Saturday, 30 April 2011

May 1, 2011

840 years ago
1171


Died on this date
Diarmait Mac Murchada, 60-61 (?)
. King of Leinster, 1126-1171. Diarmait Mac Murchada acceded to the throne of Leinster, a kingdom in Ireland, upon the death of his older brother Énna. Diarmait was the king who invited the first wave of English settlers, planted by the Norman conquest. During his reign, the indigenous Celtic Christian Church in Ireland came under the jurisdiction of the Holy See through a bull issued to the Normans by Pope Adrian IV. King Diarmait was deposed in 1167 by High King of Ireland Ruaidri Ua Conchobair (Rory O'Connor), but regained the throne with English and Welsh military support. King Diarmait was succeeded as King of Leinster by his son Domhnall Caomhánach.

280 years ago
1731


Died on this date
Johann Ludwig Bach, 54
. German composer. Mr. Bach, a third cousin of Johann Sebastian Bach, was a violinist whose catalogue of 39 compositions includes 17 cantatas.

190 years ago
1821


Born on this date
Henry Ayers
. U.K.-born Australian politician. Sir Henry was a carpenter when he emigrated to South Australia in 1840; he worked as a law clerk and mine manager before entering politics. He was a member of the South Australia Legislative Council from 1857-1893, and served five terms as Premier of South Australia (1863-1864, 1865, 1867-1868, October-November 1868, 1872-1873). Sir Henry died on June 11, 1897 at the age of 76.

160 years ago
1851


Britannica
Queen Victoria opened the Great Exhibition at the Crystal Palace in London.







140 years ago
1871


Born on this date
Emiliano Chamorro Vargas
. President of Nicaragua, 1917--1921, 1926. Mr. Chamorro participated in a failed coup attempt against President José Santos Zelaya in 1893, but after Mr. Zelaya was removed by a coup in 1909, Mr. Chamorro became Chairman of the Constituent Assembly and leader of the Nicaragua's Conservative Party. He helped to suppress a revolt against President Adolfo Díaz in 1911, and was rewarded by being appointed Ambassador to the United States, serving until 1916. He was elected President with American assistance, and used his term to try to pay off Nicaragua's creditors. Mr. Chamorro was defeated by Carlos José Solórzano in the 1923 presidential election, but led a successful coup against Mr. Solórzano in March 1926. However, Mr. Chamorro failed to win American support, a civil war ensued, and he was forced to resign in favour of Mr. Díaz in November 1926. Mr. Chamorro held ambassadorial posts to several European countries in later years, and died on February 26, 1966 at the age of 94.

125 years ago
1886


Baseball
Al Atkinson pitched his second career no-hitter as the Philadelphia Athletics edged the New York Metropolitans 3-2 in an American Association game at Jefferson Street Grounds in Philadelphia.

120 years ago
1891

Baseball

The Cleveland Spiders defeated the Cincinnati Reds 12-3 in the first major league game at League Park in Cleveland before a crowd of about 9,500. Cy Young was the winning pitcher.

110 years ago
1901


Born on this date
Heinz Eric Roemheld
. U.S. composer. Mr. Roemheld was a child prodigy as a pianist, and performed in the United States and Europe, performing his scores for silent movies. He wrote music for more than 400 films, and won the Academy Award for his original score for Yankee Doodle Dandy (1942). Mr. Roemheld is perhaps best known as the composer of the song Ruby, from the movie Ruby Gentry (1952). He died of pneumonia on February 11, 1985 at the age of 83.

100 years ago
1911


Diplomacy
Philippe Ray was appointed Canadian Commissioner to France.

90 years ago
1921


Society
The Québec government took control of the sale of liquor in the province when the Alcoholic Beverages Act created the Commission des liqueurs du Québec, today's SAQ; with near universal prohibition of alcoholic beverages in North America, Québec was the only 'wet' jurisdiction on the continent for a time.

80 years ago
1931

Americana

The Empire State Building, then the world's tallest at 102 storeys, opened in New York City.



70 years ago
1941


At the movies
Citizen Kane, co-written by, directed by, and starring Orson Welles, received its premiere screening at the Palace Theatre in New York City.



War
German and Italian forces launched a major attack on the Libyan port of Tobruk, breaking through the city's outer defenses. Reports from London indicated that additional troops had been landed at Basra, Iraq over the protests of the Iraqi government. Iraqi Prime Minister Rashid Ali Beg Gallani asserted that the new arrival of British troops violated the Anglo-Iraqi treaty.

Defense
U.S. Senator Joseph Guffey (Democrat--Pennsylvania) urged that the U.S. Navy convoy merchant ships to Britain. U.S. Senator Charles Tobey (Republican--New Hampshire) claimed that "pressure" from President Franklin D. Roosevelt defeated his anti-convoy resolution; he told Mr. Roosevelt to "keep your hands off the Congress." U.S. defense bonds and stamps ranging from 10c-$10,000 went on sale at post offices and banks. The U.S. Senate passed and sent to President Roosevelt the $3,415,521,750 naval appropriations bill.

Diplomacy
Chinese Foreign Minister Dr. Kuo Tai-chi said that America, Britain, and China should form an ABC combination, pooling their economic and natural resources to crush totalitarianism.

Transportation
U.S. President Roosevelt asked Congress for funds to complete a 1,500-mile stretch of the Inter-American highway from the southern border of Mexico across Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama to the Panama Canal at a cost estimated at $20 million.

Science
Dr. Robley Evans of Massachusetts Institute of Technology reported that new methods of determining geological ages indicated that life had existed on Earth much longer than previous estimates of 500 million years, and that man may be much older than the one million years now commonly accepted.

Economics and finance
The British Ministry of Economic Warfare urged the United States to boycott the Axis and freeze Axis funds in the United States.

Business
Albert W. Hawkes of Congoleum-Nairn Inc. was elected president of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce.

Labour
Workers at the Phelps-Dodge plant in Elizabeth, New Jersey voted to end their three-week strike.

60 years ago
1951


On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: No Friend Like an Old Friend, starring Judith Evelyn, Ruth Ford, and Tom Helmore

War
The 25th Canadian Infantry Brigade Group was sent to join United Nations forces in Korea. Chinese Communist forces halted their drive on Seoul.

Defense
The U.S. Senate Armed Services Committee released General Albert Wedemeyer's secret 1947 report to President Harry Truman on the Korean situation, showing that Gen. Wedemeyer had accurately forecast the invasion of South Korea by Soviet-controlled North Korean Communists.

Politics and government
Nicaraguan President Anastasio Somoza completed the unexpired term of the late Victor Manual Roman y Reyes and began a regular six-year term.

The pro-Indian Kashmiri government summoned a Constituent Assembly to "frame a constitution" for the state.

Two "right-wing" socialist groups in Italy merged to form the new anti-Communist Italian Socialist Party.

Protest
Iran's outlawed Tudeh Party staged a pro-Soviet demonstration in Tehran with 30,000 participants.

Law
Leonard Nicholson was appointed Commissioner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police; he served until March 31, 1959.

Crime
The U.S. Senate Crime Investigating Committee issued a third interim report, accusing Ambassador to Mexico William O'Dwyer of aiding crime while Mayor of New York by failing to take effective action against top gangsters in their gambling, narcotics, waterfront, bookmaking, and murder rackets.

Americana
The American Mothers Committee of the Golden Rule Foundation named Dr. Mary Sloop, a North Carolina physician, as the American Mother of 1951.

Labour
Federal officials in the southwestern United States began a "get-tough" policy of enforcing existing regulations against hiring illegal Mexican migrant workers.

Baseball
Mickey Mantle his his first major league home run to help the New York Yankees beat the Chicago White Sox 8-3 before 14,776 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Yogi Berra also homered for New York. Minnie Minoso, in his first game with Chicago, hit a 2-run homer in his first at bat.

Pinch hitter Lou Limmer doubled in three runs and scored himself as the Philadelphia Athletics erupted for 8 runs in the top of the 11th inning to break a 1-1 tie and defeat the Detroit Tigers 9-1 before 3,583 fans at Briggs Stadium in Detroit.

Mickey Vernon hit a solo home run with 1 out in the top of the 13th inning to break an 8-8 tie as the Washington Nationals edged the St. Louis Browns 9-8 before 3,346 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis.

50 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Quince Años Tiene Mi Amor--Dúo Dinámico (7th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Et maintenant--Gilbert Bécaud

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Runaway--Del Shannon (2nd week at #1)
2 Mother-in-Law--Ernie K-Doe
3 I've Told Every Little Star--Linda Scott
4 A Hundred Pounds of Clay--Gene McDaniels
5 Blue Moon--The Marcels
6 But I Do--Clarence "Frogman" Henry
7 Take Good Care of Her--Adam Wade
8 One Mint Julep--Ray Charles
9 You Can Depend on Me--Brenda Lee
10 On the Rebound--Floyd Cramer

Singles entering the chart were That Old Black Magic by Bobby Rydell (#53); Little Devil by Neil Sedaka (#56); Hello Mary Lou by Ricky Nelson (#73); Those Oldies But Goodies (Remind Me of You) by Little Caesar and the Romans (#80); Buzz Buzz A-Diddle-It by Freddy Cannon (#88); Raindrops by Dee Clark (#90); Big Big World by Johnny Burnette (#92); You're Gonna Need Magic by Roy Hamilton (#93); Count Every Star by Donnie and the Dreamers (#94); Moody River by Pat Boone (#95); Halfway to Paradise by Tony Orlando (#96); A Cross Stands Alone by Jimmy Witter (#97); The Kissin' Game by Dion (#99); and Rama Lama Ding Dong by the Edsels (#100).

Abominations
Cuban dictator Fidel Castro announced that Cuba was now a socialist state and that he had banned elections.

Diplomacy
Habib Bourguiba, President of Tunisia, arrived in Ottawa to start a two-day visit to Canada.

40 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Morning--Steve Montgomery

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): 4 marzo 1943--Lucio Dalla (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Hot Love--T. Rex (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Double Barrel--Dave and Ansel Collins

Australia's Top 10 (Go-Set)
1 I'll Be Gone--Spectrum
2 Rose Garden--Lynn Anderson
3 The Pushbike Song--The Mixtures
4 What is Life/Apple Scruffs--George Harrison
5 Knock Three Times--Dawn
6 My Sweet Lord--George Harrison
7 Armstrong--Reg Lindsay
8 Have You Ever Seen the Rain/Hey Tonight--Creedence Clearwater Revival
9 Amazing Grace--Judy Collins
10 Your Song--Elton John

Singles entering the chart were Another Day by Paul McCartney (#25); and Oye Como Va by Santana (#54).

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Funny, Funny--The Sweet
2 Mozart - First Movement Symphony No. 40--Waldo De Los Rios
3 True Love that's a Wonder--Sandy Coast
4 Underneath the Blanket Go--Gilbert O'Sullivan
5 Loop di Love--J. Bastós
6 Those Words--Sandra & Andres
7 Du--Peter Maffray
8 Power to the People--John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band
9 In Your Eyes (I Can See the Lies)--Tee-Set
10 Proud Mary--Ike & Tina Turner

Singles entering the chart were Brown Sugar by the Rolling Stones (#15); It Don't Come Easy by Ringo Starr (#20); United by Drafi (#30); Rosetta by Georgie Fame & Alan Price (#33); A Day Begins by Greenfield & Cook (#36); O Daar Heb Je Ze Weer by Jack De Nijs (#37); The Leader by Unit Gloria (#38); and I'm a Bum by the Gloomys (#39).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Joy to the World--Three Dog Night (3rd week at #1)
2 Put Your Hand in the Hand--Ocean
3 Never Can Say Goodbye--The Jackson 5
4 What's Going On--Marvin Gaye
5 I Am...I Said/Done Too Soon--Neil Diamond
6 If--Bread
7 Stay Awhile--The Bells
8 Another Day/Oh Woman, Oh Why--Paul McCartney
9 Just My Imagination (Running Away with Me)--The Temptations
10 Chick-A-Boom (Don't Ya Jes' Love It)--Daddy Dewdrop

Singles entering the chart were Brown Sugar by the Rolling Stones (#40); It Don't Come Easy by Ringo Starr (#49); Reach Out I’ll Be There by Diana Ross (#66); Feelin’ Alright by Grand Funk Railroad (#78); Reach Out Your Hand by the Brotherhood of Man (#80); I’m Comin’ Home by Dave Edmunds (#87); A Mama and a Papa by Ray Stevens (#88); Jumpin' Jack Flash by Johnny Winter (#89); The Drum by Bobby Sherman (#90); Music is Love by David Crosby (#95); The Electronic Magnetism (That's Heavy, Baby) by Solomon Burke (#96); and Be Good to Me Baby by Luther Ingram (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Joy to the World--Three Dog Night (3rd week at #1)
2 Put Your Hand in the Hand--Ocean
3 Never Can Say Goodbye--The Jackson 5
4 I Am...I Said--Neil Diamond
5 Stay Awile--The Bells
6 Another Day--Paul McCartney
7 Bridge Over Troubled Water--Aretha Franklin
8 If--Bread
9 What’s Going On--Marvin Gaye
10 We Can Work it Out--Stevie Wonder

Singles entering the chart were The Drum by Bobby Sherman (#49); Reach Out I’ll Be There by Diana Ross (#60); Nathan Jones by the Supremes (#69); I Cried by James Brown (#70); You’re My Man by Lynn Anderson (#72); I’m Comin’ Home by Dave Edmunds (#76); Feelin’ Alright by Grand Funk Railroad (#77); A Mama and a Papa by Ray Stevens (#85); House at Pooh Corner by Nitty Gritty Dirt Band (#87); Hot Love by T. Rex (#88); Love's Made a Fool of You by Cochise (#92); Be Nice to Me by Runt (#95); Funky Nassau - Part I by the Beginning of the End (#97); Indian Reservation (The Lament of the Cherokee Reservation Indian) by the Raiders (#98); and Sea Cruise by Johnny Rivers (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Record World)
1 Joy to the World--Three Dog Night (3rd week at #1)
2 Never Can Say Goodbye--The Jackson 5
3 Put Your Hand in the Hand--Ocean
4 I Am...I Said--Neil Diamond
5 Another Day/Oh Woman, Oh Why--Paul McCartney
6 What’s Going On--Marvin Gaye
7 Stay Awhile--The Bells
8 If--Bread
9 Just My Imagination (Running Away with Me)--The Temptations
10 She's a Lady--Tom Jones

Singles entering the chart were Brown Sugar by the Rolling Stones (#77); Funky Music Sho Nuff Turns Me On by Edwin Starr (#80); The Drum by Bobby Sherman (#84); Spinning Around (I Must Be Falling in Love) by the Main Ingredient (#93); House at Pooh Corner by the Nitty Gritty Dirt Band (#94); Brownsville by the Joy of Cooking (#95); Ajax Liquor Store by Hudson & Landry (#96); L.A. International Airport by Susan Raye (#97); Feelin’ Alright by Grand Funk Railroad (#98); and Happy by Hog Heaven (#100).

Canada’s Top 10 (RPM)
1 Joy to the World--Three Dog Night (2nd week at #1)
2 I Am...I Said--Neil Diamond
3 Jodie--Joey Gregorash
4 Another Day--Paul McCartney
5 One Toke Over the Line--Brewer and Shipley
6 Carry Me--Stampeders
7 Power to the People--John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band
8 Eighteen--Alice Cooper
9 If--Bread
10 Woodstock--Matthews’ Southern Comfort

Singles entering the chart were Brown Sugar by the Rolling Stones (#45); It Don’t Come Easy by Ringo Starr (#54); I’m Comin’ Home by Dave Edmunds (#61); Toast and Marmalade for Tea by Tin Tin (#67); Hello Mom by the Mercey Brothers (#69); Cool Aid by Paul Humphrey and his Cool Aid Chemists (#71); I Love You for All Seasons by Fuzz (#81); Baby Let Me Kiss You by King Floyd (#99); and Bridge Over Troubled Water by Aretha Franklin (#100).

Calgary’s Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Tillicum--Syrinx
2 I Am...I Said--Neil Diamond
3 Joy to the World--Three Dog Night
4 Chick-A-Boom (Don't Ya Jes' Love It)--Daddy Dewdrop
5 Another Day--Paul McCartney
6 A Country Boy Named Willy--Spring
7 Eighteen--Alice Cooper
8 I Play and Sing--Dawn
9 Indian Reservation--Raiders
10 Snow Blind Friend--Steppenwolf
Pick hit of the week: Garden of Ursh--Karen Young

Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State William Rogers began a five-nation tour of the Middle East to evaluate chances of settling the Arab-Israeli dispute.

Transportation
The U.S. passenger railroad system Amtrak (the National Railroad Passenger Corporation) went into service, combining and streamlining the operations of 18 intercity passenger railroads, linking about 300 cities.

Horse racing
Canonero II, a "dark" horse from Venezuela ridden by Gustavo Avila, won the 97th running of the Kentucky Derby at Churchill Downs in Louisville in a time of 2:03 1/5. First prize money was $145,500; Canonero II, so lightly regarded that he had been placed in the mutuel field at 8-1 odds, paid $19.40 to win. Jim French, with Angel Cordero, Jr. aboard, placed second, with Bold Reason third in the 20-horse field. Unconscious, the 5-2 pre-race favourite, finished fifth.



30 years ago
1981


Hit parade #1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): In the Air Tonight--Phil Collins (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Stop the Cavalry--Jona Lewie (5th week at #1)

South Africa's Top 10 (Springbok Radio)
1 Shaddap You Face--Joe Dolce Music Theatre (9th week at #1)
2 I am the Beat--Look
3 Give Me Back My Love--Maywood
4 Here is My Love--Tommy Dee
5 Woman--John Lennon
6 Spend the Night in Love--The Four Seasons
7 Twilight Café--Susan Fassbender
8 Song for You--Chicago
9 Gypsy Girl--David Scobie
10 Antmusic--Adam & the Ants

The only single entering the chart was Santa Maria by Alan Garrity (#20).

Austria's Top 10 (Ö3)
1 Shaddap You Face--Joe Dolce Music Theatre
2 In the Air Tonight--Phil Collins
3 Fade to Grey--Visage
4 Woman--John Lennon
5 9 to 5--Dolly Parton
6 Flash--Queen
7 Amoureux solitaires--Lio
8 Vienna--Ultravox
9 Angel of Mine--Frank Duval & Orchestra
10 Some Broken Hearts Never Mend--Telly Savalas

Singles entering the chart were Jealous Guy by Roxy Music (#11); Making Your Mind Up by Bucks Fizz (#12); and Fremde Erde by Roy Black (#15).

On the radio
Nightfall, on CBC
Tonight's episode: Breaking Point

Personal
This blogger spent an enjoyable evening with the CPR Stockholders of Edmonton, our local Sherlock Holmes society, at the Jagerbeiz, a Swiss restaurant. Appropriately, the quiz for the occasion was on the short story The Final Problem.

Oil
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau imposed a special tax of $1.15 per barrel to pay for Petro-Canada's purchase of Petrofina.

Economics and finance
The government of Canada started the Sport Select baseball pool; it met the opposition of the provinces and major league baseball.

25 years ago
1986


Hit parade
Edmonton's top 30 (CHED)
1 Manic Monday--Bangles
2 Let's Go All the Way--Sly Fox
3 R.O.C.K. in the U.S.A.--John Cougar Mellencamp
4 Kiss--Prince and the Revolution
5 West End Girls--Pet Shop Boys
6 Bad Boy--Miami Sound Machine
7 Harlem Shuffle--Rolling Stones
8 Addicted to Love--Robert Palmer
9 Tender Love--Force M.D.’s
10 Why Can’t This Be Love--Van Halen
11 If You Leave--Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark
12 Greatest Love of All--Whitney Houston
13 Eurasian Eyes--Corey Hart
14 Don't Forget Me (When I'm Gone)--Glass Tiger
15 She Sells Sanctuary--The Cult
16 Something About You--Level 42
17 The Power of Love--Jennifer Rush
18 Vienna Calling--Falco
19 Feel it Again--Honeymoon Suite
20 Your Love--Outfield
21 Live to Tell--Madonna
22 What Have You Done for Me Lately--Janet Jackson
23 All I Need is a Miracle--Mike & the Mechanics
24 A Good Heart--Feargal Sharkey
25 Is it Love--Mr. Mister
26 What You Need--INXS
27 On My Own--Patti LaBelle and Michael McDonald
28 Angel in My Pocket--One to One
29 Move Away--Culture Club
30 April Fool--Chalk Circle

Died on this date
Hugo Peretti, 69
. U.S. songwriter and record producer. Mr. Peretti and his cousin Luigi Creatore formed the duo Hugo & Luigi, who produced records for artists such as Jimmie Rodgers, Perry Como, and Sam Cooke. Among the songs they helped write was Can't Help Falling in Love, a major hit for Elvis Presley in late 1961-early 1962.

Labour
Shirley Carr became the first female head of the Canadian Union of Public Employees, replacing Dennis McDermott as CUPE leader.

Hockey
Stanley Cup
Prince of Wales Conference Finals
New York Rangers 1 @ Montreal 2 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 1-0)

20 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Joyride--Roxette (8th week at #1)

On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: The House That Jack Built

Died on this date
Richard Thorpe, 95
. U.S. movie director. Mr. Thorpe, born Rollo Thorpe, directed more than 180 movies in a career running from the early 1920s through 1967. His films included Night Must Fall (1937); The Thin Man Goes Home (1945); and Jailhouse Rock (1957).

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Prince of Wales Conference Finals
Pittsburgh 3 @ Boston 6 (Boston led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Baseball
Nolan Ryan, 44, pitched his seventh and last major league no-hitter as the Texas Rangers blanked the Toronto Blue Jays 3-0 before 33,439 fans at Arlington Stadium.



Rickey Henderson of the Oakland Athletics broke Lou Brock's major league career record, stealing his 939th base in a 7-4 win over the New York Yankees before 36,139 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Mr. Brock was in attendance to salute Mr. Henderson.

Willie Randolph singled home Jim Gantner with 2 out in the bottom of the 19th inning to give the Milwaukee Brewers a 10-9 win over the Chicago White Sox before 13,973 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. Mr. Randolph had just 2 hits in 9 at bats, but his first hit had been a single to score Bill Spiers with the tying run with 2 out in the 15th as the Brewers rallied for 3 runs after the White Sox had scored 3 runs in the top half of the inning to take a 9-6 lead.

10 years ago
2001


Died on this date
Chandra Levy, 24
. U.S. civil servant. Miss Levy was a federal government intern who went missing in Washington, D.C. She was having an affair with Representative Gary Condit (Democrat--California), which led to his being widely suspected in her disappearance. Due to police incompetence, Miss Levy's remains weren't discovered until May 2002, when they were discovered in Rock Creek Park. Ingmar Guandique, a Salvadoran who was in prison serving sentences for assaulting two women in Rock Creek Park, was convicted in 2010 of Miss Levy's murder and sentenced in February 2011 to 60 years in prison.

April 30, 2011

1,700 years ago
311


Religion
The Diocletianic Persecution of Christians in the Roman Empire ended.

140 years ago
1871


Abominations
6 Anglo Americans, 48 Mexican Americans, and 92 Tohono O'odham Indians massacred 144 Pinal and Aravaipa Apaches at Camp Grant, Arizona Territory. All but 8 of the victims were women and children.

125 years ago
1886


Technology
The National League baseball game between the Chicago White Stockings and Kansas City Cowboys in Kansas City was recreated for fans in Chicago at Central Music Hall using a picture of the field and transparencies with the players’ names on them.

Baseball
The Chicago White Stockings edged the Kansas City Cowboys 6-5 in 13 innings at League Park in the first National League game played in Kansas City.

110 years ago
1901


Born on this date
Simon Kuznets
. Belarusian-born U.S. economist. Dr. Kuznets began his education in Ukraine before emigrating to the United States in 1922. He worked at the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) (1927-1961); University of Pennsylvania (1930–1954); Johns Hopkins University (1954–1960); and Harvard University (1960–1971). Dr. Kuznets devised the Kuznets curve, an inverted U-shaped relation between income inequality and economic growth (1955, 1963). He was awarded the 1971 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences "for his empirically founded interpretation of economic growth which has led to new and deepened insight into the economic and social structure and process of development." He died on July 8, 1985 at the age of 84.

Died on this date
Thomas "Dude" Esterbrook, 43
. Mr. Esterbrook was an infielder who played with seven major league teams from 1880-1891, batting .261 with 6 home runs and 210 runs batted in. He was being transported by train to a mental hospital in Middletown, New York when he squeezed through a washroom window and fell to the rail bed below.

75 years ago
1936


Died on this date
A. E. Housman, 77
. U.K. poet and classicist. Mr. Housman was best known for his 63-poem cycle A Shropshire Lad (1896). Mr. Housman also produced authoritative editions of classical authors such as Juvenal, Manilius, and Lucan.

70 years ago
1941


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Ferryboat Serenade--The Tic-Toc Rhythm Orchestra; Dick Robertson (1st month at #1)

Died on this date
Edwin S. Porter, 71
. U.S. movie director, producer, and screenwriter. Mr. Porter was one of the most important figures in the early history of motion pictures, beginning his career as a projectionist and then as a cameraman. He produced, directed, wrote, and photographed numerous short films from 1901-1915; his most famous film was The Great Train Robbery (1903). Mr. Porter retired from moviemaking in 1915, and worked as an inventor and designer; he died nine days after his 71st birthday.

War
A German U-boat torpedoed the Canadian passenger ship Nerissa off Ireland, resulting in the loss of 73 Canadian Army personnel. German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler fixed the date for the German invasion of Russia. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill reported that 45,000 of the 60,000 men of the British expeditionary force had successfully evacuated Greece.

Defense
The U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee defeated, by votes of 13-10, two measures opposed to the U.S. Navy's convoying supply ships to Britain. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt asked Rear Admiral Amory Land, chairman of the Maritime Commission, to procure two million tons of shipping, domestic and foreign, to carry supplies to Britain.

Labour
Operators of soft coal mines in the northern United States reopened their mines following a settlement of their 29-day strike, and southern operators ordered their mines reopened on May 1 after signing a temporary agreement with the Congress of Industrial Organizations United Mine Workers of America.

60 years ago
1951


Scandal
A U.S. federal grand jury in Washington, D.C. convicted U.S. Representative Walter Brehm (Republican--Ohio) of illegally taking about $1,000 in salary kickbacks from former employee Mrs. Emma Craven as campaign contributions.

Oil
The United Kingdom offered to accept nationalization of the $560-million Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, which was 53% British-owned, provided Iran agreed to supply Britain with oil.

Labour
The United Labor Policy Committee officially ended its two-month boycott of U.S. government defense agencies because "considerable progress has been made in correcting unjust and unworkable procedures."

Boxing
Rocky Marciano (35-0) won a 10-round unanimous decision over Willis Applegate (11-15-2)in a heavyweight bout before 4,167 fans at Rhode Island Auditorium in Providence.

Baseball
In a three-way trade, the Philadelphia Athletics traded pitcher Lou Brissie to the Cleveland Indians for pitcher Sam Zoldak, catcher Ray Murray, and outfielder Minnie Minoso. The Athletics then traded Mr. Minoso and outfielder Paul Lehner to the Chicago White Sox for outfielders Gus Zernial and Dave Philley. Mr. Minoso, a rookie, was batting .429 in 8 games with the Indians in 1951, while Mr. Murray had hit safely in his only plate appearance with the Indians that year. Mr. Zoldak had yet to make an appearance in a major league game in 1951. Mr. Brissie was 0-2 in 2 games with the Athletics in 1951, while Mr. Lehner was batting .143 in 9 games. Mr. Philley was batting .240 in 7 games with the White Sox, while Mr. Zernial was batting .105 in 4 games.

50 years ago
1961


Defense
K-19, the first Soviet nuclear submarine equipped with nuclear missiles, was commissioned.

Baseball
Willie Mays borrowed the bat of teammate Joey Amalfitano and used it to hit 4 home runs and drive in 8 runs as the San Francisco Giants routed the Milwaukee Braves 14-4 before 13,114 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. Mr. Mays, six days shy of his 30th birthday, became the ninth player in major league history to hit 4 home runs in a game. The most recent to do it before him was Rocky Colavito of the Cleveland Indians in 1959. Orlando Cepeda hit 2 homers for the Giants, and Felipe Alou and Jose Pagan also homered. Hank Aaron drove in all 4 runs for the Braves with a pair of home runs. Billy Loes (2-1) pitched an 8-hit complete game victory.



The Philadelphia Phillies scored 7 runs in the 8th inning and 4 in the 10th as they overcame a 6-0 deficit and defeated the St. Louis Cardinals 11-7 before 8,194 fans at Busch Stadium in St. Louis. Jack Meyer, the third of five Philadelphia pitchers, allowed 2 hits and 2 runs--both earned--in 2 innings, walking 2 batters and strikng out 2 in the 202nd and last game of his 7-year major league career. George Crowe lined out as a pinch hitter for St. Louis in the 8th; it was the 702nd and last game of his 9-year major league career.

40 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Too Young to Be Married--The Hollies

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): (I Never Promised You a) Rose Garden--Lynn Anderson (3rd week at #1)

South Africa's Top 10 (Springbok Radio)
1 Have You Ever Seen the Rain--Creedence Clearwater Revival
2 A Summer Prayer for Peace--The Archies
3 Home--Dave Mills
4 Understanding--Peanutbutter Conspiracy
5 She’s a Lady--Tom Jones
6 What is Life--George Harrison
7 Put Your Hand in the Hand--Alan Garrity
8 Knock Three Times--Dawn
9 Chirpy, Chirpy, Cheep, Cheep--Lally Stott
10 Vicki--Lance James

Singles entering the chart were Hot Love by T. Rex (#19); and Sunny Honey Girl by Cliff Richard (#20).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Joy to the World--Three Dog Night (2nd week at #1)
2 Chick-A-Boom (Don't Ya Jes' Love It)--Daddy Dewdrop
3 I Am...I Said--Neil Diamond
4 Sweet and Innocent--Donny Osmond
5 If--Bread
6 A Country Boy Named Willy--Spring
7 Jodie--Joey Gregorash
8 Another Day--Paul McCartney
9 Friends/Honey Roll--Elton John
10 Timothy--The Buoys

Singles entering the chart were Brown Sugar by the Rolling Stones (#24); Me and My Arrow by Nilsson (#28); Freedom Train by the Trials of Jayson Hoover (#29); and It Don't Come Easy by Ringo Starr (#30).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKVN)
1 Joy to the World--Three Dog Night (2nd week at #1)
2 Broken/Albert Flasher--The Guess Who
3 A Country Boy Named Willy--Spring
4 Lucky Man--Emerson, Lake & Palmer
5 Friends--Elton John
6 Sweet Mary--Argent
7 I was Wondering--The Poppy Family
8 Chick-A-Boom (Don't Ya Jes' Love It)--Daddy Dewdrop
9 Who Do You Love--Tom Rush
10 C'mon--Poco

Terrorism
The Canadian government allowed the anti-terrorist Public Order (Temporary Measures) Act to lapse at midnight; the FLQ was still illegal under the Criminal Code.

Singles entering the chart were Hot Love by T. Rex (#26); Freedom Train by the Trials of Jayson Hoover (#28); and It Don't Come Easy by Ringo Starr (#29).

Energy
Québec Premier Robert Bourassa announced his James Bay project; Hydro Québec was to build a $6-billion hydroelectric power project in the James Bay region, the largest such development ever undertaken in the western hemisphere.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Milwaukee 118 @ Baltimore 106 (Milwaukee won best-of-seven series 4-0)

Oscar Robertson led the Bucks to their first--and so far, only--National Basketball Association championship with 30 points and 9 assists as they completed the sweep of the series before 11,842 fans at Baltimore Civic Center. Milwaukee’s Lew Alcindor, who scored 27 points and grabbed 12 rebounds, was named the finals’ Most Valuable Player. The Bucks won the championship in just their third season in the league.



30 years ago
1981


Hit parade
Edmonton's Top 20 (CHED)
1 Take it on the Run--REO Speedwagon
2 Angel of the Morning--Juice Newton
3 Morning Train (Nine to Five)--Sheena Easton
4 Kiss on My List--Daryl Hall & John Oates
5 Ain’t Even Done with the Night--John Cougar
6 Her Town Too--James Taylor and J.D. Souther
7 High School Confidential--Rough Trade
8 While You See a Chance--Steve Winwood
9 Turning Japanese--The Vapors
10 Just the Two of Us--Grover Washington, Jr.
11 Somebody’s Knockin’--Terri Gibbs
12 Crying--Don McLean
13 Thinking of You--Harlequin
14 Another One Rides the Bus--"Weird Al" Yankovic
15 Rapture--Blondie
16 It Just Occurred to Me--Peter Pringle
17 Sweetheart--Franke and the Knockouts
18 Limelight--Rush
19 Woman--John Lennon
20 I Can’t Stand It--Eric Clapton and his Band

Adventure
Canadians John Lauchlan and James Blench reached the summit of 7,454.5-metre Mt. Gangapurna in the Himalayas by a new south face route.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
New York Rangers 3 @ New York Islanders 7 (Islanders led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Minnesota 2 @ Calgary 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

25 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Dover-Calais--Style (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Robert Stevenson, 81
. U.K.-born U.S. movie and television director. Mr. Stevenson directed films such as Jane Eyre (1944) and I Married a Communist (1949), but was better known for directing films for the Walt Disney Company, including Old Yeller (1957); The Shaggy Dog (1959); The Absent-Minded Professor (1961); and Mary Poppins (1964). His television work included seven episodes of Alfred Hitchcock Presents (1955-1959) and six episodes of Gunsmoke (1955).

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Toronto 1 @ St. Louis 2 (St. Louis won best-of-seven series 4-3)
Calgary 3 @ Edmonton 2 (Calgary won best-of-seven series 4-3)

With the score tied 2-2 with 14:46 remaining in the 3rd period, Edmonton defenseman Steve Smith, attempting to pass the puck, banked it into his own net off the pad of goaltender Grant Fuhr. The goal, credited to Perry Berezan, held up as the winner as the Flames completed the upset of their hated provincial rivals and defending Stanley Cup champions before a stunned crowd at Northlands Coliseum.



Thursday, 28 April 2011

April 29, 2011

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, April Stevens and Ira Zabelina!

920 years ago
1091


War
The combined forces of Byzantine Emperor Alexios I and his Cuman allies defeated an invading force of Pechenegs in the Battle of Levounion in what is now part of Turkey.

490 years ago
1521


War
Swedish troops defeated a Danish force in the Battle of Västerås.

230 years ago
1781


War
British and French ships clashed in the Battle of Fort Royal off the coast of Martinique. After four hours, the British squadron under Admiral Samuel Hood broke off and retreated.

150 years ago
1861


Americana
Maryland's House of Delegates voted against seceding from the Union.

130 years ago
1881


Disasters
In the worst civilian shipwreck in New Zealand waters, 131 of 151 passengers and crew aboard the steamer Tararua died when it struck a reef at Waipapa Point, Southland en route from Port Chalmers to Melbourne.

120 years ago
1891


Transportation
The Canadian Pacific steamship Empress of India arrived in Vancouver from Yokohama to open regular service to the Far East, breaking the Pacific Ocean crossing record by two days. Mail arrived in New York via the Canadian Pacific Railway three and a half days later.

120 years ago
1901


Born on this date
Hirohito
. Emperor of Japan, 1926-1989. Hirohito, now referred to in Japan as Emperor Shôwa, was named Regent of Japan on November 29, 1921 in place of his ailing father Emperor Taishô, and acceded to the throne upon his father's death on December 25, 1926. He was worshipped as a god by the Japanese people at the time he succeeded to the throne, and this worship helped to inspire Japanese aggression in World War II. When Japan surrendered to the Allies, Hirohito was forced to abandon his status as a deity, ruling as a constitutional monarch for the rest of his life, while avoiding prosecution as a war criminal. Hirohito died on January 7, 1989 at the age of 87, and was succeeded as Emperor by his son Akihito.

Horse racing
His Eminence, with Jimmy Winkfield up, won the 27th running of the Kentucky Derby at Churchill Downs in Louisville in a time of 2:07.75. Sannazarro placed second and Driscoll finished third in the five-horse field.

110 years ago
1911


Academia
Tsinghua University, one of mainland China's leading universities, was founded in Beijing.

80 years ago
1931


Baseball
Wes Ferrell (4-1) pitched the American League’s first no-hitter in five years to lead the Cleveland Indians past the St. Louis Browns 9-0 before 7,000 fans at League Park in Cleveland. Mr. Ferrell struck out 8 and also batted in 4 runs with a home run and a double. His brother Rick, catching for the Browns, almost got a hit when he beat out a grounder that was ruled an error. Sam Gray (1-3) took the loss.

75 years ago
1936


Baseball
Nagoya defeated Daitokyo 8-5 in the first professional game played in Japan.

Both starting pitchers went the distance, with Roy Parmelee (2-1) winning the duel over Carl Hubbell (2-1), as the St. Louis Cardinals edged the New York Giants 2-1 in 17 innings before 3,700 fans at Sportsman’s Park in St. Louis.

In a 7-3 loss to the Washington Nationals before 6,000 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington, the Detroit Tigers lost first baseman Hank Greenberg for the rest of the season when he broke his left wrist in a collision with Washington outfielder Jake Powell in the 6th inning. Mr. Powell was largely suspected of deliberately inflicting the injury out of a dislike for Jews.

70 years ago
1941


War
Berlin sources claimed that German troops had reached the southern end of the Peloponnesus peninsula. Reports from Cairo stated that British Imperial troops aided by a furious sandstorm had halted an Axis advance from Libya just inside Egypt. The Japan Times Advertiser published exploratory peace terms to end the present war and establish a new world order with Germany dominating Europe; Germany and Italy controlling Africa; The U.S.A. dominating the Western Hemisphere; Japan ruling Asia; and the British Empire continuing in restricted form. The Mexican government revealed that Italy had seized three Mexican-owned, Italian-built tankers in reprisal for the Mexican seizure of 10 Italian ships.

Defense
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt said that he had full authority to send the U.S. Navy on neutrality patrol into any war zone, including that around Britain if he deemed it necessary for the defense of the Western Hemisphere. U.S. Senator Gerald Nye (Republican--North Dakota) introduced a resolution requiring the President to obtain congressional permission before using the Navy to convoy ships to Britain. U.S. War Secretary Henry Stimson accepted without comment the resignation of Colonel Charles Lindbergh from the United States Army; Col. Lindbergh was an outspoken opponent of possible U.S. entry into the European war.

Diplomacy
Costa Rica expelled Karl Bayer as the first move of a government campaign to end Nazi propaganda.

Medicine
Dr. Ernest Witebsky of the University of Buffalo Medical School reported a new test for diagnosing trichinosis in human beings.

Law
Québec law was reformed to admit women to the Bar (Barreau du Québec).

Economics and finance
Canadian Finance Minister J. L. Ilsley called special taxes "a temporary wartime expedient" in his budget speech to the House of Commons; he warned of a probable $500-million deficit.

U.S. Commerce Secretary Jesse Jones predicted a national debt of at least $90 million.

Baseball
The National League’s Boston team changed its name from Bees back to Braves, the name it had had prior to 1936.

70 years ago
1951


Died on this date
Ludwig Wittgenstein, 62
. Austro-Hungarian-born U.K. philosopher. Dr. Wittgenstein worked primarily in logic, and the philosophies of mathematics, mind, and language. He was a a contemporary of Bertrand Russell and Karl Popper, and taught at the University of Cambridge from 1939-1947. Dr. Wittgenstein died three days after his 62nd birthday. His book Philosophical Investigations, considered a classic in the field, was published in 1953.

Vijaysinhji, 61. Maharaja of Rajpila, 1915-1951. Vijaysinhji succeeded his father Chhatrasinhji as Maharana of the princely state of Rajpipla, and eventually received the title of Maharaja. He initiated numerous public works and political reforms, but was perhaps best known for his patronage of sports, especially horse racing. The maharaja owned horses that won the Indian Derby, Irish Derby, and Epsom Derby. Maharaja Vijaysinhji owned an estate in England at Old Windsor, where he died, three years after Rajpipla had merged with the Indian Union. Vijaysinhji was succeeded as Maharaja of Rajpipla by his eldest son Rajendrasinhji.

Politics and government
Nationalist Front leader Mohammed Mossadegh was named Prime Minister of Iran, two days after the resignation of Hussein Ala.

Oil
Parliamentary supporters of new Iranian Prime Minister Mohammed Mossadegh enacted a law to nationalize the country's oil industry.

Economics and finance
West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer warned that companies trading illegally with Soviet bloc countries would be deprived of necessary raw materials.

50 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Surrender--Elvis Presley (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: Jealous of You--Connie Francis (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Babysitter-Boogie--Ralf Bendix (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Wooden Heart--Elvis Presley (4th week at #1); You're Driving Me Crazy--The Temperance Seven

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Runaway--Del Shannon (2nd week at #1)
2 Mother-in-Law--Ernie K-Doe
3 Blue Moon--The Marcels
4 A Hundred Pounds of Clay--Gene McDaniels
5 (I Don’t Know Why) But I Do--Clarence "Frogman" Henry
6 I’ve Told Every Little Star--Linda Scott
7 You Can Depend on Me--Brenda Lee
8 On the Rebound--Floyd Cramer
9 One Mint Julep--Ray Charles
10 Take Good Care of Her--Adam Wade

Singles entering the chart were That Old Black Magic by Bobby Rydell (#77); He Needs Me by Gloria Lynne (#84); Little Egypt (Ying-Yang) by the Coasters (#89); Buzz Buzz A-Diddle-It by Freddy Cannon (#90); Little Devil by Neil Sedaka (#94); You’re Gonna Need Magic by Roy Hamilton (#96); The Bilbao Song by Andy Williams (#97); The Kissin’ Game by Dion (#99); Pick Me Up on Your Way Down by Pat Zill (#100); I'm a Fool to Care by Joe Barry (also #100); and Good Goodby by the Bob Knight Four (also #100).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CFUN)
1 Runaway--Del Shannon (5th week at #1)
2 Running Scared--Roy Orbison
3 Shy Away--Jerry Fuller
4 Hello Mary Lou--Ricky Nelson
5 After the Hurricane--Paul Evans
6 Theme for a Dream--Cliff Richard and the Shadows
7 The Great Snow Man--Bob Luman
8 A Hundred Pounds of Clay--Gene McDaniels
9 Tragedy--The Fleetwoods
10 On the Rebound--Floyd Cramer

Singles entering the chart were Little Devil by Neil Sedaka (#29); Moody River by Pat Boone (#37); Underwater by the Frogmen (#42); Louisiana Mama by Gene Pitney (#43); What'd I Say by Jerry Lee Lewis (#44); The Wayward Wind by Gogi Grant (#45); Triangle by Janie Grant (#46); Everyday by Bobby Lee (#47); Daddy's Home by Shep and the Limelites (#49); and Lullaby of the Leaves by the Ventures (#50). The Wayward Wind was a re-release of Miss Grant's hit from 1956.

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 Running Scared--Roy Orbison (3rd week at #1)
2 Runaway--Del Shannon
3 Little Devil--Neil Sedaka
4 Theme for a Dream--Cliff Richard and the Shadows
5 After the Hurricane--Paul Evans
6 Flaming Star--Elvis Presley
7 Little Egypt (Ying-Yang)--The Coasters
8 The Great Snow Man--Bob Luman
9 Hello Mary Lou/Travelin' Man--Ricky Nelson
10 Peanut Butter--The Marathons

Singles entering the chart were She Wears My Ring by Jimmy Bell (#25); That Old Black Magic by Bobby Rydell (#34); Happy Ending by Teddy Randazzo (#38); Hello Walls by Faron Young (#39); and Triangle by Janie Grant (#40).

On television today
Wide World of Sports, produced by Roone Arledge and hosted by Jim McKay, debuted on ABC. The initial broadcast featured Bob Richards calling the Penn Relays from Franklin Field in Philadelphia, and Jim Simpson and Bill Flemming calling the Drake Relays from Drake Stadium in Des Moines, Iowa.

The Roaring 20's, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Mademoiselle from Armentieres

Boxing
Doug Jones (18-0) knocked down Pete Rademacher (13-4-1) four times and finally knocked him out in the 5th round of a heavyweight bout at St. Nicholas Arena in New York City.

40 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Non, non rien n'a changé--Les Poppys (5th week at #1)

Politics and government
Communications Minister Eric Kierans announced his resignation from the cabinet of Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau as a result of disagreement with Mr. Trudeau's policies on employment and foreign investment. Mr. Kierans supported a policy of full employment.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Chicago 2 @ New York 3 (3 OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)
Montreal 3 @ Minnesota 2 (Montreal won best-of-seven series 4-2)

Pete Stemkowski scored his second overtime goal of the series against Tony Esposito, this one at 1:29 of the 3rd overtime period, to give the Rangers their win over the Black Hawks at Madison Square Garden. Chicago had led 2-0, but the Rangers came back, with Jean Ratelle scoring the tying goal.



Rejean Houle scored the winning goal for the Canadiens at Metropolitan Sports Center in Bloomington as they defeated the North Stars to advance to the finals. Ken Dryden won the goaltending duel over Cesare Maniago.

Baseball
The Montreal Expos scored 6 runs in the last 3 innings to edge the Chicago Cubs 7-6 before 7,889 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. The Cubs scored 5 runs in the bottom of the 6th to take a 6-1 lead.

Ken Henderson, Tito Fuentes, and Hal Lanier hit consecutive run-scoring singles in the top of the 13th inning to break a 2-2 tie as the San Francisco Giants defeated the Atlanta Braves 5-2 before 6,194 fans at Atlanta Stadium.

Duke Sims singled home Manny Mota with the bases loaded and none out in the top of the 9th inning to break a 1-1 tie as the Los Angeles Dodgers edged the Pittsburg Pirates 2-1 before 5,031 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh. The teams combined for just 13 hits.

Nolan Ryan (2-0) and Danny Frisella combined to pitch a 3-hitter for the New York Mets as they shut out the St. Louis Cardinals 7-0 before 10,215 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. The Mets scored a run in the 6th innings and put the game away with 6 runs in the 7th.

Don Buford led off the 8th inning with a home run to break a 2-2 tie as the Baltimore Orioles edged the Oakland Athletics 3-2 before 3,320 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Boog Powell hit a 2-run homer with 2 out in the top of the 1st to give Baltimore an early lead, and Dave Duncan hit a 2-run homer to tie the score in the bottom of the 2nd. Jim Palmer (4-0) pitched an 8-hitter to outduel Rollie Fingers (1-3), who allowed just 5 hits, and struck out 10 batters.



The Chicago White Sox used 4 pinch hitters in the top of the 7th inning, resulting in 3 singles and an intentional walk, helping to produce 4 runs as they held on to defeat the Washington Senators 5-4 before 3,681 fans at Robert F. Kennedy Stadium in Washington. Bernie Allen hit a 2-run home run for the Senators with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th, but Jim French grounded out to second base and pinch hitter Joe Foy struck out to end the game.

30 years ago
1981


Popular culture
The first Drummondville Folklore Festival opened in Drummondville, Quebec, featuring dance troupes from more than 20 countries.

Crime
Truck driver Peter Sutcliffe admitted in a London court to being the "Yorkshire Ripper," the killer of 13 women in northern England over five years.

Baseball
Steve Carlton (4-0) struck out 9 batters to become the first lefthanded major league pitcher to achieve 3,000 career strikeouts as the Philadelphia Phillies beat the Montreal Expos 6-2 before 30,142 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia. Mr. Carlton reached the magic mark by striking out Tim Raines, Jerry Manuel, and Tim Wallach in the 1st inning.

25 years ago
1986


Baseball
Roger Clemens (4-0) set a major league record for strikeouts by a pitcher in a 9-inning game with 20 as the Boston Red Sox defeated the Seattle Mariners 3-1 before 13,414 fans at Fenway Park in Boston.

The New York Yankees scored 9 runs in the 7th inning as they beat the Minnesota Twins 14-11 before 13,213 fans at Yankee Stadium. Ed Whitson (2-1) was the winning pitcher despite allowing 6 hits and 5 runs--all earned--in 3.1 innings. The Twins scored 4 runs in the 9th, the last 3 coming on a home run by Billy Beane, who batted 5 for 5 with 2 runs and 4 runs batted in. The teams combined to hit 7 home runs.

Mario Soto (2-2) of the Cincinnati Reds tied a dubious major league record by giving up 4 home runs in the same inning--to Andre Dawson, Hubie Brooks, Tim Wallach, and Mike Fitzgerald--as the Expos beat the Reds 7-4 before 13,289 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati.

20 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Lady Navigation--B'z (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Se mustamies--Hausmylly (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Joyride--Roxette (4th week at #1)

On television tonight
Hollywood Detective, on A&E
Tonight's episode: Blind Faith

Environment
Canadian Environment Minister Jean Charest announced a $100-million program to clean up toxic sites and contaminated waste dumps in the Arctic.

Energy
Denison Mines announced that it would close its uranium plant in Elliot Lake, Ontario, putting 1,000 people out of work. The company blamed high costs and cancellation of the Ontario Hydro supply contract.

Disasters
A cyclone struck the Chittagong district of southeastern Bangladesh with winds of around 155 miles per hour (249 kilometres per hour), killing at least 138,000 people and leaving as many as 10 million homeless.

The 7.0 Mw Racha earthquake affected Georgia with a maximum MSK intensity of IX (Destructive),killing 270 people.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Montreal 1 @ Boston 2 (Boston won best-of-seven series 4-3)

10 years ago
2001


Died on this date
Arthur Walker, 64
. U.S. physicist. Dr. Walker worked with the U.S. Air Force and the Aerospace Corporation before going to Stanford University, where he worked from 1974 until his death. He was most noted for having developed normal incidence multilayer XUV telescopes to photograph the solar corona. Dr. Walker died of cancer.

Baseball
After getting 3 home runs and 6 runs batted in the day before, Geoff Jenkins batted 4 for 6 with 2 homers, a double, 3 runs, and 6 RBIs to lead the Milwaukee Brewers over the Montreal Expos 10-0 before 32,700 fans at Miller Park in Milwaukee. Jamey Wright (3-2) pitched a 2-hit shutout.

April 28, 2011

400 years ago
1611


Academia
The Pontifical and Royal University of Santo Tomas, The Catholic University of the Philippines, was established by Miguel de Benavides, Archbishop of Manila, as the largest Roman Catholic university in the world.

230 years ago
1781


Died on this date
Cornelius Harnett, 58
. American politician. Mr. Harnett was a plantation owner who held various offices in the province of North Carolina; he represented North Carolina in the Continental Congress (1777-1779). When British forces occupied Wilmington, N.C. in January 1781, they captured and imprisoned Mr. Harnett; his health declined, and he died 18 days after his 58th birthday, shortly after being released on parole.

130 years ago
1881


Crime
Billy the Kid escaped from the Lincoln County, New Mexico jail, killing two deputies on guard.

120 years ago
1891


Transportation
RMS Empress of India, carrying 486 passengers and a cargo of tea and silk became the first of the Canadian Pacific Steamships "Empress" liners to arrive at Vancouver harbour, via the Suez Canal and Hong Kong. Canadian Pacific Steamships had signed a contract for subsidized mail service between Britain and Hong Kong via Canada.

100 years ago
1911


Born on this date
Lee Falk
. U.S. cartoonist, director, and producer. Mr. Falk, born Leon Gross, was best known for creating the comic strips Mandrake the Magician and The Phantom. He produced about 300 plays, and directed about 100. Mr. Falk died on March 13, 1999 at the age of 87.

Aviation
The first aeroplane flight in Alberta was made in Edmonton by Bob St. Henry.

75 years ago
1936


Died on this date
Fuad I, 68
. Sultan of Egypt, 1917-1922; King of Egypt, 1922-1936. Fuad I succeeded his elder brother Hussein Kamel on the throne, and changed his title from Sultan to King in 1922, after the United Kingdom recognized Egypt's independence. He was succeeded as King by his son Farouk.

Boxing
Jersey Joe Walcott (13-2) knocked out Joe Colucci (14-22-5) in the 4th round of a heavyweight bout at Convention Hall in Camden, New Jersey.

70 years ago
1941


War
The German advance continued in Greece. New Zealand Army Sergeant Jack Hinton earned the Victoria Cross for leading a counterattack against invading German troops in Kalamata.

Abominations
The Croatian nationalist organization Ustaše massacred nearly 200 Serbs in the village of Gudovac, the first massacre of their genocidal campaign against Serbs of the Independent State of Croatia.

Defense
Famed aviator Charles Lindbergh, an outspoken opponent of potential U.S. entry into the European war, wrote President Franklin D. Roosevelt that in view of Mr. Roosevelt's remarks "concerning my loyalty," he was resigning his commission as a colonel in the Army Air Corps.

Society
In a case brought by U.S. Representative Arthur Mitchell (Democrat--Illinois), the only Negro member of Congress, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled unanimously that Negroes were entitled to Pullman car accommodation and other first-class services equal to those that white passengers received on passenger trains.

Labour
Operators of soft coal mines in the Southern United States accepted President Roosevelt's request to reopen the mines and continue wage discussions, ending the 28-day Appalachian coal strike of 400,000 miners. The U.S. National Association of Manufacturers condemned strikes as "a major bottleneck" in defense production, claiming that over three million man-days had been lost during the first three months of 1941 as a result of strikes, more than half of them in defense industries.

60 years ago
1951


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Nevertheless (I'm in Love with You)--Paul Weston and his Orchestra with the Norman Luboff Choir (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): How High the Moon--Les Paul and Mary Ford (Best Seller--2nd week at #1; Disc Jockey--1st week at #1); If--Perry Como (Jukebox--5th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Mockin’ Bird Hill--Les Paul and Mary Ford (2nd week at #1)
--Patti Page
2 Be My Love--Mario Lanza
3 If--Perry Como
4 Aba Daba Honeymoon--Debbie Reynolds and Carleton Carpenter
5 On Top of Old Smoky--The Weavers and Terry Gilkyson
--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
6 Would I Love You (Love You, Love You)--Patti Page
7 Beautiful Brown Eyes--Rosemary Clooney
8 My Heart Cries for You--Guy Mitchell
--Dinah Shore
--Vic Damone
--Jimmy Wakely
9 You’re Just in Love--Perry Como
10 Sparrow in the Tree Top--Guy Mitchell
--Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters

Singles entering the chart were We Kissed in a Shadow, with versions by Frank Sinatra; and Perry Como (#31); Too Late Now by Toni Arden (#32); Faithfully Yours by Tony Martin (#33); and I Love the Way You Say Goodnight by Dean Martin (#37).

War
U.S. and U.K. forces in Korea withdrew to a line four miles north of Seoul in the face of strong Chinese Communist attacks.

Diplomacy
The Hungarian government released International Telephone & Telegraph Vice President and alleged spy Robert Vogeler after 17 months' imprisonment in return for several U.S. concessions, incuding reopening of the Hungarian consulates in New York and Cleveland, and the return of $70 million in Hungarian property confiscated by the Nazis and still held in the American zone of Germany.

Politics and government
Prime Minister Robert Menzies led his Liberal Party/Country Party coalition to victory in the Australian federal election. The coalition won 69 of 121 seats in the House of Representatives--down from 74 in the most recent election in 1949--while the Labour Party, led by Ben Chifley, increased from 47 to 52 seats. The coalition achieved a majority in the Senate, taking 32 seats--an increase of 6--to 28 for Labour.



U.S. President Harry Truman authorized the dismissal of federal employees or denial of jobs to applicants on "reasonable doubt" as to their loyalty to the United States.

World events
The Paraguayan government announced the arrest in Asuncion of Captain Bartolome Araujo, leader of troops who rebelled in northern Paraguay during the 1947 civil war.

Science
California Institute of Technology physicist Robert Leighton reported the discovery of the long-sought negative proton, one of the rarest of fundamental cosmic ray particles.

Oil
Sheik Abdullah of Kuwait asked the U.S.- and U.K.-owned Kuwait Oil Company to raise his royalties to $200,000 per day.

50 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): You're Driving Me Crazy--The Temperance Seven

On television tonight
The Twilight Zone, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: The Silence, starring Franchot Tone, Liam Sullivan, and Jonathan Harris

Died on this date
Tommy Connolly, 90
. U.K.-born U.S. baseball umpire. Mr. Connolly, a native of Manchester, emigrated to the United States with his family in 1885, and soon became interested in baseball. He umpired in the New England League (1894-1897) and moved up to the National League in 1898. Unhappy with NL President Nicholas Young's reluctance to back up the league's umpires, Mr. Connolly resigned early in the 1900 season, and joined the American League when the AL began operating as a major league in 1901. He worked in the AL for the next 30 years, establishing a reputation as the league's best umpire. Mr. Connolly was removed from field duty in June 1931 by American League President Will Harridge, who was concerned about the quality of the league's umpires. Mr. Connolly was made the AL's supervisor of umpires, holding that position in 1954, coming out of retirement to work in one game in 1932. He worked 4,770 regular season major league games in 35 yers (1898-1932), and 45 World Series games in 8 years. Mr. Connolly was inducted into the Honor Rolls of Baseball in 1946; with Bill Klem of the National League, he was one of the first two umpires inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1953.

Baseball
Warren Spahn (2-1), 40, pitched his second career no-hitter as the Milwaukee Braves edged the San Francisco Giants 1-0 before 8,518 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. His first no-hitter had come the previous September 16 at home against the Philadelphia Phillies. Hank Aaron singled home Frank Bolling with the game’s only run with 2 out in the bottom of the 1st inning off losing pitcher Sam Jones (2-1), who allowed 5 hits and struck out 10 batters.

40 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Double Barrel--Dave and Ansel Collins

At the movies
Bananas, co-written and directed by Woody Allen, and starring Mr. Allen, Louise Lasser, Howard Cosell, and Carlos Montalban, opened in theatres.



Boxing
Cleveland Williams (75-11-1) won a 10-round majority decision over Ted Gullick (15-3) in a heavyweight bout at Cleveland Arena.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Baltimore 99 @ Milwaukee 107 (Milwaukee led best-of-seven series 3-0)

Bob Dandridge scored 29 points and grabbed 10 rebounds, while Lew Alcindor added 23 points and 21 rebounds for the Bucks as they defeated the Bullets before 10,746 fans at Milwaukee Arena. Jack Marin led Baltimore scorers with 21 points, while Wes Unseld scored 20 points and grabbed 23 rebounds.

30 years ago
1981


Hit parade
Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Kiss on My List--Daryl Hall & John Oates (5th week at #1)
2 Keep on Loving You--REO Speedwagon
3 Morning Train (Nine to Five)--Sheena Easton
4 Angel of the Morning--Juice Newton
5 While You See a Chance--Steve Winwood
6 Somebody's Knockin'--Terri Gibbs
7 I Can't Stand It--Eric Clapton and his Band
8 You Better You Bet--The Who
9 Ain't Even Done with the Night--John Cougar
10 Take it on the Run--REO Speedwagon

Singles entering the chart were Take it on the Run; and Bette Davis Eyes by Kim Carnes (#20).

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
New York Rangers 2 @ New York Islanders 5 (Islanders led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Minnesota 4 @ Calgary 1 (Minnesota led best-of-seven series 1-0)

25 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Chain Reaction--Diana Ross (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Si Tú Eres Mi Hombre y Yo Tu Mujer (The Power of Love)--Jennifer Rush (4th week at #1)

Disasters
The U.S.S.R. admitted that there had been an accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in Ukraine.

Defense
The United States Navy aircraft carrier USS Enterprise became the first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier to transit the Suez Canal, navigating from the Red Sea to the Mediterranean Sea to relieve the USS Coral Sea.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
St. Louis 3 @ Toronto 5 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)
Edmonton 5 @ Calgary 2 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

20 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Trippin'--Push Push (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Joyride--Roxette (4th week at #1)

Austria's Top 10 (Ö3)
1 Joyride--Roxette (5th week at #1)
2 No Coke--Dr. Alban
3 Secret Love--Bee Gees
4 How to Dance--Bingoboys featuring Princessa
5 Should I Stay or Should I Go--The Clash
6 Sister Soul & Mr. Beat--Beat 4 Feet featuring Kim Cooper
7 Crazy--Seal
8 Gonna Make You Sweat (Everybody Dance Now)--C & C Music Factory featuring Freedom Williams
9 Blue Hotel--Chris Isaak
10 (I Wanna Give You) Devotion--Nomad featuring MC Mikee Freedom

Singles entering the chart were Where the Streets Have No Name (I Can't Take My Eyes Off You) by Pet Shop Boys (#14); One More Try by Timmy T (#20); You Got the Love (Erens Bootleg Mix) by The Source featuring Candi Staton (#25); Too Late (True Love) by the Real Milli Vanilli (#26); Venedig im Regen by Thomas Forstner (#27); and Wiggle It by 2 in a Room (#30).

Died on this date
Ken Curtis, 74
. U.S. actor and singer. Mr. Curtis, born Curtis Gates, sang with the orchestras of Tommy Dorsey and Shep Fields before joining the Sons of the Pioneers from 1949-1953. He was best known for playing Festus Haggen in the television Western series Gunsmoke from 1963-1975.

Economics and finance
Ontario Treasurer Floyd Laughren presented a $52.8-billion spending budget that would triple the provincial deficit to a record $9.7 billion; Mr. Laughren went against the advice of the federal government of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney.

Hockey
IIHF Men’s World Championship
Group A
Czechoslovakia (3-4) 4 Canada (4-2-1) 3
U.S.S.R. (6-0-1) 5 Sweden (3-0-4) 5
Switzerland (1-6) 5 Germany (0-6-1) 2
U.S.A. (3-2-2) 2 Finland (3-3-1) 1

NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
St. Louis 2 @ Minnesota 3 (Minnesota led best-of-seven series 4-2)
Los Angeles 3 @ Edmonton 4 (OT) (Edmonton won best-of-series 4-2)

Baseball
The Minnesota Twins defeated the Seattle Mariners 8-2 before 18,039 fans at Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis as Jack Morris (2-3) allowed 7 hits and 2 earned runs in 6 innings to get his 200th career major league win.

10 years ago
2001


Space
Dennis Tito, 60, a billionaire businessman and former NASA employee from California, became the first paying passenger to go into space, aboard Soyuz TM-32, a Russian mission with a crew of Talgat Musabayev (Commander) and Yuri Baturin (Flight Engineer).

Baseball
Geoff Jenkins hit 3 home runs and drove in 6 runs to lead the Milwaukee Brewers past the Montreal Expos 8-4 before 40,877 fans at Miller Park in Milwaukee.

Wednesday, 27 April 2011

April 27, 2011

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Rod Crossley!

1,300 years ago
711


War
Moorish troops led by Tariq ibn Ziyad landed at Gibraltar to begin their invasion of the Iberian Peninsula (Al-Andalus).

490 years ago
1521

Died on this date
Ferdinand Magellan, 40-41(?)
. Portuguese explorer. Mr. Magellan reached the Malay Archipelago in Southeast Asia travelling east (1505-1511/1512). King Manuel I of Portugal refused to support his plan to reach India by a new route, but King Carlos I of Spain hired Mr. Magellan to search for a westward route to the Maluku (Spice) Islands. He led an expedition to accomplish the first circumnavigation of the Earth, leaving Seville in August 1519. Mr. Magellan and his party arrived in the Philippines on March 16, 1521, and he converted as many as 2,200 locals to Christianity. Lapulapu, the Datu (leader) of Mactan, resisted conversion, and Mr. Magellan sailed to the island. In the resulting battle, he was hit by a bamboo spear and finished off by other weapons. Juan Sebastián Elcano completed the circumnavigation after Mr. Magellan's death.

War
The forces of Lapulapu defeated a Spanish force fighting for Rajah Humabon of Cebu under the command of Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan in the Battle of Mactan, resulting in the death of Mr. Magellan and the departure of the Spanish crew from the archipelago.

220 years ago
1791


Born on this date
Samuel Morse
. U.S. artist and inventor. Mr. Morse was a portrait painter before he became famous for inventing the most widely-used version of the telegraph, and co-inventing the Morse code method of telegraphy. He died on April 2, 1872, 25 days before his 81st birthday.

170 years ago
1841


Politics and government
Sir William McBean George Colebrooke is appointed Lieutenant-Governor of New Brunswick, having previously been Lieutenant-Governor of the Leeward Islands and Antigua.

150 years ago
1861


Abominations
U.S. President Abraham Lincoln suspended the writ of habeas corpus.

120 years ago
1891


Born on this date
Sergei Prokoviev
. Russian composer. Mr. Prokofiev, who had to put up with interference and restrictions imposed by Mr. Stalin's regime, wrote seven symphonies, five piano concertos, nine piano sonatas, and other compositions such as Peter and the Wolf and the score for the movie Alexander Nevsky (1938). He died on March 5, 1953 at the age of 61.

Politics and government
Frederick Peters was sworn in as Premier of Prince Edward Island, replacing Neil McLeod.

100 years ago
1911


Born on this date
Bruno Beger
. German anthropologist and ethnologist. Mr. Beger worked for the SS think tank Ahnenerbe, participating in Ernst Schäfer's 1938–39 journey to Tibet, helping the Race and Settlement Office of the SS identify Jews, and later helping select human subjects to be killed to create an anatomical study collection of Jewish skeletons during World War II. In February 1948 he was exonerated by a denazification panel unaware of the skeletons, but after a decade-long investigation, was convicted in 1971 and served three years' probation for being an accomplice in the murder of 86 Jews. Mr. Beger died on October 12, 2009 at the age of 98.

Politics and government
Following the resignation of Senator William P. Frye (Republican--Maine), a compromise was reached to rotate the office of President pro tempore of the United States Senate.

80 years ago
1931


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Richard Gordon and Leigh Lovell, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: The Solitary Cyclist

75 years ago
1936


Labour
The United Auto Workers (UAW) gained its autonomy from the American Federation of Labor.

70 years ago
1941


War
German troops entered Athens at 9:25 A.M. and hoisted the Nazi flag over the Acropolis; the last British Imperial forces defending the city had withdrawn from the Peloponnesus or evacuated to Egypt or Crete. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, in a broadcast from London, hailed the extension of the U.S. neutrality patrol, declaring that now the "eventual defeat of Hitler and Mussolini is certain." He admitted the seriousness of the Allied defeat in Greece, and predicted a German attack on Russia or another country. U.S. Senator Burton K. Wheeler (Democrat--Montana), adressing 9,000 people at an America First Committee rallly in Chicago, charged that U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt was preparing the nation for a declaration of war.

Defense
Former U.S. Ambassador to France William C. Bullitt told a United China Relief rally that the United States should aid China and the United Kingdom even at the cost of war.

Radio
General Electric Company announced that 1941-42 radio models would be virtually frozen and that the company's resources for research and development would be turned over to defense production.

Politics and government
The Communist Party of Slovenia, the Slovene Christian Socialists, the left-wing Slovene Sokols (also known as "National Democrats") and a group of progressive intellectuals established the Liberation Front of the Slovene Nation.

Baseball
Stockholders of the Boston Bees agreed to change the team's name back to Braves, the name it had had prior to 1936.

60 years ago
1951


On the radio
Hear it Now, hosted by Edward R. Murrow, on CBS

Tonight's program included news on the Communist offensive in Korea.

Defense
The U.S.A. and Denmark announced a new 20-year agreement on the defense of Greenland, leaving Denmark in control of Greenland's naval and air bases but permitting the United States and other Atlantic pact countries to use them. The U.S. could also station troops in Greenland and administer some vital districts jointly with the Danes.

Politics and governnment
Hussein Ala resigned as Prime Minister of Iran on the grounds that he lacked support n his efforts to promote a compromise between Iranians backing oil nationalization and British demands for protection.

Archaeology
University of Pennsylvania anthropologist Carleton Coon reported the discovery of evidence in Iran that true man lived as far back as 75,000 years ago.

50 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (Lever Hit Parade): Are You Sure--The Allisons

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Wooden Heart--Elvis Presley (6th week at #1)

On television tonight
The Untouchables, starring Robert Stack, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Death for Sale



At the movies
The Guns of Navarone, directed by J. Lee Thompson, and starring Gregory Peck, David Niven, and Anthony Quinn, received its premiere screening at the Odeon Leicester Square in London, with Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip among those in attendance.



Died on this date
Frank Gibson, 70
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Gibson was a catcher with the Detroit Tigers (1913) and Boston Braves (1921-1927), batting .274 with 8 home runs and 146 runs batted in in 471 games. He played at least 1,169 games in at least 14 seasons in the minor leagues (1911-1920, 1928-1931).

Roy Del Ruth, 67. U.S. film director, producer, and screenwriter. Mr. Del Ruth began his career as a writer for Mack Sennett's silent comedy films in 1915, and directed his first movie in 1919. His films included The Maltese Falcon (1931) and Blonde Crazy (1931). Mr. Del Ruth died of a heart attack.

Space
The U.S.A. launched Explorer 11, a satellite that orbited a special telescope for mapping gamma rays from cosmic sources, from Cape Canaveral, Florida.

Africana
Sierra Leone became an independent nation after more than 150 years of British colonial rule.

Journalism
U.S. President John F. Kennedy spoke about the issues of information and secrecy in government in an address to the American Newspaper Publishers Association.



Baseball
The Cincinnati Reds traded catcher Ed Bailey to the San Francisco Giants for second baseman Don Blasingame, catcher Bob Schmidt, and a player to be named later; pitcher Sherman Jones was sent to the Reds on May 13 to complete the deal. Mr. Bailey was batting .302 with no home runs and 2 runs batted in in 12 games with Cincinnati in 1961; Mr. Schmidt was hitting .167 (1 for 6) with no homers and 1 RBI in 2 games with San Francisco, while Mr. Blasingame was 0 for 1 with 2 bases on balls and no RBIs in 3 games.

Only 11,931 were in attendance at Wrigley Field in Los Angeles for the first home game of the Los Angeles Angels of the American League. The Angels lost 4-2 to the Minnesota Twins, who were led by the pitching of Camilo Pascual (2-0). Detroit Tigers’ legend Ty Cobb threw out the first ball; it was his last appearance at a ballpark.

40 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Kvällstoppen): Rose Garden--Lynn Anderson (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): (I Never Promised You a) Rose Garden--Lynn Anderson (3rd week at #1)

Politics and government
Park Chung-hee, the Democratic Republican candidate, was re-elected to a third four-year term as President of South Korea, taking 53.2% of the vote to 45.3% for New Democratic candidate Kim Dae-jung. It was the last contested presidential election in South Korea until 1981.

Protest
More than 40 people were forcibly removed from a courtrooom in Carmarthen, Wales after they disrupted preliminary hearings of eight members of the Welsh Language Society who were facing vandalism charges.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Minnesota 1 @ Montreal 6 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 3-2)
New York 2 @ Chicago 3 (OT) (Chicago led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Jean Beliveau picked up 3 assists in the 3rd period of the Canadiens’ win over the North Stars at the Montreal Forum, giving him a record total of 94 career assists in Stanley Cup play, 3 more than Gordie Howe.

Bobby Hull scored the winning goal for the Black Hawks at 6:35 of the 1st overtime period against the Rangers at Chicago Stadium.



Baseball
Curt Flood, who had attempted a comeback after sitting out the 1970 season while challenging the legality of the reserve clause in baseball contracts, quit the Washington Senators after just 13 games (batting .200) and departed for Denmark.

Hank Aaron of the Atlanta Braves hit his 600th career major league home run, but the Braves lost 6-5 to the San Francisco Giants when Willie Mays, another member of the 600-homer club, singled home Hal Lanier with the winning run with 2 out in the top of the 10th inning before 13,494 fans at Atlanta Stadium. Mr. Mays finished the game batting 4 for 6 with a double, run, and 2 runs batted in.

The Los Angeles Dodgers scored 4 runs in the 7th inning and 3 in the 8th as they defeated the Pittsburgh Pirates 7-5 before 6,518 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh. Richie Hebner hit his first home run of the season as a pinch hitter for the Pirates in the 8th inning, and Pittsburgh left fielder Willie Stargell homered with 1 out in the 9th, setting a major league record with his 11th home run in the month of April.

Felipe Alou singled home Roy White from third base with 1 out in the bottom of the 12th inning to give the New York Yankees a 6-5 win over the Chicago White Sox before 7,009 fans at Yankee Stadium.

Pinch hitter John Stephenson scored Alex Johnson with a sacrifice fly to tie the score and Ken McMullen followed with a single to drive home Tony Conigliaro with the winning run as the California Angels scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 9th inning to defeat the Cleveland Indians 2-1 before 6,692 fans at Anaheim Stadium. Cleveland starting pitcher Ray Lamb allowed just 3 hits through 8.1 innings, but was relieved by Camilo Pascual (1-2) after Alex Johnson singled. Mr. Pascual gave up a double to Mr. Conigliaro and was then relieved by Steve Mingori. Ken Harrelson hit a home run for the Indians to lead off the 2nd inning; it was the only run off Andy Messersmith, who allowed 5 hits in 8 innings before being relieved by Lloyd Allen (2-0).

30 years ago
1981


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): 9 to 5 (Morning Train)--Sheena Easton

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Ruby no Yubiwa--Akira Terao (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Johnny & Mary--Robert Palmer (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Shaddap You Face--Joe Dolce Music Theatre

Technology
Xerox PARC introduced the computer mouse.

Baseball
Rookie pitcher Fernando Valenzuela (5-0) pitched his fourth shutout of the season to lead the Los Angeles Dodgers to a 5-0 win over the San Francisco Giants before 49,478 fans at Dodger Stadium. The 7-hitter lowered Mr. Valenzuela’s earned run average to 0.20. He also batted 3 for 4 with a run and a run batted in.

25 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Harlem Shuffle--Rolling Stones

#1 single in Switzerland: Adesso tu--Eros Ramazzotti

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Montreal 0 @ Hartford 1 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)
Washington 1 @ New York Rangers 2 (New York won best-of-seven series 4-2)

20 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Joyride--Roxette (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Se Stiamo Insieme--Riccardo Cocciante (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): The Grease Megamix--John Travolta & Olivia Newton-John (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Joyride--Roxette (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Désenchantée--Mylène Farmer

#1 single in the U.K. (CIN): The One and Only--Chesney Hawkes (5th week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Losing My Religion--R.E.M.
2 Joyride--Roxette
3 One More Try--Timmy T
4 You--Ten Sharp
5 Unfinished Sympathy--Massive
6 Should I Stay or Should I Go--The Clash
7 Let There Be Love--Simple Minds
8 Mega Mix--Snap!
9 Always on the Run--Lenny Kravitz
10 Highwire--Rolling Stones

Singles entering the chart were Cowboys and Angels by George Michael (#26); How to Dance by Bingoboys featuring Princessa (#31); Wind of Change by the Scorpions (#33); Vergeet M'n Naam by Corry Konings (#34); Grease: The Dream Mix by Frankie Valli, John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (#37); and Se Stiamo Insieme by Riccardo Cocciante (#39).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Baby Baby--Amy Grant
2 Joyride--Roxette
3 You're in Love--Wilson Phillips
4 I Like the Way (The Kissing Game)--Hi-Five
5 Here We Go--C+C Music Factory featuring Freedom Williams and Zelma Davis
6 I've Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat
7 Cry for Help--Rick Astley
8 Touch Me (All Night Long)--Cathy Dennis
9 I Touch Myself--Divinyls
10 Hold You Tight--Tara Kemp

Singles entering the chart were Playground by Another Bad Creation (#66); New Jack Hustler (Nino's Theme) by Ice-T (#78); Never Gonna Let You Down by Surface (#88); I Don't Want to Lose Your Love by B Angie B (#91); Good Heart by Starship (#93); and Does Anybody Really Fall in Love Anymore? by Kane Roberts (#95). New Jack Hustler (Nino's Theme) was from the movie New Jack City (1991).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Baby Baby--Amy Grant (2nd week at #1)
2 I’ve Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat
3 Joyride--Roxette
4 Hold You Tight--Tara Kemp
5 You’re in Love--Wilson Phillips
6 Sadeness (Part 1)--Enigma
7 Rhythm of My Heart--Rod Stewart
8 Cry for Help--Rick Astley
9 Here We Go--C+C Music Factory featuring Freedom Williams and Zelma Davis
10 Touch Me (All Night Long)--Cathy Dennis

Singles entering the chart were Couple Days Off by Huey Lewis and the News (#48) and Power of Love/Love Power by Luther Vandross (#75); Does Anybody Really Fall in Love Anymore? by Kane Roberts (#88); and Backyard by Pebbles (with Salt-N-Pepa) (#90).

Canada’s Top 10 (RPM)
1 I’ve Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat
2 Joyride--Roxette
3 You’re in Love--Wilson Phillips
4 Rhythm of My Heart--Rod Stewart
5 Cry for Help--Rick Astley
6 Mercy Mercy Me/I Want You--Robert Palmer
7 Baby Baby--Amy Grant
8 Coming Out of the Dark--Gloria Estefan
9 Animal Heart--Glass Tiger
10 Losing My Religion--R.E.M.

Singles entering the chart were Couple Days Off by Huey Lewis and the News (#68); Love is a Wonderful Thing by Michael Bolton (#70); Miracle by Whitney Houston (#76); Payin’ the Cost to Be the Boss by Pat Benatar (#81); Unbelievable by EMF (#85); I Touch Myself by Divinyls (#92); and Laying Down the Law by the Law (#94).

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Boston 2 @ Montreal 3 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)