Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Dave Brubeck!
The legendary jazz pianist is probably best known for his composition Take Five, which reached #25 on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart in the fall of 1961.
80 years ago
On the radio
The Grey Cup game between Toronto Balmy Beach and Regina Roughriders was broadcast across Canada for the first time on the Canadian National Railways network. Foster Hewitt called the play-by-play.
Grey Cup @ Varsity Stadium, Toronto
Toronto Balmy Beach 11 Regina 6
Only 3,914 fans showed up on a cold, overcast day to see Balmy Beach win their second and last Grey Cup on a muddy field. Ab Box of Balmy Beach left the game with an injury in the 1st quarter, but not before punting for 3 singles to give Toronto a 3-0 lead. Bob Reid scored a touchdown in the 2nd quarter and Claude Harris punted for 2 singles to give Balmy Beach a 10-0 halftime lead. In the 3rd quarter, Fred Brown of the Roughriders became the first player ever to score a touchdown for a western team in a Grey Cup game. Sol Bloomfield added a single to reduce Toronto’s lead to 10-6 after 3 quarters. Mr. Harris punted for his third single of the game to increase Toronto’s lead to 11-6, but the Roughriders had the ball inside Balmy Beach’s 25-yard line in the final minute and appeared to be driving for a touchdown. Ted Reeve, who had missed most of the game with a shoulder injury, came off the bench to bolster the Toronto line. Balmy Beach promptly threw the Roughriders for two big losses, and then Mr. Reeve blocked Mr. Bloomfield’s punt at midfield. Balmy Beach were never again in danger. The loss was the third in a Grey Cup in as many years for the Roughriders.
50 years ago
On television tonight
Thriller, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Big Blackout, starring Jack Carson, Charles McGraw, and Nan Leslie
Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Matt Dunigan!
A three-week congress in Moscow of the leaders of 81 Communist parties from around the world issued a manifesto setting forth world Communist policy. It was seen as a compromise of the differing viewpoints of Soviet Premier Nikita Khruschchev and Chinese head of state Liu Shao-chi, who had reportedly debated their conflicting ideologies. Chinese leaders expressed doubts about Mr. Khruschchev’s insistence that war was no longer inevitable to Communist success. The manifesto followed the Soviet line in saying,
The near future will bring the forces of peace and socialism new successes. The U.S.S.R. will become the leading industrial power of the world. China will become a mighty industrial state. The socialist system will be turning out more than half the world industrial product.
The peace zone will expand. The working-class movement in the capitalist countries and the national-liberation movement in the colonies and the dependencies will achieve new victories. The disintegration of the colonial system will become completed. The superiority of the forces of socialism and peace will be absolute.
In these conditions a real possibility will have arisen to exclude world war from the life of society even before socialism achieves complete victory on earth, with capitalism still existing in a part of the world. The victory of socialism all over the world will completely remove the social and national causes of war.
U.S. observers interpreted as a concession to the Chinese the following:
Peaceful coexistence of countries with different social systems does not mean conciliation of the socialist and bourgeois ideologies. On the contrary, it implies intensification of the struggle of the working class, of all the Communist parties, for the triumph of socialist ideas.
The manifesto included such other gems as:
The decay of capitalism is particularly marked in the United States of America, the chief imperialist country of today.
U.S. imperialism is the main force of aggression and war...but should the imperialist maniacs start war, the peoples will sweep capitalism out of existence and bury it.
French President Charles de Gaulle’s plan for establishing an independent French atomic striking force became law without direct approval of the French parliament. The measure, authorizing the spending of US$1.2 billion to create a nuclear force within five years, became law when a third censure motion opposing it failed to win the 277 votes needed in the National Assembly to bring down the government of Premier Michel Debre.
British and British Empire heavyweight champion Henry Cooper won a 10-round decision over South American champion Alex Miteff of Argentina at Empire Pool, Wembley, London. Mr. Cooper was knocked down and nearly out in the 10th round.
30 years ago
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Lady--Kenny Rogers (4th week at #1)
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Master Blaster (Jammin’)--Stevie Wonder
2 Lady--Kenny Rogers
3 The Wanderer--Donna Summer
4 More Than I Can Say--Leo Sayer
5 Another One Bites the Dust--Queen
6 Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand
7 (Just Like) Starting Over--John Lennon
8 I’m Coming Out--Diana Ross
9 Dreaming--Cliff Richard
10 You’ve Lost That Lovin’ Feeling--Daryl Hall and John Oates
Singles entering the chart that week included Games People Play by Alan Parsons Project (#79); 9 to 5 by Dolly Parton (#84); Cold Love by Donna Summer (#85); Heartbreak Hotel by the Jacksons (#87); and Giving it Up for Your Love by Delbert McClinton (#89).
The prosecution at the trial in China of Jiang Qing, widow of Chairman Mao Zedong, accused her of ordering the death by torture of two teachers in 1967 while trying to force them to give evidence that the wife of Liu Shaoqi, the country’s former head of state, was an American spy.
As an American fact-finding mission led by William Rogers arrived in El Salvador, two of the five members of the country’s junta threatened to resign unless the army purged rightist terrorists from its ranks.
Iraq reported that Iranian warplanes had bombed several targets in the Kurdish section of northern Iraq and that the Iraqis had destroyed four Iranian planes. Despite the claims, there seemed to be no change along the 300-mile front.
25 years ago
U.S. Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger and British Defense Secretary Michael Heseltine signed an agreement that specified 18 areas of technology in which British defense companies and research establishments were free to compete with U.S. companies and institutions for Strategic Defense Initiative contracts. Neil Kinnock, leader of Britain’s opposition Labour Party, said that SDI was "destabilizing and dangerous."
Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that the nation’s unemployment rate had held nearly steady at 6.9% in November.
20 years ago
A peaceful demonstration took place against plans by Hindu fundamentalists to tear down a mosque in the Indian city of Ayodhya and replace it with a temple to the god Rama, whom they believed was born on the site.
The National Hockey League expanded to 24 teams as Ottawa and Tampa Bay were awarded expansion franchises, to begin play in the 1992-93 season.