325 years ago
Publick Occurrences Both Forreign and Domestick, the first multi-page newspaper to appear in the Americas, was published in Boston for the first and only time. It was shut down by British colonial authorities the next day.
240 years ago
American Revolutionary War hero Ethan Allen, leader of the Green Mountain Boys from Vermont, was captured by the British as he led an attack on Montreal before the Army of the Continental Congress arrived.
225 years ago
Peking opera was born when the Four Great Anhui Troupes introduced Anhui opera to Beijing in honor of the Qianlong Emperor's eightieth birthday.
130 years ago
Kapapamahchakwew (Wandering Spirit) was tried for treason in Battleford, Northwest Territories and was sentenced to hang for his involvement in the North West Rebellion.
The Chicago White Stockings whipped the Providence Grays 21-3 at Wright Street Grounds in Milwaukee.
125 years ago
The United States Congress established Sequoia National Park in California.
Wilford Woodruff, "Prophet, Seer, and Revelator" (i.e., President) of the Mormon church, officially renounced the practice of polygamy.
100 years ago
Born on this date
Ethel Rosenberg. U.S. traitor. Mrs. Rosenberg, 37, and her husband Julius, 35, were executed in the electric chair at Sing Sing Correctional Facility in Ossining, New York on June 19, 1953, two years after being convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage in a time of war for passing information about U.S. development of the atomic bomb to the U.S.S.R. during World War II. Their convictions and executions were, and remain, a subject of controversy.
The Second Battle of Champagne began in France.
80 years ago
The Chicago Cubs clinched at least a tie for the National League pennant with a 1-0 win over the St. Louis Cardinals before 20,000 fans at Sportsman’s Park in St. Louis. Phil Cavaretta’s home run off Paul Dean in the 2nd inning was the game’s only run. Lon Warneke pitched a 2-hitter for the win.
75 years ago
The Canadian armed merchantman Prince Robert captured the German ship Weser off the Mexican coast.
The Detroit Tigers swept a doubleheader from the Chicago White Sox at Briggs Stadium in Detroit, 10-9 in 10 innings and 3-2. Bobo Newsom pitched 2 innings of relief to pick up his 20th win of the season in the first game, and pitched an 8-hit complete game to earn his 21st win in the second game.
The St. Louis Cardinals and Cincinnati Reds split a doubleheader before 1,898 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis, with the Reds winning the first game 5-0 and the Cardinals winning the second game 4-3. Harry Walker made his major league debut with the Cardinals in the first game, playing left field and batting 0 for 4; he was 1 for 4 with a run batted in in the second game. His teammate Walker Cooper made his major league debut in the second game, catching and batting 1 for 2 with an RBI.
60 years ago
The Royal Jordanian Air Force was founded.
Kitchener-Waterloo (5-1) 21 @ Toronto (0-6) 11
Billy Tonegusso scored 2 touchdowns and Cookie Gilchrist added a touchdown and a field goal as the Dutchmen defeated Balmy Beach. Bill Graham converted all three K-W TDs. Bernie Richardson and Johnny Bell scored Toronto touchdowns, with Bob Smith adding a convert.
50 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Help!/I'm Down--The Beatles (7th week at #1)
#1 single in France: Mes Mains Sur Tes Hanches--Salvatore Adamo (5th week at #1)
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Il mondo--Jimmy Fontana (10th week at #1)
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Il Silenzio--Nini Rosso (12th week at #1)
#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): (I Can't Get No) Satisfaction--The Rolling Stones (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Tears--Ken Dodd
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Eve of Destruction--Barry McGuire
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Eve of Destruction--Barry McGuire
2 You were on My Mind--We Five
3 Like a Rolling Stone--Bob Dylan
4 Hang on Sloopy--The McCoys
5 Help!--The Beatles
6 The "In" Crowd--The Ramsey Lewis Trio
7 Catch Us if You Can--The Dave Clark Five
8 It Ain't Me Babe--The Turtles
9 I Got You Babe--Sonny and Cher
10 Unchained Melody--The Righteous Brothers
Singles entering the chart were Positively 4th Street by Bob Dylan (#73); Everybody Loves a Clown by Gary Lewis and the Playboys (#74); Not the Lovin' Kind by Dino, Desi and Billy (#85); Secretly by the Lettermen (#87); How Nice it Is by Billy Stewart (#90); Take Me in Your Arms (Rock Me a Little While) by Kim Weston (#97); Roses and Rainbows by Danny Hutton (#99); and Road Runner by the Gants (#100).
On television today
The Beatles, on ABC
Today's episode: A Hard Day's Night/I Want to Hold Your Hand
This was the first episode of a cartoon series that was broadcast on Saturday mornings. It began running in Canada on CTV in January 1966.
Juan D. Bosch returned to the Dominican Republic, demanding a $1 billion indemnity from the United States for the revolt five months earlier that had forced him out of office as President.
Politics and government
The Greek parliament approved Stephanos Stephanopoulos as Prime Minister, the third person to hold the position since July 15.
Edmonton (3-7) 1 @ Ottawa (6-2) 40
British Columbia (4-4-1) 7 @ Calgary (7-3) 21
The Rough Riders made 5 interceptions against quarterbacks Randy Kerbow and Don Getty as they routed the Eskimos before 15,360 fans at Lansdowne Park. The regular Edmonton quarterback, Bill Redell, was out with an injury, so Mr. Kerbow moved from his regular flanker position to play quarterback, while Mr. Getty came out of a two-year retirement to help the team. Mr. Kerbow punted for the Eskimos' only point.
Larry Robinson kicked 9 points to pass Earl Lunsford and become the Stampeders' career scoring leader with 343 points as they beat the Lions before 19,000 fans at McMahon Stadium. It was 72 F. and sunny at 4 P.M., but by the time of the game several hours later, the temperature had dropped to 28 F., and it was snowing.
The Milwaukee Braves traded infielders Ernie Bowman and Lou Klimchock to the New York Mets to complete the August 5, 1965 deal in which they had acquired outfielder Billy Cowan for two players to be named later. Messrs. Bowman and Klimchock were in the minor leagues at the time; Mr. Klimchock had played in 34 games with the Braves early in the season, batting .077 with no home runs and 3 runs batted in.
Satchel Paige, 59, became the oldest player in major league history when he started on the mound for the Kansas City Athletics against the Boston Red Sox before 9,289 fans at Municipal Stadium in Kansas City. Mr. Paige allowed just a double by Carl Yastrzemski but no runs in 3 innings, and left with the Athletics leading 1-0. The Red Sox came back to win 5-2, helped by home runs by Lee Thomas and Tony Conigliaro.
The Minnesota Twins clinched at least a tie for the American League pennant when they swept a doubleheader from the Washington Senators 5-0 and 5-3 before 9,373 fans at District of Columbia Stadium. Mudcatt Grant pitched a 1-hitter in the first game, allowing only a double by Don Blasingame in the 3rd inning, as he improved his record for the season to 20-6. The Twins scored 3 runs in the 8th inning to win the second game.
Tommy John pitched a 6-hitter and hit his first major league home run as the Chicago White Sox defeated the New York Yankees 3-1 in the first game of a doubleheader before 19,331 fans at Yankee Stadium. Floyd Robinson also homered for Chicago. The White Sox completed the sweep with a 2-0 win in the second game, scoring 2 runs on just 3 hits against Mel Stottlemyre and Hal Reniff. Gary Peters allowed 4 hits in 6 2/3 innings to get the win, and drove in the second run with a sacrifice fly.
Ray Culp pitched a 4-hitter as the Philadelphia Phillies beat the New York Mets 4-1 in the first game of a doubleheader before 6,825 fans at Connie Mack Stadium in Philadelphia. The Mets won the second game 4-1 as Carlton Willey pitched a 7-hitter for his only win of the season, in the 199th and last game of his 8-year major league career.
Jim Maloney pitched a 2-hitter to improve his 1965 record to 20-8 as the Cincinnati Reds edged the Houston Astros 1-0 before 24,443 fans at the Astrodome. The Reds scored the game's only run in the top of the 6th inning when Pete Rose singled off Dave Giusti with 2 out and scored on a triple by Vada Pinson. Robin Roberts started on the mound for Houston and allowed just 3 hits in 5 innings before being relieved by Mr. Giusti.
Sandy Koufax pitched a 5-hitter and struck out 12 to improve his recrd for the season to 24-8 as the Los Angeles Dodgers blanked the St. Louis Cardinals 2-0 before 31,532 fans at Dodger Stadium. Losing pitcher Nelson Briles allowed 6 hits and 1 run--earned--in 7 innings.
40 years ago
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Moonlighting--Leo Sayer
30 years ago
Mike Greenwell’s first major league home run gave the Boston Red Sox a 4-2 win over the Toronto Blue Jays in 13 innings before 30,542 fans at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto.
Don Mattingly batted 3 for 5 with a double, home run, 3 runs, and 4 runs batted in as the New York Yankees beat the Detroit Tigers 10-2 before 17,010 fans at Yankee Stadium. Joe Niekro allowed 4 hits and 4 bases on balls, but just 1 run--earned--in 5 innings to get his first win as a Yankee.
The Cleveland Indians scored 2 runs in the 1st inning and 4 in the 2nd as they beat the Oakland Athletics 7-2 before 6,158 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Keith Creel allowed 7 hits and 2 earned runs in 6 2/3 innings to get his first win of the season, while losing pitcher Tommy John allowed 7 hits and 6 runs--all earned--in 1+ innings as his record for the season dropped to 4-10.
25 years ago
South African President F.W. de Klerk continued his visit to Washington, telling several members of the United States Congress that he supported the principle of one man, one vote in elections, but that it must include guarantees to protect the white minority population of South Africa.
The first 8 New York Yankee batters hit safely, and the team hit 6 home runs as they routed the Baltimore Orioles 15-3 before 17,548 fans at Yankee Stadium.
Dave Stewart pitched a shutout and improved his 1990 record to 22-10 as the Oakland Athletics blanked the Kansas City Royals 5-0 before 22,145 fans at Royals Stadium to clinch the American League West Division pennant for the third straight year.
20 years ago
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Extres--EX-3 (2nd week at #1)
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Until I Hear it from You--Gin Blossoms
2 Only Wanna Be with You--Hootie & the Blowfish
3 I Wish You Well--Tom Cochrane
4 Walk in the Sun--Bruce Hornsby
5 Roll to Me--Del Amitri
6 Not Enough--Van Halen
7 Kiss from a Rose--Seal
8 Saviour--Colin James
9 A Higher Place--Tom Petty
10 You Oughta Know--Alanis Morisette
Singles entering the chart were Back for Good by Take That (#88); Show Me by Zappacosta (#90); As I Lay Me Down by Sophie B. Hawkins (#92); Scared by the Tragically Hip (#93); God's Mistake by Tears for Fears (#95); Do You Sleep? by Lisa Loeb and Nine Stories (#96); Crazy Cool by Paula Abdul (#98); Let it Rain by Amanda Marshall (#99); and Mexico by Jimmy Buffett (#100).
10 years ago
Died on this date
Urie Bronfenbrenner, 88. Russian-born U.S. psychologist. Dr. Bronfenbrenner was a developmental psychologist known for advocating an ecological systems theory of child development, whereby the process of development is shaped by the child's interaction with the environment. In the mid-1960s, Dr. Bronfenbrenner contributed to the Head Start program, the U.S. government's attempt to assist with the education of poor children.
Don Adams, 82. U.S. actor. Mr. Adams, born Donald Yarmy, was best known for his starring role as Maxwell Smart in the television comedy series Get Smart (1965-1970) and as the voice of the cartoon characters Tennessee Tuxedo (1963-1966) and Inspector Gadget (1983-1985).
M. Scott Peck, 69. U.S. psychiatrist. Dr. Peck was best known for his books The Road Less Traveled: A New Psychology of Love, Traditional Values and Spiritual Growth (1978) and People of the Lie: The Hope For Healing Human Evil (1983). His books emphasized the importance of discipline and delayed gratification, and discussed the existence of evil. Dr. Peck claimed to be a Christian, but his life, with extramarital affairs and allegations of drug abuse and alcoholism, makes that a questionable claim.
George Archer, 65. U.S. golfer. Mr. Archer, known as one of the game's best putters, won 13 PGA tournaments, most notably the Masters in 1969. He died of cancer six days before his 66th birthday.
Winnipeg (4-10) 23 @ Montreal (6-6) 42
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