850 years ago
Died on this date
Nijō, 22. Emperor of Japan, 1158-1165. Nijō, born Morihito-shinnō, succeeded his father Emperor Go-Shirakawa. Emperor Nijō fell seriously ill, and died a month after abdicating the throne. He was succeeded by his son Emperor Rokujō.
110 years ago
The Treaty of Portsmouth, mediated by U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt, was signed at the Portsmouth Naval Shipyard in Kittery, Maine, ending the Russo-Japanese War.
100 years ago
The Zimmerwald Conference opened in Zimmerwald, Switzerland. The conferees were socialists and anti-militarists from countries that were originally neutral during World War I.
80 years ago
Terry Moore batted 6 for 6 with a double as the St. Louis Cardinals beat the Boston Braves 15-3 at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis in a game that was completed in 1 hour 43 minutes. Leo Durocher had a single, double, and triple, scoring 3 runs and driving in 4.
70 years ago
Cipher clerk Igor Gouzenko defected from the U.S.S.R.'s Canadian embassy in Ottawa with more than 100 secret documents under his coat, detailing the workings of a major Soviet spy ring in Canada, with tentacles reaching into the Department of External Affairs code room, the British High Commissioner's Office and the Chalk River, Oontario nuclear facility. The defection of Mr. Gouzenko is often cited as the beginning of the Cold War.
Iva Toguri D'Aquino, a Japanese-American suspected of being wartime Japanese radio propagandist Tokyo Rose, was arrested in Yokohama.
Canada's first nuclear reactor, ZEEP--the Zero Energy Experimental Pile--went into operation at Chalk River, Ontario.
Economics and finance
Quebec Premier Maurice Duplessis announced that his Union Nationale government was bringing in provincial family allowances.
60 years ago
Montreal (1-1) 16 @ Ottawa (1-1) 19
Toronto (1-1) 12 @ Hamilton (1-1) 37
British Columbia (3-2) 24 @ Saskatchewan (3-2) 23
Winnipeg (0-5) 9 @ Calgary (2-3) 12
Toronto (0-1) 12 @ Sarnia (2-1) 37
Tom Tracy rushed 75 yards for a touchdown, and Bob Simpson and Don Pinhey also scored touchdowns for the Rough Riders as they defeated the Alouettes before 16,000 fans at Lansdowne Park for their first win under head coach Chan Caldwell. Hal Patterson scored 2 Montreal touchdowns and Joey Pal scored the other.
Bucky McElroy scored 3 touchdowns as the Tiger-Cats beat the Argonauts before 18,628 fans at Civic Stadium. Toronto quarterback Tom Dublinski completed 27 of 47 passes, setting IRFU records in both categories.
Ken Carpenter scored 3 touchdowns, but it wasn't enough for the Roughriders as they were edged by the Lions before 16,052 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. Vic Chapman's punt single in the 4th quarter provided the winning margin. Ken Swalwell scored a B.C. touchdown earlier in the 4th quarter when Harry Lunn fumbled a punt, and Mr. Swalwell recovered in the Saskatchewan end zone.
Willie Roberts and Don Klosterman scored touchdowns for the Stampeders in the 4th quarter as they edged the Blue Bombers at Mewata Stadium. Quarterback Buddy Leake accounted for all the Winnipeg scoring with a touchdown, convert, and field goal.
Corky Duchene scored 2 of Sarnia's 6 touchdowns as the Imperials beat Balmy Beach at Norm Perry Park. Bill Graham, Ross Dowswell, Eric McKeever, and Dick Dixon scored the other Sarnia TDs. Sarnia quarterback Gino Cappelletti added 3 converts and a single. Johnny Bell and Harvey Singleton scored Toronto touchdowns, both converted by Billy Bass.
50 years ago
Toronto (0-5) 21 @ Ottawa (4-1) 41
Jim Dillard scored 2 touchdowns and Bo Scott rushed 95 yards for a touchdown as the Rough Riders beat the Argonauts before 17,303 fans at Lansdowne Park. Whit Tucker caught a touchdown pass from Russ Jackson, while Don Gilbert and Bob O'Billovich added the other Ottawa TDs.
40 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand: Paloma Blanca--George Baker Selection (4th week at #1)
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Paloma Blanca--George Baker Selection (13th week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: Torneró--I Santo California
Died on this date
Barbara Belford, 22. Canadian murder victim. Miss Belford grew up in Grande Prairie, Alberta. She was working as a nurse's aide in Edmonton when she decided to hitchhike from Edmonton to Grande Prairie. Miss Belford was seen at Centennial Mall in Edmonton getting into a red car driven by a young man, and was never seen alive again. Her body was found in Winterburn, just outside Edmonton; she had been raped and stabbed to death.
Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme, a former member of mass-murderer Charles Manson's "family," attempted to assassinate U.S. President Gerald Ford in Sacramento.
Two people were killed and 63 injured as a suspected Irish Republican Army bomb exploded in the lobby of the Hilton Hotel in central London.
30 years ago
Canada's top 30
1 We Don't Need Another Hero (Thunderdome)--Tina Turner
2 Summer of '69--Bryan Adams
3 The Power of Love--Huey Lewis and the News
4 St. Elmo's Fire (Man in Motion)--John Parr
5 You're Only Human--Billy Joel
6 Crying Over You--Platinum Blonde
7 Head Over Heels--Tears for Fears
8 Freeway of Love--Aretha Franklin
9 Money for Nothing--Dire Straits
10 Don't Lose My Number--Phil Collins
11 Invincible--Phil Collins
12 Cry--Godley and Creme
13 Never Surrender--Corey Hart
14 People are People--Depeche Mode
15 Dress You Up--Madonna
16 Smokin' in the Boys Room--Motley Crue
17 Get it On (Bang a Gong)--Power Station
18 Hurts to Be in Love--Gino Vannelli
20 Lonely Ol' Night--John Cougar Mellencamp
21 Boy in the Box--Corey Hart
22 Mona with the Children--Doug Cameron
23 You Give Good Love--Whitney Houston
24 There Must be an Angel (Playing with My Heart)--Eurythmics
25 Pop Life--Prince
27 Life in One Day--Howard Jones
28 Cherish--Kool & The Gang
29 Take on Me--A-Ha
30 Who's Holding Donna Now?--DeBarge
At the movies
My American Cousin, directed by Sandy Wilson and starring Margaret Langrick, John Wildman, and Richard Donat, received its premiere screening.
25 years ago
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): U Can't Touch This--MC Hammer (2nd week at #1)
Sri Lankan Army soldiers slaughtered 158 Tamil civilians who had taken refuge at the campus of Eastern University near the city of Batticalo.
The Mercier Bridge through the Kanawake reserve in Quebec reopened after a 55-day standoff between Mohawk Indians and Quebec police.
Donald Cormie was charged in Calgary by the Alberta Securities Commission with stock manipulation for driving up shares in Matrix Investments Ltd., controlled by his Principal Group.
Economics and finance
The Soviet government newspaper Isvestia published details of the "Shatalin plan," named after Stanislav Shatalin, an aide to Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev. The plan, on which Mr. Gorbachev and Russian President Boris Yeltsin had been working, was based on the 500-day plan already adopted by the Russian Republic. It would dismantle most central economic planning and stress private property and economic freedom.
20 years ago
Died on this date
Jean-Luc Pépin, 70. Canadian politician. Mr. Pépin, a Liberal, sat in the House of Commons from 1963-1972 and 1979-1984, and held numerous cabinet posts in the governments of Prime Ministers Lester Pearson and Pierre Trudeau from 1965-1972 and 1980-1984.
10 years ago
Edmonton (7-3) 25 @ Calgary (4-6) 23
Toronto (6-4) 30 @ Hamilton (2-8) 33
Cedric Scott sacked quarterback Henry Burris on a 2-point convert attempt with 41 seconds remaining in regulation time to enable the Eskimos to escape with a win over the Stampeders before 35,652 fans at McMahon Stadium. Ricky Ray completed a 15-yard touchdown pass to Trevor Gaylor in the 2nd quarter, and Mike Bradley recovered a blocked punt in the calgary end zone for another Edmonton TD, as the Eskimos took a 20-1 halftime lead, extending it to 25-1 in the 3rd quarter. Mr. Burris and the Stampeders then mounted a furious comeback: Mr. Burris rushed 1 yard for a touchdown in the 3rd quarter and completed a 61-yard TD pass to Brett Ralph in the 4th quarter, both converted by Sandro DeAngelis. Mr. Burris rushed 1 yard for his second touchdown of the game with 41 seconds left, but Mr. Scott prevented him from passing to the end zone for the 2-point convert that would have tied the game.
Damnation Island: The mad, disturbing horrors of 19th century institutions for the ‘undesirable’ - Little remains on Roosevelt Island today to remind us of its ghastly, unspeakable past, of the terrible days when it The post Damnation Island: The mad, ...
22 hours ago