Saturday, 30 June 2018

June 30, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Lucia Rios!

310 years ago
1708


Died on this date
Tekle Haymanot I, 24
. Emperor of Ethiopia, 1706-1708. Tekle Haymanot I was the son of Emperor Iyasu I, and acceded to the throne upon his father's retirement. Emperor Tekle Haymanot I ordered his father's murder in 1707 prompted much resentment, and Tekle Haymanot I was stabbed to death by some of his father's courtiers while travelling in the provinces. Tekle Haymanot I was succeeded as Emperor by his uncle Tewoflos.

260 years ago
1758


War
Austrian forces commanded by Generalfeldwachtmeister Ernst Gideon von Laudon and Joseph von Siskovits defeated Prussian forces led by Lieutenant General Hans Joachim von Zieten in the Battle of Domstadtl in Moravia.

200 years ago
1818


Diplomacy
The United Kingdom returned Maine's Moose Island to American control after clarification of the boundary line. The island had been captured by Thomas Hardy on July 11, 1814 to establish a colony called New Ireland at the end of the War of 1812 on the Atlantic coast.

170 years ago
1848


Education
Toronto schools closed for a year because city council refused to raise funding from £500 to £2,000 per annum.

125 years ago
1893


Born on this date
Walter Ulbricht
. German politician. Mr. Ulbricht was a Social Democrat before joining the Communist Party in the early 1920s. He was First Secretary of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (1950-1971), effectively the head of the Communist government of East Germany. He was also Chairman of the State Council (head of state) (1960-1973). Mr. Ulbricht was a loyal Marxist-Leninist and Stalinist, and was in power when the Berlin Wall was built in 1961. He was removed from power in 1971, but remained as head of state until his death on August 1, 1973 at the age of 80.

110 years ago
1908

World events

A powerful natural explosion from an unknown cause (perhaps a meteorite) rocked the Tunguska Basin, in eastern Siberia, flattening hundreds of square miles of forest and resulting in tremors that could be felt hundreds of miles away.

Baseball
Cy Young pitched his third career major league no-hitter as the Boston Red Sox shut out the New York Highlanders 8-0 before 1,500 fans at Hilltop Park in New York. Mr. Young also batted 3 for 5 with a run and 4 runs batted in.

Doc White pitched a 4-hiiter to win the pitchers' duel over George Mullin, who allowed 5 hits, as the Chicago White Sox edged the Detroit Tigers 2-1 at South Side Park in Chicago.

Glenn Liebhardt pitched a 3-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Jack Powell as the Cleveland Naps edged the St. Louis Browns 2-1 at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis.

Luther Taylor pitched a 5-hitter for the New York Giants as they blanked the Brooklyn Superbas 3-0 before 2,500 fans at Washington Park in Brooklyn.

90 years ago
1928


Labour
The convict lease system in Alabama expired, affecting over 700 men in coal mines.

Disasters
48 miners were killed in a cave-in and fire-damp in a coal mine near St. Etienne, France.

80 years ago
1938


Baseball
Hank Leiber batted 4 for 6 with a home run, 2 doubles, and 5 runs batted in, and Sam Leslie was 5 for 6 with 2 doubles, 2 runs, and 2 RBIs as the New York Giants routed the Philadelphia Phillies 14-1 before 1,500 fans in the last major league game ever played at Baker Bowl in Philadelphia, which had been the Phillies' home since 1895. The Phillies subsequently shared Shibe Park with the Athletics.

Van Mungo pitched a 1-hitter and had a hit of his own to lead the Brooklyn Dodgers to a 5-0 win over the Boston Bees before 2,581 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. Rabbit Warstler doubled to lead off the 5th inning for the only Boston hit.

Cy Blanton pitched a 3-hitter for the Pittsburgh Pirates as they beat the Cincinnati Reds 3-1 before 3,685 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh.

The Boston Red Sox scored 4 runs in the 5th inning and 5 in the 6th as they routed the Washington Nationals 11-1 before 4,400 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Jim Bagby pitched a 6-hit complete game victory.

Joe DiMaggio, the fourth New York Yankee batter in the game, hit a 3-run home run to give the Yankees a 4-0 lead before a batter had been retired in the bottom of the 1st inning, and the Yankees coasted to a 7-1 win over the Philadelphia Athletics before 4,663 fans at Yankee Stadium. Red Ruffing pitched a 4-hit complete game victory.

Al Pytlak tripled with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning and Johnny Allen singled him home to give the Cleveland Indians a 10-9 win over the Detroit Tigers at League Park in Cleveland. Mr. Allen relieved starting pitcher Bob Feller and was credited with the win despite allowing 2 earned runs in 2 innings, improving his 1938 record to 11-1.

The Chicago White Sox scored 5 runs in the 4th inning of an 11-1 rout of the St. Louis Browns before 888 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Jack Knott pitched a 4-hit complete game victory.

75 years ago
1943


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): White Christmas--Bing Crosby (1st month at #1)

War
Soviet troops repulsed German attacks on the Leningrad, Smolensk, and Kursk fronts and captured a German position on the Velikie Luki front. U.S. Flying Fortresses bombed Palermo and the Bocca di Falco airfield in Sicily while other Allied planes attacked airfields at Sciacca, Borizzo, and Milo. At dawn, U.S. forces landed on Rendova Island in the central Solomons, 195 miles north of Guadalcanal. U.S. forces landed at Nassau Bay, 11 miles southwest of Salamaua, New Guinea, under an umbrella of fighter planes.

Defense
The New York area had its first test of barrage balloons "somewhere on Long Island" when 34 were sent aloft over an industrial area.

Economics and finance
Both houses of the United States Congress adopted the conference report banning subsidies to hole down retail food prices, ordering the meat and butter price rollback ended by August 1, and extending the Commodity Credit Corporation.

Favourable war news sent New York Stock Exchange prices to their highest levels in three years.

70 years ago
1948


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Near You--Bing Crosby; Dick Haymes and the Andrews Sisters (2nd month at #1)

War
The last British troops left Palestine.

Robert H. Best, a U.S. citizen convicted of broadcasting Nazi propaganda during World War II, was sentenced in Boston to life imprisonment for treason.

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King delivered his last speech to the House of Commons.

Environment
U.S. President Harry Truman signed a bill authorizing $126.5 million over five years for research on means of combatting water pollution. Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Kentucky, New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia signed an agreement establishing a joint sanitary authority for the streams of the Ohio River Valley.

Economics and finance
U.S. Economic Cooperation Administrator Paul Hoffman threatened to cut off U.S. aid to any country exporting war materials to the U.S.S.R.

Labour
Cuban sugar workers ended strike threats when President Ramon Grau San Martin promised to maintain their wages at 1947 levels and reduce their work week from 48 to 44 hours.

Baseball
Bob Lemon pitched a no-hitter for the Cleveland Indians as they shut out the Detroit Tigers 2-0 before 49,761 fans at Briggs Stadium in Detroit. Losing pitcher Art Houtteman allowed just 5 hits and no earned runs. The game was played in 1 hour 33 minutes.

Vern Stephens drove in 5 runs with a home run, single, and 2 outfield flies to lead the Boston Red Sox to a 7-3 win over the New York Yankees before 31,615 fans at Yankee Stadium.

Whitey Platt hit a solo home run in the 5th inning, doubled in the 7th, and singled home Al Zarilla with the winning run in the bottom of the 8th as the St. Louis Browns edged the Chicago White Sox 2-1 before 2,267 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis.

Bill Voiselle pitched a 7-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Larry Jansen as the Boston Braves defeated the New York Giants 3-1 before 22,417 fans at Braves Field. Johnny Mize's home run accounted for the New York scoring.

The Philadelphia Phillies scored 3 runs in the 2nd inning, 3 in the 3rd, and 6 in the 4th as they beat the Brooklyn Dodgers 13-4 before 6,687 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn.

Every man in the lineup for the Chicago Cubs had at least one hit as they beat the St. Louis Cardinals 9-1 before 19,140 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Ralph Hamner pitched a 6-hit complete game victory.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Purple People Eater--Sheb Wooley (Best Seller--4th week at #1; Disc Jockey--2nd week at #1; Top 100--4th week at #1)

Politics and government
Nationalist Chinese Prime Minister O.K. Yui resigned and was replaced by Chen Chiang in a move said to indicate Mr. Chen's possible choice as a successor to President Chiang Kai-shek.

50 years ago
1968


Politics and government
The second round of French parliamentary elections resulted in a majority of seats in the National Assembly going to supporters of President Charles de Gaulle. The Union pour la défense de la République (Union for the Defense of the Republic), led by Georges Pompidou, took 293 of 487 seats, and the allied Républicains indépendants (Independent Republicans) won 61. The Socialists, led by François Mitterrand, won 57 seats, down from 117 seats in the most recent election in 1967. The Communist Party, led by Waldeck Rochet, dropped from 73 seats to 34.

Kristján Eldjárn was elected President of Iceland, taking 65.6% of the vote to 34.4% for Gunnar Thoroddsen.

Religion
Pope Paul VI issued the Credo of the People of God.

Golf
Dave Stockton won the Cleveland Open with a score of 276. First prize money was $22,000.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Rivers of Babylon--Boney M. (11th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Rivers of Babylon--Boney M. (2nd week at #1)

Diplomacy
U.S. Vice President Walter Mondale began a four-day visit to Israel and Egypt.

Asiatica
It was announced that Brunei would become independent of the United Kingdom in 1983 and that the neighbouring countries of Malaysia and Indonesia would respect Brunei's independence.

Abominations
In a gesture to the Communist government of the People's Republic of China, the U.S. administration of President Jimmy Carter announced that it had decided not to sell 60 F-4 fighter-bombers to Taiwan. The $500-million sale was considered by Mr. Carter and the State Department to be inconsistent with the policy of a "strong and secure" mainland China.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Gimme Hope Jo'anna--Eddy Grant (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Afrikka, sarvikuonojen maa--Eppu Normaali (3rd week at #1)

Politics and government
One speaker at the 19th All-Union Conference of the Soviet Communist Party in Moscow called for a purge of President Andrei Gromyko and other members of the "old guard." Others complained about systemic shortcomings, including bureaucratic interference in the economy.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the U.S.A. was still the world's largest debtor nation at the end of 1987. The net debt burden stood at $269.24 billion, an increase of 37% in a year.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Hamilton (0-1) 12 @ Toronto (1-0) 16

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): (I Can't Help) Falling in Love with You--UB40

At the movies
The Firm, directed by Sydney Pollack and starring Tom Cruise, opened in theatres.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Edmonton (1-1) 27 @ British Columbia (0-2) 20

20 years ago
1998


Labour
Conductors were eliminated on Canadian passenger trains as a cost-saving measure.

10 years ago
2008


Law
Justice Michel Bastarche retired after more than a decade with the Supreme Court of Canada.

Friday, 29 June 2018

June 29, 2018

150 years ago
1868


Born on this date
George Ellery Hale
. U.S. astronomer. Professor Hale was known for his study of the Sun and for his invention of the spectrohelioscope, a type of solar telescope that allows the Sun to be viewed in a selected wavelength of light. He died on February 21, 1938 at the age of 69.

130 years ago
1888


Music
George Edward Gouraud recorded G.F. Handel's Israel in Egypt onto a phonograph cylinder, thought for many years to be the oldest known recording of music.

120 years ago
1898


Transportation
The first through passenger train across Newfoundland left St. John's at 7:20 P.M. and arrived at Port aux Basques at 10:45 P.M. on June 30.

110 years ago
1908


Calgariana
The first Dominion Exhibition opened, serving as a predecessor to the Calgary Stampede.

90 years ago
1928


Abominations
Two Negroes who had wounded two white men in a debt dispute were lynched near Brook Haven, Mississippi.

Politics and government
The U.S. Democratic National Convention concluded at Sam Houston Hall in Houston, with U.S. Senator Joseph T. Robinson (Arkansas) being elected as the party's 1928 U.S. vice presidential nominee.

Adventure
John Henry Mears and Captain B.B. Collyer, who were trying to travel around the world by steamship and airplane in 23 days, left the Battery at 5 A.M. in a seaplane for the Ambrose Channel Lightship. There they were transferred to a pilot boat, and boarded the outward bound White Star liner Olympic for Cherbourg.

Ray Woods, 22, dove off the Brooklyn Bridge and was unhurt; he claimed to have also made the dive five days earlier.

Transportation
Two new bridges connecting Staten Island, New York and New Jersey were opened to traffic.

75 years ago
1943


War
The U.K. Royal Air Force and Royal Canadian Air Force completed the 117th air assault upon Cologne, while other units attacked Hanover for the 97th time. More than 100 U.S. Flying Fortresses struck Livorno, 200 miles northwest of Rome. The Yugoslavian government-in-exile in London revealed that General Draja Mikhailovich's forces were counterattacking against eight German divisions in Herzegovina, Montenegro, and eastern Bosnia after absorbing a 40-day German offensive.

Crime
The U.S. Federal Court of Appeals in Chicago granted new trials to six people convicted of aiding executed German spy Herbert Haupt because confessions obtained by the Federal Bureau of Investigation had been improperly used at the trial of Mr. Haupt's parents Hans and Erna Haupt, his uncle and aunt Walter and Lucille Froeling, and Otto and Kate Wergin.

70 years ago
1948


Television
Audience Research, a branch of Gallup Poll, reported that 354,000 television sets were in use in the United States.

War
Communist forces in China established a blockade of Mukden and Changchun, the main Nationalist-held cities of Manchuria.

Indian troops reported capturing the Kashmiri transport centre of Gurais.

Japanese General Yoshitaka Kawane and Colonel Kurataro Hirano were sentenced to death by a U.S. military tribunal in Yokohama for ordering the 1942 Bataan "death march."

Education
John Studebaker resigned as U.S. Education Commissioner to join Scholastic Magazine.

Labour
Longshoremen in London voted to end their 16-day dock strike after employers promised to review contract penalty clauses condemned by workers as unfair.

60 years ago
1958


On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents on CBS
Tonight's episode: Little White Frock, starring Herbert Marshall, Julie Adams, and Tom Helmore

This was the last episode of the season.

Died on this date
Karl Arnold, 57
. West German politician. Mr. Arnold, a member of the Christian Democratic Union, was Minister President of North Rhine-Westphalia (1947-1956) and President of the German Bundesrat (1949-1950). He was a member of the Bundestag from 1957 until his death.

War
A 1,000-man Druze guerrilla force attacked areas southwest of Beirut in an apparent effort to take positions adjacent to Beirut International Airport.

People's Republic of China fighters shot down two Nationalist Chinese F-86 jets near Swatow.

Economics and finance
U.K. Prime Minister Harold Macmillan and Foreign Secretary Selwyn Lloyd flew to Paris for talks with French Prime Minister Charles de Gaulle on French policy regarding North Atlantic Treaty Organization and Western European economic unity.

Soccer
FIFA World Cup
Final @ Råsunda Stadium, Solna, Sweden
Brazil 5 Sweden 2

Vavá and Pelé each scored 2 goals before 49,737 fans to lead Brazil to its first World Cup title.





50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): The Unicorn--The Irish Rovers (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Rain and Tears--Aphrodite's Child (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): La bambola--Patty Pravo (9th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Delilah--Tom Jones (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Honey--Bobby Goldsboro (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Jumpin' Jack Flash--The Rolling Stones

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): This Guy's in Love with You--Herb Alpert (2nd week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Ich Bau' Dir Ein Schloss--Heintje
2 Jumpin' Jack Flash--The Rolling Stones
3 Summertime Blues--Blue Cheer
4 Young Girl--The Union Gap
5 If I Only Had Time--John Rowles
6 Lazy Sunday--Small Faces
7 Hello, How are You?--The Easybeats
8 Honey--Bobby Goldsboro
9 Mrs. Robinson--Simon and Garfunkel
7 I Can't Let Maggie Go--The Honeybus
10 Camp--Sir Henry and his Butlers

Singles entering the chart were Because I Love You by the Free (#29); The Hurdy Gurdy Man by Donovan (#31); My Name is Jack by Manfred Mann (#35); This Guy's in Love with You by Herb Alpert (#38); and Yummy Yummy Yummy by Ohio Express (#40). My Name is Jack was a version of the song performed by John Simon in the movie You Are What You Eat (1968).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 This Guy's in Love with You--Herb Alpert (2nd week at #1)
2 MacArthur Park--Richard Harris
3 Mrs. Robinson--Simon and Garfunkel
4 Angel of the Morning--Merrilee Rush & the Turnabouts
5 Yummy Yummy Yummy--Ohio Express
6 Jumpin' Jack Flash--The Rolling Stones
7 The Look of Love--Sergio Mendes & Brasil '66
8 Reach Out of the Darkness--Friend and Lover
9 The Horse--Cliff Nobles & Co.
10 Here Comes the Judge--Shorty Long

Singles entering the chart were Autumn of My Life by Bobby Goldsboro (#69); Dreams of the Everyday Housewife by Wayne Newton (#75); Tuesday Afternoon (Forever Afternoon) by the Moody Blues (#76); Dreams of the Everyday Housewife by Glen Campbell (#77); Love Street (#81)/Hello, I Love You (#84) by the Doors; Love Makes a Woman by Barbara Acklin (#87); Turn on Your Love Light by Bill Black's Combo (#94); Step Inside Love by Cilla Black (#95); D-I-V-O-R-C-E by Tammy Wynette (#96); Mrs. Bluebird by Eternity's Children (#98); Classical Gas by Mason Williams (#99); and He Gives Me Love (La La La) by Lesley Gore (#100).

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 This Guy's in Love with You--Herb Alpert
2 MacArthur Park--Richard Harris
3 Mony Mony--Tommy James and the Shondells
4 Angel of the Morning--Merrilee Rush
5 Yummy Yummy Yummy--Ohio Express
6 Think--Aretha Franklin
7 Mrs. Robinson--Simon and Garfunkel
8 Master Jack--Four Jacks and a Jill
9 Sleepy Joe--Herman's Hermits
10 Reach Out of the Darkness--Friend and Lover

Singles entering the chart were I'm a Midnight Mover by Wilson Pickett (#71); With Pen in Hand by Billy Vera (#72); Look Over Your Shoulder by the O'Jays (#73); Turn Around, Look at Me by the Vogues (#75); Give Me One More Chance by Wilmer and the Dukes (#86); Remember Me by Dee Depaul (#87); D-I-V-O-R-C-E by Tammy Wynette (#89); Blue Bonnie Blue by the 49th Parallel (#93); Young Birds Fly by the Cryan' Shames (#95); Sealed with a Kiss by Gary Lewis and the Playboys (#99); and I See the Rain by the Great Flood (#100).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Yummy Yummy Yummy--Ohio Express
2 Mony Mony--Tommy James and the Shondells
3 Jumpin' Jack Flash--The Rolling Stones
4 I Wanna Live--Glen Campbell
5 Choo Choo Train--The Box Tops
6 A Man Without Love (Quando M'innamoro)--Engelbert Humperdinck
7 Lady Willpower--Gary Puckett and the Union Gap
8 MacArthur Park--Richard Harris
9 I Love You--People
10 San Francisco Girls (Return of the Native)--Fever Tree

Singles entering the chart were Grazing in the Grass by Hugh Masakela (#25); Don't Take it So Hard by Paul Revere and the Raiders (#26); With Pen in Hand by Billy Vera (#27); (You Keep Me) Hangin' On by Joe Simon (#28); The Story of Rock and Roll by the Turtles (#29); and Tuesday Afternoon (Forever Afternoon) by the Moody Blues (#30).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Jumpin' Jack Flash--The Rolling Stones
2 D.W. Washburn--The Monkees
3 The Legend of Xanadu--Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick and Tich
4 Mony Mony--Tommy James and the Shondells
5 Mrs. Robinson--Simon and Garfunkel
6 Master Jack--Four Jacks and a Jill
7 Sky Pilot--Eric Burdon and the Animals
8 Yummy Yummy Yummy--Ohio Express
9 Lady Willpower--Gary Puckett and the Union Gap
10 MacArthur Park--Richard Harris
Pick hit of the week: Hurdy Gurdy Man--Donovan

Energy
The J. Percy Priest Dam in Tennessee was dedicated by U.S. President Lyndon Johnson.

Boxing
Carlos Teo Cruz (36-12-2) won the world lightweight title with a 15-round split decision over defending champion Carlos Ortiz (51-6-1) at Estadio Quisqueya in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.



World welterweight champion Curtis Cokes (52-9-3) scored a technical knockout of Willie Ludick (28-4) in the 3rd round of a non-title bout at Praça de Touros Monumental in Maputo, Mozambique. Mr. Cokes had retained his title with a 5-round TKO over Mr. Ludick on April 16.

40 years ago
1978


On television tonight
James at 16, starring Lance Kerwin, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Queen of the Silver Dollar

This was the 21st and last episode of the series.

Died on this date
Bob Crane, 49
. U.S. actor. Mr. Crane was a successful radio disc jockey before going into acting, where he achieved fame as the star of the television comedy series Hogan's Heroes (1965-1971). He indulged a sexually licentious lifestyle, that included videotaping his acts with various women. In the spring of 1978, Mr. Crane was in Scottsdale, Arizona, starring in the dinner theatre play Beginner's Luck. He was reportedly desiring to forsake his immoral lifestyle, and was having meetings with a local pastor. Two weeks before his 50th birthday, Mr. Crane was found in his apartment bludgeoned to death; his friend and video technician John Carpenter was tried and acquitted, and the murder remains officially unsolved.



Terrorism
Two Israelis were killed and 35 wounded when a bomb exploded in a market in Jerusalem. A Palestine Liberation Organization unit named after the recently-killed Ali Yasin claimed responsibility.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Hamilton (2-2) 11 @ Toronto (2-1) 16
Saskatchewan (0-3) 25 @ British Columbia (3-0) 30

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Only One Woman--Alien (6th week at #1)

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the index of leading economic indicators had declined 0.1% in May.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Winnipeg (1-0) 30 @ Ottawa (0-1) 25

25 years ago
1993


Television
The U.S.A.'s four major commercial networks agreed to post warnings on violent content in programs in a move to avert a federally-imposed ratings system.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Hamilton (2-0) 39 @ Toronto (0-2) 25 (OT)

20 years ago
1998


Died on this date
Horst Jankowski, 62
. German musician. Mr. Jankowski was a jazz and easy listening pianist and composer who was best known for his single Eine Schwarzwaldfahrt (A Walk in the Black Forest), a major international hit in 1965. He died of lung cancer.

Wednesday, 27 June 2018

June 28, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, James Remnant!

920 years ago
1098


War
Fighters of the First Crusade led by Bohemond defeated Kerbogha of Mosul in what is now Iraq.

775 years ago
1243


Born on this date
Go-Fukakusa
. Emperor of Japan, 1246-1260. Go-Fukakusa, born Hisahito, acceded to the throne upon the abdication of his father Emperor Go-Saga. Emperor Go-Fukakusa was persuaded to abdicate while still a teenager in favour of his brother Kameyama. Emperor Go-Fukakusa died on August 17, 1304 at the age of 61.

240 years ago
1778


War
The American Continental Army engaged British forces in the Battle of Monmouth Courthouse in New Jersey, resulting in a standstill and British withdrawal under cover of darkness.

180 years ago
1838


Britannica
Queen Victoria was crowned at Westminster Abbey in London.

Politics and government
Canadian Governor General Lord Durham banished eight Patriote leaders to Bermuda without trial, including Dr. Wolfred Nelson. He proclaimed an amnesty for 107 jailed rebels (released on bail of $5,000-20,000), but not for the 16 Patriotes still in the United States (including George-Etienne Cartier), and the ten accused of the murder of George Weir.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
William Whitelaw, 1st Viscount Whitelaw
. U.K. politician. Mr. Whitelaw, a Conservative, represented Penrith and The Border in the House of Commons from 1955-1983. He held various cabinet posts, including Home Secretary (1979-1983). He was elevated to the House of Lords in 1983, and was Leader of the House of Lords until a stroke prompted his retirement in January 1988. Viscount Whitelaw died on July 1, 1999, three days after his 81st birthday.

90 years ago
1928


Died on this date
Alfred Fronval
. French aviator. Mr. Fronval, who held the world's record for looping the loop, burned to death when his aircraft struck a parked military aircraft while landing during the Vincennes Fair in Vincennes.

Aviation
Captain Frank Horton flew a monoplane from Lisbon to Horta in the Azores, 1,000 miles in 11 hours.

Politics and government
The U.S. Democratic National Convention continued at Sam Houston Hall in Houston, with New York Governor Al Smith being elected on the first ballot as the party's 1928 U.S. presidential nominee.

75 years ago
1943


War
Paris radio claimed that 96 German divisions--about 1.7 million troops--were ready to meet an invasion of the continent. Japanese troops in China moved from Nanking, Hankow, and Siyang to the central Yangtze front.

Defense
Sperry Corporation announced that its new automatic computing sight, which could aim and fire 50-calibre machine guns automatically, had been installed on U.S. Flying Fortresses.

Crime
Three Brazilians and 10 people now in Germany were sentenced in Rio de Janeiro to 20-30-year prison terms for giving shipping information to the German government before Brazil's entry into World War II.

Politics and government
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt named Judge Marvin Jones to replace Chester Davis as war food administrator.

Horse racing
Calumet Stables retired Whirlaway, the five-year-old who had won 32 races, including the 1941 Triple Crown, and a record $561,161.

70 years ago
1948


On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis, on MBS

War
United Nations mediator Folke Bernadotte submitted a proposal for a permanent Palestine settlement to the Arab League and Israel, calling for a union of Arab Palestine with Transjordan; free Jewish immigration for a trial period of two years; and territorial readjustments (the Negev Desert going to the Arabs and the western Gallilee to the Jews).

Politics and government
The Tito–Stalin Split resulted in the expulsion of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia from the Cominform.

Peruvian President Jose Luis Bustamante imposed emergency rule by decree to avert an "acute national crisis" caused by the "dangerous" growth of political tension and unrest within the armed forces.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Harry Truman signed the $6.03-billion foreign aid bill, providing funds for the Marshall Plan; U.S. aid to Greece, Turkey, and China; and U.S. participation in the International Children's Fund and the International Relief Organization.

Labour
King George VI proclaimed a state of emergency and authorized soldiers to move cargoes immobilized on London's docks by a 15-day wildcat strike of 19,000 London longshoremen.

Disasters
A series of earthquakes followed by fires destroyed most of the Japanese industrial city of Fukui and surrounding towns on Honshu, killing over 3,200 residents.

Boxing
Sugar Ray Robinson (87-1-1) retained his world welterweight title with a 15-round unanimous decision over Bernard Docusen (49-3-4) at Comiskey Park in Chicago.



Dick Turpin (73-13-5) won a 15-round decision over Vince Hawkins (73-6-1) before 40,000 fans at Villa Park in Birmingham, England to win the British and British Empire middleweight titles, becoming the first Negro British champion in the modern era.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Twilight Time--The Platters

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): March from the River Kwai and Colonel Bogey--Mitch Miller and his Orchestra (12th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Hello, le soleil brille--Annie Cordy (16th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): All I Have to Do is Dream/Claudette--The Everly Brothers

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Purple People Eater--Sheb Wooley (3rd week at #1)
2 All I Have to Do is Dream--The Everly Brothers
3 Yakety-Yak--The Coasters
4 Secretly--Jimmie Rodgers
5 Do You Want to Dance--Bobby Freeman
6 Jennie Lee--Jan & Arnie
7 Return to Me--Dean Martin
8 Big Man--The Four Preps
9 Witch Doctor--David Seville
10 Endless Sleep--Jody Reynolds

Singles entering the chart were Hard Headed Woman by Elvis Presley (#34); Baubles, Bangles and Beads by the Kirby Stone Four (#43); Angel Baby by Dean Martin (#57); and Little Serenade by the Ames Brothers (#67). Hard Headed Woman was from the movie King Creole (1958).

War
Cuban guerrillas captured 29 U.S. servicemen returning by bus to the Guantanamo Bay Navy base.

Politics and government
France ordered the release of 30 Algerian political prisoners in order to win Muslim support for French plans for the colony's future. The French cabinet also approved decrees limiting the powers of General Raoul Salan's military administration, and named Algerian Secretary General Rene Brouillet as central coordinator for the execution of Prime Minister Charles de Gaulle's Algerian policies.

The Connecticut Democratic convention renominated Governor Abraham Ribicoff and nominated former U.S. Representative Thomas Dodd for the Senate.

Golf
Mickey Wright, 23, became the first player to win the top two prizes in women's golf in the same season, defeating Louise Suggs in the United States Open at Pontiac, Michigan, three weeks after beating Fay Crocker in the LPGA championship at Penn Hills, Pennsylvania. First prize money was $1,800.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Lazy Sunday--Small Faces

Edmonton’s top 10 (CJCA)
1 Sky Pilot (Parts One and Two)--Eric Burdon and the Animals
2 Lady Willpower--Gary Puckett and the Union Gap
3 Yummy Yummy Yummy--Ohio Express
4 Angel of the Morning--Merrilee Rush
5 Sleepy Joe--Herman's Hermits
6 Tip-Toe Thru' the Tulips with Me--Tiny Tim
7 Jumpin' Jack Flash--The Rolling Stones
8 I Love You--People
9 D.W. Washburn--The Monkees
10 Bring a Little Lovin'--Los Bravos
Pick hit of the Week: Tell Someone You Love Them--Dino, Desi and Billy
New this week: Just a Little Bit--Blue Cheer
Everybody's Talkin'--Nilsson
Girl from the North Country--Tom Northcott
Hello, I Love You--The Doors

Disasters
4 people were killed and at least 20 injured in the flaming collision of a Greyhound bus and a passenger car 13 miles south of Eugene, Oregon.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Clifford Dupont, 72
. 1st President of Rhodesia, 1970-1975. Mr. Dupont, a member of the Dominion Party and then the Rhodesian Front, was a British Royal Artillery officer who moved to Rhodesia in the early 1950s. He was Deputy Prime Minister to Ian Smith from 1964-1965, and following Rhodesia's unilateral declaration of independence, served as Officer Administrating the Government from 1965-1970 and then as President. Mr. Dupont died while undergoing radium treatment for what was believed to be cancer, after several years of declining health.

Diplomacy
U.S. businessman F. Jay Crawford, a representative of International Harvester, was released in the custody of U.S. Ambassador to the U.S.S.R. Malcolm Toon, 16 days after Mr. Crawford had been arrested in Moscow on charges of having exchanged 20,000 rubles (U.S.$29,000 at the official rate of exchange) for dollars on the black market. Mr. Crawford's release was apparently in exchange for the June 26 release by the United States of two accused Soviet spies, on $2 million bail each, into the custody of U.S.S.R. Ambassador to the U.S.A. Anatoly Dobrynin.

Law
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled 5-4 in Regents of the Univ. of Cal. v. Bakke to bar quota systems in college admissions, but declared that affirmative action programs giving advantage to minorities were constitutional.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Montreal (2-1) 25 @ Ottawa (1-2) 4
Winnipeg (2-1) 25 @ Calgary (1-2) 10

30 years ago
1988


Politics and government
In a keynote address on the opening day of the 19th All-Union Conference of the Soviet Communist Party--and the first such conference since 1941--Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev proposed to create a central government headed by a strong president who would be chosen by a 2,250-member Congress of People's Deputies, representative of the Soviet people. He called for a limit of two five-year terms for party leaders; multi-candidate elections; a commission to combat corruption; a review of the Soviet constitution; more authority for local legislatures over local matters; and a ban on interference in the management of economic affairs by party organizations. Mr. Gorbachev supported freedom of conscience in religion, and he condemned the "cult of personality" under Josef Stalin and the "period of stagnation" under Leonid Brezhnev. He also warned that the government's budget deficit was growing.

The legislatures of British Columbia and Ontario ratified the Meech Lake constitutional accord.

Crime
U.S. attorney Rudolph Giuliani filed a suit in New York under the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations law on behalf of the U.S. Justice Department, asking a federal court to remove the leaders of the Teamsters Union and appoint a trustee to run it. Mr. Giuliani said that his goal was "to take back the Teamsters from the Mafia," and said that organized crime had deprived union members of their rights through 20 murders as well as through shootings, bombings, beatings, extortion, and theft. Mr. Giuliani noted that four of the last five teamsters presidents had been indicted while in office and three had been imprisoned.

Law
The Canadian Parliament passed a law banning tobacco advertising, with some exceptions.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Calgary (1-0) 39 @ British Columbia (0-1) 27

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Mr. Vain--Culture Beat (2nd week at #1)

War
The United States launched missiles against an Iraqi intelligence centre in Baghdad in reprisal for an attempt to assassinate former U.S. President George Bush during a visit to Kuwait in April.

10 years ago
2008


Died on this date
Sam Carrigan, 86
. U.S. baseball umpire. Mr. Carrigan worked 627 games in the American League from 1961-1964.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (0-1) 13 @ Saskatchewan (1-0) 34

The defending Grey Cup champion Roughriders, with the wind at their backs in the 4th quarter, outscored the Eskimos 18-0 before 28,800 fans at Mosaic Stadium in Regina to win their first game under head coach Ken Miller. Saskatchewan quarterback Marcus Crandell completed a 33-yard touchdown pass to D.J. Flick in the 1st quarter and a 73-yard TD pass to Adarius Bowman midway through the 4th quarter, and Wes Cates rushed 12 yards for a touchdown with 2:04 remaining in the game. The Eskimos failed to score a touchdown; Noel Prefontaine, in his first game in an Edmonton uniform, kicked 4 field goals and a single, with his longest FG coming from 54 yards late in the 3rd quarter.

Baseball
Jered Weaver didn't allow a hit in 6 innings and Jose Arredondo followed with 2 hitless innings, but the Anaheim Angels still lost 1-0 to the Los Angeles Dodgers before 55,784 fans at Dodger Stadium. Matt Kemp led off the bottom of the 5th inning by reaching first base on an error by Mr. Weaver; he then stole second base, went to third on a throwing error by catcher Jeff Mathis, and scored on a sacrifice fly by Blake DeWitt. Chad Billingsley allowed 3 hits in 7 innings to get the win.

Jason Bay hit a solo home run with 2 out in the bottom of the 13th inning to give the Pittsburgh Pirates a 4-3 win over the Tampa Bay Rays before 17,970 fans at PNC Park in Pittsburgh.

The Houston Astros scored 2 runs in the 7th inning and 3 in the 8th to overcome a 9-6 deficit as they defeated the Boston Red Sox 11-10 before 43,073 fans at Minute Maid Park in Houston.

Tim Lincecum allowed 5 hits in 7 innings to improve his 2008 record to 9-1 as the San Francisco Giants edged the Oakland Athletics 1-0 before 36,067 fans a McAfee Coliseum in Oakland. Oakland starting pitcher Justin Duchscherer allowed just 2 hits and 1 earned run in 8 innings, but took the loss. Fred Lewis led off the 4th inning with a single, advanced to third base on a double by Ray Durham, and scored when Randy Winn reached first on an error by Oakland first baseman Daric Barton.

Miguel Cabrera doubled home Placido Polanco and Ryan Raburn with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Detroit Tigers a 7-6 win over the Colorado Rockies before 42,729 fans at Comerica Park in Detroit. The Rockies had scored 4 runs in the top of the 9th to take a 6-5 lead. Mr. Raburn, who entered the game in the 3rd inning after starting right fielder Magglio Ordonez left with an oblique muscle injury, hit a grand slam in the 4th.

June 27, 2018

660 years ago
1358


Europeana
The Republic of Ragusa was founded.

275 years ago
1743


War
In Bavaria, King George II became the last British monarch to personally lead troops into battle, in the Battle of Dettingen in the War of the Austrian Succession.

180 years ago
1838


Born on this date
Paul Mauser
. German weapon designer. Mr. Mauser and his brother Wilhelm were among the world's most successful designers of rifles, beginning with the Mauser Model 1871. Paul Mauser died on May 29, 1914 at the age of 75.

125 years ago
1893


Economics and finance
The New York Stock Exchange crashed, beginning the Panic of 1893; 600 banks and 74 railroads were defunct by year's end.

120 years ago
1898


Adventure
The first solo circumnavigation of the globe was completed by Joshua Slocum from Briar Island, Nova Scotia.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Adolph Kiefer
. U.S. swimmer. Mr. Kiefer set numerous world records, and won the gold medal in the men's 100-metre backstroke event at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin. He was the last surviving gold medalist from those games, dying at the age of 98 on May 5, 2017.

90 years ago
1928


Protest
In Louvain,Belgium, several hundred people, most of them students, pulled down and broke to pieces the pillars of the inscriptionless balustrade of the new library which Msgr. Ladeuze, rector of the university, proposed to erect in place of the one designed by Whitney Warren, which bore the words: "Destroyed by German fury, rebuilt by American generosity." The balustrade was rebuilt, and the library, a gift from Americans, was dedicated on July 4.

Disasters
An excursion train returning to Newcastle, England from Scarborough collided with a freight locomotive at Darlington, killing 22 passengers--12 of them women--and injuring 47.

75 years ago
1943


War
U.S.S.R. Red Army troops repelled repeated German counterattacks on the Orel front and made advances, taking 50 more villages.

Education
A report to the National Education Association stated that two million American children aged 14-18 had left school for work.

Track and field
AAU Championships @ Elizabeth, New Jersey
Bill Watson won the decathlon with 5,994 points.

Baseball
A special Hall of Fame room was set up at Wrigley Field in Los Angeles to house the Pacific Coast League Hall of Fame, which had been founded by the Helms Athletic Foundation of Los Angeles in 1942.

70 years ago
1948


War
Indian forces began deploying around the Muslim-ruled state of Hyderabad in an effort to force the territory to unite with India.

Politics and government
The Czechoslovakian Social Democratic Party officially merged with the Communist Party.

Medicine
U.S. Army researchers reported that the new drug chloromycetin could cure typhoid fever within three days.

Track and field
AAU Championships @ Bloomfield, New Jersey
Bob Mathias won the decathlon.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): On the Street Where You Live--Vic Damone

On television tonight
Harbor Command, starring Wendell Corey
Tonight's episode: Sanctuary

World events
Sovbiet fighter planes forced down a U.S. transport plane with nine men aboard, 30 miles inside the U.S.S.R., near Erivan, capital of Soviet Armenia.

Diplomacy
The U.S.A. and Afghanistan signed a cultural exchange agreement in Washington.

Politics and government
The Indiana Republican convention nominated Governor Harold Handley for the U.S. Senate seat of the retiring William Jenner.

50 years ago
1968


War
The U.S. Command in Vietnam announced that the Marines were withdrawing from the military base at Khesanh in a tactical shift to cope with increased Communist strength and activity in the demilitarized zone.

Calgariana
Alberta Premier Ernest Manning opened the Husky Tower, taking a 63-second elevator ride to reach the top. It was renamed the Calgary Tower after Marathon Realty acquired it in 1970.

40 years ago
1978


Music
Roy Orbison performed at Centennial Concert Hall in Winnipeg.

Terrorism
Negro Communist guerrillas in Rhodesia shot to death two German missionaries, the 14th and 15th missionaries killed in Rhodesia in June.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): What a Wonderful World--Louis Armstrong (2nd week at #1)

Diplomacy
In Ottawa, Canadian External Affairs Minister Joe Clark met Soviet ambassador Alexei Rodionov to ease confrontation over the recent expulsion of 9 Soviet diplomats accused of spying, and barring 10 from returning to Canada. Mr. Clark called for a freeze on additional expulsions.

Disasters
At Gare de Lyon in Paris, a train collided with a stationary train, killing 56 people.

Boxing
Mike Tyson (35-0) knocked out Michael Spinks (31-1) at 1:31 of the 1st round of their bout for the unified (World Boxing Association, World Boxing Council, International Boxing Federation) world heavyweight title at Convention Hall in Atlantic City. The knockout was the fourth quickest in heavyweight championship history. It was the last fight for Mr. Spinks.



25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: (I Can't Help) Falling in Love with You--UB40 (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): What is Love?--Haddaway (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: What is Love?--Haddaway (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): What is Love?--Haddaway

20 years ago
1998


Died on this date
Gilles Rocheleau, 62
. Canadian politician. Mr. Rocheleau was a member of the city council of Hull, Quebec from 1967-1974 and Mayor from 1974-1981. As a Liberal, he represented Hull in the Quebec National Assembly from 1981-1988. Mr. Rocheleau represented Hull-Aylmer in the Canadian House of Commons from 1988-1993. He left the Liberal Party of Canada after the failure of the Meech Lake constitutional accord in 1990 and sat as an independent for several months before becoming one of the founding MPs of the Bloc Québécois in December 1990. Mr. Rocheleau was defeated in his bid for re-election in 1993.

10 years ago
2008


Abominations
Robert Mugabe was re-elected as President of Zimbabwe with an overwhelming majority after his opponent Morgan Tsvangirai had withdrawn a week earlier, citing violence against his party's supporters.

Scandal
The Federal Court of Canada quashed the Gomery inquiry conclusions that former Prime Minister Jean Chrétien and his top aide bore responsibility for the sponsorship scandal.

Football
CFL
Toronto (1-0) 23 @ Winnipeg (0-1) 16

Monday, 25 June 2018

June 26, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Beth Stover and Olga!

775 years ago
1243


War
Mongols defeated the Seljuk Turks at the Battle of Köse Dağ.

220 years ago
1798


Died on this date
James Dickey, 22
. Irish rebel. Mr. Dickey was a barrister who took part in the rebellion against British rule in 1798. He was captured and hanged in Belfast.

175 years ago
1843


Britannica
The Treaty of Nanking went into effect, as Hong Kong Island was ceded to the United Kingdom "in perpetuity."

170 years ago
1848


Protest
French authorities suppressed the June Days uprising in Paris, in which workers rioted in response to plans to close the National Workshops.

140 years ago
1878


Died on this date
Mercedes of Orléans, 18
. Queen consort of Spain, 1878. Mercedes married King Alfonso XII on January 23, 1878. She soon fell ill with typhoid fever, and died two days after her 18th birthday.

100 years ago
1918


War
The 26-day Battle of Belleau Wood near the Marne River in France ended with American forces under General John J. Pershing and Brigadier General James Harbord defeated Imperial German forces under Crown Prince Wilhelm, finally clearing the forest of German troops.

90 years ago
1928


Died on this date
Tim Murphy
. U.S. gangster. "Big Tim" controlled several major railroad, laundry and dye workers' unions during the 1910s and early 1920s. He served time in prison for the robbery of a Pullman mail train in Chicago in 1920. Mr. Murphy was shot to death as he answered the front door of his home; the murder was never solved.

Nitrophan Poplavsky. U.S. clergyman. Rev. Poplavsky, who was from Ansonia, Connecticut, committed suicide by leaping in to Niagara Falls.

World events
Former Hungarian dictator Bela Kun was convicted in Vienna of conspiracy against the state and was sentenced to three months in prison.

Politics and government
The U.S. Democratic National Convention opened at Sam Houston Hall in Houston.

Crime
A prisoner at the reformatory farm in Elmira, New York wounded a guard, and was shot to death, while another prisoner was wounded.

80 years ago
1938


Died on this date
Daria Pratt, 79
. U.S. golfer. Miss Pratt won a bronze medal in the women's golf event at the 1900 Summer Olympic Games in Paris. She married Prince Alexis Karageorgevich, a claimant to the throne of Serbia, in 1913.

James Weldon Johnson, 67. U.S. writer and civil rights activist. Mr. Johnson was a major figure in the "Harlem Renaissance"-- a novelist, poet, songwriter, lawyer, and diplomat. He was involved with the National Assocation for the Advancement of Colored People from 1916 through the 1930s, and died nine days after his 67th birthday.

75 years ago
1943


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Taking a Chance on Love--Benny Goodman and His Orchestra with Helen Forrest (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Karl Landsteiner, 75
. Austro-Hungarian born U.S. biologist and physician. Dr. Landsteiner won the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1930 "for his discovery of human blood groups." He also helped to discover the polio virus.

War
Three squadrons of the Royal Canadian Air Force bomber wing began operating from Tunisia. U.K. Royal Air Force bombers attacked the Ruhr coal and steel centres of Bochum and Gelsenkirchen.

Politics and government
King Peter II announced in London that Miles Trifunovich would head the new cabinet of the Yugoslavian government-in-exile.

Labour
About 210,000 coal miners, most of them in Pennsylvania, remained on strike.

Tennis
NCAA championship
Francisco "Pancho" Segura of the University of Miami defeated Tom Brown, Jr. of the University of California in the men's singles final.

70 years ago
1948


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard) (Best Seller): Nature Boy--King Cole (7th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Nature Boy--King Cole (4th week at #1)
--Dick Haymes with the Song Spinners
--Frank Sinatra
--The Sportsmen
2 You Can't Be True, Dear--Ken Griffin
--Dick Haymes with the Song Spinners
--The Sportsmen
--Vera Lynn
--The Marlin Sisters with Eddie Fisher
3 Little White Lies--Dick Haymes
--Dinah Shore
4 Toolie Oolie Doolie (The Yodel Polka)--The Andrews Sisters
--The Sportsmen
--Vaughn Horton and the Polka Debs
5 Woody Wood-Pecker--Kay Kyser and his Orchestra
6 My Happiness--Jon and Sondra Steele
--The Pied Pipers
--Ella Fitzgerald
7 St. Louis Blues March--Tex Beneke and his Orchestra
8 Because--Perry Como
9 The Dickey-Bird Song--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
6 Haunted Heart--Perry Como
--Jo Stafford

Singles entering the chart were Tea Leaves, with versions by Jack Smith and the Clark Sisters; and the Emile Cote Serenaders (#24); The Maharajah of Magador by Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra (#26); Caramba! It's the Samba by Peggy Lee (#32); and Blue Bird of Happiness by Art Mooney and his Orchestra (#34).

Literature
Shirley Jackson's short story The Lottery was published in The New Yorker.

World events
U.S. authorities doubled daily cargo flights to Berlin in an effort to keep the city's western sectors supplied despite the Soviet blockade.

Politics and government
The Iraqi cabinet was shuffled, with Muzahim al Pachachi as Prime Minister and Foreign Minister.

Protest
U.S. Negro civil rights leader A. Philip Randolph called for a nationwide campaign of resistance to the new draft law until racial segregation was eliminated in the armed forces.

Society
The American Medical Association ended a seven-day meeting in Chicago after rejecting a proposal of the New York State delegation to bar racial discrimination in accepting members.

Technology
William Shockley filed the original patent for the grown-junction transistor, the first bipolar junction transistor.

Economics and finance
Western allies fixed the value of the new Deutsche Mark at 10 old Reichsmarks, leaving the currency's foreign exchange rate to float.

60 years ago
1958


At the movies
Indiscreet, produced and directed by Stanley Donen, and starring Cary Grant and Ingrid Bergman, opened in theatres.

Died on this date
George Orton, 85
. Canadian-born U.S. runner. Dr. Orton, a native of Strathroy, Ontario, was a graduate student in languages at the University of Pennsylvania, and became the first Canadian to win a medal in the Olympic Games, winning the gold medal in the men's 2,500-metre steeplechase and a bronze medal in the 400-metre hurdles in Paris in 1900 while competing for the United States, as Canada did not send a team. He became a professor and coach at the U of P, and wrote many books and articles on running. Dr. Orton was inducted into Canada's Sports Hall of Fame in 1977.

Space
The U.S. Navy failed to place the satellite Vanguard SLV-2 into orbit, when the rocket's second stage lost thrust after only 8 seconds of burning, due to fuel line obstruction.

War
Indonesian Army headquarters in Jakarta announced that government troops had taken the last rebel stronghold in Indonesia.

Terrorism
200 Cuban rebels, reportedly led by Raul Castro, invaded the town of Moa in eastern Cuba, kidnapping 12 engineer employees of a U.S.-owned mining firm and seizing trucks, food, and medical supplies.

Scandal
John Fox, lawyer and publisher of the defunct Boston Post, testified before the U.S. House of Representatives Special Committee on Legislative Oversight that industrialist Bernard Goldfine had bestowed lavish favours on presidential aide Sherman Adams.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Jumpin' Jack Flash--The Rolling Stones (2nd week at #1)

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 The Unicorn--The Irish Rovers (3rd week at #1)
2 Honey--Bobby Goldsboro
3 The Good, the Bad and the Ugly--Hugo Montenegro, his Orchestra and Chorus
4 This Guy's in Love with You--Herb Alpert
5 Lazy Sunday--Small Faces
6 A Man Without Love (Quando M'innamoro)--Engelbert Humperdinck
7 If I were a Carpenter--Four Tops
8 The Son of Hickory Holler's Tramp--O.C. Smith
9 Mrs. Robinson--Simon and Garfunkel
10 U.S. Male/Stay Away--Elvis Presley

Singles entering the chart were Angel of the Morning by Merrilee Rush (#19); Yummy Yummy Yummy by Ohio Express (#36); and Mony Mony by Tommy James and the Shondells (#37).

Japanica
The United States returned the Bonin Islands and Iwo Jima to Japan, per the agreement signed in Tokyo in April.

Diplomacy
George Ball replaced Arthur Goldberg as U.S. permanent representative at the United Nations.

Law
U.S. President Lyndon Johnson announced the resignation of Supreme Court Chief Justice Earl Warren, 77, who resigned "solely because of age" after 14 years in the position. President Johnson announced the nomination of Supreme Court Associate Justice Abe Fortas, 58, to succeed Chief Justice Warren, and Judge Homer Thornberry of the 5th Circuit Court of Appeals to succeed Justice Fortas. Chief Justice Warren's resignation was to take effect upon the appointment of his successor.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Jikan yo Tomare--Eikichi Yazawa (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Night Fever--Bee Gees (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Salim Rubai Ali, 43 (?)
. Chairman of the Presidential Council of South Yemen, 1969-1978. Mr. Rubai Ali led the left wing of the National Front for the Liberation of South Yemen (NF), which forced the British to withdraw from South Yemen in November 1967. He served as head of state until he was deposed by Prime Minister Ali Nasir Muhammad and executed after a short battle. Mr. Rubai Ali's execution took place two days after the assassination of Yemeni President Ahmad al-Ghashmi.

Personal
It was this blogger's last day in Yellowknife, and a beautiful and enjoyable day it was. Most of the afternoon was spent with a certain lovely young lady sitting in her back yard. There was nowhere else I would rather have been, and no one else I would rather have been with.

Diplomacy
Two accused Soviet spies were released in Washington on $2 million bail each, in the care of U.S.S.R. Ambassador to the United States Anatoly Dobrynin.

Terrorism
A bomb exploded at the 17th-century palace at Versailles, wrecking three of the 14 ground-floor rooms and causing $1 million in damage to the masonry alone. The Breton Republican Army, a branch of the Breton Liberation Front, claimed responsibility for the bombing.

Journalism
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled 4-3 that the press had no "constitutional right of access" to prisons beyond the rights of all citizens.

Disasters
Air Canada Flight 189, a DC-9 flying to Winnipeg from Toronto, overran the runway on takeoff and crashed into the Etobicoke Creek ravine, killing 2 of the 107 passengers on board.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Blue Monday ‘88--New Order

#1 single in Switzerland: Im Nin'Alu--Ofra Haza

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Informer--Snow (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: What is Love?--Haddaway (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Five Live (EP)--George Michael and Queen with Lisa Stansfield

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): Ain't Nothing to It--Def Dames Dope

#1 single in France (SNEP): Your Latest Trick--Dire Straits (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): (I Can't Help) Falling in Love With You--UB40

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Dreams--Gabrielle

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): That's the Way Love Goes--Janet Jackson (7th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 That's the Way Love Goes--Janet Jackson (6th week at #1)
2 Have I Told You Lately--Rod Stewart
3 Weak--SWV
4 Knockin' Da Boots--H-Town
5 Come Undone--Duran Duran
6 Freak Me--Silk
7 Show Me Love--Robin S
8 Bad Boys--Inner Circle
9 Dre Day--Dr. Dre
10 I'll Never Get Over You (Getting Over Me)--Exposé

Singles entering the chart were Run to You by Whitney Houston (#44); One Last Cry by Brian McKnight (#46); Girl U for Me by Silk (#77); Plush by Stone Temple Pilots (#81); Almost Unreal by Roxette (#88); and Dur Dur d'être Bébé! by Jordy (#92).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 That's the Way Love Goes--Janet Jackson (4th week at #1)
2 Come Undone--Duran Duran
3 Have I Told You Lately--Rod Stewart
4 Fields of Gold--Sting
5 I Don't Wanna Fight--Tina Turner
6 In These Arms--Bon Jovi
7 Hero--David Crosby and Phil Collins
8 Can't Do a Thing (To Stop Me)--Chris Isaak
9 Love Don't Live Here Anymore--Sven Gali
10 Regret--New Order

Singles entering the chart were Runaway Train by Soul Asylum (#55); Eat the Rich by Aerosmith (#65); The Return of Pan by the Waterboys (#78); Calling My Personal Angel by Paul Janz (#81); You've Got to Know by the Boomers (#85); Sonny Say You Will by Alannah Myles (#86); Dark is the Night by A-Ha (#89); and Special Kind of Love by Dina Carroll (#92).

Died on this date
Roy Campanella, 71
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Campanella was a catcher who played in the Negro National League from 1937-1945 and in the Mexican League in 1942-1943. Signed by the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1946, he played for the Dodgers from 1948-1957, batting .276 with 242 home runs and 856 runs batted in in 1,215 games. Mr. Campanella was the National League's Most Valuable Player in 1951, 1953, and 1955. The Dodgers won 5 NL pennants during the time that Mr. Campanella was with them, and won the World Series in 1955. Mr. Campanella was paralyzed from the shoulders down in a car accident in January 1958, but he remained with the Dodgers (who moved to Los Angeles in 1958) in several capacities. Mr. Campanella was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1969 and the Mexican Professional Baseball Hall of Fame in 1971.

Football
The Canadian Football Hall of Fame added builder Sam Berger and players Peter Dalla Riva, Herman Harrison, and Whit Tucker.

CFL
Pre-season
British Columbia (0-1) 20 @ Sacramento (2-0) 39

The Gold Miners' win over the Lions at Hornet Field was the first Canadian Football League game ever played in Sacramento.

10 years ago
2008


Terrorism
A suicide bomber in Al-Karmah Iraq, dressed as an Iraqi policeman, detonated an explosive vest, killing 25 people.

Law
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled 5-4 to affirm an individual right to gun ownership, striking down a handgun ban in the District of Columbia.

Football
CFL
Montreal (1-0) 33 @ Hamilton (0-1) 10
British Columbia (0-1) 18 @ Calgary (1-0) 28

June 25, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Gail McGonigal!

800 years ago
1218


Died on this date
Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester, 43 (?)
. French nobleman. Mr. de Montfort took part in the Fourth Crusade (1202-1204) and was a leader of the Albigensian Crusade (1209). He led a siege of Toulouse for nine months until he was killed by a stone fired from a catapult.

760 years ago
1258


War
In the Battle of Acre, the Venetians defeated a larger Genoese fleet sailing to relieve Acre.

360 years ago
1658


War
Spanish forces failed to retake Jamaica from British forces in the Battle of Rio Nuevo.

340 years ago
1678


Academia
Elena Cornaro Piscopia of Venice became the first woman to be awarded a doctorate of philosophy when she graduated from the University of Padua.

260 years ago
1758


War
British forces commanded by General James Wolfe finally silenced Louisbourg, Nova Scotia's Island battery after six days of bombardment; all external batteries were now secure.

230 years ago
1788


Americana
Virginia entered the Union as the 10th state.

170 years ago
1848


Journalism
A photograph of the June Days uprising in Paris became the first known instance of photojournalism.

160 years ago
1858


Journalism
The Victoria Gazette and Anglo-American, British Columbia's first newspaper, published its first edition.

150 years ago
1868


Americana
Florida, Alabama, Louisiana, Georgia, North Carolina, and South Carolina were readmitted to the Union.

140 years ago
1878


Politics and government
George Walkem, who had served as Premier of British Columbia from 1874-1876, returned to power, replacing Andrew Elliott and forming his second government with a comfortable majority in the Legislative Assembly. He served until June 6, 1882.

130 years ago
1888


Politics and government
The U.S. Republican National Convention concluded at the Auditorium Building in Chicago. U.S. Senator Benjamin Harrison (Indiana) was elected on the eighth ballot as the party's 1888 U.S. presidential candidate. Former U.S. Representative and Minister to France Levi P. Morton was elected on the first ballot as the vice presidential nominee.

100 years ago
1918


Died on this date
Jake Beckley, 50
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Beckley was a first baseman with the Pittsburgh Alleghenys and Pirates (1888-1889, 1891-1896); Pittsburgh Burghers (1890); New York Giants (1896-1897); Cincinnati Reds (1897-1903); and St. Louis Cardinals (1904-1907), batting .308 with 87 home runs and 1,581 runs batted in in 2,392 games. He later coached and umpired in the minor leagues, and died of heart disease. Mr. Beckley was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1971.

90 years ago
1928


World events
The ship Jervis Bay arrived at Colombo, Ceylon, where eight mutinous stowaways were tried and jailed.

Disasters
Flood waters covered 250,000 acres of crops in the St. Francis, Black, and White Rivers in Missouri and Arkansas.

80 years ago
1938


Politics and government
Dr. Douglas Hyde was inaugurated as the first President of Ireland.

75 years ago
1943


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: Wisteria Lodge

Died on this date
Arthur Goldstein, 56
. German politician. Mr. Goldstein was a Social Democrat and then a Communist. He fled to Paris after the Nazis came to power in Germany in 1933, but was deported to the Auschwitz death camp on June 23, 1943, and was murdered in the gas chamber with 517 other Jews.

War
More than 100 U.S. Flying Fortresses, the largest formation of heavy bombers ever sent over a single target from North Africa, attacked Messina in eastern Sicily. Buenos Aires police closed volunteer organizations aiding the Allies.

Diplomacy
King George VI returned by plane to England, concluding a 14-day, 5,800-mile trip to Algiers, Oran, Tunis, Cap Bon, Tripoli, and Malta.

Defense
The French Committee of National Liberation established an eight-man commission to unify the Giraud-de Gaulle forces, and invalidated the acts of Vichy French courts against patriots.

Protest
Michigan Governor Harry Kelly said that his committee's investigation into the Detroit race riot indicated that there was no plot and that no grand jury investigation was necessary.

Religion
The Central Conference of American Rabbis, meeting in New York, adopted resolutions declaring that there was no essential incompatibility between Reform Judaism and Zionism, and urging an end to the fight over Zionism.

Labour
The United States Congress quickly overrode President Franklin D. Roosevelt's veto of the Connally-Smith anti-strike bill. Mr. Roosevelt said that he would not recognize the United Mine Workers of America policy committee's October 31, 1943 deadline for a wage agreement.

70 years ago
1948


War
Greek government forces took the guerrilla stronghold of Mount Boufos after a week-long battle.

United Nations mediator Folke Bernadotte charged Egyptian forces with violating the Palestine truce, and sanctioned Israeli defensive actions in the Negev desert.

World events
The Berlin Airlift began, to counter the Berlin Blockade.

Diplomacy
Golda Myerson, former head of the Jewish Agency's political department in Israel, was named as Israeli minister to the U.S.S.R. She was later better known as Golda Meir.

Boxing
Joe Louis (58-1) retained his world heavyweight title with an 11-round knockout of Jersey Joe Walcott (44-13-2) at Yankee Stadium in New York. Mr. Louis had won a hotly-disputed 15-round split decision over Mr. Walcott six months earlier, and was ahead on the card of referee Frank Fullam but behind on the cards of both judges after 10 rounds in this fight.



60 years ago
1958


Died on this date
Alfred Noyes, 77
. U.K. poet and author. Mr. Noyes was best known for his narrative poem The Highwayman (1906).

Space
The U.S. Air Force announced the names of the men selected to be astronauts in the Man in Space Soonest program: Neil Armstrong; Bill Bridgeman; Scott Crossfield; Iven Kincheloe; John B. McKay; Bob Rushworth; Joe Walker; Alvin White; and Bob White. The program was cancelled on August 1 and replaced by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Project Mercury.

War
King Norodom Suramarit of Cambodia charged that South Vietnamese troops had crossed the Cambodian frontier and occupied villages four miles inside Cambodian territory.

Lebanese Prime Minister Sami es-Solh requested armed United Nations intervention to help seal Lebanon's borders against the flow of arms and munitions to Muslim guerrilla forces from Syria. Lebanese President Camille Chamoun warned that if the UN failed to meet Mr. Solh's request, he would request Western military aid.

Journalism
The French government seized current issues of the leftist weeklies France Observateur and L'Express, the latter for publishing an article by an FLN military leader and for charging that an inner junta of paratroop colonels exercised control of the Algerian administration of Raoul Salan.

Horse racing
Promised Land, with Pete Anderson up, won the Massachusetts Handicap at Suffolk Downs.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): A Man Without Love (Quando M'innamoro)--Engelbert Humperdinck (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Dan Dugan, 61
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Dugan played 1 game with the Chicago White Sox in 1928 and 19 games with the White Sox in 1929, compiling a record of 1-4 with an earned run average of 6.61.

Grant Bowler, 60. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Bowler played 13 games with the Chicago White Sox in 1931 and 4 games with the White Sox in 1932, compiling a record of 0-1 with an earned run average of 6.91.

Tony Hancock, 44. U.K. comedian. Mr. Hancock was best known as the star of the radio (1954-1961) and television (1956-1961) comedy series Hancock's Half Hour. He was hugely popular in his heyday, but the severing of various professional relationships and increasingly heavy drinking led to his professional and personal downfall. He went to Australia in March 1968 to star in the 13-episode series Hancock Down Under, but completed only three episodes before he committed suicide with an overdose of pills.

Abominations
Pierre Elliott Trudeau, who had taken office as Prime Minister of Canada two months earlier, rode "Trudeaumania" in leading his Liberal Party to a majority in the House of Commons in the Canadian federal election. The Liberals won 154 of 264 seats, an increase from 128 at the dissolution of Parliament. The Progressive Conservatives dropped from 94 seats to 72, while the New Democratic Party, led by Tommy Douglas, remained at 22 seats. The Ralliement des créditistes, led by Réal Caouette, increased its total from 8 seats to 14, all in Quebec. Those elected for the first time included future New Democratic Party leader Ed Broadbent (Oshawa), Lincoln Alexander, and Len Marchand. Mr. Alexander, a Progressive Conservative from Hamilton, was the first Negro elected to the House of Commons, while Mr. Marchand, from Kamloops, British Columbia, was the first status Indian to be elected.

Politics and government
Giovanni Leone took office as Prime Minister of Italy, succeeding Aldo Moro.

Boxing
Al Jones (24-1-1) won a 10-round unanimous decision over Matt Blow (6-4) in a heavyweight bout at Miami Beach Auditorium.

Cleveland Williams (70-6-1) knocked out Les Borden (15-15-2) at 2:22 of the 1st round of a heavyweight bout at Sam Houston Coliseum in Houston.

Baseball
Bobby Bonds hit a grand slam in the 6th inning of his first major league game and Ray Sadecki pitched a 2-hitter and struck out 10 batters as the San Francisco Giants routed the Los Angeles Dodgers 9-0 before 17,075 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco.

Tom Seaver pitched a 5-hitter and Cleon Jones hit a solo home run in the 6th inning to break a 0-0 tie as the New York Mets shut out the Cincinnati Reds 4-0 before 6,772 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati.

Wally Bunker pitched a 5-hitter for his first win of the season and scored the winning run as the Baltimore Orioles shut out the Boston Red Sox 6-0 before 25,610 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Mr. Bunker drew a base on balls to lead off the bottom of the 3rd inning and scored on Frank Robinson's 2-run home run. Mr. Robinson also singled and doubled, finishing the game with 2 runs and 3 runs batted in.

The Detroit Tigers scored 6 runs in the 7th inning to overcome a 6-1 deficit and defeat the New York Yankees 8-5 before 17,117 fans at Yankee Stadium.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (3rd week at #1)

War
Ethiopian jets concluded several days of bombing Somali border towns.

Abominations
The rainbow flag representing sodomite/lesbian pride was flown for the first time, during the San Francisco Gay Freedom Day Parade.

Soccer
FIFA World Cup
Final @ Estadio Monumental, Buenos Aires
Argentina 3 Netherlands 1 (ET)

Mario Kempes scored his second goal of the game, in the 15th minute of extra time, and Daniel Bertoni scored 10 minutes later to give Argentina its first World Cup championship. The winning goal appeared to be an own goal, but Mr. Kempes was given credit.



Golf
Bruce Lietzke won the Canadian Open at Glen Abbey Golf Course in Oakville, Ontario with a 1-under-par total score of 283, 1 stroke ahead of Pat McGowan. First prize money was $50,000.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Gimme Five--Jovanotti (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Theme From S'Express--S'Express

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Nothing's Gonna Change My Love for You--Glenn Medeiros (5th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): N'importe quoi--Florent Pagny (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): The Boys in Green--Republic of Ireland Soccer Squad (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): I Owe You Nothing--Bros

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Foolish Beat--Debbie Gibson

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Foolish Beat--Debbie Gibson
2 Together Forever--Rick Astley
3 Dirty Diana--Michael Jackson
4 Make it Real--The Jets
5 One More Try--George Michael
6 The Valley Road--Bruce Hornsby and the Range
7 The Flame--Cheap Trick
8 Circle in the Sand--Belinda Carlisle
9 Alphabet St.--Prince
10 Mercedes Boy--Pebbles

Singles entering the chart were I Hate Myself for Loving You by Joan Jett & the Blackhearts (#81); Boom! There She Was by Scritti Politti featuring Roger (#82); Here with Me by REO Speedwagon (#84); Joy by Teddy Pendergrass (#86); Knocked Out by Paula Abdul (#87); Please Don't Go Girl by New Kids on the Block (#88); and Sweet Child o' Mine by Guns 'N' Roses (#89). If I'm not mistaken, the last three new entries marked the first chart entries for all three artists.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Together Forever--Rick Astley
2 Beds are Burning--Midnight Oil
3 One More Try--George Michael
4 Pink Cadillac--Natalie Cole
5 The Valley Road--Bruce Hornsby and the Range
6 Everything Your Heart Desires--Daryl Hall John Oates
7 Circle in the Sand--Belinda Carlisle
8 Dirty Diana--Michael Jackson
9 Foolish Beat--Debbie Gibson
10 Breakaway--Big Pig

Singles entering the chart were Sign Your Name by Terence Trent D'Arby (#72); Fast Car by Tracy Chapman (#77); Something to Live For by Barney Bentall and the Legendary Hearts (#81); Time and Place by Andrew Cash (#87); Hands to Heaven by Breathe (#89); Go Ahead 'N' Love Me by the Jitters (#93); and Love Changes (Everything) by Climie Fisher (#96).

Died on this date
Jimmy Soul, 45
. U.S. singer. Mr. Soul, born James McCleese, was known for his single If You Wanna Be Happy, which reached #1 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart for the last two weeks of May 1963. He died of a heart attack.

War
Iraq recaptured its Majnoon oil fields north of Basra from Iran.

Canadian Armand Roy was named by the United Nations to head a multinational peacekeeping force in Western Sahara ; 700 Canadian infantry were to monitor a cease-fire in Morocco.

25 years ago
1993


On television tonight
After 11 years, Late Night with David Letterman broadcast its last program on NBC, as Mr. Letterman was preparing to begin a similar show on CBS. Larry "Bud" Melman was among the guests.

Politics and government
Governor General Ray Hnatyshyn administered the oaths as Kim Campbell was sworn in as Canada's 19th Prime Minister, with a 24-member cabinet. Canada's first female Prime Minister named Jean Charest, her chief rival in the recent contest for the leadership of the federal Progressive Conservative Party, as Deputy Prime Minister.

Law
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled 5-4 that employees alleging discrimination on the part of employers must prove that discrimination was the real reason for the employer's action.

Philip Murray was appointed Commissioner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police; he served until September 1, 2000.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Ottawa (1-1) 15 @ Hamilton (1-0) 19
Winnipeg (1-1) 40 @ Saskatchewan (0-2) 17
Calgary (2-0) 22 @ Edmonton (0-1) 8

The Eskimos' loss to the Stampeders at Commonwealth Stadium was the only appearance for John Cutler in an Edmonton uniform. Like his father Dave, whose Hall of Fame career as an Eskimo lasted from 1969-1984, John was a kicker who wore #26 and used a straight-on kicking style. Edmonton defensive back David Shelton, who had missed the entire 1992 season after breaking a leg in the second pre-season game, broke the same leg again, ending his career.

20 years ago
1998


Law
In Clinton v. City of New York, the United States Supreme Court decided that the Line Item Veto Act of 1996 was unconstitutional.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Winnipeg (1-1) 18 @ Montreal (1-1) 44
Calgary (2-0) 26 @ Edmonton (1-1) 23
Saskatchewan (0-2) 18 @ British Columbia (1-1) 24

Baseball
Sammy Sosa set a major league record for home runs in a calendar month, hitting his 19th homer of June 1998 and his 32nd of the season in a 6-4 loss to the Detroit Tigers before 30,688 fans at Tiger Stadium. Matt Anderson made his major league debut with the Tigers, coming into the game with runners on second and third bases and none out in the top of the 7th inning and Detroit leading 3-2. Mr. Anderson allowed a sacrifice fly to drive in the tying run and then a single, but retired the last 2 batters with no further scoring; he then left the game, but became the winning pitcher when the Tigers scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 7th.

Mike Stanley's home run with 2 out in the top of the 4th inning provided all the scoring as the Toronto Blue Jays edged the Montreal Expos 1-0 before 9,256 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal. As is so often the case, Mr. Stanley's homer followed a runner caught stealing, as Jose Canseco had been thrown out at second base after singling. Woody Williams pitched a 5-hit shutout to win the pitchers' duel over Carlos Perez, who also pitched a 5-hit complete game.

The Boston Red Sox scored 2 runs in the top of the 9th inning and withstood a 4-run rally in the bottom of the 9th to defeat the Philadelphia Phillies 7-5 before 28,263 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia. The Phillies had the potential tying run at bat with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th, but Bobby Abreu struck out and was thrown out at first base to end the game. Darrin Winston, the third Philadelphia pitcher, pitched the last 2 innings, allowing 3 hits and 2 runs--both earned--and making a wild pitch in the 34th and last game of his 2-year major league career.

Vinny Castilla led off the bottom of the 12th inning with a bunt single and Kurt Abbott followed with a double to drive him home with the winning run as the Colorado Rockies beat the Houston Astros 6-5 before 48,046 fans at Coors Field in Denver. Mike Saipe started on the mound for the Rockies, allowing 9 hits and 3 runs--all earned--in 6 innings, striking out 1 batter, walking none, and hitting 2 in his major league debut.