Tuesday, 30 June 2009

July 9, 2009

1,140 years ago
869


Disasters
An earthquake and subsequent tsunami struck the area around Sendai, Japan, resulting in about 1,000 casualties and leaving sand deposits up to 2.5 miles inland.

400 years ago
1609


Religion
Bohemia was granted freedom of religion through the Letter of Majesty by Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II.

220 years ago
1789


Politics and government
In Versailles, the National Assembly reconstituted itself as the National Constituent Assembly and began preparations for a French constitution.

190 years ago
1819

Born on this date
Elias Howe
. U.S. inventor. Mr. Howe invented the first practical sewing machine, which he patented on September 10, 1846. He died at the age of 48 on October 3, 1867.

130 years ago
1879


Born on this date
Ottorino Respighi
. Italian composer. Mr. Respighi wrote several operas and ballets, and numerous orchestral and choral works, but was best known for the orchestral tone poems Fountains of Rome (1916); Pines of Rome (1924); and Roman Festivals (1928). He died of endocarditis on April 18, 1936 at the age of 56.

120 years ago
1889


Born on this date
Léo Dandurand
. U.S.-born Canadian sports executive. Mr. Dandurand, a native of Illinois, moved with his family to Canada at the age of 16. He was a referee in the National Hockey Association and owned the Montreal Canadiens of the National Hockey League from 1921-1935. Mr. Dandurand coached the team from 1921-26 and 1934-35, winning the Stanley Cup in 1924. He was one of the founders of the Montreal Alouettes of the Interprovincial Provincial Football Union in 1946, and the team won the Grey Cup in 1949. Mr. Dandurand also owned a number of horse racing tracks. He was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1963. Mr. Dandurand died on June 26, 1964, 13 days before his 75th birthday.

100 years ago
1909


Born on this date
Basil Wolverton
. U.S. cartoonist. Mr. Wolverton was known for his grotesque caricatures. His work appeared in such magazines as Life in the 1940s and Mad in the 1950s. Mr. Wolverton was an elder in Herbert W. Armstrong's Worldwide Church of God from 1943 until his death on December 31, 1978 at the age of 69.

80 years ago
1929


Died on this date
Cack Henley, 44 or 45
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Clarence T. Henley played with the San Francisco Seals (1905-1913) and Venice/Vernon Tigers (1914-1915) of the Pacific Coast League, and the Pueblo Indians (1906) of the Western League, compiling a record of 225-178 in 484 games, all but 13 of which were played in the PCL. In 1909 he was 31-10 with an earned run average of 1.56 as he helped the Seals win the PCL pennant, and in 1910 was 34-19 with a 1.76 ERA while setting a PCL record with 33 consecutive complete games. Mr. Henley had three other seasons with 20 or more wins. On June 8, 1909, he pitched a 24-inning 1-0 shutout over the Oakland Oaks, allowing just 9 hits and 1 base on balls. He was inducted into the Pacific Coast League Hall of Fame in 2003.

60 years ago
1949


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): The Pussy Cat Song (Nyow! Nyot Nyow!)--Patty Andrews and Bob Crosby

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard) (Best Seller): Riders in the Sky (A Cowboy Legend)--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra (9th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Riders in the Sky (A Cowboy Legend)--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra (6th week at #1)
--Burl Ives
2 Again--Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra
--Mel Torme
--Vic Damone
--Doris Day and the Mellomen
3 Some Enchanted Evening--Perry Como
--Bing Crosby
4 Baby, it's Cold Outside--Margaret Whiting and Johnny Mercer
--Dinah Shore and Buddy Clark
--Ella Fitzgerald and Louis Jordan and his Tympany Five
--Don Cornell and Laura Leslie
5 Forever and Ever--Russ Morgan and his Orchestra
--Perry Como
6 "A" You're Adorable (The Alphabet Song)--Perry Como with the Fontane Sisters
--Jo Stafford and Gordon MacRae
7 I Don't See Me in Your Eyes Anymore--The Stardusters with Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra
--Perry Como
8 Bali Ha'i--Perry Como
--Bing Crosby
9 Careless Hands--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
--Bing Crosby
--Mel Torme
10 A Wonderful Guy--Margaret Whiting

The only single entering the chart was You're Breaking My Heart by Vic Damone (#35).

On the radio
Tales of Fatima, starring Basil Rathbone, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: The Sleeping Dog

Died on this date
Fritz Hart, 75
. U.K.-born composer and conductor. Mr. Hart wrote 23 operas and 514 songs, as well as a symphony and other works. He conducted the Melbourne Symphony Orchestra (1928-1937) and the Honolulu Symphony Orchestra (1937-1949). Mr. Hart died of a cardiac disorder.

Diplomacy
John Cabot, U.S. Consul General in Shanghai, charged the Communists with arresting and severely beating Deputy Consul William Olive.

Crime
An Alabama grand jury investigating Ku Klux Klan terrorism indicted 17 men, including Police Chief Elmer Brock of Brookside, Alabama, for participating in or aiding illegal KKK activities.

Education
The U.S. National Education Association ended a seven-day meeting in Boston after voting overwhelmingly in favour of a resolution urging the elimination of all Communists from the teaching profession.

Labour
Honolulu police arrested 100 striking longshoremen for violating a newly-enacted ordinance banning interference with workers going to their jobs.

Golf
Bobby Locke shot a 9-under-par 135 to finish 12 strokes ahead of Harry Bradshaw in a 36-hole playoff to win the British Open at Royal St George's Golf Club in Sandwich, England. First prize money was £300. It was the first of four Open championships for Mr. Locke.



50 years ago
1959


Divorced on this date
U.S. actress Debbie Reynolds was divorced from U.K. actor and television producer Anthony Bartley in Santa Monica, California.

Politics and government
Irish Prime Minister Sean Lemass offered Northern Ireland federation in a united Irish state with the right to retain "a separate parliament with local powers."

40 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Something in the Air--Thunderclap Newman (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Herbert Hoover, Jr., 65
. U.K.-born U.S. bureaucrat. Mr. Hoover, the eldest son of former U.S. President Herbert Hoover, was born in London while his father was working there as an engineer. Mr. Hoover, Jr. was a communications executive and an adviser to foreign governments before serving as U.S. Undersecretary of State from 1954-1957. He died three days after suffering a stroke, and 26 days before his 66th birthday.

War
The first troops came home to the United States as part of U.S. President Richard Nixon's program of gradual withdrawal from Vietnam.

Education
The United States Department of Justice intensified its school desegregation efforts by accusing the board of education of Chicago and the state board in Georgia of segregation. The department contended that Chicago practiced faculty segregation and that Georgia maintained an unconstitutional dual system.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Hamilton (1-0) 22 @ Edmonton (0-1) 21

Baseball
Tom Seaver improved his 1969 record to 14-3 and came within 2 outs of a perfect game as the New York Mets blanked the Chicago Cubs 4-0 before 50,709 fans at Shea Stadium in New York for their second straight victory in a crucial series of games. Obscure rookie outfielder Jimmy Qualls hit a single with one out in the 9th inning to ruin Mr. Seaver’s bid for perfection.

Richie Hebner led off the bottom of the 10th inning with a triple and scored on a single by Jose Martinez to give the Pittsburgh Pirates a 4-3 win over the Montreal Expos in the first game of a doubleheader before 9,372 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. Don Bosch entered the game for Montreal in the 8th inning as a pinch runner and remained in center field, batting 0 for 1 with a run and a putout in the 146th and last game of his 4-year major league career. In the second game, Fred Patek singled with 2 out and nobody on base in the bottom of the 8th, and pinch hitter Willie Stargell doubled him home to break a 2-2 tie as the Pirates won 3-2 to complete the sweep. The Expos had runners on second and third bases with none out in the 9th, but Mack Jones lined into a double play and Bob Bailey grounded out to end the game.

Joe Coleman pitched a 3-hitter and struck out 11 batters as the Washington Senators shut out the Cleveland Indians 3-0 before 10,667 fans at Robert F. Kennedy Stadium in Washington. U.S. President Richard Nixon was at the game; it was the fourth game he’d been to at RFK Stadium that year, and the first one that the Senators had won.

Bobby Murcer's error after a double by Brooks Robinson with 1 out in the bottom of the 10th inning allowed Boog Powell to score the winning run as the Baltimore Orioles edged the New York Yankees 6-5 before 19,793 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore.

Pete Ward's 3-run home run with 1 out in the bottom of the 8th inning enabled the Chicago White Sox to defeat the Oakland Athletics 6-5 before 6,464 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Bill McNulty started in left field for Oakland and batted 0 for 3, making 2 putouts and an assist in his first major league game.

30 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Pop Muzik--M

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Kimi no Asa--Satoshi Kishida (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Born to Be Alive--Patrick Hernández (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
Cornelia Otis Skinner, 80
. U.S. actress and writer. Miss Skinner was best known for her one-woman stage performances, often based on her own writings. Her best-known book was Our Hearts Were Young and Gay (1942), co-written with Emily Kimbrough, and based on their European tour after college.

World events
In Iran, the Ayatollah Khomeini declared a general amnesty for "offenses committed under the past regime," except for murder and torture. The decree affected about 3,000 political prisoners.

Defense
The United States Senate Foreign Relations Committee opened hearings on the SALT-II (Strategic Arms Limitation Talks) treaty. Secretary of State Cyrus Vance testified, "The issue we face is not whether does everything we would like it to do, either from an arms control or security perspective. The issue is whether we are better served with this treaty or without it. I think the answer to that is clear." He also said, "We cannot expect to shift the bargain more to our favor." Defense Secretary Harold Brown, under questioning by Republican Senator Howard Baker, said that it was "probably true" that under the treaty the explosive power contained in Soviet land-based intercontinental missiles would rise from a present level of about twice that of U.S. land missiles to three or four times by 1985, when the treaty expired.

Oil
After receiving personal assurances from Saudi Deputy Premier Prince Fahd, the administration of U.S. President Jimmy Carter announced that Saudi Arabia was "substantially" increasing its production of crude oil. Officials close to the Saudis said that the increase would be one million barrels per day for at least three months. The increase was considered sufficient to eliminate most of the world’s oil shortage for a few months.

25 years ago
1984


Politics and government
After just nine days in office, Canadian Prime Minister John Turner called a federal election for September 4. Mr. Turner’s last act before calling the election was to make a number of patronage appointments to various positions, a task that Mr. Turner claimed to have been forced upon him by outgoing Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau.

Protest
In Nicaragua,Miguel Obando y Bravo, the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Managua, led a church-sponsored march to show support for Rev. Luis Amado Pena, a priest arrested in June and charged with a plot against the Sandanista government. About 27 priests and 300 other people joined the procession. Later, the government ordered 10 foreign priests who had participated in the march to leave Nicaragua.

Disasters
York Minster cathedral in England was badly damaged by fire. Eyewitnesses reported that a strange cloud had hung over the building for hours, before fire fell from heaven in the wee hours--not mere lightning but a spectacular electrical storm. On Friday, July 6, David Jenkins had been consecrated as Bishop of Durham despite publicly expressing heretical beliefs. On Saturday, the General Synod of the Church of England, meeting at York, declined to take any action. In his Sunday morning sermon in the Minster, Archbishop Habgood did not rebuke Mr. Jenkins. That night God decided to make His own comment.

20 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): If You Don't Know Me by Now--Simply Red (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: The Look--Roxette (7th week at #1)

Diplomacy
U.S. President George Bush arrived in Warsaw to begin his first visit to eastern Europe since becoming President.

Horse racing
With Approval, with Don Seymour up, won the 130th running of the Queen's Plate at Woodbine Race Track in Toronto in a time of 2:03.

10 years ago
1999


Died on this date
James Farmer, 79
. U.S. social activist and politician. Mr. Farmer co-founded the organization that became known as the Congress of Racial Equality, serving as its first national director (1942-1966). He promoted nonviolent action to oppose racial segregation, and organized the first Freedom Ride in the southern United States in 1961. Mr. Farmer was Assistant Secretary of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare in the administration of U.S. President Richard Nixon (1969-1970), but quit the position in frustration with Washington bureaucracy. He died from complications of diabetes.

Robert de Cotret, 55. Canadian politician. Mr. de Cotret, a native of Ottawa, was President and Chief Executive Officer of the Conference Board of Canada from 1976-1978 before entering federal politics as a Progressive Conservative. After winning a by-election in Ottawa Centre in October 1978 he was defeated in the 1979 federal election, but was appointed to the Senate by Prime Minister Joe Clark, who put him in the cabinet as Minister of Industry, Trade and Commerce. Mr. de Cotret resigned from the Senate to run in the 1980 federal election, but was defeated again. He was elected in 1984 and re-elected in 1988, and held various posts in the cabinet of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney.

Protest
Days of student protests began after Iranian police and hardliners attacked a student dormitory at the University of Tehran.

Law
The Supreme Court of Canada ruled that children could not sue their mothers for injuries suffered while in the womb. The ruling was on a 1993 case brought by Gerald Price on behalf of his grandson, injured in a car crash.

The Supreme Court of Canada unanimously ruled that Canada's immigration officers must consider children's best interests before deporting their illegal immigrant parents.

Football
CFL
British Columbia (1-0) 25 @ Edmonton (0-1) 13

The Lions' win over the Eskimos before 33,404 fans at Commonwealth Stadium ended the Eskimos’ season-opening winning streak at 21 games. The Eskimos’ last previous loss in a season opener had been against the Winnipeg Blue Bombers at Clarke Stadium on July 18, 1977, when Elvis Presley was still alive. The game marked the regular season debut of Don Matthews as head coach of the Eskimos, whose only touchdown was scored by Marcus Crandell, who relieved Nealon Greene (making his Eskimo debut) at quarterback in the second half. Matt Kellett, playing his first CFL game, kicked 2 field goals and a convert for the Eskimos’ other points. Robert Drummond scored 2 touchdowns, and Rocky Henry another, for the Lions. Troy Mills rushed 12 times for 74 yards for the Eskimos, but left with a leg injury in the third quarter, and was lost for several weeks. This blogger assisted the TSN broadcast crew in the press box for this game.

Monday, 29 June 2009

July 8, 2009

910 years ago
1099


War
15,000 starving Christian soldiers began the siege of Jerusalem by marching in a religious procession around the city as its Muslim defenders watched.

300 years ago
1709


War
Russian forces commanded by Czar Peter the Great defeated Swedish forces of King Charles XII in the Battle of Poltava in what is now Ukraine.

170 years ago
1839


Born on this date
John D. Rockefeller
. U.S. oil magnate. Mr. Rockefeller co-founded Standard Oil Company and the University of Chicago, becoming the first American billionaire and the world's richest man. He was known for philanthropy in his later years and died on May 23, 1937 at the age of 97.

150 years ago
1859


Died on this date
Oscar I, 60
. King of Sweden and Norway, 1844-1859. Oscar I acceded to the throne upon the death of his father Charles XIV. He instituted liberal reforms and improved ties between Sweden and Norway. King Oscar I's health declined in the 1850s, and he became paralyzed in 1857. He died four days after his 60th birthday, and was succeeded by his son Charles XV.

130 years ago
1879


Exploration
The American sailing ship USS Jeannette departed San Francisco carrying an ill-fated expedition to the North Pole.

120 years ago
1889


Journalism
The Wall Street Journal began publication.

Boxing
In the first American sporting event to receive national press coverage, John L. Sullivan retained his world heavyweight title with a 75-round knockout over Jake Kilrain in Richburg, Mississippi. 3,000 spectators arrived on special trains to witness the last bare-knuckle heavyweight title fight, fought under the London Prize Ring rules. The fight, refereed by John Fitzpatrick, started at 10:30 A.M. Mr. Sullivan vomited in the 44th round and appeared to be on the way to losing, but he got a second wind, and began to get the better of the fight after that. Mr. Kilrain’s second, Mike Donovan, threw the sponge into the ring after the 75th round. Mr. Kilrain thought he could outlast Mr. Sullivan, but Mr. Donovan thought his fighter may have died if the fight had continued.

Baseball
The New York Giants opened the new Polo Grounds at 155th Street and 8th Avenue with a 7-5 victory over the Pittsburgh Alleghenys.

110 years ago
1899


Labour
Militia troops were called in to stop a riot during a two-day streetcar workers strike in London, Ontario.

100 years ago
1909


Born on this date
Ike Petersen
. U.S. football player. Mr. Petersen was a back with the Chicago Cardinals (1935) and Detroit Lions (1936), rushing 136 times for 575 yards and 3 touchdowns, catching 10 passes for 75 yards, and completing 5 of 23 passes for 92 yards with 1 touchdown and 4 interceptions. He rushed 84 yards for a touchdown in 1936, which was the longest rushing play in the National Football League that year. Mr. Petersen died on August 6, 1995 at the age of 86.

90 years ago
1919


Politics and government
U.S. President Woodrow Wilson received a tumultuous welcome in New York City after his return from the Versailles Peace Conference in France.

Baseball
Jack Coombs resigned as manager of the Philadelphia Phillies, who were in last place in the National League with a record of 18-44. He was replaced by outfielder Gavy Cravath, who went on to lead the NL in home runs at the age of 38 despite playing in only 83 of 138 games.

75 years ago
1934


Music
The Vancouver Symphony Orchestra performed in the Malkin Bowl in Stanley Park for the first time.

Baseball
The Boston Red Sox swept a doubleheader from the Philadelphia Athletics 7-4 and 7-2 before 24,000 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Jimmie Foxx hit his 25th and 26th home runs of the season in the first game, while Bob Johnson hit his 25th for the Athletics in the same game. Boston leadoff hitter Max Bishop tied his own major league record by drawing 8 bases on balls in the doubleheader.

70 years ago
1939


Died on this date
Havelock Ellis, 80
. U.K. physician. Dr. Ellis was a pioneering researcher in sexology, and wrote the first medical textbook on homosexuality. He was also a supporter of eugenics.

60 years ago
1949


On television tonight
Your Show Time, hosted and narrated by Arthur Shields, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Cricket on the Hearth, starring Heather Wilde

Literature
Nancy Mitford's novel Love in a Cold Climate, a sequel to The Pursuit of Love (1945), was published in New York by Random House.

Died on this date
Harold Knerr, 66
. U.S. cartoonist. Mr. Knerr wrote and drew several comic strips before replacing Rudolph Dirks as writer and artist of The Katzenjammer Kids from 1914 until his death from heart disease. Doc Winner then took over the comic strip.

War
U.S. and U.S.S.R. patrols clashed on the border between East and West German near Coburg, resulting in one Soviet death.

Greek government forces reported the capture of Mount Kaimakchalan, a guerrilla strongpoint on the Yugoslav frontier.

Crime
The New York perjury trial of former U.S. State Department official Alger Hiss ended inconclusively as the jury failed to reach a verdict. U.S. Representative Richard Nixon (Republican--California) accused judge Samuel Kaufman of favouring the defense, and demanded a House of Representatives Un-American Activities Committee investigation of the trial, claiming that the truth about Mr. Hiss must "not be left in doubt because of technicalities."

Politics and government
Nuclear physicist Enrico Fermi and California Institute of Technology President Lee Du Bridge, testifying before the Joint Congressional Atomic Energy Committee, opposed Federal Bureau of Investigation examination of AEC fellowship applicants as a step toward a police state.

Economics and finance
U.S. Treasury Secretary John Snyder began talks in London with U.K. Chancellor of the Exchequer Sir Stafford Cripps on the solution of Britain's balance of payments problem. The U.K. and U.S.S.R. announced a one-year trade agreement permitting Britain to avoid grain purchases in Canada and the United States by buying Soviet wheat.

The U.S. Congress completed action on a compromise public housing program providing $308 million in federal subsidies for the construction of 810,000 new dwelling units over six years and $325 million in loans and grants for farm housing construction.

Baseball
Outfielder Monte Irvin and infielder Hank Thompson, brought up from the Jersey City Giants of the International League three days earlier, became the first Negroes to play for the New York Giants. Mr. Thompson started at second base against the Brooklyn Dodgers, while Mr. Irvin came in to pinch hit for Clint Hartung in the 8th inning. When Mr. Thompson faced Brooklyn pitcher Don Newcombe, it marked the first time in major league history that a Negro pitcher had faced a Negro batter. The Dodgers won 4-3 before 34,468 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. Mr. Thompson batted 0 for 3 with a base on balls, a sacrifice, and a run, with 4 putouts and 3 assists. Mr. Irvin drew a base on balls.

Marv Rickert led off the top of the 16th inning with a single and scored on an outfield fly by Del Crandall to break a 3-3 tie as the Boston Braves edged the Philadelphia Phillies 4-3 before 11,238 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia.

50 years ago
1959


Defense
The U.S.A. informed the NATO Permanent Council in Paris that 200 Air Force jet fighters based at NATO airfields in France would be transferred to the United Kingdom and West Germany.

New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller announced that he would call for legislative approval of measures to require the incorporation of nuclear bomb shelters in all new buildings and homes in the state.

Politics and government
The French Community Council voted to act against efforts by Ghana and Guinea to form a pan-African federation with French Community states.

Indonesian President Sukarno appointed a 10-member "inner cabinet," taking the post of Prime Minister for himself.

U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed a $4.68-billion Agriculture Department appropriations bill.

Disasters
A Danish excursion launch exploded and burned near Hadersley, Denmark, killing 55 passengers.

Boxing
Jose Becerra (58-4-3) knocked out defending champion Alphonse Halimi (27-2) at 2:02 of the 8th round to win the world bantamweight title at Los Angeles Memorial Sports Arena in the first event held at the facility, which had officially opened four days earlier.



40 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Mendocino--Sir Douglas Quintet (4th week at #1)

On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Carleton Hobbs and Norman Shelley, on BBC 2
Tonight's episode: The Lion's Mane

This adaptation of The Lion's Mane, by Michael Hardwicke, had Dr. Watson as the narrator; the original A. Conan Doyle story was one of two (The Blanched Soldier was the other) in which Sherlock Holmes was telling the story.

Died on this date
Red Rolfe, 60
. U.S. baseball player and manager. Mr. Rolfe played 1 game in 1931 and was the regular third baseman for the New York Yankees from 1934-1942, batting .289 with 69 home runs and 497 runs batted in in 1,175 games, playing for five World Series-winning teams. His best season was 1939, when he hit .329 and led the American League in runs (139), hits (213), and doubles (46). Shortly before his death he was named the third baseman on the all-time Yankees' team. After his playing career ended, Mr. Rolfe served as the baseball and basketball coach at Yale University from 1943-1946, coached the Toronto Huskies of the Basketball Association of America in 1946-47, and then managed the Detroit Tigers from 1949-1952. After finishing second in 1950, 3 games behind the Yankees, the Tigers' performance declined, and Mr. Rolfe became increasingly unpopular with his players. He was fired in mid-season of 1952, when the Tigers were in last place in the American League with a dismal 23-49 record, and a 278-256 overall record under Mr. Rolfe. Mr. Rolfe died after along battle with kidney disease.

Politics and government
A new cabinet was formed in Libya, with Mahmoud Sulayman al-Maghrabi as Prime Minister.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Montreal (0-2) 0 @ Winnipeg (1-0) 18

Baseball
The New York Mets scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 9th inning off Chicago Cubs' ace pitcher Ferguson Jenkins to defeat the Cubs 4-3 before 55,096 fans at Shea Stadium in New York in the first game of an important series between the top teams in the National League East Division. Chicago center fielder Don Young misplayed a couple of balls in the 9th inning, and third baseman Ron Santo publicly criticized him for it. Mr. Santo later admitted that this was the biggest mistake of his career. Mr. Young dressed and left the stadium quickly after the game, and didn't take the team bus to the hotel. The story of this three-game series, the three-game series at Wrigley Field in Chicago the following week, and the three games that the Mets played at home against the Montreal Expos between the games vs. the Cubs was told in a book titled The Year the Mets Lost Last Place (1969) by Paul Zimmerman and Dick Schaap.

30 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Lay Your Love on Me--Racey

#1 single in Switzerland: Pop Muzik--M (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, 73
. Japanese physicist. Dr. Tomonaga shared the 1965 Nobel Prize in Physics with Richard Feynman and Julian Schwinger "for their fundamental work in quantum electrodynamics (QED), with deep-ploughing consequences for the physics of elementary particles." Dr. Tomonaga died of throat cancer.

Michael Wilding, 66. U.K. actor. Mr. Wilding appeared in several films with Anna Neagle, and Under Capricorn (1949) and Stage Fright (1950), both directed by Alfred Hitchcock. Mr. Wilding was married to Elizabeth Taylor from 1952-1957; he died 15 days before his 67th birthday, when he fell down a flight of stairs during an epileptic seizure.

Robert Burns Woodward, 62. U.S. chemist. Dr. Woodward, widely regarded as the preeminent organic chemist of the 20th century, was awarded the 1965 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for his outstanding achievements in the art of organic synthesis."

Diplomacy
Talks ended in Vienna among Austrian Chancellor Bruno Kreisky, former West German Chancellor Willy Brandt, and Palestine Liberation Organization leader Yasser Arafat. A joint statement expressed "concern" over Israeli settlements in the occupied territories, and cited the Palestinian issue as "the central problem of the Middle East conflict."

Oil
Explosions at major pipelines in Iran eliminated 80% of the production of the Abadan refinery, producing continued concern among world leaders about the fragility of the world’s supply.

Economics and finance
China announced its first law on joint ventures which provided certain guarantees and incentives designed to attract foreign investors.

Baseball
Outfielder Ben Oglivie was the hero as the Milwaukee Brewers swept a doubleheader from the Detroit Tigers before 39,141 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. He hit home runs in his first 3 plate appearances in the first game as the Brewers won 5-4, and drove in the winning run as they won the second game 3-1.

Luis Tiant pitched a 1-hitter and Reggie Jackson led off the 2nd inning with a home run to provide the necessary scoring as the New York Yankees shut out the Oakland Athletics 2-0 before 13,483 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Rickey Henderson singled to lead off the 4th with the only Oakland hit.

Jerry Royster singled home Pepe Frias with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Atlanta Braves a 6-5 win over the St. Louis Cardinals before 4,160 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium. The Cardinals had scored 3 runs in the top of the 9th to tie the score 5-5.

25 years ago
1984


Abominations
In his Sunday morning sermon, Archbishop Habgood of York declined to rebuke David Jenkins, who had been newly consecrated as the Church of England's Bishop of Durham, after Mr. Jenkins had publicly expressed opinions that constituted a denial of the Christian faith. Later in the day, a strange cloud began hanging over York Minster cathedral.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (0-1-1) 27 @ Hamilton (1-0-1) 27
Toronto (1-1) 26 @ Winnipeg (1-1) 28

The Tiger-Cats tied the game against the Roughriders at Ivor Wynne Stadium on a 2-point convert pass from Dieter Brock to Rocky DiPietro. The reason they needed a touchdown and 2-point convert to tie the game was because Hamilton head coach Al Bruno had foolishly gone for a 2-point convert after the Tiger-Cats’ previous touchdown had reduced the Roughriders’ lead from 27-13 to 27-19. If he’d just gone for the 1-point convert then, Saskatchewan’s lead would have been reduced to 7 points, and the Tiger-Cats could have gone with a 1-point convert to tie the game or a 2-point convert to win at the end. The first 2-point attempt was unsuccessful, making it necessary to go for a 2-point convert on the last touchdown just to get the tie. There was no overtime in regular season games in those days.

20 years ago
1989


#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Express Yourself--Madonna

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Marina (Remix 89)--Rocco Granata & the Carnations (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): No More Boleros--Gerard Joling (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Johnny, Johnny Come Home--Avalanche (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Back to Life (However Do You Want Me)--Soul II Soul featuring Caron Wheeler (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Good Thing--Fine Young Cannibals
2 Baby Don't Forget My Number--Milli Vanilli
3 If You Don't Know Me by Now--Simply Red
4 Express Yourself--Madonna
5 Toy Soldiers--Martika
6 I Drove All Night--Cyndi Lauper
7 Miss You Like Crazy--Natalie Cole
8 Satisfied--Richard Marx
9 Buffalo Stance--Neneh Cherry
10 What You Don't Know--Expose

Singles entering the chart were Right Here Waiting by Richard Marx (#44); Don't Wanna Lose You by Gloria Estefan (#55); If I Could Turn Back Time by Cher (#89); 18 and Life by Skid Row (#91); Open Letter (To a Landlord) by Living Colour (#92); Love Has Taken its Toll by Saraya (#93); Turned Away by Chuckii Booker (#95); and (You're My One and Only) True Love by Seduction (#97).

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Good Thing--Fine Young Cannibals
2 Baby Don't Forget My Number--Milli Vanilli
3 Satisfied--Richard Marx
4 Express Yourself--Madonna
5 I Drove All Night--Cyndi Lauper
6 This Time I Know it's for Real--Donna Summer
7 If You Don't Know Me by Now--Simply Red
8 Miss You Like Crazy--Natalie Cole
9 Buffalo Stance--Neneh Cherry
10 Every Little Step--Bobby Brown

Singles entering the chart were Right Here Waiting by Richard Marx (#53); Don't Wanna Lose You by Gloria Estefan (#63); The Prisoner by Howard Jones (#77); Keep on Movin' by Soul II Soul (#79); All I Want is You by U2 (#82); Shower Me with Your Love by Surface (#90); and Come Home with Me Baby by Dead or Alive (#95).

World events
Former Nigerian cabinet minister Umaru Dikko, who had been freed by British authorities after being kidnapped and drugged in London, was taken to an undisclosed location after being examined in a hospital. Mr. Dikko, who fled Nigeria after a military coup in December 1983, had been accused by Nigeria’s new government of stealing millions of dollars.

10 years ago
1999


Died on this date
Pete Conrad, 69
. U.S. astronaut. Mr. Conrad became the third man to walk on the moon when he commanded the Apollo 12 mission in November 1969. Known for his humour, Mr. Conrad, who was shorter than his lunar predecessor, Neil Armstrong said on touching the lunar surface, "That may have been a small step for Neil, but it was a long one for me." Mr. Conrad was one of the nine astronauts who comprised the second group of astronauts who joined the U.S. manned space program in 1962. His first space mission was Gemini 5 in August 1965, where he served as pilot on an eight-day mission commanded by Gordon Cooper. Mr. Conrad's first assignment as commander was Gemini 11 in September 1966, where his pilot was Dick Gordon. Mr. Conrad and Mr. Gordon, along with Alan Bean, were the Apollo 12 crew. Mr. Conrad stayed with the space program long enough to command Skylab 1 in 1973; his crewmates were Dr. Joe Kerwin and Paul Weitz. Pete Conrad was killed in a motorcycle accident on a highway near Ojai, California, just 10 days after he had finished taping a television documentary about the Apollo 12 mission with Messrs. Gordon and Bean for the Speed Vision cable channel. During the taping, Mr. Conrad got choked up when he mentioned C.C. Williams, who had been killed in a plane crash in 1967 shortly after being assigned as lunar module pilot for Apollo 12 (Alan Bean replaced him). The Apollo 12 crew paid tribute to Mr. Williams by taking his flight wings to the moon, and having four stars displayed on the official flight patch, the fourth representing C.C. Williams.

Protest
The previous day’s court ban of a moderate newspaper led to student protests. Members of an Islamic vigilante group attacked demonstrating students in Tehran, and police stormed a dormitory. Many students were beaten, and at least one was killed.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (1-0) 39 @ Winnipeg (0-1) 9

This was Dave Ritchie’s first regular season game as head coach of the Winnipeg Blue Bombers.

Sunday, 28 June 2009

July 7, 2009

890 years ago
1119


Born on this date
Sutoku
. Emperor of Japan, 1123-1142. Sutoku ascended the Chrysanthemum Throne at the age of 4 upon the abdication of his father Toba. Emperor Sutoku also abdicated and was succeeded by his younger brother Emperor Konoe. Sutoku died on September 14, 1164 at the age of 45.

110 years ago
1899


Born on this date
George Cukor
. U.S. film director. Mr. Cukor won the Academy Award for Best Director for My Fair Lady (1964). His other movies included Dinner at Eight (1933); David Copperfield (1935); Romeo and Juliet (1936); Camille (1936); The Women (1939); The Philadelphia Story (1940); A Woman's Face (1941); Gaslight (1944); A Double Life (1947); Adam's Rib (1949); and A Star is Born (1954). Mr. Cukor died on January 24, 1983 at the age of 93.

100 years ago
1909


Born on this date
Gottfried von Cramm
. German tennis player. Baron Cramm won the men's singles competition at the French Championships in 1934 and 1936, men's doubles competition at both the French and U.S. championships in 1937, and mixed doubles at Wimbledon in 1933. He was ranked number one in the world in 1937, when he had his most famous match, a loss to Don Budge of the United States in the Davis Cup Interzonal semi-finals. Baron Cramm was at his peak during the early years of the Nazi regime in Germany, and his homosexuality led to difficulties with the regime. He served time in prison on morals charges, and was conscripted into military service during World War II. Baron Cramm was able to resume his tennis career in West Germany after World War II, and became a successful businessman. He was killed in a car accident near Cairo on November 9, 1976 at the age of 67.

75 years ago
1934

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.S.A.: Moonglow--Benny Goodman

Duke Ellington, Cab Calloway, and Glen Gray also had versions of Moonglow that placed high on the charts at the time.

70 years ago
1939


Died on this date
Deacon White, 91
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. White was a catcher, third baseman, and first baseman with 2 teams in the National Association from 1871-1875 and another 6 teams in the major leagues from 1876-1890. He was one of the game's biggest stars in the early days of major league baseball, batting .303 with 18 home runs and 602 runs batted in in 1,299 major league games. Mr. White's best season was 1877, when he led the NL in batting percentage (.387); slugging percentage (.545); hits (103); triples (11); and runs batted in (49) with the Boston Red Caps. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2013.

Golf
Dick Burton won the British Open at the Old Course at St. Andrews, Scotland with a 2-under-par score of 290, 2 strokes ahead of Johnny Bulla. First prize money was £100.



Baseball
The Sacramento Solons defeated the San Francisco Seals 5-4 in a Pacific Coast League exhibition game played inside Folsom Prison.

60 years ago
1949


On television tonight
Volume One, hosted by Wyllis Cooper, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Number Four, starring Nancy Sheridan and James Monks

World events
Reinforced by Syrian troops, the Lebanese Army put down an attempted revolt by the right-wing Popular Syrian party.

Diplomacy
The Tibetan State Council expelled representatives of the Chinese Nationalist government from the region.

The International Refugee Organization adopted plans in Geneva for winding down operations and going out of existence by mid-1950.

Politics and government
New York Governor Thomas Dewey appointed Republican Party foreign affairs adviser John Foster Dulles to fill the U.S. Senate seat vacated by the resignation of Democrat Robert Wagner.

The U.S. Senate Appropriations Committee approved a rider to the Atomic Energy Commission supply bill calling for Federal Bureau of Investigation of all AEC fellowship applicants.

Crime
The New York espionage trial of U.S. Justice Department employee Judith Coplon and Valentin Gubitchev, scheduled for July 11, was postponed to mid-October because of a crowded court calendar.

Agriculture
The International Wheat Council, headed by F. Sheed Anderson of the United Kingdom, was established in Washington to supervise operation of the International Wheat Agreement.

Economics and finance
U.S. Treasury Secretary John Snyder concluded three days of talks with French Finance Minister Maurice Petsche on means of increasing trade among Western nations and between Eastern and Western Europe.

Labour
U.K. troops began to unload food on the London waterfront to combat an unauthorized strike of dock workers supporting the striking Canadian Seamen's Union.

50 years ago
1959


Space
Venus occulted the star Regulus; this rare event was used to determine the diameter of Venus and the structure of the Venerian atmosphere.

Diplomacy
U.S.S.R. Premier Nikita Khrushchev invited U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower to visit Russia, promising him "unlimited possibility of meeting our peoples and talking with them."

The U.S. State Department, in retaliation for Hungarian restrictions on U.S. envoys, restricted travel by Hungarian diplomats to within 25 miles of New York and Washington.

World events
The Cuban government decreed long prison terms or death penalties for Cubans or foreigners convicted of counter-revolutionary activity.

Uganda Governor Sir Frederick Crawford banished six leaders of the outlawed Uganda National Movement to remote areas for instigating violence in a recent African boycott of Asian shops.

Politics and government
Erich Ollenhauer, Chairman of West Germany's Social Democratic Party, announced that he would not serve as Chancellor if the Socialists won general elections in 1961.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Eisenhower vetoed the omnibus housing bill as inflationary.

Baseball
First Major All-Star Game @ Forbes Field, Pittsburgh
American League 4 @ National League 5

Hank Aaron of the Milwaukee Braves singled home Ken Boyer of the St. Louis Cardinals with the tying run and Willie Mays of the San Francisco Giants followed with a triple to score Mr. Aaron with the deciding run as the NL scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning to edge the AL before 35,277 fans. The AL had scored 3 runs with 2 out in the top of the 8th to take a 4-3 lead. In an attempt to increase the amount of money going to the players' pension fund, the major leagues decided to hold two All-Star Games from 1959-1962. Don Drysdale of the Los Angeles Dodgers was the NL’s starting pitcher, and pitched 3 perfect innings.



40 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Minatomachi Blues--Shinichi Mori (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Get Back--The Beatles with Billy Preston (2nd week at #1)

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Spinning Wheel--Blood, Sweat & Tears
2 Good Morning Starshine--Oliver
3 Love Theme from Romeo and Juliet--Henry Mancini, his Orchestra and Chorus
4 In the Ghetto--Elvis Presley
5 Love Me Tonight--Tom Jones
6 One--Three Dog Night
7 The Ballad of John and Yoko--The Beatles
8 Black Pearl--Sonny Charles & the Checkmates, Ltd.
9 Israelites--Desmond Dekker and the Aces
10 Crystal Blue Persuasion--Tommy James and the Shondells

Singles entering the chart were Laughing by the Guess Who (#59); Clean Up Your Own Back Yard by Elvis Presley (#64); Manhattan Spiritual by Sandy Nelson (#71); Hurry Hurry by the Fireballs (#72); I'd Rather Be an Old Man's Sweetheart (Than a Young Man's Fool) by Candi Staton (#79); Early Morning by the Collectors (#85); Willie and Laura Mae Jones by Dusty Springfield (#86); Muddy River by Johnny Rivers (#87); Soul Deep by the Box Tops (#88); Hey Joe by Wilson Pickett (#90); Pass the Apple Eve by B.J. Thomas (#91); Where Do I Go/Be-in (Hare Krishna) by the Happenings (#92); Abergavenny by Shannon (#93); Abraham, Martin and John by Smokey Robinson and the Miracles (#95); Never Comes the Day by the Moody Blues (#96); Everything I Do Gonh Be Funky (From Now On) by Lee Dorsey (#96); Gotta Get to Know You by Bobby Bland (#99); and Don't Tell Your Mama (Where You've Been) by Eddie Floyd (#100).

On the radio
The Challenge of Space, on Springbok Radio
Tonight's episode: 10 Miles to the Moon

Died on this date
Bonny
. U.S. astromonk. The 14-pound macaque monkey died at midnight, 12 hours after landing in the Pacific Ocean 25 miles off Kauai, Hawaii following 130 orbits of the earth in Biosatellite 3. The spacecraft had been launched from Cape Kennedy, Florida on June 28 on a mission intended for 30 days. However, the decision was made to end the mission when Bonny appeared sluggish and no longer interested in performing his simple space chores. Observers described Bonny as limp but alive when flown by helicopter to Hickam air force base in Hawaii, where he was kept under intensive care in a laboratory trailer. A doctor reported "his heartbeat is 68 per minute and steady." NASA spokesman Brad Evans said, "It was sudden. He had been in fair condition just before."

War
United Nations Secretary-General U Thant told the UN Security Council that "open warfare has been resumed" throughout the Suez Canal cease-fire area.

Roman Catholic Suffragan Bishop of Munich Matthias Defregger was officially identified as the captain of a wartime anti-partisan German Army unit in Italy who in 1944 passed on an order for the execution of 17 unarmed Italian villagers. A Frankfurt official disclosed that the bishop had been the subject of a 1968 Nazi war crimes investigation. The bishop, he said, had not denied giving the order for the shootings in reprisal for the partisan killing of four German soldiers, but he had declined to execute the order himself.

Defense
United States Senator J.W. Fulbright (Democrat--Arkansas) disclosed a "secret agreement," under which U.S. soldiers were stationed in Thailand to support that country’s military forces. The agreement was described as a South East Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) extension and addition.

Abominations
The Canadian House of Commons passed Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau's Official Languages Act, declaring French and English to be the official languages of Canada, making French equal to English in federal institutions, and easing francophone access to the federal public service.

30 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in Zimbabwe Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Sultans of Swing--Dire Straits (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Tu Sei l'Unica Donna Per Me--Alan Sorrenti (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland: Do You Want Your Oul Lobby Washed Down--Brendan Shine (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Are 'Friends' Electric?--Tubeway Army (2nd week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Reunited--Peaches & Herb
2 Theme from 'The Deer Hunter' (Cavatina)--The Shadows
3 Bright Eyes--Art Garfunkel
4 Boogie Wonderland--Earth, Wind & Fire with the Emotions
5 Weekend Love--Golden Earring
6 Dance Away--Roxy Music
7 Lavender Blue--Mac Kissoon
8 I was Made for Lovin' You--Kiss
9 Tell it All About Boys--Dolly Dots
10 When You're in Love with a Beautiful Woman--Dr. Hook

Singles entering the chart were Rendezvous 6:02 by UK (#27); Good Times by Chic (#30); (No More) Fear of Flying by Gary Brooker (#31); Talk to Me by Third World (#36); and Sunburn by Graham Gouldman (#40). Sunburn was the title song of the movie.

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Ring My Bell--Anita Ward (2nd week at #1)
2 Bad Girls--Donna Summer
3 Hot Stuff--Donna Summer
4 Chuck E.'s in Love--Rickie Lee Jones
5 She Believes in Me--Kenny Rogers
6 The Logical Song--Supertramp
7 Boogie Wonderland--Earth, Wind & Fire with the Emotions
8 We are Family--Sister Sledge
9 Makin' It--David Naughton
10 I Want You to Want Me--Cheap Trick

Singles entering the chart were After the Love Has Gone by Earth, Wind & Fire (#77); Goodbye Stranger by Supertramp (#78); Girl of My Dreams by Bram Tchaikovsky (#81); Oh Well by the Rockets (#84); Sweets for My Sweet by Tony Orlando (#85); When I Dream by Crystal Gayle (#86); Here I Go (Fallin' in Love Again) by Frannie Golde (#87); Keep on Running Away by Lazy Racer (#88); and Different Worlds by Maureen McGovern (#89).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Ring My Bell--Anita Ward (2nd week at #1)
2 Bad Girls--Donna Summer
3 We are Family--Sister Sledge
4 Chuck E.'s in Love--Rickie Lee Jones
5 Boogie Wonderland--Earth, Wind & Fire with the Emotions
6 Hot Stuff--Donna Summer
7 She Believes in Me--Kenny Rogers
8 Shine a Little Love--Electric Light Orchestra
9 I Want You to Want Me--Cheap Trick
10 The Logical Song--Supertramp

Singles entering the chart were After the Love Has Gone by Earth, Wind & Fire (#66); Girl of My Dreams by Bram Tchaikovsky (#82); Goodbye Stranger by Supertramp (#84); I Do Love You by GQ (#85); Long Live Rock by the Who (#86); Sweets for My Sweet by Tony Orlando (#88); You've Got Another Thing Coming by Hotel (#89); The Boss by Diana Ross (#90); Oh Well by the Rockets (#94); Keep on Running Away by Lazy Racer (#96); I Know a Heartache When I See One by Jennifer Warnes (#97); and Baby I Want You by Funky Communications Committee (#98).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 The Logical Song--Supertramp (2nd week at #1)
2 Love You Inside Out--Bee Gees
3 We are Family--Sister Sledge
4 Hot Stuff--Donna Summer
5 You Take My Breath Away--Rex Smith
6 Reunited--Peaches & Herb
7 Chuck E.'s in Love--Rickie Lee Jones
8 Goodnight Tonight--Wings
9 Heart of Glass--Blondie
10 She Believes in Me--Kenny Rogers

Singles entering the chart were Light My Fire by Amii Stewart (#81); Anybody Wanna Party? by Gloria Gaynor (#83); I'll Know Her When I See Her by the Cooper Brothers (#87); Armageddon by Prism (#89); The Main Event/Fight by Barbra Streisand (#92); Morning Dance by Spyro Gyra (#96); I'll Never Love this Way Again by Dionne Warwick (#98); and Kiss in the Dark by Pink Lady (#100).

Abominations
In Beijing, China and the United States signed a three-year trade pact that gave China most-favored nation tariff treatment. American officials estimated that trade with China under the pact could double from its 1978 level of $1.1 billion. U.S. law barred the extension of most-favored nation status to countries that did not allow free emigration, such as the U.S.S.R. Critics of the pact, such as Rev. Carl McIntire, were quick to point out that the number of Christians killed by the Communist regime in China was more than the number of Jews killed by the Nazis in Germany.

Baseball
The Philadelphia Phillies lost 8-6 to the San Francisco Giants before 42,047 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia, despite Mike Schmidt hitting home runs in his first 3 plate appearances. The home runs were the Philadelphia third baseman's second, third, and fourth straight, tying the major league record. Mike Ivie hit 2 homers for the Giants.

The Kansas City Royals scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 9th inning to defeat the Chicago White Sox 4-3 before 31,760 fans at Royals Stadium.

George Medich and Jim Kern combined to pitch a 1-hitter for the Texas Rangers as they shut out the Toronto Blue Jays 2-0 before 23,935 fans at Arlington Stadium. John Mayberry singled with 2 out in the 2nd inning for the only Toronto hit. The Rangers scored both their runs in the 6th inning on a ground out by Buddy Bell and a wild pitch by Dave Lemanczyk, who pitched a 7-hit complete game in taking the loss.

25 years ago
1984


Terrorism
The airplane bound for Nigeria that was to have carried crates containing former Nigerian cabinet minister Umaru Dikko, who had been kidnapped and drugged before being found by British authorities on July 5, was freed after being detained for three days. Similarly, Nigerian authorities released a British plane that they had detained in retaliation. Four men, including the three kidnappers in the crates, were charged with kidnapping. Three of these were Israelis. Altogether, Britain arrested 17 people in the plot, but 13 were released.

Units of the reconstituted Lebanese army finished three days of movement through Beirut, taking positions from the rival militia units that had taken control of the city in February.

Diplomacy
In Stockholm, the 35-nation Conference on Confidence- and Security-Building Measures and Disarmament in Europe adjourned for the summer after failing to agree on a format for further talks.

Abominations
The Church of England General Synod, meeting at York, declined to take any action against the newly-consecrated Bishop of Durham, David Jenkins, despite Mr. Jenkins' public expression of opinions that constituted a denial of the Christian faith.

Disasters
A northbound Amtrak train derailed near Williston, Vermont and crashed into a ravine, killing 5 and injuring 153.

Football
CFL
Calgary (1-1) 16 @ Ottawa (1-1) 17

Ottawa linebacker Al Washington set a CFL record with a 104-yard fumble return, and his touchdown was the key play as the Rough Riders edged the Stampeders at Lansdowne Park.

20 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Das Omen (Teil I)--Mysterious Art (2nd week at #1)

Music
The Grateful Dead, with Bruce Hornsby and the Range as the opening act, performed at John F. Kennedy Stadium in Philadelphia. It turned out to be the last event ever held at the 63-year-old facility; six days later, Philadelphia Mayor Wilson Goode ordered the stadium closed. It was demolished in 1992.

Law
The Louisiana state Senate voted to ask the state to enforce strict anti-abortion laws in effect before the U.S. Supreme Court’s 1973 Roe v. Wade decision.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that the national unemployment rate had risen to 5.2% in June, up 0.1% from May.

10 years ago
1999


War
The President of Sierra Leone, Ahmad Tejan Kabbah, signed a peace pact with Foday Sankoh, head of the Revolutionary United Front. The agreement granted amnesty to the rebels and four cabinet seats in a new government. Whether the agreement would end the eight-year civil war remained to be seen; a previous peace agreement had later collapsed.

Militant leaders in Kashmir vowed to continue fighting to establish an autonomous Islamic state in the area, which had been in dispute between India and Pakistan since 1947.

Law
A 6-member Miami-Dade County jury in Miami held leading tobacco companies liable for various illnesses in smokers. The class-action lawsuit, filed in 1994 against the tobacco companies on behalf of Florida smokers, was the first of its type to come to trial. After eight months of testimony, the jury concluded that cigarettes were addictive and could cause at least 20 diseases, and that the companies had sold a defective product and conspired to mislead the public about the dangers of smoking. The decision was subject to appeal, and represented only the first phase of the trial. Damages and claims of individual Florida residents were to be taken up in a second and third phase, respectively.

Journalism
A court in Iran banned publication of a leading moderate newspaper.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (0-1) 18 @ Calgary (1-0) 28

The defending Grey Cup champion Stampeders' win over the Roughriders at McMahon Stadium was the first game for Cal Murphy as head coach of the Roughriders, and the first for veteran middle linebacker Willie Pless in a Saskatchewan uniform.

July 6, 2009

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Ancamaria!

820 years ago
1189


Died on this date
Henry II, 56
. King of England, 1154-1189. Henry II, the grandson of Henry I, succeeded to the throne upon the death of King Stephen. Henry II's reign included the regaining of territory that had belonged to England during his grandfather's reign; revision of England's legal system; and the murder of Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Becket. Henry II died from the effects of a bleeding ulcer. He was succeeded as king by Richard I (Lionheart).

230 years ago
1779


War
French naval forces commanded by Comte D'Estaing defeated British forces commanded by Admiral John Byron in the Battle of Grenada in the West Indies.

220 years ago
1789


Born on this date
María Isabella
. Queen consort of the Two Sicilies, 1825-1830. María Isabella was the daughter of King Carlos IV of Spain and his wife Maria Luisa of Parma, although it was rumoured that her father was actually Prime Minister Manuel Godoy, Queen Maria Luisa's lover. María Isabella married Francesco, Duke of Calabria in 1801, and became Queen consort upon her husband's accession to the throne as King Francis I. King Francis died in 1830, and was succeeded by his and María Isabella's son Ferdinand II. María Isabella led an active romantic life after the death of King Francis, and married a younger man in 1839. She died on September 13, 1848 at the age of 59.

200 years ago
1809


Died on this date
Antoine Charles Louis de Lasalle, 34
. French military officer. Comte de Lasalle, nicknamed "The Hussar General," was known for his daring exploits in Italy, Egypt, Prussia, Spain, and Austria. He was killed in the Battle of Wagram.

War
French forces commanded by Emperor Napoleon I won a decisive but costly victory over Austrian forces in the two-day Battle of Wagram, north of Vienna.

180 years ago
1829


Born on this date
Frederick VIII, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein
. Danish royal family member. Frederick VIII was the German pretender to the throne of Schleswig-Holstein from 1863-1866, although the Kingdom of Prussia held real administrative power. He died on January 14, 1880 at the age of 50.

150 years ago
1859


Born on this date
Verner von Heidenstam
. Swedish poet and author. Mr. Heidenstam was awarded the 1916 Nobel Prize in Literature "in recognition of his significance as the leading representative of a new era in our literature." He was known for his works that celebrated Swedish history and scenery. Mr. Heidenstam died on May 20, 1940 at the age of 80.

100 years ago
1909


Born on this date
Eric Reece
. Australian politician. Mr. Reece, a member of the Labour Party, sat in the Tasmanian House of Assembly from 1946-1975. He was a cabinet member in various portfolios fro 1946 until he succeeded Sir Robert Cosgrove as Premier of Tasmania in 1958, and served as Premier from 1958-1969 and 1972-1975. Mr. Reece died on October 23, 1999 at the age of 90.

90 years ago
1919


Aviation
The British dirigible R34 landed in Mineola, New York, four days after departing Scotland, completing the first crossing of the Atlantic Ocean by an airship.

80 years ago
1929


Baseball
The St. Louis Cardinals and Philadelphia Phillies split a doubleheader before 10,000 fans at Baker Bowl in Philadelphia. The Phillies won the opener 10-6, to extend the Cardinals’ losing streak to 11 games. The Cardinals came back in the second game, amassing 28 hits in winning 28-6, scoring 10 runs in each of the 1st and 5th innings; the run and hit totals were National League highs for the 20th century. June Greene, the fourth and last Philadelphia pitcher in the second game, allowed 12 hits and 11 runs--all earned--in 4 2/3 innings, walking 3 batters and striking out 1, while doubling and drawing a base on balls at bat in the 32nd and last game of his 2-year major league career.

75 years ago
1934


Baseball
Ernie Lombardi had 5 hits, including a triple and home run, and 6 runs batted in, to lead the Cincinnati Reds to a 16-15 win over the St. Louis Cardinals at Sportsman’s Park in St. Louis. The final out of the game came when Leo Durocher of the Cardinals was thrown out at home plate.

The Boston Braves and Philadelphia Phillies combined for 41 hits as the Braves won 16-13 at Baker Bowl in Philadelphia. Hal Lee led the Braves with 4 hits, 3 of them home runs.

The Boston Red Sox had 20 hits, including 3 by winning pitcher Wes Ferrell, as they beat the Philadelphia Athletics 18-6.

70 years ago
1939


Abominations
The last remaining Jewish-owned businesses in Germany were closed.

60 years ago
1949


Died on this date
Ike Caveney, 54
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Caveney was a shortstop with the Cincinnati Reds (1922-1925), batting .260 with 13 home runs and 196 runs batted in in 466 games. He played at least 1,734 games in 17 seasons in the minor leagues from 1914-1934. He played with the San Francisco Seals of the Pacific Coast League (1919-1921, 1928-1934), and managed them from 1932-1934, when his players included Vince and Joe DiMaggio.

World events
Indonesian President Ahmed Sukarno returned to Jakarta following Dutch withdrawal from the city.

Politics and government
Detroit Mayor Eugene Van Antwerp established a loyalty board to supervise the dismissal of alleged Communists on the city payroll.

Weather
A 41-day drought and heat wave in the northeastern United States ended.

Economics and finance
Poland joined other Comintern countries in suspending trade with Yugoslavia.

Labour
U.S. Steel rejected union demands for a wage increase, leading United Steel Workers of America President Philip Murray to threaten a nationwide steel strike by mid-month.

Baseball
The Cincinnati Reds amassed 26 hits in routing the Chicago Cubs 23-4 before 4,036 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Catcher Walker Cooper led the attack, batting 6 for 7 with 3 home runs, 5 runs, and 10 runs batted in.

Johnny Hopp singled home 2 runs to cap a 3-run 9th-inning as the Pittsburgh Pirates beat the St. Louis Cardinals 4-3 before 32,983 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh.

Jerry Priddy singled home Tom Ferrick with the bases loaded and none out in the bottom of the 13th inning to give the St. Louis Browns a 6-5 win over the Detroit Tigers before 3,237 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. The Tigers had scored a run in the top of the 12th to take a 5-4 lead, only to have the Browns tie the score on a home run by Jack Graham with 2 out in the bottom of the 12th.

50 years ago
1959


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Diana--Paul Anka (9th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 The Battle of New Orleans--Johnny Horton (6th week at #1)
2 Lonely Boy--Paul Anka
3 Personality--Lloyd Price
4 Dream Lover--Bobby Darin
5 Lipstick on Your Collar--Connie Francis
6 Waterloo--Stonewall Jackson
7 Tallahassee Lassie--Freddy Cannon
8 Bobby Sox to Stockings--Frankie Avalon
9 Frankie--Connie Francis
10 Tiger--Fabian

Singles entering the chart were A Big Hunk o' Love by Elvis Presley (#43); Sweeter than You by Ricky Nelson (#53); Ragtime Cowboy Joe by David Seville and the Chipmunks (#65); Bei Mir Bist Du Schön by Louis Prima and Keely Smith (#78); What'd I Say (Parts I and II) by Ray Charles and his Orchestra (#82); Ten Thousand Drums by Carl Smith (#84); Sea of Love by Phil Phillips with the Twilights (#85); What is Love? by the Playmates (#89); Lonely Guitar by Annette (#96); Sweet Sugar Lips by the Kalin Twins (#97); and Crackin' Up by Bo Diddley (#98).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 The Battle of New Orleans--Johnny Horton (8th week at #1)
2 Personality--Lloyd Price
3 Frankie/Lipstick on Your Collar--Connie Francis
4 Waterloo--Stonewall Jackson
5 Tallahassee Lassie--Freddy Cannon
6 Lonely Boy--Paul Anka
7 Bongo Rock--Preston Epps
8 My Heart is an Open Book--Carl Dobkins, Jr.
9 Tiger--Fabian
10 Kansas City--Wilbert Harrison

Singles entering the chart were Ragtime Cowboy Joe by David Seville and the Chipmunks (#42); Lavender-Blue by Sammy Turner (#43); What is Love? by the Playmates (#50); Ten Thousand Drums by Carl Smith (#53); Bei Mir Bist Du Schön by Louis Prima and Keely Smith (#54); Lonely Guitar by Annette (#55); Here Comes Summer by Jerry Keller (#56); Cherrystone by the Addrisi Brothers (#58); On an Evening in Roma by Dean Martin (#59); and Martinique by Martin Denny (#60).

Space
Moscow radio announced that two dogs and a rabbit had been sent to the "upper atmosphere" in a single-stage rocket and had been brought back alive and in good condition.

Diplomacy
The Hungarian government restricted members of the U.S. legation staff in Budapest to the city and its environs unless granted special travel permits.

Politics and government
Accepting Prime Minister Djuanda's resignation, Indonesian President Ahmed Sukarno announced that he would become both chief of state and head of government under the revived 1945 constitution.

Labour
The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization reported in its 1958 production yearbook that the percentage of people engaged in farm work had declined between 1942 and 1957.

40 years ago
1969


War
Fighting in Vietnam increased sharply, although confined to short engagements, leading to speculation about whether the current lull in North Vietnamese and Viet Cong activity was over.

Abominations
The Washington Square United Methodist Church in New York City became the first predominantly white religious organization to give money to the National Black Economic Development Conference when they handed the group’s chief spokesman, James Foreman, a cheque for $15,000. Mr. Foreman had demanded that American white religious institutions pay $500 million in "reparations" for past injustices to Negroes. Of course, 40 years later such demands are referred to using such terms as "a process of reconciliation" instead of by the more accurate term "extortion."

Football
CFL
Pre-season
British Columbia (0-1) 10 @ Calgary (1-0) 23

30 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Hallelujah--Milk & Honey (10th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Pop Muzik--M (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Born to Be Alive--Patrick Hernandez (15th week at #1)

Died on this date
Van McCoy, 39
. U.S. musician. Mr. McCoy was a pianist and singer who had a successful career as a songwriter, arranger, and producer. He was best known for the instrumental single The Hustle, a major hit single in 1975, credited to Van McCoy and the Soul City Symphony. Mr. McCoy died of a heart attack.

Diplomacy
Egypt and Israel agreed to a plan by United States Middle East envoy Robert Strauss to form "working groups" to hammer out issues in stalemated talks on Palestinian self-rule in the West Bank and Gaza.

Energy
U.S. President Jimmy Carter called top aides and energy advisors to a "weekend summit" at Camp David, two days after postponing a major address on his administration’s energy policy.

25 years ago
1984


World events
Nigerian authorities detained a British airplane in retaliation for the British detention of a plane that was to have flown to Nigeria carrying crates containing former Nigerian cabinet minister Umaru Dikko, who had been kidnapped and drugged the previous day before being found by British police at Stansted Airport, 30 miles north of London.

Abominations
The Church of England consecrated David Jenkins as Bishop of Durham despite his public expression of opinions that denied fundamental doctrines of the Christian faith.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that the national unemployment rate had fallen to 7.0% in June, the lowest level since the spring of 1980.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (1-1) 10 @ British Columbia (1-0) 44

B.C. receiver Jim Sandusky, playing his first CFL game, caught a touchdown pass from Roy Dewalt as the Lions routed the Eskimos at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. The Eskimos’ touchdown came on a pass from Matt Dunigan to Brian Kelly. It was the 5th touchdown in 2 games for Mr. Kelly, all on passes from Mr. Dunigan. Playing their first game with the Eskimos were punter and backup quarterback Johnny Evans and wide receiver Chris Woods. Mr. Woods, a graduate of Auburn University in Alabama, wore #72 in the game instead of his usual #74. After the pre-game warmup, he cut off the bottom of his regular jersey, only to find out that wearing such a jersey wasn’t allowed in the Canadian Football League, in contrast to U.S. college football; the team also billed him for the cost of his cut-up #74 jersey.

20 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Finnish Singles Chart): Minä olen muistanut--Kim Lönnholm (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): And a Bang on the Ear--The Waterboys

Died on this date
János Kádár, 77
. Hungarian politician. Mr. Kádár was General Secretary of the Hungarian Socialist Workers (Communist) Party from 1956-1988, in effect leader of that country's Communist dictatorship. He took office in the wake of the U.S.S.R.'s suppression of the Hungarian Revolution in 1956, governing until old age an economic difficulties led to his resignation.

War
A group of nine Indian tribes across Canada signed a mutual defence treaty to go to one another's aid in confrontations with authorities.

Diplomacy
U.S.S.R. President Mikhail Gorbachev was in Strasbourg, France to address the Council of Europe, a parliament representing Western European nations. In an apparent assurance that the U.S.S.R. would not intervene in the liberalization movements underway in Poland and Hungary, he said, "Any interference in domestic affairs and any attempt to restrict the sovereignty of states...are inadmissible." Mr. Gorbachev renewed a call for negotiations on reducing or eliminating short-range nuclear missiles in Europe, but U.S. President George Bush replied that a reduction in conventional arms had to come first.

Terrorism
A Palestinian extremist grabbed the wheel of a bus west of Jerusalem and caused it to crash and kill 16 passengers.

10 years ago
1999


Died on this date
Joaquín Rodrigo, 97
. Spanish composer. Mr. Rodrigo, who went blind at the age of 3 and wrote his compositions in Braille, was a pianist who was known for his compositions for guitar. His best-known work is Concierto de Aranjuez (1940).

Barry Winchell, 21. U.S. soldier. Private First Class Winchell was stationed at Fort Campbell, Kentucky, and was dating a transfreak. PFC Winchell died a day after being clubbed with a baseball bat by fellow soldier Calvin Glover, which led to a review of the military's "Don't ask, don't tell" policy on homosexuality. Mr. Glover was sentenced to life in prison.

War
Russian troops entered the Yugoslavian province of Kosovo, as per Russia’s agreement with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

Politics and government
Ehud Barak was sworn in as Prime Minister of Israel. His government, embracing seven parties from the political centre and left, had control of 75 of the 120 seats in the Knesset. Mr. Barak pledged to act boldly to achieve a final settlement with the Palestinians (but without giving up any of Jerusalem), and he said he would also seek peace with Syria. Mr. Barak decided to serve as his own defense minister; as foreign minister he named David Levy, who had held the position for a time under the previous Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu.

Saturday, 27 June 2009

July 5, 2009

180 years ago
1829


Born on this date
Ignacio Mariscal
. Mexican politician. Mr. Mariscal was Secretary of Foreign Affairs in the administrations of Presidents Benito Juárez (1871-1872) and Porfirio Diaz (1880-1883, 1885-1910). He died in office on April 17, 1910 at the age of 80.

130 years ago
1879


Born on this date
Dwight F. Davis
. American tennis player and politician. Mr. Davis was a star amateur tennis player in the late 1890s and early 1900s, and founded the Davis Cup competition. He was a Republican who served as Assistant U.S. Secretary of War (1923-1925) and Secretary of War (1925-1929) in the administration of President Calvin Coolidge, and then as Governor-General of the Philippines from 1929-1932. Mr. Davis died on November 28, 1945 at the age of 66.

120 years ago
1889


Born on this date
Jean Cocteau
. French author and film director. Mr. Cocteau was known for novels such as Les Enfants Terribles (1929) and films such as Blood of a Poet (1930); Beauty and the Beast (1946); and Orpheus (1949). He died on October 11, 1963 at the age of 74.

Died on this date
John Norquay, 48
. Canadian politician. Mr. Norquay, of Anglo-Métis ancestry, was born near St. Andrews in Red River Colony, which became the province of Manitoba in 1870. A Conservative, he sat in the Manitoba Legislative Assembly from 1870 until his death, holding various cabinet posts, and serving as Premier from 1878-1887. Mr. Norquay died after a period of declining health. Mount Norquay in Banff National Park in Alberta was named in his honour in 1904.

110 years ago
1909


Canadiana
Parliament adopted the Act to Incorporate the Society for the Advancement of Science, Humanities and Arts of Canada.

Transportation
The first streetcars rolled through Calgary.

75 years ago
1934


Baseball
Lou Gehrig hit an inside-the-park grand slam to help the New York Yankees to an 8-3 win over the Washington Nationals. It was Mr. Gehrig’s 17th career major league grand slam, breaking Babe Ruth’s record. Mr. Gehrig added another home run and two singles, driving in 7 runs.

60 years ago
1949


On the radio
Philo Vance, starring Jackson Beck
Tonight’s episode: The White Murder Case

Died on this date
Luther Hilton Foster, 61
. U.S. academic. Mr. Foster was President of Virginia State College and head of the Association of Negro Land Grant Colleges. His son Luther, Jr. was President of Tuskegee University from 1953-1981.

Diplomacy
The U.S. Senate confirmed the appointment of Washington hostess Pearl Mesta as U.S. Minister to Luxembourg.

Defense
The Argentine government announced defense expenditures totalling more than one-quarter of its 4.87-billion peso 1950 budget.

Politics and government
The U.S.A., U.S.S.R., U.K., and France ordered their Berlin military commanders to begin negotiations for renewal of joint four-power rule of the city.

Crime
The trial of Iva Toguri, accused of treason for wartime propaganda radio broadcasts in Japan as "Tokyo Rose," began in San Francisco.

Law
The Texas legislature passed a law providing penalties ranging from imprisonment to death for members of lynch mobs.

Science
The William Warner Company in New York announced the development of a new method for synthesizing Vitamin A on a commercial scale.

Disasters
Two plagues of locusts moved through Nevada, Wyoming, and Montana through the past two days, stripping cattle ranches and prairies.

Baseball
The New York Giants bought their first Negro players--outfielder Monte Irvin and third baseman Hank Thompson--from the Jersey City Giants of the International League.

50 years ago
1959


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Ce serait dommage--Sacha Distel (4th week at #1)

Germanica
Reunification of the Saar with West Germany was completed with the reintegration of the state within the West German economy.

Politics and government
Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion resigned after members of his cabinet opposed him in a confidence vote on the sale of Israeli arms to West Germany.

Indonesian President Sukarno issued decrees dissolving the Constituent Assembly and replacing the 1950 provisional constitution with the 1945 charter.

Diplomacy
Italy rejected U.S.S.R. Premier Nikita Khrushchev's Balkan peace zone plan.

Oil
A U.S.-Canadian consortium announced an agreement for joint exploitation of untested oil and gas lands in the Northwest Territories.

40 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Hair--The Cowsills (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): In the Ghetto--Elvis Presley

#1 single in France: Oh Happy Day--The Edwin Hawkins Singers (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Pensando a te--Al Bano

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Israelites--Desmond Dekker and the Aces (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): The Ballad of John and Yoko--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): The Ballad of John and Yoko--The Beatles

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Get Back/Don't Let Me Down--The Beatles with Billy Preston (5th week at #1)
2 Hair--The Cowsills
3 Israelites--Desmond Dekker and the Aces
4 The Real Thing--Russell Morris
5 Bad Moon Rising/Lodi--Creedence Clearwater Revival
6 Gitarzan--Ray Stevens
7 Love Me Tonight--Tom Jones
8 Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In (The Flesh Failures)--The 5th Dimension
9 Dear Prudence--Doug Parkinson in Focus
10 Goodbye--Mary Hopkin

Singles entering the chart were The Ballad of John and Yoko/Old Brown Shoe by the Beatles (#25); My Old Man's a Groovy Old Man by the Valentines (#37); Love is All I Have to Give by the Checkmates, Ltd. (#38); Come Back and Shake Me by Clodagh Rodgers (#39); and Frozen Orange Juice by Peter Sarstedt (#40).

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 The Ballad of John and Yoko--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)
2 Je t'aime...mon non plus--Jane Birkin avec Serge Gainsbourg
3 Tomorrow Tomorrow--The Bee Gees
4 A Salty Dog--Procol Harum
5 Big Bamboo--The Merrymen
6 I Want to Live--Aphrodite's Child
7 Oh Happy Day--The Edwin Hawkins Singers
8 Time is Tight--Booker T. & the M.G.'s
9 Pretty Belinda--Chris Andrews
10 Stop the Machine--Swinging Soul Machine

Singles entering the chart were I'm a Gambler by Lace (#27); Celebration of the Year by the Fortunes (#31); Blowin' in the Wind by the Hollies (#36); Once on a Sunday Morning by the Tremeloes (#38); and Behind a Painted Smile by the Isley Brothers (#39).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Love Theme from Romeo and Juliet--Henry Mancini, his Orchestra and Chorus (2nd week at #1)
2 Spinning Wheel--Blood, Sweat & Tears
3 Bad Moon Rising--Creedence Clearwater Revival
4 Good Morning Starshine--Oliver
5 One--Three Dog Night
6 Get Back--The Beatles with Billy Preston
7 Crystal Blue Persuasion--Tommy James and the Shondells
8 In the Year 2525 (Exordium & Terminus)--Zager & Evans
9 Color Him Father--The Winstons
10 Too Busy Thinking About My Baby--Marvin Gaye

Singles entering the chart were Abraham, Martin and John by Smokey Robinson and the Miracles (#73); I'd Wait a Million Years by the Grass Roots (#85); Polk Salad Annie by Tony Joe White (#86); Clean Up Your Own Back Yard by Elvis Presley (#90); Did You See Her Eyes by the Illusion (#92); Break Away by the Beach Boys (#93); Soul Deep by the Box Tops (#94); I'll Never Fall in Love Again by Burt Bacharach (#98); Nothing Can Take the Place of You by Brook Benton (#99); and My Little Chickadee by the Foundations (#100). Clean Up Your Own Back Yard was from the movie The Trouble with Girls (and How to Get into It) (1969).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Love Theme from Romeo and Juliet--Henry Mancini, his Orchestra and Chorus
2 One--Three Dog Night
3 In the Ghetto--Elvis Presley
4 Good Morning Starshine--Oliver
5 Spinning Wheel--Blood, Sweat & Tears
6 Bad Moon Rising--Creedence Clearwater Revival
7 In the Year 2525 (Exordium & Terminus)--Zager & Evans
8 Israelites--Desmond Dekker and the Aces
9 Love Me Tonight--Tom Jones
10 The Ballad of John and Yoko--The Beatles

Singles entering the chart were Clean Up Your Own Back Yard by Elvis Presley (#66); Soul Deep by the Box Tops (#68); Hey Joe by Wilson Pickett (#73); Polk Salad Annie by Tony Joe White (#77); Muddy River by Johnny Rivers (#83); Willie and Laura Mae Jones by Dusty Springfield (#84); Abergavenny by Shannon (#86); That's the Way by Joe Tex (#89); On Campus by Dickie Goodman (#90); Sunshine, Red Wine by Crazy Elephant (#95); You Made a Believer (Out of Me) by Ruby Andrews (#96); Take Your Love (And Shove It) by Kane's Cousins (#98); Everything I Do Gonh Be Funky (From Now On) by Lee Dorsey (#99); and Pass the Apple Eve by B.J. Thomas (#100). Shannon was better known as Marty Wilde, and Abergavenny had been a hit under his usual name in Europe and Australia a year earlier.

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 The Ballad of John and Yoko--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)
2 In the Ghetto--Elvis Presley
3 Bad Moon Rising--Creedence Clearwater Revival
4 Get Back--The Beatles with Billy Preston
5 Medicine Man (Part I)--Buchanan Brothers
6 One--Three Dog Night
7 Love Theme from Romeo and Juliet--Henry Mancini, his Orchestra and Chorus
8 Let Me--Paul Revere and the Raiders
9 Love (Can Make You Happy)--Mercy
10 See--The Rascals
Pick hit of the week: Tarnished Silver--Young Calicos

Died on this date
Leo McCarey, 70
. U.S. movie director. Mr. McCarey won Academy Awards for The Awful Truth (1937) and Going My Way (1944). His other movies included Duck Soup (1933) and The Bells of St. Mary's (1945). Mr. McCarey died of emphysema.

Tom Mboya, 38. Kenyan politician. Mr. Mboya, Kenya’s Economic Planning Commissioner and secretary-general of the governing Kenya African National Union (KANU), was assassinated by a gunman in Nairobi. He was regarded as the third-most powerful person in the government behind the president and vice-president. Mr. Mboya was a member of the Luos, Kenya’s second-largest tribe. Many Luos believed that he had been assassinated to prevent his accession to the top post, and many tribal clashes broke out, endangering the multi-tribal government built by Mr. Mboya and President Jomo Kenyatta.

Music
The Rolling Stones and other acts performed before 250,000-500,000 fans at a free festival in Hyde Park, London, two days after the death of founder Brian Jones.

War
U.S. battle deaths in Vietnam dropped to their lowest level in nine months, with 153 killed and 1,584 wounded for he week ending July 5. South Vietnamese losses--247 killed and 586 wounded--were the lowest since May 10. Communist losses were down, with 2,381 killed, the lowest figure since mid-January. Military sources said that infiltration from North Vietnam had also dropped sharply in the week, coinciding with the pullback of about 18,000 Communist troops into rear base camps.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Ottawa (1-0) 26 @ Montreal (0-1) 20

30 years ago
1979


Diplomacy
American envoys in Nicaragua obtained Nicaraguan President Anastasio Somoza’s promise to resign. The United States also sought to assure a moderate role for a future Sandanista-backed government.

Law
The American Civil Liberties Union sued the Federal Bureau of Investigation for $2 million on the charge that the FBI was responsible for the 1965 murder of civil rights worker Viola Liuzzo, who had been shot to death during a car chase in Alabama by members of the Ku Klux Klan. The suit charged that the FBI had obtained information from state and local police agencies and from Gary Rowe, Jr., a paid informer of the FBI, that violence could be expected against Mrs. Liuzzo. Mr. Rowe was in the KKK car at the time of the shooting. Howard Simon of the ACLU said that he considered the suit pioneering since it would contend that the FBI was responsible for the actions of its informers.

25 years ago
1984


Crime
Umaru Dikko, a former transport and aviation minister in the Nigerian government who had fled to England after a military coup in December 1983 and was wanted in Nigeria on charges of corruption, was kidnapped in London. British police broke into a crate at Stansted Airport, 30 miles north of London, and found Mr. Dikko, who had been drugged. A man with drugs and syringes also occupied the crate; two more men were found I another crate. The crates had been marked "diplomatic baggage." The British authorities held the aricraft that was to have flown the crates to Nigeria.

World events
Lebanese troops began to dismantle the "green line," a barricade of rubble and burned-out cars that had separated the Christian and Muslim halves of Beirut. An army brigade composed of both Christians and Muslims was to be deployed between the halves of the city.

20 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Minä olen muistanut--Kim Lönnholm (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Eternal Flame--Bangles (6th week at #1)

On television tonight
The Seinfeld Chronicles, on NBC

This was the pilot for the comedy series Seinfeld (1990-1999).

Diplomacy
Two days of talks in France between U.S.S.R. President Mikhail Gorbachev and French President Francois Mitterand concluded with the nations signing 21 accords. The leaders also issued a declaration calling for an immediate cease-fire in Lebanon and an end to the arming of the various factions there. Mr. Gorbachev told reporters that he was prepared to develop normal relations with Solidarity leaders in Poland, but he also called U.S. President George Bush’s appeal for a Soviet troop withdrawal from Poland "propaganda."

Politics and government
South African President Pieter Botha met secretly in his office with Negro nationalist leader Nelson Mandela, who had been in prison since 1962. After the meeting became publicly known, the government gave no indication that it planned to free Mr. Mandela.

Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir agreed to demands by hard-liners in his own Likud party as follows: elections in the occupied territories would not take place until the Palestinian uprising ended; Arabs in East Jerusalem could not run for office or vote; Jewish settlement of the territories would continue; and no Palestinian state would ever be established. Labour Party leader Shimon Peres, a partner of Mr. Shamir in the coalition government, said that Mr. Shamir’s concessions had jeopardized the peace process. The Palestine Liberation Organization denounced Mr. Shamir’s concessions.

Florida Governor Bob Martinez said that he would call a special session of the state legislature to consider controls on abortion.

Scandal
Former White House aide Oliver North received a three-year suspended prison sentence, two years’ probation, 1,200 hours of community service, and a $150,000 fine after being convicted on 3 of 12 charges in connection with the Iran-Contra scandal (the sale of arms to Iran, resulting in money going to support the opposition Contras in Nicaragua), which broke in 1986. Mr. North was convicted of aiding and abetting an obstruction of Congress (somebody else’s obstruction, not his own); shredding documents; and accepting an illegal gratuity (an electric fence around his house to protect him from terrorist Abu Nidal). Contrary to popular belief, Mr. North was found not guilty on the charge of lying to Congress. The sentence was handed down by Judge Gerhard Gesell in U.S. District Court in Washington. The guilty verdicts were later overturned on appeal.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Hamilton (2-0) 23 @ Winnipeg (0-3) 16
Calgary (0-2) 10 @ Edmonton (1-1) 41

Rookie receivers Keith Wright and Tony Hunter each returned a punt for a touchdown, and Cornelius Redick also contributed some fine returns in an entertaining game before 37,000 at Commonwealth Stadium. A fight broke out in the fourth quarter when Calgary head coach Lary Kuharich sent his team across the field to mix things up; Stampeders’ rookie defensive lineman Joe March was ejected.

10 years ago
1999


War
NATO representatives and Russian officials concluded two days of talks in Moscow to work out details of the deployment of 3,600 Russian soldiers in the Yugoslavian province of Kosovo.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Bill Clinton imposed trade and economic sanctions against the Taliban regime in Afghanistan.