1,600 years ago
Died on this date
Innocent I, 39. Roman Catholic Pope, 410-417. Innocent I succeeded Anastasius I, who was reported by Jerome to be Innocent's father. Pope Innocent I maintained and extended the authority of the Holy See, and closed the canon of scripture in 405. He died the day after his 39th birthday, and was succeeded by Zosimus.
100 years ago
Born on this date
Leonard Chess. Polish-born U.S. record company executive. Mr. Chess, born Lejzor Shmuel Czyż, and his brother Phil moved to the United States in 1928. They joined the Chicago-based label Aristocrat Records in 1947, eventually acquiring complete control. The brothers renamed the label Chess Records in 1950, and the company played a major role in promoting rhythm and blues artists in the 1950s and '60s. Leonard Chess died of "broken heart syndrome" on October 16, 1969 at the age of 52, a few months after selling Chess Records to General Recorded Tape.
Millard Kaufman. U.S. screenwriter. Mr. Kaufman wrote the screenplay for the short cartoon Ragtime Bear (1949)--the first Mr. Magoo cartoon--and was nominated for Academy Awards for his screenplays for Take the High Ground! (1953) and Bad Day at Black Rock (1955). He died on March 14, 2009, two days after his 92nd birthday.
Googie Withers. Indian-born U.K. actress. Georgette Withers had a career on stage, screen, and television that spanned more than six decades. Her movies included The Lady Vanishes (1938); One of Our Aircraft is Missing (1942); and Night and the City (1950). Miss Withers died on July 15, 2011 at the age of 94.
80 years ago
Died on this date
Charles-Marie Widor, 93. French composer. Mr. Widor was an organist whose best-known compositions were his 10 organ symphonies.
Jenő Hubay, 78. Hungarian composer. Mr. Hubay was a violinist and violin teacher who wrote four violin concertos and numerous encore pieces.
75 years ago
Died on this date
Robert Bosch, 80. German industrialist. Mr. Bosch founded the automotive components firm Robert Bosch GmbH in Stuttgart in 1886.
William Henry Bragg, 79. U.K. physicist, chemist, and mathematician. Sir William and his son William Lawrence Bragg shared the 1915 Nobel Prize in Physics "for their services in the analysis of crystal structure by means of X-rays." The mineral Braggite is named in their honour.
The Battle of Java ended with an ABDACOM surrender to the Japanese Empire in Bandung, West Java, Dutch East Indies. U.S. Major General Douglas MacArthur and a select party, including his wife and son, departed Corregidor in four PT boats, following U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's order to retreat to Australia in the wake of the Japanese invasion of the Philippines.
70 years ago
Died on this date
Winston Churchill, 75. U.S. author. Mr. Churchill, no relation to Sir Winston Churchill, was one of the most popular American novelists in the early years of the 20th century. His works included Richard Carvel (1899); The Crisis (1901); and The Crossing (1904). Mr. Churchill abandoned writing in 1919, and withdrew from public life. He died of a heart attack.
U.S. President Harry Truman established what became known as the Truman Doctrine to help Greece and Turkey resist Communism.
60 years ago
Died on this date
Josephine Hull, 80. U.S. actress. Mrs. Hull, born Mary Josephine Sherwood, had a career on stage that spanned four decades. She appeared in only six movies, but won the Academy Award for her supporting performance in Harvey (1950), reprising the part she had played on Broadway from 1944-1949. Mrs. Hull died of a cerebral hemorrhage.
At the movies
Seven Waves Away, starring Tyrone Power, Mai Zetterling, and Lloyd Nolan, received its premiere screening in London.
World lightweight champion Joe Brown (76-19-10) won a 10-round split decision over Armand Savoie (52-26-5) in a non-title bout in Houston.
50 years ago
Politics and government
Suharto took power from Sukarno when the Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat Republik Indonesia (People's Consultative Assembly of the Republic of Indonesia) inaugurated him as Acting President of Indonesia.
40 years ago
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Furia--Mal (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: Living Next Door to Alice--Smokie (5th week at #1)
#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Don't Cry for Me Argentina--Julie Covington (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Ireland: When I Need You--Leo Sayer (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K (BMRB): Chanson D'Amour--The Manhattan Transfer
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Love Theme from "A Star is Born" (Evergreen)--Barbra Streisand (2nd week at #1)
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Love Theme from "A Star is Born" (Evergreen)--Barbra Streisand (2nd week at #1)
2 Torn Between Two Lovers--Mary MacGregor
3 I Like Dreamin'--Kenny Nolan
4 Year of the Cat--Al Stewart
5 Dancing Queen--ABBA
6 Night Moves--Bob Seger
7 Rich Girl--Daryl Hall and John Oates
8 Carry On Wayward Son--Kansas
9 The Things We Do for Love--10 C.C.
10 Don't Leave Me this Way--Thelma Houston
Singles entering the chart were Lido Shuffle by Boz Scaggs (#69); Your Love by Marilyn McCoo and Billy Davis, Jr. (#80); Heard it in a Love Song by the Marshall Tucker Band (#81); Calling Dr. Love by Kiss (#82); Rock and Roll Star by Champagne (#85); Sing by Tony Orlando and Dawn (#91); There Will Come a Day (I’m Gonna Happen to You) by Smokey Robinson (#92); I Wanna Do it to You by Jerry Butler (#94); Dancin' Man by Q (#97); and Old Fashioned Boy (You're the One) by Stallion (#100).
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Love Theme from "A Star is Born" (Evergreen)--Barbra Streisand
2 Fly Like an Eagle--Steve Miller Band
3 Year of the Cat--Al Stewart
4 Torn Between Two Lovers--Mary MacGregor
5 Night Moves--Bob Seger
7 Enjoy Yourself--The Jacksons
6 Dancing Queen--ABBA
7 The Things We Do for Love--10 C.C.
8 I Like Dreamin'--Kenny Nolan
9 Boogie Child--Bee Gees
10 New Kid in Town--Eagles
Singles entering the chart were Gloria by Enchantment (#87); I'll Always Call Your Name by Little River Band (#90); Sailing Ships by Mesa (#91); Angel in Your Arms by Hot (#92); When I Need You by Leo Sayer (#93); Look Into Your Heart by Aretha Franklin (#94); Magical Mystery Tour by Ambrosia (#97); If You've Got the Time by the Babys (#98); N.Y., You've Got Me Dancing by the Andrea True Connection (#99); and I Think We're Alone Now by the Rubinoos (#100).
The Jim Ursel rink became the first rink from Quebec to win the Brier, finishing first in round-robin competition.
Chicago 1 @ Montreal 5
Greg Vaydik, a native of Yellowknife, played his first National Hockey League game, wearing #24 as a centre with the Black Hawks as they lost to the Canadiens at the Montreal Forum in the national Hockey Night in Canada telecast on CBC. He became the second Northwest Territories-born player in the NHL, after Vic Mercredi, who played 2 games with the Atlanta Flames in 1974-75.
30 years ago
On the radio
The Brier—the Canadian men’s curling championship—was being held in Edmonton, and John Short was hosting his Sportstalk show on CFRN from the Agricom, where the matches were taking place. He had been enjoying the festivities before going on the air shortly after 6 P.M., and the result was an entertaining, if somewhat incoherent, program. The show was supposed to run until the customary time of 10 P.M., but at about 7:15, a CFRN announcer came on the air after a commercial break and said, “Due to circumstances beyond our control, we’re forced to curtail Sportstalk for this evening.” Mr. Short apologized at the beginning of his show the next night.
Died on this date
Woody Hayes, 74. U.S. football coach. Mr. Hayes was head coach at Denison University (1946-1948), Miami University (1949-1950), and Ohio State University (1951-1978), compiling a career record of 238-72-10, and leading Ohio State to five national championships (1954; 1957; 1961; 1968; 1970). His career ended when he punched Clemson linebacker Charlie Bauman on the sidelines at the conclusion of Mr. Bauman's return of an interception late in the 1978 Gator Bowl. The Buckeyes lost by two points, and Mr. Hayes was fired the next day.
The musical Les Miserables opened at the Broadway Theatre Broadway in New York.
Brian Orser of Canada won the gold medal in the men's competition at the world championships at Riverfront Coliseum in Cincinnati. Defending champion Brian Boitano of the United States won the silver medal, and Aleksandr Fadeev of the U.S.S.R. won the bronze medal. Mr. Orser became the first Canadian man to win the championship since Don McPherson in 1963, and the first to win a single competition since Karen Magnussen won the women's event in 1973.
25 years ago
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Stay--Shakespears Sister (2nd week at #1)
Mauritius became a republic, while remaining a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.
The United Nations Security Council formally rejected claims by Iraqi envoy Tariq Aziz that Iraq had complied with terms of the cease-fire agreement that had ended the Persian Gulf war in 1991.
Catherine Fraser was appointed Chief Justice of Alberta, becoming the first woman in Alberta to hold a top provincial position.
Pre-Confederation St. Lawrence maritime pilot certificates at Library and Archives Canada - By Rebecca Murray The details of when and where our ancestors were born, lived and died are the building blocks of genealogical research. Knowing how they ...
6 hours ago