Thursday, 2 March 2017

February 13, 2017

475 years ago
1542


Died on this date
Catherine Howard, 18 or 19
. Queen consort of England, 1540-1541. Miss Howard, the fifth wife of King Henry VIII, was beheaded, 16 months after being stripped of her title, for treason on the grounds of committing adultery while married to the king. Her lady-in-waiting and cousin-in-law Jane Boleyn, Viscountess Rochford, 36 or 37, former sister-in-law of Henry VIII, was also beheaded.

325 years ago
1692


Abominations
38 members of the MacDonald clan of Glencoe, Scotland were massacred by members of the Earl of Argyll's Regiment of Foot, while another 40 women and children died of exposure after their homes were burnt,

80 years ago
1937


Popular culture
The comic strip Prince Valiant, created by Hal Foster, began running in newspapers.

75 years ago
1942


Died on this date
Epitácio Pessoa, 76
. 11th President of Brazil, 1919-1922. Mr. Pessoa, a member of the Minas Gerais Republican party, held severl positions before succeeding to the presidency when Rodrigo Alves, elected in 1918, was unable to take office because of illness. Mr. Pesssoa also served as Chief of the Brazilian delegation for the Treaty of Versailles, and a judge on the Permanent Court of International Justice.

70 years ago
1947


Diplomacy
The United Nations Security Council voted 10-0, with the U.S.S.R. abstaining, to adopt Resolution 18, creating a commission to try to give effect to United Nations General Assembly Resolution 41 which stated that regulation and reduction in world armaments and armed forces is an important measure for strengthening international peace.

60 years ago
1957


Boxing
Joe Brown (75-19-10) retained his world lightweight title with a technical knockout of former world champion Wallace "Bud" Smith (31-18-6) at Miami Beach Auditorium in Miami Beach, Florida. Mr. Brown had won the title from Mr. Smith with a 15-round split decision on August 24, 1956.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Reach Out I'll Be There--Four Tops (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I'm a Believer--The Monkees (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Yoshisuke Aikawa, 86
. Japanese automobile executive. Mr. Aikawa founded the Nissan zaibatsu (conglomerate) in 1928, and served as its president from 1931-1945.

Music
The single Penny Lane/Strawberry Fields Forever by the Beatles was released in North America on Capitol Records. The Beatles were in studio two at Abbey Road in London, where they began recording the song Only a Northern Song.

Literature
American researchers discovered the Madrid Codices by Leonardo da Vinci in the National Library of Spain.

Diplomacy
U.S.S.R. Premier Aleksei Kosygin concluded his one-week visit to the United Kingdom, which included discussions with British Prime Minister Harold Wilson on the Vietnam War, and an agreement between the two on direct Teletype communications between the Kremlin in Moscow and 10 Downing Street in London.

Egyptian Emperor Haile Selassie arrived in Washington for two days of talks with U.S. President Lyndon Johnson.

Boxing
Former world heavyweight champion Floyd Patterson (45-5) knocked out Willie Johnson (14-21-1) at 2:05 of the 3rd round at Miami Beach Auditorium.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: You Make Me Feel Like Dancing--Leo Sayer

Boxing
In the United States Boxing Championships, Johnny Boudreaux (20-1-1) was awarded an 8-round unanimous decision over Scott LeDoux (19-5-1) in a heavyweight bout. The decision enraged Mr. LeDoux, who complained bitterly to ABC sportscaster Howard Cosell that the result had been fixed. Mr. LeDoux attempted to kick Mr. Boudreaux, who was being interviewed, and Mr. Cosell ended up losing his headset--and toupee. On the undercard, Edwin Viruet (24-2-2) scored a technical knockout of Tommy Rose (22-2) at 2:49 of the 4th round in a lightweight bout; Leo Saenz (24-2-1) won an 8-round unanimous decision over Casey Gacic (5-5-3) in a lightweight bout; Donald "Biff" Cline (13-1) scored a technical knockout of Ray Elson (14-3) at 1:48 of the 4th round; Johnny Gant (39-10-3) scored a technical knockout of Anthony House (8-4) at 1:43 of the 2nd round of a welterweight bout; and Davey Vasquez (18-8) won an 8-round unanimous decision over Richard Rozelle (6-1) in a featherweight bout. The card took place at Halsey Field House at the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland.



30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Reality--Richard Sanderson (2nd week at #1)

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that prices charged by producers for finished goods had risen 0.6% in January. The U.S. Federal Reserve Board announced that industrial production had risen 0.4% in January.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Goodnight Girl--Wet Wet Wet (3rd week at #1)

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Ring-A-Ling--Tiggy

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat РIFPI Finland): Discoth̬que--U2

Died on this date
Robert Graham, 90
. U.S. eugenicist. Mr. Graham made a fortune by developing shatterproof plastic eyeglass lenses, but was best known for founding the Repository for Germinal Choice, a sperm bank for geniuses. The bank, based in Escondido, California, operated from 1980-1999.

Economics and finance
The Dow Jones industrial average broke through the 7,000 barrier for the first time, closing at 7,022.44.

10 years ago
2007


Politics and government
Taiwanese opposition leader Ma Ying-jeou resigned as the chairman of the Kuomintang party after being indicted on charges of embezzlement during his tenure as the mayor of Taipei; he also announced his candidacy for the 2008 presidential election.

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