Tuesday, 14 December 2010

December 14, 2010

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Wendy Welt!

Married on this date
Happy Anniversary, Eileen and Leo Sasakamoose!

90 years ago
1920

Boxing

World heavyweight champion Jack Dempsey (56-4-9) retained his title by knocking out Bill Brennan (38-6-3) at 1:57 of the 12th round at Madison Square Garden in New York. Mr. Brennan protested, claiming he had beaten the count. It was Mr. Dempsey's first fight at Madison Square Garden.

50 years ago
1960


World events
Antoine Gizenga, who had been vice-premier in the cabinet of former Congolese Premier Patrice Lumumba, proclaimed in Stanleyville that he had assumed the premiership. Mr. Gizenga, who was alleged to be a Communist sympathizer, sent a cablegram to Valerian Zorian, chief Soviet delegate to the United Nations and President of the UN Security Council, stating that the Congo’s "lawful government" had been moved from Leopoldville to Stanleyville, pro-Lumumba stronghold and capital of the province of Oriental. A Soviet resolution in the Security Council to seek the release of Mr. Lumumba, who had been captured on December 1 by troops of Colonel Joseph Mobutu, was defeated 8-2, with the U.S.S.R. and Poland supporting the resolution, and Ceylon abstaining. The Soviets vetoed a western resolution that would have given UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold increased powers to deal with the Congo situation.

Abominations
The United Nations General Assembly voted 89-0 (9 countries, including the United States, abstained) in favour of an Asian-African resolution proclaiming "the necessity of bringing to a speedy and unconditional end colonialism in all its form and manifestations." The resolution called for "immediate steps" toward complete independence for colonial territories. Mrs. Zelma Watson George, a Negro member of the U.S. delegation, stood and applauded approval of the measure. U.S. Ambassador James J. Wadsworth expressed regret to the Assembly that the U.S.A. "had to abstain" because of fears that the resolution conflicted with the UN Charter. Previously, the Assembly had defeated a Soviet move for a one-year deadline for complete independence for colonial territories.

Diplomacy
Representatives of the United States, Canada, and 18 Europeans signed in Paris the charter of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), a new international economic organization intended to replace the 18-nation Organization for European Economic Cooperation. Other signatories were the U.K.; France; West Germany; Italy; the Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Sweden; Norway; Denmark; Switzerland; Austria; Spain; Portugal; Ireland; Iceland; Greece; and Turkey. The charter was to come into effect after ratification by 15 members.

Disasters
53 people were killed when the Yugoslav tanker Peter Zoranic and Greek tanker World Harmony collided in the Bosporus, exploded, and burned.

Baseball
Choosing first in the first expansion draft in major league history, the Los Angeles Angels of the American League selected right-handed pitcher Eli Grba from the New York Yankees. Mr. Grba had posted a 6-4 record with the Yankees in 1960 after going 2-5 as a rookie in 1959.

40 years ago
1970


World events
Spanish dictator Francisco Franco decreed a nationwide state of emergency, giving police unlimited power of arrest for six months. The decree came as a reaction to strikes and riots over the court-martial of 16 Basque separatists on charges of banditry and the 1968 murder of a secret police inspector in the Basque province of Guipuzcoa.

Politics and government
Elections took place for the Territorial Council of the Northwest Territories. Dave Searle was elected as the member for Yellowknife, defeating James Washie.

U.S. President Richard Nixon announced that former Texas Governor John Connally would replace David Kennedy as Secretary of the Treasury, and that Mr. Kennedy would keep his cabinet rank as an ambassador-at-large in international fiscal and monetary matters. The appointments would take effect on February 1, 1971, pending approval by the United States Senate.

Crime
In an attempt to discredit one prosecution witness in the court-martial of U.S. Army Lieutenant William Calley for his role in the murder of civilians in the My Lai massacre in South Vietnam on March 16, 1968, the defense called five young Vietnam veterans who testified that when the Charlie Company infantrymen landed, some of the soldiers were high on marijuana, but that their orders had been clear--to kill everything because it was "a search and destroy mission."

30 years ago
1980


Hockey
NHL
Edmonton 5 @ Quebec 6

25 years ago
1985


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Broken Wings--Mr. Mister (2nd week at #1)
2 Separate Lives--Phil Collins and Marilyn Martin
3 Say You, Say Me--Lionel Richie
4 We Built This City--Starship
5 Alive and Kicking--Simple Minds
6 Never--Heart
7 Party All the Time--Eddie Murphy
8 Election Day--Arcadia
9 Sleeping Bag--ZZ Top
10 You Belong to the City--Glenn Frey

Americana
Wilma Mankiller became the first woman to lead a major American Indian tribe as she took office as principal chief of the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma.

20 years ago
1990


Abominations
A probate court judge in Jasper County, Missouri ruled that the parents of Nancy Cruzan, who had reportedly been in a persistent vegetative state since suffering severe brain damage in a 1983 auto accident, had a right to remove Miss Cruzan’s feeding tube because three of her co-workers had testified in November that she had once said that she would never want to live under such circumstances. Two hours after the court ruling, the feeding tube was removed.

World events
The first legal conference of the African National Congress in South Africa in 31 years began, the day after ANC President Oliver Tambo had returned to the country after three decades in exile. The conference brought together 1,600 delegates near Soweto to discuss political strategy.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that producer prices for finished goods had risen 0.5% in November.

10 years ago
2000


Diplomacy
Russian President Vladimir Putin began a visit to Cuba, the first time a Russian leader had visited Cuba since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. Mr. Putin and Cuban dictator Fidel Castro denounced the U.S. trade embargo imposed on Cuba.

Business
The U.S. Federal Trade Commission approved the $202-billion sale of Time Warner and America Online.

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