Monday, 15 March 2021

March 15, 2021

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Walker Morrow!

710 years ago
1311

War
In the Battle of Halmyros, the Catalan Company defeated Walter V, Count of Brienne to take control of the Duchy of Athens, a Crusader state in Greece.

170 years ago
1851


Born on this date
John Sebastian Little
. U.S. politician. Mr. Little, a Democrat, represented Arkansas in the United States House of Representatives from 1894-1907. He took office as Governor of Arkansas on January 8, 1907, but suffered a nervous breakdown shortly thereafter, and was succeeded by interim Governor John Isaac Moore on February 15, 1907. Mr. Little never recovered, and died in the Arkansas State Hospital for Nervous Diseases on October 29, 1916 at the age of 65.

William Mitchell Ramsay. U.K. archaeologist. Sir William, a native of Glasgow, was educated in the Tübingen school of thought which doubted the accuracy of the New Testament. However, Sir William's work led him to write numerous works defending the accuracy of the New Testament. He He became the foremost authority of his day on the history of Asia Minor and Christianity in the erly Roman Empire. Sir William was elected as a founding fellow of the British Academy in 1902, and was knighted in 1906 for his contribution to scholarship. He died on April 20, 1939 at the age of 88.

Transportation
New Brunswick enacted a law to begin construction of the European and North American Railroad. The proposed route is to extend from the Nova Scotia border in Westmorland County, south, to Bangor and Portland Maine.

150 years ago
1871


Politics and government
Lieutenant Governor Adams Archibald opened the first meeting of the Manitoba Legislature in the house of A.G.B. Bannatyne in Winnipeg, since no public building is available; his ceremonial guard was provided by the Ontario Rifles. Elected members came from 12 English and 12 French electoral districts; an appointed legislative council and an appointed executive council advised the lieutenant governor.

110 years ago
1911


Labour
United Mine Workers began a six-month srike in the Crowsnest Pass area of British Columbia.

100 years ago
1921


Born on this date
Madelyn Pugh
. U.S. television writer. Miss Pugh and Bob Carroll, Jr. wrote about 500 radio programs and 400 television programs in a partnership spanning 50 years. They were primarily associated with Lucille Ball; they wrote for her radio series My Favorite Husband (1948-1951), and followed her into television, writing for I Love Lucy (1951-1957); The Lucille Ball-Desi Arnaz Show (1957-1960); The Lucy Show (1962-1968); Here's Lucy (1968-1974); and Life with Lucy (1986). The pair were nominated for three Emmy Awards for I Love Lucy, but never won. Miss Pugh died on April 20, 2011 at the age of 90.

Died on this date
Talaat Pasha, 46
. Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire, 1917-1918. Mehmed Talaat, commonly known as Talaat Pasha, was one of the leaders of the Young Turks, serving as Minister of the Interior (1913-1918) and Minister of Finance (1914-1917); in the former position, he initiated the genocide of Armenians in 1915. Talaat Pasha and Young Turk leader Enver Pasha fled the Ottoman Empire on the night of November 2-3, 1918, and were taken to Berlin aboard a German battleship. The Ottoman Military Tribunal sentenced Talaat Pasha to death in absentia for his role in the genocide; he was assassinated in Berlin by Soghomon Tehlirian, 23, as part of Operation Nemesis, a campaign by the Armenian Revolutionary Federation (Dashnaktsutyun) of revenge against perpetrators of the Armenian genocide. Talaat Pasha is regarded in Turkey as a founding father of the country.

90 years ago
1931


Disasters
The sealing ship SS Viking exploded off Newfoundland, killing 28 of the 147 men on board.

80 years ago
1941


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Song of the Volga Boatmen--Glenn Miller and his Orchestra

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Mike Love!
The lead singer of the Beach Boys and cousin of Beach Boys brothers Brian, Dennis, and Carl Wilson grew up in the Los Angeles suburb of Hawthorne, California. When Brian quit touring with the group late in 1964, it was Mr. Love's ability as a showman that helped the group maintain its popularity as a live act. He and Bruce Johnston remain the only "real" members still performing under the Beach Boys' name. In addition to singing lead on the fast songs, Mr. Love plays saxophone, although his playing rarely made it to record (the honking break on Shut Down is the best-known example. For a rare example of an extended sax solo by Mike Love, look for the Beach Boys' version of the Ray Charles hit What'd I Say, which was recorded during a live appearance in Sydney in January 1964. It was released as a track on the album Beach Boys/Brian Wilson Rarities, released on Capitol Records in Australia in 1981.

War
Greek Chief of Staff Field Marshal Alexander Papagos proclaimed that his troops had smashed the Italian spring offensive in Albania tha had begun seven days earlier.

Defense
The Ankara newspaper Aksam said that Turkey would adhere firmly to her military alliance with the United Kingdom. Turkish President Ismet Inonu informed Germany that Turkey had no territorial ambitions, but was determined to maintain her independence and integrity. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt said in a radio address that aid to the Allies would be increased until total victory had been won. Brazilian Foreign Minister Oswaldo Aranha said that in defense of American territorial integrity, Brazil stood firm in her obligations assumed with other American republics.

Journalism
United Press Berlin reporter Richard C. Hotelet was arrested by the Gestapo on "suspicion of espionage."

Law
U.S. Attorney General Robert H. Jackson said that 8,091 warrants of deportation had been issued against aliens, but 6,249 of them could not be executed because of the European war.

Transportation
Philippine Airlines, the flag carrier of the Philippines made its first flight between Manila (from Nielson Field) to Baguio City with a Beechcraft Model 18, making the airline the first and oldest commercial airline in Asia operating under its original name.

Business
The government of Bolivia refused to consider the claims of Standard Oil Company (New Jersey) for properties confiscated in 1937.

75 years ago
1946


War
U.S. military authorities in Berlin captured Mildred Gillars of Portland, Maine, who had made radio propaganda broadcasts under the name "Midge at the Mike" aimed at the Allies during World War II. Miss Gillars was better known as "Axis Sally."

Diplomacy
Iranian Prime Minister Ahmad Ghavam Salataneh announced that he would appeal to the United Nations Security Council against the U.S.S.R.'s continued occupation of Iran.

General J.M. Bevans of the U.S. military government in Germany said that American soldiers were forbidden to marry Germans because the latter were "still our enemies."

Defense
Speaking in New York, former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill denied that he had proposed a military alliance in his March 5 "Iron Curtain" speech, but reiterated his plea for an Anglo-American "fraternal association."

Politics and government
Dr. Jose Tamborini conceded the Argentine presidential election to Juan Peron.

Economics and finance
The U.S. House of Representatives voted to extend until March 31, 1947 the second War Powers Act, which gave the President authority over rationing and production priorities.

The Supreme Soviet adopted a new five-year plan designed to increase production 50% over the pre-World War II level, and voted to change the administrative title "Commissar" to "Minister."

Energy
The U.S. Senate Atomic Energy Committee voted for a nine-man advisory board with military participation to assist the civilian control commission.

Disasters
A series of earthquakes shook southern California from the San Joaquin Valley to Mexico, damaging the Los Angeles aqueduct.

70 years ago
1951


War
U.S. President Harry Truman said that Commander-in-Chief of the United Nations Command General Douglas MacArthur had the right to make tactical decisions on crossing the 38th Parallel in Korea. Gen. MacArthur denied in a press statement that the 38th Parallel had any geographical features which permitted the creation of a stable defensive line along it.

Diplomacy
U.S., U.K., U.S.S.R., and French representatives meeting in Paris clashed over West German rearmament, which the Soviets described as a violation of the 1945 Potsdam agreement.

Defense
West German representatives told a Paris conference on the formation of the Atlantic pact defense force that German units should have 10,000-12,000 men each in order to be effective.

Politics and government
Argentine President Juan Peron called a special session of Congress, charging that "international capitalism" was raising a false issue of freedom of the press and using the La Prensa case "to damage Argentina's international prestige and the indestructible union of the people with their government."

Crime
New York gambler Frank Costello, described in a U.S. Senate report as the head of a crime syndicate, walked out of a Senate Crime Investigating Committee hearing in New York, saying that he was too sick to continue.



Oil
In a movement led by Mohammad Mosaddegh, the lower house of the Iranian Parliament voted unanimously to nationalize the country's oil industry and eliminate foreign interests from the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Truman nominated Assistant Treasury Secretary William McChesney Martin, Jr. as Federal Reserve Board chairman, following the resignation of Thomas McCabe.

Labour
The New York state legislature passed a controversial emergency act authorizing conscription of workers and seizure of private property in the event of an atomic attack.

60 years ago
1961


Diplomacy
At the 10th post-World War II Commonwealth Prime Ministers Conference in London, South African Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd announced that his country would withdraw from the Commonweatlh of Nations upon becoming a republic on May 31, 1961. The announcement came after the other 10 heads of government at the conference denounced South Africa's apartheid policy of racial separation. British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan had been unsuccessful in trying to reach a compromise which would allow South Africa to remain within the Commonwealth as a republic, while being censured for apartheid.

Politics and government
U.S. President John F. Kennedy addressed various issues at a news conference in Washington.



50 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): The Pushbike Song--The Mixtures

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Shiretoko Ryojō--Tokiko Kato (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): My Sweet Lord--George Harrison (3rd week at #1)

Austria's Top 10 (Ö3)
1 My Sweet Lord--George Harrison
2 Apeman--The Kinks
3 Hier ist ein Mensch--Peter Alexander
4 I Hear You Knocking--Dave Edmunds
5 Bridget The Midget (The Queen Of The Blues)--Ray Stevens
6 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond
7 I Think I Love You--The Partridge Family
8 Knock Three Times--Dawn
9 Have You Ever Seen the Rain--Creedence Clearwater Revival
10 Oh, wann kommst du?--Daliah Lavi

Singles entering the chart were Bridget The Midget (The Queen Of The Blues); Knock Three Times; Have You Ever Seen the Rain; Mother by John Lennon (#13); and Für dich allein (Du kannst nicht alles haben) by Roy Black (#15).

Died on this date
Jean-Pierre Monseré, 22
. Belgian cyclist. Mr. Monseré participated in the 1968 Summer Olympic Games in Mexico City, and turned professional in 1969. He won the world omnium championship in Leicester, England in 1970, but was killed while riding the Grote Jaarmarktprijs in Retie, Belgium when he collided with a car that had driven onto the course.

Defense
The fourth round of the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks between the U.S.A. and U.S.S.R., aimed at reducing nuclear weapons, began in Vienna.

Diplomacy
The U.S. government discontinued the requirement that all American citizens obtain specially validated passports for travel to China.

Boxing
World welterweight champion Billy Backus (32-10-4) won a 10-round majority decision over Robert Gallois (42-5-1) in a non-title bout at the Palais des Sports in Paris. Mr. Backus was knocked down in the 5th round, but he responded by knocking down Mr. Gallois in each of rounds 7, 8, and 10.

40 years ago
1981


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Woman--John Lennon (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Life is for Living--Barclay James Harvest (3rd week at #1)

Austria's Top 10 (Ö3)
1 Angel of Mine--Frank Duval & Orchestra
2 Stop the Cavalry--Jona Lewie
3 Some Broken Hearts Never Mend--Telly Savalas
4 Woman--John Lennon
5 (Just Like) Starting Over--John Lennon
6 Imagine--John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band
7 Super Trouper--ABBA
8 De Do Do Do De Da Da Da--The Police
9 Love Will Tear Us Apart--Chuzpe
10 Lies--Status Quo

Singles entering the chart were Woman; The Gold Bug by the Alan Parsons Project (#15); and Ye-si-ca by Secret Service (#20).

Died on this date
René Clair, 82
. French film director and writer. Mr. Clair, born René-Lucien Chomette, began his career in silent movies in 1924, but became known for directing some of France's earliest sound films, including Sous les toits de Paris (Under the Roofs of Paris) (1930); Le Million (1931); and À nous la liberté (1931). He worked in England in the mid-late 1930s and then in Hollywood until 1946, with his biggest success coming wih And Then There were None (1945). Mr. Clair returned to France in 1947 and directed films until 1965, but he was seen as out of touch with the times. He increasingly turned to writing, producing journal articles and the occasional work of fiction.

War
Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein offered to arm dissident Iranian rebels, indicating that his cease-fire proposals had been rejected.

Hockey
NHL
Edmonton 3 @ Calgary 3

Wayne Gretzky scored his 50th goal of the season for the Oilers in their tie against the Flames at the Stampede Corral.

30 years ago
1991


Died on this date
Bud Freeman, 84
. U.S. musician. Lawrence Freeman was a tenor saxophonist who played with the big bands of musicians such as Tommy Dorsey and Benny Goodman, and also led his own orchestra in a career that stretched from the 1920s to the 1980s. He was inducted into the Big Band and Jazz Hall of Fame in 1992.

Germanica
The Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany came into effect, granting full sovereignty to the Federal Republic of Germany.

Politics and government
Yugoslavian President Borislav Jovic, an ally of Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic, resigned after the federal executive body voted against declaring a national state of emergency so that the Yugoslav army could intervene in Serbia. Western observers believed Mr. Milosevic wanted martial law in Yugoslavia in order to safeguard his regime and bolster his power. Two more members of the executive body--one each from Montenegro and Vojvodina--who had voted in favour of martial law also resigned, reducing the collective presidency to five members.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that producer prices for finished goods had declined 0.6% in February.

Track and field
Sergei Bubka of the U.S.S.R. became the first person to pole vault 20 feet when he cleared 20 feet ¼ inch at an international meet in San Sebastian, Spain. The vault bettered the world indoor record of 19 feet 11¼ inches he had set one month before.

Hockey
NHL
Edmonton 3 @ Winnipeg 4

25 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Spaceman--Babylon Zoo (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): How Deep is Your Love--Take That (3rd week at #1)

20 years ago
2001


Died on this date
Ann Sothern, 92
. U.S. actress. Miss Sothern, born Harriette Arlene Lake, was known for her comic performances in numerous movies and television programs. She starred as the title character in the Maisie film series (1939-1947) and the radio program The Adventures of Maisie (1945-1953). Miss Sothern starred in the television comedy series Private Secretary (1953-1958), and The Ann Sothern Show (1958-1961). She was nominated for an Academy Award for her supporting performance in The Whales of August (1987), her final film. Miss Sothern died of heart failure.

Terrorism
A Russian plane en route from Istanbul to Moscow was hijacked to Medina, Saudi Arabia by three Chechen terrorists who sought to have all Russian troops removed from the breakaway province of Chechnya.

War
The United Nations brokered a deal to withdraw multinational forces from the Democratic Republic of the Congo and for rebel combat to cease within two weeks. UN personnel would be sent to monitor the process.

Law
The Supreme Court of British Columbia ruled that parents were liable if their teenage children’s party guests drove after drinking too much. A family in Enderby, B.C. was ordered to pay part of the $2.5 million in damages awarded to a teenage boy who was seriously injured in a 1998 car crash after leaving a party.

10 years ago
2011


War
The Syrian Civil War began when protesters marched in Damascus and Aleppo, demanding democratic reforms and the release of political prisoners, and security forces retaliated by opening fire on the protesters.

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