Tuesday, 8 September 2015

September 8, 2015

450 years ago

The Knights of Malta lifted the Turkish siege of Malta that had begun on May 18, 1565.

260 years ago

British troops and Mohawk Indians commanded by Sir William Johnson won a strategic victory over French, Canadien, and Indian troops led by Baron de Dieskau in the Battle of Lake George in New York.

240 years ago

Nova Scotia was struck by the "Hurricane of Independence," which had started a week earlier in the West Indies. An estimated 4,170 people from North Carolina northward died in the storm.

100 years ago

The Zimmerwald Conference concluded in Zimmerwald, Switzerland. The conferees were socialists and anti-militarists from countries that were originally neutral during World War I.

80 years ago

Died on this date
Carl Weiss, 28
. U.S. physician. Dr. Weiss, a physician whose father-in-law was a judge who had reportedly been gerrymandered out of his electoral district because of his opposition to U.S. Senator and former Louisiana Governor Huey Long, went to the Louisiana state Capitol building in Baton Rouge and accosted Sen. Long. Dr. Weiss had a gun in his coat, and shots were fired, most of them by Mr. Long's bodyguards, with 32 bullets going into or through Dr. Weiss. One of the bullets struck Mr. Long, and he was taken to hospital, where he died two days later. In the early 1990s the NBC television documentary program Unsolved Mysteries ran a segment on the incident, and the evidence indicated that the bullet that mortally wounded Mr. Long had been fired by one of his bodyguards, not by Dr. Weiss.

75 years ago

The Baltimore Elite Giants shut out the New York Cubans 3-0 in New York to win the Ruppert Memorial Cup, symbolic of supremacy in the Negro National League.

Johnny Mize hit his 38th, 39th, and 40th home runs of the season in consecutive at bats, but it wasn’t enough, as the St. Louis Cardinals were outslugged by the Pittsburgh Pirates 16-14 in the first game of a doubleheader before 10,718 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Bill DeLancey finished the game at catcher for the Cardinals; it was the 219th and last game of his 4-year major league career. The Pirates completed the sweep with a 5-4 win in a game that was called because of darkness after 5 innings.

Joe Gordon hit for the cycle as the New York Yankees beat the Boston Red Sox 9-4 before 33,800 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Spud Chandler was the winning pitcher, allowing 8 hits and 3 earned runs in a complete game.

70 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): On the Atchison, Topeka and the Santa Fe--Johnny Mercer and the Pied Pipers (7th week at #1)

World events
United States troops arrived to partition the southern part of Korea in response to Soviet troops occupying the northern part of the peninsula a month earlier.

Politics and government
Nova Scotia Premier Angus L. Macdonald led his Liberal party to another victory in the provincial election as they captured 28 of 30 seats in the Nova Scotia legislature and 52.7% of the vote. The Co-operative Commonwealth Federation, led by Donald MacDonald, won the other two seats and 13.6% of the vote, while the Progressive Conservatives, led by Frederick Blois, were shut out, despite taking 33.5% of the vote. Going into the election, the Liberals held 22 seats, the PCs 5, and CCF 3.

60 years ago

Floyd Patterson (24-1) scored a technical knockout of Alvin Williams (49-12-6) at 2:28 of the 8th round of a heavyweight bout in Moncton, New Brunswick.

50 years ago

Died on this date
Hermann Staudinger, 84
. German chemist. Dr. Staudinger was awarded the 1953 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for his discoveries in the field of macromolecular chemistry."

Dorothy Dandridge, 42. U.S. actress and singer. Miss Dandridge sang on her own and with her sisters and had minor acting roles in the 1930s and '40s, but was best known for her starring role in the movie Carmen Jones (1954), for which she became the first Negro woman to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress. She was later hurt by bad career advice and mismanagement of her finances by those entrusted with them. Miss Dandridge was performing as a nightclub singer when she died either as a result of an accidental overdose of an antidepressant, or from a rare kind of embolism resulting from an injury suffered several days earlier.

The Beach Boys began recording the album Beach Boys' Party! at Western Recording Studios in Hollywood, California.

The Pakistani Navy raided Indian coasts without any resistance in Operation Dwarka.

Bert Campaneris became the first major league player to play all nine positions in a single game, accomplishing the feat with the Kansas City Athletics in a 13-inning 5-3 loss to the California Angels before 21,576 fans at Municipal Stadium in Kansas City. Mr. Campaneris played a different position each inning, beginning at his usual shortstop position and then moving to second base; third base; left field; center field; right field; first base; pitcher; and catcher. He batted 0 for 3 with a base on balls, a stolen base, and a run, while making 5 putouts, 1 assist, and an error while playing right field. As a pitcher, Mr. Campaneris allowed a run on 2 hits and a base on balls in the 8th inning; while playing catcher in the 9th, he was injured in a collision at home plate while making a putout to end the inning, and was forced to leave the game. The Angels took an advantage of an error by relief pitcher John O'Donoghue to score 2 runs in the top of the 13th to win the game. Mr. O'Donoghue, the seventh of eight Kansas City pitchers, took the loss, dropping his 1965 record to 8-18. Another oddity in the game was that Lu Clinton, claimed by the Athletics from the Angels on waivers that day, started in left field, playing the first 3 innings for Kansas City and grounding out in his only plate appearance. The Athletics' waiver claim was disallowed the next day, and Mr. Clinton was then claimed on waivers from the Angels by the Cleveland Indians. Randy Schwartz played the first 6 innings at first base for Kansas City, striking out in both plate appearances and making 3 putouts and 1 assist in his major league debut.

Pinch hitter Roy White singled to lead off the bottom of the 9th inning and scored on a single by Elston Howard to end the game as the New York Yankees edged the Washington Senators 6-5 before 7,156 fans at Yankee Stadium. Bobby Murcer made his major league debut, playing shortstop with the Yankees and batting 0 for 4, while making 1 putout and 4 assists.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Fox on the Run--Sweet (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Romance--Hiromi Iwasaki (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Melina--Camilo Sesto (3rd week at #1)

On television tonight
Phyllis, on CBS

Tonight's episode: Pilot

Phyllis, like Rhoda, which had begun its run a year earlier, was a spinoff from The Mary Tyler Moore Show.

Horse racing
In Atlantic City New Jersey, Herve Filion drove his 5,312th career harness racing victory; the Canadian driver now had the most wins in the world, edging out Germany's Hans Fromming.

Baltimore (2-3) 26 @ Houston (2-3) 21

Pat Scanlon singled home Pepe Mangual with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Montreal Expos a 6-5 win over the New York Mets in the first game of a doubleheader before 10,208 fans at Jarry Park in Montreal. Chip Lang started on the mound for Montreal, allowing 2 hits, 2 bases on balls, and 2 runs--both earned--in 1 2/3 innings in his major league debut. Montreal center fielder Jerry White led off the 1st inning with his first major league home run. Don Carrithers pitched an 8-hit complete game victory as the Expos won the second game 6-1 to complete the sweep.

30 years ago

#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Into the Groove--Madonna (5th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Tarzan Boy--Baltimora

#1 single in Switzerland: We Don't Need Another Hero (Thunderdome)--Tina Turner (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
John Franklin Enders, 88
. U.S. virologist. Dr. Enders shared the 1954 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Frederick Robbins and Thomas Weller "for their discovery of the ability of poliomyelitis viruses to grow in cultures of various types of tissue." Dr. Enders has been called the "Father of Modern Vaccines."

Ivan Lendl of Czechoslovakia defeated John McEnroe of the United States 7-6, 6-3, 6-4 to win the men's singles title at the U.S. Open championships in New York.

Saskatchewan (4-5) 12 @ Montreal (6-3) 33
Hamilton (2-7) 17 @ Edmonton (5-4) 27

Turner Gill completed 30 of 42 passes for 401 yards and a touchdown pass to Nick Arakgi to lead the Concordes to victory before an Olympic Stadium crowd of 19,289. Tony Johns scored twice on 1-yard rushes, and Roy Kurtz added 3 converts and 4 field goals for Montreal. Craig Ellis scored the Roughriders’ only touchdown late in the 3rd quarter on a 15-yard rush, and Joe Paopao completed a pass to Denny Ferdinand for a 2-point convert.

With the Eskimos leading 20-17 in the 4th quarter, quarterback Matt Dunigan drove the team 95 yards in 10 plays and rushed 9 yards for a touchdown with 1:52 remaining to put the game out of reach. Mr. Dunigan completed 13 of 24 passes for 169 yards--including a 35-yard touchdown to Larry Cowan in the 1st quarter--and rushed 15 times for 76 yards. Larry Wruck, playing in his ninth CFL game, scored the Eskimos’ first touchdown, and the only one of his 12-year career, when he recovered a fumble by punt returner Paul Bennett and ran 11 yards for the score. Tom Dixon added 3 converts and 2 field goals. Hamilton quarterback Ken Hobart completed 25 of 46 passes for 335 yards and touchdowns to Ron Ingram and Steve Stapler, and rushed 9 times for 81 yards. 39,144 fans at Commonwealth Stadium saw Walt Bowyer play his only CFL game as a defensive end for the Eskimos. Brian Fryer, who had played 3 games for the Ottawa Rough Riders earlier in the year after spending 7 years with the Eskimos, was back in an Edmonton uniform, replacing injured slotback Rick House on the roster. Rookie Eskimo linebacker John Dailey suffered a career-ending knee injury. Tom Porras dressed as the backup quarterback to Mr. Hobart for Hamilton, beginning a 7-year CFL career.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Epic--Faith No More (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Odoru Pompokolin--B.B. Queens (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Sotto Questo Sole--Francesco Baccini; Ladri di Biciclette (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): It's on You--MC Sar and the Real McCoy

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): U Can't Touch This--MC Hammer (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Soca Dance--Charles D. Lewis (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): I've Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Itsy Bitsy Teenie Weenie Yellow Polka Dot Bikini--Bombalurina (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Blaze of Glory--Jon Bon Jovi

U.S. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Blaze of Glory--Jon Bon Jovi
2 If Wishes Came True--Sweet Sensation
3 Release Me--Wilson Phillips
4 Have You Seen Her--M.C. Hammer
5 Do Me!--Bell Biv DeVoe
6 Unskinny Bop--Poison
7 Thieves in the Temple--Prince
8 Tonight--New Kids on the Block
9 (Can’t Live Without Your) Love and Affection--Nelson
10 Come Back to Me--Janet Jackson

Singles entering the chart were Black Cat by Janet Jackson (#50); Suicide Blonde by INXS (#57); Feels Good by Tony! Toni! Tone! (#60); Cherry Pie by Warrant (#66); L.A. Woman by Billy Idol (#73); Ice Ice Baby by Vanilla Ice (#77); and Knockin' Boots by Candyman (#85).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Vision of Love--Mariah Carey (3rd week at #1)
2 Release Me--Wilson Phillips
3 Come Back to Me--Janet Jackson
4 Across the River--Bruce Hornsby
5 Unskinny Bop--Poison
6 All the Lovers in the World--Gowan
7 Blaze of Glory--Jon Bon Jovi
8 Oh Girl--Paul Young
9 King of Wishful Thinking--Go West
10 Joey--Concrete Blonde

Singles entering the chart were Inside My Heart by the Box (#78); Rhythm of Love by Oleta Adams (#79); Do Me! by Bell Biv DeVoe (#90); Smoke by Crash Vegas (#91); Romeo by Dino (#92); Free by Burton Cummings (#95); Suicide Blonde by INXS (#97); Violence of Summer (Love’s Taking Over) by Duran Duran (#99); and Caroline by Concrete Blonde (#100).

Died on this date
Joe Gleason, 95
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Gleason appeared in 3 games with the Washington Nationals in 1920 and 8 games in 1922, posting a 2-3 record with an earned run average of 6.10. He pitched in various minor leagues from 1914-1931.

20 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Boom Boom Boom--The Outhere Brothers (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Det vackraste--Cecilia Vennersten (6th week at #1)

Negotiators for both Israel and the Palestinian Authority said that the question of protecting Israeli settlers in Hebron had stalled the peace process.

Calgary (10-1) 33 @ Edmonton (7-5) 17

Jeff Garcia handed off to Shawn Daniels for a touchdown and completed a pass to Terry Vaughn for another to lead the Stampeders over the Eskimos before 49,434 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Defensive end DeWayne Patterson scored the other Calgary touchdown on a 2-yard return of a fumble by Edmonton quarterback Chris Vargas. Eric Blount scored the first Edmonton touchdown on a 5-yard pass from Mr. Vargas in the 4th quarter, and defensive back Singor Mobley returned a fumble 72 yards for the Eskimos' other TD in the last minute of the game.

10 years ago

Two Russian EMERCOM Il-76 aircraft landed at a disaster aid staging area at Little Rock Air Force Base, Arkansas. It was the first time that Russia had flown such a mission to North America.

British Columbia (10-0) 61 @ Ottawa (5-6) 27

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