Wednesday, 16 January 2019

January 15, 2019

1,950 years ago
69


Politics and government
Otho seized power in Rome, proclaiming himself Emperor of Rome. He ruled for only three months before committing suicide.

460 years ago
1559

Britannica

Elizabeth I was crowned Queen of England at Westminster.

260 years ago
1759


Britannica
The British Museum opened in London.

175 years ago
1844


Academia
The University of Notre Dame received its charter from the state of Indiana.

150 years ago
1869


Born on this date
Ruby Laffoon
. U.S. politician. Mr. Laffoon, a Democrat and a nephew of U.S. Representative Polk Laffoon, was Governor of Kentucky from 1931-1935. He won a long battle to impose a sales tax to raise revenue during the Depression, but eventually lost an intra-party power struggle with Lieutenant Governor Happy Chandler. Mr. Laffoon died of a stroke on March 1, 1941 at the age of 72.

140 years ago
1879


Born on this date
Mazo de la Roche
. Canadian author and playwright. Miss de la Roche, a native of Newmarket, Ontario, was best known for the novel Jalna (1927) and 15 sequels and prequels through 1960. She died on July 12, 1961 at the age of 82.

130 years ago
1889


Business
The Coca-Cola Company, then known as the Pemberton Medicine Company, was incorporated in Atlanta.

110 years ago
1909


Born on this date
Jean Bugatti
. German-born French automotive engineer. Mr. Bugatti, the son of Automobiles E. Bugatti founder Ettore Bugatti, designed and tested cars for his father's company.
He was killed at the age of 30 on August 11, 1939; while taking a race car for a test drive, he crashed into a tree after striking a cyclist who had come onto the track through a hole in a fence.

Gene Krupa. U.S. musician. Mr. Krupa was a jazz drummer who performed with various bands and led his own band in a career spanning more than 40 years. He became famous in the 1930s while with Benny Goodman's band; his solo on Sing, Sing, Sing (1937) influenced the use of the drummer as a soloist. Mr. Krupa also pioneered the definition of the standard drum set. He had a couple of well-publicized convictions for marijuana possession in the 1940s--one of which resulted in exoneration after it was proved that he had been framed--and died after a long illness on October 16, 1973 at the age of 64.

Died on this date
Nick Mathewson, 22
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Mathewson, the younger brother of New York Giants' ace Christy Mathewson and former Giants' pitcher Hank Mathewson, was tutored by his brother in pitching, and was to have played with the Nashville Volunteers of the Southern Association in 1909. He was a student at Lafayette College, and had been ill at home in Scranton, Pennsylvania for about two weeks when he fatally shot himself in a neighbour's barn. It was thought that overstudy had caused his physical and then mental breakdown.

Agriculture
The Society of Equity and the Alberta Farmers' Association merged, becoming the United Farmers of Alberta.

100 years ago
1919


Died on this date
Rosa Luxemburg, 47
; Karl Liebknecht, 47. German political activists. Miss Luxemburg and Mr. Liebknecht were members of the Social Democratic Party (SPD), but split from the SPD and co-founded the Spartacist League and the Communist Party of Germany. They were executed by the Freikorps when the Spartacist uprising was crushed.

World events
Six days after the Spartacist uprising of Communist shock troops had occupied various German government buildings in Berlin, the uprising was crushed by government and Freikorps forces.

Disasters
A wave of molasses released from an exploding storage tank swept through Boston, killing 21 people and injuring 150.

80 years ago
1939


Football
NFL
All-Star Game @ Wrigley Field, Los Angeles
New York 13 All-Stars 10

15,000 fans saw the 1938 champion Giants defeat the All-Stars in the first annual NFL All-Star Game. The All-Stars were coached by Ray Flaherty of the Washington Redskins and Gus Henderson of the Detroit Lions.

75 years ago
1944


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Paper Doll--The Mills Brothers (Best Seller--11th week at #1); Shoo-Shoo Baby--The Andrews Sisters with Vic Schoen and his Orchestra (Jukebox--1st week at #1)

War
In a three-way drive on German lines before the Baltic states, Soviet troops opened a new offensive in the Leningrad and Lake Ilmen areas and near Nevel. U.S. troops in Italy took Mount Trecchio, the last mountain obstacle before Cassino.

Economics and finance
The U.S. War Production Board reported war expenditures for 1943 at $85.135 billion.

Puerto Rico completed its program of purchase of electric power utilities and became the first U.S. territory or state with public ownership in this field.

70 years ago
1949


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Buttons and Bows--Dinah Shore and the Happy Valley Boys; Gene Autry (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard) (Best Seller): Buttons and Bows--Dinah Shore and the Happy Valley Boys (10th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Buttons and Bows--Dinah Shore and the Happy Valley Boys (10th week at #1)
--The Dinning Sisters
--Betty Rhodes
2 On a Slow Boat to China--Kay Kyser Orchestra
--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--Benny Goodman and his Orchestra
--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra
--Art Lund
3 A Little Bird Told Me--Evelyn Knight and the Stardusters
--Blue Lu Barker
--Paula Watson
4 My Darling, My Darling--Jo Stafford and Gordon MacRae with the Starlighters
--Doris Day and Buddy Clark
5 Maybe You'll Be There--Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra
6 Until--Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra
7 Lavender Blue (Dilly Dilly)--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
--Dinah Shore
8 Twelfth Street Rag--Pee Wee Hunt and his Orchestra
9 Far Away Places--Margaret Whiting and the Crew Chiefs
--Bing Crosby
--Perry Como
10 You were Only Fooling (While I was Falling in Love)--Blue Barron and his Orchestra
--The Ink Spots
--Kay Starr

No new singles entered the chart.

On the radio
Tales of Fatima, starring Basil Rathbone, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Mystery at Mirador

Theatre
Harvey closed at the 48th Street Theatre on Broadway in New York after 1,775 performances since November 1, 1944.

War
Chinese Communist forces completed their conquest of the northern industrial city of Tientsin, leaving Peking and Taiyuan as the only cities north of the Yangtze River still in Nationalist hands.

Greek government forces drove guerrillas from the Macedonian town of Maoussa after a two-day battle.

The U.S. Army 24th Corps, the occupation force in South Korea since the Japanese surrender in 1945, was deactivated in Seoul.

Politics and government
Greek Prime Minister Themistocles Sophoulis resigned as a result of cabinet disputes over social reforms, military appointments, and composition of the governing coalition.

Aviation
Flight Officer J. A. F. Jolicouer piloted a North Star in the first non-stop trans-Canada flight, going from Vancouver to Halifax in 8 hours 32 minutes.

Hockey
NHL
Maurice "Rocket" Richard of the Montreal Canadiens scored his 200th career National Hockey League goal, in his 308th game.

60 years ago
1959


War
In a message to the French National Assembly and Senate, President Charles de Gaulle offered Algerian nationalist leaders assurances of safe conduct to Paris for negotiation of a cease-fire.

Diplomacy
Yugoslavian President Marshal Josip Broz Tito and Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru issued a joint communique reaffirming their countries' neutralist policies and appealing for an East-West agreement to end nuclear weapons tests "at an early date."

France formally recognized Guinea.

Politics and government
French Prime Minister Michel Debre officially presented his cabinet and policies to the opening session of the National Assembly and Senate.

50 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Ob-La-Di Ob-La-Da--The Marmalade (2nd week at #1)

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 White Room--Cream (3rd week at #1)
2 Going Up the Country--Canned Heat
3 Hey Jude/Revolution--The Beatles
4 Little Arrows--Leapy Lee
5 Love Child--Diana Ross and the Supremes
6 Chewy Chewy--Ohio Express
7 Eloise--Barry Ryan
8 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
9 Elenore/Surfer Dan--The Turtles
10 All Along the Watchtower--The Jimi Hendrix Experience

Singles entering the chart were Son-of-a Preacher Man by Dusty Springfield (#14); Lily the Pink by the Scaffold (#15); I Started a Joke/Kilburn Towers by the Bee Gees (#17); Try to Remember by New World (#19); The Girl Most Likely by Jeannie C. Riley (#27); I'm a Tiger by Lulu (#34); Only One Woman by the Marbles (#35); and I Want to Sing with Your Band by Petula Clark (#39).

Austria's top 10 (Ö3)
1 Little Arrows--Leapy Lee (5th week at #1)
2 Hey Jude--The Beatles
3 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
4 Es geht eine Träne auf Reisen--Adamo
5 Heidschi Bumbeidschi--Heintje
6 My Little Lady--The Tremeloes
7 Sometimes--Mireille Mathieu
8 Help Yourself--Tom Jones
9 Azzurro--Adriano Celentano
10 Eloise--Barry Ryan

Singles entering the chart were Sometimes; Eloise; A Minute of Your Time by Tom Jones (#12); Hip Hip Hooray by the Troggs (#14); Geh' Alte schau' mi net so teppert an by 3 Mecky's (#17); and Chewy Chewy by Ohio Express (#19).

Space
The U.S.S.R. launched Soyuz 5, with Boris Volyanov, Alexei Yeliseyev, and Yevgeni Khrunov aboard. Soyuz 4, with Vladimir Shatalov aboard, had been launched the previous day. The two spacecraft were scheduled to dock with each other and exchange crews.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Lyndon Johnson submitted to Congress a budget to Congress for fiscal 1970 that included a $3.5-billion cut in Vietnam war spending. Calling for a record outlay of $195.272 billion for the year, he estimated that record fiscal receipts of $198.686 billion would give a surplus of $3.414 billion, needed to relieve "the inflationary pressures in the economy and to reduce the strains that federal borrowing would place on financial markets and interest rates."

40 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Y.M.C.A.--Village People (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Chameleon Army--Pink Lady (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Tú--Umberto Tozzi (7th week at #1)

Austria's top 10 (Ö3)
1 Ballade pour Adelins--Richard Clayderman
2 Mexican Girl--Smokie
3 Mary's Boy Child/Oh My Lord--Boney M.
4 Was wir--Vader Abraham
5 Mama Leone--Bino
6 You're the Greatest Lover--Luv'
7 Lucky--Bernie Paul
8 Stumblin' In--Chris Norman & Suzi Quatro
9 Kiss You All Over--Exile
10 Summer Nights--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John

Singles entering the chart were Mary's Boy Child/Oh My Lord; The Devil Sent You to Lorado by Baccara (#11); Y.M.C.A. by Village People (#14); Down by the Water by Claudja Barry (#19); Bicycle Race by Queen (#21); Do Ya Think I'm Sexy? by Rod Stewart (#22); and Sandy by John Travolta (#25).

30 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): I'm Gonna Be (500 Miles)--The Proclaimers

#1 single in Switzerland: Bring Me Edelweiss--Edelweiss

Austria's top 10 (Ö3)
1 Don't Worry Be Happy--Bobby McFerrin
2 Bring Me Edelweiss--Edelweiss
3 Patrona Bavariae--Original Naabtal Duo
4 Stop!--Sam Brown
5 One Moment in Time--Whitney Houston
6 Tango Korrupti--Rainhard Fendrich
7 Hand in Hand--Koreana
8 A Groovy Kind of Love--Phil Collins
9 The Boxer--Rockip
10 Macho Macho--Rainhard Fendrich

Singles entering the chart were Never Trust a Stranger by Kim Wilde (#14); Two Hearts by Phil Collins (#18); Wee Rule by Wee Papa Girl Rappers (#20); First Time by Robin Beck (#23); and Christkind is in the House by XXX (#28).

Disasters
170 people were killed and 1,000 injured when a mail train and an express train carrying religious pilgrims collided head-on in Bangladesh.

25 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Boom! Shake the Room--DJ Jazzy Jeff & the Fresh Prince

#1 single in Italy: Penso Positivo--Jovanotti (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Saturday Night--Whigfield (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): All for Love--Bryan Adams, Rod Stewart and Sting (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That) (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Please Forgive Me--Bryan Adams

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Ik wil niet dat je liegt/Waarheen waarvoor--Paul de Leeuw

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Twist and Shout--Chaka Demus and the Pliers (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Hero--Mariah Carey (4th week at #1)
2 All for Love--Bryan Adams, Rod Stewart and Sting
3 All that She Wants--Ace of Base
4 Again--Janet Jackson
5 Breathe Again--Toni Braxton
6 Gangsta Lean--DRS
7 Said I Loved You...But I Lied--Michael Bolton
8 Whoomp! (There it Is)--Tag Team
9 Can We Talk--Tevin Campbell
10 What's My Name?--Snoop Dogg

Singles entering the chart were Choose by Color Me Badd (#49); Groove Thang by Zhane (#71); Stay by Eternal (#87); and (Lay Your Head on My) Pillow by Tony Toni Tone (#93).

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Cash Box): Again--Janet Jackson (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Canada (RPM): Please Forgive Me--Bryan Adams (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
Harry Nilsson, 52
. U.S. musician. Mr. Nilsson was a singer-songwriter whose two biggest hits as a performer were with songs written by others. Everybody's Talkin', a minor hit in Canada for Mr. Nilsson in 1968, was included in the soundtrack of the movie Midnight Cowboy (1969), and then reached #6 on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart in the fall of 1969 and earned Mr. Nilsson a Grammy Award. Mr. Nilsson's biggest hit, Without You, reached #1 on the Billboard Hot 100 in 1972, and earned him another Grammy Award. Among his compositions was One, which reached #3 on the Billboard Hot 100 in a version by Three Dog Night in 1969. Mr. Nilsson also wrote the songs for, and appeared in, the movie Skidoo (1968). He died of heart failure.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Bill Clinton visited Belarus, where he honoured the memory of more than one million people who had died at the hands of the Nazis during World War II. He also visited the mass grave of 200,000 victims of Soviet dictator Josef Stalin's purges of 1937-1941.

Chinese President Jiang Zemin told six visiting members of the U.S. House of Representatives that China would make an effort to improve its human rights record.

Figure skating
Elvis Stojko won his first Canadian men's championship, at the Edmonton Coliseum.

Hockey
NHL
Toronto 5 Winnipeg 1

Football
NFL
AFC Divisonal Playoff
Los Angeles Raiders 23 @ Buffalo 29

Jim Kelly's 22-yard touchdown pass to Bill Brooks with 12:05 remaining in regulation time proved to be the winning score as the Bills prevailed over the Raiders before 61,923 fans at Rich Stadium in Orchard Park, New York in 0 F. (-18 C) weather. Mr. Brooks scored on a 25-yard pass from Mr. Kelly in the 3rd quarter. There was no scoring in the 1st quarter, but the Raiders took a 17-13 halftime lead.

NFC Divisional Playoff
New York Giants 3 @ San Francisco 44

Ricky Watters rushed for 118 yards, caught 5 passes for 46 yards, and set a National Football League playoff record with 5 touchdowns as the 49ers routed the Giants before 67,143 fans at Candlestick Park.

20 years ago
1999


Died on this date
Betty Box, 83
. U.K. movie producer. Miss Box began her career working with her brother Sidney and sister-in-law Muriel in 1942, and eventually became a producer in her own right. Most of her early films were mysteries, but her most popular movies were the seven comedies in the Doctor series from 1954-1970.

10 years ago
2009


Energy
A large electricity blackout hit Toronto, affecting an estimated 250,000 people.

Disasters
U.S. Airways Flight 1549, an Airbus 320-214 en route from New York to Seattle-Tacoma via Charlotte, was disabled by a bird strike two minutes after takeoff from New York's LaGuardia Airport. Captain Chesley Sullenberger guided the jetliner to a safe landing in the Hudson River; all 155 people aboard survived.

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