Tuesday, 30 March 2021

March 30, 2021

210 years ago
1811


Born on this date
Robert Bunsen
. German chemist. Mr. Bunsen co-discovered the elements caesium and rubidium, and invented the Bunsen burner. He died on August 16, 1899 at the age of 88.

180 years ago
1841


Economics and finance
The National Bank of Greece was founded in Athens.

160 years ago
1861


Science
British chemist Sir William Crookes published his discovery of thallium using flame spectroscopy.

125 years ago
1896


Died on this date
Charilaos Trikoupis, 63
. Prime Minister of Greece, 1875, 1878, 1880, 1882-1885, 1886-1890, 1892-1893, 1893-1895. Mr. Trikoupis was first elected to the Hellenic Parliament in 1865. He opposed royal privilege in selecting Prime Ministers, but after he formed the New (or Modernist) Party and won a plurality in Parliament, King George I reluctantly named him Prime Minister. Mr. Trikoupis achieved parliamentary reforms, including the introduction of non-confidence motions into the constitution, but Greece was beset by political instability, and Mr. Trikoupis was frequently in and out of office as Prime Minister. During his 1892-1893 government, he declared the country bankrupt. Mr. Trikoupis declined to run for office in 1895 and moved to Cannes; his party was resoundingly defeated in that year's election. He was involuntarily nominated for a seat in Parliament in 1896 and was elected, but he remained in Cannes, where he died.

120 years ago
1901


Law
The Supreme Court of Canada ruled that marriages of Roman Catholics performed by Protestant clergymen were valid.

100 years ago
1921


Died on this date
Frank Bancroft, 74
. U.S. baseball manager. Mr. Bancroft managed seven major league teams (1880-1902), compiling a record of 375-333-10. He led the Providence Grays to the first World Series championship in 1884. Mr. Bancroft died of neuritis.

90 years ago
1931

On the radio

The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Richard Gordon and Leigh Lovell, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: The Adventure of Shoscombe Old Place

80 years ago
1941


War
French shore batteries in Algeria opened fire on a British naval squadron after it halted a French convoy of four merchant ships proceeding from Casablanca to Oran. Armed U.S. Coast Guardsmen seized 35 Danish, 28 Italian, and 2 German merchant vessels in Atlantic, Pacific, Gulf of Mexico, and Mediterranean ports under the 1917 Espionage Act after 26 of the Italian ships and one of the German vessels were sabotaged by their crews. 1940 Republican Party U.S. presidential candidate Wendell Willkie warned in a radio address that if the Axis won the European War, the United States would become an armed camp and lose its own liberties.

World events
Local press in Guayaquil, Ecuador charged that Japs who controlled petroleum concessions near Esmeralda were engaging in anti-government activities and interfering in local politics.

Medicine
Dr. Frank Adair, chairman of the American Society for the Control of Cancer, reported a 30% increase in cures of operable breast cancer from 1920-1935.

Labour
Members of the Congress of Industrial Organizations Farm Equipment Workers voted in Chicago to end their two-month strike at four International Harvester Company plants and submit their dispute to the National Defense Mediation Board. The strike at the Bethlehem Steel plant in Johnstown, Pennsylvania was settled.

75 years ago
1946


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Oh! What it Seemed to Be--Frankie Carle and His Orchestra with Marjorie Hughes (Best Seller--3rd week at #1; Airplay--2nd week at #1; Juke Box--3rd week at #1; Honor Roll of Hits--4th week at #1)

War
The government of the Netherlands East Indies announced that Dutch and Indonesian leaders were close to agreement on Indonesian demands and that negotiations would be transferred to The Hague.

World events
U.S. occupation headquarters in Frankfurt announced the arrest of 800 Germans in the American and British zones of Austria and Germany in Operation Nursery, a campaign against efforts to revive the Hitler Youth organization.

The government of Ecuador suppressed a revolutionary plot believed to be led by former dictator General Alberto Enriquez.

Space
Dr. Donald Menzel of Harvard University presented a theory explaining the energy production of giant red stars in terms of nuclear fusion.

Opera
The Metropolitan Opera Guild announced that a poll of 123,000 fadio listeners showed there favourite operas to be Aida; Carmen; La Traviata; Hansel and Gretel; and Boris Goudenov.

Labour
The American Federation of Labor reported a membership of 6,931,221 and a treasury of $2,087,021 as of August 31, 1945.

Sport
In the first official Thames River Boat Race since 1939, the University of Oxford defeated Cambridge University by 3 lengths.

Swimming
NCAA championships @ New Haven, Connecticut
Ohio State University won the national championship.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Boston 3 @ Montreal 4 (OT) (Montreal led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Rocket Richard scored 9:08 into overtime to give the Canadiens their win over the Bruins at the Montreal Forum.

70 years ago
1951


On the radio
Hear it Now, hosted by Edward R. Murrow, on CBS

Tonight's program included more news about the hearings of the U.S. Senate Crime Investigating Committee.

Diplomacy
The United Nations Security Council voted over Indian opposition to renew attempts to gain an Indian-Pakistani agrement on demilitarization of Kashmir preparatory to a plebiscite on the territory's status. India announced that it would not submit to compulsory UN arbitration, claiming its security was involved in Kashmir.

Law
South Africa's Group Areas Act, which divided the country on a racial basis, became effective in Cape Province, Transvaal, and Orange Free State. It empowered the Interior Ministry to proclaim areas for exclusive ownership or occupation by white, black, or coloured people.

Crime
The U.S. Senate indicted 12 underworld figures, including Frank Costello and Joe Adonis, for contempt of Congress in refusing to answer questions before the Senate Crime Investigating Committee.

Politics and government
U.S. Army General Lucius Clay resigned as special assistant to Defense Mobilization Director Charles Wilson in order to resume his position as chairman of the Continental Can Company.

Following transfers of powers from the Canadian federal government to the provinces, Quebec's Union Nationale government of Premier Maurice Duplessis abolished the Federal Rent Board to make way for the Provincial Rent Board.

Economics and finance
The U.S. National Production Authority postponed a ban on the use of aluminum in many civilian products, scheduled to begin April 1, for 30 days at the request of the Senate Small Business Committee.

60 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (Lever Hit Parade): Surrender--Elvis Presley

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Wooden Heart--Elvis Presley (2nd week at #1)

On television tonight
The Untouchables, starring Robert Stack, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Testimony of Evil



At the movies
One Eyed Jacks, directed by Marlon Brando, and starring Mr. Brando, Karl Malden, Katy Jurado, and Pina Pellicer, opened in theatres. It was Mr. Brando's only film as a director.





Space
The mission of Transit III-B-Lofti--two unseparated U.S. satellites that had been gathering data for a navigational satellite system, geodetic measurements, and radio transmission--ended. The satellites had been launched on February 21 from Cape Canaveral, Florida atop a single rocket, but they failed to separate as planned, and went into an elliptical orbit of Earth instead on near-circular orbits. The radio transmitters operated, but the quality of the data was hurt by the elliptical orbit.

Diplomacy
The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs was signed in New York City; it went into effect on August 8, 1975.

U.S. President John F. Kennedy announced the selection of the National Advisory Council for the Peace Corps. Vice President Lyndon Johnson was named chairman and U.S. Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas was named honourary chairman.

50 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Kvällstoppen): Rose Garden--Lynn Anderson (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Butterfly--Danyel Gérard (6th week at #1)

Politics and government
Quebec Civil Service Minister Jean-Paul L'Allier tabled the government's salary policy for negotiations with the public sector.

Boxing
Herschel Jacobs (25-17-2) scored a technical knockout over former world light heavyweight champion Harold Johnson (76-11) at 24 seconds of the 3rd round in a heavyweight bout at Sunnyside Garden, Queens, New York. The fight, which was stopped because of cuts, was the last for Mr. Johnson, 42, who had begun boxing professionally in 1946.

40 years ago
1981


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Antmusic--Adam and the Ants (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Ruby no Yubiwa--Akira Terao

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Johnny & Mary--Robert Palmer

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Fade to Grey--Visage (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
DeWitt Wallace, 91
. U.S. publisher. Mr. Wallace and his wife Lila co-founded Reader's Digest in 1922.

Crime
U.S. President Ronald Reagan and his press secretary James Brady were wounded when shot by John Hinckley in Washington.











Movies
Because of the assassination attempt on U.S. President Ronald Reagan, the presentation of the Academy Awards for 1980 was postponed until the following night.

Politics and government
The Newfoundland Court of Appeals ruled that the federal government of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau did not have the right to change the constitution unilaterally.

30 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Sucker DJ (A Witch for Love)--Dimples D. (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Se Stiamo Insieme--Riccardo Cocciante (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): The Grease Megamix--John Travolta & Olivia Newton-John (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Because I Love You--Stevie B (The Postman Song)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Wind of Change--Scorpions (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (CIN): The One and Only--Chesney Hawkes

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Liefde Voor Muziek--Raymond v/h Groenewoud (3rd week at #1)
2 Do the Bartman--The Simpsons
3 The Grease Megamix--John Travolta & Olivia Newton-John
4 Joyride--Roxette
5 (I Wanna Give You) Devotion--Nomad featuring Mc Mikee Freedom
6 Unfinished Sympathy--Massive
7 Crazy--Seal
8 Papa--Stef Bos
9 3 A.M. Eternal (Live at the S.S.L.)--The KLF
10 Rescue Me--Madonna

Singles entering the chart were Losing My Religion by R.E.M. (#20); Highwire by the Rolling Stones (#21); I'm Going Slightly Mad by Queen (#24); Here We Go by C+C Music Factory presents Freedom Williams and Zelma Davis (#33); Halvu - Høkers Aller Landen Verenigt U by Normaal (#36); Meisjes by Rob Zorn (#37); and In de Tijd Van de Rock 'n' Roll by John Spencer (#40).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Coming Out of the Dark--Gloria Estefan
2 One More Try--Timmy -T-
3 This House--Tracie Spencer
4 Hold You Tight--Tara Kemp
5 I've Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat
6 Someday--Mariah Carey
7 You're in Love--Wilson Phillips
8 Sadeness Part 1--Enigma
9 Get Here--Oleta Adams
10 Signs--Tesla

Singles entering the chart were How Much is Enough by the Fixx (#70); Crazy by Daisy Dee (#83); What Comes Naturally by Sheena Easton (#85); Love Me Forever or Love Me Not by Trilogy (#86); Walking in Memphis by Marc Cohn (#87); and Going Through the Motions by Aftershock (#94).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Coming Out of the Dark--Gloria Estefan
2 Someday--Mariah Carey
3 One More Try--Timmy -T-
4 This House--Tracie Spencer
5 Hold You Tight--Tara Kemp
6 You’re in Love--Wilson Phillips
7 I’ve Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat
8 State of the World--Janet Jackson
9 All the Man that I Need--Whitney Houston
10 Get Here--Oleta Adams

Singles entering the chart were Losing My Religion by R.E.M. (#76); Step On (’91 Remix) by Happy Mondays (#79); What Comes Naturally (#86) by Sheena Easton; Word of Mouth by Mike + the Mechanics (#87); Another Like My Lover by Jasmine Guy; Here I Am (Come and Take Me) by UB40 (#89); and Wrap My Body Tight by Johnny Gill (#100).

Canada’s Top 10 (RPM)
1 Someday--Mariah Carey (3rd week at #1)
2 All This Time--Sting
3 Coming Out of the Dark--Gloria Estefan
4 Waiting for Love--Alias
5 You’re in Love--Wilson Phillips
6 Wicked Game--Chris Isaak
7 Rescue Me--Madonna
8 Joyride--Roxette
9 Waiting for that Day--George Michael
10 I’ve Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat

Singles entering the chart included I Will Be Here by Steve Winwood (#79); Call Me and I’ll Be There by Rita MacNeil (#87); If You Lean on Me by Colin James (#88); and Word of Mouth by Mike + the Mechanics (#99).

War
Iraqi government forces recaptured Kirkuk from Kurdish rebels, and hundreds of thousands of Kurds were reported fleeing to the mountains.

Hockey
NHL
Quebec 3 @ Montreal 4

Basketball
NCAA
Men’s championship semi-finals @ Hoosier Dome, Indianapolis
Duke 79 Nevada at Las Vegas 77

Christian Laettner scored 18 points to lead the Blue Devils to an upset win, ending the Runnin’ Rebels’ winning streak at 45 games, and advancing to the final against the University of Kansas Jayhawks.



25 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): One of Us--Joan Osborne (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): Con te partirò--Andrea Bocelli (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Children--Robert Miles (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Children--Robert Miles (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Captain Jack--Captain Jack

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Firestarter--The Prodigy

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion (2nd week at #1)
2 Nobody Knows--The Tony Rich Project
3 Sittin' Up in My Room--Brandy
4 Down Low (Nobody Has to Know)--R. Kelly featuring Ronald Isley
5 Not Gon' Cry--Mary J. Blige
6 Ironic--Alanis Morissette
7 One Sweet Day--Mariah Carey and Boyz II Men
8 Missing--Everything But the Girl
9 Follow You Down/Til I Hear it from You--Gin Blossoms
10 Lady--D'Angelo

Singles entering the chart were Sweet Dreams by La Bouche (#63); Amish Paradise by "Weird Al" Yankovic (#65); One for the Money by Horace Brown (#92); and Soul Food by Goodie Mob (#95).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Always Be My Baby--Mariah Carey
2 Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion
3 Nobody Knows--The Tony Rich Project
4 Ironic--Alanis Morissette
5 Down Low (Nobody Has to Know)--R. Kelly (featuring Ronald Isley and Ernie Isley)
6 Sittin' Up in My Room--Brandy
7 Til I Hear it from You/Follow You Down--Gin Blossoms
8 Lady--D’Angelo
9 Not Gon' Cry--Mary J. Blige
10 Real Love--The Beatles

Singles entering the chart were Always Be My Baby; Real Love; Count on Me by Whitney Houston and CeCe Winans (#35); Renee by Lost Boyz (#65); Release Me by Angelina (#68); Give Me One Reason by Tracy Chapman (#76); Funkorama by Redman (#79); Can't Get You Off My Mind by Lenny Kravitz (#88); and Have I Never by Few Good Men (#89).

Hockey
NHL
Toronto 4 @ Edmonton 3

20 years ago
2001


War
Six Palestinians were killed and 100 wounded in new clashes with Israeli forces. Palestinians participated in mass demonstrations against Israeli attacks.

Baseball
First baseman Paul Konerko's error on Devon White's ground ball with 2 out in the bottom of the 8th inning allowed Rafael Belliard to score the winning run to complete a 2-run rally as the Milwaukee Brewers edged the Chicago White Sox 5-4 in a spring training game before a sellout crowd of 41,544 fans in the first game ever played at Miller Park in Milwaukee.



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