Saturday, 31 July 2021

July 29, 2021

375 years ago
1646


Born on this date
Johann Theile
. German composer. Mr. Theile was an organist who composed choral works, most notably the opera Adam und Eva (1678). He died on June 24, 1724 at the age of 77.

175 years ago
1846


Born on this date
Sophie Menter
. German musician and composer. Miss Menter was Franz Liszt's favourite female student, and had a successful career as a concert pianist from the 1860s to the 1880s. She wrote several works for piano, and died on February 23, 1918 at the age of 71.

Isabel. Brazilian royal family member. Princess Isabel, the eldest daughter of Emperor Pedro II and Empress Teresa Cristina, became Princess Imperial (heir presumptive to the throne) in 1847 and again in 1850 after the deaths in infancy of her two brothers. She acted as regent for her father during his absences abroad, and in 1888 signed the Lei Áurea (Golden Law) abolishing slavery in Brazil. Emperor Pedro was deposed by a military coup in 1889 and the family went into exile in France. Princess Isabel became head of the Imperial House of Brazil upon her father's death in 1891, and remained so until her own death in France on November 14, 1921 at the age of 75.

170 years ago
1851


Space
Annibale de Gasparis discovered asteroid 15 Eunomia.

150 years ago
1871


Transportation
The Connecticut Valley Railroad opened between Old Saybrook and Hartford, Connecticut.

110 years ago
1911


Born on this date
Roy Henshaw
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Henshaw played with the Chocago Cubs (1933, 1935-1936); Brooklyn Dodgers (1937); St. Louis Cardinals (1938); and Detroit Tigers (1942-1944), compiling a record of 33-40 with an earned run average of 4.16 in 216 games. His best season was 1935, when he was 13-5 with a 3.28 ERA in helping the Cubs win the National League pennant, and was 0-0 with a 7.61 ERA in his only World Series appearance. Mr. Henshaw died on June 8, 1993 at the age of 81.

Foster Furcolo. U.S. politician. Mr. Furcolo, a Democrat, represented Massachusetts' 2nd district in the U.S. House of Representatives (1949-1952) and was the state's Treasurer and Receiver-General (1952-1955). He ran unsuccessfully for the U.S. Senate in 1954, but was elected Governor of Massachusetts in 1956, serving one term (1957-1961). Mr. Furcolo achieved educational reforms, but often went against party interests, and was opposed by fellow Massachusetts Democrat John F. Kennedy. Mr. Furcolo was defeated in the 1960 U.S. Senatorial election, and returned to the practice of law. He died on July 5, 1995, 24 days before his 84th birthday.

Iakovos. Ottoman-born U.S. clergyman. Archbishop Iakovos, born Demetrios Koukouzis, was ordained a Greek Orthodox deacon in 1934, and was ordained a priest in Lowell, Massachusetts in 1940. He became primate of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of North and South America in 1959, supporting ecumenism and Negro civil rights. Archbishop Iakovos clashed with Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I after he supported a move by 29 bishops towards the administrative unification of Eastern Orthodox churches in America, and resigned in 1996. Iakovos died on April 10, 2005 at the age of 93.

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier, frustrated by the opposition Conservatives in his attempts to implement reciprocity with the United Staes, obtained a dissolution of Parliament, and announced that a federal election would take place on September 27, 1911.

Baseball
Smoky Joe Wood (18-11) pitched a no-hitter, walking 2 batters and striking out 12 for the Boston Red Sox as they shut out the St. Louis Browns 5-0 in the first game of a doubleheader before 17,596 fans at Huntington Avenue Baseball Grounds in Boston. The Browns scored a run in the top of the 10th inning to break a 4-4 tie as they won the second game 5-4.

Doc Gessler and Tilly Walker hit home runs and Bob Groom (5-13) pitched a 4-hitter for the Washington Nationals as they beat the Cleveland Naps 7-1 before 7,038 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington. Shoeless Joe Jackson broke up Mr. Groom's bid for a shutout with a home run in the 9th inning. Losing pitcher Cy Young (3-4), in what turned out to be his last appearance for Cleveland, started and gave up 4 hits and 5 runs in just 3 innings. After the game, the Naps waived him to the Boston Rustlers.

The Philadelphia Athletics took a 5-0 lead after 1 inning and coasted to an 11-3 win over the Detroit Tigers befoere 30,000 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. Danny Murphy batted 2 for 4 with a double, run, and 5 runs batted in for Philadelphia, while Eddie Collins was 5 for 5 with 3 runs. Eddie Plank (14-5) pitched a 9-hit complete game victory with 9 strikeouts.

The Chicago White Sox scored 3 runs in each of the 2nd and 3rd innings to take a 6-0 lead as they coasted to a 10-2 win over the New York Highlanders in the first game of a doubleheader before 15,000 fans at Hilltop Park in New York. Ed Walsh (17-10) pitched a 7-hit complete game victory. The White Sox trailed 5-2 after 7 innings in the second game, but scored a run in the 8th and 2 in the 9th to tie the score, scored 3 in the top of the 10th, and withstood a 2-run rally in the bottom of the inning to win 8-7 to complete the sweep.

The Pittsburgh Pirates amassed 17 hits in the first game and 14 in the second as they routed the Boston Rustlers 17-2 and 10-2 in a doubleheader before 12,702 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh.

100 years ago
1921


Born on this date
Richard Egan
. U.S. actor. Mr. Egan appeared in such movies as The Damned Don't Cry (1950); Bright Victory (1951); One Minute to Zero (1952); Underwater! (1955); Love Me Tender (1956); Slaughter on Tenth Avenue (1957); A Summer Place (1959); and Moonfire (1970). He died of prostate cancer on July 20, 1987, nine days before his 66th birthday.

Politics and government
Adolf Hitler became leader of the National Socialist German Workers' Party.

80 years ago
1941


War
The U.S.S.R. claimed to have begun an offensive at Smolensk.

Diplomacy
U.S. Senator Worth Clark (Democrat--Idaho) said that the United States "should take over control" of all Latin America and Canada and set up "puppet governments" because "the Good Neighbor Policy has been a failure."

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King told his war cabinet that he would rather resign than support conscription.

Arthur Klein (Democrat) defeated George Hastings (Republican) in a special election for the New York's 14th District in the United States House of Representatives.

Law
Paraguayan President Higinio Morinigio decreed the death penalty for revolutionaries.

Economics and finance
Japan froze assets of the Netherlands and Netherlands East Indies.

Labour
A strike of 8,000 American Federation of Labor electrical workers tied up construction jobs in New York City and stopped work on defense projects at the Brooklyn Navy Yard.

Boxing
Freddie Cochrane (63-31-8) won the world welterweight title with a 15-round decision over defending champion Fritzie Zivic (110-26-5) at Ruppert Stadium in Newark, New Jersey.

75 years ago
1946


Hit parade
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Gypsy--The Ink Spots (11th week at #1)
--Dinah Shore
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
2 They Say it's Wonderful--Perry Como
--Frank Sinatra
3 Doin' What Comes Natur'lly--Dinah Shore and Spade Cooley and his Orchestra
--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra
4 Prisoner of Love--Perry Como
--The Ink Spots
5 Surrender--Perry Como
--Woody Herman and his Orchestra
6 Laughing on the Outside (Crying on the Inside)--Dinah Shore
--Andy Russell
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
7 My Fickle Eye--Betty Hutton
--Jack Smith and the Five DeMarco Sisters
--Judy Canova
8 In Love in Vain--Dick Haymes and Helen Forrest
--Margaret Whiting
9 Hey! Ba-Ba-Re-Bop--Tex Beneke with the Glenn Miller Orchestra
--Lionel Hampton and his Orchestra
10 I'm a Big Girl Now--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra

Singles entering the chart were Who Do You Love I Hope by Elliot Lawrence and his Orchestra (#26) and Along with Me by Margaret Whiting (#28).

On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Gale Gordon and Howard McNear, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Forgetful Murderer

War
Chinese Communist troops attacked a U.S. Marine convoy between Tientsin and Peking, killing 3 Marines and wounding 12.

Diplomacy
French Prime Minister Georges Bidault opened the 21-nation Paris Peace Conference in Luxembourg Palace, and was chosen temporary chairman of the conference.

World events
A Panamanian court acquitted former President Arnulfo Arias of charges of participating in an abortive coup in December 1945.

Politics and government
India's Muslim League withdrew its acceptance of British independence proposals, accusing the British government and the Congress Party of going back on their original pledge to guarantee certain posts for Muslims in the new government.

New York State revoked the Ku Klux Klan charter, while the U.S. Justice Department revealed that it was investigating Klan activities in seven states.

Scandal
U.S. Controller General Lindsay Warren told the Senate War Inviestigating Committee that loopholes in war contracts had cost the government "untold millions."

Oil
The Bahamian subsidiary of Standard Oil Company of New Jersey announced that it would use radar and a diving chamber to search for oil under the Caribbean Sea floor.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Senate passed and sent to President Harry Truman a bill extending the Reconstruction Finance Corporation to June 30, 1947.

Business
United Aircraft Corporation made history's first commercial helicopter sale, a $48,500-delivery to Helicopter Air Transport, Inc.

Labour
The French government decreed a general wage increase for public servants averaging 18%.

Boxing
Bruce Woodcock (27-1) knocked out Albert Renet (28-18-4) in the 6th round at King's Hall in Manchester, England to win the vacant European Boxing Union heavyweight title. Mr. Woodcock knocked down Mr. Renet in the 4th, 5th, and 6th rounds before knocking him out.

70 years ago
1951


On the radio
Mr. Moto, starring James Monks, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Yellow Robe, or The Lama's Amah

Defense
West German war veterans' groups merged into the German Soldiers' Federation.

Crime
U.S. federal narcotics agents in New York arrested 12 members of a drug smuggling and counterfeiting ring allegedly led by Charles "Lucky" Luciano.

Cycling
Ugo Koblet of Switzerland won the Tour de France in a time of 142 hours 20 minutes 14 seconds.



Baseball
Chicago Cubs' manager Phil Cavarretta drove in 3 runs in the first game and hit a pinch-grand slam in the second game as the Cubs swept a doubleheader from the Philadelphia Phillies 5-4 and 8-6 before 25,840 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Mr. Cavaretta tripled off Robin Roberts in the 6th inning of game 1, and hit his grand slam when Mr. Roberts entered game 2 in the bottom of the 7th in relief of eventual losing pitcher Bubba Church (12-6).

The New York Yankees swept a doubleheader from the Chicago White Sox 8-3 and 2-0 before 70,972 fans at Yankee Stadium. Joe DiMaggio hit 2 home runs for the Yankees in the first game. Bob Kuzava (6-5) pitched a 5-hitter to outduel Saul Rogovin (6-6) in the second game.

The Washington Nationals scored all their runs in the 4th inning as they beat the St. Louis Browns 7-2 in the first game of a doubleheader before 9,069 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington. St. Louis first baseman Ben Taylor batted 1 for 4 and hit a solo home run in the 3rd inning in his major league debut, while making 9 putouts and participating in a double play. The Browns scored 4 runs in the top of the 9th and withstood a 2-run rally in the bottom of the 9th as they won the second game 8-6. St. Louis third baseman Kermit Wahl batted 1 for 5 with a run, making 2 putouts and 3 assists and starting 2 double plays in the 231st and last game of his 5-year major league career.

60 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Travelin' Man/Hello Mary Lou--Ricky Nelson (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: Legata a un granello di sabbia--Nico Fidenco (5th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Wheels (Vier Schimmel, ein Wagen)--Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra (10th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Temptation--The Everly Brothers (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Tossin' and Turnin'--Bobby Lewis (2nd week at #1)
2 Hats Off to Larry--Del Shannon
3 Quarter to Three--U.S. Bonds
4 Dum Dum--Brenda Lee
5 The Boll Weevil Song--Brook Benton
6 I Like it Like That (Part 1)--Chris Kenner
7 Yellow Bird--Arthur Lyman Group
--[Lawrence Welk and his Orchestra]
8 Let's Twist Again--Chubby Checker
9 Together--Connie Francis
10 Last Night--Mar-Keys

Singles entering the chart were I Just Don't Understand by Ann-Margret (#82); I'll Never Smile Again by the Platters (#86); It's Gonna Work Out Fine by Ike & Tina Turner (#87); As If I Didn't Know by Adam Wade (#88); Solitaire by the Embers (#90); Back Beat No. 1 by the Rondels (#94); Water Boy by the Don Shirley Trio (#95); The Astronaut--Parts 1 and 2 by Jose Jimenez (#96); I Never Knew by Clyde McPhatter (#97); Time Was by the Flamingos (#99); Take Five by the Dave Brubeck Quartet (#100); Lover's Island by the Blue Jays (also #100); and Magic Moon (Claire de Lune) by the Rays (also #100). The version of I'll Never Smile Again by the Wanderers was listed with the version by the Platters, but not charted.

Vancouver's Top 10 (CFUN)
1 Hats Off to Larry--Del Shannon (4th week at #1)
2 Shake Shake Sherry--The Flairs
3 Michael--The Highwaymen
4 Bobby--Neil Scott
5 Quarter to Three--U.S. Bonds
6 Tell Me Why--The Belmonts
7 Johnny Willow--Fred Darian
8 Pretty Little Angel Eyes--Curtis Lee
9 Have a Drink on Me--Lonnie Donegan
10 Tossin' and Turnin'--Bobby Lewis

Singles entering the chart were Without You/Cutie Pie by Johnny Tillotson (#26); All I Have to Do is Dream by the Everly Brothers (#31); Private Eye by Bob Luman (#43); Who Put the Bomp (In the Bomp, Bomp, Bomp) by Barry Mann (#46); Black Land Farmer by Wink Martindale (#48); Sentimental Me (LP track) by Elvis Presley (#49); and The Charleston by Ernie Fields (#50). All I Have to Do is Dream was a re-release of the Everly Brothers' 1958 hit, but hadn't previously charted on CFUN.

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 Shake Shake Sherry--The Flairs
2 Something for Everyone (LP)--Elvis Presley
3 Quarter to Three--U.S. Bonds
4 Michael--The Highwaymen
5 Hats Off to Larry--Del Shannon
6 Tossin' and Turnin'--Bobby Lewis
7 Johnny Willow--Fred Darian
8 Bobby--Neil Scott
9 Preacher Boy--Les Vogt
10 Private Eye--Bob Luman

Singles entering the chart were Rainin' in My Heart by Slim Harpo (#27); Boomerang by Donnie Brooks (#29); Pretty Little Angel Eyes by Curtis Lee (#31); Cutie Pie/Without You by Johnny Tillotson (#32); Blue Muu Muu by Annette (#37); Since Gary Went in the Navy by Marcy Joe (#38); and Who Put the Bomp (In the Bomp, Bomp, Bomp) by Barry Mann (#40).

Boxing
World welterweight champion Emile Griffith (25-2), fighting as a middleweight, won a unanimous 10-round decision over Yama Bahama (67-12-3) at Madison Square Garden in New York.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Ottawa (2-1) 3 @ Edmonton (3-0) 17
Saskatchewan (0-1) 3 British Columbia (2-1) 13 @ Seattle

The game between the Lions and the Roughriders was played before 28,000 fans at University of Washington Stadium.

50 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Pour un flirt--Michel Delpech (4th week at #1)

Football
CFL
Edmonton (0-2) 15 @ Hamilton (1-0) 17

Backup quarterback Wally Gabler completed a 17-yard touchdown pass to Dave Fleming with 5 seconds left in the game to give the Tiger-Cats the win at Ivor Wynne Stadium. The Eskimos' touchdowns were scored by Bob Houmard on a 2-yard rush and a 54-yard interception return by Mike Law.

40 years ago
1981


Hit parade
Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Slow Hand--Pointer Sisters
2 Theme from "Greatest American Hero" (Believe it or Not)--Joey Scarbury
3 Gemini Dream--The Moody Blues
4 Boy from New York City--The Manhattan Transfer
5 Queen of Hearts--Juice Newton
6 The One that You Love--Air Supply
7 Hearts--Marty Balin
8 Elvira--The Oak Ridge Boys
9 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes
10 You're Not the Same Girl--Blue Northern

Singles entering the chart were For Your Eyes Only by Sheena Easton (#18); and Thirsty Ears by the Powder Blues (#20).

Died on this date
Robert Moses, 92
. U.S. urban planner. Mr. Moses became known as the "master builder" of New York City and its surrounding area in the mid-20th century.

Married on this date
Charles, Prince of Wales
and Lady Diana Spencer. The ceremony took place at St. Paul's Cathedral in London.



World events
After his impeachment on June 21, former Iranian President Abolhassan Banisadr fled with Massoud Rajavi to Paris in an Iranian Air Force Boeing 707 piloted by Colonel Behzad Moezzi, to form the National Council of Resistance of Iran.

Protest
Up to 2000 demonstrators in Wellington, New Zealand protesting the tour of the Springbok rugby team from South Africa were confronted by police, who used batons to stop them marching up Molesworth Street to the home of South Africa’s Consul (ambassador) to New Zealand.

30 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Donna Toki Mo. (どんなときも)--Noriyuki Makihara

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): You Could Be Mine--Guns N' Roses (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Wind of Change--Scorpions (9th week at #1)

Died on this date
Christian de Castries, 88
. French military officer. General de brigade de Castries served with the French Army from 1921-1959, fighting in World War II, and leading the French defense of Dien Bien Phu in French Indochina against Viet Minh forces in 1954. He died 13 days before his 89th birthday.

25 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Freedom--Robbie Williams

#1 single in Norway (VG-lista): Gud! Hvor du er deilig--Bjelleklang

#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (5th week at #1)

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 You Learn--Alanis Morissette (3rd week at #1)
2 Change the World--Eric Clapton
3 Flood--Jars of Clay
4 The Only Thing that Looks Good on Me is You--Bryan Adams
5 Give Me One Reason--Tracy Chapman
6 Ahead by a Century--The Tragically Hip
7 Looking for It--Jann Arden
8 Wrong--Everything But the Girl
9 Jealousy--Natalie Merchant
10 Killing Me Softly--The Fugees

Singles entering the chart were Instinct by Crowded House (#93); Good Friday by the Black Crowes (#95); Sitting on Top of the World by Amanda Marshall (#96); Symbolistic White Walls by the Matthew Good Band (#97); and Lies to Me by 54-40 (#98).

Died on this date
Ric Nordman, 76
. Canadian politician. Mr. Nordman, a native of Cypress River, Manitoba, represented the ward of St. Charles on Winnipeg City Council (1974-1981) before entering provincial politics as a Progressive Conservative, representing Assiniboia (1981-1988).

Defense
China conducted an underground nuclear test and then announced that it was their last, declaring a moratorium on future testing.

Law
The child protection portion of the Communications Decency Act was struck down by a U.S. federal court as too broad.

Olympics
On his third attempt in the long jump at the Summer Olympic Games in Atlanta, Carl Lewis, 35, leapt 27 feet 10¾ inches to win his fourth Olympic long jump, tying him with former discus thrower Al Oerter of the United States as the only athletes to win four gold medals in the same event. Mr. Oerter won his medals in the 1956, 1960, 1964 and 1968 Olympics; Mr. Lewis won in 1984, 1988, 1992, and 1996.



Michael Johnson of the United States won the gold medal in the men's 400-metre run in 43.49 seconds at Olympic Stadium in Atlanta.



Football
CFL
Calgary (4-1) 36 @ Winnipeg (3-3) 38

20 years ago
2001


Died on this date
Edward Gierek, 88
. Polish politician. Mr. Gierek joined the Polish United Workers' Party (Communist) in 1948 and worked his way up through the ranks before replacing Władysław Gomułka as First Secretary of the party in December 1970, and serving as the de facto leader of Poland until he was ousted in September 1980. His reign was marked by a poor economy, which included food shortages, and labour strife, which ultimately forced his dismissal. Mr. Gierek, a coal miner in his youth, died of miner's lung illness.

10 years ago
2011


Died on this date
Eugene McDaniels, 76
. U.S. musician. Mr. McDaniels played saxophone and trumpet, but was better known as a singer and songwriter. As Gene McDaniels, he had hits as a singer with singles such as A Hundred Pounds of Clay (1961); Tower of Strength (1961); and Chip Chip (1962). As a songwriter, Mr. McDaniels was best known for Compared to What (1966) and Feel Like Makin' Love (1974).

Football
CFL
Montreal (3-2) 26 @ Hamilton (3-2) 34



Toronto (1-4) 25 @ Edmonton (5-0) 26

July 28, 2021

450 years ago
1571


Asiatica
La Laguna encomienda, known today as the Philippine province of Laguna, was founded by the Spaniards as one of the oldest encomiendas (provinces) in the country.

280 years ago
1741


Died on this date
Antonio Vivaldi, 63
. Italian composer. Mr. Vivaldi was one of the most prominent composers of the Baroque era. His best-known work was The Four Seasons (1725).

275 years ago
1746


Born on this date
Thomas Heyward, Jr.
U.S. judge and politician. Mr. Heyward was a delegate to the Continental Congress from South Carolina in 1775, and signed the Declaration of Independence. He was a judge in South Carolina from 1778-1798, except for an 11-month period from August 1780-July 1781 when he was in British detention. Mr. Heyward died on March 6, 1809 at the age of 62.

190 years ago
1821


South Americana
José de San Martín declared the independence of Peru from Spain.

125 years ago
1896


Born on this date
Barbara La Marr
. U.S. actress. Miss La Marr, born Reatha Dale Watson, was known as "The Girl Who is Too Beautiful." She starred in silent movies, including The Nut (1921); The Three Musketeers (1921); and The Prisoner of Zenda (1922). Miss La Marr was married five times, and became addicted to drugs and alcohol, which led to her death on January 30, 1926 at the age of 29.

Americana
The city of Miami, Florida was incorporated.

120 years ago
1901


Born on this date
Freddie Fitzsimmons
. U.S. baseball pitcher, coach, and manager. "Fat Freddie" played with the New York Giants (1925-1937) and Brooklyn Dodgers (1937-1943), compiling a record of 217-146 with an earned run average of 3.51, and batting .200 with 14 home runs and 103 runs batted in in 513 games. He won 20 games in 1928, and led the National League in winning percentage in 1930 (19-7, .731) and 1940 (16-2, .889). Mr. Fitzsimmons helped the Giants win the World Series in 1933 and played on three other NL championship teams (1936, 1937, 1941), but was 0-3 with a 3.86 ERA in 4 career World Series games. He was also one of the best-fielding pitchers of his time, and held the major league career record for double plays for pitchers from 1938-1964. Mr. Fitzsimmons was released by the Dodgers in late July 1943, and as promptly hired by the Philadelphia Phillies as their non-playing manager, leading the team, renamed the Blue Jays in 1944, through the 1945 season, compiling a record of 105-181. He was a pitching coach with the Dodgers in 1940, and with four other major league teams from 1948-1960 and 1966, helping the Giants win the World Series in 1954. Mr. Fitzsimmons died of a heart attack on November 18, 1979 at the age of 78.

Rudy Vallée. U.S. singer and actor. Mr. Vallée was a clarinetist and saxophonist before achieving success as a crooner from the late 1920s through the late 1930s, often singing through a megaphone, which became his trademark. He had a hit single in 1931 with an early version of As Time Goes By, and it became a hit again upon its re-release in 1943. Mr. Vallée's movies included The Vagabond Lover (1929) and The Palm Beach Story (1942). He made a brief comeback as a singer in the late 1960s, and died on July 3, 1986, 25 days before his 85th birthday.

110 years ago
1911


Born on this date
Ann Doran
. U.S. actress. Miss Doran was a character actress in plays, films, and television programs in a career spanning more than 70 years. She was best known for playing James Dean's mother in the movie Rebel Without a Cause (1955). Miss Doran died on September 19, 2000 at the age of 89.

90 years ago
1931


Baseball
The Chicago White Sox scored 11 runs on 12 hits in the 8th inning as they came back from a 12-3 deficit to beat the New York Yankees 14-12 before 8,000 fans at Yankee Stadium.

With 2 out and nobody on base in the bottom of the 9th inning, Nick Cullop doubled, Harvey Hendrick was intentionally walked, and Tony Cuccinello singled home Mr. Cullop to give the Cincinnati Reds a 5-4 win over the Brooklyn Robins before 1,000 fans at Redland Field.

Rogers Hornsby doubled home a run and scored on Footsie Blair's home run as the Chicago Cubs scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning to break a 3-3 tie and defeat the Philadelphia Phillies 6-3 before 8,000 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Charlie Root (12-8) pitched a 7-hitter to outduel Phil Collins (4-11), who allowed 7 hits and 6 earned runs.

Sparky Adams led off the bottom of the 8th inning with an infield single, advanced to second base on an error, and scored from third base on an outfield fly by Jake Flowers for the only run as the St. Louis Cardinals edged the Boston Braves 1-0 before 17,900 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Pop Haines (9-2) pitched an 8-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Tom Zachary (8-6), who allowed 6 hits and no earned runs.

80 years ago
1941


Died on this date
Edward Beale McLean, 52
. U.S. publisher. Mr. McLean owned and published The Washington Post from 1916-1933. He purchased the Hope Diamond in 1911, and his family thereafter suffered several tragedies. Mr. McLean was declared insane in 1933 and was committed to a psychiatric hospital, where he died of a heart attack.

Married on this date
U.S. composer David Rose, 31, married U.S. actress Judy Garland, 19, in Las Vegas.

War
U.S. Senator Burton K. Wheeler (Democrat--Montana) denounced War Secretary Henry Stimson's "treason" remarks as part of " a well-organized and carefully planned smear campaign by warmongers to silence opposition to war." 11 Senators defended Sen. Wheeler.

Diplomacy
Finland severed relations with the United Kingdom. U.S. Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles pledged that the United States Treasury Department "will grant prompt clearance for Japanese vessels clearing from U.S. ports."

Defense
The U.S. House of Representatives approved the first supplemental appropriations bill for $8 billion and sent it to the Senate.

Politics and government
U.S. Representative Joseph Martin (Republican--Massachusetts) warned that the United States might become a dictatorship after the present war unless it prepared now for the postwar crisis.

Economics and finance
The Netherlands East Indies cancelled trade agreements, under which Japan was to receive about 1.8 million tons of oil, and froze Japanese banking assets.

Labour
Unarmed Canadian soldiers dispersed pickets at the National Steel Car Company in Hamilton after the Congress of Industrial Organizations called a strike to obtain bargaining rights.

75 years ago
1946


War
Assistant U.S. War Secretary Howard Petersen reported that Japanese war crimes accounted for 142,076 American and Filipio deaths.

Chinese Nationalist and Communist representatives in Changchun accepted a U.S. proposal to form a no-man's land along the Sungari River in Manchuria, while Nationalist forces advanced along the Ling Hai railway on the Yellow River.

Diplomacy
French President Charles de Gaulle called for an Anglo-French entente to "re-establish equilibrium" between the U.S.A. and U.S.S.R.

U.K. Palestine Commander Sir Evelyn Barker banned fraternization of British troops with Palestinian Jews.

Politics and government
Negroes voted for the first time in the Texas Democratic Party primary, which resulted in the renomination of Senator Tom Connally and Representatives Wright Patman, Sam Rayburn, and Lyndon Johnson.

Scandal
United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration Director Fiorello La Guardia charged that millions of dollars of supplies were being stolen by soldiers in the Trieste area.

Labour
The American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations announced the formation of a National Maritime Council of seven unions to eliminate jurisdictional disputes.

70 years ago
1951


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): If--Perry Como; Jo Stafford (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Come On-A My House--Rosemary Clooney (Best Seller--1st week at #1; Disc Jockey--1st week at #1); Too Young--Nat "King" Cole (Jukebox--4th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Too Young--Nat "King" Cole (6th week at #1)
2 Jezebel--Frankie Laine
3 My Truly, Truly Fair--Guy Mitchell
--Vic Damone
4 How High the Moon--Les Paul and Mary Ford
5 Sweet Violets--Dinah Shore
6 On Top of Old Smoky--The Weavers and Terry Gilkyson
--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
7 The Loveliest Night of the Year--Mario Lanza
8 Come On-A My House--Rosemary Clooney
--Kay Starr
9 Mister and Mississippi--Patti Page
–-Dennis Day
10 Rose, Rose, I Love You--Frankie Laine

Singles entering the chart were I Wish I had Never Seen Sunshine by Les Paul and Mary Ford (#28); Ballin' the Jack by Danny Kaye (#29); The Morningside of the Mountain, with versions by Tommy Edwards; and Paul Weston and his Orchestra (#31); and Oceans of Tears by Kay Starr and Tennessee Ernie (#34).

War
British Commonwealth forces in Korea were merged into a new Commonwealth Division under General A.J.H. Cassels.

World events
Former SS commando leader Otto Skorzeny returned to West Germany, following the expiration of charges against him.

Economics and finance
In compliance with the United Nations resolution, Chile embargoed the shipment of strategic materials to the People's Republic of China.

Baseball
Clyde Vollmer drove in the tying run in the 15th inning and then hit a grand slam with 2 out in the 16th off Bob Feller to give the Boston Red Sox an 8-4 win over the Cleveland Indians before 23,199 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Mickey McDermott (6-5) pitched all 16 innings to earn the win for the Red Sox over Bob Feller (15-4), the last of four Cleveland pitchers.

Marlin Stuart (3-0) allowed 9 hits and 3 rune--all earned--in 7.2 innings and batted 2 for 4 with a double and 2 runs to help the Detroit Tigers defeat the Philadelphia Athletics 6-5 before 1,546 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. The Athletics scored a run in the 8th and 2 in the 9th, and had Bobby Shantz on second base with 1 out, but Hal White retired Pete Suder and Joe Astroth to end the game.

Andy Seminick led off the 5th inning with a double and scored from third base on a 2-out single by Richie Ashburn for the only run as the Philadelphia Phillies edged the Chicago Cubs 1-0 before 10,806 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Russ Meyer (8-8) pitched a 7-hitter to outduel Cal McLish (2-4).

Jackie Robinson and Duke Snider hit run-scoring outfield flies in the 9th inning for the Brooklyn Dodgers as they overcame a 2-1 deficit and edged the St. Louis Cardinals 3-2 before 32,792 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. The Cardinals had runners on first and second bases with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th, but Hal Rice popped out to first base to end the game. Ralph Branca (8-2) allowed 9 hits and 2 runs--1 earned--in 8 innings to outduel Cloyd Boyer (1-4), who allowed 8 hits and 2 earned runs in a complete game.

60 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Well I Ask You--Eden Kane (2nd week at #1)

On television tonight
The Lawless Years, starring James Gregory, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Mad Dog Coll Story: Part 1

50 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Get it On--T. Rex

Died on this date
Lawrence Moore Cosgrave, 80
. Canadian military officer and diplomat. Colonel Cosgrave, a native of Toronto, served with the Canadian Army in World War I, and was blinded in one eye. He served with the Canadian Trade and Commerce Department between the world wars, and was Canadian Military Attache to Australia, for the South West Pacific Area, during World War II. Col. Cosgrave was the Canadian representative at the official surrender of Japan, and signed the Japanese Instrument of Surrender on behalf of Canada aboard the battleship USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay. He worked for the Canadian Commrece Department after the war, holding various consular posts. Col. Cosgrave died in Knowlton, Quebec.

Myril Hoag, 63. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Hoag was an outfielder with the New York Yankees (1931-1932, 1934-1938); St. Louis Browns (1939-1941); Chicago White Sox (1941-1942, 1944); and Cleveland Indians (1944-1945), batting .271 with 28 home runs and 401 runs batted in in 1,020 games, and played 11 seasons in the minor leagues (1926-1930, 1933, 1946-1951). He helped the Yankees win World Series in 1932, 1937, and 1938, batting .320 with 1 homer and 3 RBIs in 8 World Series games. Mr. Hoag died of emphysema.

War
The U.S. Army command in South Vietnam announced that U.S. servicemen returning to America from the area would be tested for heroin use.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (0-1) 20 @ Toronto (1-0) 21

Don Jonas, who had been one of Toronto's quarterbacks the year before, was almost successful in beating his old team at CNE Stadium. This was the first CFL regular season game for a number of Argonauts, including Joe Theismann, Greg Barton, Leon McQuay, Jim Stillwagon, and Zenon Andrusyshyn.

30 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): More than Words--Extreme (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Gypsy Woman (She's Homeless)--Crystal Waters (2nd week at #1)

Austria's Top 10 (Ö3)
1 Wind of Change--Scorpions (4th week at #1)
2 Bobby Brown--Frank Zappa
3 The Shoop Shoop Song (It's in his Kiss)--Cher
4 Jesus Loves You--Bow Down Mister
5 Gypsy Woman (La Da Dee La Da Da)--Crystal Waters
6 Fading Like a Flower (Every Time You Leave)--Roxette
7 Sailing on the Seven Seas--OMD (Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark)
8 The One and Only--Chesney Hawkes
9 Senza una donna (Without a Woman)--Zucchero & Paul Young
10 Last Train to Trancentral--The KLF

Singles entering the chart were No Woman No Cry by Bingoboys (#20); I Wanna Sex You Up by Color Me Badd (#26); and Naked Love (Just Say You Want Me) by Quartz & Dina Carroll (#28).

Baseball
Dennis Martinez pitched a perfect game--becoming the first player from Nicaragua to do so--as the Montreal Expos blanked the Los Angeles Dodgers 2-0 before 45,560 fans at Dodger Stadium. Ron Hassey, who had caught Len Barker's perfect game with the Cleveland Indians in 1981, became the first major league player to catch two perfect games. The Expos scored 2 unearned runs in the 7th inning as a result of 2 errors by Los Angeles shortstop Alfredo Griffin. Losing pitcher Mike Morgan allowed just 4 hits in pitching a complete game. The Sunday afternoon game was televised in Canada on TSN.



Dave Hollins hit a solo home run with 2 out in the top of the 1st inning to open the scoring, but Kevin Mitchell homered to lead off the bottom of the 2nd and Matt Williams homered to lead off the bottom of the 6th as the San Francisco Giants edged the Philadelphia Phillies 2-1 before 36,268 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Bud Black allowed 4 hits in 6 2/3 innings to win the pitchers' duel over Tommy Greene, who allowed 7 hits in 7 innings.

The San Diego Padres scored 2 unearned runs in the bottom of the 6th inning and Andy Benes allowed just 5 hits and no bases on balls in 8 innings to improve his 1991 record to 5-10 as the Padres blanked the New York Mets 2-0 before 25,090 fans at Jack Murphy-San Diego Stadium. Losing pitcher Frank Viola allowed just 4 hits in 7 innings as he dropped to 11-7.

The Milwaukee Brewers scored 8 runs in the first 3 innings and coasted to an 11-2 win over the Minnesota Twins before 47,524 fans at Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis. Jaime Navarro allowed 10 hits in pitching a complete game victory, while Minnesota starter Jack Morris allowed 9 hits and 8 runs--all earned--in 2 2/3 innings.

25 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Tha Crossroads--Bone Thugs-N-Harmony (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees

#1 single in Switzerland: I Can't Help Myself (I Love You, I Want You)--The Kelly Family

#1 single in Scotland (OCC): Wannabe--Spice Girls (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Roger Tory Peterson, 87
. U.S. ornithologist. Mr. Peterson has been called the inventor of the modern field guide, beginning with Guide to the Birds (1934). He has also been credited as an inspiration to the modern environmental movement. Mr. Peterson died a month before his 88th birthday.

Marge Ganser, 48. U.S. singer. Miss Ganser and her identical twin sister Mary Anne were members of the pop group the Shangri-Las, who had several hit singles from 1964-1966, most notably Leader of the Pack, which reached #1 on various charts in 1964. Marge Ganser died of breast cancer.

Archaeology
The remains of the prehistoric man eventually known as Kennewick Man were discovered near Kennewick, Washington.

Olympics
Canadian Brian Walton won a silver medal in the cycling points race at the Summer Olympic Games in Atlanta, while fellow Canadian Curt Harnett earned the bronze medal in the men's sprint on the track near Stone Mountain, Georgia. Canada's men's doubles team of John Child and Mark Heese took the bronze at the inaugural Olympic beach volleyball tournament. Canadian rowers won medals at Lake Lanier at the Atlanta Games: Dave Boyes, Jeff Lay, Gavin Hassett and Brian Peaker took silver in the men's four; Marnie McBean, Kathleen Heddle, Laryssa Biesenthal and Diane O'Grady came away with bronze in the women's four; and Emma Robinson, Anna van der Kamp, Theresa Luke, Tosha Tsang, Alison Korn, Heather McDermid, Maria Maunder, Jessica Monroe and Lesley Thompson had a silver-medal performance in the women's eight with coxswain.

20 years ago
2001


Died on this date
John Easton, 68
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Easton was an outfielder who played 4 games with the Philadelphia Phillies (1955, 1959), batting 0 for 3, with all his appearances coming as a pinch runner or pinch hitter. He batted .311 with 15 home runs and 116 runs batted in in 216 games in 3 seasons in the minor leagues (1957-1959), and won the Eastern League batting title in 1958, hitting .321 with the Williamsport Grays. Mr. Easton was an electrical engineer after his baseball career ended, and died of melanoma.

Music
The Eagles played the first-ever concert at the American Airlines Center in Dallas.

Swimming
Australian Ian Thorpe became the first swimmer to win six gold medals at a single World Championship meeting.

Football
CFL
Toronto (1-3) 50 @ Saskatchewan (2-2) 24



Baseball
Trailing the Houston Astros 7-2 with 2 out and nobody on base in the bottom of the 9th inning at PNC Park in Pittsburgh, the Pittsburgh Pirates rallied for 7 runs to win 9-8 before 32,977 fans in the first of 2 games at PNC Park in Pittsburgh. The game ended when Brian Giles hit a grand slam off Billy Wagner. Vinny Castilla hit 3 home runs and drove in 5 runs for the Astros. The Astros scored 4 runs in each of the 3rd and 9th innings as they won the second game 12-4 before 38,295 fans.>



10 years ago
2011


Died on this date
Abdul Fatah Younis, 66-67
. Libyan military officer. Major General Younis participated in the coup that brough Muammar Gaddafi to power in Libya in 1969, and served as minister for public security. On February 22, 2011, he resigned and joined the rebel side in what became the Libyan Civil War. Maj. Gen. Younis was shot and killed under unclear circumstances: NationL Transitional Council head Mustafa Abdul-Jalil said that Maj. Gen. Younis was killed by pro-Gaddafi assailants, and that the head of the group responsible had been arrested, while the Libyan government gave another version of the event, saying that Maj. Gen. Younis had been killed by the rebels because they thought he was a double agent.

Disasters
While flying from Seoul to Shanghai, Asiana Airlines Flight 991 developed an in-flight fire in the cargo hold. The Boeing 747-400F freighter attempted to divert to Jeju International Airport, but crashed into the sea South-West of Jeju island, killing both crew members on board.

Football
CFL
British Columbia (0-5) 20 @ Winnipeg (4-1) 25

Friday, 30 July 2021

July 27, 2021

960 years ago
1061


Died on this date
Nicholas II, 65-71
. Roman Catholic Pope, 1059-1061. Nicholas II, aka Gerard of Burgundy, became Bishop of Florence in 1046, and became pope after winning a power struggle against Benedict X. Pope Nicholas made an alliance with the Normans, and achieved papal electoral reforms. He was succeeded by Alexander II.

920 years ago
1101


Died on this date
Conrad II, 27
. King of Germany (1087-1098); King of Italy (1093-1098). Conrad II, the second son of Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV and the eldest to reach adulthood, was Duke of Lower Lorraine (1076-1087) before acceding to his thrones. He rebelled against his father in 1093, and Henry IV eventually deposed his son and replaced him with Conrad's younger brother Henry V. Conrad II died in Florence from a fever.

300 years ago
1721


Diplomacy
Following the signing of the Treaty of Utrecht between France and England, eastern North American First Nations (including Mi’kmaq, Maliseet and Passamaquoddy) protested: “My land is not thine either by right or conquest, or by grant or by purchase."

280 years ago
1741


Born on this date
François-Hippolyte Barthélémon
. French-born U.K. musician and composer. Mr. Barthélémon was a violinist who was educated in Paris, and moved to England in 1764. He was known for his operas and burlettas (short comic operas), and also wrote six symphonies and several concertos. Mr. Barthélémon died on July 20, 1808, a week before his 67th birthday.

140 years ago
1881


Born on this date
Hans Fischer
. German chemist. Dr. Fischer won the 1930 Nobel Prize in chemistry "for his researches into the constitution of haemin and chlorophyll and especially for his synthesis of haemin." He committed suicide in Munich on March 31, 1945 at the age of 63, in despair over the destruction of his institute and his work during the last days of World War II.

130 years ago
1891


Transportation
The last spike was driven on the Calgary and Edmonton Railway, which had begun construction on July 21, 1890. The line reduced a five-day stagecoach journey to a train trip of only a few hours.

125 years ago
1896


Born on this date
Robert George
. U.K. military officer and politician. Air Vice Marshal Sir Robert served in both world wars, with posts that included Singapore, Ankara, and Iraq, retiring in 1952. He served as Governor of South Australia (1953-1960), and died on Septeber 13, 1967 at the age of 71 after being hit by a car.

100 years ago
1921


Born on this date
Émile Genest
. Canadian-born actor. Mr. Genest, a native of Quebec City, began his career in Quebec and Montreal, and was part of the cast of the radio and television series La famille Plouffe (1953-1959). He worked in Canada and the United States for many years, appearing in Walt Disney movies such as Big Red (1962) and The Incredible Journey (1963), and in many television programs. Mr. Genest died while on vacation in Florida on March 19, 2003 at the age of 81.

Garry Davis. U.S. activist. Mr. Davis was a minor Broadway actor befor serving as a U.S. Army Air Forces bomber pilot in World War II. His war experiences led him to advocate world government as the only hope of peace. Mr. Davis renounced his American citizenship in 1948, and in 1953 founded the non-profit World Service Authority; he created the World Passport, which few countries recognize. Mr. Davis died in Vermont on July 24, 2013, three days before his 92nd birthday.

Medicine
Researchers at the University of Toronto, led by biochemist Frederick Banting, proved that the hormone insulin regulates blood sugar.

80 years ago
1941


War
Japanese troops stationed in Tonkin occupied the southern portion of French Indochina.

The Peruvian government reported a major battle against Ecuadorian forces in the Zaramilla River basin. The Peruvian Foreign Office said that it had not yet replied to the proposed truce in their border war with Ecuador.

75 years ago
1946


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Gypsy--The Ink Spots (Best Seller--10th week at #1; Juke Box--9th week at #1); The Gypsy--Dinah Shore (Airplay--8th week at #1); The Gypsy--The Ink Spots; Dinah Shore (Honor Roll of Hits--10th week at #1)

They Say it's Wonderful was #2, and Doin' What Comes Natur'lly was #3.

Died on this date
Gertrude Stein, 72
. U.S. writer. Miss Stein was a Jewish lesbian who spent the last 43 years of her life in France. Her best known work was The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas (1933); Miss Toklas was her lover. See also here.

War
The Nationalist Chinese government in Nanking rejected Communist proposals for a cease-fire, stating that questions of the control of Manchuria, reorganization of the armies, and reopening of communications must be settled first.

Diplomacy
Drafts of tentative peace treaties prepared at the Paris Peace Conference of Foreign Ministers were published, showing that Italy, Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary,and Finland would be stripped of war-making potential. Italy would lose her colonies, and Finland would be forced to cede territory to the U.S.S.R.

The Arab Higher Commission rejected a British proposal for a Jewish-Arab conference, calling for an independent Arab Palestine with no Jewish immigration.

70 years ago
1951


Defense
Pakistan called up five battalions of national guard troops in response to increased Indian troop strength along the border.

U.S. Defense Secretary George Marshall told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee that he planned to have 400,000 U.S. soldiers in a 2.9-million-man Wesern European defense force by 1953.

Diplomacy
In a note to the United Kingdom, Spain protested against alleged British meddling in U.S. Spanish relations.

60 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (Lever Hit Parade): Travelin' Man--Ricky Nelson (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Temptation--The Everly Brothers (2nd week at #1)

Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State Dean Rusk rejected Cuban dictator Fidel Castro's proposal to return the Eastern Airlines Electra that had been hijacked from Florida to Cuba three days earlier to the United States only on condition that the U.S. return 10 planes to Cuba that were being held in the United States by court orders to satisfy debt claims against Cuba.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Toronto (2-1) 18 @ Winnipeg (1-1) 20

50 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Kvällstoppen): Butterfly--Danyel Gérard (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Chirpy Chirpy Cheep Cheep--Middle of the Road (8th week at #1)

Football
CFL
Edmonton (0-1) 11 @ Ottawa (1-0) 22
Saskatchewan (1-0) 14 @ British Columbia (0-1) 10

In the Rough Riders' win over the Eskimos at Lansdowne Park, Ottawa's Barclay Allen fielded a punt from Edmonton's Fred Dunn in the 3rd quarter and lateralled to Al Marcelin on the other side of the field. Mr. Marcelin, without benefit of blocking, raced 84 yards for a touchdown. Edmonton receiver George McGowan, playing his first CFL game, rushed 6 yards on a reverse for the Eskimos' only touchdown.

Ted Gerela missed 3 field goal attempts for the Lions, allowing the Roughriders to escape with a win at Empire Stadium in Vancouver and spoiling the first regular season game for Eagle Keys as head coach of the Lions. Mr. Keys had held the same position with the Roughriders from 1965-1970. Mr. Keys' replacement in Saskatchewan, Dave Skrien, had been head coach of the Lions from 1961-1967.

Baseball
Bobby Pfeil drove in 3 runs with his only 2 major league home runs to help the Philadelphia Phillies defeat the Houston Astros 8-3 in the first game of a doubleheader before 20,779 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia. Woodie Fryman (7-4) pitched a 7-hit complete game victory. Jim Wynn singled with 2 out and nobody on base in the bottom of the 1st inning and Cesar Cedeno followed with a home run to provide the necessary scoring as the Astros won the second game 5-1. Wade Blasingame (7-8) pitched a 4-hit complete game victory.

Ed Kranepool and Duffy Dyer hit run-scoring singles for the New York Mets as they scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 9th inning to defeat the St. Louis Cardinals 3-2 before 35,597 fans at Shea Stadium in New York.

Hal McRae batted 5 for 5 with a home run, 3 doubles, 3 runs, and a run batted in to help the Cincinnati Reds beat the San Diego Padres 11-3 before 5,753 fans at San Diego Stadum. Lee May added 4 RBIs for the Reds with a pair of homers.

Bill Buckner's grand slam climaxed a 6-run 7th inning for the Los Angeles Dodgers as they came from a 5-1 deficit to defeat the Pittsburgh Pirates 8-5 before 26,564 fans at Dodger Stadium. Mr. Buckner's homer was hit off Mudcat Grant, who had just entered the game in relief of Dock Ellis (15-4).

Clay Dalrymple doubled home Merv Rettenmund with 2 out in the bottom of the 5th inning for the game's only run as the Baltimore Orioles edged the Oakland Athletics 1-0 in the first game of a doubleheader before 20,465 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Pat Dobson (14-4) pitched a 4-hit shutout and struck out 13 batters. Losing pitcher Catfish Hunter (12-10) allowed just 4 hits in 7 innings, but walked 8 batters. Boog Powell doubled with 2 out and nobody on base in the bottom of the 9th inning and Brooks Robinson followed with a home run to give the Orioles a 6-4 win in the second game to complete the sweep.

Aurelio Rodriguez drew a base on balls with 1 out and the bases loaded in the bottom of the 11th inning to force Tony Taylor home with the winning run as the Detroit Tigers beat the Kansas City Royals 5-4 before 18,718 fans at Tiger Stadium. Mickey Lolich (16-7) pitched a 10-hit complete game victory, striking out 10 batters.

Bill Melton's 3-run home run with 2 out in the bottom of the 12th inning climaxed a 4-run rally for the Chicago White Sox as they beat the New York Yankees 9-6 before 13,346 fans at White Sox Park.

Harmon Killebrew led off the bottom of the 9th inning with a single and Tony Oliva followed with a home run to give the Minnesota Twins a 4-2 win over the Washington Senators before 7,939 fans at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington.

40 years ago
1981


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Medley--Stars on 45 (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Nagai Yoru--Chiharu Matsuyama (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Ay, Amor--Víctor Manuel

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Elizabeth Rona, 91
. Hungarian-born U.S. nuclear chemist. Dr. Rona began her career in her native Hungary before moving to Austria and eventually the United States in 1941, becoming an American citizen in 1948. She was known for her work with radioactive isotopes, and her discoveries included confirmation of the existence of "Uranium-Y" (now known as thorium-231).

William Wyler, 79. Geman-born U.S. movie director. Mr. Wyler was a native of Alsace-Lorraine, which reverted to France after World War I. He emigrated to the United States in the early 1920s, and was in Hollywood by 1923. Mr. Wyler became one of the most successful directors in history, receiving 12 Academy Award nominations for Best Director, winning for Mrs. Miniver (1942); The Best Years of Our Lives (1946); and Ben-Hur (1959). His movies received 36 Oscar nominations in acting categories, winning 14. Mr. Wyler died of a heart attack, three days after filming an interview for a television doucumentary about him.

Adam Walsh, 6. U.S. crime victim. Master Walsh accompanied his mother Revé on a shopping trip to the Hollywood Mall in Hollywood, Florida, was temporarily left alone, and mistakenly ejected from the mall. He disappeared, and his severed head was found in a drainage canal on August 10, 1981; asphyxiation was ruled to be the cause of death. A drifter and convicted serial killer named Ottis Toole confessed to Adam's murder, later recanted his confession, and died in prison in 1996. Police closed the case in 2008 and were satisified that Mr. Toole was the killer. The discovery of Master Walsh's head was reported in The Edmonton Sun under the headline Boy's Head Found, which appeared under an article headlined Buried Alive. Adam's father John Walsh subsequently became an advocate for crime victims, and hosted the television program America's Most Wanted (1988-2011).

Disasters
While landing at Chihuahua International Airport, Aeromexico Flight 230, a DC-9, overshot the runway and made a hard landing, killing 32 of the 66 passengers and crew.

30 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Rapput (Senza Fiato)--Claudio Bisio; Rocco Tanica

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Gypsy Woman (She's Homeless)--Crystal Waters (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Gypsy Woman (She's Homeless)--Crystal Waters (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Auteuil, Neuilly, Passy (rap BCBG)--Les Inconnus

#1 single in the U.K. (CIN): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (3rd week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Driver's Seat--Sniff 'n' the Tears (2nd week at #1)
2 More than Words--Extreme
3 Burbujas de Amor--Juan Luis Guerra y 4;40
4 I Wanna Sex You Up--Color Me Badd
5 (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams
6 La Cumbia--Sailor
7 Mooi Man--Mannenkoor Karrespoor
8 You Could Be Mine--Guns N' Roses
9 Now that We Found Love--Heavy D and the Boyz
10 Rush Rush--Paula Abdul

Singles entering the chart were Baila Mi Rumba by Rumba Tres (#26); Baila Me by Gipsy Kings (#28); Danca Tago-Maga by Kaoma (#30); Ala Li Là (Segâ) by Denis Azor (#34); and Move That Body by Technotronic featuring Reggie (#36).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams
2 Right Here, Right Now--Jesus Jones
3 Unbelievable--EMF
4 P.A.S.S.I.O.N.--Rythm Syndicate
5 Summertime--D.J. Jazzy Jeff & the Fresh Prince
6 Rush Rush--Paula Abdul
7 Piece of My Heart--Tara Kemp
8 Every Heartbeat--Amy Grant
9 It Ain't Over 'til it's Over--Lenny Kravitz
10 Temptation--Corina

Singles entering the chart were I Adore Mi Amor by Color Me Badd (#60); My Name is Not Susan by Whitney Houston (#67); Shiny Happy People by R.E.M. (#71); I Don't Wanna See You by Michael Morales (#88); and Hey Stoopid by Alice Cooper (#99).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Right Here, Right Now--Jesus Jones
2 Unbelievable—EMF
3 (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams
4 P.A.S.S.I.O.N.--Rythm Syndicate
5 Place in this World--Michael W. Smith
6 Rush Rush--Paula Abdul
7 Every Heartbeat--Amy Grant
8 I Wanna Sex You Up—Color Me Badd
9 Piece of My Heart--Tara Kemp
10 Fading Like a Flower--Roxette

Singles entering the chart were I Adore Mi Amor by Color Me Badd (#60); Shiny Happy People by R.E.M. (#70); Unforgettable by Natalie Cole (Duet with Nat King Cole) (#72); Good Vibrations by Marky Mark and Funky Bunch featuring Loleatta Holloway (#75); My Name is Not Susan by Whitney Houston (#77); Motownphilly by Boyz II Men (#82); and Pop Goes the Weasel by 3rd Bass (#87).

Canada’s Top 10 (RPM)
1 Rush Rush—Paula Abdul (4th week at #1)
2 (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams
3 A Better Love--Londonbeat
4 More than Words—Extreme
5 Fading Like a Flower--Roxette
6 Superman's Song--Crash Test Dummies
7 It Ain't Over 'til it's Over--Lenny Kravitz
8 The Rhythm of Your Love--Glass Tiger
9 Chocolate Cake--Crowded House
10 Something to Talk About--Bonnie Raitt

Singles entering the chart were Time, Love and Tenderness by Michael Bolton (#87); The Promise of a New Day by Paula Abdul (#88); The Path of Thorns by Sarah McLachlan (#89); Shiny Happy People by R.E.M. (#91); Summertime by DJ Jazzy and The Fresh Prince (#92); Miss You in a Heart Beat by the Law (#93); Saving My Heart by Yes (#96); and Piece of My Heart by Tara Kemp (#97).

Died on this date
Ted Pillette, 83
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Pillette, the younger brother of major league pitcher Herman Pillette, played 12 seasons in the minor leagues (1923-1934), mainly in the Class AA Pacific Coast League and the Class A Western League. He played in at least 293 games, winning at least 80 games and losing at least 101.

John Friedrich, 40. West German-born Australian conman. Mr. Friedrich, born Johann Friedrich Hohenberger, was responsible for more scams than this blogger cares to mention. He shot himself to death on his farm near Sale, Victoria, four days after appearing in court on a fraud charge involving almost $300,000.

Crime
2,000 youths in Penticton, British Columbia rioted after a concert by rap star MC Hammer. The youths smashed and looted downtown stores, and wrecked tourist establishments along the beach. 90 were jailed and 60 treated for injuries.

25 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Macarena--Los Del Rio (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Tic, Tic Tac--Carrapicho (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Wannabe--Spice Girls

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 You're Makin' Me High/Let it Flow--Toni Braxton
2 How Do U Want It/California Love--2Pac featuring K-Ci and JoJo/2 Pac featuring Dr. Dre & Roger Troutman
3 Give Me One Reason--Tracy Chapman
4 Macarena (Bayside Boys Mix)--Los Del Rio
5 Twisted--Keith Sweat
6 You Learn/You Oughta Know--Alanis Morissette
7 Change the World--Eric Clapton
8 I Can't Sleep Baby (If I)--R. Kelly
9 C'mon N' Ride It (The Train)--Quad City DJ's
10 Tha Crossroads--Bone Thugs-N-Harmony

Singles entering the chart were You Learn/You Oughta Know; Elevators (Me & You) by OutKast (#16); Stupid Girl by Garage (#46); Like a Woman by the Tony Rich Project (#76); Do You Miss Me by Jocelyn Enriquez (#95); Hang 'em High by Sadat X (#98); and Wishes by Nathan Morris (#99). Wishes was from the movie Kazaam (1996).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 You're Makin' Me High/Let it Flow--Toni Braxton (3rd week at #1)
2 How Do You Want It/California Love--2Pac (featuring KC and JoJo)/(featuring Dr. Dre and Roger Troutman)
3 You Learn--Alanis Morissette
4 I Can't Sleep (If I)--R. Kelly
5 C'mon n' Ride It (The Train)--Quad City DJ’s
6 Macarena (Bayside Boys Mix)--Los Del Rio
7 Twisted--Keith Sweat
8 Tha Crossroads--Bone Thugs-N-Harmony
9 Give Me One Reason--Tracy Chapman
10 Insensitive--Jann Arden

Singles entering the chart were You Learn; Why Does it Hurt So Bad by Whitney Houston (#40); Mint Car by the Cure (#65); Angeline is Coming Home by the Badlees (#74); and Never Too Busy by Kenny Lattimore (#88).

Terrorism
A pipe bomb spiked with nails and screws exploded at the Atlanta Olympics Centennial Park, killing a 44-year-old Georgia woman and wounding at least 111 (see also here). Turkish television cameraman Melih Uzunyol, 40, died of a heart attack while running to cover the blast. Eric Rudolph was charged in the case in 2003, and pled guilty in 2005. Security guard Richard Jewell, who discovered the bomb and helped to clear the area, was initially suspected but exonerated, as the Federal Bureau of Investigation was criticized for its investigative tactics in the case, and the news media were upbraided for all but trying Mr. Jewell in print and on the air.



Olympics
Donovan Bailey won a gold medal for Canada in Atlanta, running the 100-metre sprint in 9.84, setting a world record. At Lake Lanier, Canadian rowers Marnie McBean and Kathleen Heddle also won gold in the double sculls, becoming Canada's first and only three-time Olympic gold medalists. Both Silken Laumann and Derek Porter rowed to silver for Canada in their single sculls. Canada now had 2 gold, 3 silver, and 3 bronze medals in the games.



Football
CFL
Hamilton (4-1) 28 @ British Columbia (0-5) 24

Damon Allen threw 3 touchdown passes in his first game with the Lions, but they still lost to the Tiger-Cats before 12,761 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver, the lowest crowd the Lions had yet drawn since moving into the stadium in 1983.



20 years ago
2001


Died on this date
Harold Land, 72
. U.S. musician. Mr. Land was a jazz saxophonist who performed with artists such as Thelonius Monk, Billie Holliday and Tony Bennett in a career spanning more than 50 years. He died from a stroke.

Leon Wilkeson, 49. U.S. musician. Mr. Wilkeson played bass guitar with the Southern rock group Lynyrd Skynrd from its founding in 1972 until suffering severe injuries in the 1977 plane crash that killed three group members. He performed with a couple of other bands in the 1980s, and then with a re-formed version of Lynyrd Skynyrd from 1987 until he died in his sleep from chronic liver and lung disease.

Football
CFL
British Columbia (1-3) 22 @ Calgary (1-3) 28



10 years ago
2011


Died on this date
Hideki Irabu, 42
. Japanese baseball pitcher. Mr. Irabu played with the Lotte Orions / Chiba Lotte Marines (1988–1996) and Hanshin Tigers (2003-2004) in the Japanese Leagues and with the New York Yankees (1997-1999); Montreal Expos (2000-2001); and Texas Rangers (2002). He was 72-69 with an earned run average of 3.55 in 273 games in Japan, and 34-35 with a 5.15 ERA in 126 games in the major leagues. Mr. Irabu was with the Yankees when they won World Series championships in 1998 and 1999, but played in just 1 post-season game, and had only intermittent success. He made a brief comeback with the Long Beach Armada of the independent Golden Baseball League in 2009, but his heavy drinking led his wife to leave him and take their children with her. Mr. Irabu, drunk and despondent, hanged himself.

Baseball
Ervin Santana (6-8) pitched a no-hitter for the Anaheim Angels, striking out 10, as they came from behind to defeat the Cleveland Indians 3-1 before 21,546 fans at Progressive Field in Cleveland. The Indians opened the scoring in the bottom of the 1st inning when Ezequiel Carrera reached first base on an error by shortstop Erick Aybar, stole second base, advanced to third base on a ground out by Asdrubal Cabrera, and scored on a wild pitch. The Angels scored single runs in the 5th, 6th, and 9th innings. Losing pitcher David Huff (1-1) allowed 5 hits and 2 runs--1 earned--in 5.2 innings.



Mike Cameron's 2-run home run with 2 out in the 9th inning gave the Florida Marlins a 7-1 lead, and proved to be the difference in the game as the Washington Nationals rallied for 4 runs in the bottom of the 9th and lost 7-5 before 21,974 fans at Nationals Park. Michael Morse was on first base with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th, but Laynce Nix flied out to right field to end the game.

Nate McLouth led off the bottom of the 10th inning with a single and scored on a bases-loaded single by David Ross with 1 out to give the Atlanta Braves a 2-1 win over the Pittsburgh Pirates before 24,186 fans at Turner Field in Atlanta.

Prince Fielder led off the bottom of the 2nd inning with a home run and the Milwaukee Brewers added another run in the inning as they shut out the Chicago Cubs 2-0 before 39,233 fans at Miller Park in Milwaukee. Zack Greinke (8-4) allowed 3 hits in 6.2 innings to outduel Carlos Zambrano (7-6).

Tuesday, 27 July 2021

July 26, 2021

1,210 years ago
811


Died on this date
Nikephoros I, 60-61
. Emperor of the Byzantine Empire, 802-811. Nikephoros I was said to be of Arab origin, and was finance minister under Empress Irene before acceding to the throne after her ouster. He reorganized the empire and imposed tax hikes to increase revenue, and suffered a severe military defeat by Abbasid forces in the Battle of Krasos in 805, followed by a Muslim invasion in 806. Emperor Nikephoros invaded Bulgaria in 811 and brutally sacked the capital of Pliska, but was killed during the subsequent retreat, and decapitated by Khan Krum, who reportedly made Nikephoros' head into a drinking cup. Nikephoros I was succeeded on the throne by his son Staurakios.

War
Bulgarian forces commanded by Khan Krum routed retreating Byzantine Empire forces led by Emperor Nikephoros I in the Battle of Pliska, resulting in the death of Emperor Nikephoros and the severe wounding of his son and successor Staurakios.

550 years ago
1471


Died on this date
Paul II, 54
. Roman Catholic Pope, 1464-1471. Paul II, born Pietro Barbo, was the nephew of Pope Eugene IV, which enabled him to rise rapidly through the ranks of Roman Catholic clergy, succeeding Pius II on the papal throne. Pope Paul was known for his suspicious nature and secretiveness. Paul died of a heart attack, although reports vary as to the cause; his detractors claimed that he died while being sodomized by a page boy. Pope Paul II was succeeded by Sixtus IV.

440 years ago
1581


Europeana
With the Plakkaat van Verlatinghe (Act of Abjuration), the northern Low Countries declared their independence from King Felipe II of Spain.

230 years ago
1791


Born on this date
Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart
. Austrian musician, composer, and conductor. Mr. Mozart, the youngest child of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, played piano and violin, and began his composing career at an early age. He had moderate success as a pianist and teacher, teaching in Lemberg (Lwów) from 1813-1838, and serving as Kapellmeister of the Mozarteum in Salzburg from 1838 until his death from stomach cancer on July 29, 1844, three days after his 53rd birthday. Mr. Mozart's compositions were mainly chamber, piano, and choral works.

180 years ago
1841


Born on this date
Carl Robert Jakobson
. Estonian journalist and political activist. Mr. Jakobson was an important figure in Estonian nationalist circles, especially advocating agricultural reforms. He founded the newspaper Sakala in 1878, using it to advocate Estonian cultural awakening. Mr. Jakobson died of pneumonia on March 19, 1882 at the age of 40; Estonian nationalists suspected that he was murdered by his doctor.

160 years ago
1861


War
General George B. McClellan assumed command of the Army of the Potomac, five days after a disastrous Union defeat in the First Battle of Bull Run.

140 years ago
1881


Transportation
The Canadian Pacific Railway was completed to Winnipeg.

130 years ago
1891


Franciana
France annexed Tahiti.

100 years ago
1921


Born on this date
Jean Shepherd. U.S. author. Mr. Shepherd was best known for writing and narrating the movie A Christmas Story (1983). He died on October 16, 1999 at the age of 78.

Tom Saffell. U.S. baseball player, manager, and executive. Mr. Saffell was a center fielder with the Pittsburgh Pirates (1949-1951, 1955) and Kansas City Athletics (1955), batting .238 with 6 home runs and 40 runs batted in in 271 games. He played 17 seasons in the minor leagues (1941, 1946-1964). Mr. Saffell managed in the low minor leagues for 13 years (1960-1972), winning two pennants. He became president of the rookie Gulf Coast League in 1978, and in 1999 was named King of Baseball. Mr. Saffell died on September 10, 2012 at the age of 91.

Died on this date
Howard Vernon, 73
. Australian actor. Mr. Vernon, born John Lett, had a career spanning 48 years, and was best known for his performances in comic roles of the Gilbert and Sullivan operas with the J. C. Williamson company.

90 years ago
1931


Baseball
The Chicago White Sox scored 2 runs in the top of the 9th inning to break a 3-3 tie and held on to edge the New York Yankees 5-4 in the first game of a doubleheader before 40,000 fans at Yankee Stadium. Every New York starter had at least 1 hit, 1 run batted in, and 2 runs as the Yankees scored all their run in the first 4 innings and coasted to a 22-5 rout in the second game. Red Ruffing (9-11) allowed 8 hits and 5 earned runs to get the win, while Lou McEvoy pitched 2 scoreless innings to get the save, walking 1 batter and striking out none, in the 34th and last game of his 2-year major league career. Hank Garrity batted 0 for 1 as a pinch hitter and caught the 8th inning for Chicago in the second game, with no fielding chances in his major league debut.

Tom Oliver led off the bottom of the 10th inning with a double and Charlie Berry followed with a double to score Mr. Oliver, giving the Boston Red Sox a 7-6 win over the Detroit Tigers in the first game of a doubleheader before 10,000 fans at Braves Field in Boston. Charlie Gehringer batted 5 for 5 with 3 doubles and 3 runs batted in to help the Tigers win the second game 7-3.

The Boston Braves scored 3 runs in the top of the 11th inning to break a 0-0 tie and withstood a 2-run rally in the bottom of the inning to defeat the St. Louis Cardinals 3-2 in the first game of a doubleheader before 21,688 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. The Cardinals had the potential tying run on first base with 1 out in the 11th, but relief pitcher Ed Brandt struck out Pepper Martin and Chick Hafey to end the game. Fred Frankhouse (7-3) allowed 7 hits in 10+ innings to outduel Syl Johnson (5-6), who allowed 11 hits and 3 earned runs in a complete game. The Cardinals won the second game 5-4.

Charlie Grimm led off the bottom of the 9th inning with a triple, but pulled a muscle and was replaced by pinch runner Bud Teachout, who scored on a wild pitch by relief pitcher Jumbo Elliott, giving the Chicago Cubs a 2-1 win over the Philadelphia Phillies before 25,000 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Pat Malone (9-5) pitched an 8-hitter to outduel Clise Dudley (6-8), who allowed 9 hits and 2 earned runs in 8+ innings.

80 years ago
1941


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Daddy--Swing and Sway with Sammy Kaye (vocal refrain by the Kaye Choir) (4th week at #1)

War
Peru and Ecuador were reported to have agreed on a truce in their border dispute.

Defense
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered Philippine military forces into the United States Army for the duration of the emergency, while the War Department appointed General Douglas MacArthur to command the troops. The U.S. Senate Military Affairs Committee approved a resolution permitting the President to extend military service.

U.S.S.R. Red Army Lieutenant General Philip Golikov and Engineer General Alexander Repin arrived in Washington to confer with U.S. Army General George Marshall and coordinate Soviet military orders in the United States.

France and Japan announced an agreement on "the joint defense" of Indochina.

Diplomacy
Brazilian Foreign Minister Oswaldo Aranha said that his country supported U.S. foreign policies.

Economics and finance
The United Kingdom froze Japanese assets, and Japan froze American and British assets.

75 years ago
1946


War
At the Nuremberg trial of accused Nazi war criminals, U.S. Chief Prosecutor Robert Jackson called for the conviction of 22 Nazi defendants for subjugating Germany to a police state; waging wars; disregarding international law in warfare; enslaving populations; and exterminating Christians and Jews. Former French Prime Minister and Vichy cabinet minister Pierre-Etienne Flandin was sentenced in Paris to five years of national dishonour, but the court annulled the penalty due to his long imprisonment.

Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State James Byrnes distanced the United States from the Palestine division plan proposed the previous day by the Anglo-American cabinet committee.

Defense
The U.S. House and Senate passed and sent to President Harry Truman a version of the disputed MacMahon atomic energy bill, which provided for a five-man control commission without military representation, and allowed the Army and Navy to manufacture atomic weapons with presidential approval.

Transportation
Aloha Airlines began service from Honolulu International Airport.

Labour
U.S. President Truman signed the Labor Security National Labor Relations Board bill, which returned the U.S. Employment Service to the states on November 15, 1946.

70 years ago
1951


At the movies
Walt Disney's 13th animated film, Alice in Wonderland, received its premiere screening at the Leicester Square Theatre in London.



Died on this date
James Mitchell, 85
. Australian politician. Sir James, a Nationalist, entered Western Australian state politics in 1906, and directed the state's agriculture before serving two terms as Premier (1919-1924, 1930-1933). His government, like many others, had difficulty dealing with the Depression, and Sir James not only lost his government in 1933, but his seat. He then served as Lieutenant-Governor (1933-1948) and Governor (1948-1951) of Western Australia. Sir James retired on June 30, 1951, and died just 26 days later, while on board a train during an overnight stop in southwestern W.A.

Television
The U.S. Federal Communications Commission eased its 34-month ban on opening new stations and changes in operating facilities.

War
Truce negotiators meeting at Kaesong agreed on a five-point agenda for the talks, including the adoption of a cease-fire line and demilitarized zone, precise arrangements for putting the cease-fire into effect, and a prisoner-of-war exchange.

Defense
The U.S. Army announced plans to disband its last and oldest all-Negro regiment, the 25th Division's 24th Infantry Regiment serving in Korea, as part of its desegregation program.

World events
An Ethiopian special tribunal in Addis Ababa handed down death sentences for eight men, including Bitwoded Negash, former president of Parliament, accused of plotting to assassinate Emperor Haile Selassie and set up an Ethiopian republic.

Politics and government
Italian Prime Minister Alcide de Gasperi formed a new cabinet--his seventh--consisting mostly of centrist Christian Democrats.

The U.S. House of Representatives defeated a Republican Party effort to oust Secretary of State Dean Acheson from the cabinet by cutting off his salary.

Law
The International Law Commission ended a 10-week meeting in Geneva after urging the United Nations General Assembly to adopt a 12-point definition of "crimes against the peace," including genocide, armed aggression, and encouragement of civil strife in a foreign country.

Crime
The U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation arrested 12 more secondary Communist Party U.S.A. leaders, including California party chairman William Schneiderman, on conspiracy charges.

Economics and finance
U.K. Chancellor of the Exchequer Hugh Gaitskell announced plans for a limit on company dividends as well as greater wage and price controls to combat inflation.

The U.S. Wage Stabilization Board approved traditional Christmas bonuses, provided they were customary and did not exceed 25% of the recipient's annual salary.

50 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Eagle Rock--Daddy Cool (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Watashi no Jōkamachi--Rumiko Koyanagi

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Fin de Semana--Los Diablos

Died on this date
Diane Arbus, 48
. U.S. photographer. Mrs. Arbus specialized in photographing people on the margins of society who were creating their own identities, and succeeded in having her photographs published in prestigious magazines. She was married to actor Allan Arbus from 1941-1969, but suffered from bouts of depression, and committed suicide by ingesting barbiturates and cutting her wrists with a razor. Mrs. Arbus's fame and influence has increased since her death, and has been the subject of numerous exhibits.

Space
Apollo 15, with David Scott (Commander), Al Worden (Command Module Pilot), and Jim Irwin (Lunar Module Pilot) aboard, lifted off for the moon from Cape Kennedy, Florida.





Boxing
Former world heavyweight champion Muhammad Ali (32-1) won a technical knockout over former World Boxing Association heavyweight champion Jimmy Ellis (30-7) at 2:10 of the 12th round at the Astrodome in Houston. It was the only time that Mr. Ali's longtime trainer, Angelo Dundee, wasn't in his corner; Mr. Dundee was in Mr. Ellis's corner for this fight. Mr. Ellis was a former sparring partner of Mr. Ali. For Mr. Ali, it was his first fight since losing a unanimous 15-round decision to current world champion Joe Frazier on March 8.



Former world welterweight and middleweight champion Emile Griffith (70-11) won a unanimous 10-round decision over French middleweight champion Nessim Max Cohen (22-6-7) at Madison Square Garden in New York.

40 years ago
1981


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Stars on 45--Stars on 45 (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes (4th week at #1)

Golf
Pat Bradley shot a 66 on the final round to edge Beth Daniel by one stroke to win the U.S. Women's Open at La Grange Country Club in Illinois. Her total score of 279 was a record for the Open that stood for seven years.



Football
CFL
Edmonton (3-1) 33 @ Montreal (1-3) 17

This was probably the best game that former Los Angeles Rams' quarterback Vince Ferragamo played during his brief and unsuccessful career with the Alouettes. Chris Walby saw some action at defensive tackle for Montreal; it was the first game of a 16-year CFL career that eventually earned him a place in the Canadian Football Hall of Fame.



30 years ago
1991


Radio
Canadian disc jockey Don Percy, who had been with Vancouver-area AM station CISL since January 1988, did his last morning show with the station. He returned to Winnipeg, where he had experienced his greatest career success, to become the morning man at FM station CKLU.

Scandal
Comedian Paul Reubens, better known as Pee-wee Herman, was arrested in Sarasota, Florida for masturbating during a film at a pornographic movie theatre.

Crime
About 2,000 youths rioted in Penticton, British Columbia after a concert by rap star MC Hammer; they smashed and looted downtown stores, and wrecked tourist establishments along the beach. 90 were jailed, with 60 treated for injuries.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (0-3) 16 @ Saskatchewan (1-2) 52

Baseball
Mark Gardner of the Montreal Expos pitched a no-hitter for 9 innings against the Los Angeles Dodgers before 38,957 fans at Dodger Stadium, but Lenny Harris beat out an infield single in the bottom of the 10th, and 2 more hits followed, including a single by Darryl Strawberry to drive in the game's only run as the Dodgers won 1-0. The Expos managed just 2 hits against Los Angeles pitchers Orel Hershiser, Kevin Gross, and Jay Howell.



Devon White singled and eventually scored on an error by third baseman Kevin Seitzer with 1 out in the bottom of the 11th inning to give the Toronto Blue Jays a 6-5 win over the Kansas City Royals before 50,326 fans at SkyDome in Toronto.

The Oakland Athletics scored 3 runs in the top of the 9th inning to break a 9-9 tie and defeat the Baltimore Orioles 12-9 before 43,207 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Ernie Riles hit a grand slam for Oakland with 2 out in the 5th inning to give the Athletics a 7-3 lead. The Athletics led 9-3 after 6 1/2 innings, but the Orioles scored 6 runs in the bottom of the 7th to tie the game, with the last 4 runs coming on a grand slam by pinch hitter Dwight Evans.

Errors by center fielder Gary Pettis and catcher Ivan Rodriguez led to an unearned run by Tony Phillips in the top of the 10th inning, giving the Detroit Tigers a 3-2 win over the Texas Rangers before 40,383 fans at Arlington Stadium. John Kiely made his major league debut with the Tigers, entering the game as a pitcher to begin the 8th inning. He surrendered a double to Juan Gonzalez and was promptly relieved by Paul Gibson.

25 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): e.p.--Gyllene Tider

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (7th week at #1)

Died on this date
Max Winter, 93
. Czech-born U.S. sports executive. Mr. Winter moved with his family to Minneapolis in 1922, and became a successful restaurateur. He became a part owner of the Minneapolis Lakers in 1947, and was one of the founding owners of the Minnesota Vikings, who joined the National Football League as an expansion team in 1961 after initially being approved as a charter franchise in the American Football League. Mr. Winter was team president from 1965-1987, but sold his share of the team in 1985, to the chagrin of his partners. He died 27 days after his 93rd birthday.

Scandal
Former Roman Catholic bishop Hubert O'Conner was convicted of sex crimes committed at St. Joseph's Mission near Williams Lake, British Columbia in the late 1960s.

Football
CFL
Toronto (4-1) 40 @ Saskatchewan (2-3) 16

10 years ago
2001


Football
CFL
Edmonton (2-2) 6 @ Montreal (4-0) 34



Winnipeg (2-2) 19 @ Hamilton (3-1) 24

10 years ago
2011


Died on this date
Frank Foster, 82
. U.S. musician. Mr. Foster was a jazz saxophonist, bandleader, and arranger who was perhaps best known for performing with Count Basie and leading the Count Basie Orchestra (1986-1995). His numerous honours included Grammy Awards in 1987 and 1990 while leading the Count Basie Orchestra. Mr. Foster died of kidney failure.

Sakyo Komatsu, 80. Japanese author and screenwriter. Mr. Komatsu wrote science fiction novels, short stories, and film and television scripts. He was best known for the novels Fukkatsu no hi (Virus) (1964); Japan Sinks (1973); and Sayonara Jupiter (1982). Mr. Komatsu died of pneumonia.

Richard Harris, 63. U.S.-born football player and coach. Mr. Harris played defensive end at Grambling College, earning All-American honours in 1970, his senior year. He played in the National Football League with the Philadelphia Eagles (1971-1973); Chicago Bears (1974-1975); and Seattle Seahawks (1976-1977), retiring after a series of knee injuries. Mr. Harris coached indoor football through the 1990s, and moved to the Canadian Football League, serving as a defensive line coach with the British Columbia Lions (2001-2004); Ottawa Renegades (2005); and Winnipeg Blue Bombers (2006-2011). He was named assistant head coach in 2011, but died of a heart attack in his office minutes after the conclusion of a team practice.

Joe Arroyo, 55. Colombian musician. Mr. Arroyo, aka El Joe, was a salsa and tropical music singer and songwriter who achieved success as the lead singer of the group Fruko y sus Tesos (1971-1981) and as a solo artist thereafter. He long suffered from health problems, and died of multiple organ failure.

Disasters
A Royal Moroccan Air Force Lockheed C-130 Hercules crashed near Guelmim Airport in Guelmim, Morocco, killing all 80 people on board.