150 years ago
Memorial Day was first observed, in Waterloo, New York.
130 years ago
Seven people, including a 13-year-old boy, were killed when 250 Wisconsin National Guardsmen fired upon a crowd of striking labourers and others in Bay View Wisconsin, which became part of Milwaukee a year later.
125 years ago
Carnegie Hall, then known as Music Hall, opened in New York City, with Pyotr Tchaikovsky the guest conductor.
100 years ago
Born on this date
Zail Singh. 7th President of India, 1982-1987. Mr. Singh, a member of the Indian National Congress party, held several cabinet posts before being unanimously nominated to the presidency, where he served with Prime Ministers Indira and Rajiv Gandhi. Mr. Singh died on December 25, 1994 at the age of 78, several weeks after suffering serious injuries in a car accident.
80 years ago
Italian troops occupied the Ethiopian capital of Addis Ababa.
75 years ago
There Shall Be No Night by Robert E. Sherwood was awarded the 1941 Pulitzer Prize for Drama.
The St. Louis Post-Dispatch was awarded the 1941 Pulitzer Prize for Meritorious Public Service by a newspaper; Westbrook Pegler of the New York World-Telegram won in the category of General Reporting, and Reuben Maury of the New York Daily News won for Editorial Writing. A group award was given in the category of General Correspondence to American news reporters in the war zones of Europe, Asia, and Africa since the beginning of World War II.
The U.K. Royal Air Force claimed that its bombers had scored direct hits on the German battleships Scharnhorst and Gneisenau in a raid on Brest. Reports from London stated that the United Kingdom had rejected an offer from Turkey to mediate the Anglo-Iraqi War.
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered "a substantial increase in heavy bomber construction." The U.S. House of Representatives debate on seizure of alien ships precipitated a dispute over the prospect of convoying supplies to Britain.
Politics and government
General Isaias Medina Angarita took office as President of Venezuela.
Dr. Martin H. Dawson of Columbia University, addressing a medical meeting in Atlantic City, New Jersey, described a new chemical substance known as penicillin. He said the substance, developed from a special strain of mold in bread and Roquefort cheese, may prove more useful than the sulfanilamides.
British and American companies in the Netherlands East Indies renewed their contracts to supply Japan with 1.8 million tons per year.
Sheffield Farms Company Inc., Borden Company, and four of their affiliates were indicted on charges of violating the Sherman Antitrust Act by selling milk at higher prices than those charged by their affiliates.
70 years ago
The International Military Tribunal for the Far East began trials in Tokyo, with 28 Japanese military and government officials accused of war crimes and crimes against humanity.
Nationalist Chinese Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek proclaimed Nanking the capital of China, as Nationalist-Communist clashes were reported in Manchuria and the provinces of Shansi and Hupeh.
Arab opposition to the Anglo-American report urging increased Jewish migration to Palestine heightened with a call by Arab Higher Committee Chairman Jamal el Husseini urging Palestinian Arabs to resist "external enemies."
Politics and government
In a national referendum in France, voters rejected, by a small margin, a proposed constitution that was supported by Communists and Socialists.
Jose Antonio Bonilla, former dean of the Dominican University Law Department, sought sanctuary in the Mexican embassy as Dominican Republic dictator Rafael Trujillo cracked down on "subversive" elements.
Argentine President Juan Peron notified the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration that Argentina would ship 500,000 tons of wheat and corn to Europe before June.
60 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Memories are Made of This--Dean Martin (4th week at #1)
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Tiritomba--Margot Eskens (6th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): The Poor People of Paris--Winifred Atwell (5th week at #1)
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Heartbreak Hotel--Elvis Presley (Best Seller--3rd week at #1; Jukebox--1st week at #1; Top 100--1st week at #1); Hot Diggity (Dog Ziggity Boom)--Perry Como (Disc Jockey--1st week at #1)
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Heartbreak Hotel--Elvis Presley (3rd week at #1)
2 Blue Suede Shoes--Carl Perkins
3 Hot Diggity (Dog Ziggity Boom)--Perry Como
4 Moonglow and Theme from "Picnic"--Morris Stoloff and the Columbia Pictures Orchestra
--George Cates and his Orchestra
5 The Poor People of Paris--Les Baxter, his Chorus and Orchestra
6 Why Do Fools Fall in Love--The Teenagers
7 (You've Got) The Magic Touch--The Platters
8 Rock Island Line--Lonnie Donegan Skiffle Group
9 Long Tall Sally--Little Richard
10 Ivory Tower--Cathy Carr
--Otis Williams and the Charms
Singles entering the chart were Walk Hand in Hand by Andy Williams (#35, charting with the version by Tony Martin); I Woke Up Crying by Joni James (#37); My Blue Heaven (#38)/I'm in Love Again (#47) by Fats Domino; Hi-Lili, Hi-Lo, with versions by the Dick Hyman Trio and Roger Williams (#41); and I Could Have Danced All Night, with versions by Sylvia Syms and Rosemary Clooney (#45). I Could Have Danced All Night was originally from the musical My Fair Lady.
On television tonight
The Honeymooners, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Unconventional Behavior
Needles, with David Erb aboard, won the 82nd running of the Kentucky Derby at Churchill Downs in Louisville in a time of 2:03 2/5. Fabius placed second and Come On Red finished third.
50 years ago
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Pretty Flamingo--Manfred Mann
At the movies
Arabesque, starring Gregory Peck and Sophia Loren, opened in theatres.
Eight Protestant denominations in the United States announced principles of unity for an eventual merger. The denominations were: Presbyterian; Protestant Episcopal; United Presbyterian; Evangelical United Brethren; Methodist; Disciples of Christ; African Methodist Episcopal; and United Christian.
Montreal 3 @ Detroit 2 (OT) (Montreal won best-of-seven series 4-2)
Montreal forward Dave Balon passed the puck from the corner in front of the Detroit net, and it went in off centre Henri Richard's knee as he was sliding on his knees into Detroit goalie Roger Crozier at 2:20 of the 1st overtime period at Olympia Stadium to give the Canadiens their second straight Stanley Cup championship. The Red Wings argued that Mr. Richard had swept the puck into the net with his hand. Mr. Crozier was awarded the Conn Smythe Trophy as the most valulable player of the playoffs.
40 years ago
Economics and finance
The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development opened in Nairobi. U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger called for better economic relations between rich and poor countries.
Avco World Trophy
U.S. Championship Semi-Finals
New England 4 @ Houston 2 (New England led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Doug Rader's 3-run home run was the key hit as the San Diego Padres scored 4 runs after there were 2 out and nobody on base in the top of the 6th inning and defeated the Montreal Expos 6-4 before 6,085 fans at Jarry Park in Montreal in the Wednesday night Expos Baseball telecast on CBC.
The Los Angeles Dodgers and Chicago Cubs combined for 26 runs, 37 hits, 7 errors, and 9 home runs as the Dodgers won 14-12 before 6,126 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Henry Cruz hit 2 of the Dodgers' 7 homers, while Rick Monday hit both Chicago home runs. Don Sutton pitched the first 5 innings for Los Angeles; he allowed 14 hits; 2 bases on balls; 7 runs--6 earned--and was the winning pitcher.
George Foster and Ken Griffey hit consecutive run-scoring singles with 1 out in the top of the 11th inning to give the Cincinnati Reds a 2-0 win over the New York Mets before 19,121 fans at Shea Stadium in New York.
The Baltimore Orioles scored 2 unearned runs in the bottom of the 8th inning to beat the Chicago White Sox 2-0 before 6,570 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Jim Palmer pitched a 2-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Goose Gossage, who allowed just 5 hits. The game was played in 1 hour 59 minutes.
The New York Yankees broke a 4-4 tie with 6 runs in the top of the 8th inning to defeat the California Angels 10-4 before 25,790 fans at Anaheim Stadium. Catfish Hunter allowed 6 hits and 4 earned runs in pitching a complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Nolan Ryan.
Alan Ashby singled home Ron Pruitt and George Hendrick with 2 out in the top of the 9th inning to break a 1-1 tie and give the Cleveland Indians a 3-1 win over the Oakland Athletics before 2,100 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Pat Dobson allowed 7 hits and no earned runs in pitching a complete game victory. Stan Bahnsen started on the mound for Oakland and allowed 6 hits and 1 earned run in 7 1/3 innings; he was relieved by Paul Lindblad, who was in turn relieved by Rollie Fingers, who took the loss.
30 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Chain Reaction--Diana Ross (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Si Tú Eres Mi Hombre y Yo Tu Mujer (The Power of Love)--Jennifer Rush (5th week at #1)
Stanley Cup Playoffs
Prince of Wales Conference Finals
Montreal 4 @ New York Rangers 3 (OT) (Montreal led best-of-seven series 3-0)
25 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Trippin'--Push Push (4th week at #1)
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Joyride--Roxette (6th week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: Joyride--Roxette (5th week at #1)
The Reno Silver Sox scored 15 runs in one inning on their way to a 20-8 win over High Desert in a California League game. Reno first baseman Dodd Johnson drove in 5 runs with a home run, double, and single in the big inning.
20 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): California Love--2Pac featuring Dr. Dre (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Macarena--Los Del Rio (5th week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: Children--Robert Miles (12th week at #1)
IIHF Men's World Championship
Czech Republic 4 Canada 2
Martin Prochazka scored the winning goal with 19 seconds left in regulation time and the Czechs added an empty net goal in the final seconds.
Eastern Conference Semi-Finals
New York Rangers 6 @ Pittsburgh 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)
Western Conference Semi-Finals
St. Louis 3 @ Detroit 8 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 2-0)
10 years ago
The government of Sudan and a faction of the Sudan Liberation Army led by Minni Minnawi signed the Darfur Peace Agreement.
Eastern Conference Semi-Finals
Buffalo 7 @ Ottawa 6 (OT) (Buffalo led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Western Conference Semi-Finals
Colorado 0 @ Anaheim 5 (Anaheim led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Today in History: Hogan Block Fire Leaves Destruction in its Wake - At 6:30 am on March 14th 1891, a fire was discovered at the Hier and Leighton Cigar Factory at West Fayette and Franklin Street, also known as the Hogan ...
5 hours ago