest hit, Tippy Toeing, reached #2 on the country chart and #44 on the Hot 100 singles chart, as well as #3 on the CJCA chart in Edmonton. After the trio broke up in 1968, Mr. Harden formed a new trio and then performed as a solo artist, as well as writing songs for other artists.

Shohei Imamura, 79. Japanese movie director. Mr. Imamura won the Japan Academy Prize for Director of the Year for Vengeance is Mine (1979); Black Rain (1989); and The Eel (1997).

A jury in Rockville, Maryland convicted John Allen Muhammad of six counts of first-degree murder for the October 2002 Beltway sniper killings in the Washington, D.C. area.

Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference Finals
Carolina 1 @ Buffalo 2 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

Daniel Briere scored at 4:22 of the 1st overtime period to give the Sabres the win over the Hurricanes at HSBC Arena.

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