Saturday, 31 October 2020

October 31, 2020

160 years ago
1860


Born on this date
Juliette Gordon Low
. U.S. social activist. Mrs. Low founded the Girl Scouts of the U.S.A. in 1915, four years after forming a group of Girl Guides in Scotland. She died of breast cancer on January 17, 1927 at the age of 66.

Andrew Volstead. U.S. politician. Mr. Volstead, a Republican, was Mayor of Granite Falls, Minnesota (1900-1902) before representing Minnesota's 7th District in the U.S. House of Representatives (1903-1923). He was chairman of the House Judiciary Committee (1919-1923), and sponsored the bill that became the National Prohibition Act of 1919--usually called the Volstead Act--which was the legislation enabling the enforcement of the prohibition of the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcohol, which went into effect in 1920. Mr. Volstead was defeated in his bid for re-election in 1922, and returned to the practice of law. He died on January 20, 1947 at the age of 86.

140 years ago
1880


Born on this date
Mikhail Tomsky
. U.S.S.R. labour leader and politician. Mr. Tomsky was a factory worker who joined the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party in 1904, and eventually joined the Bolshevik faction of the party. He was elected to the Central Committee of the Communist Party in 1919, and to the Politburo in 1922. Mr. Tomsky was General Secretary of the International Trade Union Council (1920-1921); Secretary of the Central Executive Committee of the All-Russian Congress of Soviets (1921-1922); and Chairman of the Presidium of the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions (1922-1929). When Josef Stalin decided to move against his potential rivals within the party, Mr. Tomsky was demoted, serving as head of the State Publishing House (1932-1936). He was accused of having terrorist connections, and committed suicide by shootng himself on August 22, 1936 at the age of 55 rather than face arrest by the secret police force NKVD.

Julia Peterkin. U.S. authoress. Miss Peterkin wrote novels and short stories about her native South Carolina; she wrote several novels about the Gullah people, and was one of the few white writers who wrote about the Negro American experience. Her novel Scarlet Sister Mary (1928) won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. Miss Peterkin died on August 10, 1961 at the age of 80.

125 years ago
1895


Born on this date
Les Darcy
. Australian boxer. Mr. Darcy compiled a professional record of 52-4 from 1910-1916, winning the Australian version of the world middleweight title in 1915 and the Australian heavyweight title in 1916. He moved to the United States during World War I in order to avoid the debate over conscription in Australia, but died on May 24, 1917 at the age of 21 from septicemia and complications from dental work that he had received to replace teeth that had been knocked out during a bout.

Basil Liddell Hart. French-born U.K. historian and strategist. Sir Basil, born in Paris to English parents, served as a British Army captain during World War I, and remained in the service until 1927. He was known for his influential military history books from the 1920s onward, in which he argued against the use of frontal assault and in favour of the "indirect approach" and reliance on fast-moving armoured formations. Sir Basil's ideas were influential not only in Britain, but in the United States, Australia, and other countries. He died on January 29, 1970 at the age of 74.

110 years ago
1910


Football
CRU
ORFU
St. Michael's College (2-2) 7 @ Dundas (3-1) 22

Canadian intercollegiate
University of Alberta 13 @ Western Canada College 28

WCC led 12-0 at halftime, withstood a 7-point rally by U of A in the 3rd quarter, and held on for victory in Calgary.

100 years ago
1920


Born on this date
Dick Francis
. U.K. jockey and author. Mr. Francis, a native of Wales, was a steeplechase jockey in the 1950s, winning 350 races before his retirement in 1957. He wrote over 50 mystery novels, all set in the milieu of horse racing. Mr. Francis won several awards for his novels, and died at his home on Grand Cayman Island on February 14, 2010 at the age of 89, after years of declining health.

Died on this date
Alphonse Desjardins, 65
. Canadian financier. Mr. Desjardins, a native of Lévis, Quebec, co-founded Caisses Populaires Desjardins, the forerunner of today's credit unions, in 1900. He personally founded about 150 caisses populaires, but died after a long battle with uremia before his desire to unite all of Quebec's caisses populaires could be realized.

Medicine
Hours after preparing for a lecture on carbohydrate metabolism at the University of Western Ontario, Dr. Frederick Banting woke up in the middle of the night, devising the idea that led to the discovery of insulin for the treatment of diabetes. Just before retiring the previous evening, Dr. Banting had read an article in the November issue of Surgery, Gynaecology and Obstetrics titled The Relation of the Islets of Langerhans to Diabetes with Special Reference to Cases of Pancreatic Lithiasis, and he pondered the article while trying to get to sleep.

Football
APFA
Rochester (3-1-1) 6 @ Buffalo (5-0) 17
Akron (5-0) 10 @ Canton (3-1-1) 0
Columbus (0-5) 0 @ Cleveland (1-2-1) 7
Chicago Tigers (1-2-1) 7 @ Rock Island (5-1) 20
Detroit (2-2) 0 @ Chicago Cardinals (2-1-1) 21
Cincinnati 7 @ Dayton (3-0-2) 23
Decatur (5-0) 29 @ Rockford 0
Hammond (1-2) 14 @ Logan Square 9

Wisconsin professional
Beloit Fairies 0 @ Green Bay (5-0-1) 7

80 years ago
1940


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Till the Lights of London Shine Again--The Joe Loss Orchestra (3rd month at #1)

On the radio



War
The most intense phase of the Battle of Britain ended, with the United Kingdom preventing a possible German invasion. Japanese troops abandoned the whole province of Kwangsi in southern China. Indian politician Jawaharlal Nehru was arrested and charged with violating the Defense of India Rules by making speeches intended to hinder prosecution of the war.

Politics and government
French Vice-Premier Pierre Laval declared that democracy was dead all over the world, and expressed hope for Britain's defeat in the European war.

Mrs. Earl Browder, wife of the Communist Party's 1940 candidate for President of the United States, was ordered by U.S. Attorney General Robert Jackson to be deported to the U.S.S.R. because of her "surreptitious entry" into the U.S.A. in 1933.

Defense
U.S. Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau disclosed that the United Kingdom had ordered "a large number" of freighters from United States shipyards to offset losses from German U-boat attacks.

Movies
The Hollywood film industry pledged its entire facilities to the United States Army for the production of movies to be used in training draftees.

Medicine
Sulfaguanidine, a derivative of sulfanilamide devised by Dr. E. Kennerly Marshall, was announced as a cure for bacterial dysentery, a common ailment among troops in the tropics.

Dedicating the $4-million National Health Institute in Bethesda, Maryland, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt said that the government did not intend to socialize medical practice.

75 years ago
1945


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Don't Fence Me In--Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters (2nd month at #1)

At the movies
Spellbound, directed by Alfred Hitchcock, and starring Ingrid Bergman, Gregory Peck, and Leo G. Carroll, received its premiere screening in New York City.





War
Yen Hsi-shan, Governor General of the Chinese province of Shansi, reported that 100,000 Chinese Communist troops were attacking Tatun.

Reports from Moscow indicated that the Soviet Union wanted Italy to pay $300 million in reparations, with one-third going to the U.S.S.R. and the rest to Greece, Yugoslavia, and Albania.

Diplomacy
In a major foreign policy address, U.S. Secretary of State James Byrnes said that he recognized the U.S.S.R.'s special interests in eastern and central Europe, but that in a world divided "into spheres of exclusive influence" is more dangerous than national isolation. U.S. President Harry Truman reported that Soviet dictator Josef Stalin had informed him of the U.S.S.R.'s willingness to join the Far Eastern Advisory Commission meeting in Washington.

Politics and government
Venezuelan provisional President Romulo Betancourt promised free elections in six months for a new president and National Assembly to rewrite the nation's constitution.

The new Brazilian government of President Jose Linhares pledged to eliminate all traces of the previous "dictatorship." General Getulio Vargas, who had resigned as President two days earlier, left Rio de Janeiro by plane for his ranch, promising to "harbour no hatred or personal animosities."

In his third report as military governor, U.S. Army General Dwight Eisenhower stated that the terms of the Potsdam Declaration were being carried out in the American zone of Germany.

Education
Allied headquarters ordered the Japanese Education Ministry to investigate 400,000 teachers in 39,000 schools and to eliminate all militarists.

Academia
Booker T. Washington became the first Negro elected to the New York University Hall of Fame. Also chosen were U.S. Revolutionary War figure Thomas Paine; U.S. Army doctor Walter Reed; and Southern poet Sidney Lanier.

Labour
U.S. President Harry Truman said that no maximum percentage for wage increases could be set on a nationwide or industry-wide basis. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported 550 strikes and lockouts in September involving 455,000 workers and 3,650,000 man-days of idleness.

The International Labor Organization banned Argentine representative Juan Rodriguez and his adviser Manuel Pichel because their government was deemed fascist.

Football
CRU
WIFU
Semi-Finals Calgary 3 @ Regina 1 (First game of 2-game total points series

This was the first game for the recently-formed Calgary team under the name Stampeders.

70 years ago
1950


On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Halloween Hold-Up, starring Edward Binns, Frank Campanella, Robert H. Harris, and Conrad Janis

Oil
The first leg of the 1,100-mile interprovincial pipeline to take crude oil from Edmonton to Lake Superior was completed. The line reached Sarnia, Ontario in 1953, Toronto in 1958, and Montréal, in 1976, reducing eastern Canada's dependence on imported crude oil; the system was the largest in the Western hemisphere.

Basketball
NBA
Washington (0-1) 70 @ Rochester (1-0) 78

The Royals took a 25-12 lead after the 1st quarter and coasted to victory over the Capitols at Edgerton Park Arena in Rochester. Arnie Risen led Rochester with 20 points, while Fred Scolari led Washington scorers with 18 points. Earl Lloyd, a forward drafted from West Virginia State University, became the first Negro player to appear in a National Basketball Association game when he made his debut with the Capitols, scoring 6 points and making 5 assists.

50 years ago
1960


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): It's Now or Never--Elvis Presley (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Tu t'laisses aller--Charles Aznavour (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Save the Last Dance for Me--The Drifters
2 I Want to Be Wanted--Brenda Lee
3 My Heart Has a Mind of its Own--Connie Francis
4 The Twist--Chubby Checker
5 Chain Gang--Sam Cooke
6 You Talk Too Much--Joe Jones
7 Devil or Angel--Bobby Vee
8 Let's Think About Living--Bob Luman
9 Poetry in Motion--Johnny Tillotson
10 Georgia on My Mind--Ray Charles

Singles entering the chart were He Will Break Your Heart by Jerry Butler (#63); Perfidia by the Ventures (#78); Natural Born Lover by Fats Domino (#86); Like Strangers by the Everly Brothers (#88); Whole Lotta Shakin' Going On by Conway Twitty (#93); You're Sixteen by Johnny Burnette (#94); Ruby Duby Du by Tobin Matthes & Co. (#95); Irresistable You by Bobby Peterson (#96); Ruby Duby Du from Key Witness by Charles Wolcott (#97); Once in Awhile by the Chimes (#98); Kissin' and Twistin' by Fabian (#99); and The Green Leaves of Summer by the Brothers Four (#100). Natural Born Lover was the A-side of My Girl Josephine, charting at #52.

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 Poetry in Motion--Johnny Tillotson (3rd week at #1)
2 Sailor (Your Home is the Sea)--Lolita
3 North to Alaska--Johnny Horton
4 Hushaby Little Guitar--Paul Evans
5 China Doll--Bobby Swanson
6 You're Sixteen--Johnny Burnette
7 Wait for Me--The Playmates
8 Save the Last Dance for Me--The Drifters
9 You Talk Too Much--Joe Jones
10 Blue Angel--Roy Orbison

Singles entering the chart were Dear John by Pat Boone (#15, charting with its other side, Alabam); X-15 by Johnny Bond (#45); Like Strangers by the Everly Brothers (#48); True Love Can Be by Ron Holden (#51); My Girl Josephine by Fats Domino (#53); Let's Go, Let's Go, Let's Go by Hank Ballard and the Midnighters (#55); Am I Losing You by Jim Reeves (#58); Stay by Maurice Williams and the Zodiacs (#59); and The Sundowners by Felix Slatkin (#60).

Died on this date
H. L. Davis, 66
. U.S. author and poet. Harold Lenoir Davis wrote collections of poems, but was better known for his novels and short stories. His first novel, Honey in the Horn (1935) won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. Mr. Davis died of a heart attack, 13 days after his 66th birthday.

50 years ago
1970

Hit parade

#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Brown Eyes--Chris Andrews (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Lady D'Arbanville--Cat Stevens (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): In the Summertime--Mungo Jerry (5th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): A Song of Joy--Miguel Ríos (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Woodstock--Matthews Southern Comfort

Australia's Top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Yellow River--Autumn
--Jigsaw
--Christie
--Leapy Lee
2 In the Summertime--Mungo Jerry
--The Mixtures
3 (They Long to Be) Close to You--Carpenters
4 Spill the Wine--Eric Burdon and War
5 Lookin' Out My Back Door/Long as I Can See the Light--Creedence Clearwater Revival
6 El Condor Pasa--Simon & Garfunkel
7 Big Yellow Taxi--Joni Mitchell
8 Make it with You--Bread
9 Old Man Emu--John Williamson
10 25 or 6 to 4--Chicago

Singles entering the chart were Burning Bridges by the Mike Curb Congregation (#50); Little Bit Late by Lewie Wickham (#54); Melody Man by Petula Clark (#56); Marry Me by Ron Lowery (#59); and Hand Me Down World by the Guess Who (#60).

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 To My Father's House--The Les Humphries Singers (3rd week at #1)
2 Paranoid--Black Sabbath
3 Where Have I Been Wrong--The Cats
4 My Way--Samantha Jones
5 Wild World--Jimmy Cliff
6 Peace Will Come--Melanie
7 Lola--The Kinks
8 I Won't Stand Between Them--Bonnie St. Claire
9 Back Home--Golden Earring
10 The Tears of a Clown--Smokey Robinson & Miracles

Singles entering the chart were See Me, Feel Me by the Who (#22); God, Love and Rock & Roll by Teegarden & Van Winkle (#35); Soul Sacrifice by Santana (#39); and Roly Poly by Stamford Bridge (#40).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 I'll Be There--The Jackson 5 (3rd week at #1)
2 We've Only Just Begun--Carpenters
3 Fire and Rain--James Taylor
4 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond
5 Green-Eyed Lady--Sugarloaf
6 All Right Now--Free
7 Indiana Wants Me--R. Dean Taylor
8 Candida--Dawn
9 Lola--The Kinks
10 It's Only Make Believe--Glen Campbell

Singles entering the chart were No Matter What by Badfinger (#79); I Just Don't Know What to Do with Myself by Gary Puckett (#85); Big Leg Woman (With a Short Short Mini Skirt) by Israel "Popper Stopper" Tolbert (#88); Thank God and Greyhound by Roy Clark (#93); Stoney End by Barbra Streisand (#95); That's the Way I Want Our Love by Joe Simon (#96); Amos Moses by Jerry Reed (#97); Chains and Things by B.B. King (#98); Spirit in the Sky by Dorothy Morrison (#99); and One Light Two Lights by the Satisfactions (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I'll Be There--The Jackson 5 (2nd week at #1)
2 We've Only Just Begun--Carpenters
3 All Right Now--Free
4 Indiana Wants Me--R. Dean Taylor
5 Green-Eyed Lady--Sugarloaf
6 Fire and Rain--James Taylor
7 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond
8 Lola--The Kinks
9 Somebody's Been Sleeping--100 Proof Aged in Soul
10 Look What They've Done to My Song Ma--The New Seekers

Singles entering the chart were Only Love Can Break Your Heart by Neil Young (#65); Be My Baby by Andy Kim (#73); Stoned Love by the Supremes (#84); Groove Me by King Floyd (#85); Sunset Strip by Ray Stevens (#89); Valley to Pray by Arlo Guthrie (#92); Hum Along and Dance by the Temptations (#93); Mr. Bojangles by the Nitty Gritty Dirt Band (#95); It's Impossible by Perry Como (#96); I Can't Believe that You've Stopped Loving Me by Charley Pride (#98); and Easy Rider (Let the Wind Pay the Way) by Iron Butterfly (#99). Hum Along and Dance was the B-side of Ungena za Ulimwengu (Unite the World), charting at #48.

U.S.A. Top 10 (Record World)
1 I'll Be There--The Jackson 5 (3rd week at #1)
2 We've Only Just Begun--Carpenters
3 Green-Eyed Lady--Sugarloaf
4 All Right Now--Free
5 Indiana Wants Me--R. Dean Taylor
6 Fire and Rain--James Taylor
7 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond
8 Look What They've Done to My Song Ma--The New Seekers
9 Lola--The Kinks
10 It's Only Make Believe--Glen Campbell

Singles entering the chart included Stoned Love by the Supremes (#84); It's All in Your Mind by Clarence Carter (#91); Be My Baby by Andy Kim (#92); Stand by Me by David & Jimmy Ruffin (#93); Beaucoups of Blues by Ringo Starr (#95); I Can't Believe that You've Stopped Loving Me by Charley Pride (#96); Ten Pound Note by Steel River (#97); Valley to Pray by Arlo Guthrie (#98); and This is My Love Song by the Intruders (#100).

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Green-Eyed Lady--Sugarloaf
2 Lola--The Kinks
3 Look What They've Done to My Song Ma--The New Seekers
4 El Condor Pasa--Simon & Garfunkel
5 All Right Now--Free
6 It's Only Make Believe--Glen Campbell
7 We've Only Just Begun--Carpenters
8 God, Love and Rock & Roll (We Believe)--Teegarden & Van Winkle 9 Out in the Country--Three Dog Night
10 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond

Singles entering the chart were Fly Litte White Dove, Fly by the Bells (#56); Comin' Round by the Poor Souls (#76); Ivy in Her Eyes by the Mongrels (#77); Beaucoups of Blues by Ringo Starr (#89); After Midnight by Eric Clapton (#93); Lucy by Crabby Appleton (#95); Simply Call it Love by Gene Chandler (#96); Valley to Pray by Arlo Guthrie (#97); and Heaven Help Us All by Stevie Wonder (#100).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond (4th week at #1)
2 Lola--The Kinks
3 I'll Be There--The Jackson 5
4 Green-Eyed Lady--Sugarloaf
5 El Condor Pasa--Simon & Garfunkel
6 We've Only Just Begun--Carpenters
7 Montego Bay--Bobby Bloom
8 Yankee Lady--Jesse Winchester
9 The Circle Game--Buffy Sainte-Marie
10 It's Only Make Believe--Glen Campbell
Pick hit of the week: Lucretia MacEvil--Blood, Sweat & Tears

Society
At an airport rally in Phoenix two days after his motorcade in San Jose, California had been pelted with rocks and eggs by youths, U.S. President Richard Nixon described the rock-throwers as "1,000 haters," and said that "appeasement" of violence was the reason why "thugs and hoodlums" had gained such prominence in American society.

War
24 U.S. soldiers in Vietnam were listed as killed during the past week as B-52s were bombing the Ho Chi Minh Trail daily.

Politics and government
Julius Nyerere was re-elected to a second five-year term as President of Tanzania, receiving 96.7% of the vote. All but 15 members of tehe 106-seat National Assembly were re-elected.

South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu, addressing a joint session of the National Assembly, said that he would never accept a coalition government, and vowed to oust Communists from his country even after the end of the Vietnam War.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (4-10) 17 @ Toronto (8-6) 19

Don Jonas kicked an 18-yard field goal with 6 seconds remaining in the game to win the game and clinch second place in the Eastern Football Conference for the Argonauts. The game was dominated by the defenses, who scored or set up all the touchdowns. Toronto’s only touchdown came on a 34-yard interception return by Chip Barrett in the 2nd quarter. Mr. Jonas converted and added a 24-yard field goal. Dave Mann punted for 4 singles, and the Argonauts scored a safety touch in the 2nd quarter when Ottawa punter Bill Van Burkleo conceded. Quarterback Gary Wood passed 1 yard to Hugh Oldham in the 3rd quarter for the first Ottawa touchdown, which was set up by linebacker Dan Dever’s 83-yard return of an interception of a Tom Wilkinson pass. The Rough Riders took a 17-15 lead early in the 4th quarter when Mr. Van Burkleo intercepted a pass from Mr. Jonas and returned it 57 yards for a touchdown. Ivan MacMillan converted both Ottawa major scores. Defensive end Wayne Smith tackled Mr. Wilkinson in the Toronto end zone for a safety touch in the 2nd quarter, and Mr. Van Burkleo punted for a single in the 3rd. The winning field goal was set up when Mr. Wilkinson pitched out to receiver Jim Henderson, who completed a pass to running back Bill Symons for a 42-yard gain. The usual sellout crowd of 33,135 attended the game at CNE Stadium despite rainy weather. It was the 11th time in 14 games that the Rough Riders had played on a muddy field. The game marked the end of several Rough Rider careers, including Hall of Fame running back Ron Stewart (13 seasons) and defensive end Billy Joe Booth (9 seasons).

CIAU
Manitoba (6-1) 32 @ Alberta (4-3) 14

The Bisons outrushed the Golden Bears 393-17 on a frozen field as they clinched their third straight Western Canada title before 5,000 fans at Varsity Stadium in Edmonton.

CIAU-NAIA
Exhibition
Shrum Bowl @ Empire Stadium, Vancouver
Simon Fraser 61 British Columbia 6

Dave Syme completed 17 of 24 passes for 254 yards and rused 24 yards for a touchdown to lead the Clansmen over the Thunderbirds. Simon Fraser rolled up a 40-0 haltime lead.

Baseball
Nippon Series
Yomiuri Giants 5 @ Lotte Orions 3 (Yomiuri led best-of-seven series 3-0)

40 years ago
1980


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Upside Down--Diana Ross (5th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Amoureux solitaires (Dis-moi que tu m'aimes)--Lio (3rd week at #1)

South Africa's Top 10 (Springbok Radio)
1 The Winner Takes it All--ABBA (2nd week at #1)
2 Upside Down--Diana Ross
3 Fame--Irene Cara
4 Emotional Rescue--The Rolling Stones
5 Can't Stop the Music--Village People
6 Man on the Moon--Ballyhoo
7 D.I.S.C.O.--Ottawan
8 Little Jeannie--Elton John
9 Magic--Olivia Newton-John
10 Samantha--David London

Singles entering the chart were The Wanderer by Donna Summer (#18); and Late at Night by Maywood (#20).

30 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): I've Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat (4th week at #1)

Business
General Motors reported its greatest quarterly loss ever, $1.98 billion. GM announced that it would close four assembly plants permanently and said that five other plants might be closed.

25 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy: Boombastic--Shaggy (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Alan Bush, 94
. U.K. composer. Mr. Bush wrote four symphonies, and numerous chamber, piano, choral, and piano works, as well as compositions for stage and screen. He was a member of the Labour Party before joining the Communist Party in 1935, and used his music to promote Marxism and Communism, resulting in his works being banned for many years.

Rosalind Cash, 56. U.S. actress. Miss Cash appeared in various movies and television programs, but was best known for her co-starring role in the movie The Omega Man (1971). She died of cancer.

Politics and government
Jacques Parizeau announced his resignation at year end as Premier of Québec, leader of the Parti québécois, and MNA for L'Assomption, the day after his Yes side narrowly lost the Québec sovereignty referendum. Mr. Parizeau attracted heavy criticism for blaming the narrow defeat of the referendum on Anglophones and Jews; his influence had been eclipsed by the entry of Lucien Bouchard into the sovereigntist ranks.

Economics and finance
Canada's dollar and stock exchanges soared while interest rates fell after the No side narrowly won the Québec referendum.

Education
The Newfoundland government of Premier Brian Tobin passed a proposed constitutional amendment to reform the province's school system, doing away with the existing system based on religious denominations.

20 years ago
2000


Died on this date
Ring Lardner, Jr., 85
. U.S. screenwriter. Mr. Lardner, the son of famed sportswriter Ring Lardner, won Academy Awards for his screenplays for Woman of the Year (1942) and MASH (1970). He joined the Communist Party in 1936 and was blacklisted by Hollywood studios from 1947-1965 as a member of the "Hollywood Ten."

Space
Soyuz TM-31, with Russian cosmonauts Yuri Gidzenko (Commander) and Sergei Krikalev (Flight Engineer) and U.S. Navy Captain William Shepherd (Flight Engineer) aboard, launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan to the International Space Station to become the first residents of the $60-billion structure orbiting 240 miles above Earth. The station was a joint project of the United States, Russia, Canada, Brazil, Japan, and 11 European countries, but was paid for mainly by the United States. Mr. Gidzenko commanded Soyuz TM-31, but when the spacecraft docked with the space station two days later, the mission became Expedition 1, with Capt. Shepherd as Commander.



Disasters
Singapore Airlines Flight 006, a Boeing 747-412 jetliner en route from Singapore to Los Angeles via Taipei, crashed on takeoff from the wrong runway at Chiang Kai-shek International Airport in Taipei during a typhoon, killing 83 of the 179 people on board.

10 years ago
2010


Died on this date
Ted Sorensen, 82
. U.S. lawyer. Mr. Sorensen became U.S. Senator John F. Kennedy's chief legislative aide in 1953, and remained with him, serving as White House Counsel and speechwriter through Mr. Kennedy's presidency. After President Kennedy's assassination on November 22, 1963, Mr. Sorensen performed the same duties for President Lyndon Johnson through the end of February 1964. He then returned to the practice of law and advocated for liberal causes, and was a member of liberal and globalist institutions. Mr. Sorensen died several days after suffering a stroke.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (9-8) 17 @ British Columbia (7-10) 23



Baseball
World Series
San Francisco Giants 4 @ Texas Rangers 0 (San Francisco led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Madison Bumgarner (1-0) allowed 3 hits in 8 innings and Aubrey Huff provided the necessary scoring with a 2-run home run with 1 out in the top of the 3rd inning as the Giants shut out the Rangers before 51,920 fans at Rangers Ballpark in Arlington.



Nippon Series
Chiba Lotte Marines 1 @ Chunichi Dragons 12 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)



Friday, 30 October 2020

October 30, 2020

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Angie Buan!

750 years ago
1270


War
The Eighth Crusade ended with an agreement between Charles I of Anjou (replacing his deceased brother King Louis IX of France) and the Hafsid dynasty of Tunis.

680 years ago
1340


War
Portuguese forces commanded by King Afonso IV and Castilian forces commanded by King Alfonso XI halted a Marinid invasion led by Sultan Abu al-Hasan 'Ali of Morocco and Yusuf I of Granada at the Battle of Río Salado.

180 years ago
1840


Politics and government
Voting began in the U.S. presidential election. Incumbent President and Democratic party candidate Martin Van Buren was being challenged by Whig party candidate William Henry Harrison and Liberty party candidate J.G. Birney. The voting went state-by-state, and didn't conclude until December 2.

125 years ago
1895


Born on this date
Gerhard Domagk
. German pathologist and bacteriologist. Dr. Domagk was awarded the 1939 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for the discovery of the antibacterial effects of prontosil," the first commercially available antibiotic. He died on April 24, 1964 at the age of 68.

Dickinson Richards. U.S. physician. Dr. Richards shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1956 with Andre Cournand and Werner Forssmann for the development of cardiac catheterization and the characterization of a number of cardiac diseases. He died on February 23, 1973 at the age of 77.

Died on this date
James Patterson, 61
. U.K.-born Australian politician. Mr. Patterson emigrated to Australia in 1852, where he was in business before serving as Mayor of Chewton for four years before winning election to the Victoria Legislative Assemlby in 1870. He held various offices in Victoria before taking office as Premier in January 1893 after William Shiels was ousted on a non-confidence vote during an economic depression. Mr. Patterson had no more success in dealing with the depression than his predecessors; he lost a non-confidence vote in August 1894, and his conservatives were defeated in the election in September 1894. Mr. Patterson was an opposition member of the Victoria Legislative Assembly when he died from influenza, 19 days before his 62nd birthday.

120 years ago
1900


Born on this date
Ragnar Granit
. Finnish-born Swedish neuroscientist. Dr. Granit, Haldan Keffer Hartline, and George Wald were awarded the 1967 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for their discoveries concerning the primary physiological and chemical visual processes in the eye." Dr. Granit died on March 12, 1991 at the age of 90.

110 years ago
1910


Died on this date
Henry Dunant, 82
. Swiss activist. Mr. Dunant was a businessman who witnessed the Battle of Solferino in 1859, and was appalled at the lack of care for wounded soldiers. His memoir Un Souvenir de Solferino (A Memory of Solferino) (1862) led him to co-found the International Committee of the Red Cross in February 1863, for which he was awarded a share of the first Nobel Peace Prize in 1901. Mr. Dunant was also involved with the First Geneva Convention (1864).

100 years ago
1920


Politics and government
The Communist Party of Australia was founded in Sydney.

Football
CRU
ARU
Finals
Edmonton 18 @ Calgary 8 (Calgary won 2-game total points series 35-34)

Tommy Blades scored 2 touchdowns and punted for a rouge as the Eskimos' comeback from an 11-point deficit after the first game fell just short at Hillhurst Park. Mr. Burnett scored the other Edmonton touchdown. The Tigers advanced to play the Regina Roughriders for the championship of the Western Canada Rugby Football Union.

80 years ago
1940


On the radio



At the movies
One Night in the Tropics, starring Allan Jones, Nancy Kelly, Bud Abbott, and Lou Costello, received its premiere screening in Mr. Costello's hometown of Paterson, New Jersey. It was the first movie for the comedy team of Abbott and Costello.



War
The Greek government claimed that the Italian advance into Greece had made little progress, but Italy announced the capture of the town of Breznica, opening the main route to Salonika on the Aegean Sea. Greek Prime Minister John Metaxas said that British aid had been better than expected, with U.K. marines landing in Greece, the British fleet mining the coast, and Royal Air Force pilots reportedly landing in northern Greece.

Diplomacy
German Ambassador to Turkey Franz von Papen suddenly left Ankara for Berlin after a long conversation with Turkish Prime Minister Dr. Refik Saydam.

Defense
The U.S. draft lottery in Washington ended at 5:47 A.M. after 17½ hours of drawing numbers. A fire of unknown origin destroyed the top floor of the four-storey U.S. War Department building in Washington, but Army code books and other secret records were saved.

Politics and government
Republican Party U.S. presidential candidate Wendell Willkie predicted that if Franklin D. Roosevelt were re-elected five days hence, "on the basis of past performance with pledges to the people, you may expect war by April 1941." Replying in a speech in Boston, President Roosevelt promised, "Your boys are not going to be sent into any foreign wars." Democratic Party U.S. vice presidential candidate told an American Labor Party rally in New York that "millions of Americans know from personal observation that there is Nazi propaganda and Nazi pressure for the election of the Republican candidate." World heavyweight boxing champion Joe Louis urged the election of Mr. Willkie because he "will help my people," presumably referring to Negroes.

Economics and finance
Brazil was reported to have banned the export of beef because of a meat shortage in Rio de Janeiro due to a long drought and large beef exports to Europe.

Harvey Gibson, chairman of the New York World's Fair board of directors, announced that 3,000 bondholders would receive 39.2 cents on the dollar.

Labour
It was revealed that carpenters must pay an $80 union "initiation fee" to work at Fort Dix, New Jersey, a $75 fee at Fort Edwards, Massachusetts, and $55 at Fort Meade, Maryland, with no refunds in case of dismissal.

75 years ago
1945


Diplomacy
The Allied Far Eastern Advisory Commission assembled in Washington. The U.S.S.R. refused to join unless the U.S.A. agreed to share occupation of Japan with other Allied powers.

U.S. Secretary of State James Byrnes announced full U.S. recognition of the Venezuelan government of provisional President Romulo Betancourt.

Politics and government
Supreme Court Chief Justice Jose Linhares was sworn in as President of Brazil and appointed a new cabinet.

In its plan submitted to the U.S. Senate Military Affairs Committee, the War Department called for the merger of the Armed Forces into one agency under a cabinet-level secretary.

Energy
The U.S. House of Representatives Military Affairs Committee approved a bill establishing a strong atomic energy commission.

Economics and finance
The U.S. House of Representatives approved the $5.9-billion tax reduction bill. A House committee supported congressional appropriations of $550 million for the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration.

Labour
In an executive order amending his August 18, 1945 policy statement, U.S. President Harry Truman recommended higher wages in order for workers to catch up with the cost of living.

70 years ago
1950


World events
Puerto Rican nationalists in the towns of Jayuya, Ponce, Mayagüez, Naranjito, Arecibo, Utuado, and San Juan led uprisings against the U.S.-supported Puerto Rican government. In San Juan, five men attempted to assassinate Governor Luis Muñoz Marín in his mansion; they fired shots into his office, but he cowered under his desk and narrowly escaped death.

60 years ago
1960


Medicine
Dr. Michael Woodruff performed the first successful kidney transplant in the United Kingdom at the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh. The recipient was a 49-year-old man who received a kidney donated by his twin brother.

Football
CFL
EFC
Montreal (5-9) 27 @ Toronto (10-4) 63

The Argonauts scored 35 points in the 4th quarter at CNE Stadium--tying the league record for points scored by one team in a quarter--as they clinched first place in the IRFU. Cookie Gilchrist of the Argonauts scored 27 points--23 in the 4th quarter--to win the IRFU scoring title with 115 points, 7 more than George Dixon of the Alouettes. Mr. Gilchrist was successful on 8 of 9 convert attempts.

NFL
Cleveland (4-1) 31 @ Washington (1-2-2) 10
St. Louis (3-3) 20 @ New York (3-1-1) 13
Green Bay (4-1) 19 @ Pittsburgh (2-3-1) 13
Baltimore (4-2) 45 @ Dallas (0-6) 7
Chicago (3-2-1) 7 @ San Francisco (3-3) 25
Detroit (1-4) 35 @ Los Angeles (1-4-1) 48

AFL
Houston (5-2) 24 @ Buffalo (3-4) 25
Dallas (3-4) 17 @ Denver (4-3) 14

50 years ago
1970


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Lola--The Kinks (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Band of Gold--Freda Payne (5th week at #1)

South Africa's Top 10 (Springbok Radio)
1 Burning Bridges--The Mike Curb Congregation (3rd week at #1)
2 Mademoiselle Ninette--Michael Holm
3 Lookin' Out My Back Door--Creedence Clearwater Revival
4 Brown Eyes--Chris Andrews
5 Cha-La-La, I Need You--Shuffles
6 I (Who Have Nothing)--Tom Jones
7 Ain't Love a Funny Thing--Sam Evans
8 Candida--Dawn
9 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond
10 Poor Little Rich Girl--Dickie Loader

Singles entering the chart were Me and My Life by the Tremeloes (#18); Black Night by Deep Purple (#29); and Stand Up for the Lady by the Rising Sons (#30).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 We've Only Just Begun--Carpenters
2 I Think I Love You--The Partridge Family
3 Lola--The Kinks
4 I'll Be There--The Jackson 5
5 Fire and Rain--James Taylor
6 El Condor Pasa--Simon & Garfunkel
7 It's Only Make Believe--Glen Campbell
8 Long Long Time--Linda Ronstadt
9 Gypsy Woman--Brian Hyland
10 It Don't Matter to Me--Bread

Singles entering the chart were The Tears of a Clown by Smokey Robinson & the Miracles (#27); Let's Work Together by Canned Heat (#28); Fly Little White Dove, Fly by the Bells (#29); and Express Yourself by Charles Wright and the Watts 103rd Street Rhythm Band (#30).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKVN)
1 Lola--The Kinks (2nd week at #1)
2 Fire and Rain--James Taylor
3 I'll Be There--The Jackson 5
4 El Condor Pasa--Simon & Garfunkel
5 My Home Town--The Seeds of Time
6 Cry Me a River--Joe Cocker
7 Our House--Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young
8 Closer to Home--Grand Funk Railroad
9 Somebody's Been Sleeping--100 Proof Aged in Soul
10 We've Only Just Begun--Carpenters

Singles entering the chart were The Tears of a Clown by Smokey Robinson & the Miracles (#21); Heaven Help Us All by Stevie Wonder (#24); Maggie (LP) by Redbone (#27); Engine Number 9 by Wilson Pickett (#28); Fresh Air by Quicksilver Messenger Service (#29); and No Matter What by Badfinger (#30).

Edmonton's Top 10 (CJCA)
1 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond (5th week at #1)
2 Lola--The Kinks
3 El Condor Pasa--Simon & Garfunkel
4 Ain't that Tellin' You People--The Original Caste
cr 5 Yellow River--Christie
6 Me and Bobby McGee--Gordon Lightfoot
7 Look What They've Done to My Song Ma--The New Seekers
8 God, Love and Rock & Roll (We Believe)--Teegarden & Van Winkle
9 All Right Now--Free
10 Green-Eyed Lady--Sugarloaf

On television tonight
The Interns, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Price of Life

Music
The album Tumbleweed Connection by Elton John was released in the United Kingdom on DJM Records.

Crime
U.S. Attorney General John Mitchell met with 13 representatives of the nation's police chiefs, and said afterward that federal, state, and local cooperation would be sought in combatting bombings and attacks on policemen.

Economics and finance
Nine Canadian banks announced that they were following the lead of the Toronto-Dominion Bank and lowering their interest rates on loans, effective November 1. In most cases, the interest rate went from 7% to 6.5% and the prime rate from 8% to 7.5%.

40 years ago
1980


War
El Salvador and Honduras agreed to put the border dispute that prompted the 1969 Soccer War before the International Court of Justice.

Scandal
U.S. Senator Harrison Williams (Democrat--New Jersey), the only Senator caught on videotape by the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Abscam sting, allegedly taking a bribe, was indicted by a federal grand jury in Brooklyn, New York on charges of bribery and conspiracy.

Baseball
Nippon Series
Hiroshima Toyo Carp 2 @ Kintetsu Buffaloes 6 (Kintetsu led best-of-seven series 3-2)

25 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Shut Up (and Sleep with Me)--Sin With Sebastian (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Norway (VG-lista): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V.

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Until I Hear it from You--Gin Blossoms (6th week at #1)
2 Back for Good--Take That
3 I Wish You Well--Tom Cochrane
4 Side of the Road--Blue Rodeo
5 Kiss from a Rose--Seal
6 This--Rod Stewart
7 I'm Shattered--Barney Bentall
8 You Oughta Know--Alanis Morissette
9 Only Wanna Be with You--Hootie & the Blowfish
10 I Could Fall in Love--Selena

Singles entering the chart were Rock Steady by Bonnie Raitt with Bryan Adams (#88); Lump by the Presidents of the United States of America (#94); Lock and Load by Bob Seger (#95); Geek Stink Breath by Green Day (#96); Blessing by Elton John (#97); When Love & Hate Collide by Def Leppard (#98); One of Us by Joan Osborne (#99); and Breakin' Down by Susan Aglukark (#100).

Politics and government
In their second referendum on sovereignty, Quebec electors narrowly voted by a margin of 50.58%-49.42% to remain a province of Canada.

Business
K Mart Corporation said that its K Mart Canada unit would be sold within 30 days; a month later, K mart said that talks had failed and that it would keep its 127 Canadian stores.

20 years ago
2000

Died on this date
Steve Allen, 78
. U.S. broadcaster, author, songwriter, comedian. Mr. Allen, a man of many talents, was the original host of the Tonight show on NBC from 1954-1957. He then moved into prime time on Sunday nights with a comedy and variety show on NBC that ran at the same time that Ed Sullivan's program was on CBS; The Steve Allen Show (1956-1960) drew respectable ratings. He conceived and hosted a program on PBS called Meeting of Minds (1977-1981), where actors portraying historical characters would discuss various issues. Mr. Allen wrote several thousand songs, the best-known of which is This Could Be the Start of Something. His books included The Funny Men (1956); Funny People (1981); More Funny People (1982); and Vulgarians at the Gate (2000). Mr. Allen died several hours after suffering a ruptured blood vessel caused by chest injuries received in a traffic accident.

10 years ago
2010


Football
CFL
Winnipeg (4-13) 13 @ Edmonton (7-10) 16 (OT)



CIS
Yates Cup
Quarter-Finals
Queen's 19 @ McMaster 40
Guelph 10 @ Wilfrid Laurier 42

St. Mary's (5-3) 21 @ Acadia (4-4) 0
British Columbia (2-6) 25 @ Manitoba (2-6) 35
Alberta (3-5) 5 @ Calgary (6-2) 37

Khaleal Williams passed for 327 yards and Matt Henry rushed for 2 touchdowns in the final game of his 5-year university career to help the Bisons defeat the Thunderbirds at University Stadium in Winnipeg. Quincy Hurst returned a punt 100 yards for a touchdown in the 2nd quarter to spark Manitoba to a comeback from a 14-3 1st-quarter deficit.

Baseball
World Series
San Francisco Giants 2 @ Texas Rangers 4 (San Francisco led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Mitch Moreland's 3-run home run with 2 out in the bottom of the 2nd inning opened the scoring and provided the runs necessary for the Rangers to defeat the Giants before 52,419 fans in the first World Series game ever played at Rangers Ballpark in Arlington.



Nippon Series
Chiba Lotte Marines 5 @ Chunichi Dragons 2 (Chiba led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Thursday, 29 October 2020

October 29, 2020

630 years ago
1390


Society
Paris hosted its first trial for witchcraft, leading to the deaths of three people.

280 years ago
1740


Born on this date
James Boswell
. U.K. author. Mr. Boswell, a native of Edinburgh, was a lawyer who was best known for his biography The Life of Samuel Johnson, LL.D. (1791), which has been called the greatest biography ever written. Venereal disease and heavy drinking contributed to Mr. Boswell's death at the age of 54 on May 19, 1795.

120 years ago
1900


Politics and government
Rodmond Roblin was sworn in as Premier of Manitoba, succeeding Hugh John Macdonald.

110 years ago
1910


Born on this date
A. J. Ayer
. U.K. philosopher. Sir Alfred Jules "Freddie" Ayer was known for his promotion of logical positivism, particularly in his books Language, Truth, and Logic (1936) and The Problem of Knowledge (1956). He died on June 27, 1989 at the age of 78.

Football
CRU
IRFU
Hamilton (3-1) 14 @ Montreal (2-2) 7
Ottawa (1-3) 4 @ Toronto (2-2) 11

Ben Simpson kicked 11 singles for the Tigers in their win over the Montreal Amateur Athletic Association at the MAAA Grounds.

Canadian university
Toronto (4-0) 26 @ Ottawa (0-4) 5
McGill (1-3) 10 @ Queen’s (3-1) 14

100 years ago
1920


Born on this date
Baruj Benacerraf
. Venezuelan-born U.S. physician and immunologist. Dr. Benacerraf moved to Paris with his family in 1925 and then emigrated to the United States in 1940. He shared the 1980 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Jean Dausset and George Snell "for their discoveries concerning genetically determined structures on the cell surface that regulate immunological reactions." Dr. Benacerraf died on August 2, 2011 at the age of 90.

90 years ago
1930


Football
NFL
Newark (1-10-1) 7 @ New York (7-1) 34

80 years ago
1940


On the radio



War
Rome radio reported that the Italian army had moved 40 miles inside the Greek border, while other claimed that Greek troops were offering stubborn resistance. The Australian War Council was sworn in in Melbourne.

Defense
The United States began its first peacetime military draft when Secretary of War Henry Stimson drew numbers at the War Department auditorium.

Mexican President Lázaro Cárdenas del Río said that any accord with the United States would provide for naval and air bases in Mexico.

Olympics
The American Olympic Committee officially disbanded with over $110,000 in unspent funds.

75 years ago
1945


Hit parade
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Till the End of Time--Perry Como (6th week at #1)
--Dick Haymes
--Les Brown and his Orchestra
2 On the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe--Johnny Mercer and the Pied Pipers
--Bing Crosby
--Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra
--Judy Garland and the Merry Macs
3 I'll Buy that Dream--Helen Forrest and Dick Haymes
--Harry James and his Orchestra
--Hal McIntyre and his Orchestra
4 If I Loved You--Perry Como
--Bing Crosby
--Frank Sinatra
5 Chopin's Polonaise--Carmen Cavallaro and his Orchestra
6 It's Only a Paper Moon--Benny Goodman and his Orchestra
--Ella Fitzgerald and the Delta Rhythm Boys
7 Tampico--Stan Kenton and his Orchestra
8 It's Been a Long Long Time--Harry James and his Orchestra
--Bing Crosby with Les Paul and his Trio
--Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra
9 I'm Gonna Love that Gal (Like She’s Never Been Loved Before)--Perry Como
10 Gotta Be This or That--Benny Goodman and his Orchestra
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra

Singles entering the chart were Surprise Party by Johnny Mercer (#21); Who Threw the Whiskey in the Well by Lucky Millinder and his Orchestra (#22); You Came Along (From Out of Nowhere) by Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra (#31); Waitin' for the Train to Come In by Johnny Long and His Orchestra and Dick Robertson (#40); Leap Frog by Les Brown and his Orchestra (#41); At Mail Call Today by Lawrence Welk and his Orchestra with Red Foley (#42); and What Do You Want to Make Those Eyes at Me For by Betty Hutton (#43). You Came Along (From Out of Nowhere) was the B-side of Hong Kong Blues, charting at #12. At Mail Call Today was the B-side of Shame on You, charting at #34.

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: Murder by Moonlight

World events
The war crimes trial of Japanese General Tomoyuki Yamashita opened in Manila.

War
Communist troops were reported entrenched in Manchuria along rail lines and near three ports where U.S. warships were scheduled to land Chinese government troops.

Politics and government
Getúlio Vargas resigned as President of Brazil, turning the office over to Supreme Court Chief Justice Jose Linhares until a new president was elected.

Defense
U.S. Army General George Marshall warned that if the United Nations were to have any chance of success, the United States must remain strong, and demobilization must not become military "disintegration."

The Association of Manhattan District Scientists, whose members worked on the atomic bomb, criticized the May-Johnson bill because it aimed to maintain an American monopoly on the bomb.

Health
The U.S. Census Bureau reported that maternal and infant mortality deaths were 6,139 and 111,127 respectively in 1944, the lowest on record.

Economics and finance
U.S. Office of Price Administration chief Chester Bowles and War Production Board Chairman Julius Krug announced the end of automobile rationing.

Labour
U.S. Secretary of Labor Lewis Schwellenbach told a Senate committee that the payment of "uniformly lower wages" to women "depresses the whole wage structure," and urged legislation banning wage differentials because of sex.

70 years ago
1950


Died on this date
Gustaf V, 92
. King of Sweden, 1907-1950. Gustaf V acceded to the throne upon the death of his father Oscar II. He was the last Swedish monarch to exercise his royal prerogatives, but oversaw the transition of his role to that of figurehead. King Gustaf held anti-Communist and pro-German views, and his approval of a German request to alow the transfer of German troops through Sweden to northern Finland in the summer of 1941 caused a brief constitutional crisis. King Gustaf allegedly had a homosexual affair with criminal Kurt Haijby, which led to Mr. Haijby's imprisonment for blackmail after the king's death. King Gustaf was an avid tennis player, and was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1980. He died from complications of the flu, and was succeeded by his son Gustaf VI.

Football
CRU ORFU
Windsor (2-6) 5 @ Toronto (6-2) 31

The game was played at Maple Leaf Stadium.

NFL
Chicago Bears (4-2) 27 @ New York Yanks (6-1) 38
Washington (1-5) 3 @ Philadelphia (5-1) 35
Pittsburgh (2-5) 7 @ Cleveland (5-2) 45
New York Giants (4-2) 3 @ Chicago Cardinals (3-3) 17
Baltimore (0-6) 14 @ San Francisco (2-5) 17
Detroit (3-4) 24 @ Los Angeles (5-2) 65

60 years ago
1960


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): It’s Now or Never--Elvis Presley (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: Il cielo in una stanza--Mina (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Ein Schiff wird kommen--Lale Andersen (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Only the Lonely (Know How I Feel)--Roy Orbison (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Save the Last Dance for Me--The Drifters (3rd week at #1)
2 I Want to Be Wanted--Brenda Lee
3 Chain Gang--Sam Cooke
4 Devil or Angel--Bobby Vee
5 My Heart Has a Mind of its Own--Connie Francis
6 Let's Think About Living--Bob Luman
7 Georgia on My Mind--Ray Charles
8 Don't Be Cruel--Bill Black's Combo
9 You Talk Too Much--Joe Jones
10 Kiddio--Brook Benton

Singles entering the chart were Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On by Conway Twitty (#65, charting with the version by Chubby Checker); Am I the Man by Jackie Wilson (#74); I'll Save the Last Dance for You by Damita Jo (#77); Midnight Lace, with versions by Ray Ellis and his Orchestra; Ray Conniff and his Orchestra; and David Carroll and his Orchestra (#90); Ballad of the Alamo, with versions by Marty Robbins; and Bud and Travis (#91); Psycho by Bobby Hendricks (#96); A Thousand Stars by Kathy Young with the Innocents (#98); One of the Lucky Ones by Anita Bryant (#99); and Satisfied (Part 2) by the Cashmeres (#100).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CFUN)
1 Sailor (Your Home is the Sea)--Lolita
2 Poetry in Motion--Johnny Tillotson
3 Tonights the Night--The Shirelles
4 A Thousand Stars--Kathy Young with the Innocents
5 Save the Last Dance for Me--The Drifters
6 And the Heavens Cried--Ronnie Savoy
7 Wait for Me--The Playmates
8 China Doll--Bobby Swanson
9 You Talk Too Much--Joe Jones
10 Hushaby Little Guitar--Paul Evans

Singles entering the chart were You're Sixteen by Johnny Burnette (#34); Release Me by Jivin' Gene (#37); Let's Go, Let's Go, Let's Go by Hank Ballard and the Midnighters (#40); Like Strangers by the Everly Brothers (#41); Devil or Angel by Bobby Vee (#42); My Girl Josephine by Fats Domino (#43); Am I Losing You by Jim Reeves (#44); School Bus by Kris Jensen (#45); Ruby Duby Du by Tobin Matthews & Co. (#46); Billy, Billy Went a Walking by the Beau Marks (#47); Love Walked In by Dinah Washington (#49); and The Hucklebuck by Chubby Checker (#50). Billy, Billy Went a Walking was the B-side of 'Cause We're in Love, which was not on the chart.

On television tonight
The Roaring 20's, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Velvet Frame

Disasters
A C-46 airliner carrying the California Polytechnic State University Mustangs football team crashed during takeoff from Toledo Express Airport in Ohio, U.S., resulting in 22 deaths.

Boxing
Olympic light heavyweight gold medalist Cassius Clay made his professional debut, fighting as a heavyweight. He won a 6-round unanimous decision over Tunney Hunsaker (15-10-1) at Freedom Hall State Fairground in Louisville, Kentucky.



Football
CFL
EFC
Ottawa (9-5) 24 @ Hamilton (4-10) 26

WIFU
Saskatchewan (2-12-2) 0 @ British Columbia (5-9-2) 38

12,000 fans at Civic Stadium saw the Tiger-Cats prevent the Rough Riders from capturing first place in the EFC. Don Sutherin, recently released by the Pittsburgh Steelers, rejoined the Tiger-Cats to play his first CFL game in 2 years, and contributed 10 points.

21,114 were at Empire Stadium in Vancouver to see the Lions end their season with a shutout over the Roughriders. It was the final game for Ken Carpenter as head coach of the Roughriders; he came out of retirement as a player and joined the Denver Broncos of the American Football League to finish the season.

Canadian university
SIFL
Western Ontario 6 @ McGill 57

WCIAU
Saskatchewan (0-3) 0 @ British Columbia (2-2) 12

Jim Olafson rushed for 2 unconverted touchdowns for the Thunderbirds as they shut out the Huskies at Thunderbird Stadium in Vancouver in a game whose ending was marred by fan rowdiness.

50 years ago
1970


Space
NASA revealed that American and Soviet space scientists had agreed in Moscow earlier in the week to meet alternately in Moscow and Houston to work on standardization of docking systems for each country’s spacecraft to facilitate space rescues of each others’ crews.

War
Amid reports that secret talks were under way, the North Vietnamese and Viet Cong held their hard line at the Paris peace talks and repeated their demand that the U.S. withdraw unilaterally and destroy the Saigon administration on its way out of South Vietnam.

Politics and government
Jean Cournoyer replaced Pierre Laporte as Québec Labour Minister in the Liberal Party cabinet of Premier Robert Bourassa, 12 days after Mr. Laporte's murder by the FLQ.

Environment
Toxic levels of mercury were reported in the livers of Alaska fur seals, and U.S. federal officials said it wsa the first time that mercury pollution had been found in large aquatic mammals.

Society
Alabama Attorney General MacDonald Gallion filed a $21-million damage suit against the U.S. federal government for the value of Alabama schools closed by federal judges to promote desegregation. Mr. Gallion contended that the closings amounted to taking property without compensation.

Baseball
Nippon Series
Lotte Orions 3 @ Yomiuri Giants 6 (Yomiuri led best-of-seven series 2-0)

40 years ago
1980


Died on this date
Giorgio Borġ Olivier, 69
. Prime Minister of Malta, 1950-1955, 1962-1971. Mr. Borg Olivier, a member of the Partito Nazionale (Nationalist Party), sat in the Council of Government from 1939-1977, and became leader of the party in December 1950. His first term as Prime Minister was characterized by success in gaining British recognition for him as the equal of the Prime Ministers of Northern Ireland and Southern Rhodesia, while his second term was marked by Malta gaining her independence in 1964. Mr. Borg Olivier was forced to resign as party leader in 1977 in the face of widepread desire for a younger leader, and died of lung cancer.

Disasters
A demonstration flight of a secretly modified C-130 for an Iran hostage crisis rescue attempt ended in a crash landing at Eglin Air Force Base's Duke Field, Florida, leading to cancellation of Operation Credible Sport.

Baseball
Nippon Series
Hiroshima Toyo Carp 2 @ Kintetsu Buffaloes 0 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

30 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): So Hard--Pet Shop Boys (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Germany (Media Control): I've Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat

War
The United Nations Security Council voted 13-0 with 2 abstentions to pass a resolution warning Iraq that "further measures" might be taken under the UN Charter--by implication, including military action. In separate statements, U.S. President George Bush and U.S. Secretary of State James Baker warned that in light of barbarous acts by the Iraqis in Kuwait, the use of force remained a possibility.

25 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V.

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Knockin'--Double Vision

#1 single in Switzerland: Waterfalls--TLC (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Terry Southern, 71
. U.S. author. Mr. Southern was best known for the comic novels Candy (1958--co-written with Mason Hoffenberg) and The Magic Christian (1959). Heavy drinking and drug use contributed to his literary and physical decline in later years.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (8-10) 17 @ Baltimore (15-3) 24
Ottawa (3-15) 33 @ Winnipeg (7-11) 36
Birmingham (10-8) 42 @ San Antonio (12-6) 48

Louis Fite rushed 1 yard for his first CFL touchdown, Tracy Ham completed a 13-yard TD pass to Gerald Alphin, and Carlos Huerta added 2 converts, 3 field goals, and a single as the Stallions defeated the Tiger-Cats before 29,310 fans at Memorial Stadium. Mike Kerrigan relieved Anthony Calvillo at quarterback for Hamilton and threw touchdown passes of 5 and 7 yards to Earl Winfield in the 4th quarter.

Troy Westwood's 12-yard field goal with 25 seconds remaining in regulation time climaxed a 19-point 4th quarter as the Blue Bombers came back from a 33-17 deficit to defeat the Rough Riders before 27,022 fans at Winnipeg Stadium and capture the fifth and last playoff spot in the North Division, eliminating the Saskatchewan Roughriders. Former Winnipeg backup quarterback Sammy Garza threw touchdown passes to Odessa Turner and Ray Alexander, and Emanuel Martin scored the other Ottawa touchdown on a 33-yard punt return. Wayne Lammle added 3 converts and 4 field goals. Winnipeg quarterback Reggie Slack threw a 47-yard touchdown pass to Milt Stegall in the 2nd quarter and rushed 16 yards for a touchdown of his own in the 3rd quarter. In the 4th quarter, Mr. Slack rushed 1 yard for his second touchdown of the game, with an unsuccessful 2-point convert attempt leaving the Blue Bombers trailing 33-23. Mr. Westwood kicked a 32-yard field goal with 5:06 remaining to pull Winnipeg within a converted touchdown, and the Blue Bombers tied the game on a 9-yard pass from Mr. Slack to Tim Daniel, converted by Mr. Westwood.

David Archer completed touchdown passes to Mark Stock and Billy Hess, handed off to Heath Sherman for a TD, and rushed for another touchdown himself as the Texans defeated the Barracudas before 19,025 fans at the Alamodome to clinch second place in the South Division, with the semi-final to take place a week later in the same place between the same teams. Marcus Gates scored the other San Antonio touchdown on a 93-yard kickoff return in the 4th quarter. With Matt Dunigan out with injury, Kelvin Simmons played quarterback for Birmingham and had the best game of his career, rushing for 3 touchdowns and completing touchdown passes to Marcus Grant and Eddie Britton, and a 2-point convert pass to Mr. Grant. The Barracudas outscored the Texans 25-17 in the 4th quarter. It was the last regular season Canadian Football League game to be played in the United States.

20 years ago
2000


Died on this date
Carlos Guastavino, 88
. Argentinian composer. Mr. Guastavino, sometimes called "the Schubert of the Pampas," composed in the Romantic tradition and wrote more than 500 works, specializing in songs and piano works.

Football
CFL
Montreal (12-5) 31 @ Calgary (12-4-1) 32

Terry Baker missed a 39-yard field goal attempt with 2 seconds remaining in regulation time, and it went for a single point, leaving the Alouettes 1 point short. The kick came just 37 seconds after Mark McLoughlin had kicked a 23-yard field goal to put the Stampeders ahead. The Stampeders led 25-15 at halftime, with no touchdowns being scored in the second half. Calgary quarterback Dave Dickenson completed 28 of 40 passes for 352 yards and a 15-yard touchdown to Travis Moore with 26 seconds remaining in the 2nd quarter. Mr. Dickenson also rushed 8 times for 36 yards and a touchdown, while centre Jamie Crysdale returned a Montreal fumble 1 yard for the only touchdown of his CFL career. Mr. McLoughlin added 3 converts, 3 field goals, and a single, and Tony Martino punted for a single. Montreal quarterback Anthony Calvillo completed 15 of 29 passes for 270 yards and a 38-yard touchdown to Alfonzo Browning in the 2nd quarter. Mr. Baker converted and added 7 field goals and 3 singles. Mike Pringle of the Alouettes led all rushers with 82 yards on 16 carries, while Mr. Moore led all receivers with 116 yards on 6 receptions. McMahon Stadium had had bleachers installed in preparation for hosting the Grey Cup, and 45,010 packed the stands for what was anticipated as a Grey Cup preview.

10 years ago
2010


Football
CFL
Montreal (12-5) 37 @ Toronto (8-9) 30



Hamilton (9-8) 24 @ Calgary (12-5) 55



CIS
Regina (5-3) 29 @ Saskatchewan (6-2) 52

Wednesday, 28 October 2020

October 28, 2020

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Kerry Hoffer and Mona Bernales!

710 years ago
1310


Died on this date
Athanasius I, 79 or 80
. Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, 1289-1293, 1303-1309. Athanasius I was chosen by Byzantine Emperor Andronicus II as head of the Eastern Orthodox Church. He opposed the reunion of the Greek and Roman Churches, and resigned in 1293, but was restored with popular support in 1303. A clerical faction in favour of church union forced Athanasius to resign in September 1309.

700 years ago
1420


Chinatica
Beijing was officially designated the capital of the Ming dynasty when the Forbidden City was completed.

280 years ago
1740


Died on this date
Anna, 47
. Empress of Russia, 1730-1740. Anna Ivanovna, the daughter of Czar Ivan V and half-niece of Peter the Great, was chosen by the Russian Supreme Privy Council to succeed her half-nephew Czar Peter II, who had died childless. She governed as an autocrat, but continued Peter the Great's policies of Westernization. Empress Anna died from the prolonged effects of a large kidney stone, and declared her infant grandnephew Ivan VI as her successor.

225 years ago
1795


Diplomacy
The Jay Treaty, negotiated between the United States and United Kingdom on November 19, 1794, was ratified by an exchange of diplomatic notes; it went into effect on February 29, 1796.

220 years ago
1800


Died on this date
Artemas Ward, 72
. U.S. military officer and politician. Major General Ward served with the British Army in the 1750s and with the Continental Army in the 1770s. He served as a Massachusetts state court justice (1776-1777); President of the Massachusetts Executive Council (1777-1779); member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives (1779-1785), and Speaker (1785); delegate to the Continental Congress (1780-1781); and Representative from Massachusetts in the U.S. House of Representatives (1791-1795).

125 years ago
1890

Baseball

World Series
Louisville Colonels 6 @ Brooklyn Bridegrooms 2 (Best-six-of-ten series tied 3-3-1)

The Colonels defeated the Bridegrooms 6-2 before just 300 fans at Washington Park. Red Ehret pitched a complete game to win for the Colonels, while Tom Lovett went the distance in taking his second loss of the Series. With poor attendance and poor weather, the Series was called off after this game, with no champion decided.

120 years ago
1900


Olympics
The Olympic Games, which had opened in Paris on May 14, closed.

80 years ago
1940


On the radio



Two years after Orson Welles had broadcast an adaptation of H.G. Wells' The War of the Worlds for Mercury Theater on the Air, the two men met in San Antonio, Texas, and appeared together in the broadcast studio of KTSA for an interview.



War
The Empress of Britain, a Canadian Pacific Steamships Line passenger liner serving as a troopship, already damaged by bombs from a Luftwaffe FW-200 Kondor long-range bomber on October 26, and under tow toward the Firth of Clyde, was sunk by torpedoes fired by U-32 Oblt Hans Jenisch, northwest of Bloody Foreland, County Donegal, Ireland. At 42,348 GRT, the Empress, was the largest ship sunk by German U-boats in World War II. After Greece rejected Italy's ultimatum, Italian forces invaded Greece through Albania, marking Greece's entry into World War II. In their longest flight to date, British Royal Air Force bombers hit German munitions plants in the Bohemian-Moravian Protectorate. Chinese forces recaptured Nanking, former capital of the province of Kwangsi.

Mexican federal troops engaged Almazanista rebel forces in the state of Chiapas.

70 years ago
1945


Died on this date
Kesago Nakajima, 64
. Japanese military officer. Lieutenant General Nakajima was Operational Commander in the Battle of Nanjing in 1937 and was implicated in what was known at the time as the "Rape of Nanking." He retired from the Imperial Japanese Army in 1939 and died of illness.

War
A Chinese Communist spokesman said that fighting against Nationalist troops had spread to 11 of the country's 28 provinces.

Politics and government
The British government appointed Major Gideon Brand van Zyl as Governor General of the Union of South Africa effective January 1, 1946.

Economics and finance
The U.S. War Production Board placed lumber under inventory control to prevent hoarding, and speed expansion of industry.

Labour
The Congress of Industrial Organizations-affiliated United Electrical, Radio & Machine Workers announced the filing of a petition with the U.S. National Labor Relations Board for a strike vote at 54 General Electric plants in an attempt to overcome the company's refusal to grant a $2-per-day wage increase.

Football
NFL
Washington (3-1) 24 @ New York (1-2-1) 14
Cleveland (4-1) 14 @ Philadelphia (2-2) 28
Boston (3-1-1) 10 @ Pittsburgh (1-4) 6
Chicago Bears (0-5) 10 @ Detroit (4-1) 16
Chicago Cardinals (1-5) 14 @ Green Bay (4-1) 33

70 years ago
1950


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Quicksilver--Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters (8th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Goodnight Irene--Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra and the Weavers (Best Seller--11th week at #1; Jukebox--10th week at #1); All My Love (Bolero)--Patti Page (Disc Jockey--1st week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Goodnight Irene--Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra and the Weavers (9th week at #1)
--Frank Sinatra
2 Mona Lisa--Nat "King" Cole
--Victor Young and his Orchestra (Don Cherry, vocal)
--Art Lund
3 All My Love (Bolero)--Patti Page
--Percy Faith and his Orchestra
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
--Bing Crosby
4 Sam’s Song--Gary Crosby and Friend
--Joe "Fingers" Carr and the Carr-Hops
5 Our Lady of Fatima--Richard Hayes and Kitty Kallen
--Red Foley
6 Can Anyone Explain? (No, No, No!)--The Ames Brothers
7 La Vie en Rose--Tony Martin
--Bing Crosby
--Edith Piaf
8 Harbor Lights--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra with Tony Alamo and the Kaydets
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
--Ray Anthony and his Orchestra
9 Bonaparte’s Retreat--Kay Starr
--Gene Krupa and Chicago Jazz
10 Play a Simple Melody--Gary Crosby and Friend
--Jo Stafford

Singles entering the chart were Beloved, Be Faithful by Russ Morgan and his Orchestra (#29); In My Arms by Mitch Miller and his Orchestra (#32); and A Bushel and a Peck, with versions by Perry Como and Betty Hutton; and Margaret Whiting and Jimmy Wakely (#37).

Football
CRU
IRFU
Montreal (5-6) 18 @ Hamilton (6-5) 29
Ottawa (4-6-1) 7 @ Toronto (6-4-1) 30

ORFU
Sarnia (4-4) 10 @ Windsor (2-5) 13

WIFU
Semi-Final
Edmonton 24 @ Saskatchewan 1

Mike King rushed for 2 touchdowns and Lindy Berry passed to Rollin Prather for the other to help the Eskimos defeat the Roughriders before 8,000 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. Annis Stukus added 3 converts and 2 field goals for Edmonton. This was the first playoff game won by the Eskimos since rejoining the WIFU in 1949, and the first playoff win by an Edmonton team outside Alberta since 1922. This was the final game for Fred Grant as coach of the Roughriders.

60 years ago
1960


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Only the Lonely (Know How I Feel)--Roy Orbison (3rd week at #1)

On television tonight
The Twilight Zone, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: A Thing About Machines, starring Richard Haydn

Football
AFL
Oakland (4-4) 28 @ New York (4-4) 27
Los Angeles (4-3) 45 @ Boston (2-5) 16

50 years ago
1970


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Black Night--Deep Purple

Died on this date
Baby Huey, 26
. U.S. singer. Baby Huey, whose real name was James Thomas Ramey, was a soul singer and songwriter who led the group Baby Huey & the Babysitters, who were a popular local act in Chicago in the 1960s. They became a psychedelic soul band and recorded an album for Curtom Records, but Mr. Ramey, whose weight reached over 400 pounds, developed a heroin addiction, and died of a drug-related heart attack. The album The Baby Huey Story: The Living Legend was released in February 1971; it sold poorly at the time, but influenced the development of hip hop music.

Diplomacy
Israeli Foreign Minister Abba Eban in an address to the United Nations General Assembly, stressed Israel’s insistence that Egypt pull back missiles from the cease-fire zone along the Suez Canal before Israel would rejoin peace negotiations.

Politics and government
Gerald Regan took office as Premier of Nova Scotia, 15 days after leading his Liberal Party to victory in the provincial election.

Japan’s governing Liberal-Democratic party re-elected Prime Minister Eisaku Sato as the party president for a fourth teo-year term, assuring his continuance in office as the head of government. If Mr. Sato served out his term, his eight years as Prime Minister would set a record for Japan.

Law
A U.S. federal judge in Washington permanently banned official government publication or distribution of a House of Representatives committee report listing "radical" campus speakers. However, the judge approved private distribution of the list.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (9-7) 10 @ Saskatchewan (13-2) 34

R.C. Gamble, recently released by the Eskimos, rushed 16 times for 90 yards and 2 touchdowns in his first game as a Roughrider. Silas McKinnie also rushed for 2 touchdowns as Saskatchewan built a 31-0 halftime lead. The Eskimos finally got on the scoreboard early in the 3rd quarter when Dave Cutler, with a 30 miles-per-hour wind behind him, kicked a 59-yard field goal, 1 yard longer than the previous record, set by Bill Mitchell of the Eskimos in 1964. Rusty Clark, who took over from starting quarterback Don Trull to begin the 3rd quarter, completed 14 of 20 passes and rushed 1 yard for the Eskimos’ only touchdown in the 4th quarter, converted by Dave Cutler. The Eskimos drove to the Saskatchewan 1-yard line late in the game, but Mr. Cutler was stopped in an attempt to run the ball over for a touchdown on the game’s final play. It was the closest that he ever came to scoring a touchdown in his 16-year CFL career; the field goal remained the longest of his career, and stood as a league record for more than a decade. Saskatchewan’s Jack Abendschan converted 3 of the Roughriders’ touchdowns and added 2 field goals and a single. Only 10,696 fans attended the game at Taylor Field in Regina on a cold Wednesday night. It was the 6th straight win for the Roughriders, who ended the Eskimos’ 7-game winning streak.

40 years ago
1980


Politics and government
U.S. President and 1980 Democratic Party candidate Jimmy Carter and Republican Party presidential candidate Ronald Reagan engaged in their only debate, presented by the League of Women Voters at Music Hall in Cleveland.



Abominations
The Canadian federal government of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau announced the National Energy Program, a program of confiscating through taxation revenue from oil that, according to the Natural Resources Transfer Agreement of 1930, legally belonged to the province of Alberta. The NEP would ostensibly increase national ownership, restrain energy costs, and make the country self-sufficient in energy by 1990. The announced policies did grant a concession to the western provinces by abandoning a proposal to tax gas exports to the United States, which would have cut directly into provincial revenues.

Baseball
Nippon Series
Hiroshima Toyo Carp 4 @ Kintetsu Buffaloes 3 (Kintetsu led best-of-seven series 2-1)

30 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): To Sir with Love--Ngaire

#1 single in Switzerland: It Must Have Been Love--Roxette (3rd week at #1)

Austria's Top 10 (Ö3)
1 Tom's Diner--DNA featuring Suzanne Vega (4th week at #1)
2 Ich hab' geträumt von dir--Matthias Reim
3 I've Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat
4 Naked in the Rain--Black Pearl
5 Blaze of Glory--Jon Bon Jovi
6 La luna lila (Purple Moon)--Luisa Fernandez & Peter Kent
7 I am from Austria--Rainhard Fendrich
8 Itsy Bitsy Teeny Weeny Yellow Polka Dot Bikini--Bombalurina
9 Close to You--Maxi Priest
10 It Must Have Been Love--Roxette

Singles entering the chart were The Invisible Man by Dance with a Stranger (#14); Nah Neh Nah by Vaya Con Dios (#26); Cult of Snap! by Snap (#29); and I'm Your Baby Tonight by Whitney Houston (#30).

Politics and government
The Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic held the first round of the first multiparty legislative election in the country's history.

World events
Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein cancelled the rationing of gasoline and fired his oil minister, saying he had made a miscalculation. Some observers thought that the original announcement was a ruse to make it appear that sanctions were working so that a military attack on Iraq would not be necessary.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (11-6) 18 @ Ottawa (7-10) 27
Toronto (9-8) 31 @ Saskatchewan (9-8) 33
Hamilton (6-11) 15 @ Edmonton (10-7) 25

The Rough Riders recovered 3 Blue Bomber fumbles and made an interception as they improved their chances of making the playoffs for the first time in 5 years. Reggie Barnes rushed 21 times for 85 yards--including a 3-yard touchdown in the 1st quarter--and caught 3 passes for 44 yards to lead the Ottawa offense. Damon Allen completed 15 of 28 passes for 221 yards, including a 46-yard completion to David Williams in the 2nd quarter for the other Ottawa touchdown. Mr. Williams led the Rough Riders with 101 yards on 5 receptions. Dean Dorsey added 2 converts and 4 field goals, and Terry Baker punted 82 yards for a single to complete the Ottawa scoring. Tom Burgess completed a 31-yard pass to Eric Streater in the 1st quarter for the first Winnipeg touchdown, and Robert Mimbs rushed 2 yards for the other Blue Bomber touchdown with 42 seconds remaining in the game. Trevor Kennerd converted the first touchdown and added a field goal and 2 singles. A 2-point convert attempt on the last touchdown was unsuccessful. Mr. Mimbs rushed for 68 yards on 18 carries to lead the Blue Bombers, while Perry Tuttle gained 85 yards on 2 pass receptions. Mr. Burgess completed 14 of 29 passes for 239 yards, while backup quarterback Danny McManus was just 1 for 8 for 24 yards. 18,216 fans showed up at Lansdowne Park on a wet day.

Dave Ridgway’s fourth field goal of the game, a 47-yard kick on the last play of regulation time, gave the Roughriders their win over the Argos before 26,139 happy fans at Taylor Field. The winning kick came just 43 seconds after Toronto had tied the game on a 6-yard touchdown pass from Rickey Foggie to Jeff Boyd and a 2-point convert pass from Mr. Foggie to Mr. Boyd. Toronto head coach Don Matthews was upset by a 15-yard penalty for unnecessary roughness called against his team that kept the Roughriders’ final drive alive. The Roughriders twice had 10-point leads in the game--10-0 and 30-20, while the Argos led 20-13 at halftime. Saskatchewan quarterback Kent Austin opened the scoring with a 1-yard touchdown run in the 1st quarter. Mr. Ridgway converted and added a 47-yard field goal before Lance Chomyc got the Argos on the scoreboard with an 11-yard field goal on the last play of the quarter. The Argos went ahead in the 2nd quarter on a 64-yard touchdown pass from Mr. Foggie to Randy Marriott and an 8-yard touchdown run by Mr. Foggie, both converted by Mr. Chomyc. Mr. Ridgway kicked a 22-yard field goal with 1:57 remaining in the quarter, but Mr. Chomyc kicked a 17-yard field goal on the last play of the half. The Roughriders did all the scoring in the 3rd quarter on a 40-yard touchdown rush by Orville Lee and a 20-yard touchdown pass by running back Lucius Floyd to Don Narcisse. Mr. Ridgway converted both majors and added a 12-yard field goal in the first minute of the 4th quarter to give Saskatchewan a 30-20 lead. Mr. Chomyc kicked a 35-yard field goal to make the score 30-23, setting the stage for the last-minute excitement. Mr. Austin directed a balanced attack, as the Roughriders rushed for 200 yards and passed for 220. Milson Jones led the Saskatchewan ground game with 100 yards on 15 carries, and Mr. Lee added 58 on just 4 carries. Ray Elgaard led the Roughriders’ receivers with 6 catches for 47 yards. Mr. Austin completed just 18 of 39 passes for 170 yards and 2 interceptions. Mr. Foggie completed 13 of 29 passes for 235 yards and rushed 9 times for 121 yards. Mr. Boyd led all receivers with 81 yards on 4 receptions. The Saskatchewan defense held Argos’ star Mike "Pinball" Clemons to 16 yards on 4 rushes and 6 yards on 1 pass reception. Mr. Ridgway’s performance gave him two single-season CFL records: 57 field goals and 223 points, with 1 game remaining to add to his totals.



The Edmonton defense held the Tiger-Cats to 7 first downs and 190 yards net offense and made 3 interceptions as the Eskimos ended a 4-game losing streak before 27,434 fans on a sunny Sunday afternoon at Commonwealth Stadium. Ray Macoritti kicked 5 field goals, a convert, and 3 singles as the Eskimos came back from an 11-3 2nd-quarter deficit. Edmonton quarterback Tracy Ham directed an offense that amassed 28 first downs, 268 yards rushing, and 463 yards net offense, but could manage just 1 touchdown--a 22-yard pass from Mr. Ham to Keith Wright at 4:35 of the 4th quarter. Hamilton’s touchdown came in the 2nd quarter on a 75-yard pass from Mike Kerrigan to Earl Winfield on the first play after Mr. Macoritti had kicked a 27-yard field goal to reduce the Tiger-Cats’ lead to 4-3. Paul Osbaldiston converted Mr. Winfield’s touchdown and added 2 field goals and 2 singles. Michael Soles led the Eskimos’ rushing attack with 104 yards on 19 carries, while Mr. Ham rushed 14 times for 101 yards and Blake Marshall added 47 on 13 carries. The Eskimos limited the Tiger-Cats, to just 13 yards on 13 rushing plays. Mr. Winfield led all receivers with 127 yards on 4 receptions, while Craig Ellis led the Eskimos with 7 receptions for 111 yards. Mr. Ham completed just 14 of 34 passes for 195 yards and an interception, but he still had a better day than Mr. Kerrigan, who played the entire game despite completing just 8 of 32 passes for 177 yards and 3 interceptions. The Eskimos controlled the ball almost twice as long as the Tiger-Cats did--the difference in time of possession was 39:13 to 20:47. Hamilton’s attack was limited by the absence of 2 key players: running back Derrick McAdoo, who didn’t make the trip to Edmonton, and wide receiver Tony Champion, who was scratched from the lineup after being taken to hospital the night before the game with an inflamed gall bladder. David Adams, who replaced Mr. McAdoo, left with a pulled hamstring in the 1st quarter after rushing 3 times for 4 yards and catching 1 pass for 6.

25 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): Het is een Nacht... (Levensecht)--Guus Meeuwis & Vagant (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): You are Not Alone--Michael Jackson

#1 single in France (SNEP): Je sais pas--Céline Dion (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Het is een nacht... (Levensecht) (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V.

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Fantasy--Mariah Carey (5th week at #1)
2 Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V.
3 Runaway--Janet Jackson
4 Kiss from a Rose--Seal
5 You are Not Alone--Michael Jackson
6 As I Lay Me Down--Sophie B. Hawkins
7 Tell Me--Groove Theory
8 Only Wanna Be with You--Hootie & the Blowfish
9 Back for Good--Take That
10 Carnival--Natalie Merchant

Singles entering the chart were Dreaming of You by Selena (#38); A Girl Like You by Edwyn Collins (#43); Liquid Swords by Genius/GZA (#66); East Side Rendezvous by Frost (#81); I Miss You (Come Back Home) by Monifah (#85); Wings of the Morning by Capleton (#88); (If You're Not in it for Love) I'm Outta Here!/The Woman in Me by Shania Twain (#90); Bomdigi by Erick Sermon (#93); (You Make Me Feel Like) A Natural Woman by Mary J. Blige (#95); and We've Got it Goin' On by Backstreet Boys (#97). I Miss You (Come Back Home) and (You Make Me Feel Like) A Natural Woman were from the television series New York Undercover.

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Fantasy--Mariah Carey (4th week at #1)
2 Runaway--Janet Jackson
3 Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V.
4 Kiss from a Rose--Seal
5 As I Lay Me Down--Sophie B. Hawkins
6 Only Wanna Be with You--Hootie & the Blowfish
7 Brokenhearted--Brandy
8 Roll to Me--Del Amitri
9 Carnival--Natalie Merchant
10 Tell Me--Groove Theory

Singles entering the chart were One Sweet Day by Mariah Carey and Boyz II Men (#29); You Remind Me of Something by R. Kelly (#48); Hooked on You by Silk (#49); Ants Marching by the Dave Matthews Band (#51); Before You Walk Out of My Life/Like This and Like That by Monica (#58); Cell Thearapy by Goodie Mob (#59); Hook by Blues Traveler (#63); Already Missing You by Gerald and Eddie Levert, Sr. (#74); and I Wish You Well by Tom Cochrane (#89).

Adventure
Canadian acrobat Jay Cochrane crossed 636 metres of steel wire, 411 metres above the Yangtze River in China at Three Gorges, in 53 minutes.

Disasters
289 people were killed and 270 injured in a fire in the subway system of the Azerbaijani capital of Baku. It remains the world's deadliest subway disaster.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (6-12) 25 @ British Columbia (10-8) 30

Lui Passaglia kicked a field goal late in the 3rd quarter and two more in the 4th quarter to give the Lions their win over the Roughriders before 27,464 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. B.C. running back Cory Philpot rushed 1 yard and 64 yards for touchdowns in the 1st quarter, giving him 22 TDs for the season. Robert Gordon scored the other B.C. touchdown on a 36-yard pass from Danny McManus in the 2nd quarter. Dan Farthing scored the first Saskatchewan touchdown in the 2nd quarter on a 5-yard pass from Tom Burgess, and promptly caught another pass from Mr. Burgess for a 2-point convert. Defensive back Terryl Ulmer scored the other Saskatchewan TD on a 41-yard interception return in the 3rd quarter. Paul McCallum added a convert and 3 field goals for the Roughriders, who needed to win the game to clinch the fifth and last playoff spot in the North Division.

CIAU
Saskatchewan 41 Alberta 7

Baseball
World Series
Cleveland Indians 0 @ Atlanta Braves 1 (Atlanta won best-of-seven series 4-2)

David Justice hit a home run off Jim Poole to lead off the bottom of the 6th inning, and Tom Glavine allowed just 1 hit in 8 innings to get the win as the Braves edged the Indians before 51,875 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium to win their first World Series since 1957, when the team was based in Milwaukee. The Braves became the first tean to win a World Series while being based in three different cities, having won their first World Series as the Boston Braves in 1914. Mr. Glavine, who was also the winning pitcher in game 2, was named the series' Most Valuable Player. The only Cleveland hit was a bloop single by Tony Pena leading off the 6th. Mark Wohlers pitched the 9th inning for the Braves and retired the Indians in order to earn his second save of the series.



20 years ago
2000


Died on this date
Andújar Cedeño, 31
. Dominican baseball player. Mr. Cedeño was a shortstop with the Houston Astros (1990-1994, 1996); San Diego Padres (1995-1996); and Detroit Tigers (1996), batting .236 with 47 home runs and 223 runs batted in in 616 games. He hit for the cycle against the St. Louis Cardinals on August 25, 1992. Mr. Cedeño was still an active player in his native Dominican Republic when he was killed in a car accident.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (5-11-1) 54 @ Edmonton (10-7-0-1) 52 (4 OT)
Hamilton (8-9-0-2) 22 @ British Columbia (7-10-0-1) 28

Paul McCallum kicked a 52-yard field goal with 42 seconds remaining in regulation time to tie the game 30-30 and then kicked a 43-yard field goal on the last play of the 4th possession of overtime to give the Roughriders their second win of the season at Commonwealth Stadium, the first time since 1969 that Saskatchewan had won 2 games in Edmonton in the same season. Marvin Graves, replacing the injured Henry Burris at quarterback for the Roughriders, completed 13 of 24 passes for 229 yards and touchdowns to Curtis Marsh, Chris Szarka, and Dan Farthing, with the last 2 coming on the 2nd and 3rd possessions of overtime. Mr. Graves also rushed 6 times for 28 yards, including a 1-yard touchdown on the 1st overtime possession. Linebacker Trevis Smith scored a Saskatchewan touchdown on a 13-yard fumble return early in the 4th quarter, and Demetris Bendross scored later in the quarter on a 91-yard kickoff return, tying Eric Blount’s single-season CFL record with 2 touchdowns on kickoff returns. Mr. McCallum added 6 converts and 4 field goals. Saskatchewan running back Darren Davis chewed up the Edmonton defense for 220 yards on 20 carries; Mr. Bendross led the Roughriders’ receivers with 72 yards on 3 receptions. Edmonton quarterback Nealon Greene continued his fine late-season play, rushing 11 times for 116 yards and completing 25 of 36 passes for 341 yards and 3 touchdowns. Kez McCorvey and Terry Vaughn caught touchdown passes from Mr. Greene in the 4th quarter, and Mr. McCorvey caught another touchdown pass on the 1st possession of overtime. Mark Nohra rushed 22 times for 101 yards and 2 touchdowns--a 1-yard run in the 2nd quarter and a 20-yard run on the 3rd possession of overtime. Shawn Daniels scored the other Edmonton touchdown on a 1-yard rush on the 2nd possession of overtime. Sean Fleming added 6 converts and 3 field goals, but his 30-yard attempt on the 4th overtime possession was wide for a single, enabling the Roughriders to win the game with Mr. McCallum’s last kick. Mr. Vaughn led all receivers with 12 receptions for 162 yards; Mr. McCorvey, whose touchdowns were his 14th and 15th of the season, caught 7 passes for 111 yards. 34,218 were in attendance to see the final game in the Hall of Fame career of Henry "Gizmo" Williams of the Eskimos, the greatest punt returner in CFL history. He returned 2 kickoffs for 63 yards, but strained a hip flexor while returning a punt for 13 yards in the 2nd quarter, and left the field for the last time. Mr. Williams played professional football for 16 seasons, 14 of them in the CFL--all with the Eskimos. His 26 touchdowns on punt returns remains a CFL regular season record.

Damon Allen completed 26 of 35 passes for 345 yards and 3 touchdowns and passed Ron Lancaster to become the CFL’s career leader in passing yardage. Mr. Allen’s touchdown tosses covered 52 yards to Jimmy Oliver in the 1st quarter; 45 yards to Alfred Jackson in the 2nd quarter; and 14 yards to Simon Baffoe in the 4th quarter. The touchdown pass to Mr. Jackson was the play that gave Mr. Allen 50,580 yards passing in a 16-year career. Sean Millington rushed 1 yard in the 2nd quarter for the other B.C. touchdown, all of which were converted by Lui Passaglia. Paul Osbaldiston’s 4 field goals accounted for all of Hamilton’s scoring until the last minute of the game, when backup quarterback Cody Ledbetter completed a 19-yard touchdown pass to Mike Juhasz and then threw to Darren Flutie for a 2-point convert. Mr. Passaglia conceded a safety touch on the last play of the game to complete the scoring. Mr. Millington led all rushers with 70 yards on 15 carries; Ronald Williams led the Tiger-Cats with 10 caries for 36 yards. Mr. Oliver caught 6 passes for 112 yards, and Mr. Jackson 5 for 94. Mr. Flutie led the Tiger-Cats with 7 receptions for 83 yards. Hamilton starting quarterback Danny McManus had a terrible game, completing just 5 of 18 passes for 38 yards and an interception. Mr. Ledbetter was 12 for 20 for 153 yards and 3 interceptions. Mr. Lancaster was on hand to see his record broken, since he was head coach of the Tiger-Cats. B.C.’s win eliminated the Saskatchewan Roughriders from playoff contention. Attendance at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver was 21,303.

CIAU
Regina 28 @ Alberta 10

This was supposed to be the second half of a football doubleheader at Commonwealth Stadium in Edmonton, but the University of Alberta screwed things up in typical fashion, and the game was played at Varsity Stadium at exactly the same time as the Eskimos’ game, thus preventing those of us with tickets for both games from seeing both games. This was the final football game played at Varsity Stadium.

Baseball
Nippon Series
Fukuoka Daiei Hawks 3 @ Yomiuri Giants 9 (Yomiuri won best-of-seven series 4-2)

10 years ago
2010


Died on this date
James MacArthur, 72
. U.S. actor. Mr. MacArthur, the adopted son of playwright Charles MacArthur and actress Helen Hayes, began acting as a child, and starred in the movies The Young Stranger (1957); The Light in the Forest (1958); and Third Man on the Mountain (1959). He was best known for playing Danny Williams in the television police series Hawaii Five-O (1968-1979). Mr. MacArthur died of cancer.

Jonathan Motzfeldt, 72. Prime Minister of Greenland, 1979-1991, 1997-2002. Mr. Motzfeldt joined the socialist Siumut Party in the 1970s, and became a leader in the movement for Greenland Home Rule, representing Nanortalik in the Landsting from 1979-2009. He was forced to resign as Prime Minister in 1991 because of a drinking problem, but returned to power six years later. Criticism over handling of Greenland's economy led to Siumut's defeat in the 2002 election. Mr. Motzfeldt was subsequently elected Speaker of the Landsting, but resigned in January 2008 amidts accusations of sexual harassment. A scandal involving spending of public funds for private purposes, as well as accusations of renewed drinking, led to Mr. Motzfeldt losing his seat i the 2009 election. He died from a cerebral hemorrhage.

Baseball
World Series
Texas Rangers 0 @ San Francisco Giants 9 (San Francisco led best-of-seven series 2-0)

The Giants broke open a close game with 7 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning as they shut out the Rangers before 43,622 fans at AT&T Park. Edgar Renteria's solo home run in the 5th inning was the winning run. Winning pitcher Matt Cain (1-0) allowed 4 hits in 7.2 innings.