Friday, 31 May 2019

May 28, 2019

170 years ago
1849


Died on this date
Anne Brontë, 29
. U.K. authoress and poetess. Miss Brontë, the younger sister of authoresses Charlotte and Emily Brontë, was known for her novels Agnes Grey (1847) and The Tenant of Wildfell Hall (1848). Anne Brontë died of what is now suspected to have been pulmonary tuberculosis.

110 years ago
1909


Born on this date
Red Horner
. Canadian hockey player. George Reginald Horner was a defenceman with the Toronto Maple Leafs from 1928-1940, and was the team's captain in his last two seasons. He scored 42 goals and 110 assists in 490 regular season NHL games and 7 goals and 17 assists in 71 playoff games. His 1,264 minutes in penalties was the NHL career record at the time of Mr. Horner's retirement. Mr. Horner was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1965; he was the last surviving member of the Maple Leafs' 1932 Stanley Cup championship team, and died on April 27, 2005 at the age of 95.

80 years ago
1939


Baseball
George Selkirk hit 2 home runs off relief pitcher Robert Joyce as the New York Yankees defeated the Philadelphia Athletics 9-5 before 14,670 fans at Yankee Stadium. Mr. Selkirk had also hit 2 home runs against Mr. Joyce the previous day, so he had 4 home runs in as many at bats against the same pitcher in 2 games. Atley Donald pitched a 10-hit complete game vctory, improving his 1939 record to 4-0.

Cookie Lavagetto hit a 2-run home run and a grand slam, driving in 7 runs to help the Brooklyn Dodgers beat the Boston Bees 16-12 before 16,921 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. Boston third baseman Debs Garms hit a single, double, and triple with a run and 4 runs batted in. The teams combined for 28 hits and 13 bases on balls, but the game took only 1 hour 50 minutes to complete.

75 years ago
1944


War
British troops took Aprilia and Carreceto as pressure on the German line at Rome increased. Japanese troops in China began a drive down the Hankow rail route in northern Hunan Province from the area of Yochow.

Defense
The U.S. Army revealed plans to curtail air defense installations in the United States in order to obtain personnel and equipment for service overseas.

70 years ago
1949


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): (I'd Like to Get You on a) Slow Boat to China--Kay Kyser and his Orchestra

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard) (Best Seller): Riders in the Sky (A Cowboy Legend)--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra (3rd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Forever and Ever--Russ Morgan and his Orchestra (4th week at #1)
--Perry Como
2 Again--Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra
--Mel Torme
--Vic Damone
--Doris Day and the Mellomen
3 "A" You're Adorable (The Alphabet Song)--Perry Como with the Fontane Sisters
--Jo Stafford and Gordon MacRae
4 Riders in the Sky (A Cowboy Legend)--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
--Bing Crosby
--Burl Ives
5 Cruising Down the River--Russ Morgan and his Orchestra
--Blue Barron and his Orchestra
--Jack Smith and the Clark Sisters
6 Careless Hands--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
--Mel Torme
7 Once in Love with Amy--Ray Bolger
8 Some Enchanted Evening--Perry Como
--Bing Crosby
8 Sunflower--Russ Morgan and his Orchestra
--Jack Fulton
9 Bali Ha'i--Perry Como
--Peggy Lee
10 So in Love--Gordon MacRae
--Dinah Shore

The only single entering the chart was Merry-Go-Round Waltz by Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians (#18).

On the radio
Tales of Fatima, starring Basil Rathbone, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: Time to Kill

Politics and government
General Chan Yi, commander of victorious Communist forces in Shanghai, was appointed head of a military control commission established to govern the city.

Diplomacy
At the Paris Foreign Ministers Conference, the Western Allies responded to Soviet proposals by urging extension of the West German Basic Law and the Western occupation statute to all of Germany and the creation of a four-power supervisory high commission which would make its decisions by majority vote. U.S.S.R. Foreign Minister Andrei Vishinsky rejected the Western plan as "one-sided."

Brazilian President Eurico Dutra concluded his visit to the United States and returned home.

Protest
Striking tin miners in Catavi, Bolivia rioted when army troops moved in to operate the mines. The violence caused 52 deaths, including those of two U.S. mining engineers taken hostage by the strikers.

Education
Czechoslovakian Archbishop Josef Beran broke off negotiations for a state-church agreement on Catholic schools as "vain and hopeless."

Academia
The Oklahoma legislature passed a bill allowing Negroes to attend state uniersities on a segregated basis for courses not given in the state's Negro colleges.

Baseball
In his first home start, Don Newcombe staked the Brooklyn Dodgers to a 6-0 lead over the Boston Braves, only to see the Braves come back for a 7-6 win before 23,497 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. The big blow for the Braves was a grand slam in the 8th inning by former Dodger Pete Reiser.

Ken Raffensberger pitched a 7-hit complete game and began a 2-run game-winning rally with a single as the Cincinnati Red shut out the Chicago Cubs 2-0 before 15,779 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Losing pitcher Dutch Leonard pitched an 8-hit complete game.

Yogi Berra drove in the tying run in the 9th inning with a double, then scored the winning run from first base on a double by Billy Johnson with 1 out in the bottom of the 14th inning as the New York Yankees edged the Philadelphia Athletics 2-1 before 25,683 fans at Yankee Stadium. Joe Page pitched 6 scoreless innings in relief of Vic Raschi to get the win over Lou Brissie, who pitched a 6-hit complete game.

Early Wynn held the Chicago White Sox to 4 hits to win the pitchers' duel over Howie Judson as the Cleveland Indians defeated the White Sox 3-2 in 11 innings before 10,929 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. Joe Gordon led off the bottom of the 11th inning with a single and came around to score on a single by Mickey Vernon. Chicago left fielder Gus Zernial broke his collarbone making a diving catch in the 10th inning, and was out for the next 2 months.

60 years ago
1959


On television tonight
The Lawless Years, starring James Gregory, on NBC
Tonight's episode: No Fare



Space
Two female monkeys, Abel and Baker, became the first living creatures to survive a space flight when they endured 9 minutes of weightlessness after being fired 300 miles above the earth in the nose cone of a Jupiter missile from Cape Canaveral, Florida.

Diplomacy
A Communist Chinese mission headed by Defense Minister Peng Ten-huai arrived in Tirana, Albania for discussions with U.S.S.R. Premier Nikita Khrushchev and his Defense Minister Rodion Malinovsky.

Defense
U.S.S.R. Premier Khrushchev called for Greece's withdrawal from the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the creation of a "zone of peace" that would embrace the Balkans and the Mediterranean.

Scandal
A grand jury in Nassau County, New York indicted John J. O'Rourke, president of the New York Teamsters union Joint Council and 14 others on charges of conspiracy, coercion, and extortion in the juke box industry.

Disasters
85 passengers were killed and 47 others were injured when a train plunged into a ravine in the East Priangan region of West Java.

Olympics
The International Olympic Committee voted in Munich to expel Nationalist China as a step toward admitting Communist China to the Olympic Games.

50 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Get Back--The Beatles with Billy Preston (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Gus Getz, 79
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Getz was a third baseman with five major league clubs from 1909-1918, batting .238 with 2 home runs and 93 runs batted in in 339 games. He played at least 1,297 games in at least 11 seasons in the minor leagues from 1908-1927.

Aviation
For the first time, Canada participated in the Paris Air and Space Show, running until June 8, with 28 exhibitors.

Transportation
Alberta Premier Harry Strom opened the Alberta Resources Railway, a 235-mile line north from Hinton, through Grande Cache to Grande Prairie; the Canadian National Railway completed the line from near Peace River to Hay River, Northwest Territories.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Richard Nixon asked Congress for a $2.8 billion foreign aid program for fiscal 1970. His bid was $138 million less than the amount asked by outgoing President Lyndon Johnson in January, and the smallest request in the program's history.

Baseball
Randy Hundley's grand slam off Ray Sadecki climaxed a 7-run 3rd inning for the Chicago Cubs as they held on to defeat the San Francisco Giants 7-6 before 4,447 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Mr. Sadecki hit his fifth and last career major league home run in the 4th inning.

Cleon Jones reached first base on an error by shortstop Tommy Dean to lead off the bottom of the 11th inning and scored on a 1-out single by Bud Harrelson to give the New York Mets a 1-0 win over the San Diego Padres before 11,860 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Jerry Koosman started on the mound for New York and allowed 4 hits in 10 innings, while San Diego starter Clay Kirby allowed 7 hits in 9 innings.

Tony Perez stole home plate and Johnny Bench stole second on the same play in the bottom of the 8th inning, breaking a 6-6 tie as the Cincinnati Reds edged the Pittsburgh Pirates 7-6 before 7,458 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Cincinnati first baseman Lee May hit 2 home runs for the third straight game; his 6 home runs in 3 straight games tied a major league record.

Joe Morgan led off the bottom of the 10th inning with a base on balls, advanced to second base on a sacrifice bunt, stole third, and scored on a single by Doug Rader to give the Houston Astros a 7-6 win over the Philadelphia Phillies before 17,928 fans at the Astrodome.

Frank Howard singled home pinch runner Ed Stroud with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Washington Senators a 4-3 win over the Minnesota Twins before 4,372 fans at Robert F. Kennedy Stadium in Washington. Mr. Stroud was running for Mike Epstein, who had drawn a base on balls with 1 out.

Aurelio Rodriguez led off the bottom of the 9th inning with a single, advanced to second base on a sacrifice bunt, stole third base on the front end of a double steal, and scored on a 2-out single by Jay Johnstone to give the California Angels a 5-4 win over the Cleveland Indians before 10,238 fans at Anaheim Stadium.

40 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Lay Your Love on Me--Racey (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Miserarete--Judy Ongg (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Sólo Pienso en Tí--Víctor Manuel (5th week at #1)

Music
Elton John performed his first concert in Moscow, after a four-day stay in Leningrad. Mr. John said, "We wanted to try and come somewhere where we had not been before instead of just going again and again to North America and Europe...I think people here are not used to the sort of concert we give them." The audience of 3,000 never got carried away and sat politely in their seats throughout the performance.

Diplomacy
Israel released 16 Arab prisoners who would not endanger Israel's national security.

Economics and finance
Greek Prime Minister Konstantinos Karamanlis signed an agreement with representatives of the member nations of the European Economic Community that would make Greece the tenth member of the EEC on January 1, 1981. Mr. Caramanlis first applied for associate membership in the EEC for Greece in 1961, and lobbied to accelerate teh integration when he returned to power in 1974.

Baseball
George Brett hit for the cycle and led off the bottom of the 16th inning with his second home run of the game to give the Kansas City Royals a 5-4 win over the Baltimore Orioles before 34,677 fans at Royals Stadium. Larry Gura pitched 4 innings of 1-hit scoreless relief to get the win.

Mickey Rivers hit a solo home run with 2 out in the top of the 10th inning to break a 1-1 tie as the New York Yankees edged the Milwaukee Brewers 2-1 before 39,291 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. Losing pitcher Bill Travers allowed 9 hits and 2 earned runs in a complete game.

Ray Knight singled home 2 runs in the top of the 13th inning to break a 1-1 tie as the Cincinnati Reds beat the Los Angeles Dodgers 3-2 before 49,114 fans at Dodger Stadium. With 1 out in the bottom of the 13th, Derrel Thomas doubled and Dave Lopes singled him home, but Bill Russell flied out to center field and Reggie Smith struck out to end the game.

30 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): The Look--Roxette (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: The Look--Roxette

Scandal
The Royal Canadian Mounted Police charged Global Television reporter Doug Small and four others with possession of stolen goods, and two others with theft, after they accepted a leaked federal budget before the budget lock-up.

Auto racing
Emerson Fittipaldi won the Indianapolis 500 for the first time, at an average speed of 167.581 miles per hour. Mr. Fittipaldi had been passed by teammate Al Unser, Jr. on lap 196 of the 200-lap race. Two laps later, Mr. Unser slowed as he approached traffic, and Mr. Fittipaldi came up beside him. The cars touched wheels, and Mr. Unser spun out, handing the win to Mr. Fittipaldi.





Baseball
George Bell hit a 2-run home run off Bobby Thigpen with nobody out in the bottom of the 12th inning to give the Toronto Blue Jays a 7-5 win over the Chicago White Sox before 46,120 fans in the last game ever played at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto.

Kirk McCaskill pitched a 4-hit shutout to improve his record for the season to 6-1 as the California Angels blanked the Boston Red Sox 3-0 before 34,311 fans at Fenway Park in Boston.

Felix Fermin drew a base on balls to lead off the bottom of the 9th inning and scored on a 2-out squeeze bunt single by Joe Carter, beating pitcher Mark Williamson's throw to catcher Bob Melvin, to give the Cleveland Indians a 1-0 win over the Baltimore Orioles before 33,918 fans at Cleveland Stadium. Greg Swindell pitched a 4-hit shutout to improve his 1989 record to 5-1.

Will Clark hit a grand slam in the 4th inning to help the San Francisco Giants defeat the Philadelphia Phillies 8-5 before 51,498 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Rick Reuschel started on the mound for San Francisco and allowed 7 hits and 4 runs--2 earned--in 5 1/3 innings, but was credited with the win, improving his 1989 record to 9-2. Philadelphia third baseman Mike Schmidt batted 0 for 3 with 2 bases on balls, and made an error on his only fielding chance in the 2,404th and last game of his 18-year Hall of Fame major league career.

Tim Raines hit a 3-run home run, drew 2 bases on balls, and scored 3 runs to help the Montreal Expos defeat the San Diego Padres 10-2 before 50,614 fans at Jack Murphy-San Diego Stadium in a game that was followed by a Beach Boys' concert.

Dave Anderson led off the bottom of the 12th inning with a base on balls, advanced to second base on a single by Willie Randolph, advanced to third on a throwing error by pitcher Roger McDowell, and scored when Mr. McDowell balked, giving the Los Angeles Dodgers a 4-3 win over the New York Mets before 46,060 fans at Dodger Stadium.

25 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): The Most Beautiful Girl in the World--The Artist Formerly Known as Prince (Love Symbol)

#1 single in Italy: Eins, Zwei, Polizei--Mo-Do (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Hooked on a Feeling--Tony Wilson (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): The Most Beautiful Girl in the World--The Artist Formerly Known as Prince (Love Symbol) (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): Without You--Mariah Carey (6th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Je danse le mia--IAM (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): I Like to Move It--Reel 2 Real featuring the Mad Stuntman (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Come On You Reds--Manchester United F.C. (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 I Swear--All-4-One (2nd week at #1)
2 I'll Remember--Madonna
3 The Sign--Ace of Base
4 The Most Beautiful Girl in the World--The Artist Formerly Known as Prince (Love Symbol)
5 Return to Innocence--Enigma
6 Baby I Love Your Way--Big Mountain
7 You Mean the World to Me--Toni Braxton
8 Bump n' Grind--R. Kelly
9 I'm Ready--Tevin Campbell
10 Back & Forth--Aaliyah

Singles entering the chart were Any Time, Any Place/And On and On by Janet Jackson (#30); Anytime You Need a Friend by Mariah Carey (#45); Back in the Day by Ahmad (#87); Wild Night by John Mellencamp with Me'Shell Ndegeocello (#88); 100% Pure Love by Crystal Waters (#89); and Bucktown by Smif-N-Wessun (#97).

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box):
1 I Swear--All-4-One
2 I'll Remember--Madonna
3 The Most Beautiful Girl in the World--The Artist Formerly Known as Prince (Love Symbol)
4 Baby, I Love Your Way--Big Mountain
5 I'm Ready--Tevin Campbell
6 You Mean the World to Me--Toni Braxton
7 The Sign--Ace of Base
8 Return to Innocence--Enigma
9 If You Go--Jon Secada
10 Bump N' Grind--R. Kelly

Singles entering the chart were American Girl by Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers (#82); Night in My Veins by the Pretenders (#85); Cleopatra's Cat by Spin Doctors (#86); Your Body's Callin' by R. Kelly (#87); Doggy Dogg World by Snoop Doggy Dogg (#88); Backwater by Meat Puppets (#89); Possession by Sarah McLachlan (#90); Sending My Love by Zhane (#91); The Place Where You Belong by Shai (#92); and Rocks by Primal Scream (#93).

20 years ago
1999


Art
Leonardo da Vinci's masterpiece The Last Supper was put back on display in Milan, after 22 years of restoration work,.

Crime
New York Yankees' outfielder Darryl Strawberry pled no contest to cocaine possession and solicitation charges and was sentenced to 18 months' probation.

Baseball
Boston Red Sox' catcher Jason Varitek had difficulty handling Tim Wakefield's knuckleball, and allowed 5 passed balls, 3 in the first inning. Mr. Varitek was more successful at bat, making 3 hits, including a home run, as the Red Sox defeated the Cleveland Indians 12-5 before 43,287 fans at Jacobs Field in Cleveland. Mr. Wakefield allowed 9 hits, 3 bases on balls, and 5 runs--all earned--in 5 innings, and was still credited with the win, while Derek Lowe pitched 4 hitless innings to get the save.

10 years ago
2009


Politics and government
Ontario Aboriginal Affairs Minister Brad Duguid formally signed over control of Ipperwash Provincial Park to the Chippewas of Kettle and Stony Point First Nation.

May 27, 2019

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Rita!

820 years ago
1199


Brittanica
John was crowned King of England at Westminster.

375 years ago
1644


War
Manchu regent Dorgon defeated rebel leader Li Zicheng of the Shun dynasty at the Battle of Shanhai Pass, allowing the Manchus to enter and conquer the capital city of Beijing.

225 years ago
1794


Born on this date
Cornelius Vanderbilt
. U.S. businessman. Mr. Vanderbilt, nicknamed "The Commodore," owned the New York Central Railroad, and became one of the wealthiest men in America. He founded Vanderbilt University in Nashville. Mr. Vanderbilt died on January 4, 1877 at the age of 82.

220 years ago
1799


War
Austrian forces defeated French forces at Winterthur, Switzerland.

200 years ago
1819


Born on this date
Julia Ward Howe
. U.S. poetess and songwriter. Mrs. Howe, raised an Episcopalian and a convert to Unitarianism, supported the abolition of slavery, and was best known for writing The Battle Hymn of the Republic, written late in 1861 and first published early in 1862 during the American Civil War. She supported feminist causes such as female suffrage, and died on October 17, 1910 at the age of 91.

180 years ago
1839


Born on this date
Alfred Horatio Belo
. U.S. journalist. Mr. Belo founded The Dallas Morning News in 1885. He died on April 19, 1901 at the age of 61.

150 years ago
1869

Baseball

Lip Pike hit 4 home runs as the Brooklyn Atlantics beat the Olympics 89-7.

140 years ago
1879


Born on this date
Hans Lammers
. German politician. Mr. Lammers joined the Nazi Party in 1932, and served as Chief of the Reich Chancellery (1933-1945); Reich Minister Without Portfolio (1937-1945); and President of the Reich Cabinet (1943-1945). He was convicted in the 1949 Nuremberg trials of war crimes and crimes against humanity, and was sentenced to 20 years in prison. The sentence was subsequently commuted to 10 years, and he was freed in December 1951. Mr. Lammers died on January 4, 1962 at the age of 82.s

Karl Bühler. German-born U.S. linguist and psychologist. Dr. Bühler was known for his work in gestalt psychology, and was one of the founders of the Würzburg School of psychology. In linguistics, he was known for his organon model of communication and his treatment of deixis as a linguistic phenomenon. Dr. Bühler fled to London in 1940, and eventually settled in the United States as a professor at the University of Minnesota (1940-1945) and University of Southern California (1945-1955). He died on October 24, 1963 at the age of 84.

125 years ago
1894


Born on this date
Dashiell Hammett
. U.S. author and screenwriter. Mr. Hammett was one of the most prominent writers of hard-boiled detective fiction with novels such as The Maltese Falcon (1930) and The Thin Man (1934). He was a drunkard and a Communist who had a long relationship with writer Lillian Hellman, and served time in prison in the early 1950s after being convicted of contempt of court for refusing to identify other Communists while under oath. Mr. Hammett died of lung cancer on January 10, 1961 at the age of 66.

Louis-Ferdinand Céline. French physician and author. Dr. Céline practiced medicine before turning to writing, with his best-known work being the novel Voyage au bout de la nuit (Journey to the End of the Night) (1932). He became a pamphleteer on behalf of the Axis powers, and was imprisoned in Denmark for more than a year after World War II. Dr. Céline returned to France in 1951 after being granted amnesty, and died of a ruptured aneurysm on July 1, 1961 at the age of 67.

110 years ago
1909


Born on this date
W.W. Hansen
. U.S. physicist. Dr. William Webster Hansen was one of the founders of microwave electronics, including the development of radar. On May 23, 1949, four days before his 40th birthday, Dr. Hansen died of berylliosis and fibrosis of the lungs, caused by inhaling the beryllium used in his research.

Mike "Pinky" Higgins. U.S. baseball player and manager. Mr. Higgins played third base with the Philadelphia Athletics (1930, 1933-1936); Boston Red Sox (1937-1938, 1946); and Detroit Tigers (1939-1944, 1946), batting .292 with 140 home runs and 1,075 runs batted in in 1,802 games. He played in the 1940 and 1946 World Series, batting .271 with 1 home run and 8 RBIs in 14 games. Mr. Higgins managed the Red Sox from 1955-1962 (with brief interruptions in 1959 and 1960), compiling a record of 560-556. He was the Red Sox' supervisor of player personnel from 1961-1962, and general manager from 1962-1965, and has often been labelled a racist for continuing the club's long-standing reluctance to employ Negro players. On February 27, 1968, Mr. Higgins was driving drunk when he killed Louisiana transportation official George Killen; Mr. Higgins pled guilty to driving while intoxicated, and suffered two heart attacks between conviction and sentencing. He began serving a four-year prison sentence in January 1969, was paroled on March 20, and suffered a fatal heart attack the next day at the age of 59.

Baseball
Addie Joss pitched a 7-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Charlie Pelty as the Cleveland Naps beat the St. Louis Browns 5-2 before 2,700 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Each team recorded 22 assists; the combined total of 44 set an American League record.

100 years ago
1919


Aviation
U.S. Navy Lieutenant Commander A. C. Read, in his Curtiss NC-4 flying boat, arrived in Lisbon en route for Plymouth, England, 11 days after leaving Trepassey Harbour in Newfoundland on the first successful transatlantic flight.

Baseball
Tris Speaker hit 2 doubles as the Cleveland Indians defeated the Boston Red Sox 6-4 at Dunn Field in Cleveland. Babe Ruth hit a long triple for the Red Sox, the first ball ever to be hit off the center field screen at Dunn Field.

80 years ago
1939


Died on this date
Joseph Roth, 44
. Austro-Hungarian born writer. Mr. Roth, a Jewish native of Galicia in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, was a journalist before becoming better known for his novels Job (1930) and Radetzky's March (1932). He worked in Berlin and Paris after World War I, and his writing expressed a nostalgia for life in Europe before World War I. Mr. Roth fled Germany when the Nazis came to power in 1933 and settled in Paris; he continued to write despite heavy drinking, which led to his death.

Baseball
Joe Vosmik hit a 3-run home run in the first game and led off the bottom of the 9th inning with a home run to give the Boston Red Sox a 7-6 win in the second game and a sweep of their doubleheader against the Washington Nationals before 12,000 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Lefty Grove pitched an 11-hit complete game 11-4 victory in the first game, singled in 2 runs, and scored another, while losing pitcher Jimmie DeShong pitched a complete game despite allowing 11 hits, 6 bases on balls, and 10 earned runs. Boston right fielder Ted Williams batted 3 for 4 with a triple, home run, and 4 runs batted in in the second game.

The New York Yankees scored 6 runs in the 1st inning and 2 in the 2nd as they coasted to an 8-2 win over the Philadelphia Athletics in the first game of a doubleheader before 30,358 fans at Yankee Stadium. The Yankees parlayed 5 bases on balls and a single into 5 runs in the bottom of the 7th inning as they overcame an early 5-0 deficit to win the second game 11-9 to complete the sweep. New York George Selkirk drove in 3 runs with a pair of home runs in the second game.

Charlie Gehringer hit for the cycle, scoring 2 runs and driving in 5, to help the Detroit Tigers defeat the St. Louis Browns 12-5 before 17,345 fans at Briggs Stadium in Detroit. Mr. Gehringer became the first major league player to hit for the cycle in order (single; double; triple; home run).

The Cincinnati Reds set a team record with their 12th straight win as Lee Grissom pitched them to a 3-2 win over the St. Louis Cardinals before 6,022 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis in a game that was called after 8 innings because of rain.

75 years ago
1944


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Love You--Bing Crosby with John Scott Trotter and His Orchestra (Best Seller--4th week at #1; Jukebox--1st week at #1)

War
American troops in Italy fought their way into Artena--2 miles below Valmontone--and the Via Casilina, which was the Germans' main escape route from the Liri Valley. U.S. troops, in another leapfrogging attack, invaded Biak Island, Dutch New Guinea, and established a beachhead.

Diplomacy
The U.S. Senate Foreign Relations postwar subcommittee accepted in principle U.S. participation in the United Nations organization.

Defense
The U.S. War Production Board reported that munitions output in April was 3% below schedule and 2% behind March production.

Society
The U.S. War Relocation Agency reported that 22,000 Japanese-Americans had been transferred from camps to private homes and hostels nationwide, "with only a few instances of local opposition or discrimination."

Politics and government
California Governor Earl Warren announced that he had written all the state's delegates pledged to him at the 1944 Republican National Convention "not to nominate him or vote for him for any position."

70 years ago
1949


On television tonight
Your Show Time, hosted and narrated by Arthur Shields, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Birthday of the Infants, starring Gloria Holden, Gene Reynolds, and Frank Wilcox

Died on this date
Robert Ripley, 59
. U.S. journalist. Mr. Ripley was a sportswriter and cartoonist who, in December 1918, began a cartoon feature called Champs and Chumps, which soon became known as Ripley's Believe it or Not!, a collection of unusual facts gleaned from around the world. Ripley's Believe it or Not! became internationally popular as a newspaper feature, as well through books, radio programs, short films, and as a program in the early days of television. Mr. Ripley showed signs of declining health, and during the live broadcast of the 13th episode of the Ripley's Believe it or Not! television program on May 24, 1949, appeared to experience a brief mental blackout. He checked into a New York hospital two days later, was diagnosed with a bad heart, and suffered a fatal heart attack the next day. Ripley's Believe it or Not! continued in print and briefly on television, and remains a franchise today.

Married on this date
U.S. actress Rita Hayworth and Prince Aly Khan, son of Indian Muslim leader Aga Khan, were married on the French Riviera.

War
The U.S. Navy withdrew all fleet and shore units from Tsingtao in northern China, while Communist forces ended fighting around Shanghai by taking the Yangtze River port of Woosung with the surrender of 50,000 Nationalist soldiers.

World events
Soviet authorities again halted freight traffic from West Germany to Berlin.

Diplomacy
A London court rejected a U.S. request for the extradition of accused Soviet spy Gerhart Eisler, ruling that he had committed no crime recognized by British law.

Politics and government
The Liberal Party, led by Premier Joey Smallwood, won 22 of 28 seats in the House of Assembly in the first Newfoundland provincial election since the province's admission to Canada on March 31. The Progressive Conservatives, led by Harry Mews, won 5 seats, and Mr. Mews was defeated in St. John's West. Independent candidate Peter Cashin, an opponent of Confederatino and the son of former Newfoundland Prime Minister Sir Michael Cashin, was elected in Ferryland. It was the first Newfoundland election to include voters in Labrador.

The U.S. Senate passed and sent to House of Representatives conference a bill expanding the powers of the Central Intelligence Agency and the secrecy of its activities, personnel, and expenditures.

Academia
The American Academy of Arts and Letters presented its gold medal to Frederick Law Olmsted, the first landscape architect to win the award.

Crime
A U.S. federal grand jury in San Francisco indicted Australian native and International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union President Harry Bridges for perjury, accusing him of falsely denying Communist Party membership at the time of his U.S. naturalization in 1945.

Labour
The U.S. National Labor Relations Board unanimously voided the United Mine Workers of America's union shop contract with coal mines owned by steel companies.

60 years ago
1959


Politics and government
King Mahendra of Nepal installed B.P. Koirala of the Nepalese Congress Party as head of an eight-member cabinet, Nepal's first elected government.

South African Justice Minister Charles Swart banned African National Congress President Albert Luthuli from addressing or attending any political meetings for five years, and banished him to his home district in Lower Tugela, Natal.

World events
The six-month U.S.S.R. ultimatum for dissolution of the Allied occupation government in Berlin expired without any other Soviet attempt to force Western troops from the city or to close Western military access routes to Berlin.

Cuban armed forces commander Raul Castro and some other officers were rescued after their plane was forced down for lack of fuel in the Cienaga de Zapata, a 1,000-square-mile marsh.

Baseball
National League President Warren Giles ruled that the final score of the Harvey Haddix perfect game the previous night should be amended to 1-0 for the Milwaukee Braves over the Pittsburgh Pirates‚ since runners Henry Aaron and Joe Adcock were both ruled out--Mr. Aaron for leaving the field‚ and Mr. Adcock for passing him in the basepath. Mr. Adcock was credited with a double and not a home run.

50 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Get Back/Don't Let Me Down--The Beatles with Billy Preston (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Jeffrey Hunter, 43
. U.S. actor. Mr. Hunter, born Henry Herman McKinnies, Jr., was best known for his roles in the movies The Searchers (1956) and King of Kings (1961). He played Captain Christopher Pike in The Cage (1965), the original pilot for the television series Star Trek. Mr. Hunter died when he suffered a brain hemorrhage and fell down a short flight of stairs at his home, fracturing his skull when he hit his head on a banister.

Lou Jackson, 33. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Jackson was an outfielder with the Chicago Cubs (1958-1959) and Baltimore Orioles (1964), batting .213 with 1 home run and 7 runs batted in in 34 games. He played in the minor leagues from 1957-1965, batting .289 with 151 homers and 590 RBIs in 1,110 games. Mr. Jackson was one of the first Americans to play in Japan, playing with the Sankei Atoms of the Japanese Central League from 1966-1968, batting .257 with 68 home runs and 181 RBIs in 329 games. He died of a reported pancreatic infection.

Space
Apollo 10 astronauts Tom Stafford, Gene Cernan, and John Young returned to Houston, one day after the end of their 8-day lunar reconnaissance mission.

Politics and government
Democratic Party Mayor Sam Yorty won his third term in office, defeating city councilman Tom Bradley, his Negro challenger, in a runoff election. Mr. Bradley, also a Democrat, had led Mr. Yorty by more than 100,000 votes in the indecisive April 1 election. In the runoff, Mr. Yorty won 53% of the vote to Mr. Bradley's 47%. Mr. Yorty's victory was attributed by many to the injection of racial fear into the campaign. Voter turnout for the runoff election was 80%, a record.

40 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Heart of Glass--Blondie (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Music Box Dancer--Frank Mills (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Ahmed Ould Bouceif, 45
. Prime Minister of Mauritania, 1979. Lieutenant Colonel Bouceif seized power in a coup d'état together with Colonel Mohamed Khouna Ould Haidallah and other officers, ousting Col. Mustafa Ould Salek. Lt. Col. Bouceif and 11 others were killed in an airplane crash off the coast of Dakar, Senegal, at which point Col. Haidallah emerged as the regime's main strongman.

Diplomacy
The border between Israel and Egypt was opened by Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, enabling citizens of the former enemies to visit each other.

Politics and government
The five-day International Colloquium on Public Administration, organized by the National School of Administration and chaired by Quebec Minister of Public Service Denis de Belleval, opened in Quebec City. The conference focused on bureaucracy and society, evolving public administration and post-industrial society, and the future of public administration.

Auto racing
Rick Mears won the Indianapolis 500, his first victory in that race, at an average speed of 158.899 miles per hour. Because of controversy over the new Championship Auto Racing Teams series, a special qualifying session was held the day before the race to allow certain cars to attempt to qualify who had been prevented from doing so before. Only 2 of the 10 cars that ran that day achieved the required speed, and they were added to the field. The field of 35 cars was the largest in the Indianapolis 500 since 1933.



Basketball
NBA
Finals
Washington 95 @ Seattle 105 (Seattle led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Gus Williams scored 31 points and Jack Sikma added 21 points and 17 rebounds for the SuperSonics as they beat the Bullets before 35,928 fans at the Kingdome. Bobby Dandridge led Washington scorers with 28 points and Wes Unseld added 23.







30 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Like a Prayer--Madonna (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Eternal Flame--Bangles (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Megamix--Boney M. (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Ferry 'Cross the Mersey--The Christians, Holly Johnson, Paul McCartney, Gerry Marsden and Stock Aitken Waterman (2nd week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Eternal Flame--Bangles (7th week at #1)
2 Me Myself and I--De La Soul
3 Wonderful--Patty and Shift
4 I Beg Your Pardon--Kon Kan
5 Paradise City--Guns N' Roses
6 Keep On Movin--Soul II Soul
7 The Look--Roxette
8 If You Don't Know Me by Now--Simply Red
9 Lullaby--The Cure
10 Lolly Lolly--Wendy & Lisa

Singles entering the chart were I'm Every Woman (Remix) by Chaka Khan (#26); That's How I'm Living by Toni Scott (#28); My Brave Face by Paul McCartney (#30); and It's the First Time by Loïs Lane (#35).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Forever Your Girl--Paula Abdul (2nd week at #1)
2 Real Love--Jody Watley
3 Rock On--Michael Damian
4 Soldier of Love--Donny Osmond
5 Patience--Guns n' Roses
6 Wind Beneath My Wings--Bette Midler
7 I'll Be Loving You (Forever)--New Kids on the Block
8 Every Little Step--Bobby Brown
9 I'll Be There for You--Bon Jovi
10 Close My Eyes Forever--Lita Ford (Duet with Ozzy Osbourne)

Singles entering the chart were My Brave Face by Paul McCartney (#72); Dressed for Success by Roxette (#80); Secret Rendezvous by Karyn White (#83); Fire Woman by the Cult (#84); In My Eyes by Stevie B (#87); Joy and Pain by Rob Base & D.J. E-Z Rock (#90); and Praying to a New God by Wang Chung (#93).

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Real Love--Jody Watley (2nd week at #1)
2 Forever Your Girl--Paula Abdul
3 Rock On--Michael Damian
4 Soldier of Love--Donny Osmond
5 I'll Be There for You--Bon Jovi
6 Patience--Guns N' Roses
7 After All--Cher and Peter Cetera
8 Wind Beneath My Wings--Bette Midler
9 Electric Youth--Debbie Gibson
10 Like a Prayer--Madonna

Singles entering the chart were My Brave Face by Paul McCartney (#60); Dressed for Success by Roxette (#69); Fascination Street by the Cure (#78); Praying to a New God by Wang Chung (#83); Secret Rendezvous by Karyn White (#90); and Everything Counts by Depeche Mode (#94).

Politics and government
The new Soviet parliament, the Congress of People's Deputies, chose from their ranks 542 members of the Supreme Soviet, which would be in session most of the year and deal directly with legislation. Reformers were virtually shut out in this selection, and some 10,000 supporters of reformer Boris Yeltsin gathered to protest.

25 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Without You--Mariah Carey (8th week at #1)

World events
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1970, arrived in the Russian port of Magadan with his wife Natalya and son Stephan, returning to his homeland after 20 years of exile in the United States.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference Finals
New Jersey 1 @ New York Rangers 2 (2 OT) (New York won best-of-seven series 4-3)

20 years ago
1999


Space
The U.S. space shuttle Discovery, with a seven-member crew commanded by Kent Rominger and including Canadian Mission Specialist Julie Payette, blasted off from Kennedy Space Center in Florida to begin the 10-day mission STS-96. It was the first shuttle flight to dock with the International Space Station.

War
Louise Arbour, chief prosecutor of the international war crimes tribunal investigating the Yugoslav conflict, announced that Yugoslavian President Slobodan Milosevic had been indicted for murder and other war crimes. Four other Serbian leaders were indicted on similar charges; none were in custody.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference Finals
Buffalo 4 Toronto 2

Basketball
NBA
Western Conference Finals
Portland 92 Utah 80

Baseball
Designated hitter Luis Polonia, who had been called up from the minor leagues the day before, batted 5 for 5 with 2 doubles, 4 runs, and a run batted in to help the Detroit Tigers beat the Chicago White Sox 10-5 before 13,465 fans at Tiger Stadium. Chicago third baseman Greg Norton drove in 4 runs with a pair of home runs.

Eric Davis tripled with 1 out in the bottom of the 12th inning and scored on a wild pitch by Jerry Spradlin to give the St. Louis Cardinals a 3-2 win over the San Francisco Giants before 47,829 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis.

10 years ago
2009


Died on this date
Clive Granger, 74
. U.K.-born U.S. economist. Sir Clive, a native of Wales, was awarded a share of the 2003 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences "for methods of analyzing economic time series with common trends (cointegration)." He moved to the United States in 1974 and taught at the University of California at San Diego.

Space
Soyuz TMA-15 lifted off from Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan to transport three members of the Expedition 20 mission to the International Space Station for a six-month mission. The crew were Commander Roman Romanenko (Russia) and Flight Engineers Frank De Winne (Belgium) and Bob Thirsk (Canada).

Wednesday, 29 May 2019

May 26, 2019

375 years ago
1644


War
Portuguese and Spanish forces both claimed victory in the Battle of Montijo in Spain.

150 years ago
1869


Academia
Boston University was chartered by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.

140 years ago
1879


Diplomacy
Russia and the United Kingdom signed the Treaty of Gandamak, establishing an Afghan state.

125 years ago
1894


Born on this date
Paul Lukas
. Hungarian-born U.S. actor. Mr. Lukas, born in Budapest as Pál Lukács, began his stage and screen career in his native country, but also worked in Germany and Austria before moving to Hollywod in 1927. He appeared in numerous films, plays, radio programs, and television programs, but was best known for playing anti-Nazi German émigré in the play (1941) and film (1943) Watch on the Rhine, winning the Academy Award for his starring screen performance. Mr. Lukas was visiting Tangier, Morocco, apparently searching for a place to spend his retirement years, when he died on August 15, 1971 at the age of 77.

120 years ago
1899


Born on this date
Antonio Barrette
. Canadian politician and diplomat. Mr. Barrette, a member of the Union Nationale, represented Joliette in the Legislative Assembly of Quebec from 1936-1960, and served as Minister of Labour in the governments of Premiers Maurice Duplessis and Paul Sauvé from 1944-1960. On January 8, 1960, six days after the sudden death in office of Mr. Sauvé, Mr. Barrette succeeded him as Premier of Quebec, holding the office until the UN were defeated by the Liberals, led by Jean Lesage, in the provincial election six months later. Mr. Barrette resigned from politics on September 15, 1960; he served as Canadian Ambassador to Greece from 1963-1966, and died on December 15, 1968 at the age of 69.

Muriel McQueen Fergusson. Canadian politician. Mrs. Fergusson, a lawyer and then a probate court judge, became the first woman to serve on the City Council of Fredericton, New Brunswick. She was appointed to the Senate by Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent in 1953 and sat as a Liberal, representing Fredericton until her retirement in 1975. Mrs. Fergusson became the first female Speaker of the Senate, serving from 1972-1974. She died on April 11, 1997 at the age of 97.

110 years ago
1909


Born on this date
Adolfo López Mateos
. President of Mexico, 1958-1964. Mr. López opposed the governing Partido Revolucionario Institucional (Institutional Revolutionary Party) (PRI), but joined the party in the late 1920s. He represented the State of Mexico in the Senate (1946-1952) and served as Secretary of Labour and Social Welfare (1952-1957) before being elected President. Mr. López nationalized electric companies, opened museums, and supported a foreign policy of non-intervention in the internal affairs of other nations. He suffered from aneurysms, and his health declined toward the end of his presidency. Mr. López died of an aneurysm on September 22, 1969 at the age of 60.

Matt Busby. U.K. soccer player and manager. Sir Matt played for Manchester City from 1928-1936 and Liverpool from 1936-1941, but was best known as manager of Manchester United from 1945-1969 and 1970-1971. He died on January 20, 1994 at the age of 84.

Baseball
Orval Overall outduelled George Bell as the Chicago Cubs beat the Brooklyn Superbas 2-0 at Washington Park in Brooklyn.

100 years ago
1919


Aviation
Roland Groome piloted the first newspaper delivery flight from Regina to Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan.

Labour
Winnipeg City Council voted to prohibit sympathetic strikes by city firemen during the Winnipeg General Strike.

Baseball
Phil Douglas pitched a 1-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Dick Rudolph as the Chicago Cubs edged the Boston Braves 1-0 at Braves Field. Pete Kilduff doubled home Les Mann for the game's only run in the 4th inning.

80 years ago
1939


Died on this date
Charles Mayo, 73
. U.S. physician. Dr. Mayo and his brother William were among the founders of the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota.

75 years ago
1944


At the movies
The Scarlet Claw, directed by Roy William Neill, and starring Basil Rathbone as Sherlock Holmes and Nigel Bruce as Dr. Watson, opened in theatres. It was the only one of the Sherlock Holmes series to be set in Canada.



Died on this date
Herbert Thompson, 85
. U.K. Egyptologist. Sir Herbert lectured at University College London, and was an expert in hieroglyphics.

Christian Wirth, 58. German war criminal. SS-Sturmbannführer (Major) Wirth was a major figure in the Action T4 program--in which people with disabilities were murdered by gassing or lethal injection--and Operation Reinhard, the program to exterminate Poland's Jews. He was killed by Yugoslav Partisans while travelling in an open-topped car on an official trip to Fiume.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued invitations to 41 governments and the French Committee of National Liberation to send delegates to a United Nations monetary conference to open July 1 at Bretton Woods, New Hampshire.

Business
A U.S. Senate Judiciary subcommittee report investigating President Roosevelt's decision to seize Montgomery Ward & Company's Chicago plant was called absurd by Attorney General Francis Biddle, who said that the report failed to take into account court decisions supporting his advice to the President.

Labour
The U.S. Army said that 100,000 prisoners of war would be available for farm work and as labourers on projects not in war production.

70 years ago
1949


Politics and government
U.S. President Harry Truman signed a State Department reorganization bill, appointing George Kennan and Dean Rusk to the new posts of State Department counsellor and deputy undersecretary for substantive matters.

Defense
The U.S. Senate passed and sent to the House of Representatives a bill to strengthen unification of the armed forces by increasing the Defense Secretary's authority over the three services, and creating the posts of deputy defense secretary and civilian controller of military expenditures.

Religion
Pope Pius XII issued a bull proclaiming 1949-1950 a Holy Year.

Economics and finance
The U.S. House of Representatives passed and sent to the Senate a $5.6 billion foreign aid appropriation, including funds for the Marshall Plan and Greek-Turkish aid programs.

The Chicago, Cleveland, and St. Louis stock exchanges announced plans to merge into a single Midwestern exchange.

Business
The Brazilian government bought the British-owned Leopoldina and Great Western railroads for $54.7 million.

The U.S. Justice Department accused Northern Pacific Railway Company of violating the Sherman Antitrust Act by selling and leasing land under "traffic clauses" requiring purchasers to ship exclusively on the Northern Pacific.

Labour
The New Jersey Supreme Court ruled that the state's no-strike law for public utility workers was unconstitutional.

60 years ago
1959


On television tonight
Alcoa Presents: One Step Beyond, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Captain's Guests, starring Robert Webber, Nancy Hadley, Thomas Coley, and Felix Locher



Died on this date
Philip Kassel, 82
. U.S. gymnast. Mr. Kassel won a gold medal as a member of the American team that won the team competition at the 1904 Summer Olympic Games in St. Louis. He finished 11th in the individual all-around competition, 19th in the gymnastics triathlon event, and 6th in the athletics triathlon event.

Ed Walsh, 78. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Walsh played with the Chicago White Sox (1904-1916) and Boston Braves (1917), compiling a record of 195-126 with an earned run average of 1.82 in 430 games, batting .194 with 3 home runs and 68 runs batted in in 459 games. He had four seasons of 20 or more wins, with his most memorable season being 1908, when he was 40-15 with a 1.42 ERA in 66 games, pitching 464 innings. Mr. Walsh remains the major leagues' last 40-game winner, and his career ERA is the lowest in history. He helped the White Sox win the 1906 World Series, and won both his starts in the Series. Mr. Walsh eventually wore out his arm, and pitched in only 33 games from 1913-1917. He umpired in 87 American League games in 1922, and coached with the White Sox (1923-1924, 1928-1929), filling in as manager of the White Sox for 3 games in 1924, compiling a 1-2 record. Mr. Walsh was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1946, and died 12 days after his 78th birthday.

Defense
U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower submitted to Congress agreements under which the United Stats would help Canada, West Germany, the Netherlands, and Turkey to develop nuclear weapons capability.

The U.K. Foreign Office rejected Chinese Communist charges that the Laotian government violated the 1954 Geneva armistice accord by attempting to disarm Pathet Lao guerrillas before incorporating them into the Laotian Army.

Politics and government
South African Bantu Development Minister M.D.C. de Wet Nel inaugurated the Transkeian Territorial Authority, the first all-African local government unit created in an effort to divide South Africa into segregated white and African enclaves.

French Prime Minister Michel Debre renewed warnings to the National Assembly not to attempt to reassert its power to vote resolutions on government policies.

Law
The World Court ruled that it had no jurisdiction over Israeli compensation claims resulting from the shooting down of an El Al airliner over Bulgaria in 1951.

Education
The Florida legislature approved a bill authorizing school boards to segregate pupils by sex, a move designed to avert sex problems should Florida schools be required to racially integrate.

Baseball
The New York Yankees traded pitchers Tom Sturdivant and Johnny Kucks, infielder Jerry Lumpe, and a player to be named later, to the Kansas City Athletics for pitcher Ralph Terry and second baseman Hector Lopez. Mr. Sturdivant was 0-2 with an earned run average of 5.04 in 7 games with the Yankees in 1959, while Mr. Kucks was 0-1 with an 8.47 ERA in 9 games; Mr. Lumpe was batting .222 with no home runs and 2 runs batted in in 18 games with New York. Mr. Terry was 2-4 with a 5.28 ERA in 9 games with Kansas City in 1958, while Mr. Lopez was batting .281 with 6 home runs and 24 runs batted in in 35 games with the Athletics. This was one of the deals that produced accusations that the Yankees were using the Athletics as a farm team.

The Washington Senators traded center fielder Albie Pearson, the previous year's American League Rookie of the Year, to the Baltimore Orioles for outfielder Lenny Green. Mr. Pearson was batting .188 with no home runs and 2 runs batted in in 25 games with Washington in 1959; he had been bothered by a hernia and had lost his job to rookie Bob Allison. Mr. Green was batting .292 with 1 home run and 2 RBIs in 27 games with Baltimore in 1959.

In one of the most memorable performances in major league history, Harvey Haddix of the Pittsburgh Pirates pitched a perfect game for 12 innings, only to lose 1-0 to the Milwaukee Braves in the 13th inning before 19,194 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. The perfect game ended when second baseman Felix Mantilla led off the 13th inning by reaching first base on a throwing error by third baseman Don Hoak. Eddie Mathews then advanced Mr. Mantilla to second on a sacrifice, and Mr. Haddix issued an intentional walk to Hank Aaron. Braves' first baseman Joe Adcock then hit the ball into the right-center field seats for an apparent 3-0 Milwaukee win. However, Hank Aaron had cut across the field and neglected to touch third base when Mr. Adcock's blast had left the park. Mr. Adcock was called out for passing Mr. Aaron, and Mr. Aaron was also called out, although he returned to touch third base and home plate. Since Mr. Mantilla scored before the third out was made, the run counted, and the final score was 1-0 for the Braves. Mr. Aaron's baserunning lapse ended up costing him in the record book. If his run had counted, his career total would have been 2,175. He ended his career with 2,174 runs, tying him for the record with Babe Ruth. Lou Burdette pitched all 13 innings for the Braves, giving up 12 hits for his 8th win of the season. The Braves set a National League record by leaving only one man on base in the entire game. Years later, Milwaukee pitcher Bob Buhl admitted that the Braves had stolen signs from Pittsburgh catcher Smoky Burgess because Mr. Burgess was too fat to squat properly. The Braves in the bullpen placed a towel on the fence in such a way as to signal whether the next pitch would be a fastball or breaking ball. The chicanery didn't help the Braves until Mr. Adcock's game-ending blow.



Leon Wagner's pinch-hit grand slam with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning gave the San Francisco Giants a 6-4 win over the Los Angeles Dodgers before 18,471 fans at Seals Stadium in San Francisco.

Bill Veeck, who had employed midget Eddie Gaedel as a pinch-hitter with the St. Louis Browns in 1951, brought Mr. Gaedel back as part of an on-field stunt before 40,018 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Mr. Veeck, now the owner of the White Sox, had a helicopter land behind second base shortly before the White Sox played the Cleveland Indians. Mr. Gaedel and three other midgets, dressed as spacemen, jumped out, and "captured" Chicago second baseman Nelie Fox and shortstop Luis Aparicio. In the game, Don Ferrarese gave up just 3 hits in 6 1/3 innings and hit 3 doubles, driving in 2 runs, as the Indians blanked the White Sox 3-0.

The same night that Harvey Haddix was having his perfect game broken up in extra innings, Dick Stigman of the San Diego Padres of the Pacific Coast League had a no-hitter going against the Salt Lake City Bees at Westgate Park in San Diego until Ken Toothman singled with 2 out in the top of the 11th. Mr. Stigman allowed 1 more hit before leaving the game after 12 innings. Pete Wojey then pitched 3 scoreless innings and got the win when a squeeze bunt drove in the game's only run as the Padres won 1-0 in the bottom of the 15th.

50 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Yoake no Scat--Saori Yuki (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Mama--Jean Jacques (2nd week at #1)

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Get Back--The Beatles with Billy Preston (2nd week at #1)
2 Love (Can Make You Happy)--Mercy
3 The Boxer--Simon & Garfunkel
4 Hair--The Cowsills
5 The River is Wide--The Grassroots
6 Pinball Wizard--The Who
7 Oh Happy Day--The Edwin Hawkins Singers
8 Where's the Playground Susie--Glen Campbell
9 More Today than Yesterday--The Spiral Starecase
10 Gitarzan--Ray Stevens

Singles entering the chart were No Matter What Sign You Are by Diana Ross and the Supremes (#63); The Minotaur by Dick Hyman and his Electric Eclectics (#68); Tomorrow Tomorrow by the Bee Gees (#83); Love Me Tonight by Tom Jones (#85); Feelin' Alright by Joe Cocker (#86); Don't Let the Joneses Get You Down by the Temptations (#88); Too Experienced by Eddie Lovette (#90); I Threw it All Away by Bob Dylan (#93); Hushabye by Jay and the Americans (#94); Some Velvet Morning by the Vanilla Fudge (#95); You Don't Need Me for Anything Anymore by Brenda Lee (#96); Without Her by Herb Alpert (#97); I Can Sing a Rainbow/Love is Blue by the Dells (#98); Pack it In by Buckstone Hardware (#99); and Brown Arms in Houston by Orpheus (#100).

On the radio
The Challenge of Space, on Springbok Radio
Tonight's episode: My Destiny--The Stars

Died on this date
Allan Lockheed, 80
. U.S. aviation engineer. Mr. Lockheed, born Allan Loughead, flew and designed planes, and with his brother Malcolm founded Alco Hydro-Aeroplane Company in 1912. The company folded in 1921, but Allan co-founded Lockheed Aircraft Corporation in 1926. He died of liver cancer.

Kathryn Minner, 77. U.S. actress. Mrs. Minner played "little old ladies" in several movies and television programs in the 1950s and '60s, and was best known for starring in Clio Award-winning commercials for Southern California Dodge in the mid-1960s. She appeared in the front and back cover photographs of Jan & Dean's album The Little Old Lady from Pasadena (1964). Mrs. Minner died of a heart attack.

Paul Hawkins, 31. Australian auto racing driver. Mr. Hawkins drove in several Formula One races, but was mainly a sports car driver, winning or sharing in victories in three events in 1967 and two in 1968. He was killed in a crash during the Royal Automobile Club Tourist Trophy Race at the Oulton Park circuit in England.

Space
The Apollo 10 crew of Tom Stafford, Gene Cernan, and John Young ended their 8-day mission with a splashdown in the Pacific Ocean, where they were picked up by USS Princeton.



Popular culture
John Lennon and Yoko Ono began their second Bed-In for Peace, this one a week-long stay in room 1742 of the Queen Elizabeth Hotel in Montréal. Their first Bed-In had taken place at the Amsterdam Hilton Hotel two months earlier.

Protest
A Milwaukee courtroom erupted in bedlam after a jury found 12 war protesters, part of the "Milwaukee 14," guilty of theft, burglary, and arson in the destruction of draft records. Extra police were summoned as 150 spectators applauded, wept, linked arms, and sang protest songs.

Boxing
Former world middleweight and light heavyweight champion Dick Tiger (59-18-3) won a 10-round unanimous decision over current middleweight champion Nino Benvenuti (78-3-1) at Madison Square Garden in New York. Both fighters were over the 160-pound weight limit for middleweights, and no title was on the line.









Baseball
The California Angels, with a record of 11 wins and 28 losses, fired Bill Rigney, the only manager in the team’s nine-year history. Coach Lefty Phillips was named to succeed Mr. Rigney.

40 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Chiquitita--ABBA (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Il Carrozzone--Renato Zero (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland: Sunday Girl--Blondie

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Sunday Girl--Blondie

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 I Want You to Want Me--Cheap Trick (2nd week at #1)
2 Bright Eyes--Art Garfunkel
3 Some Girls--Racey
4 When You're in Love with a Beautiful Woman--Dr. Hook
5 Does Your Mother Know--ABBA
6 Hooray! Hooray! It's a Holi-Holiday--Boney M.
7 Casanova--Luv'
8 Pop Muzik--M
9 One Way Ticket--Eruption
10 Happiness--Pointer Sisters

Singles entering the chart were Shine a Little Love by Electric Light Orchestra (#27); Hot Stuff by Donna Summer (#28); Reunited by Peaches & Herb (#31); Boys Keep Swinging by David Bowie (#35); Say When by Lene Lovich (#36); Lydia by Dean Friedman (#38); Bless You by Lee Towers (#39); and Cool for Cats by Squeeze (#40).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Reunited--Peaches & Herb (4th week at #1)
2 Hot Stuff--Donna Summer
3 In the Navy--Village People
4 Love You Inside Out--Bee Gees
5 Goodnight Tonight--Wings
6 We are Family--Sister Sledge
7 Shake Your Body (Down to the Ground)--The Jacksons
8 Just When I Needed You Most--Randy Vanwarmer
9 Stumblin' In--Suzi Quatro & Chris Norman
10 Love is the Answer--England Dan and John Ford Coley

Singles entering the chart were Bad Girls by Donna Summer (#55); I was Made for Lovin' You by Kiss (#70); Shadows in the Moonlight by Anne Murray (#71); I Can't Stand it No More by Peter Frampton (#72); Do it or Die by Atlanta Rhythm Section (#79); Weekend by Wet Willie (#80); If You Can't Give Me Love by Suzi Quatro (#81); Go West by Village People (#82); Music Box by Evelyn "Champagne" King (#85); Church by Bob Welch (#86); Head First by the Babys (#87); Lead Me On by Maxine Nightingale (#89); and If I Said You Have a Beautiful Body Would You Hold it Against Me by the Bellamy Brothers (#90).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Reunited--Peaches & Herb (4th week at #1)
2 Hot Stuff--Donna Summer
3 Heart of Glass--Blondie
4 In the Navy--Village People
5 Shake Your Body (Down to the Ground)--The Jacksons
6 Love You Inside Out--Bee Gees
7 Goodnight Tonight--Wings
8 Just When I Needed You Most--Randy Vanwarmer
9 We are Family--Sister Sledge
10 The Logical Song--Supertramp

Singles entering the chart were Bad Girls by Donna Summer (#51); I Can't Stand it No More by Peter Frampton (#64); Do it or Die by Atlanta Rhythm Section (#74); I was Made for Lovin' You by Kiss (#77); Weekend by Wet Willie (#84); Go West by Village People (#85); If You Can't Give Me Love by Suzi Quatro (#86); Rock Me by Nick Gilder (#87); Church by Bob Welch (#88); and If I Said You Have a Beautiful Body Would You Hold it Against Me by the Bellamy Brothers (#89).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Reunited--Peaches & Herb
2 In the Navy--Village People
3 Goodnight Tonight--Wings
4 Heart of Glass--Blondie
5 Knock on Wood--Amii Stewart
6 He's the Greatest Dancer--Sister Sledge
7 Blow Away--George Harrison
8 Love You Inside Out--Bee Gees
9 Hot Stuff--Donna Summer
10 Take Me Home--Cher

Singles entering the chart were Minute by Minute by the Doobie Brothers (#83); You Take My Breath Away by Rex Smith (#88); Good Timin' by the Beach Boys (#97); Dance the Night Away by Van Halen (#98); Dancin' Fool by Frank Zappa (#99); and Don't Ever Wanna Lose Ya by New England (#100).

Died on this date
George Brent, 75
. U.K.-born U.S. actor. Mr. Brent, born George Brendan Nolan, was a native of Ireland and involved with the Irish Republican Army during the Irish War of Independence from 1921-1922. He left Ireland after the British government set a bounty on him, and settled in the United States in 1921. Mr. Brent appeared in various plays before making his way to Hollywood, beginning his movie career in 1930. He became known as a leading man in movies featuring prominent female actors such as Barbara Stanwyck, Kay Francis, and especially, Bette Davis. Mr. Brent's films included Jezebel (1938); Dark Victory (1939) and In This Our Life (1942). He served in the U.S. Coast Guard during World War II, and failed to reclaim his popularity in later years, although he appeared in numerous television programs. Mr. Brent died after a long battle with emphysema.

Diplomacy
At the peace talks between Egypt and Israel at Beersheba, United States Secretary of State Cyrus Vance pledged support for the Palestinian cause in hopes of bringing West Bank and Gaza leaders into the negotiations. Egyptian President Anwar Sadat was given a tumultuous welcome in the Sinai capital of El Arish, the day after Israel had returned the Sinai to Egypt.

30 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): The Look--Roxette

Scandal
U.S. House of Representatives majority whip Tony Coelho (Democrat--California) announced his resignation as majority whip and from the House. Mr. Coelho had become a potential subject of ethical inquiries concerning the possible use of $100,000 in campaign funds to buy junk bonds underwritten by Drexel Burnham Lambert, Inc. Mr. Coelho denied using campaign funds for that purpose, but admitted that he had not reported on his financial disclosure forms a $50,000 loan used to cover half the bond purchase.

25 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): The Real Thing--2 Unlimited (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Riverdance--Bill Whelan (4th week at #1)

Married on this date
U.S. pop music star Michael Jackson and Lisa Marie Presley, daughter of Elvis Presley, were married in the Dominican Republic.

20 years ago
1999


Died on this date
Paul Sacher, 93
. Swiss orchestra conductor. Mr. Sacher founded and conducted the Basler Kammerorchester (1926–1987). He was known for championing new music, commissioning works from composers such as Richard Strauss, Béla Bartók, Bohuslav Martinů, and Arthur Honegger.

Jack Wells, 88. Canadian sportscaster. "Cactus Jack," a native of Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan, made his name with several radio and television stations in Winnipeg, broadcasting football, hockey, and curling. He was the first television voice of western Canadian Football League telecasts. Mr. Wells was inducted into the media wing of the Canadian Football Hall of Fame in 1981, and died in Winnipeg, 13 days after his 88th birthday.

War
New fighting flared in Kashmir, which was claimed by both India and Pakistan. Some 500 armed Islamic militants had occupied positions on the India side of the cease-fire line, and India accused Pakistan of backing the militants. India began attacking the militants from the air.

Soccer
UEFA Champions League Final @ Camp Nou, Barcelona
Manchester United 2 Baynern Munich 1

The English club Manchester United completed an unprecedented treble as they added their second European Cup triumph to their Premier League and FA Cup success, becoming the first and only English club to achieve the feat in the same season.

10 years ago
2009


Died on this date
Peter Zezel, 44
. Canadian hockey player. Mr. Zezel, a native of Scarborough, Ontario, played centre with seven National Hockey League clubs from 1984-99, scoring 608 points on 219 goals and 389 assists in 873 regular season games and 64 points on 25 goals and 39 assists in 131 playoff games. His best season was 1986-87 with the Philadelphia Flyers, when he scored 33 goals and 39 assists in 71 regular season games and 3 goals and 10 assists in 25 playoff games as the Flyers lost the Stanley Cup finals in 7 games to the Edmonton Oilers. Injuries shortened Mr. Zezel's career, and he was mainly a defensive and faceoff specialist in later years. He died after a long battle with hemolytic anemia, a rare blood disorder.

Literature
Canadian authoress Alice Munro won the Man Booker International Prize for lifetime achievement.

Law
U.S. President Barack Obama nominated federal appeals judge Sonia Sotomayor to be the first Hispanic justice on the U.S. Supreme Court.

Abominations
California's Supreme Court upheld the Proposition 8 sodomite/lesbian marriage ban, but ruled that the 18,000 same-sex weddings that had taken place before the prohibition passed were still valid.

Sunday, 26 May 2019

May 25, 2019

375 years ago
1644


War
Ming general Wu Sangui formed an alliance with the invading Manchus and opened the gates of the Great Wall of China at Shanhaiguan pass, letting the Manchus through toward the capital city of Beijing, leading to the foundation of the Qing dynasty.

360 years ago
1659


Politics and government
Richard Cromwell resigned as Lord Protector of England following the restoration of the Long Parliament, beginning a second brief period of the republican government called the Commonwealth of England.

210 years ago
1809


World events
The Chuquisaca Revolution against the Spanish Empire took place in Chuquisaca, Bolivia (modern day Sucre), sparking the Latin American wars of independence.

200 years ago
1819


Politics and government
The Argentine Constitution of 1819 was promulgated.

170 years ago
1849


Died on this date
Benjamin D'Urban, 71 or 72
. U.K. military officer and politician. Lieutenant General Sir Benjamin served with distinction in the Peninsular War against the French forces of Emperor Napoleon I, and then held various colonial offices beginning with Governor of Antigua (1819-1826). He also became Governor of Demerara-Essequibo in 1824, and oversaw its amalgamation with Berbice in 1831 to become British Guiana, which he governed until 1833. Lt. Gen. Sir Benjamin was Governor of Cape Colony (1834-1838), but was dismissed after complaints about the treatment of black South Africans. He remained there in a military capacity until 1846, and then accepted an appointment as commander of British forces in British North America, being based in Montreal from 1847 until his death. The city of Durban, South Africa is name in his honour.

140 years ago
1879


Born on this date
Max Aitken, Lord Beaverbrook, 85
. Canadian-born U.K. newspaper magnate and politician. Mr. Aitken, a native of Maple, Ontario, grew up in Newcastle, New Brunswick, and founded businesses such as Calgary Power before moving to England in 1910. He became involved in politics and became a newspaper tycoon as owner of the Daily Express, Sunday Express, and London Evening Standard. He was granted a peerage in 1917 as Lord Beaverbrook and served as a cabinet minister in governments in both world wars, becoming one of the most influential people in Great Britain. Lord Beaverbrook died on June 9, 1964, 15 days after his 85th birthday.

130 years ago
1889


Born on this date
Günther Lütjens
. German military officer. Admiral Lütjens joined the Reichsmarine in 1907, and served in both world wars. He was commanding the battleship Bismarck when it was sunk in combat against the British Royal Navy, and went down with the ship on May 27, 1941, two days after his 52nd birthday.

Igor Sikorsky. Russian-born U.S. aviator. Mr. Sikorsky designed and flew the Russky Vityaz--the world's first multi-engine fixed-wing aircraft--in 1913, and Ilya Muromets--the world's first airliner--in 1914. After coming to the U.S.A. in 1919, he pioneered flying boats in the 1930s and designed and flew the Vought-Sikorsky VS-300--the first viable American helicopter--in 1939. Mr. Sikorsky died on October 26, 1972 at the age of 83.

Baseball
At Recreation Park in Columbus, Ohio, Columbus Solons' first baseman Dave Orr was ejected by umpire Fred Goldsmith, but refused to leave the field. Mr. Goldsmith then forfeited the game to the visiting Brooklyn Bridegrooms. The teams refused to abide by the forfeit, and the game was eventually resumed with a substitute for Mr. Orr. The Bridegrooms won the American Association game 6-3.

120 years ago
1899


Horse racing
Jean Bereaud, with Richard Clawson up, won the 33rd running of the Belmont Stakes at Morris Park Racecourse in Morris Park, New York in a time of 2:23, a head ahead of Half Time, with Glengar finishing third in the four-horse field.

Baseball
Deacon Phillippe, in only his seventh major league game, threw a no-hitter as the Louisville Colonels defeated the New York Giants 7-0 at Eclipse Park in Louisville. The Colonels scored their 7 runs on just 4 hits off losing pitcher Ed Doheny.

110 years ago
1909


Born on this date
Alfred Kubel
. German politician. Mr. Kubel joined the left-wing Internationaler Sozialistischer Kampfbund in 1925, opposed the Nazis when they came to power in 1933, and served a year in prison in the late 1930s for high treason. He was drafted into the Volkssturm militia in 1944, but deserted. Mr. Kubel joined the Social Democratic Party, and was appointed Prime Minister of Braunschweig (Brunswick) by Allied occupation authorities in 1946, holding the office for several months until the region was absorbed into Lower Saxony. He held various cabinet-level offices in Lower Saxony in the 1950s and '60s, and was Minister President of Lower Saxony from 1970-1976. Mr. Kubel died on May 22, 1999, three days before his 90th birthday.

100 years ago
1919


Died on this date
Eliza Pollock, 78
. U.S. archer. Miss Pollock won a gold medal in the team round and bronze medals in the Double National and Double Columbia rounds at the 1904 Summer Olympic Games in St. Louis, and remains, at age 63 years 333 days, the oldest woman to win an Olympic gold medal.

Baseball
Chicago White Sox' center fielder Happy Felsch started a triple play in the top of the 8th inning, then the White Sox rallied for 3 runs in the bottom of the inning to beat Walter Johnson and the Washington Nationals 6-5 at Comiskey Park in Chicago.

75 years ago
1939


Defense
Molly Kool of Alma, Ontario became Canada's first woman sea captain; after receiving her ticket, Capt. Kool took command of the vessel Jean K, and worked the coastal trade throughout the Bay of Fundy until after World War II.

Football
NFL
Carl Storck was named President of the National Football League, succeeding Joe Carr, who had died five days earlier.

Baseball
Bob Feller pitched a 1-hitter to improve his 1939 record to 7-2, and third baseman Ken Keltner hit solo home runs in his last 3 at bats, as the Cleveland Indians beat the Boston Red Sox 11-0 before 5,600 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. The only Boston hit was a single in the 2nd inning by second baseman Bobby Doerr. Cleveland first baseman Hal Trosky batted 3 for 5 with a home run, 3 runs, and 4 runs batted in.

The Philadelphia Phillies withstood a 3-run 9th-inning rally as they defeated the Chicago Cubs 8-7 before 5,015 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Hugh "Losing Pitcher" Mulcahy allowed 7 hits and 7 earned runs in 8+ innings and managed to get the win; he helped his own cause by singling in a run and driving in another with a squeeze bunt.

75 years ago
1944


On the radio
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Donovan's Brain: Part Two, starring Orson Welles

On television tonight
WPTZ in Philadelphia presented an all-star telecast that was also seen in New York over WNBT, featuring cut-ins from their Rockefeller Center studios. One of the performers, Eddie Cantor, was told to cut his song We're Havin' a Baby, My Baby and Me because of its supposedly risqué lyrics. Mr. Cantor refused, but the sound was cut and the picture blurred during certain portions of the song in the first reported instance of censorship in television.

War
German paratroops and glider-borne infantry captured Marshal Josip Broz Tito's headquarters near Drvar, Bosnia; Marshal Tito and Randolph Churchill, son of U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill, escaped. Advance elements of U.S. forces linked the Anzio beachhead with the main front when they met in the vicinity of Borgo Grappa. On the main Italian front, U.S. and French troops took Sonnino and Roccasecca de Volsci, while Canadian units cleaned out Pontecorvo. Reports from Ankara indicated that German forces were taking over strategic points in Bulgaria. The Chinese city of Loyang, Honan Province, fell to Japanese forces after a 20-day battle.

Defense
The U.S. Army and Navy announced the creation of a committee to investigate proposals for unification of the armed forces and report to the Joint Chiefs of Staff. The board of managers of the U.S. National Congress of Parents and Teachers announced that the organization opposed the drafting of 17-year-olds.

70 years ago
1949


Died on this date
Simon Spoor, 47
. Dutch military officer. General Spoor was Chief of Staff of the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army and the Royal Dutch Army in the Dutch East Indies from 1946-1949, during the Indonesian Revolution, having emigrated to Australia during World War II in order to help the Allies after the capitulation of the Dutch East Indies high command to occupying Japanese forces in 1942. Gen. Spoor died suddenly, with some maintaining that he was poisoned.

War
Communist forces occupied Shanghai, China's largest city and chief port. Nationalist forces kept a toehold in the northern part of the city and an escape route to the Yangtze River port of Woosung.

Diplomacy
The U.S. State Department revealed that it had begun consultations with 13 Western nations on means of restricting the spread of Communism in Asia and forestalling "hasty recognition" of the Communist Chinese government.

Politics and government
Francis Matthews took office as U.S. Secretary of the Navy.

Religion
The Rabbinical Council of America ended a three-day meeting in Atlantic City after deciding that the Chief Rabbinate of Israel was now the central religious authority for all Jews.

The General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church U.S.A. ended a seven-day meeting in Buffalo after voting to reorganize into 12 synods based on population.

Science
Dr. Benjamin Pasamanik of Kings County Hospital in Brooklyn, New York received the $1,500 Lester Hofheimer Research Award for a study showing that Negroes had the same mental capacity as other races.

Economics and finance
The Argentine government ordered U.S. imports reduced to 25% of the 1947-1948 average due to a shortage of dollars.

60 years ago
1959


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Diana--Paul Anka (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Kansas City--Wilbert Harrison (2nd week at #1)
2 The Battle of New Orleans--Johnny Horton
3 Dream Lover--Bobby Darin
4 Sorry (I Ran All the Way Home)--The Impalas
5 Kookie, Kookie (Lend Me Your Comb)--Edward Byrnes & Connie Stevens
6 The Happy Organ--Dave "Baby" Cortez
7 A Teenager in Love--Dion and the Belmonts
8 Quiet Village--Martin Denny
9 Personality--Lloyd Price
10 Only You--Franck Pourcel's French Fiddles

Singles entering the chart were Bobby Sox to Stockings (#60)/A Boy Without a Girl (#63) by Frankie Avalon; I Must Be Dreaming by Nat "King" Cole (#75); What a Diff'rence a Day Makes by Dinah Washington (#77); Hushabye by the Mystics (#81); The Battle of New Orleans by Vaughn Monroe (#87); There is Something on Your Mind by Big Jay McNeely and Band (#89); Lonely Saturday Night by Don French (#92); Straight Flush by the Frantics (#96); and Waterloo by Stonewall Jackson (#98).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 The Battle of New Orleans--Johnny Horton (2nd week at #1)
2 Kansas City--Wilbert Harrison
3 Three Stars--Tommy Dee with Carol Kay and the Teen-Aires
4 Dream Lover--Bobby Darin
5 Enchanted--The Platters
6 (Now and Then There's) A Fool Such as I/I Need Your Love Tonight--Elvis Presley
7 Guitar Boogie Shuffle--The Virtues
8 Personality--Lloyd Price
9 Kookie, Kookie (Lend Me Your Comb)--Edward Byrnes & Connie Stevens
10 Tell Him No--Travis and Bob

Singles entering the chart were Along Came Jones by the Coasters (#34); Bongo Rock by Preston Epps (#35); Lonely Boy by Paul Anka (#46); The Wonder of You by Ray Peterson (#48); La Plume de Ma Tante by Hugo and Luigi (#49); The Class by Chubby Checker (#50); Tall Cool One by the Wailers (#53); Waterloo by Stonewall Jackson (#54); and Bobby Sox to Stockings/A Boy Without a Girl by Frankie Avalon (#55).

Defense
Canadian Prime Minister John Diefenbaker told the House of Commons that the U.S.-Canadian nuclear defense agreement provided for "the transfer at some future time to Canada of military reactors and any special nuclear materials required for them."

Protest
The Nationalist Chinese News Agency reported that 10,000 peasants had rioted and killed 80 Communist officials near Nanking.

Politics and government
Dissident Rhodesian Dominion Party members announced the formation of a Constitutional Development Party, dedicated to "separate development" of white and African areas of Southern Rhodesia on the model of South Africa.

Education
Little Rock voters ousted three segregationist school board members who had dismissed 44 teachers in the absence of a quorum.

Law
In a case brought by Negro light heavyweight boxer Joe Dorsey, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the 1958 ruling of the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals that Louisiana's ban on boxing matches between whites and Negroes, enacted in 1956, was unconstitutional.

Economics and finance
The United Nations released its 1958 World Economic Survey, showing that Communist economies were growing at a faster rate than those in the West.

50 years ago
1969


Died on this date
Jim Riley, 74
. Canadian-born U.S. hockey and baseball player. Mr. Riley, a native of Bayfield, New Brunswick, played with the Seattle Metropolitans of the Pacific Coast Hockey Association (1917-18, 1919-24), scoring 79 goals and 17 assists in 129 regular season games. He played in the National Hockey League with the Detroit Cougars (2 games) and Chicago Blackhawks (15 games) in 1926-27, scoring 2 assists in 17 games. He was an infielder in baseball with the St. Louis Browns (1921) and Washington Nationals (1923), batting .000 (0 for 14) with 3 bases on balls and 1 run in 6 games. He played at least 1,201 games in 11 seasons in the minor leagues from 1921-1932. Mr. Riley died on his 74th birthday.

World events
A group of middle-ranking military officers overthrew the Sudanese coalition government of Premier Mohammed Ahmed Mahgoub, replacing it with a 10-man junta headed by Col. Gafaar Mohamed al-Nimeiry and with Abubakr Awadallah as Premier and foreign minister. The junta dubbed the new regime a "democratic republic," and charged that the civilian government, which had replaced a military regime in 1964, had brought instability, corruption, and chaos to the country, and was soft on imperialism and Israel.

War
Nigeria said that it had staged raids on two Biafra airstrips in retaliation for Biafran attacks on Port Harcourt and Benin in the past several days.

Protest
Three newsmen and two Roman Catholic priests were among 18 arrested in Chicago after a small band of antiwar demonstrators pillaged the city’s largest draft board office, burning Selective Service records and dumping tar and paint in the files.

Baseball
Bob Gibson pitched a 6-hit shutout to improve his 1969 record to 6-2, and the St. Louis Cardinals tied a National League single-game record with just 1 assist, as they beat the Los Angeles Dodgers 4-0 before 28,362 fans at Dodger Stadium. The Cardinals' only assist came on their first putout of the game, when second baseman Julian Javier threw to shortstop Dal Maxvill to force out Wes Parker at second base.

The Pittsburgh Pirates swept a doubleheader from the San Francisco Giants before 24,041 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Jim Bunning struck out 8 in getting his 200th career major league victory in the first game, 2-1 over Gaylord Perry, with both men pitching 5-hitters. Bill Mazeroski and Carl Taylor hit home runs in the second game as the Pirates won 6-2. For Mr. Taylor, it was his first major league home run. Bob Moose was the winning pitcher over Ray Sadecki.

Nate Colbert hit a grand slam and Ollie Brown and Al Ferrara also homered for the San Diego Padres as they beat the Chicago Cubs 10-2 in the first game of a doubleheader before 13,115 fans at San Diego Stadium. Ron Santo led off the top of the 9th inning with a home run for the only score as the Cubs won the second game 1-0. Bill Hands allowed 2 hits in 6 innings before Ted Abernathy pitched 3 innings, allowing 1 hit to get the win, improving his record for the season to 4-0. Losing pitcher Joe Niekro pitched a 6-hit complete game. Sonny Ruberto made his major league debut at catcher for San Diego in the second game, batting 1 for 3, and making 5 putouts and participating in a double play.

Bob Oliver led off the top of the 12th inning with a triple and Ellie Rodriguez followed with a double to break a 2-2 tie as the Kansas City Royals edged the Washington Senators 3-2 before 24,015 fans at Robert F. Kennedy Stadium in Washington.

The Minnesota Twins swept a doubleheader from the New York Yankees 2-1 and 3-2 before 57,445 fans at Yankee Stadium. Dave Boswell pitched a 3-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Fritz Peterson in the first game, while Dick Woodson allowed 4 hits in 8+ innings to win the second game over Stan Bahnsen. Johnny Ellis singled home 2 runs with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning of the second game, but Frank Fernandez struck out and Tom Tresh grounded out to third base to end the game.

George Scott's solo home run in the 5th inning provided all the scoring as the Boston Red Sox edged the Chicago White Sox 1-0 before 7,110 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Jim Lonborg allowed 4 hits in 7 innings to improve his 1969 record to 3-0, while Tommy John allowed just 2 hits in 7 innings in taking the loss.

40 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Hallelujah--Milk & Honey (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Born to Be Alive--Patrick Hernandez (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): In the Navy--Village People (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
John Spenkelink, 30
. U.S. criminal. Mr. Spenkelink was executed in "Old Sparky," the electric chair at Florida State Prison, three years after being convicted of the 1973 murder of small-time criminal Joseph Szymankiewicz. Mr. Spenkelink was the first person to be executed in the United States in two years, and the first since 1967 to be executed against his will. The United States Supreme Court refused six times to delay Mr. Spenkelink’s execution.

Disasters
In the worst disaster in U.S. aviation history, an American Airlines jetliner lost its left engine and crashed shortly after takeoff from Chicago’s O’Hare International Airport, killing all 272 people aboard and 3 on the ground. Flight 191, bound for Los Angeles, rose from the runway, lost the engine on its left wing, achieved about 500 feet of elevation, rolled to the left, and plunged into the ground about ¼ mile from the end of the runway. The plane exploded on contact and burned for hours.

Diplomacy
Israel returned the Sinai capital of El Arish to Egypt after 12 years of occupation as negotiations between Egypt and Israel formally opened at Beersheba, almost two months after the countries signed a peace treaty. The talks were to decide on the nature of Palestinian autonomy in the occupied territories and what methods would be used in the elections of West Bank and Gaza Strip authorities.

Law
Manitoba's Court of Appeal ruled that an 1890 provincial law barring French in the legislature, courts and schools, was invalid; the Manitoba government began up-to-date translation of laws.

Economics and finance
British Agriculture Minister Peter Walker announced that the price of milk would be rising by more than 10% to 15p per pint at the beginning of June. The rise was far more than expected, and meant that the price of milk was now three times the price of five years earlier. Mr. Walker blamed the size of the increase on pre-election delays by his predecessor, John Silkin.

Baseball
In a trade of two of the greatest pitchers in all recorded history, the Atlanta Braves traded Frank LaCorte, who had a career record at the time of 4 wins and 24 losses, to the Houston Astros for Bo McLaughlin, whose career record at the time was 9-15.

Joel Youngblood of the New York Mets led off the bottom of the 11th inning with a routine fly ball, but Pittsburgh Pirates' left fielder Bill Robinson lost sight of the ball in dense fog, and it went for a triple. The umpires then stopped the game, and after a 78-minute delay, called the game before 6,611 fans at Shea Stadium in New York, and it ended in a 3-3 tie. The Mets had tied the game with 2 runs in the 9th.

Lynn McGlothen allowed 4 hits in 8+ innings to win the pitching matchup with Nino Espinosa as the Chicago Cubs shut out the Philadelphia Phillies 3-0 before 34,456 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia. Barry Foote hit a 2-run home run in the 4th inning.

The Atlanta Braves hit 2 home runs in the top of the 4th inning, only to have the San Francisco Giants hit 3 in the bottom of the inning, tying a major league record. The Giants won 6-4 before 11,117 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco.

Seven different Los Angeles Dodgers, including rookie pitcher Rick Sutcliffe, hit home runs as the Dodgers hammered the Cincinnati Reds 17-6 before 49,372 fans at Dodger Stadium. Mr. Sutcliffe's blow came against losing pitcher Tom Seaver, who allowed 10 hits and 7 runs--all earned--in 2+ innings.

Gene Richards was hit by a pitch to lead off the bottom of the 10th inning and scored on a sacrifice fly by Dan Briggs to give the San Diego Padres a 2-1 win over the Houston Astros before 15,289 fans at San Diego Stadium.

30 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Finnish Singles Chart): The Look--Roxette (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I Shall Never Pass This Way Again--Various Artists (2nd week at #1)

Politics and government
Mikhail Gorbachev was elected President of the Soviet Union by the new Soviet parliament, the Congress of People’s Deputies. Some 2,250 deputies, most of them chosen in elections by the citizenry, attended the first session in the Kremlin. Most were supporters of the Communist party, but some 400 were radical reformers and ethnic nationalists. Before the presidential vote, many deputies, while endorsing Mr. Gorbachev, complained about economic conditions and the lack of progress under perestroika (restructuring). In a secret ballot, Mr. Gorbachev received 95.6% of the vote.

Scandal
In Toronto, Dr. Jamie Astaphan, personal physician to disgraced Canadian sprinter Ben Johnson, took the stand at the Dubin Inquiry into drug use in amateur sport, and admitted giving steroids to Mr. Johnson.

Global Television reporter Doug Small leaked details of Canadian Finance Minister Michael Wilson's budget; after the opposition parties rejected Mr. Wilson's request for an evening sitting of the House of Commons, he was forced to announce the budget highlights at a news conference.

Former United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Samuel Pierce, testifying before a House of Representatives subcommittee investigating the payment of millions of dollars in consulting fees paid by HUD to former federal officials and other prominent Republicans, acknowledged that he had been lobbied by former officials, and that he had asked his staff to give "careful consideration" to certain projects, but he denied that any projects had received special treatment.

Economics and finance
U.S. President George Bush named Japan, Brazil, and India as unfair trading partners. He acted under a provision of the 1988 Trade Act. Japan was cited for restricting purchases of satellites, superconductors, and forest products. Reportedly, the others were named to avoid Japan being singled out. Under the law, if the three countries failed to eliminate the unfair practices within 18 months, they would be subject to U.S. trade retaliation.

The United States Commerce Department revised downward its calculation of the growth of the gross national product during the first quarter of 1989. The new figure, 4.3% compared with the previous 5.5%, was welcomed by the Bush administration and many economists, who believed that tightening of credit by the Federal Reserve would control inflation and slow the economy without causing a recession.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Calgary 4 @ Montreal 2 (Calgary won best-of-seven series 4-2)

Lanny McDonald scored the second Calgary goal in the final game of his 16-year NHL career--and his only goal of the 1989 playoffs--and Doug Gilmour scored twice in the 3rd period as the Flames became the first team to defeat the Canadiens on home ice to win the Stanley Cup, at the Montreal Forum. Calgary's Al MacInnis, with 31 points, became the first defenseman to lead the playoffs in scoring, and was awarded the Conn Smythe Trophy as the playoffs' most valuable player. The championship was the first for the Flames in their 17-year history, and they haven't come close to winning the Stanley Cup since then. The series remains the most recent Stanley Cup final series to be played between Canadian teams.



Baseball
The Seattle Mariners traded pitcher Mark Langston to the Montreal Expos for pitchers Randy Johnson, Brian Holman, and Gene Harris. The trade turned out to be a disaster for the Expos, since Mr. Johnson went on to become one of the game's dominant pitchers with the Mariners, while Mr. Langston signed with the California Angels as a free agent after the 1989 season.

25 years ago
1994


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference Finals
New York Rangers 4 @ New Jersey 2 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

Mark Messier scored 3 goals as the Rangers came from behind to defeat the Devils at Brendan Byrne Arena in East Rutherford.

20 years ago
1999


Scandal
A select committee of the United States House of Representatives, in a largely unclassified version of its report on Chinese espionage, asserted that China had stolen information on the most advanced American nuclear weapons. The Cox Report said that Chinese data thefts had continued since the 1970s and had included information about every U.S. nuclear warhead currently employed, and that Hughes Space and Communications International and Loral Space & Communications Ltd. had transferred "missile design information" to China without obtaining required licenses.

Kenneth Starr, the independent counsel investigating the activities of President Bill Clinton and first lady Hillary Clinton in the Whitewater Development Corporation, dropped pending charges against Susan McDougal, a former partner of the Clintons in Whitewater. A jury deadlocked on those charges, producing a mistrial. Mr. Starr also dropped charges of obstruction of justice and making false statements against Julia Hiatt Steele. Ms. Steele had confirmed, then contradicted, the story of Kathleen Willey, who accused Mr. Clinton of making an unwanted advance to her in the White House in 1993.

Crime
New York City police officer Justin Volpe pleaded guilty to six federal charges connected with torturing and sodomizing Haitian immigrant Abner Louima with a stick in a stationhouse restroom following Mr. Louima's arrest in a nighclub brawl.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference
Finals
Toronto 6 Buffalo 3

10 years ago
2009


Defense
North Korea conducted a nuclear test and several other missile tests that were widely condemned by the international community, and led to sanctions from the United Nations Security Council.