Thursday, 31 October 2019

October 31, 2019

325 years ago
1694


Born on this date
Yeongjo
. King of Korea, 1724-1776. Yeongjo, the 21st King of the Joseon dynasty, was the second son of King Sukjong, and acceded to the throne upon the death of his elder brother Gyeongjong. King Yeongjo was a Confucian monarch who opposed Roman Catholic missionary efforts in Korea. He took political and economic measures to reduce factional strife in the country. King Yeongjo died on April 22, 1776 at the age of 81, and was succeeded on the throne by his grandson Jeongjo.

290 years ago
1729


Born on this date
Alonso Núñez de Haro y Peralta
. Spanish-born clergyman. Dr. Núñez de Haro was Roman Catholic Archbishop of Mexico from 1772 until his death on May 26, 1800 at the age of 70. He was acting Viceroy of New Spain from May 8-August 16, 1787; during his brief term, he sent a large sum of money to Havana to buy slaves from the British and Dutch, and attempted to abolish tribute requirements for indigenous Mexicans.

170 years ago
1849


Born on this date
Marie Louise Andrews
. U.S. writer. Mrs. Andrews, a native and resident of Indiana, wrote poems, essays, and sketches for various periodicals. She was an editor at the Indianapolis Herald in the 1880s, and was one of the founders of the Western Association of Writers, serving as its first secretary from 1886-1888. Mrs. Andrews died on February 7, 1891 at the age of 41.

150 years ago
1869


Died on this date
Charles Wickliffe, 81
. U.S. politician. Mr. Wickliffe was a member of several parties during the course of his career. He represented Kentucky's 9th District in the U.S. House of Representatives (1823-1833) and was a Whig when he was Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky (1836-1839), acting as Governor (1839-1840) following the death of Governor James Clark. Mr. Clark was U.S. Postmaster General in the administration of President John Tyler (1841-1845), and served as President James K. Polk's envoy to the Republic of Texas in 1845. As a Union Whig, Mr. Wickliffe represented Kentucky's 5th District in the U.S. House of Representatives (1861-1863), opposing the state's secession from the United States. He was permanently crippled in a fall from a carriage near the end of his term, but still ran unsuccessfully for Governor of Kentucky as a Peace Democrat. Mr. Wickliffe became totally blind in later years.

140 years ago
1879


Born on this date
Karel Hašler
. Czech entertainer. Mr. Hašler was an actor, director, singer, and songwriter who acted in plays and operated various cabarets in a career that began in the late 1890s. He appeared in silent and sound films from 1914-1941. Mr. Hašler's patriotic songs led to his arrest by the Gestapo in September 1941; he was taken to Malthausen concentration camp in Germany, where he was tortured to death on December 22, 1941 at the age of 62.

Died on this date
Jacob Abbott, 75
. U.S. author. Mr. Abbott was a Congregational pastor and co-founder and principal of the private school Abbott's Institute, but was better known as the author of more than 180 books, especially juvenile fiction. His Rollo Books featured a boy named Rollo, and he followed these with the Uncle George series, using the title character to teach various lessons to the reader. Mr. Abbott died two weeks before his 76th birthday.

Joseph Hooker, 64. U.S. military officer. Major General Hooker, who acquired the nickname "Fighting Joe" as the result of a typographical error, served in the Union Army during the American Civil War, and was best known for his defeat at the hands of Confederate forces commanded by General Robert E. Lee in the Battle of Chancellorsville in 1863. Maj. Gen. Hooker had a reputation as a hard-drinking ladies' man, but that may be exaggerated. He suffered a stroke in later years, and died while on a visit to Garden City, New York, 13 days before his 65th birthday.

Clark Brown, 21. Canadian murderer. Mr. Brown was publicly hanged in Cornwall, Ontario for the September 2 murder of his 68-year-old father Robert and 12-year-old sister Addie.

100 years ago
1919


Born on this date
Daphne Oxenford
. U.K. actress. Miss Oxenford appeared in plays, radio and television programs, and films. She was probably best known as the voice of the BBC radio program Listen with Mother (1950-1971) and for playing Esther Hayes in the television soap opera Coronation Street (1960-1963, 1971-1972). Miss Oxenford died on December 21, 2012 at the age of 93.

90 years ago
1929


Died on this date
António José de Almeida, 63
. 6th President of Portugal, 1919-1923; Prime Minister of Portugal, 1916, 1916-1917. Dr. Almeida, a physician, was associated with the moderate wing of the Portuguese Republican Party before founding the Evolutionist Party, which became part of the Republican Liberal Party. He was the only President of the First Republic to serve a full four-year term.

Norman Pritchard, 52. Indian-born athlete and actor. Mr. Pritchard was the first Indian athlete to compete in the Olympic Games and to win a medal, winning silver medals in the men's 200-metre run and 200-metre hurdles competition at the 1900 Olympics in Paris. He was officially competing for the United Kingdom, but the International Olympic Committee recognizes him as representing India. Mr. Pritchard moved to Britain in 1905 and later moved to the United States, where he appeared in plays and movies under the name Norman Trevor from the mid-1910s until his death from a brain illness.

80 years ago
1939


On the radio



Died on this date
Otto Rank, 55
. Austrian psychologist. Dr. Rank was the leading disciple of Sigmund Freud in the field of psychoanalysis, but eventually parted company with his mentor, emphasizing emotional relationships in the "here and now" in his practice. His best-known book was Das Trauma der Geburt (The Trauma of Birth) (1924), in which he argued that birth was an interruption of life in the uterus from which people spent their lives trying to recover. Dr. Rank's work influenced the fields of existential, humanistic, and gestalt psychology. He died in New York City from a kidney infection.

75 years ago
1944


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Pistol Packin' Mama--Bing Crosby and The Andrews Sisters (1st month at #1)

War
The Allies reported that 637,544 German prisoners had been taken on the western front since June 6. Soviet troops in Hungary seized more than 200 towns as they advanced to within 44 miles of Budapest. After taking the Japanese stronghold of Jaro in the centre of Leyte Island in the Philippines, U.S. forces pushed a spearhead across the northern end of the island. Three Japanese colums moved to within 6 miles of Kweilin in the Chinese province of Kweisan.

70 years ago
1949


Theatre
Regina, an opera by Marc Blitzstein based on The Little Foxes by Lillian Hellman, opened at the 46th Street Theatre on Broadway in New York. The production was directed by Robert Lewis, and starred Jane Pickens and Brenda Lewis.

Died on this date
William D. Mahon, 88
. U.S. labour leader. Mr. Mahon was a coal miner before becoming a mule car driver in the 1880s. He attended the founding meeting of the Amalgamated Association of Street Railway Employes of America--now known as the Amalgamated Transit Union--in 1892, and served as its president from 1893 until his retirement in 1946.

Edward Stettinius, 49. U.S. politician and diplomat. Mr. Stettinius was an executive with General Motors before moving into public service on the Industrial Advisory Board of the National Recovery Administration (1933-1934). He returned to the private sector as an executive with United States Steel and then served on the National Defense Advisory Commission, as chairman of the War Resources Board (1939-1941) and administrator of the Lend-Lease Program (1941-1943). He became Undersecretary of State in 1943 and succeeded Cordell Hull as Secretary of State in December 1944. Mr. Stettinius was a member of the U.S. delegation to the Yalta Conference in 1945, but Harry Truman, who had succeeded Franklin D. Roosevelt as President upon Mr. Roosevelt's death on April 12, thought that Mr. Stettinius was too soft on Communism. Mr. Stettinius resigned as Secretary of State on June 27, 1945, and was the first United States Ambassador to the United Nations, chairing the U.S. delegation at the UN's founding conference. He resigned in June 1946, and returned to the private sector. Mr. Stettinius died of a heart attack, nine days after his 49th birthday.

Diplomacy
The U.S.A. expelled Ervin Munk, Czechoslovakian Consul General in New York, and a staff member of the C.S.S.R. embassy in Washington in retaliation for Czechoslovakian actions against American diplomatic personnel in Prague.

Defense
The United Kingdom announced plans to withdraw 3,000 troops remaining in Greece "in the near future."

Politics and government
The U.K. House of Commons passed a government-sponsored measure halving the time in which the House of Lords could block legislation. It was the third time in the past two years that such legislation had been passed.

Economics and finance
The Organization for European Economic Cooperation began a meeting in Paris, with West Germany represented for the first time. U.S. Economic Cooperation Administrator Paul Hoffman threatened to cut off Marshall Plan aid to Europe in the absence of more rapid progress toward "integration of the Western European economy."

Labour
Bethlehem Steel settled with the United Steel Workers of America for a company-financed pension plan and an insurance program financed jointly by workers and management.

Football
CRU
WIFU
Calgary (13-1) 11 @ Edmonton (4-10) 1

Ken Sluman’s single accounted for the Eskimos’ only point as they suffered their sixth loss in as many games against the Stampeders in 1949. The game at Clarke Stadium was worth only 1 point in the standings.

60 years ago
1959


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): I'll Never Fall in Love Again--Johnnie Ray

#1 single in Italy: Forever--Joe Damiano (5th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Souvenirs--Bill Ramsey (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Travellin' Light--Cliff Richard and the Shadows (3rd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Mack the Knife--Bobby Darin (6th week at #1)
2 Mr. Blue--The Fleetwoods
3 Put Your Head on My Shoulder--Paul Anka
4 Don't You Know--Della Reese
5 Deck of Cards--Wink Martindale
6 Teen Beat--Sandy Nelson
7 Primrose Lane--Jerry Wallace with the Jewels
8 ('Til) I Kissed You--The Everly Brothers
9 Poison Ivy--The Coasters
10 Lonely Street--Andy Williams

Singles entering the chart were High School U.S.A. by Tommy Facenda (#60); Be My Guest by Fats Domino (#67); Boys Do Cry by Joe Bennett and the Sparkletones (#95); Come Into My Heart by Lloyd Price and his Orchestra (#97); Midnight Stroll by the Revels (#98); Piano Shuffle by Dave "Baby" Cortez (#99); Smooth Operator by Sarah Vaughan (#100); The Hunch, with versions by the Bobby Peterson Quintet; and Paul Gayten (also #100); and Reveille Rock by Johnny and the Hurricanes (also #100).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CFUN)
1 Living Doll--Cliff Richard and the Drifters (2nd week at #1)
2 Just Ask Your Heart--Frankie Avalon
3 Mr. Blue--The Fleetwoods
4 Poco-Loco--Gene and Eunice
5 One Minute to One--Ricky Nelson
6 We Got Love--Bobby Rydell
7 Teen Beat--Sandy Nelson
8 Poison Ivy--The Coasters
9 It Happened Today--The Skyliners
10 Woo-Hoo--The Rock-A-Teens

Singles entering the chart were There's a Girl by Jan & Dean (#21); The Big Hurt by Miss Toni Fisher (#27); There Comes a Time by Jack Scott (#30); Say Man by Bo Diddley (#32); Torquay by the Fireballs (#33); Tucumcari by Jimmie Rodgers (#36); The Hunch by Paul Gayten (#37); Shout by the Isley Brothers (#39); and A Lover's Prayer by Dion and the Belmonts (#40).

Calgary's Top 10 (CFAC)
1 Mack the Knife--Bobby Darin
2 Mr. Blue--The Fleetwoods
3 Put Your Head on My Shoulder--Paul Anka
4 ('Til) I Kissed You--The Everly Brothers
5 Teen Beat--Sandy Nelson
6 Sleep Walk--Santo & Johnny
7 Battle Hymn of the Republic--The Mormon Tabernacle Choir with the Philadelphia Orchestra
8 Morgen--Ivo Robic and the Song-Masters
9 In the Mood--Ernie Fields Orchestra
10 Torquay--The Fireballs
Pick hit of the week: Hound Dog Man--Fabian
Audience picks: Mack the Knife--Bobby Darin
The Three Bells--The Browns
Put Your Head on My Shoulder--Paul Anka
Lonely Street--Andy Williams
Just Ask Your Heart--Frankie Avalon

Diplomacy
Former U.S. Marine Lee Harvey Oswald informed the U.S. embassy in Moscow that he had applied for Soviet citizenship.

Defense
In a major foreign policy address to the closing session of the Supreme Soviet, U.S.S.R. Premier Nikita Khrushchev urged all nations to make "reciprocal concessions" to achieve "peaceful coexistence," indicating that the Soviet Union would accept partial disarmament under inspection and control.

Disasters
Mexican authorities estimated up to 1,452 fatalities following several days of torrential rains in the states of Colima and Jalisco.

Football
CFL
IRFU
Hamilton (10-4) 14 @ Montreal (6-8) 15
Ottawa (8-6) 31 @ Toronto (4-10) 21

WIFU
Semi-Finals
Edmonton 20 @ British Columbia 8 (First game of 2-game total points series)

Two interceptions late in the game paved the way for a dramatic Montreal comeback on a muddy field as the Alouettes edged the Tiger-Cats at Molson Stadium. Milt Campbell intercepted a Bernie Faloney pass, which was followed by a 67-yard pass from Sam Etcheverry to Tom Moran to the Hamilton 3-yard line. Mr. Etcheverry carried for a touchdown, converted by Bill Bewley, to tie the game at 14. Wes Gideon then intercepted another pass from Mr. Faloney; Mr. Etcheverry drove the Alouettes to the 1-yard line, from where he punted for the game-winning single on the last play. The win, before a crowd of 21,817, clinched the third and final playoff spot in the IRFU.

Dave Thelen carried 20 times for 99 yards and 2 touchdowns for the Rough Riders as they beat the Argonauts. He finished the season with 1,339 yards rushing, surpassing Pat Abbruzzi’s previous IRFU record of 1,248 from 1955. Ron Stewart and Ted Smale also scored touchdowns for Ottawa, while Gary Schreider contributed 4 converts and a field goal. Al Dorow, Al Schlosser, and Ron Stover scored Toronto’s touchdowns. Cookie Gilchrist, the IRFU scoring champion, added 2 converts and a single. 19,465 fans at CNE Stadium saw the Argonauts finish out of the playoffs for the fourth straight season and the sixth time in the last seven years.

A then-record playoff crowd of 33,993 showed up at Empire Stadium in Vancouver to see the Lions play the Eskimos in their first playoff game ever. After a scoreless first quarter, the Lions got on the scoreboard first on a short touchdown run by Don Vicic, converted by Vic Kristopaitis. The Eskimos, playing what head coach Eagle Keys called their best game of the season, eventually took control. Rookie Howie Schumm was a surprise star, rushing 5 times for 46 yards and a touchdown. Normie Kwong carried 10 times for 73 yards, while Johnny Bright rushed 17 times for 61 yards and a touchdown. The other Edmonton touchdown came on a pass from Jackie Parker to Jim Letcavits. Mr. Parker added 2 converts. Hal Sparrow’s punt single provided the Lions with their other point. The Edmonton defense did a good job of shutting down the B.C. running game, holding By Bailey to 40 yards on 11 carries and Willie Fleming to 36 on 8 carries.

Canadian university
Alberta (4-2) 33 @ Saskatchewan (0-5) 6

Ross Christensen scored 2 touchdowns and Pierre Turgeon, Bill Dunnigan, and Ross Walker each scored 1 as the Golden Bears routed the Huskies at Griffiths Stadium in Saskatoon. Maury Van Vliet, Jr. added 2 converts and a single. Ken Tidsbury scored the Huskies’ touchdown on a 41-yard rush in the 4th quarter. Alberta led 19-0 after the 1st quarter.

50 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Saint Paul--Shane (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I'll Never Fall in Love Again--Bobbie Gentry (2nd week at #1)

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Something/Come Together--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)
2 Take a Letter Maria--R.B. Greaves
3 Suspicious Minds--Elvis Presley
4 Echo Park--Keith Barbour
5 Tracy--The Cuff Links
6 Smile a Little Smile for Me--The Flying Machine
7 Jesus is a Soul Man--Lawrence Reynolds
8 Which Way You Goin' Billy?--The Poppy Family
9 Cherry Hill Park--Billy Joe Royal
10 Harlan County--Jim Ford

Singles entering the chart were Down on the Corner/Fortunate Son by Creedence Clearwater Revival (#23); I Still Believe in Tomorrow by John and Anne Ryder (#26); Leaving on a Jet Plane by Peter, Paul and Mary (#27); Is That All There Is by Peggy Lee (#29); and Eli's Coming by Three Dog Night (#30).

Edmonton's Top 10 (CJCA)
1 Suspicious Minds--Elvis Presley (3rd week at #1)
2 Reuben James--Kenny Rogers and the First Edition
3 Which Way You Goin’ Billy?--The Poppy Family
4 Something/Come Together--The Beatles
5 Echo Park--Keith Barbour
6 Sugar, Sugar--The Archies
7 Take a Letter Maria--R.B. Greaves
8 Try a Little Kindness--Glen Campbell
6 Tracy--The Cuff Links
9 You've Lost That Lovin' Feeling--Dionne Warwick
10 Baby it's You--Smith

On the radio
A Book at Bedtime, on BBC 4
Tonight's episode: The Hound of the Baskervilles, Part 10, read by Nigel Stock

Diplomacy
U.S. President Richard Nixon delivered a policy speech on Latin America in which he said he would loosen restrictions on U.S. aid to Latin nations, treating all equally, regardless of whether their governments were democratic or dictatorial. He also stressed that the U.S. would be receptive to suggestions from the Latin Americans to give them a greater say in American aid programs.

Crime
U.S. Marine Lance Corporal Raphael Minichiello, a decorated Vietnam veteran who had escaped custody the previous day while en route to a court martial at Camp Pendleton, California to face a charge of breaking into the post exchange, hijacked a Trans World Airlines Boeing 707 at gunpoint on a flight from San Francisco to Los Angeles and forced the crew to fly him to Rome. In the course of the 6,900-mile flight, the plane made refuelling stops at Denver, New York, Bangor, and Shannon, Ireland while frustrated police and FBI agents stood by. The drama began at 4:42 A.M. when LC Minichiello ordered pilot Donald Cook to divert his flight to Denver, and permitted 39 passengers and 3 stewardesses to debark. With three remaining crew members as hostages, the flight continued to New York’s Kennedy Airport. FBI agents tried to board, but gave up after the skyjacker fired his rifle into the roof of the cockpit and threatened to shoot spectators unless they moved away. He permitted two overseas pilots to board, and the plane finally landed at Rome’s Leonardo da Vinci Airport after almost 20 hours. The Italian-born Marine then took off into the countryside at the wheel of a police car with airport police chief Pietro Guli as a hostage. He was captured a few hours later.

Colonel Robert B. Rheault, 43, the former Green Beret commander in Vietnam who had been charged with the murder of a South Vietnamese double agent but had never been tried on the charge, retired from the U.S. Army, apparently bitter and unsure of his future.

Boxing
George Foreman (8-0) won an 8-round unanimous decision over Roberto Davila (21-15) in one of four heavyweight bouts at Madison Square Garden in New York. On the undercard, Luis Pires (12-5) scored a technical knockout of Willie Burton (14-1-1) at 1:48 of the 7th round; Pedro Agosto (20-1) won an 8-round split decision over Bob "Pretty Boy" Felstein (14-8-1); and Bill Drover (23-3-2) scored a technical knockout of Forrest Ward (8-2-2) at 2:39 of the 7th round, ending Mr. Ward's professional career. Mike Quarry (16-0) won an 8-round split decision over Ruben Figueroa (3-2) in a light heavyweight bout.

Baseball
Nippon Series
Hankyu Braves 5 @ Yomiuri Giants 3 (Yomiuri led best-of-seven series 3-2)

40 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Video Killed the Radio Star--The Buggles (2nd week at #1)

Music
The album Extensions by the Manhattan Transfer was released on Atlantic Records.

Disasters
Western Airlines Flight 2605, a McDonnell Douglas DC-10 en route from Los Angeles, crashed on landing in Mexico City, killing 72 of 88 people on the plane and another on the ground. The landing took place in fog, on a runway that had been closed for maintenance.

Hockey
NHL
Hartford 4 @ Toronto 2

Dave Keon, playing his first NHL game at Maple Leaf Gardens since the Maple Leafs let him go in 1975, scored his first 2 goals of the season to lead the Whalers to victory, with Gordie Howe scoring the final Hartford goal.



Baseball
Nippon Series
Kintetsu Buffaloes 3 @ Hiroshima Carp 5 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

30 years ago
1989


On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: Mom Wars

Diplomacy
U.S. President George Bush said that he and U.S.S.R. President Mikhail Gorbachev would hold an informal summit on ships in the Mediterranean Sea on December 2-3.

Politics and government
The Hungarian National Assembly voted to conduct a national referendum on how to choose a president.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that its leading economic indicators had risen 0.2% in September.

25 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Norway (VG-lista): Cotton Eye Joe--Rednex (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Saturday Night--Whigfield (2nd week at #1)

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 All I Wanna Do--Sheryl Crow (4th week at #1)
2 I'll Make Love to You--Boyz II Men
3 Circle of Life--Elton John
4 Jane--Barenaked Ladies
5 Could I Be Your Girl--Jann Arden
6 What's the Frequency, Kenneth--R.E.M.
7 Endless Love--Luther Vandross and Mariah Carey
8 Out of Tears--Rolling Stones
9 Secret--Madonna
10 Lucky One--Amy Grant

Singles entering the chart were Zombie by the Cranberries (#71); Blind Man by Aerosmith (#79); You Don't Know How it Feels by Tom Petty (#85); You Want This by Janet Jackson (#86); Once in a Lifetime by Michael Bolton (#87); Young Heart Forever by Steve Perry (#89); I'm the Only One by Melissa Etheridge (#90); The Color of Night by Lauren Christy (#91); At Your Best (You are Loved) by Aaliyah (#92); and Fade Into You by Mazzy Star (#95). Once in a Lifetime was from the movie Only You (1994). The Color of Night was from the movie Color of Night (1994).

Crime
Mario Aburto Martinez, a 23-year-old factory worker, was convicted and sentenced to 42 years in prison for the March 23 assassination in Tijuana of Luis Donaldo Colosio Murrieta, the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) candidate for President of Mexico.

Disasters
All 64 passengers and 4 crew members aboard a twin-engine ATR 72-212 commuter plane en route from Indianapolis to Chicago were killed when it crashed in a soybean field 30 miles south of Gary, Indiana. American Eagle Flight 4184 had been in a holding pattern in a heavy rainstorm waiting to land at Chicago's O'Hare International Airport when it disappeared from air traffic radar at 4:15 P.M.

20 years ago
1999

Died on this date
Greg Moore, 24
. Canadian auto racing driver. A native of New Westminster, British Columbia and resident of Maple Ridge, Mr. Moore began racing in the Indy Lights circuit in 1993. He won 3 races in 1994 and then won 10 of 12 races and the Indy Lights championship in 1995 after joining the Player’s Forsythe team. Mr. Moore graduated to the Championship Auto Racing Teams (CART) circuit in 1996, finishing 9th in the overall standings, with a best finish of second at Nazareth. In 1997 he won at Milwaukee and Belle Isle, becoming the youngest driver to that time to win a CART race. In 1998 he won at Rio de Janeiro and passed Jimmy Vasser on the last lap to win the U.S. 500 at Michigan in a very exciting race that featured more than 60 lead changes. Mr. Moore won the season-opening race at Homestead, Florida in 1999, but lacked a competitive enough engine to compete for the championship. The Marlboro 500 at California Speedway in Fontana was due to be Mr. Moore’s final race with the Player’s Forsythe team; he had signed to join Penske Racing for 2000, as legendary owner Roger Penske believed that Mr. Moore possessed the ability to win a championship if he had the proper equipment. Early in the race, Richie Hearn skidded off the track at the exit of turn 2 and crashed into the wall, but walked away. Mr. Moore had started in 20th position, but after only about 10 laps of green flag racing, he had already passed 10 cars, and was enjoying the race. He then went off the track, possibly as a result of a gust of wind, at the same spot as Mr. Hearn a few laps earlier. Mr. Moore’s car flipped several times before finally hitting the infield wall upside-down at high speed. The g-forces on Mr. Moore’s body were the highest ever recorded in a CART race. He suffered serious head, neck, brain, and internal injuries, and was finally extricated from the car and flown by helicopter to Loma Linda University Medical Center. Attempts to revive Mr. Moore were unsuccessful, and he died about 45 minutes after the crash, while the race continued. The Player’s Forsythe team called their other driver, Patrick Carpentier, into the pits and retired him for the rest of the day. Adrian Fernandez won the race. Helio Castroneves took Mr. Moore’s place with Penske Racing and has enjoyed a successful career ever since. Greg Moore was posthumously inducted into the Canadian Motorsport Hall of Fame in 2000. He was this blogger’s favourite driver, and a lot of the enjoyment of watching the races left with him.

World events
The last 900 Indonesian soldiers left the former Indonesian territory of East Timor early in the day. East Timorese in the capital city of Dili, moving about freely as part of a "non-self-governing territory" under United Nations occupation, participated in a Roman Catholic procession.

Adventure
Yachtsman Jesse Martin, 18, returned to Melbourne after 11 months of circumnavigating the world, solo, non-stop, and unassisted.

Politics and government
The November 8 issue of Time magazine hit the streets, which contained an article revealing that U.S. Vice President Al Gore had paid feminist author Naomi Wolf $15,000 per month (later reduced to $5,000 per month) to offer campaign advice. She had told him that he needed to be perceived as an "alpha male," or leader of the pack.

Disasters
All 217 people aboard EgyptAir Flight 990, a Boeing 767 jetliner bound from Los Angeles to for Cairo via New York, were killed when the plane plunged 33,000 feet in two minutes, crashing into the Atlantic Ocean off Nantucket Island. Experts later speculated that the plane was deliberately crashed by the co-pilot.

Auto racing
Adrian Fernandez won the final CART race of the season, the Marlboro 500 at California Speedway in Fontana. Greg Moore was fatally injured early in the race, making this the second CART race that Mr. Fernandez had won during which a driver had been killed. At Toronto in 1996, rookie Jeff Krosnoff was killed instantly in a horrific crash on the second-last lap while Mr. Fernandez was on his way to his first career victory. That race was immediately red-flagged.



Football
CFL
Montreal (11-6) 24 @ Calgary (12-5) 31

On a cold, windy, and occasionally snowy Sunday afternoon before 28,250 fans at McMahon Stadium, the Stampeders scored 17 points with the wind behind them in the 4th quarter to defeat the Alouettes and keep their hopes alive of finishing first in the West Division. Backup quarterback Mike McCoy threw 2 touchdown passes to Allen Pitts to give the Stampeders a 28-24 lead, and Mark McLoughlin extended the lead with a 46-yard field goal with just under 5 minutes remaining. Calgary led 14-13 at halftime, but the Stampeders were outscored 11-0 in the 3rd quarter when Montreal had the wind advantage. Kelvin Anderson, who was held to 42 yards on 15 carries, rushed 2 yards for a Calgary touchdown and caught a 23-yard pass from starting quarterback Dave Dickenson for another. Vince Danielsen led Calgary’s receivers with 7 catches for 149 yards. Montreal quarterback Tracy Ham rushed 1 yard for a touchdown in the 2nd quarter and connected with Jock Climie for a 5-yard touchdown pass in the 3rd quarter. The Calgary defense held Mike Pringle to 64 yards on 19 carries.

10 years ago
2009


Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (9-7-1) 6 @ Hamilton (8-9) 24



Calgary (10-6-1) 28 @ British Columbia (8-9) 36



CIS
Yates Cup
Quarter-Finals
McMaster 27 @ Ottawa 15
Guelph 18 @ Western Ontario 37

Canada West
Simon Fraser (1-7) 28 @ Manitoba (5-3) 31
Calgary (7-1) 40 @ Alberta (3-5) 5

Scott Dixon kicked a field goal and a single in the 4th quarter to enable the Bisons to overcome a 28-27 deficit and defeat the Clan at University Stadium in Winnipeg, apparently clinching a playoff spot. Three days later, the Bisons were stripped of 3 wins--one of them against Alberta--for using an ineligible player, reducing their record to 2-5 and improving Alberta's record to 4-4.

Baseball
World Series
New York Yankees 8 @ Philadelphia Phillies 5 (New York led best-of-seven series 2-1)

The Yankees came back from a 3-0 deficit with 2 runs in the 4th inning, 3 in the 5, and a run in each of the 6th, 7th, and 8th innings to defeat the Phillies before 46,061 fans at Citizens Bank Park. Alex Rodriguez, Nick Swisher, and Hideki Matsui hit home runs for the Yankees; Mr. Rodriguez's homer, a 2-run blast that hit a camera hanging over the right field wall, was originally ruled a double, and became the first hit in World Series history to be ruled a home run after video review. Jayson Werth homered twice for the Phillies, and Carlos Ruiz also homered for Philadelphia.



Nippon Series
Yomiuri Giants 4 @ Hokkaido Nippon-Ham Fighters 3 (Yomiuri led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Hayato Sakamoto doubled home 2 runs in the 5th inning to break a 1-1 tie as the Giants held on to edge the Nippon-Ham Fighters before 40,650 fans at the Sapporo Dome. Hokkaido scored a run in the 9th inning and had runners on first and second bases with 2 out, but Marc Kroon struck out the final batter.

Tuesday, 29 October 2019

October 30, 2019

210 years ago
1809


Died on this date
William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland, 71
. Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, 1783, 1807-1809. Mr. Cavendish-Bentinck, a Whig from 1761-1794 and a Tory thereafter, was elected to the House of Commons for the English borough of Weobley in 1761, and entered the House of Lords upon the death of his father a year later. He led a coalition government from April-Decemer 1783, but the government fell after losing a vote in the House of Commons on reforming the East India Company. The Duke of Portland served as Home Secretary (1794-1801) and Lord of the Council (1801-1805), and returned as Prime Minister in 1807, following the collapse of the coalition "Ministry of all the Talents." He was regarded as a figurehead leader of a cabinet of strong ministers, but died in office after an operation to remove a kidney stone.

180 years ago
1839


Born on this date
Alfred Sisley
. French-born U.K. artist. Mr. Sisley, born in Paris to English parents, was an Impressionist landscape painter who spent most of his life in France, and died there of throat cancer on January 29, 1899 at the age of 59.

125 years ago
1894


Born on this date
Peter Warlock
. U.K. composer and critic. Mr. Warlock, whose real name was Philip Heseltine, adopted the name Warlock because of his interest in the occult. He was a controversial and combative critic in the 1910s and '20s, championing the works of his friend Frederick Delius. Mr. Warlock wrote about 150 songs and numerous other choral works; his best-known instrumental work was his Capriol Suite (1926). He died on December 17, 1930 at the age of 36 from coal gas poisoning; an open verdict was returned, but it was likely that Mr. Warlock committed suicide.

Died on this date
Honoré Mercier, 54
. Canadian politician. Mr. Mercier, a Liberal, was a member of the Canadian House of Commons from 1872-1874 before moving into provincial politics, serving as Premier of Quebec from 1886-1891. In 1887, Mr. Mercier hosted the first interprovincial conference of premiers since Confederation, forcing the federal government to recognize provincial autonomy in fiscal matters. Mr. Mercier also established the practice of regarding the government of Quebec as the advocate for the rights of French-Canadians outside Quebec. He was removed from office in December 1891 by Lieutenant-Governor Auguste-Réal Angers after a report concluded that Mr. Mercier's government had diverted public funds in the Baie des Chaleurs railway scandal. There was no proof that Mr. Mercier was personally involved in the scandal, but his health was broken, and he died 15 days after his 54th birthday.

110 years ago
1909


Football
CRU
ORFU
(Toronto) Parkdale Canoe Club (2-1) 6 Toronto Amateur Athletic Club (2-1) 10

100 years ago
1919


Died on this date
Ella Wheeler Wilcox, 68
. U.S. poet. Miss Wilcox was best known for her poem Solitude, which includes the lines: "Laugh, and the world laughs with you; weep, and you weep alone." She was an occultist who subscribed to the teachings of Theosophy and New Thought, and died of cancer, six days before her 69th birthday.

Football
CRU
ARU
The Edmonton Canucks disbanded for the season, two days before they were scheduled to play the Calgary Canucks at Hillhurst Park in Calgary.

80 years ago
1939


On the radio



The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: The Devil’s Foot

75 years ago
1944


Hit parade
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I'll Walk Alone--Dinah Shore
--Martha Tilton
--Mary Martin
2 Is You is or is You Ain't (Ma' Baby)--Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters
--Louis Jordan and the Tympany Five
3 You Always Hurt the One You Love--The Mills Brothers
4 It Had to Be You--Dick Haymes and Helen Forrest
--Betty Hutton
--Artie Shaw and his Orchestra
5 Swinging on a Star--Bing Crosby
6 Dance with a Dolly (With a Hole in Her Stocking)--Evelyn Knight with Camarata and his Orchestra
--Tony Pastor and his Orchestra
7 Together--Helen Forrest and Dick Haymes
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
8 Time Waits for No One--Helen Forrest
--Johnny Long and his Orchestra
9 How Many Hearts Have You Broken--Stan Kenton and his Orchestra
--The Three Suns
10 I'll Be Seeing You--Bing Crosby
--Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra

This was the first edition of the Cash Box singles chart; the remainder of the top 45 songs are too numerous to list here.

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Haunted Chateau

Ballet
Appalachian Spring, composed by Aaron Copland, received its premiere performance at the Library of Congress in Washington, with Martha Graham, for whom the ballet had been written, dancing the lead role.









War
Allied troops in the Netherlands pushed 40,000 German troops toward the Meuse River on a 50-mile front. Greek patriots claimed the liberation of Salonika, as British units caught up with fleeing German troops in Greece, 40 miles from the Yugoslavian border. With two-thirds of Leyte Island controlled by Americans, Japanese forces in the Philippines began escape operations on the west coast.

Protest
The Soviet news agency Tass reported that demonstrations had taken place in Tehran and other Iranian cities against President Mohammed Maraghei Said because of his refusal to grant oil concessions to the U.S.S.R.

Scandal
Members of the cabinet of Puerto Rico Governor Rexford Tugwell spent an hour in jail for contempt of court for continuing to spend the $16-million fund of the war emergency program.

70 years ago
1949


Theatre
Lost in the Stars, a musical with lyrics and book by Maxwell Anderson and music by Kurt Weill, based on Alan Paton's novel Cry, the Beloved Country, opened at the Music Box Theatre on Broadway in New York. The production was directed by Rouben Mamoulian, and starred Todd Duncan and Inez Matthews. It was Mr. Weill's last work for the stage.

Died on this date
Charles Kerr, 88
. U.S. engineer. Mr. Kerr designed the first steam turbine used in merchant ships; he died in Los Angeles.

Defense
The U.S. Defense Department announced a forthcoming reduction of the Navy by 77 ships because of budget cuts.

Football
CRU
IRFU
Hamilton (0-11) 18 @ Montreal (7-4) 29

NFL
Philadelphia (5-1) 38 @ Pittsburgh (4-2) 7
New York Giants (4-2) 41 @ Chicago Cardinals (2-4) 38
Washington (2-3-1) 14 @ New York Bulldogs (0-5-1) 14
Chicago Bears (3-3) 24 @ Los Angeles (6-0) 27
Detroit (1-5) 14 Green Bay (2-4) 16 @ Milwaukee

AAFC
Baltimore (1-8) 14 @ New York (6-1) 21
San Francisco (6-3) 28 @ Cleveland (6-1-1) 30



60 years ago
1959


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Travellin' Light--Cliff Richard and the Shadows

On television tonight
The Twilight Zone, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: Walking Distance, starring Gig Young













Space
Nikolai Kozyrev of Russia's Pulkovo Observatory reported that spectral photographs proved that the lunar crater Alphonse was an "active" volcano.

War
Dispatches from Saigon reported that South Vietnamese marines had killed 300 Communist guerrillas and captured 400 more in a two-week anti-terrorist drive in the Camau Peninsula.

Defense
The U.S.A. announced Turkish acceptance of a NATO missile base accord.

Protest
At least 20 Africans died in rioting touched off when Belgian-led African territorial police tried to arrest Congolese National Movement leader Patrice Lumumba and dispersed a nationalist rally in Stanleyville.

Disasters
Piedmont Airlines Flight 349, a Douglas DC-3 en route from Washington, D.C., crashed on approach to Charlottesville–Albemarle Airport in Albemarle County, Virginia, killing 26 of the 27 people on board. Passenger Phil Bradley, 33, was the sole survivor.

50 years ago
1969


On the radio
A Book at Bedtime, on BBC 4
Tonight's episode: The Hound of the Baskervilles, Part 9, read by Nigel Stock

On television tonight
Dragnet 1970, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Homicide: Cigarette Butt



War
After 40 sessions, Paris peace talks to end the Vietnam War were still stalled when chief U.S. negotiator Henry Cabot Lodge tried to get the talks moving by proposing secret talks. The Communists flatly turned down the proposal, calling for direct negotiations between the U.S.A. and Viet Cong.

Defense
It was reported that a secret 1966 U.S. Army memorandum revealed the existence of more than 20,000 bullets containing fatal disease toxins. Knowledgeable sources said that the bullets, stockpiled at Pine Bluff Arsenal in Arkansas, could logically be used by the Army for only one purpose--assassination.

Politics and government
Standing next to Vice-President Spiro Agnew at a White House reception, U.S. President Richard Nixon said that Mr. Agnew "has done a great job for this administration." Mr. Agnew then spoke of "the need for self-discipline of the adult community."

Protest
The first major disruption on the campus of Vassar in its 108-year history occurred when 35 Negro female students seized control of the school’s administration offices and presented a list of separatist demands, including a department of black studies and separate dormitories for 200 Negro students. The protesters, most of them full scholarship students, were aided by 10 Negro youths, who guarded the main entrance.

Exploration
Announcing "the most ambitious underwater exploration program ever attempted," the U.S. Interior Department said that scientists would start living for several months below the ocean’s surface off St. John in the Virgin Islands in the spring of 1970.

Science
The Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Murray Gell-Mann of the United States for his work "concerning the classification of elementary particles and their interactions."

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Derek Barton of the U.K. and Odd Hassel of Norway for their work concerning the conformation--or shape--of molecules.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (12-3) 18 @ British Columbia (5-11) 7

Ron Lancaster completed a 65-yard pass to Hugh Campbell for one Saskatchewan touchdown, while backup quarterback Bubba Wyche completed just 1 of 7 passes, but his completion was a short pass to Bobby Thompson, who broke it for an 85-yard touchdown as the Roughriders beat the Lions. B.C. failed to score a touchdown, getting only a field goal and 2 singles from Ted Gerela, as well as a safety touch. 32,340 fans showed up at Empire Stadium to see if their team could clinch a playoff spot after starting the season with 10 losses in their first 11 games. Instead, B.C.’s 4-game winning streak was snapped, and they had to hope that the Roughriders would win in Edmonton 3 days later to prevent the Eskimos from capturing the Western Football Conference’s third and final playoff spot.

Baseball
Nippon Series
Hankyu Braves 4 @ Yomiuri Giants 9 (Yomiuri led best-of-seven series 3-1)

40 years ago
1979


Died on this date
Barnes Wallis, 92
. U.K. engineer. Sir Barnes invented the bouncing bomb used by the Royal Air Force in Operation Chastise (the "Dambusters" raid) to attack the dams of the Ruhr Valley during World War II. His other inventions included the earthquake bomb and a version of the geodetic airframe.

Hockey
NHL
St. Louis 2 Edmonton 1

Baseball
Nippon Series
Kintetsu Buffaloes 2 @ Hiroshima Carp 3 (Kintetsu led best-of-seven series 2-1)

30 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Swing the Mood--Jive Bunny and the Mastermixers (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Lambada--Kaoma (11th week at #1)

Protest
300,000 East Germans in Leipzig demonstrated in Leipzig on behalf of political reform. It was the second such demonstration there within a week.

Politics and government
Newfoundland Premier Clyde Wells announced his intention submit a motion to the Newfoundland House of Assembly to terminate the province's approval of the Meech Lake constitutional accord.

25 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Endless Love--Luther Vandross and Mariah Carey (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Hey Süßer--Lucilectric

#1 single in Switzerland: Let the Dream Come True--DJ Bobo (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Baby Come Back--Pato Banton featuring Ali and Robin Campbell (2nd week at #1)

Football
CFL
Hamilton (4-13) 10 @ Calgary (14-3) 47

Doug Flutie threw touchdown passes of 106 yards to PeeWee Smith, 5 yards to Will Moore, 23 yards to Vince Danielsen, and 15 yards to Allen Pitts as the Stampeders routed the Tiger-Cats before 20,029 fans at McMahon Stadium. Mr. Pitts' touchdown was his 20th of the season, tying the CFL single-season record for touchdown receptions set by Darrell K. Smith of the Toronto Argos in 1990. Calgary safety Greg Knox returned an interception 111 yards for a touchdown in the 4th quarter, and fullback Shawn Daniels rushed 1 yard for the final Calgary TD. Defensive end Tim Cofield scored the only Hamilton touchdown on a 29-yard fumble return in the 2nd quarter.

20 years ago
1999


Died on this date
Max Patkin, 79
. U.S. baseball clown. Mr. Patkin, the "Clown Prince of Baseball," was a minor league pitcher with the Wisconsin Rapids White Sox (1941-1942) and Green Bay Bluejays (1942) of the Class D Wisconsin State League and Wilkes-Barre Barons (1946) of the Class A Eastern League, compiling a record of 11-9 in 32 games. An arm injury curtailed his career, but his antics caught the eye of Cleveland Indians' owner Bill Veeck, who hired him as a "coach" to boost attendance. When the Indians began to attract crowds without needing Mr. Patkin, Mr. Veeck got him started with minor league clubs, where he spent most of the rest of his life as a travelling entertainer. I met Mr. Patkin when he performed for the Edmonton Trappers in 1981, and I have one of his autographed baseball cards. His style of humour was dated, to put it mildly, but he was a very nice man, and I was sad to hear of his passing.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (3-14) 21 @ Edmonton (6-11) 34
Hamilton (10-7) 21 @ British Columbia (12-5) 26

Sean Millington rushed 29 times for 225 yards and 3 touchdowns to lead the Eskimos past the Roughriders before a Commonwealth Stadium crowd of 33,850 on a sunny Saturday afternoon. Mr. Millington’s rushing total was exactly half of his total for the season, and broke Normie Kwong’s team single-game record of 192 yards from 1955. Edmonton quarterback Kevin Mason completed 11 of 17 passes for 149 yards and a touchdown to Ed Hervey. Reggie Jones caught 3 passes for 99 yards for the Roughriders, including a 65-yard touchdown reception from Steve Sarkisian. Ricky Whittle carried 14 times for 41 yards and ran 1 yard for the other Saskatchewan touchdown. The win kept the Eskimos’ playoff hopes alive; a win in Toronto or a Winnipeg loss in Montreal the following week would put the Eskimos into the playoffs for the 28th consecutive season. For the Roughriders, the loss was their eighth in a row.

B.C. quarterback Damon Allen rushed 11 times for 65 yards and completed 16 of 24 passes for 189 yards and 2 touchdowns to lead the Lions over the Tiger-Cats in front of just 18,817 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. Rocky Henry and Don Blair were on the receiving end of Mr. Allen’s touchdown passes. The Lions’ other touchdown was scored by linebacker Rafael Robinson, who blocked a punt in the third quarter and returned it 11 yards. Ronald Williams led the Hamilton offense with 12 carries for 144 yards and touchdown runs of 1 and 65 yards; he also caught 2 passes for 23 yards. The Tiger-Cats hurt their own cause with 4 lost fumbles. Hamilton defensive end Joe Montford was ejected just 7 minutes into the game when he appeared to try to kick one of the Lions during a melee on the field that involved several players.

10 years ago
2009


Died on this date
Claude Lévi-Strauss, 100
. Belgian-born French anthropologist and ethnologist. Professor Lévi-Strauss has been called one of the "fathers of modern anthropology." He was a major figure in the field of structural anthropology, arguing that human characteristics are the same everywhere and that cultures are determined by their interrelationships. Professor Lévi-Strauss's best-known book was Tristes Tropiques (1955); he died 29 days before his 101st birthday.

Forest Evashevski, 91. U.S. football player and coach. Mr. Evashevski played quarterback at the University of Michigan (1938-1940) and the U.S. Navy's pre-flight school at the University of Iowa (1942). He was an assistant coach at three universities, and head coach at Hamilton College (1941); Washington State University (1950-1951); and the University of Iowa (1952-1960), compiling a record of 68-35-6. He was best known for his years at Iowa, leading the Hawkeyes to Big Ten championships in 1956, 1958, and 1960, and the national championship in 1958. Mr. Evashevski had a feud with U of I athletic director Paul Brechler, and when Mr. Brechler resigned after the 1959 football season, Mr. Evashevski replaced him, stepping down as head coach after the 1960 season. Mr. Evashevski's time as Iowa's athletic director was characterized by mediocre football records and conflicts with three head coaches, culminating in the firing of both Mr. Evashevski and head football coach Ray Nagel on May 16, 1970, after an investigation of padded expense accounts. Mr. Nagel was rehired several days later, but Mr. Evashevski's career at Iowa was over. He worked briefly as a colour commentator for college football telecasts on ABC, and died of cancer.

Football
CFL
Toronto (3-14) 10 @ Edmonton (8-9) 36

Arkee Whitlock rushed 15 times for 114 yards and a touchdown, and Ricky Ray completed 22 of 34 passes for 332 yards and a touchdown pass to Jason Barnes as the Eskimos took a 20-3 lead in the 2nd quarter and coasted to victory over the Argonauts before 30,012 fans in the last Canadian Football League game played on natural turf at Commonwealth Stadium, and maybe the last CFL game ever played on natural turf. Mr. Barnes' touchdown was his first in the CFL. Toronto quarterback Stephen Reaves threw his only CFL touchdown pass, 1 yard to Chad Lucas on the last play of the 1st half. Edmonton linebacker T.J. Hill scored the only touchdown of the 2nd half on a 58-yard interception return on the first play from scrimmage in the half. Edmonton kicker Derek Schiavone, playing his only game of the season, converted all 3 touchdowns and added 5 field goals. It was the final home game for CHED's Bryan Hall in his 42 years as radio voice of Eskimo games.

Monday, 28 October 2019

October 29, 2019

1,050 years ago
969


War
Byzantine troops occupied Antioch, Syria, the day after Arab troops surrendered to end an 11-month siege of the city.

190 years ago
1829


Died on this date
Marianne Mozart, 78
. Austrian musician. Miss Mozart was the older sister of composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart; she was a concert pianist and composer, but none of her compositions have survived.

140 years ago
1879


Born on this date
Franz von Papen
. Chancellor of Germany, 1932. Mr. Papen, a member of the Zentrum (Centre Party) from 1918-1932 and a Nazi from 1938-1945, was Chancellor from June 1-December 2, 1932 and Vice Chancellor under Adolf Hitler from 1933-1934. On June 17, 1934, he delivered a speech at the University of Marburg in which he called for the restoration of some freedoms, demanded an end for calls for a "second revolution," and called for an end to SA violence in the streets. Mr. Papen left the cabinet after the Night of the Long Knives (June 30-July 2, 1934), in which many of his colleagues were murdered. Mr. Papen accepted the post of Ambassador to Austria; he served in this position until February 1938, then as Ambassador to Turkey from 1939-1944. He was acquitted at the Nuremberg war crimes trials, as it was held that he was guilty only of "political immoralities." Mr. Papen died on May 2, 1969 at the age of 89.

Disasters
A violent gale and high tides ravaged the coast of northeastern New Brunswick; the breakwater and lighthouse at Shippagan were completely washed away.

130 years ago
1889

Baseball

World Series
Brooklyn Bridegrooms 2 @ New York Giants 3 (New York won best-of-eleven series 6-3)

The Giants gave up 2 runs in the top of the 1st inning but came back with single runs in the 1st, 6th, and 7th to edge the Bridegrooms before 3,067 fans at the Polo Grounds as the National League champions beat the American Association champions in the series for the first time since 1884. Jim Slattery scored the winning run all the way from second base when Brooklyn catcher Doc Bushing missed a 2-out third-strike pitch. Hank O’Day gave up 4 hits in going the distance for the win. Adonis Terry took the loss, his third of the Series and second in a many days.

120 years ago
1899


Born on this date
Akim Tamiroff
. Georgian-born U.S. actor. Mr. Tamiroff, born Hovakim Tamiryants, settled in the United States in 1927. He played ethnic character roles in such movies as The Lives of a Bengal Lancer (1935); Black Fury (1935); The Story of Louis Pasteur (1936); Anthony Adverse (1936); The Great McGinty (1940); Five Graves to Cairo (1943); Mr. Arkadin (1955); and Touch of Evil (1958). He was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for The General Died at Dawn (1936) and For Whom the Bell Tolls (1943). Mr. Tamiroff died of cancer on September 17, 1972 at the age of 72.

100 years ago
1919


Died on this date
A.B. Simpson, 76
. Canadian evangelist and hymnist. Albert Benjamin Simpson, a native of Bayview, Prince Edward Island, was ordained by the Presbyterian Church in Canada, but eventually went out on his own as an evangelist, and founded the Christian and Missionary Alliance in Nyack, New York in 1887. Rev. Simpson emphasized the "fourfold gospel" of "Jesus our Savior, Sanctifier, Healer, and Coming King." His views had an influence on Pentecostalism. Rev. Simpson also wrote the lyrics to over 120 hymns.

Football
CRU
ARU
Calgary Canucks (3-0) 11 Calgary Tigers (1-2) 1

The game at Hillhurst Park had originally been scheduled for October 25, but had been postponed because of snow.

90 years ago
1929

Economics and finance

The New York Times stated that "the investor who purchases securities at this time with the discrimination that is always a condition of prudent investing may do so with utmost confidence." Instead, the bottom fell out of the stock market. On a day that became infamous as "Black Tuesday," the final quotation on the tapes of the stock tickers read, "TOTAL SALES TODAY 16,383,700. GOOD NIGHT." The sales, with rapidly declining prices, represented a loss in share value on the New York Stock Exchange alone of about $10 billion, twice the amount of currency in circulation in the United States at the time. The Montreal Stock Exchange also plunged: a record 382,521 shares were traded, with some stocks losing up to 40 points.



Movies
New York Mayor Jimmy Walker said, "I appeal to movie exhibitors to show pictures that will reinstate courage and hope in the hearts of the people."

Football
NFL
Boston (3-2) 6 Orange (2-2-2) 0 @ Pottsville, Pennsylvania

80 years ago
1939


On the radio



75 years ago
1944


War
Polish troops in the Netherlands captured the city of Breda and advanced west to cut the Breda-Rosendaal road. Soviet troops entered Hungary. U.S. troops in the Philippines controlled 67 miles of the Leyte Island coastline and pushed west and south against deteriorating Japanese defenses.

Diplomacy
The U.S.S.R. announced that it would not attend the International Aviation Conference in Chicago on November 1 because certain pro-Fascist countries had been invited.

Politics and government
The Panamanian Democratic Party convention approved the extension of President Ricardo de la Guardia's term presidential term until 1947.

70 years ago
1949


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): It's a Big, Wide, Wonderful World--Buddy Clark; Larry Green (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard) (Best Seller): That Lucky Old Sun--Frankie Laine (5th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 That Lucky Old Sun--Frankie Laine (2nd week at #1)
--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
2 You're Breaking My Heart--Vic Damone
--Buddy Clark
--The Ink Spots
3 Jealous Heart--Al Morgan
4 Someday (You’ll Want Me to Want You)--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
--The Mills Brothers
5 I Can Dream, Can't I?--The Andrews Sisters
6 Maybe it's Because--Dick Haymes
--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra
7 Room Full of Roses--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra
--Dick Haymes
8 Hop-Scotch Polka (Scotch Hot)--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
--Art Mooney and his Orchestra
9 Don't Cry, Joe (Let Her Go, Let Her Go, Let Her Go)--Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra
10 I Never See Maggie Alone--Kenny Roberts

Singles entering the chart were Toot, Toot, Tootsie (Good-Bye) by Art Mooney and his Orchestra (#34) and Vieni Su (Say You Love Me Too) by Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra (#35).

Died on this date
Chikuhei Nakajima, 65
. Japanese military officer, industrialist and politician. Lieutenant Nakajima served in the Imperial Japanese Navy from 1907-1917, piloting Japan's first airship, and serving as as a military attaché to Europe in 1916-1917, where he observed the use of aircraft in combat. After resigning from the Navy he founded the company that became Nakajima Aircraft Company, and provided planes to the military. Mr. Nakajima was first elected to the Japanese House of Representatives in 1930, and represented the Gunma No.1 Electoral District for four terms, resigning from his company in 1931. He was Railway Minister (1937-1939) in the cabinet of Prime Minister Prince Fumimaro Konoe, and opposed Japan's decision to declare war against the United States, warning of the dangers of U.S. military and industrial supremacy. At the end of World War II, Mr. Nakajima briefly held the offices of Minister of Munitions and Minister of Commerce and Industry, but, with the rest of the government, he was arrested by the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers and held in Sugamo Prison for trial for war crimes. Mr. Nakajima was paroled in 1947 before his case could come to trial, and he died at his home in Tokyo of an intracranial hemorrhage.

World events
Chinese Communist authorities in Mukden announced the arrest of U.S. Consul General Angus Ward, charged with beating a servant.

Defense
U.S. President Harry Truman signed the $15.5-billion military appropriations bill--the largest in peacetime history--but placed $615 million earmarked for Air Force expansion "in reserve."

Radio
Foy Kohler was named to succeed Charles Thayer as operating director of Voice of America.

Economics and finance
The United Nations Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East completed a 10-day session in Singapore after approving plans for a Far Eastern economic survey and participation in the UN technical assistance program.

Football
CRU
IRFU
Toronto (5-6) 24 @ Ottawa (10-1) 30

WIFU
Winnipeg (2-12) 1 @ Saskatchewan (9-5) 15
Edmonton (4-9) 0 @ Calgary (12-1) 27

ORFU
Windsor (4-7) 5 @ Hamilton (8-2) 29
Sarnia (8-3) 18 @ Toronto (1-10) 10

Both of the WIFU games were worth just 1 point in the standings.

60 years ago
1959


On television tonight
The Untouchables, starring Robert Stack, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Jake Lingle Killing, with guest stars Charles McGraw and Jack Lord



Died on this date
Sisavang Vong, 74
. King of Luang Phrabang, 1904-1945; King of Laos, 1946-1959. Sisavang Vong acceded to the throne of Luang Phrabang--then a French Protectorate--upon the death of his father Zakarine. He supported French rule in Laos, and refused to cooperate when the country became independent in 1945. When France regained control in 1946, Sisavang Vong was reinstated as monarch of the country, now known as Laos. He was succeeded by his son Savang Vatthana.

Abominations
The Cuban government of Prime Minister Fidel Castro re-established military tribunals, and suspended the right of habeas corpus and other civil liberties.

Politics and government
Delegates to the seventh Italian Christian Democratic Party congress in Florence voted to give centre-right backers of Prime Minister Antonio Segni 53 of the 90 elected seats on the party's National Council.

The Congolese National Movement ended a three-day meeting in Stanleyville by endorsing Patrice Lumumba's call for civil disobedience and a boycott of elections as part of a "positive plan for immediate liberation of the Congo."

Alabama Governor John Patterson urged state officials not to cooperate with Federal Civil Rights Commission agents investigating Negro voting registration complaints.

Economics and finance
Representatives of 35 General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) nations supported U.S. demands for world trade liberalization.

Labour
Granite Steel Company, 17th-largest producer in the United States, signed a 20-month contract with the United Steel Workers of America on terms similar to those accepted by Kaiser Steel and Detroit Steel.

Baseball
Early Wynn of the Chicago White Sox was named the winner of the 1959 Cy Young Award as the best pitcher in the major leagues. He was 22-10 with an earned run average of 3.16 and 5 shutouts in helping the White Sox win their first American League pennant in 40 years.

Nippon Series
Nankai Hawks 3 @ Yomiuri Giants 0 (Nankai won best-of-seven series 4-0)

Tadashi Sugiura won his fourth straight game for the Hawks as they completed the sweep of the Giants before 32,266 fans at Korakuen Stadium in Tokyo. Nankai scored a run in the 3rd inning and 2 in the 7th.

50 years ago
1969


On the radio
A Book at Bedtime, on BBC 4
Tonight's episode: The Hound of the Baskervilles, Part 8, read by Nigel Stock

On television tonight
Then Came Bronson, starring Michael Parks, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Tonight's episode:

Died on this date
Pops Foster, 77
. U.S. musician. George Murphy Foster was a jazz bassist who also played tuba and trumpet with various bands, including those of Louis Armstrong and Earl Hines, from the 1910s through the 1960s.

Society
In a unanimous decision, the Supreme Court of the United States ordered an end to all school segregation "at once." In the case of 33 Mississippi school districts, the court’s decision replaced the Supreme Court’s 14-year-old doctrine of "all deliberate speed" and dismissed the contention that providing a continuing education should take precedence over enforcing norms of social justice. It was the first major decision handed down by the Court since Warren Burger had become Chief Justice earlier in the year. The administration of President Richard Nixon, which had opposed immediate integration, promised to enforce the ruling.

Crime
Judge Julius Hoffman ordered Bobby Seale, chairman of the Black Panthers and one of the Chicago Eight on trial for conspiracy to incite to riot, chained and gagged after Mr. Seale jumped up and shouted insults at him in the courtroom.

Communications
A student at UCLA sent the first message on the ARPANET--the precursor to the Internet--to a computer at the Stanford Research Institute in Menlo Park, California.

Environment
Invoking its power to set water quality standards for a state for the first time, the U.S. government ordered Iowa to stop dumping raw sewage into the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers by December 31, 1973.

Labour
The U.S. House of Representatives voted 389-4 in favour of tough new measures designed to improve safety for coal miners. The Senate had already passed a similarly strong bill. Some of the required measures had been recommended for 100 years.

Baseball
Nippon Series
Hankyu Braves 3 @ Yomiuri Giants 7 (Yomiuri led best-of-seven series 2-1)

40 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Born to Be Alive--Patrick Hernandez (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Oyaji no Ichiban Nagai Hi--Masashi Sada

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Me Llamas--José Luis Perales (3rd week at #1)

Baseball
Willie Mays accepted an offer to work as a greeter at Bally’s Casino in Atlantic City Baseball Commissioner Bowie Kuhn barred Mr. Mays from his part-time coaching position with the New York Mets and from any other association with major league baseball as long as he was associated with an enterprise that had ties to gambling.

30 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Swing the Mood--Jive Bunny and the Mastermixers (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Lambada--Kaoma (10th week at #1)

Football
CFL
Toronto (7-10) 14 @ Hamilton (11-6) 45
Ottawa (3-14) 18 @ Winnipeg (7-10) 14
Saskatchewan (9-8) 34 @ Calgary (10-7) 19

Hamilton slotback Rocky DiPietro caught 5 passes for 73 yards to move past Tommy-Joe Coffey for first place on the CFL’s career list for pass receptions. The catches gave him a total of 652, 2 more than Mr. Coffey had when he retired in 1973. 17,428 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium (not to mention TV viewers across Canada) had to sit through a lengthy interruption of the game while Mr. DiPietro was honoured. Tony Champion caught 4 passes for 165 yards and 2 touchdowns for the Tiger-Cats. His first score came on a 35-yard pass from quarterback Todd Dillon, while his second major came on an 83-yard pass from running back Derrick McAdoo. Mr. McAdoo carried 18 times for 80 yards and a touchdown of his own. Stephen Jordan returned an interception 77 yards for the other Hamilton major. Paul Osbaldiston scored 21 points on 4 converts, 5 field goals, and 2 singles. Toronto’s touchdowns came 1:20 apart in the second quarter: Rick Johnson threw a 3-yard pass to Brian Bedford, and then Ryan Hanson recovered a blocked punt in the end zone. Gill Fenerty led the Argos with 14 carries for 108 yards.

Ottawa receiver Cornelius Redick caught 2 touchdown passes to lead the Rough Riders to their only road win of the season and their first since winning at Winnipeg Stadium the previous year. Ken Hobart, playing quarterback for Ottawa in place of injured Damon Allen, completed just 4 of 19 passes for 136 yards, but one of his completions was for 75 yards and a touchdown to Mr. Redick in the second quarter. Mr. Redick’s other score came in the first quarter on a 14-yard pass from slotback Gerald Alphin. Mr. Redick’s touchdown catches were his only receptions of the game. Sean Salisbury, in what turned out to be his last CFL game, started at quarterback for the Blue Bombers, but was pulled in favour of Lee Saltz late in the second quarter after completing 6 of 16 passes for 63 yards. Mr. Saltz was just 6 for 25 for 130 yards, but he managed to complete a 52-yard touchdown pass to Rick House early in the third quarter. The Rough Riders failed to score a point or even complete a pass in the second half, but the Blue Bombers were unable to score any points after Trevor Kennerd’s 47-yard field goal at 12:15 of the third quarter. Mr. Hobart rushed 9 times for 68 yards, while Ottawa fullback David Conrad carried 13 times for 74. 20,541 disenchanted fans at Winnipeg Stadium saw the defending Grey Cup champions stumble to their sixth straight loss.

The Roughriders outscored the Stampeders 17-2 in the fourth quarter in front of a McMahon Stadium crowd of 20,754. Kent Austin, who had earlier completed a touchdown pass to James Ellingson, ran 9 yards for a touchdown at 8:38 of the fourth quarter and then hit Mr. Ellingson for his second touchdown pass of the game with just 1:54 remaining to put the game away. Dave Ridgway added 3 converts, 4 field goals, and a single for Saskatchewan. Calgary quarterback Tom Porras threw touchdown passes to Ray Alexander and Brock Smith, but also gave up 4 interceptions. Mr. Porras was the Stampeders’ leading rusher, with 5 carries for 56 yards. The Roughriders’ win kept their hopes alive for taking second place in the West Division with one week remaining in the regular season.

CIAU
Alberta (5-3) 22 @ Saskatchewan (6-2) 12

The Golden Bears, eliminated from playoff contention by UBC's win over Calgary the day before, rallied with 12 points in the last 2½ minutes to defeat the first-place Huskies at Griffiths Stadium in Saskatoon. In a game that saw Alberta punt 16 times and Saskatchewan punt 12 times, the Huskies led 5-1 after 3 quarters on a field goal by Mike Lazecki and a safety touch, while Alberta had a single by Steve Kasowski. In the fourth quarter, a 45-yard field goal by Mr. Kasowski and a 28-yard touchdown pass from Mike Kolodnicki to Darryl Szafranski, converted by Mr. Kasowski, was countered by a Saskatchewan touchdown on a 34-yard pass from backup quarterback Todd Baker to Dan Farthing, converted by Mr. Lazecki. Mr. Kasowski put the Golden Bears on top 13-12 with 2 late singles, and followed with a field goal in the last minute. Mr. Baker threw his fourth interception of the game with less than 30 seconds remaining, and the Golden Bears finished with a touchdown when safety Trent Brown came into the game as a receive and caught a 35-yard pass from Mr. Kolodnicki with 11 seconds remaining. Mr. Kolodnicki fcompleted 17 of 35 passes for 240 yards. Mr. Farthing led Saskatchewan's attack with 6 receptions for 146 yards. Terry Korte and Todd Matheson each made 2 interceptions for Alberta.

Baseball
Nippon Series
Yomiuri Giants 8 @ Kintetsu Buffaloes 5 (Yomiuri won best-of-seven series 4-3)

Norihiro Komada, Tatsunori Hara, Kiyoshi Nakahata, and Warren Cromartie hit home runs for the Giants as they beat the Buffaloes before 23,091 fans at Fujidera Stadium in Osaka, completing their comeback after losing the first three games. Isao Koda won his second game of the Series. Yasunaga Makishi, Takayuki Murakami, and Daijiro Oishi homered for the Buffaloes, who made 3 errors in the final game.

25 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Tomorrow--Silverchair

#1 single in Italy: 7 Seconds--Youssou N'Dour & Neneh Cherry (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Hymn--Caballero

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Cotton-Eyed Joe--Rednex (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): Cotton-Eyed Joe--Rednex (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): 7 Seconds--Youssou N'Dour & Neneh Cherry (12th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Dromen zijn bedrog--Marco Borsato (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Baby Come Back--Pato Banton

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 I'll Make Love to You--Boyz II Men (10th week at #1)
2 All I Wanna Do--Sheryl Crow
3 Endless Love--Luther Vandross and Mariah Carey
4 Secret--Madonna
5 Another Night--Real McCoy
6 When Can I See You--Babyface
7 Never Lie--Immature
8 At Your Best (You are Love)--Aaliyah
9 Always--Bon Jovi
10 Here Comes the Hotstepper--Ini Kamoze

Singles entering the chart were Get Over It by the Eagles (#61); When We Dance by Sting (#81); Dance Naked by John Mellencamp (#89); Tic Toc by Lords of the Underground (#92); Shut Up and Kiss Me by Mary Chapin Carpenter (#93); and Word is Bond by Brand Nubian (#94).

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I'll Make Love to You--Boyz II Men (9th week at #1)
2 All I Wanna Do--Sheryl Crow
3 Secret--Madonna
4 Endless Love--Luther Vandross and Mariah Carey
5 Another Night--Real McCoy
6 100% Pure Love--Crystal Waters
7 When Can I See You--Babyface
8 Stroke You Up--Changing Faces
9 Stay (I Missed You)--Lisa Loeb & Nine Stories
10 Wild Night--John Mellencamp with Me’shell Ndegeocello

Singles entering the chart were When We Dance by Sting (#82); Can U Get Wit It by Usher (#85); Dance Naked by John Mellencamp (#86); Spin the Bottle by the Juliana Hatfield 3 (#87); Get Up on It by Keith Sweat (#88); Hip Hop Ride by Da Youngsta's (#90); Before I Let You Go by BLACKstreet (#91); and (I Could Only) Whisper Your Name by Harry Connick, Jr. (#94).

Crime
Francisco Martin Duran fired over two dozen shots at the White House with an assault rifle from the sidewalk along Pennsylvania Avenue. Mr. Duran was overpowered by bystanders and was later convicted of trying to kill U.S. President Bill Clinton, who was inside watching a football game on television at the time of the shooting.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (10-7) 46 @ Ottawa (4-13) 29
Winnipeg (12-5) 10 @ Baltimore (12-5) 57
Sacramento (8-8-1) 16 @ Edmonton (12-5) 22
Las Vegas (5-12) 7 @ British Columbia (11-5-1) 45

Tom Burgess threw 2 touchdown passes to Elbert Turner and rushed for 2 touchdowns of his own as the Roughriders beat the Rough Riders before 23,292 fans at Frank Clair Stadium. Ottawa running back Michael Richardson caught 2 touchdown passes from Danny Barrett.

Mike Pringle rushed for 200 yards and touchdowns of 23 and 7 yards as the Baltimore Football Club took a 37-0 halftime lead and routed the Blue Bombers before 39,417 fans at Memorial Stadium. Mr. Pringle broke the CFL single-season record for rushing yardage of 1,896, set by Willie Burden of the Calgary Stampeders in 1975. Baltimore quarterback Tracy Ham threw 3 touchdown passes to Chris Armstrong and rushed for another TD himself.

A controversial ruling on a play in the Edmonton end zone on the final play of the game went in favour of the Eskimos, allowing them to defeat the Gold Miners before 29,322 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Sacramento quarterback Kerwin Bell threw a pass to Marcus Dowdell for what the Gold Miners thought was the game-tying touchdown, but officials, after a lengthy delay, ruled the pass incomplete. Damon Allen and Lucius Floyd rushed for Edmonton touchdowns as the Eskimos came back from an early 13-0 deficit. Mr. Bell connected with Myron Wise for the game's first touchdown in the 3rd quarter.

Cory Philpot rushed for 150 yards and 3 touchdowns and caught a pass for another TD as the Lions routed the Posse before 22,701 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver.

Baseball
Nippon Series
Seibu Lions 1 @ Yomiuri Giants 3 (Yomiuri won best-of-seven series 4-2)

Hiromi Makihara won his second pitchers' duel of the Series over Kimiyasu Kudoh as the Giants defeated the Lions before 46,307 fans at the Tokyo Dome. Henry Cotto hit his second home run of the Series for Yomiuri.

20 years ago
1999


Abominations
The government of Canada agreed to pay $3.6 billion in back pay to thousands of mostly female workers to compensate for wage gaps between men and women. The Federal Court of Canada had upheld a Canadian Human Rights Tribunal order.

Disasters
A devastating cyclone swept through the state of Orissa in eastern India, killing at least 10,000 people and leaving an estimated 1.5 million homeless.

Football
CFL
Toronto (8-9) 13 @ Winnipeg (6-11) 18

Kerwin Bell completed a 94-yard touchdown bomb to Nigel Williams with 36 seconds left in the game to give the Blue Bombers a dramatic come-from-behind-win to keep their playoff hopes alive with one week remaining in the regular season. The winning touchdown pass bounced into Mr. Williams’ hands off Toronto defensive back Alundis Brice. The Argonauts led 13-4 on a touchdown pass from Jay Barker to Andre Kirwan and a convert and 2 field goals by Dan Giancola (including one from 54 yards) until Troy Westwood kicked his second field goal of the game with 3 seconds left in the 3rd quarter to reduce the lead to 13-7. A 10-yard field goal by Mr. Westwood at 6:12 of the fourth quarter made the score 13-10, but Mr. Westwood missed a field goal that would have tied the game, settling for a single with 2:23 remaining to cut the Argonauts’ lead to 13-11. Mr. Barker tried to bring the Argonauts back in the final seconds, but Henry Newby intercepted his pass on the game’s final play, sending 27,043 fans at Winnipeg Stadium home happy. Mr. Williams finished with 8 receptions for 144 yards.

10 years ago
2009


Baseball
World Series
Philadelphia Phillies 1 @ New York Yankees 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

The Phillies opened the scoring with a run in the 2nd inning, but Mark Teixeira hit a solo home run to tie the score in the 4th, and Hideki Matsui hit another solo homer in the 6th to provide the winning run as the Yankees won before 50,181 fans at Yankee Stadium, with A.J. Burnett outduelling Pedro Martinez.

October 28, 2019

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Kerry Hoffer and Mona Bernales!

1,050 years ago
969


War
The Byzantine Empire recovered Antioch from Arab rule after an 11-month siege of the city.

570 years ago
1449


Europeana
Christian I was crowned King of Denmark at Copenhagen Cathedral.

225 years ago
1794


Born on this date
Robert Liston
. U.K. physician. Dr. Liston, a native of Scotland, practiced in Edinburgh and London, and was known for his quickness in performing operations. On December 21, 1846, he performed the first operation in Europe under modern anaesthesia using ether, at University College Hospital in London. Dr. Liston invented several medical devices, including bulldog forceps. He died of an aneurysm on December 7, 1847 at the age of 53 .

180 years ago
1839


Born on this date
Edward P. Allen
. U.S. politician. Mr. Allen, a Republican, represented the Washtenaw County 1st District in the Michigan House of Representatives (1877-1880) and Michigan's 2nd District in the U.S. House of Representatives (1887-1891). He died on November 25, 1909, four weeks after his 70th birthday.

160 years ago
1859


War
Royal Navy Quartermaster William Hall became the first Negro and first Nova Scotian to receive the Victoria Cross when he was honoured for his actions in the Siege of Lucknow on November 16, 1857, during the Indian Rebellion. Quartermaster Hall and an officer from his ship continued to load and fire a 24-pounder gun at the walls after the rest of the party had been killed or injured by the defenders.

140 years ago
1879


Born on this date
Channing Cox
. U.S. politician. Mr. Cox, a Republican, sat in the Massachusetts House of Representatives (1909-1918), and was Speaker (1915-1918). He was Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts (1919-1921), and succeeded Calvin Coolidge as Governor, serving from 1921-1925. Mr. Cox advanced progressive educational and labour legislation, and was chairman of the National Governors Association (1922-1924). He declined to run for re-election in 1924, and retired from politics. Mr. Cox died on August 20, 1968 at the age of 88.

130 years ago
1889


Born on this date
Juliette Béliveau
. Canadian actress. Miss Béliveau, a native of Nicolet, Quebec, appeared in numerous plays, radio, and television programs. Her films included Un homme et son péché (1949); Le gros Bill (1949); and Tit-Coq (1952). Miss Béliveau was a member of the cast of the television program La famille Plouffe (1953-1957). She died in Montreal on August 26, 1975 at the age of 85.

Baseball
World Series
New York Giants 16 @ Brooklyn Bridegrooms 7 (New York led best-of-eleven series 5-3)

The Giants scored 9 runs in the first 2 innings and cruised to victory before 2,584 fans at Washington Park. The Bridegrooms scored 5 runs in the last 2 innings, but it wasn’t nearly enough. Ed "Cannonball" Crane went the distance for his fourth win of the series, while Adonis Terry took his second loss. Each team made 4 errors.

120 years ago
1899


Died on this date
Ottmar Mergenthaler, 45
. German-born U.S. engineer. Mr. Mergenthaler moved to the United States in 1872, and became an American citizen in 1878. He invented the linotype machine in the mid-1880s, which revolutionized the practice of printing. Mr. Mergenthaler died of tuberculosis.

Football
ORFU
Toronto (2-2) 12 @ Hamilton (0-4) 0

110 years ago
1909


Born on this date
Francis Bacon
. U.K. artist. Mr. Bacon was a hard-drinking sodomite who was known for abstract paintings showing grotesque depictions of the human condition. He died on April 28, 1992 at the age of 82.

100 years ago
1919


Born on this date
Walt Hansgen
. U.S. auto racing driver. Mr. Hansgen was the Sports Car Club of America national champion for four straight years from 1956-1959. He raced on the Formula One circuit in 1961 and 1964, and died at the age of 46 on April 7, 1966, four days after being injured in a crash while testing a car for the 24 Hours of Le Mans.

Society
The United States Congress overrode President Woodrow Wilson’s veto and passed the Volstead Act providing for enforcement of the Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution, ratified nine months earlier. Known as the Prohibition Amendment, it prohibited the "manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors" in the United States. Neither drinking nor buying liquor was prohibited.

90 years ago
1929


Died on this date
Bernhard von Bülow, 80
. Chancellor of Germany, 1900-1909. Fürst (Prince) von Bülow was Germany's Secretary of State of Foreign Affairs (1897-1900) and Prussia's Minister of Foreign Affairs (1897-1909) in addition to serving as Chancellor of Germany and Minister President of Prussia (1900-1909). He spent much of his time as Chancellor defending German imperialism and representing the views of Kaiser Wilhelm II.

Politics and government
Liberal Party candidate Joseph-Célestin-Avila Turcotte won a Quebec provincial by-election in the riding of Richelieu, receiving 2,426 votes to 1,451 for Conservative Party candidate Hervé Larivière and 258 for Independent Liberal Ulric Girouard. The Liberals had held the riding since 1897.

Economics and finance
On what became known as "Black Monday," a flood of selling continued on the New York Stock Exchange.

80 years ago
1939


On the radio



Died on this date
Alice Brady, 46
. U.S. actress. Miss Brady, born Mary Rose Brady, won the Academy Award for her supporting performance in In Old Chicago (1937). Her other movies included When Ladies Meet (1933); My Man Godfrey (1936); and Young Mr. Lincoln (1939). Miss Brady died of cancer, five days before her 47th birthday.

Football
CRU
IRFU
Toronto (3-1) 13 @ Ottawa (3-1) 8
Montreal (0-4) 0 @ Hamilton (2-2) 5

WIFU
Regina (6-6) 0 @ Winnipeg (10-2) 16

ORFU
Montreal (3-0-1) 6 @ Sarnia (1-1-2) 6

Fritz Hanson scored 2 touchdowns and Bill Nairn added 2 converts and a field goal as the Blue Bombers blanked the Roughriders before 4,000 fans at Osborne Stadium.

75 years ago
1944


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): You Always Hurt the One You Love--The Mills Brothers (Best Seller--3rd week at #1); (There'll Be a) Hot Time in the Town of Berlin (When the Yanks Go Marching In)--Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters with Vic Schoen and his Orchestra (Jukebox--3rd week at #1)

War
Bulgaria signed an armistice with the United Nations, which included provisions that Bulgaria give up portions of Greece and Yugoslavia acquired in 1941; immediately make available foodstuffs for relief of the people of Greek and Yugoslavian territories that suffered from Bulgarian occupation; and release Allied prisoners. Canadian units in the Netherlands captured the ancient seacoast fortress of Bergen op Zoom. British Royal Air Force bombers dropped a record 4,000 tons of explosives on the German city of Cologne. Soviet troops entered Slovakia on a broad front west of Ruthenia. U.S. troops and Philippine guerrillas overran and completed the occupation of Samar Island. U.S. Army General Joseph Stilwell was removed from his Far Eastern posts as U.S. commander in the China-Burma-India theatre; chief of staff to Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek; and deputy to Lord Louis Mountbatten. Lieutenant General Daniel Sultan was given command of the Burma-India front and Major General A.C. Wedemeyer the China front.

Politics and government
Three Mississippi Democratic party electors announced that they would vote for U.S. Senator Harry F. Byrd (Democrat--Virginia) for President of the United States in the 1944 election. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt pledged himself to a postwar program of high pay and adequate return for farm and factory products, while New York Governor and Democratic Party U.S. presidential candidate Thomas Dewey said that if he were elected he would end all farm controls established by President Roosevelt's New Deal.

Football
MASSFL
Finals
Central Navigation School (Rivers) 7 @ Wireless School (Winnipeg) 11 (1st game of 2-game, total points series)

Reg Harmer and Charlie Harrison scored touchdowns for the Bombers as they defeated the Pathfinders at Osborne Stadium. Buddy Meier scored a touchdown for CNS.

70 years ago
1949


Died on this date
Guy Jasmin
. Canadian journalist. Mr. Jasmin was editor-in-chief of the Montreal newspaper Le Canada; he was killed in the crash of Air France Flight 009.

Marcel Cerdan, 33. Algerian-born French boxer. Mr. Cerdan compiled a record of 111-4 in a professional career that began in 1934. He knocked out Tony Zale in 12 rounds to win the world middleweight title on September 21, 1948, and after two more wins in non-title bouts, lost the belt to Jake LaMotta on a 9-round knockout on June 16, 1949. Mr. Cerdan was on his way to the United States for a rematch with Mr. LaMotta when he was killed in the crash of Air France Flight 009.

Ginette Neveu, 30. French musician. Miss Neveu was a concert violinist who was popular in the 1930s and '40s, although her career was interrupted by World War II. She and her brother Jean-Paul, who accompanied her on piano, were killed in the crash of Air France Flight 009.

War
Israel demanded that Arab states deal directly with its representatives in peace negotiations, threatening otherwise to quit the UN Palestine Conciliation Commission.

Diplomacy
Eugenie Anderson, the U.S.A.'s first female ambassador, was sworn in as U.S. envoy to Denmark.

Politics and government
French Popular Republican leader Georges Bidault won parliamentary approval for a new cabinet with Socialist, Radical, and Popular Republican representation. Most of the new ministers had served in the previous cabinet of Prime Minister Henri Queuille.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Federal Reserve Board reported industrial production at its lowest level in four years, due to the coal and steel strikes.

Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP) in Japan General Douglas MacArthur announced plans to return Japan's export trade, currently handled by Allied authorities, to private hands.

Labour
The leftist Congress of Industrial Organizations United Farm Equipment and Metal Workers Union announced its merger with the CIP United Electrical Workers union.

The U.S. National Labor Relations Board ruled the International Typographical Union in violation of the Taft-Hartley Act for attempting to imposed a closed-shop contract provision on Chicago newspaper publishers.

Disasters
Air France Flight 009, a Lockheed Constellation en route from Paris to New York, crashed into a mountain while attempting to land at Santa Maria Airport in the Azores on a stopover, killing all 37 passengers and 11 crew members.

60 years ago
1959


Died on this date
Walther Bauersfeld, 80
. German engineer. Mr. Bauersfeld designed the Zeiss I model, the world's first planetarium, in Jena, Germany in 1923. He designed more than a dozen other planetariums before World War II.

Camilo Cienfuegos, 27. Cuban guerrilla leader. Mr. Cienfuegos was one of Fidel Castro's top guerilla commanders, and was appointed head of Cuba's armed forces shortly after Mr. Castro's rebel forces took power at the beginning of 1959. He was lost and presumed dead when the small plane he was travelling in disappeared on a night flight from Camagüey to Havana; conspiracy theories abound.

Space
U.S. House of Representatives Space Committee Chairman Overton Brooks (Democrat--Louisiana) announced that his committee would begin an inquiry into "every facet" of the American space program to see why the U.S.A. was "lagging" behind the U.S.S.R.

War
French President Charles de Gaulle called on leaders of the French Army and civil administration in Algeria to show "devotion" and "discipline" in attempting to end the five-year-old Algerian rebellion.

Football
ORFU
Sarnia (7-4) 50 @ London (7-4) 17

J.B. Smith scored 3 of Sarnia’s 7 touchdowns as the Golden Bears clinched first place at Labatt Park. Other Sarnia touchdowns were scored by Gene Cook, Fran Rogel, Chuck Stanley, and Ed Vernes. Mr. Vernes converted 4 of the touchdowns and added a field goal and single. London coach Al Bruno scored both of the Lords’ touchdowns; Earl Kaiser converted both and added a field goal.

50 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Grüezi wohl, Frau Stirnimaa--Die Minstrels

On the radio
A Book at Bedtime, on BBC 4
Tonight's episode: The Hound of the Baskervilles, Part 7, read by Nigel Stock

Died on this date
Constance Dowling, 49
. U.S. actress. Miss Dowling appeared in several Broadway plays before acting in television programs and low-budget movies in Hollywood and Italy. Her films included Up in Arms (1944) and Black Angel (1946). Miss Dowling died of a heart attack.

Politics and government
Prime Minister Golda Meir’s Alignment coalition of the Labour and Mapam Parties retained power in the Israeli general election, taking 56 of 120 seats in the Knesset. The right-wing Gahal alliance, led by Menachem Begin, was second with 26 seats. Teddy Kollek was re-elected Mayor of Jerusalem in an election marked by an unexpectedly heavy turnout of Arab voters in the former Jordanian section of the city.

Sudanese Prime Minister Babiker Awadalla was ousted by the Revoolutionary Command Council and replaced by Council chairman Jafie Muhammed Nimeri.

War
U.S. Senator J.W. Fulbright emerged from a closed session of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and asserted that the United States was conducting a secret war in Laos without the knowledge or consent of Congress.

Environment
The California Department of Agriculture ordered the state’s farmers to stop using DDT and another similar pesticide on 47 crops and on livestock. State officials estimated that the ban would cut the use of the chemicals there by 50%.

Labour
The U.S. Court of Appeals ruled that General Electric’s widely-publicized "take it or leave it" approach to bargaining was a violation of the National Labor Relations Act’s mandate to bargain in "good faith."

40 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Born to Be Alive--Patrick Hernandez (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: We Don't Talk Anymore--Cliff Richard (2nd week at #1)

Diplomacy
The first Chinese leader to visit Britain, Chairman Hua Kuo-Feng, arrived in London to start a six-day visit.

Hockey
NHL
Montreal 4 @ Quebec 5

This was the first game at Le Colisee between the Nordiques and Canadiens.



Football
CFL
Calgary (11-4) 28 @ Toronto (5-10) 12
British Columbia (9-5-1) 12 @ Saskatchewan (2-13) 26
Winnipeg (4-12) 11 @ Edmonton (11-2-2) 19

James Sykes rushed 17 times for 89 yards and a touchdown and Willie Burden carried 17 times for 85 yards and a touchdown as the Stampeders eliminated the Argonauts from playoff contention in front of an Exhibition Stadium crowd of 36,226. Ken Johnson completed a 20-yard pass to Willie Armstead for the other Calgary touchdown, while Toronto’s only touchdown came on an 8-yard pass from Tony Adams to Terry Metcalf.

Frank Dark intercepted a Joe Paopao pass and returned it 102 yards for a touchdown late in the first quarter to help the Roughriders to their win before a happy crowd of 28,012 at Taylor Field in Regina. Saskatchewan’s only offensive touchdown was scored by Joey Walters in the fourth quarter on a 9-yard pass from Danny Sanders. Reg Boudreau converted both and added 4 field goals. B.C.’s only touchdown came in the fourth quarter on an 87-yard pass from Mike Nott to Jim Young. It was the longest play of Mr. Young’s 13-year CFL career, and it came in his second-last regular season game.

Tom Wilkinson completed an 11-yard touchdown pass to Waddell Smith early in the first quarter and Dave Cutler kicked 3 field goals as the Eskimos did their best to put 42,778 fans at Commonwealth Stadium to sleep on a sunny Sunday afternoon. Dave Cutler converted and added 3 field goals and a single. The only Winnipeg touchdown was also scored in the first quarter on a 10-yard pass from Dieter Brock to Walt Passaglia. Bernie Ruoff converted and added a field goal and single in what turned out to be his last game as a Blue Bomber. It was the last game of the decade for the Blue Bombers, and among the players who ended their careers in this game was offensive tackle Charlie Turner, who spent 8 of his CFL seasons with the Eskimos. On the other hand, it was the first CFL game for Winnipeg defensive back Charles Williams. Carl Crennell, recently acquired from the Montreal Alouettes, played his first game as an Eskimo at linebacker. For backup Edmonton offensive lineman Leo Blanchard, it was the first game of a 13-year CFL career.

Baseball
Nippon Series
Kintetsu Buffaloes 4 @ Hiroshima Carp 0 (Kintetsu led best-of-seven series 2-0)

30 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Lambada--Kaoma (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Pump Up the Jam--Technotronic (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Cœur de loup--Philippe Lafontaine (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): That's What I Like--Jive Bunny and the Mastermixers (2nd week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Girl I'm Gonna Miss You--Milli Vanilli (2nd week at #1)
2 If Only I Could--Sydney Youngblood
3 Lambada--Kaoma
4 Right Here Waiting--Richard Marx
5 A Bit Of..--Kiss AMC
6 If I Could Turn Back Time--Cher
7 It's Hard to Be Tender--Carly Simon
8 Pump Up the Jam--Technotronic featuring Felly
9 Oye Mi Canto (Hear My Voice)--Gloria Estefan
10 Room in My Heart--Living in a Box

Singles entering the chart were That's What I Like by Jive Bunny and the Mastermixers (#23); Sweet Surrender by Wet Wet Wet (#27); Lily was Here by David A. Stewart and featuring Candy Dulfer (#29); Take Care of Yourself by Level 42 (#30); and Met Open Ogen (Mini Mix) by Het Goede Doel (#36).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Miss You Much--Janet Jackson (4th week at #1)
2 Sowing the Seeds of Love--Tears for Fears
3 Listen to Your Heart--Roxette
4 Cover Girl--New Kids on the Block
5 Love in an Elevator--Aerosmith
6 Dr. Feelgood--Motley Crue
7 It's No Crime--Babyface
8 Bust a Move--Young M.C.
9 When I See You Smile--Bad English
10 Rock Wit'cha--Bobby Brown

Singles entering the chart were I Live by the Groove by Paul Carrack (#70); Just Between You and Me by Lou Gramm (#83); When the Night Comes by Joe Cocker (#85); Was it Nothing at All by Michael Damian (#88); How am I Supposed to Live Without You by Michael Bolton (#89); Swing the Mood by Jive Bunny and the Mastermixers (#91); Crossroads by Tracy Chapman (#95); Realistic by Shirley Lewis (#98); and Bring it All Back by Grayson Hugh (#99).

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Miss You Much--Janet Jackson (3rd week at #1)
2 Love Song--The Cure
3 Sowing the Seeds of Love--Tears for Fears
4 Listen to Your Heart--Roxette
5 Dr. Feelgood--Motley Crue
6 Mixed Emotions--Rolling Stones
7 Cover Girl--New Kids on the Block
8 Love in an Elevator--Aerosmith
9 Rock Wit'cha--Bobby Brown
10 Bust a Move--Young M.C.

Singles entering the chart were Just Between You and Me by Lou Gramm (#65); The Arms of Orion by Prince with Sheena Easton (#75); I'm Not the Man I Used to Be by Fine Young Cannibals (#80); How am I Supposed to Live Without You by Michael Bolton (#82); Pump Up the Jam by Technotronic featuring Felly (#84); and Sold Me Down the River by the Alarm (#87).

Died on this date
Henry Hall, 91
. U.K. bandleader. Mr. Hall began leading the BBC Dance Orchestra in 1932, and and remained popular in this position until his retirement in 1964.

Diplomacy
A two-day summit in San Jose, Costa Rica of leaders of Western Hemisphere countries concluded. U.S. President George Bush referred to Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega as a "little man," and as "an animal at a garden party."

Protest
10,000 people gathered in Wenceslas Square in Prague to observe the 71st anniversary of the founding of the republic of Czechoslovakia. The demonstration was broken up by club-swinging police.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (15-2) 25 @ British Columbia (6-11) 19

Blake Marshall scored 2 touchdowns on short runs and Jerry Kauric kicked 2 converts, 3 field goals, and 2 singles as the Eskimos defeated the Lions before 27,115 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver to become the first CFL team to win 15 games in a season. Reggie Taylor led Edmonton’s ground game with 84 yards on 14 carries, while Tom Richards caught 6 passes for 135 yards and Craig Ellis caught 6 for 94. B.C. quarterback Matt Dunigan completed just 14 of 38 passes for 165 yards and 3 interceptions. Mr. Dunigan ran 1 yard for a B.C. touchdown in the second quarter, and completed a 5-yard touchdown pass to Eric Streater with 14 seconds remaining in the fourth quarter to draw the Lions to within a touchdown of the Eskimos.

CIAU
St. Mary’s (7-0) 50 Mount Allison (0-7) 6
Acadia (5-2) 28 St. Francis Xavier (2-5) 8
Calgary (4-4) 24 @ British Columbia (5-3) 34

Playoffs
Ontario semi-finals
Waterloo 7 @ Western Ontario 49
Guelph 13 @ Toronto 14

Ontario-Quebec semi-finals
McGill 17 @ Queen’s 33
Concordia 17 @ Ottawa 36

Doug Lynch completed 21 of 35 passes for 399 yards and 4 touchdowns to lead the Thunderbirds past the Dinosaurs at Thunderbird Stadium in Vancouver. With the win, B.C. clinched the WIFL’s second and last playoff spot, eliminating Alberta from contention.

Baseball
World Series
Oakland Athletics 9 @ San Francisco Giants 6 (Oakland won best-of-seven series 4-0)

The Athletics jumped out to an 8-0 lead after 5½ innings and held on to defeat the Giants before 62,032 fans at Candlestick Park to win the World Series for the first time since 1974. Rickey Henderson led off the game with a home run off losing pitcher Don Robinson, and winning pitcher Mike Moore doubled in 2 runs and scored in the 2nd inning. Kevin Mitchell and Greg Litton each hit 2-run homers for the Giants.



Nippon Series
Yomiuri Giants 3 @ Kintetsu Buffaloes 1 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

Herman Rivera hit a solo home run for the Giants in the bottom of the 4th inning to open the scoring, but the Giants responded with 2 runs in the top of the 5th and 1 in the 8th to win before 23,030 fans at Fujidera Stadium in Osaka. Kaoru Okazaki hit his second home run of the series for Yomiuri.

25 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): This is the Way--E-type

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Saturday Night--Whigfield (5th week at #1)

Politics and government
U.S. President Bill Clinton visited U.S. troops in Kuwait.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the gross domestic product had grown 3.4% at an annual rate during the third quarter of 1994 (subject to revision).

Football
CFL
Shreveport (2-15) 29 @ Toronto (7-10) 27

Bjorn Nittmo's fifth field goal of the game--a 55-yard kick as regulation time ran out--gave the Pirates the win over the Argonauts before 20,328 fans at SkyDome. The kick climaxed a wild last minute in which Shreveport, trailing 24-19, had taken a 26-24 lead on a 75-yard punt return for a touchdown by David Lucas, converted by Mr. Nittmo with 58 seconds remaining. Toronto's Wayne Lammle kicked his fourth field goal of the game with 7 seconds left to give the Argonauts a 27-26 lead, but a 27-yard pass completion from the Shreveport 35-yard line to the Toronto 48 with 1 second left allowed Mr. Nittmo to make his winning kick. Martin Patton rushed for the other Shreveport touchdown, while Muhammad Shamsid-Deen rushed for the 2 Toronto touchdowns.



20 years ago
1999


Terrorism
Five gunmen in Armenia released members of parliament that they had been holding hostage in Yerevan after negotiations led by President Robert Kocharian. Three of the gunmen were charged in the attack which had begun the day before and had resulted in the assassination of Prime Minister Vazgen Sargsyan and the deaths of seven others. 40 hostages were released.

10 years ago
2009


Died on this date
Taylor Mitchell, 19
. Canadian musician. Miss Mitchell, born Taylor Luciow in Toronto, was a singer-songwriter who performed at folk festivals and released an EP in 2007 and an album in 2009. She was on a tour of Atlantic Canada and was hiking on Cape Breton Island when she was badly mauled by a coyote, and died in hospital in Halifax from loss of blood. Miss Mitchell's death led to a reassessment of the risk to humans from the predatory behaviour of coyotes.

Space
NASA successfully launched Ares I-X, the only rocket launch for its short-lived Constellation Program of planned manned flight.



Terrorism
A car bomb detonated in a meena bazaar (market for women and children) in Peshawar, Pakistan, killing 137 people and wounding 213. The Taliban and Al-Qaeda denied responsibility.

Baseball
World Series
Philadelphia Phillies 6 @ New York Yankees 1 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Chase Utley hit solo home runs in the 3rd and 6th innings to provide the necessary scoring, and Cliff Lee pitched a 6-hit complete game victory for the defending champion Phillies as they beat the Yankees before 50,207 fans at Yankee Stadium.