Tuesday, 18 June 2019

June 17, 2019

780 years ago
1239


Born on this date
Edward I
. King of England, 1272-1307. Edward I was the eldest son of King Henry III, and succeeded him on the throne. Edward led a number of military campaigns and building projects, while exacting a heavy tax burden on the English people. He was the king who expelled Jews from England in 1290. Edward I died of dysentery on July 7, 1307 at the age of 68 while on his way to lead troops into battle against Robert the Bruce of Scotland, and was succeeded as king by his son Edward II.

440 years ago
1579


Americana
Sir Francis Drake claimed a land he called Nova Albion (modern California) for England.

230 years ago
1789


Politics and government
The Third Estate in France--bourgeoisie and labourers representing 97% of the population--declared itself the National Assembly and undertook to frame a constitution.

225 years ago
1794


Britannica
The Anglo-Corsican Kingdom was founded on the island of Corsica.

180 years ago
1839


Died on this date
William Bentinck, 64
. U.K. military officer and politician. Lieutenant-General Lord Bentinck served in the Peninsular War and commanded British troops in Sicily. He was Governor of Madras (1803-1807); Governor-General of the Presidency of Fort William (1828-1833); and Governor-General of India (1828-1835), where he abolished suttee and thuggee, and suppressed female infanticide and human sacrifices. Lord Bentinck died in Paris.

Religion
King Kamehameha III of Hawaii issued the edict of toleration, giving Roman Catholics the freedom to worship in the Hawaiian Islands; the Hawaii Catholic Church and the Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace were established as a result.

150 years ago
1869


Politics and government
Former Newfoundland Governor Anthony Musgrave was appointed Governor of British Columbia.

110 years ago
1909


Born on this date
Ralph Winters
. Canadian-born U.S. film editor. Mr. Winters, a native of Toronto, won Academy Awards for King Solomon's Mines (1950) and Ben-Hur (1959), and was nominated for Academy Awards for four other films. He worked on 12 movies directed by Blake Edwards. Mr. Winters died on February 26, 2004 at the age of 94.

Elmer L. Andersen. U.S. politician. Mr. Andersen, a Republican, was a member of the Minnesota Senate from 1949-1958, and was Governor of Minnesota from 1961-1963, championing liberal initiatives in fields such as education and the environment. He lost his 1962 bid for re-election in 1962 by 91 votes to Democratic opponent and Lieutenant-Governor Karl Rolvaag. Mr. Andersen died on November 15, 2004 at the age of 95.

100 years ago
1919


Born on this date
Beryl Reid
. U.K. actress. Miss Reid appeared in plays, films, and television programs in a career spanning more than 50 years from the 1930s to the '80s. She won a Tony Award for her starring performance in The Killing of Sister George (1967), an Olivier Award for Best Comedy Performance for Born in the Gardens (1980), and a BAFTA Award for her starring performance in the television miniseries Smiley's People (1982). Miss Reid died of pneumonia on October 13, 1996 at the age of 77.

William Kaye Estes. U.S. psychologist. Dr. Estes was a mathematical and cognitive psychologist who studied under B.F. Skinner. In 1950, Dr. Estes developed the Stimulus Sampling Theory, which suggested that a stimulus-response association is learned on a single trial, while the learning process is continuous and consists of the accumulation of distinct stimulus-response pairings. He died on August 17, 2011 at the age of 92.

John Moffat. U.K. military officer. Lieutenant Commander Moffat was a Royal Navy Fleet Air Arm pilot, widely credited as the pilot whose torpedo crippled the German battleship Bismarck on May 26, 1941. He died on December 11, 2016 at the age of 97.

Protest
400 Canadian Army soldiers who were stationed at Woodcote Camp on Epsom Downs in England, unhappy at still being overseas seven months after the World War I armistice, went on a rampage in Epsom, Surrey, and attacked the police station. Station-Sergeant Thomas Green, 51, was clubbed on the head by Private Allan MacMaster, and died early the next day without regaining consciousness.

Labour
Government agents arrested and jailed 10 leaders of the Winnipeg Central Strike Committee--including future Co-operative Commonwealth Federation leader J. S. Woodsworth--and 2 propagandists from the newly-formed One Big Union.

90 years ago
1929


Disasters
The town of Murchison, New Zealand was rocked by a 7.8 magnitude earthquake, killing 17 people; at the time it was New Zealand's worst natural disaster.

80 years ago
1939


Died on this date
Allen Sothoron, 46
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Sothoron played with the St. Louis Browns (1914-1915, 1917-1921); Boston Red Sox (1921); Cleveland Indians (1921-1922); and St. Louis Cardinals (1924-1926), compiling a record of 91-99 with an earned run average of 3.31. His best season was 1919, when he was 20-13 with an ERA of 2.20, fifth in the American League in both categories. Mr. Sothoron ended his major league playing acreer with the Cardinals' first World Series championship team in 1926. He managed the Browns for 8 games in 1933 between the resignation of Bill Killefer and the hiring of Rogers Hornsby, leading the team to a 2-6 record. Mr. Sothoron died after a series of illnesses, apparently brought on by heavy drinking.

Eugen Weidmann, 31. German-born French criminal. Mr. Weidmann was executed outside the prison Saint-Pierre in Versailles for six murders committed in 1937, becoming the last person to be publicly guillotined in France.

75 years ago
1944


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I'll Get By (As Long as I Have You)--Harry James and his Music Makers with Dick Haymes (Best Seller--2nd week at #1; Jukebox--1st week at #1)

Theatre
On Broadway in New York City, Arsenic and Old Lace closed at the Hudson Theatre after 1,444 performances since 1941, while Tomorrow the World closed at the Ethel Barrymore Theatre after 499 performances since 1943.

War
U.S. troops in France cut off Cherbourg by pushing across the isthmus and establishing a 7-mile position on the west coast between Barneville and St. Lo d'Ourville. U.S. troops pushing up the Italian west coast advanced beyond Grosseto. French troops invaded the island of Elba off the Italian coast.

Europeana
Iceland declared herself a republic independent from Denmark, and the Icelandic parliament elected Regent Sveinn Bjoernsson as the country's first President.

Economics and finance
U.S. War Production Board chairman Donald Nelson announced plans to help industry prepare for peacetime production through the purchase of materials and tools not essential for current war production.

70 years ago
1949


On television tonight
Your Show Time, hosted and narrated by Arthur Shields, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County, starring Kirby Grant and Kristine Miller

World events
Chinese Communist authorities reopened the port of Shanghai to world shipping after a four-day search for Nationalist mines.

Crime
U.S. government prosecutors rested their case in the perjury trial of former U.S. State Department employee Alger Hiss in New York as U.S. Federal Court Judge Samuel Kaufman denied a defense motion to dismiss Mr. Hiss's indictment. Testifying at her espionage trial in Washington, U.S. Justice Department employee Judith Coplon accused her superior of "planting" incriminating documents in her purse following the discovery of her romance with Soviet engineer Valentin Gubitchev.

Academia
The University of Kentucky announced an end to segregation of Negro students.

Economics and finance
U.S. Economic Cooperation Administrator Paul Hoffman criticized the Argentine-British commercial agreement for restricting free trade, and threatened to cut off Marshall Plan aid to the United Kingdom if both countries adhered to the pact.

Business
The International Chamber of Commerce concluded a five-day meeting in Quebec after urging the extension of free trade and opposing the restriction on cartels and state control of business.

60 years ago
1959


At the movies
The Horse Soldiers, directed by John Ford, and starring John Wayne and William Holden, received its premiere screening in Shreveport, Louisiana.

Defense
U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower offered to meet with French President Charles de Gaulle to discuss France's refusal to permit stockpiling of U.S. nuclear weapons on French territory.

World events
Southern Rhodesian security police arrested 79 suspected members of the African National Congress.

Politics and government
Taoiseach (Prime Minister) and Fianna Fáil candidate Éamon de Valera was elected President of Ireland, taking 56.3% of the vote to 43.7% for Fine Gael candidate Seán Mac Eoin. A referendum proposed by Mr. de Valera to replace the electoral system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote with first-past-the-post voting was defeated 52.8%-48.2%.

Japanese Prime Minister Nobusuke Kishi named a new cabinet in preparation for a political fight over pending revision of the U.S.-Japan security treaty.

Scandal
In Liberace v Daily Mirror, a court in London awarded U.S. concert pianist Wladziu "Lee" Liberace £8,000, ruling that London Daily Mirror columnist William Connor, writing under the name Cassandra, had libeled Mr. Liberace by implying that he was homosexual, an accusation that Mr. Liberace hotly denied. After Mr. Liberace's death in 1987, the Daily Mirror attempted to get a reversal of the verdict and a refund of the damages.

A U.S. federal grand jury in New York indicted former Teamsters union President Dave Beck, two business executives, and three companies on charges of violating the Taft-Hartley Act's prohibition against company payoffs to union leaders.

50 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): The Ballad of John and Yoko--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

War
Apbia mountain in South Vietnam, popularly known as "Hamburger Hill," which had been taken by U.S. and South Vietnamese forces the previous month, was reportedly occupied again by about 1,000 North Vietnamese soldiers.

Arab artillery units made an unusual attack on a tourist centre at the northern end of the Dead Sea and killed a 25-year-old American woman. Four other civilians were injured.

40 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Baby it's You--Promises (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Music Box Dancer--Frank Mills (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
Duffy Lewis, 91
. U.S. baseball player. George Edward Lewis played left field with the Boston Red Sox (1910-1917); New York Yankees (1919-1920); and Washington Nationals (1921), batting .284 with 38 home runs and 793 runs batted in in 1,459 games. With Tris Speaker in center field and Harry Hooper in right field, the outfield trio helped the Red Sox win World Series championships in 1912, 1915, and 1918. Mr. Lewis was so good at playing the 10-foot incline in front of the left field wall in Fenway Park that the incline was known as "Duffy's Cliff."

Lou Frizzell, 59. U.S. actor and composer. Mr. Frizzell was the music director of the Japanese-American internment camp in Manzanar, California during World War II, and wrote music for various plays in which he acted, while appearing in various plays, movies, and television programs, usually in minor character roles. He died after a lengthy illness, a week after his 59th birthday.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Jimmy Carter and U.S.S.R. leader Leonid Brezhnev continued their summit in Vienna. Mr. Brezhnev gave Mr. Carter a written and oral assurance that production of the Soviet TU-22M supersonic bomber would not exceed 30 per year. Mr. Brezhnev warned that the SALT-II agreement could collapse if the treaty was amended or changed during the ratification process, with "grave and even dangerous consequences for our relations and for the situation in the world as a whole."

Politics and government
The Sandanistas in Nicaragua announced the composition of a provisional government to succeed the regime of President Anastasio Somoza. The junta was described as mainly moderate, with few--but important--FSLN representatives.

Golf
Hale Irwin shot a 4-over-par 75, including a double bogey on the 17th hole and a bogey on the 18th, but still won the U.S. Open at the Inverness Club in Toledo, Ohio, 2 strokes ahead of Jerry Pate. First prize money was $50,000.



30 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): When the Night Comes--Joe Cocker

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Anne--Clouseau

#1 single in France (SNEP): Johnny, Johnny Come Home--Avalanche (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Sealed with a Kiss--Jason Donovan (2nd week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 No More Bolero's--Gerard Joling
2 I Want it All--Queen
3 If You Don't Know Me by Now--Simply Red
4 Me Myself and I--De La Soul
5 Manchild--Neneh Cherry
6 Americanos--Holly Johnson
7 Express Yourself--Madonna
8 Marina--Rocco & the Carnations
9 I'm Every Woman (Remix)--Chaka Khan
10 Eternal Flame--Bangles

Singles entering the chart were Jij Blijft Bij Mij by Koos Alberts (#24); Amor de Mis Amores by Paco (#27); Ferry 'cross The Mersey by The Christians, Holly Johnson, Paul McCartney, Gerry Marsden & Stock Aitken Waterman (#31); Kom Van Dat Dak Af by Peter Koelewijn en Miker-G & DJ Sven (#32); I Don't Wanna Get Hurt by Donna Summer (#33); Licence to Kill by Gladys Knight (#35); and Every Little Step by Bobby Brown (#36).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 I'll Be Loving You (Forever)--New Kids on the Block
2 Wind Beneath My Wings--Bette Midler
3 Every Little Step--Bobby Brown
4 Satisfied--Richard Marx
5 Buffalo Stance--Neneh Cherry
6 Baby Don't Forget My Number--Milli Vanilli
7 Good Thing--Fine Young Cannibals
8 Close My Eyes Forever--Lita Ford (Duet with Ozzy Osbourne)
9 This Time I Know it's for Real--Donna Summer
10 Cry--Waterfront

Singles entering the chart were Batdance by Prince (#53); No More Rhyme by Debbie Gibson (#66); Sacred Emotion by Donny Osmond (#70); Friends by Jody Watley with Eric B. & Rakim (#76); Love Train by Holly Johnson (#82); Cover of Love by Michael Damian (#84); Angel Eyes by the Jeff Healey Band (#85); Dancing in Heaven (Orbital Be-Bop) by Q-feel (#96); and Trouble Me by 10,000 Maniacs (#98). Batdance was from the movie Batman (1989).

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Wind Beneath My Wings--Bette Midler (2nd week at #1)
2 Every Little Step--Bobby Brown
3 Satisfied--Richard Marx
4 Buffalo Stance--Neneh Cherry
5 I'll Be Loving You (Forvever)--New Kids on the Block
6 Good Thing--Fine Young Cannibals
7 Rock On--Michael Damian
8 Soldier of Love--Donny Osmond
9 Patience--Guns n' Roses
10 Baby Don't Forget My Number--Milli Vanilli

Singles entering the chart were Batdance by Prince (#60); No More Rhyme by Debbie Gibson (#68); Sacred Emotion by Donny Osmond (#75); Calling it Love by Animotion (#80); and Pop Song 89 by R.E.M. (#86).

25 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Mmm Mmm Mmm Mmm--Crash Test Dummies (3rd week at #1)

Crime
Police in Los Angeles charged former football star O. J. Simpson with the June 12 murders of his ex-wife Nicole and her friend Ron Goldman, and then pursued him for about 50 miles along Southern California highways before he finally surrendered outside his home.



U.S. District Court Judge Walter Smith handed prison sentences to eight members of the Branch Davidian cult for defending themselves against attack by federal government agents on February 28, 1993. The defendants were also ordered to pay more than $1.1 in fines and restitution.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Houston 84 @ New York 91 (New York led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Patrick Ewing scored 25 points and grabbed 22 rebounds to help the Knickerbockers defeat the Rockets before 19,763 fans at Madison Square Garden. Hakeem Olajuwon of the Rockets led all scorers with 27 points. NBC frequently interrupted its telecast of the game to cut to live coverage of the car chase involving Los Angeles police and murder suspect O.J. Simpson.



Soccer
The first World Cup to be played in the United States opened in nine cities across the country.

20 years ago
1999


Died on this date
Basil Hume, 76
. U.K. clergyman. Cardinal Hume was ordained a Benedictine Roman Catholic priest in 1950; he was appointed Archbishop of Westminster in February 1976, and became a cardinal three months later. He helped to popularize Catholicism in the United Kingdom, and enjoyed friendly relations with Queen Elizabeth II. Cardinal Hume died of cancer.

Stanley Faulder, 61. Canadian-born U.S. criminal. Mr. Faulder, a native of Jasper, Alberta, was convicted in 1977 and sentenced to death for the 1975 murder in Texas of 75-year-old Inez Scarborough Phillips during a robbery in her house. He was executed by lethal injection in Huntsville, Texas despite diplomatic complaints by the Canadian government, becoming the first Canadian executed in the U.S.A. since 1952.

War
British Foreign Minister Geoff Hoon said that 10,000 ethnic Albanians might have been killed by Serbs in Yugoslavia.

Law
The United States House of Representatives passed a juvenile crime bill. It would provide $1.5 billion more to states to deal with crimes by minors. Anyone at least 14 years of age could be tried as an adult. An amendment was approved that would allow the Ten Commandments to be displayed in schools and government buildings. An amendment to the gun bill that would allow only a 24-hour background check when someone purchased a gun at a gun show was approved by a vote of 218-211.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Buffalo 0 @ Dallas 2 (Dallas led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Darryl Sydor's powerplay goal at 2:23 of the 2nd period proved to be enough as the Stars shut out the Sabres before 17,001 fans at Reunion Arena. Pat Verbeek scored an insurance goal with 4:39 remaining in regulation time, while Ed Belfour made 23 saves to win the goaltending duel over Dominik Hasek.



10 years ago
2009


Died on this date
Ralf Dahrendorf, 80
. German-born U.K. sociologist and politician. Dr. Dahrendorf emphasized class conflict in society, in books such as Class Conflict in Industrial Society (1959) and Essays in the Theory of Society (1968). He was a Marxist who opposed the Nazis in his youth, and was a member of the Parliament of Baden-Württemberg (1968-1969), and as a member of the Free Democratic Party, sat in the West German Bundestag (1969-1970). He taught in Germany, the U.S.A., and U.K., eventually settling in Britain. Sir Ralf became Baron Dahrendorf of Clare Market, and sat in the House of Lords from 1993 until his death from cancer.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Montreal (1-0) 37 @ Toronto (0-1) 24
Hamilton (0-1) 22 @ Winnipeg (1-0) 32
Saskatchewan (0-1) 12 @ Edmonton (1-0) 45
British Columbia (0-1) 30 @ Calgary (1-0) 37

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