Wednesday, 6 March 2019

March 6, 2019

400 years ago
1619


Born on this date
Cyrano de Bergerac
. French author and playwright. Cyrano, born Savinien de Cyrano de Bergerac, was a major figure in French libertine literature in the first half of the 17th century. His works included L'Autre Monde: ou les États et Empires de la Lune (Comical History of the States and Empires of the Moon) (1657) and Les États et Empires du Soleil (The States and Empires of the Sun) (1662), both of which were published after his death from uncertain causes on July 28, 1655 at the age of 36. Cyrano is best known as the inspiration for the play Cyrano de Bergerac by Edmond Rostand (1898).

170 years ago
1849


Born on this date
Georg Luger
. Austrian gun designer. Mr. Luger designed and patented the parabellum pistol--commonly known as the Luger pistol--in 1898. He died on December 22, 1923 at the age of 74.

130 years ago
1889


Literature
French author Emile Zola's novels were seized and destroyed by Canadian customs officers in Toronto after they were ruled to be obscene.

120 years ago
1899


Died on this date
Kaʻiulani, 23
. Crown Princess of Hawaii. Princess Kaʻiulani, born Victoria Kawēkiu Kaʻiulani Lunalilo Kalaninuiahilapalapa Cleghorn, was a daughter of Scottish financier A.S. Cleghorn and Princess Miriam Likelike, the sister of Queen Liliʻuokalani. Princess Kaʻiulani opposed the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy by American commercial interests in 1893, and travelled through the U.S.A., advocating for Hawaiian independence. She was unsuccessful, and died of inflammatory rheumatism after several years of declining health, possibly a thyroid condition.

Business
Bayer registered "Aspirin" as a trademark.

100 years ago
1919


Hockey
Stanley Cup
NHL
Finals
Ottawa 2 @ Montreal 4 (Montreal won best-of-seven series 4-1)

Newsy Lalonde scored his 10th and 11th goals of the series to lead the Canadiens over the Senators at Jubilee Arena. His second goal of the game, 13 minutes into the 2nd period, broke a 1-1 tie.

75 years ago
1944


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: Death on the Scottish Express

War
850 U.S. Flying Fortresses and Liberators dropped more than 2,000 tons of bombs in the second day of attacks on Berlin. Soviet forces captured more than 200 inhabited places and cut the vital Odessa-Lvov rail line in Ukraine. U.S. Marines landed on the west coast of the Willaumez Peninsula of New Britain Island.

Scandal
Willard H. Dow told the United States Senate's Truman Committee that government charges linking Dow Chemical Company with a German cartel were wrong.

Society
U.S. Fair Employment Practices Commission Chairman Malcolm Ross said that the Chicago & Northwestern Railway would upgrade the status of Negro employees, promoting car cleaners to helpers, and dining car waiters to stewards, as recommended by the FEPC.

70 years ago
1949


On the radio
Pat Novak For Hire, starring Jack Webb, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Fleet Lady

Died on this date
Edwin Colpitts, 77
. Canadian-born U.S. engineer. Mr. Colpitts, a native of Point de Bute, New Brunswick, moved to the United States in 1895. He was best known for inventing the Colpitts oscillator, and led a team that successfully demonstrated the first transatlantic radio telephone in 1915.

J. Melville Broughton, 60. U.S. politician. Mr. Broughton, a Democrat, was Governor of North Carolina from 1941-1945, and represented the state in the United States Senate from December 31, 1948 until his death from a heart attack after just three months in office.

Politics and government
Supporters of President Gabriel Gonzales Videla won two-thirds of the seats in the Chilean general election. In the 147-seat Chamber of Deputies, the Radical Party led with 34 seats, followed by the Liberal Party (33); Social Christian Conservative Party (31); and Agrarian labour Party (14). IN the 45-seat Senate, 20 seats were up for election; the Liberals led with 6, followed by the Radicals (5); Social Christian Conservatives (3); and Agrarian Labour (3).

Energy
The British government announced the construction of the country's first atomic reactor capable of producing plutonium.

Skiing
Yves Latrelle and Andrea Mead won the men's and women's titles, respectively, at the U.S. National Championships at Big Mountain, Montana.

60 years ago
1959


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): As I Love You--Shirley Bassey with Wally Stott and his Orchestra (3rd week at #1)

World events
Asserting that revolutionary justice was based not on "legal" precepts but on the people's "moral" convictions, Cuban Prime Minister Fidel Castro ordered a second trial for 43 Air Force men acquitted of bombing and strafing Cuban villages.

Defense
Sources in Bonn reported that France and West Germany had agreed to reject "all plans of disengagement" of Western and Soviet forces in Europe.

Politics and government
U.S. District Court Judge Frank Johnson dismissed a U.S. Justice Department suit against Alabama to force Macon County officials to allow 20 "qualified" Negroes to register to vote.

50 years ago
1969


On television tonight
Dragnet 1969, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Burglary: DR-31



Space
Apollo 9 Commander Jim McDivitt and Lunar Module Pilot Rusty Schweickart returned to the lunar module Spider, and Mr. Schweickart took a 40-minute spacewalk between Spider and the command module Gumdrop. In contrast to the umbilical cord that previous spacewalkers had worn, Mr. Schweickart wore a backpack that provided oxygen, an electrical supply, a cooling system, and communication equipment. The backpack was known as the Portable Life Support System (PLSS), commonly referred to as "Pliss." The suit and pack cost more than $250,000. A telecast followed Mr. Schweickart's return to Gumdrop. A photograph of Mr. Scott standing in the open hatch of Gumdrop, with the blue water of the earth in the background, is probably the most famous image from the Apollo 9 mission.

War
The United States Defense Department disclosed that U.S. combat deaths since the beginning of the Paris peace talks on May 10, 1968 reached 9,425 on March 1. In the same period the toll for South Vietnam was 10,893, with 115,027 Communist deaths. Enemy guns bombarded Saigon with their fourth rocket attack of the 12-day-old offensive. It came after U.S. President Richard Nixon said that a continuation of such attacks would bring some sort of "appropriate response." In strong protest against the Communists' post-Tet offensive, U.S. Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge told the Communists at the Paris talks that "the consequences of these attacks are your responsibility." The Americans and South Vietnamese broke off the session (the shortest session since the resumption of talks in January) because of the absence of a "favourable atmosphere." United States Army Spec. 4 Edwin Arnett, found guilty of desertion at his court martial two days earlier, was sentenced to four years of hard labour and a dishonourable discharge.

Terrorism
A bomb exploded in a cafeteria at Hebrew University in Jerusalem, injuring 29 and causing heavy damage.

Canadiana
The National Library of Canada in Ottawa mounted a display of former Prime Minister Sir Wilfrid Laurier's papers and memorabilia; it was the first exhibit of its kind in Canada.

Disasters
Nine people, eight of them children, were killed when fire swept through a tenement in Jersey City, New Jersey.

40 years ago
1979


War
South African forces attacked guerrilla bases in Angola to halt incursions into South-West Africa (Namibia). The action coincided with South Africa's rejection of a United Nations-sponsored cease-fire to aid transition to majority rule in Namibia.

800 Muslims were reported killed by angry Negroes in Chad, in ethnic strife following an abortive coup in February by Islamic separatists.

Popular Culture
U.S. President Jimmy Carter's brother Billy was admitted to the Betty Ford Center for treatment of alcohol dependency (i.e., he drank too much).

Music
Bill Haley arrived at Gatwick Airport in London as he began a tour of England, his first tour in more than two years.

30 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): I'm Gonna Be (500 Miles)--The Proclaimers (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Real Gone Kid--Deacon Blue (3rd week at #1)

Canadiana
Monique Kavelaars, Miss Teen London, was named Miss Teen Canada 1989. The pageant was telecast on CTV.

25 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Hip Hop Holiday--The Hard Way

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): All for Love--Bryan Adams, Rod Stewart and Sting (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: All for Love--Bryan Adams, Rod Stewart and Sting (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Without You--Mariah Carey (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Melina Mercouri, 73
. Greek actress, singer, and politician. Miss Mercouri was known for her starring roles in the movies Never on Sunday (1960) and Topkapi (1964). She was away from Greece when a military coup took over the Greek government in 1967; she spent the next seven years in exile, campaigning against the junta and surviving terrorist attempts against her. Miss Mercouri was one of the founders of the Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK), and when they gained power, she served as Greece's Minister for Culture from 1981-1989 and 1993-1994. She died of lung cancer.

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