Friday, 31 August 2018

August 31, 2018

Married on this date
Happy Anniversary, Lois & Lee Morrow!

1,700 years ago
318


Died on this date
Liu Cong
. Emperor of Han Zhao, 310-318. Liu Cong was a son of Emperor Liu Yuan, who founded Han Zhao, a state of the nomadic Xiongnu people. Following Liu Yuan's death in 310, Liu Cong won a power struggle by killing his older brother Liu He. Liu Cong became increasingly dictatorial during his reign, and died of a brief illness, apparently brought on by the death of his son Liu Kang in a fire in the summer of 318. Liu Cong was succeeded on the throne by his son Liu Can.

1,000 years ago
1018


Born on this date
Jeongjong II
. King of Goryeo (Korea), 1034-1046. Jeongjong II, the second son of Hyeonjong, succeeded his elder brother Deokjong on the throne. Jeongjong II completed the Cheolli Jangseong, an enormous wall across northern Korea, in 1044. King Jeongjong II died on June 24, 1046 at the age of 27 and was succeeded by his younger brother Munjong.

850 years ago
1168


Born on this date
Zhang Zong
. Emperor of China, 1189-1208. Zhang Zong, born Madage, succeeded his grandfather Shizong as Emperor of the Jin dynasty. He encouraged the use of the Jurchen language and customs, and built Confucian temples throughout the empire. Zhang Zong died on December 29, 1208 at the age of 40, less than a month short of 20 years on the throne. He was succeeded by his son Wanyan Yongji.

800 years ago
1218


Died on this date
Al-Adil I, 73
. Sultan of Egypt, 1200-1218. Emir of Damascus, 1196-1218. Al Adil I, whose full name was al-Malik al-Adil Sayf ad-Din Abu-Bakr Ahmed ibn Najm ad-Din Ayyub, was known in the West as Saphadin, the younger brother of Saladin. Saphadin succeeded his brother as Emir of Damascus, and won a power struggle with his brothers to become Sultan of the Ayyubid dynasty. Sultan Al-Adil I promoted trade and good relations with the Crusader states, but he was killed in a campaign against a Crusader invasion, and was succeeded on the throne by his son Al-Kamil.

425 years ago
1593


Died on this date
Pierre Barrière
. French criminal. Mr. Barrière was executed by breaking on the wheel and dismemberment four days after attempting to assassinate King Henry IV. Mr. Barrière was denounced by a Dominican priest to whom he had confessed the crime.

330 years ago
1688


Died on this date
John Bunyan, 59
. English author and preacher. Mr. Bunyan, a non-conformist, was best known for his allegorical novel The Pilgrim's Progress (1678-1684).

175 years ago
1843


Born on this date
Georg von Hertling
. Chancellor of the German Empire, 1917-1918. Mr. Hertling, a member of the Centre Party, was Minister-President of Bavaria from 1912-1917 before serving as Chancellor of the German Empire and Minister-President of Prussia. He was viewed as a puppet of German military leaders during the last year of World War I, and was forced to resign as Chancellor on September 30, 1918 when it was clear that he was unable to manage the collapse of the home front. Mr. Hertling died just three months later on January 4, 1919 at the age of 75.

130 years ago
1888


Died on this date
Mary Ann Nichols, 43
. U.K. murder victim. Mrs. Nichols, a prostitute in the Whitechapel area of London, was considered to be the first victim of the murderer known as Jack the Ripper.

110 years ago
1908


Born on this date
William Saroyan
. U.S. author and playwright. Mr. Saroyan was the son of Armenian immigrants, and wrotw extensively about the Armenian immigrant experience in California. His play The Time of Your Life (1939) became the first drama to win the Pulitzer Prize for Drama and the New York Drama Critics Circle Award. He won an Academy Award for his story for The Human Comedy (1943). When MGM Pictures rejected Mr. Saroyan's original script for the movie, he had it published as a novel, shortly before the film's release. Mr. Saroyan died of prostate cancer on May 18, 1981 at the age of 72.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Ana María González
. Mexican singer. Miss González was famous throughout Latin America and Spain, performing in various genres in a career spanning almost 50 years. She died of a heart attack on June 18, 1983 at the age of 64.

Alan Jay Lerner. U.S. songwriter. Mr. Lerner was a lyricist and librettist who was best known for his partnership with Frederick Loewe on musical plays such as Brigadoon (1947); My Fair Lady (1956); and Camelot (1960). He won three Academy Awards and three Tony Awards. Mr. Lerner died of lung cancer on June 14, 1986 at the age of 67.

90 years ago
1928


Diplomacy
The U.S.S.R. notified the French envoy in Moscow that it would adhere to the Kellogg-Briand Pact, renouncing war as an instrument of national policy.

Politics and government
The National Executive Committee of the U.S. Prohibition Party voted 4-3 to keep their U.S. presidential ticket in the field.

Crime
In Philadelphia, a U.S. federal grand jury, which for 10 days had been investigating the activities of gangsters and bootleggers, declared in a preliminary report that the city was in the grip of a wealthy, powerful, and highly-organized criminal ring, which, with the benefit of efficient legal advice, had conducted an organized system of bribery, robbery, assault, and murder, using notorious criminals, thugs, and gunmen "who have been put upon the streets of Philadelphia with deadly weapons, and in the conduct of their illegal purposes have not hesitated to indulge in bloodshed and wanton brutality."

80 years ago
1938


Disasters
Torrential rains hit the St. Lawrence River Valley in Quebec; 12 people were killed in flooding and landslides.

75 years ago
1943


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): White Christmas--Bing Crosby (3rd month at #1)

War
The Soviet Red Army opened a drive on Smolensk, 220 miles south of Moscow.

Politics and government
Chilean President Juan Antonio Rios revised his cabinet to give more posts to Radical Party members.

Law
India's highest tribunal upheld the right of the British viceroy to hold Hindu nationalist leader Mohandas Gandhi and other political prisoners without trial.

Journalism
Without mentioning Drew Pearson's name, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, in a press conference, assailed the columnist as a chronic liar and said that his charge that Secretary of State Cordell Hull was anti-Soviet was a lie from beginning to end.

Oil
The U.S. Office of Price Administration announced plans for new gasoline ration coupon centres to check thefts and permit stricter investigation of requests for extra supplies, after U.S. Representative Fred Hartley, Jr. (Republican--New Jersey) had charged that fuel saved by reducing Midwest allotments was going to black markets.

70 years ago
1948


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Near You--Bing Crosby; Dick Haymes and the Andrews Sisters (4th month at #1)

Died on this date
Andrei Zhdanov, 52
. U.S.S.R. politician. Mr. Zhdanov held various positions, including Second Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the U.S.S.R. from 1939-1948. Mr. Zhdanov was intended to be the successor to First Secretary Josef Stalin, but he was a drunkard, and died in a sanatorium of a reported heart attack, shortly after taking a contrary stand on Yugoslavia to that of Mr. Stalin.

Diplomacy
Allied military governors began negotiations on a Berlin settlement, holding the first session of the Allied Control Council since the withdrawal of the U.S.S.R. on March 20, 1948. Allied deputy foreign ministers ended a year of discussions on disposition of Italy's foreign colonies without agreement.

Politics and government
Yugoslavian President Marshal Josip Broz Tito eliminated all non-Communists from his cabinet, with the exception of Justice Minister Frane Frol. Deputy Premier Eduard Kardelj replaced Stanoje Simich as Foreign Minister.

The French National Assembly gave Robert Schuman a vote of confidence following his appointment as Prime Minister by President Vincent Auriol.

Labour
American Federation of Labor International Ladies Garment Workers Union President David Dubinsky announced the formation of an IGLWU Political Campaign Committee to support U.S. President Harry Truman and congressional candidates opposed to the Taft-Hartley Act. The Congress of Industrial Organizations Executive Board also promised to back President Truman.

Illinois barred the Progressive Party from the state ballot in coming elections.

Chess
Herman Steiner of Los Angeles won the U.S. Chess Federation Championship in South Fallsburg, New York.

Football
IRFU
Ottawa (1-0) 36 @ Montreal (0-1) 18

Tony Golab scored 2 touchdowns and Doug Smylie, Bob Paffrath, Nelson Greene, and Lally Lalonde also scored TDs for the Rough Riders as they overcame an early 12-0 deficit to beat the Alouettes before 11,000 fans at Royals Stadium. Eric Chipper converted 4 of the Ottawa touchdowns, and Ace Powell converted the other. Bronco Reese and Glen Douglas scored to give the Alouettes an early lead, and Virgil Wagner closed the scoring with a Montreal touchdown.

60 years ago
1958


Sport
Italy won the eight-oar title and Australia's Stuart Mackenzie the single sculls title at the world rowing championships in Poznan, Poland.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): MacArthur Park--Richard Harris (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Rain and Tears--Aphrodite's Child (12th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): La nostra favola--Jimmy Fontana (5th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Du sollst nicht weinen--Heintje (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Help Yourself--Tom Jones (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Help Yourself--Tom Jones

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): People Got to Be Free--The Rascals (3rd week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Ich Bau' Dir Ein Schloss--Heintje (10th week at #1)
2 Dong-Dong-Di-Ki-Di-Gi-Dong--Golden Earrings
3 Times were When--The Cats
4 Callow-La-Vita--Raymond Froggatt
5 Do it Again--The Beach Boys
6 Fire--The Crazy World of Arthur Brown
7 I've Gotta Get a Message to You--The Bee Gees
8 Abergavenny--Marty Wilde
9 Help Yourself--Tom Jones
--Dans Met Mij--Ben Cramer
10 Rain and Tears--Aphrodite's Child

Singles entering the chart were Classical Gas by Mason Williams (#34); Gotta See Jane by R. Dean Taylor (#39); and Ice in the Sun by the Status Quo (#40).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 People Got to Be Free--The Rascals (2nd week at #1)
2 Born to Be Wild--Steppenwolf
3 Light My Fire--Jose Feliciano
4 Turn Around, Look at Me--The Vogues
5 Hello, I Love You--The Doors
6 Sunshine of Your Love--Cream
7 Classical Gas--Mason Williams
8 Sealed with a Kiss--Gary Lewis and the Playboys
9 Soul-Limbo--Booker T. & the M.G.'s
10 Dream a Little Dream of Me--Mama Cass

Singles entering the chart were To Wait for Love by Herb Alpert (#79); I Wish it Would Rain by Gladys Knight & the Pips (#80); Hey, Western Union Man by Jerry Butler (#91); Shape of Things to Come by Max Frost and the Troopers (#92); Walk in the Park by Claudine Longet (#94); Private Number by Judy Clay and William Bell (#97); Fly Me to the Moon by Bobby Womack (#99); and The Funky Judge by Bull and the Matadors (#100). Shape of Things to Come was from the movie Wild in the Streets (1968).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Hello, I Love You--The Doors (3rd week at #1)
2 Sunshine of Your Love--Cream
3 1,2,3, Red Light--1910 Fruitgum Company
4 My Name is Jack--Manfred Mann
5 Girl from the North Country--Tom Northcott
6 Do it Again--The Beach Boys
7 Pictures of Matchstick Men--The Status Quo
8 On the Road Again--Canned Heat
9 Born to Be Wild--Steppenwolf
10 Lady Willpower--Gary Puckett and the Union Gap
Pick hit of the week: Street Fighting Man--The Rolling Stones

War
American deaths in Vietnam for the week of August 25-31 were reported at 408, while North Vietnamese and Viet Cong deaths ere put at 4,755, most of them in the attack on a U.S. camp at Duclap in the mountains near Cambodia. Total U.S. casualties reported since 1961 came to 27,508 killed and 171,809 wounded.

40 years ago
1978


Died on this date
John Wrathall, 65
. 2nd President of Rhodesia, 1976-1978. Mr. Wrathall, a member of the National Front, held various cabinet posts before serving as President until his death from a heart attack, three days after his 65th birthday. He was the last white President of Rhodesia.

Disappeared on this date
Musa al-Sadr, the Iranian-born Shia Muslim cleric and then religious leader of Lebanon, disappeared during an official visit to Libya.

Crime
William and Emily Harris pled guilty to kidnapping American newspaper heiress Patty Hearst from her Berkeley, California apartment in 1974.

Politics and government
U.S. President Jimmy Carter appointed Agriculture Department counsel Sarah Weddington, an abortion rights advocate, to a women's issues position in his administration, replacing Midge Costanza, who had resigned a month earlier.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Superstitious--Europe (4th week at #1)

Journalism
Moncton's daily newspaper Le Matin declared bankruptcy, leaving L'Acadie NOUVELLE, in Caraquet, as the only French-language daily in New Brunswick.

Football
CFL
Calgary (2-6) 17 @ Toronto (7-1) 33
Saskatchewan (4-4) 35 @ Winnipeg (4-4) 38

25 years ago
1993


World events
Church bells rang in Lithuania as the last Russian troops left Lithuania after more than half a century of Soviet and Russian occupation.

Environment
Canadian Fisheries Minister Ross Reid announced that east coast fisheries would be shut down in five more areas until the end of the 1993 fishing season and that quotas would be slashed in three other areas.

20 years ago
1998


Space
North Korea claimed to have successfully launched Kwangmyŏngsŏng-1, its first satellite, although no objects were ever tracked in orbit from the launch.

10 years ago
2008


Died on this date
Ike Pappas, 75
. U.S. journalist. Mr. Pappas was a correspondent with CBS News from 1962-1987. He was at the Dallas jail on November 24, 1963 and asked President John F. Kennedy's assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald, if he had anything to say in his defense; at that moment, Jack Ruby fatally shot Mr. Oswald.

Ken Campbell, 66. U.K. actor and director. Mr. Campbell was known for his work in experimental theatre, especially for his nine-hour adaptation of the science-fiction trilogy Illuminatus! (1976) and his 22-hour staging of Neil Oram's play cycle The Warp (1979).

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (2-7) 6 @ Saskatchewan (7-2) 19

Thursday, 30 August 2018

August 30, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Michelle Kent!

590 years ago
1428


Died on this date
Shōkō, 27
. Emperor of Japan, 1412-1428. Shōkō, born Mihito, acceded to the throne upon the abdicaton of his father Go-Komatsu. He regularly practiced abstinence and fasting, which may have led to his death. Shōkō left no heir, and was succeeded as Emperor by his third cousin Go-Hanazono.

200 years ago
1818


Born on this date
Alexander H. Rice
. U.S. politician. Mr. Rice, a Republican, was Mayor of Boston (1856-1858) before representing Massachusetts in the U.S. Representatives from 1859-1867 and serving as Governor of Massachusetts from 1876-1879. He died after a long illness on July 22, 1895 at the age of 76.

125 years ago
1893


Born on this date
Vera Kholodnaya
. Ukrainian actress. Mrs. Kholodnaya, born Vera Levchenko, was the first star of Russian silent cinema, appearing in 50-100 films from 1914-1918. She was at the peak of her popularity when she died on February 16, 1919 at the age of 25, officially a victim of the influenza epidemic, although conspiracy theories abound.

Huey Long. U.S. politician. The man known as the "Kingfish," Mr. Long was Governor of Louisiana from 1928-1932 and United States Senator from 1932-1935. His populist policies included big spending on public works, educational institutions (e.g. Louisiana State University), and old-age pensions. He dubbed his program "Share Our Wealth," and sang a theme song called Every Man a King. Mr. Long was accused of dictatorial practices while Governor, and still controlled state politics while he was in the U.S. Senate. He was considered a likely challenger to President Franklin D. Roosevelt for the Democratic party presidential nomination in 1936. Mr. Long died on September 10, 1935, 11 days after his 42nd birthday, and two days after being shot in the Louisiana state Capitol building. Dr. Carl Weiss, a physician whose father-in-law was a judge who had reportedly been gerrymandered out of his electoral district because of his opposition to Mr. Long, went to the Louisiana state Capitol building in Baton Rouge. Dr. Weiss had a gun in his coat, and shots were fired, most of them by Mr. Long's bodyguards, with 32 bullets going into or through Dr. Weiss. In the early 1990s the NBC television documentary program Unsolved Mysteries ran a segment on the incident, and the evidence indicated that the bullet that mortally wounded Mr. Long had been fired by one of his bodyguards, not by Dr. Weiss.

110 years ago
1908


Born on this date
Fred MacMurray
. U.S. actor. Mr. MacMurray was mainly known for comic roles in movies such as The Absent-Minded Professor (1961) and Son of Flubber (1963), but was also memorable as a "heavy" in films such as Double Indemnity (1944); The Caine Mutiny (1954); and The Apartment (1960). He was best known to a later generation as the star of the television comedy series My Three Sons (1960-1972). Mr. MacMurray died of pneumonia on November 5, 1991 at the age of 83 after battling leukemia for a decade.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Alvin Bentley
. U.S. politician and diplomat. Mr. Bentley, a Republican, served with the United States Foreign Service (1942-1950) before entering politics. He represented Michigan's 8th District in the U.S. House of Representatives (1953-1961), and was best known for being one of five Congressmen who were wounded in an armed attack on the House by five Puerto Rican terrorists on March 1, 1954. Mr. Bentley unsuccessfully ran for the Senate in 1960 and the House of Representatives in 1962. His health took a turn for the worse when he was required to use a wheelchair after some form of corrective surgery, and he died at the age of 50 on April 10, 1969 of an "inflammation affecting the central nervous system" while on vacation in Tucson, Arizona.

Ted Williams. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Williams was an outfielder (mostly playing left field) with the Boston Red Sox from 1939-1942 and 1946-1960. He led the American League in batting average in 1941, 1942, 1957, and 1958. In 1941 he hit .406, and remains the most recent player to reach the .400 mark for a season. In 2,292 games he batted .341 with 521 home runs and 1,839 runs batted in. His home run and RBI totals would have been much higher had he not missed all of the 1943-1945 seasons while serving as a pilot in World War II and almost all of the 1952 and 1953 seasons serving in the Korean War. Mr. Williams was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1966, his first year of eligibility. He died on July 5, 2002 at the age of 83.

Billy Johnson. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Johnson was a third baseman with the New York Yankees (1943, 1946-1951) and St. Louis Cardinals (1951-1953), batting .271 with 61 home runs and 487 runs batted in in 964 regular season games and .237 with no homers and 5 RBIs in 18 World Series games. He led the American League in triples in 1947 with 13, and played with the World Series championship teams in 1943, 1947, 1949, and 1950, leading the 1943 World Series in hits (6) and the 1947 World Series in triples (3). Mr. Johnson died on June 20, 2006 at the age of 87.

Died on this date
Moisei Uritsky, 45
. Russian revolutionist. Mr. Uritsky was a leader of the Bolshevik Revolution in1917 and was chief of the secret police commission Cheka in Petrograd. He was assassinated in Petrograd by Imperial Russian Army cadet Leonid Kannegisser in retaliation for the execution of Mr. Kannegisser' friend and other officers.

Crime
Socialist Revolutionary Party member Fanni Kaplan shot and seriously wounded Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin in Moscow. Along with the assassination of Moisei Uritsky, this prompted the decree for Red Terror and the revival of capital punishment.

90 years ago
1928


Died on this date
Wilhelm Wien, 64
. German physicist. Dr. Wien was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1911 "for his discoveries regarding the laws governing the radiation of heat."

Martin L. Miller, 22. U.S. criminal. Mr. Miller, a Negro, was executed in Sing Sing Prison, New York for the March 19, 1928 murder of Mrs. Helen Kimball, a schoolteacher who had surprised him during the robbery of her apartment in Brooklyn.

Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State Frank Kellogg arrived in Dublin aboard the U.S. cruiser Detroit, coming from the Paris peace conference.

Politics and government
U.S. Senator Joseph T. Robinson (Arkansas) accepted the Democratic Party U.S. vice presidential nomination.

Disasters
Six miners were killed in a blow-out at Coal Creek No.1 East in British Columbia.

80 years ago
1938


Died on this date
Max Factor, Sr., 65
. Polish-born U.S. make-up artist and businessman. Mr. Factor, born Maksymilian Faktorowicz in Lodz, lived in Berlin and Moscow before moving to the United States in 1904. He founded the cosmetics firm Max Factor & Company in Los Angeles in 1909. Mr. Factor popularized the term "makeup" as a noun as well as a verb, and was given an honourary Academy Award in 1929 for his contributions to motion pictures.

75 years ago
1943


War
Soviet forces took Taganrog, the southern anchor of the German line since October 19, 1941. U.S. forces occupied Arundel Island in the Solomons, further closing the trap on the Japanese garrison at Vila, Kolombangara Island.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt returned to Washington from Quebec and conferred with Chinese Foreign Minister Dr. T.V. Soong. U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull said that charges that the State Department as anti-Soviet were "monstrous and diabolical falsehoods," and assailed columnist Drew Pearson for his assertion that Mr. Hull and other State Dept. officials "actually wished the Soviet Union to be bled white."

Defense
The U.S. Navy aircraft carrier USS Hornet, successor to the vessel lost off Guadalcanal and previously used as a base for the raid on Tokyo, was launched at the Newport News, Virginia Shipbuilding and Drydock Company yards.

Abominations
The Swedish government reported that the Danish royal family had been interned by the Germans at Amalienborg Castle in Copenhagen.

Economics and finance
U.S. Federal Judge Bascon Deaver ruled that rent ceiling prices of the Emergency Price Control Act were unconstitutional; the Office of Price Administration said that it would appeal the decision. U.S. Fuel Administrator Harold Ickes and the OPA announced in Washington that the ban on pleasure driving on the Atlantic seaboard that had been in effect since May 20 would be lifted on September 1.

Labour
About 60,000 members of the Mexican Confederation of Workers held a mass meeting in Mexico City to protest rising living costs and to demand wage increases.

Disasters
27 people were killed and 150 injured when the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad express Lackawanna Limited collided with a freight locomotive near Wayland, New York, and was wrecked. All but one of the fatalities were caused by live steam from the boiler of the freight locomotive.

70 years ago
1948


On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis, on MBS

Radio
Hooperatings reported that the most popular evening programs in the United States were Take it or Leave It; Stop the Music; and The Horace Heidt Show.

Diplomacy
U.S.S.R. Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov, meeting with Western envoys in Moscow, agreed to shift talks on a Berlin settlement to Allied military headquarters in that city.

The International Refugee Organization became an official United Nations specialized agency after Denmark ratified the IRO charter, becoming the 15th nation to do so.

The International Red Cross ended a 10-day conference in Stockholm after appealing for a ban on nuclear weapons and revision of the rules of war to emphasize protection of civilians.

World events
Former Czechoslovakian delegate to the United Nations Jan Papanek claimed knowledge of a medical report which showed that Foreign Minister Jan Masaryk had been murdered before being thrown through a window of the Foreign Ministry in Prague on March 10, 1948.

Defense
Registration began for the peacetime draft, the second in U.S. history.

Politics and government
Former U.S. Assistant Secretary of State Adolf Berle told the House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities that former State Department employee Alger Hiss had advocated a "pro-Russian" policy while employed in the Department during World War II but that he had been investigated and cleared of charges of being a Communist agent. Alexander Stevens, a Czech national and alleged Communist spy, appeared before a House Un-American Activities subcommittee while in New York to face deportation hearings. Although he refused to answer the subcommittee's questions, Time editor Whittaker Chambers identified him as the head of the Communist espionage network in the United States during the 1930s.

New York's American Labor Party endorsed the Progressive Party U.S. presidential ticket of Henry Wallace and Glen Taylor.

Transportation
Kaiser-Frazer announced plans to enter the low-price auto field in competition with Chevrolet, Ford, and Plymouth.

Football
WIFU
Winnipeg (1-2) 0 @ Calgary (2-0) 30

Paul Rowe scored 2 touchdowns, Harry Hood scored a touchdown and convert, and Bill Pullar and Dave Berry added TDs for the Stampeders as they routed the Blue Bombers at Mewata Stadium. Bill Wusyk added 3 converts.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): The Purple People Eater--Sheb Wooley (5th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Sail Along Silvery Moon--Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra (8th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Hello, le soleil brille--Annie Cordy (25th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): When--The Kalin Twins

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Nel Blu Dipinto di Blu (Volare)--Domenico Modugno (2nd week at #1)
--Dean Martin
2 Little Star--The Elegants
3 Patricia--Perez Prado and his Orchestra
4 Bird Dog--The Everly Brothers
5 Poor Little Fool--Ricky Nelson
6 Everybody Loves a Lover--Doris Day
7 Just a Dream--Jimmy Clanton and the Rockets
8 My True Love--Jack Scott
9 Fever--Peggy Lee
10 When--The Kalin Twins

Singles entering the chart were Over and Over, with versions by Bobby Day, and Thurston Harris (#51); Carol by Chuck Berry (#54); The Green Mosquito by the Tune Rockers (#67); Where the Blue of the Night by Tommy Mara (#70); and My Lucky Love by Doug Franklin with the Bluenotes (#73).

Died on this date
John C.H. Lee, 71
. U.S. military officer. Lieutenant General "Court House" Lee commanded the Communications Zone in the European Theater of Operations during World War II. He was an engineer with a reputation for getting things done, but his belief in the outer forms of strong discipline made him disliked by many, and he was given the nickname, based on his initials, "Jesus Christ Himself."

Éric de Bisschop, 66. French explorer. Mr. Bisschop had a 30-year career as a seafarer in the Pacific Ocean. He was investigating the theory that ancient Polynesian and South American people maintained contact by sailing across the South Pacific Ocean, but died when his raft broke up on a reef at Rakahanga atoll in the northern Cook Islands.

Frank Demaree, 48. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Demaree was an outfielder with the Chicago Cubs (1932-1933, 1935-1938); New York Giants (1939-1941); Boston Braves (1941-1942); St. Louis Cardinals (1943); and St. Louis Browns (1944), batting .299 with 72 home runs and 591 runs batted in in 1,155 games. With one more hit or one fewer at bat, Mr. Demaree would have had a .300 career major league batting average. He played with pennant-winning teams in 1932, 1935, 1938, and 1943, batting .214 with 3 homers and 6 RBIs in 12 World Series games. Mr. Demaree's best season was probably 1936, when he batted .350 with 16 homers and 96 RBIs. He had a similar season a year later, hitting .324 with 17 home runs and 115 RBIs. Mr. Demaree played in the Pacific Coast League with the Sacramento Senators (1930-1932); Los Angeles Angels (1934); and Portland (1944-1945). In 1934, he hit .383 with 45 home runs and 173 RBIs in 186 games and was named the league's Most Valuable Player. Mr. Demaree died of internal hemorrhaging after being ill for some time, perhaps because of heavy drinking. He was inducted into the PCL Hall of Fame in 2009.

Defense
In a note delivered to the U.S.A. and U.K., the U.S.S.R. accepted U.S. proposals for Big Three talks in Geneva on an international nuclear test ban.

Energy
U.S. and U.K. delegates to the second International Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy in Geneva pledged to end all secrecy curbs applied to their research on the control of thermonuclear reactions.

France announced that she had developed techniques to transform natural uranium into a fissionable form capable of detonating nuclear weapons or powering industrial reactors.

Society
A Louisiana law requiring that blood plasma shipped into the state be labelled according to race went into effect.

Football
CFL
IRFU
Ottawa (1-2) 9 @ Montreal (1-2) 11

ORFU
Detroit (0-2) 6 @ Kitchener-Waterloo (2-0) 41

Pat Abbruzzi scored a touchdown in the 3rd quarter to help the Alouettes edge the Rough Riders at Molson Stadium. Bill Bewley converted and added a field goal, and Montreal quarterback Sam Etcheverry punted for a single. George Brancato scored the Ottawa touchdown in the 4th quarter; Mack Yoho's field goal accounted for the other Ottawa score.

Bernie Custis and Mr. Mitchell each scored 2 touchdowns for the Dutchmen as they routed the Raiders at Kitchener Stadium. Dave West and Royal Bailey also scored K-W TDs, with Mike Norcia adding 4 converts and Bob Celeri punting for a single. Mr. Wegrynoski scored a touchdown for Detroit.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Angel of the Morning--Merrilee Rush (2nd week at #1)

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 People Got to Be Free--The Rascals
2 The Snake--Al Wilson
3 Down at Lulu's--Ohio Express
4 Harper Valley P.T.A.--Ricki Page
5 Born to Be Wild--Steppenwolf
6 On the Road Again--Canned Heat
7 Eyes of a New York Woman--B.J. Thomas
8 You Keep Me Hangin' On--The Vanilla Fudge
9 Tell Someone You Love Them--Dino, Desi and Billy
10 Girl from the North Country--Tom Northcott

Singles entering the chart were Street Fighting Man by the Rolling Stones (#25); Cinnamon by Derek (#26); The Weight by Jackie DeShannon (#27); I've Gotta Get a Message to You by the Bee Gees (#28); and Time for Everyone by the Northwest Company (#29).

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Sunshine of Your Love--Cream
2 Sealed with a Kiss--Gary Lewis and the Playboys
3 You Keep Me Hangin' On--The Vanilla Fudge
4 Sunshine Girl--Herman's Hermits
5 Hello, I Love You--The Doors
6 Born to Be Wild--Steppenwolf
7 Harper Valley P.T.A.--Jeannie C. Riley
8 Mr. Businessman--Ray Stevens
9 Morning Dew--Lulu
10 Pictures of Matchstick Men--The Status Quo
Pick hit of the week: Six Man Band--The Association
New this week: Do What You Gotta Do--Bobby Vee
I Would Be the One--Kensington Market
Please Return Your Love to Me--The Temptations
The Boy with the Green Eyes--The Angels

Died on this date
William Talman, 53
. U.S. actor. Mr. Talman was best known for playing District Attorney Hamilton Burger in the television series Perry Mason (1957-1966). His movies included I Married a Communist (1950) and The Hitch-Hiker (1953), in which he played memorably villainous roles. Mr. Talman, a heavy smoker, died of lung cancer, and filmed two public service spots shortly before his death, warning against the dangers of smoking.



Music
Four days after its release in North America, the single Hey Jude/Revolution by the Beatles was released in the United Kingdom on Apple Records, as one of four singles released that day to launch the label; the others were Those were the Days by Mary Hopkin; Sour Milk Sea by Jackie Lomax; and Thingumybob by the Black Dyke Mills Band.

Labour
The government of Canada cancelled the Winter Works Program first started in 1958-59.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Three Times a Lady--Commodores (2nd week at #1)

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Bart Hendricks!

Died on this date
Paul Nielsen, 31
. Canadian boxer. Mr. Nilsen, nicknamed "The Investment," was a heavyweight from Toronto who began his professional career in 1969 and compiled a record of 14-15. His career was interrupted in the mid-1970s by various personal problems, including scrapes with the law. On December 10, 1976, Mr. Nielsen knocked out George Jerome in 8 rounds to become the first heavyweight champion of the new Canadian Professional Boxing Council, and was scheduled to fight Canadian Boxing Federation champion George Chuvalo in October 1978 to unify the title, but Mr. Nielsen was killed in a car accident in South Carolina.

Economics and finance
Major U.S. banks raised their prime lending rate to 9 1/4% because of Federal Reserve actions designed to fight inflation and prop up the dollar, which continued to slide in all markets except London. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that wages had risen a record 2.1% for the second quarter of 1978, while the consumer price index had risen 2.9% during the same period. A governor of the Federal Reserve warned that inflation might amount to at least 8% through 1979.

Football
CFL
Calgary (3-3-1) 16 @ Ottawa (6-1) 27
British Columbia (3-3-2) 10 @ Edmonton (6-1) 18

Tom Clements and Condredge Holloway each threw a touchdown pass for the Rough Riders as they scored 17 points in the 2nd half to overcome a 16-10 deficit and defeat the Stampeders before 26,665 fans at Lansdowne Park in a game televised nationally on CTV. For defensive back Billy Hardee, it was his first Canadian Football League game and his only game in a Calgary uniform, wearing #17.

Edmonton defensive back Joe Hollimon returned an interception 50 yards for a touchdown in the 2nd quarter to help the Eskimos beat the Lions before 42,768 fans in the first Canadian Football League game ever played at Commonwealth Stadium. Larry Key scored a TD for the Lions on a 26-yard pass from Gary Keithley in the 2nd quarter.

CIAU
WIFL
British Columbia (1-0) 48 @ Saskatchewan (0-1) 7

Gord Penn rushed for 3 touchdowns and Barry Muis caught passes from Dan Smith for 2 more TDs as the Thunderbirds routed the Huskies at Griffiths Stadium in Saskatoon.

Baseball
Sadaharu Oh, 38, of the Yomiuri Giants of Japan's Central League, hit his 800th career home run, by far the most in the history of Japanese baseball. The historic ball landed in the shoe of a fan who had removed it to feel more comfortable.

30 years ago
1988


Died on this date
Jack Marshall, 76
. Prime Minister of New Zealand, 1972. Sir Jack, a member of the National Party, represented Mount Victoria (1946-1954) and Karori (1954-1975) in Parliament, and held several cabinet posts, most notably Deputy Prime Minister (1957, 1960-1972). He served as Prime Minister from February-December 1972, and then as Leader of the Opposition until resigning the party leadership in 1974. Sir Jack died in England while en route to a conference of the United Bible Societies.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that leading economic indicators had declined 0.8% in July.

Swimming
Canadian Vicki Keith staggered ashore from Lake Ontario, ending her marathon swim of all five Great Lakes and setting the women's world distance record of 38 kilometres for the butterfly stroke. Miss Keith had started her marathon on July 1.

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): What's Up?--4 Non Blondes (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Richard Jordan, 56
. U.S. actor. Mr. Jordan appeared in many plays, television programs, and movies. His films included Rooster Cogburn (1975); Logan's Run (1976); Dune (1984); The Secret of My Success (1987); The Hunt for Red October (1990); and Gettysburg (1993). He was in the process of filming The Fugitive (1993) when his fatal brain tumor forced him to withdraw (he was replaced by Jeroen Krabbé).

20 years ago
1998


War
Armed forces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and their Angolan and Zimbabwean allies recaptured Matadi and the Inga dams in the western DRC from Rally for Congolese Democracy (RCD) and Rwandan troops.

10 years ago
2008


Died on this date
Killer Kowalski, 81
. Canadian-born U.S. wrestler. Mr. Kowalski, born Edward Wladyslaw Spulnik in Windsor, Ontario, held numerous titles in a professional career from 1947-1977. He trained wrestlers in later years.

Politics and government
Former Liberal MP Blair Wilson announced that he was joining the Green Party of Canada, becoming the party's first member of Parliament.

Football
CIS
Regina (0-1) 12 @ Manitoba (1-0) 25
Calgary (0-1) 0 @ Saskatchewan (1-0) 25
Simon Fraser (1-1) 13 @ Alberta (1-0) 25

Wednesday, 29 August 2018

August 29, 2018

1,310 years ago
708


Economics and finance
Copper coins were minted in Japan for the first time.

520 years ago
1498


Exploration
Vasco da Gama decided to depart Calicut, India and return to Portugal.

310 years ago
1708


War
Jean-Baptiste Hertel de Rouville led a party of French, Algonquin, and Abenaki warriors in a raid on Haverhill, a small frontier community in the Province of Massachusetts Bay. 16 people were killed and up to 14 captured as the raiding party was chased away by local militia.

290 years ago
1728


Europeana
The city of Nuuk in Greenland was founded as the fort of Godt-Haab by royal Governor Claus Paarss.

260 years ago
1758


War
British forces commanded by General James Wolfe departed Louisbourg, Nova Scotia to destroy Acadian fishing camps and settlements along the Northumberland Strait, from Miramichi north into the Gaspé region.

Politics and government
The Treaty of Easton established the first American Indian reservation, for the Lenape at Indian Mills, New Jersey.

240 years ago
1778


War
British and American forces battled indecisively in the Battle of Rhode Island.

175 years ago
1843


Born on this date
David B. Hill
. U.S. politician. Mr. Hill, a Democrat, was Lieutenant Governor of New York from 1883-1885; Governor of New York from 1885-1891; and represented New York in the United States Senate from 1892-1897. He died on October 20, 1910 of Bright's disease and heart disease at the age of 67.

160 years ago
1858


Canadiana
James Hector, geologist with the Palliser Expedition, was knocked unconscious in a fall from his kicking horse near the Continental Divide in British Columbia. Kicking Horse Pass later became the route of the Canadian Pacific Railway.

120 years ago
1898


Business
The Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company was founded by Frank Seiberling in Akron, Ohio.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Joe Schultz, Jr.
U.S. baseball player, coach, and manager. Mr. Schultz, the son of major league outfielder Joe "Germany" Schultz, was a catcher with the Pittsburgh Pirates (1939-1941) and St. Louis Browns (1943-1948), batting .259 with 1 home run and 46 runs batted in in 240 games. After coaching with the Browns in 1949, he managed in the minor leagues from 1950-1962 before returning to the major leagues as a coach with the St. Louis Cardinals from 1963-1968, helping them win World Series championships in 1964 and 1967 and the National League pennant in 1968. Mr. Schultz managed the expansion Seattle Pilots in 1969, leading them to a 64-98 record. He was fired after the season and coached with the Kansas City Royals (1970) and Detroit Tigers (1971-1976), managing the Tigers to a 14-14 record in the last 28 games of 1973. Mr. Schultz died on January 10, 1996 at the age of 77.

War
The French commune of Bapaume was taken by the New Zealand Division in the Hundred Days Offensive. Brutinel's Brigade, the first fully motorized brigade in the British Empire armies, advanced the front line by approximately one kilometre by seizing Bench Farm and Victoria Copse. The Canadian Corps Cyclist Battalion established posts up to the Scarpe River. Only 39 members of the 22nd (Quebec) Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force answered roll call after taking and defending the French village of Chérisy.

90 years ago
1928


Died on this date
Hulda Schulz, 22
. U.S. schoolteacher. Miss Schulz poisoned herself to death in Ringoes, New Jersey.

80 years ago
1938


Transportation
Malton Airport opened northwest of Toronto.

75 years ago
1943


War
German-occupied Denmark scuttled 20 of its 60 naval vessels in Copenhagen harbour, and military installations were destroyed after martial law was declared. Soviet troops took 40 more villages southwest of Kharkov, including the rail junction of Lyubotin.

Politics and government
German occupation authorities dissolved the Danish government and declared martial law.

Medicine
The U.S. War Production Board disclosed that it had granted permission to nine concerns to build facilities for the manufacture of penicillin.

Economics and finance
A Brookings Institution report made public in Washington praised Canada's control of loving costs as being better than similar programs in the United States. The report added that costs had increased 17% in Canada since the beginning of World War II, as opposed to a 26% increase in the U.S.A.

70 years ago
1948


Died on this date
Al Rogari, 27
. U.S. baseball umpire. Mr. Rogari, a resident of Archbald, Pennsylvania, was in his second year as an umpire in the Class C Border League, and was driving from Auburn to Ogdensburg, New York with umpiring partner James Donahue when their car crashed at 2:30 A.M. Mr. Rogari was killed, while Mr. Donahue suffered only cuts and bruises.

Literature
The City of Frankfurt, Germany gave the $3,000 Goethe Prize to novelist and playwright Fritz von Unruh, whose writings had been banned by the Nazis.

War
Greek government forces opened a new offensive against Communist guerrillas in the Vitsi Mountain area of northwestern Greece.

Diplomacy
The Communist-dominated World Congress of Intellectuals concluded a five-day meeting in Wroclaw (formerly Breslau), Poland with a strong condemnation of U.S. foreign policy. Progressive Party U.S. presidential candidate Henry Wallace and physicist Albert Einstein sent messages to the Congress deploring the postwar growth of international tensions.

Disasters
A five-day heat wave ended after bringing record high temperatures to most of the United States, causing 218 deaths and extensive crop damage.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): When--The Kalin Twins (2nd week at #1)

Space
The U.S.S.R. announced that Soviet scientists had sent two dogs in a rocket to a record altitude of 279 miles and brought them back safely.

War
Communist Chinese artillery bombarded the Nationalist-held Tan Islands.

World events
New York authorities arrested four Cubans, seizing a secret cache of ammunition intended for shipment to guerrillas in Cuba.

Defense
The United States Air Force Academy opened in Colorado Springs, Colorado.

U.S. Defense Secretary Neil McElroy announced plans for a series of 10 U.S. nuclear tests this autumn in the Nevada proving grounds.

Politics and government
Former Finnish Prime Minister Karl August Fagerholm formed a five-party coalition cabinet to replace Prime Minister Reino Kuuskoski's caretaker government, ending a four-month cabinet crisis.

50 years ago
1968


Died on this date
Ulysses S. Grant III, 87
. U.S. military officer. Major General Grant, a grandson of General of the Army and U.S. President U.S. Grant, served in both world wars, and was in charge of U.S. civil defense during World War II. He was an engineer, and served on the National Capital Park and Planning Commission during peacetime, and also supervised the Park Police.

Space
The government of Canada cancelled support for an observatory under construction on Mount Kobau, British Columbia.

War
It was reported that 3,000 civilians in Vietnam had been killed in terrorist attacks since January 1, and that the Viet Cong had kidnapped 4,850.

40 years ago
1978


Diplomacy
Chinese Communist Party Chairman Hua Guofeng completed a visit to Eastern Europe, symbolizing a historic break with China's traditional isolation. He visited Romania from August 17-20 and Yugoslavia from August 21-29, delivering sharp attacks on the U.S.S.R. in both countries.

Politics and government
Nicaraguan President Anastasio Somoza Debayle, beset by protests, vowed to remain in office until the end of his term.

Economics and finance
The U.S. dollar fell sharply in value after a $3-billion trade deficit, far worse than expected, was reported for July.

Football
CFL
Montreal (4-3) 10 @ Winnipeg (3-4) 36

The Bombers erupted for 33 points in the 2nd quarter and coasted to victory the Alouettes before a Winnipeg Stadium record crowd of 27,201. Winnipeg quarterback Dieter Brock threw 4 touchdown passes, 2 to Richard Crump. Larry Lawrence of the Alouettes, making his first start as a CFL quarterback in 7 years, snapped his Achilles tendon early in the game, an injury which ended his career. Mr. Lawrence broke into pro football with the Calgary Stampeders in 1970, where he became known for his long hair and white shoes. He was a surprise cut in 1971, and moved on to the Edmonton Eskimos that year before retiring. Mr. Lawrence came out of retirement a few years later, and managed to land a backup spot with the Oakland Raiders of the National Football League. He moved on to the Tampa Bay Buccaneers before ending up back in the CFL with the Alouettes in 1978. Mr. Lawrence dressed for two games as a backup before getting the starting assignment in Winnipeg, where he completed 2 of 3 passes for 31 yards before his injury.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Perfect--Fairground Attraction (2nd week at #1)

Space
The U.S.S.R. mission Soyuz TM-6 launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan and docked with space station Mir for a duration of almost 4 months. The crew consisted of Commander Vladimir Lyakhov, Flight Engineer Valeri Polyakov, and Research Cosmonaut Abdul Mohmand, who became the first Afghan to go into space.

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: (I Can't Help) Falling in Love with You--UB40 (11th week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): What's Up?--4 Non Blondes (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: What's Up?--4 Non Blondes (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Mr. Vain--Culture Beat

On television tonight
The documentary film Theremin: An Electronic Odyssey, which later received theatrical release, was first shown on Channel 4 in the United Kingdom.

Golf
Brandie Burton won the du Maurier Golf Classic.

20 years ago
1998


Football
CIAU
Pre-season
Saskatchewan (1-0) 24 Alberta (0-1) 21 @ Lloydminster

Kelly McNairn returned a fumbled punt 30 yards for a touchdown in the 4th quarter, providing the winning margin for the Huskies as they defeated the Golden Bears before 500 fans at Armstrong Field. Tony Chad rushed 2 yards for the first Saskatchewan TD in the 2nd quarter, with Matt Kellett adding 2 converts, 3 field goals, and a single. Mike Spencer rushed 34 yards for the first Alberta TD in the 2nd quarter; Nathan Connor rushed 5 yards for the second Alberta TD on a third-down gamble in the 3rd quarter; and Hardeep Bamara completed a 33-yard touchdown pass to Jamie Stoddard with 55 seconds remaining in the game. Mr. Connor rushed 8 times for 73 yards and Mr. Spencer carried 4 times for 47 yards. The Golden Bears recorded 6 quarterback sacks.

10 years ago
2008


Diplomacy
The Georgian government announced that it was severing diplomatic ties with Russia, with the Georgian Embassy in Moscow and the Russian Embassy in Tbilisi to close as a result of Russia's decision three days earlier to recognize Abkhazia and South Ossetia as sovereign states, independent from Georgia. Georgia recalled its ambassador from Russia and ordered all Russian diplomats to leave Georgia, saying that only consular relations would be maintained.

Football
CFL
British Columbia (4-5) 25 @ Montreal (6-3) 30

August 28, 2018

1,630 years ago
388


Died on this date
Magnus Maximus, 53 (?)
. Western Roman Emperor, 383-388. Magnus usurped the throne from Emperor Gratian in 383; he was executed in Aquileia after retreating there following the defeat of his forces by those of Theodosius I and Valentinian II in the Battle of the Save. Magnus Maximus was succeeded on the throne by Gracianus Municeps.

370 years ago
1648


War
The Siege of Colchester ended when Royalists Forces surrendered to the Parliamentary Forces after 11 weeks, during the Second English Civil War.

200 years ago
1818


Died on this date
Jean Baptiste Point du Sable, 73 (?)
. U.S. fur trader. Mr. Point du Sable was the first permanent resident of Chicago, and is recognized as the "Founder of Chicago."

140 years ago
1878


Journalism
The first issue of the Sherbrooke Examiner was published in Sherbrooke, Quebec.

120 years ago
1898


Popular culture
Caleb Bradham's beverage "Brad's Drink" was renamed "Pepsi-Cola".

110 years ago
1908


Born on this date
Robert Merle
. Algerian-born French author. Mr. Merle, a native of French Algeria who moved to Paris as a child, was known for novels such as Week-end à Zuydcoote (Week-end at Zuydcoote) (1949) and for his 13-volume series of historical novels Fortune de France (1977–2003). He died of a heart attack on March 27, 2004 at the age of 95.

100 years ago
1918


Died on this date
A. E. G. McKenzie
. Canadian military officer. Lieutenant-Colonel McKenzie, GOC of the 26th (New Brunswick) Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force, was killed during the Battle of Chérisy in France, part of the Battle of the Scarpe.

War
The 2nd and 3rd Canadian Infantry Divisions seized an important portion of the German Fresnes-Rouvroy defense system after three days of intense fighting in the Battle of the Scarpe in France. Total casualties were reported as 254 officers and 5,547 other ranks. They captured more than 3,300 prisoners, 53 guns and 519 machine guns. Lieutenant-Colonel William Hew Clark-Kennedy, 24th Battalion, 2nd Canadian Infantry Division, earned a Victoria Cross by personally driving the advance despite being severely wounded, and suffering from intense pain and loss of blood.

90 years ago
1928


Diplomacy
U.S.S.R. Assistant Foreign Minister Maxim Litvinoff sent a note to the Secretariat of the League of Nations to announce that the Soviet Union was refusing to participate in further League disarmament activities: "The League has done and is doing nothing. It rejected the Soviet proposal for complete disarmament and then did not act upon the partial disarmament substitute proposal. Further discussions are simply calculated to mislead the peoples. Peace cannot be guaranteed so long as nations continue arming."

75 years ago
1943


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): In the Blue of Evening--Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra with Frank Sinatra (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Boris III, 49
. Czar of Bulgaria, 1918-1943. Boris III succeeded to the throne upon the abdication of his father Ferdinand I after Bulgaria's defeat in World War I. Although loosely allied with Nazi Germany during World War II, Bulgaria refused to declare war on the Soviet Union, even after a meeting between King Boris and Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler in Rastenburg, East Prussia on August 14, 1943. Czar Boris has been regarded as a hero for saving Bulgaria's Jews from the Holocaust, but has also been criticized for not saving Jews from territories newly-occupied by Bulgaria. Czar Boris III died of an apparent heart attack the day after dining at the Italian embassy in Sofia. Conspiracy theories abounded, alleging that the czar had been poisoned. He was succeeded on the throne by his 6-yaer-old son Simeon II under a Regency Council headed by Boris's brother Prince Kyril of Bulgaria.

War
Soviet troops advanced to nearly five miles west of the Bryansk-Kiev railroad west of Sevsk. The Allies announced that all organized Japanese resistance on New Georgia Island had ceased.

Protest
In Denmark, a general strike began against the Nazi occupation; the Danish cabinet had rejected German demands for complete control of the country following King Christian's threat to abdicate if the cabinet caved in to German demands.

Society
The U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service announced that alien travel to and from the United States during the year ended June 30, 1943 was the lowest in 80 years.

Oil
U.S. Fuel Administrator Harold Ickes warned that U.S. oil reserves totalled only about 20 billion barrels, sufficient for 14 or 15 years.

70 years ago
1948


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard) (Best Seller): Twelfth Street Rag--Pee Wee Hunt and his Orchestra

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 My Happiness--The Pied Pipers (2nd week at #1)
--Jon and Sondra Steele
--Ella Fitzgerald
2 You Call Everybody Darlin'--Al Trace and the Revelers
--Anne Vincent
--Jack Smith and the Clark Sisters
3 Woody Wood-Pecker--The Sportsmen and Mel Blanc
--Kay Kyser and his Orchestra
4 You Can't Be True, Dear--Ken Griffin
--Dick Haymes with the Song Spinners
--The Sportsmen
5 It's Magic--Doris Day
--Dick Haymes and Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra
--Tony Martin
--Gordon MacRae
6 Twelfth Street Rag--Pee Wee Hunt and his Orchestra
7 Love Somebody--Doris Day and Buddy Clark
8 A Tree in the Meadow--Margaret Whiting
9 William Tell Overture--Spike Jones and his City Slickers
10 Little White Lies--Dick Haymes

Singles entering the chart were Win or Lose by Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra (#30) and Love That Boy by Dinah Shore (#39).

War
Two United Nations truce observers from France died when their plane was fired upon near an Egyptian base in Gaza.

World events
The Czechoslovakian government announced the discovery of a Western espionage plot, resulting in the arrest of Dutch embassy official Leonardus Bartolomeous van Dam and a group of Czechs.

Diplomacy
The U.S. State Department proposed the creation of an international agency to control Antarctica.

Jacob Lomakin, the expelled Soviet consul general in New York, left the city with his family aboard a Swedish ship.

India challenged the right of the United Nations to intervene in the issue of Hyderabad's demand for independence, claiming that the state was not a sovereign country.

Politics and government
The French cabinet of Prime Minister Andre Marie resigned after socialists withdrew from the governing coalition in a dispute over cost-of-living raises.

The Communist-dominated Socialist Unity Party demanded the creation of an 18-member special committee to take control of Berlin's civil government from the "bankrupt" City Assembly.

The U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities issued a preliminary report on its spy hearings, stating that it had "definitely established" the existence of espionage by domestic and foreign Communists, urging the administration of President Harry Truman to cooperate with the investigation and calling on Congress to pass the Mundt-Nixon Communist control bill.

The Texas Democratic Party U.S. Senatorial primary resulted in a victory for Representative Lyndon Johnson over former Governor Coke Stevenson by a margin of 48 votes. Rep. Johnson's victory, which was attributed by critics to suspicious activity, earned him the nickname "Landslide Lyndon."

Labour
United Auto Workers of America President Walter Reuther announced plans to raise a $1-million political fund, financed by voluntary contributions from union members, to help pro-labour candidates.

Horse racing
Citation, with Eddie Arcaro up, won the American Derby in Chicago.

Football
IRFU-ORFU
Pre-season
Toronto Argonauts (1-0) 13 @ Toronto Beaches Indians (2-2) 8
Windsor (0-1) 3 @ Hamilton (1-0) 36

WIFU
Winnipeg (1-1) 14 @ Saskatchewan (1-2) 13

Royal Copeland scored 2 touchdowns for the defending Grey Cup champion Argonauts as they defeated the Beaches Indians before 4,397 fans at Varsity Stadium in 100 F. heat. Ernie Becker scored the Beaches Indians' touchdown.

Walter Gibb scored a touchdown and 3 converts while Jim Oldenberg scored a touchdown and single and passed for 2 touchdowns as the Wildcats routed the Rockets before 1,500 fans at Civic Stadium.

Mr. Fitzgibbons and Bob Sandberg scored touchdowns and Don Hiney added a convert and field goal for the Blue Bombers as they edged the Roughriders at Taylor Field in Regina. Messrs. Lee and Early scored Saskatchewan touchdowns, both converted by Gabe Patterson, with Ken Charlton adding a single.

60 years ago
1958


Died on this date
Bo Larsson, 22
. Swedish athlete. Mr. Larsson was preparing for a meet in Stockholm when he was struck in the chest by a javelin thrown by another competitor. Mr. Larsson pulled the javelin out with his own hands, but didn't survive the injury.

War
The Republic of China reported that Communist marine, amphibious, and torpedo boat units had been concentrated in the mainland ports of Chusan and Santuao for a possibl invasion attempt against the islands of Quemoy and Matsu.

In an open letter to Fidel Castro's forces and other groups opposed to Cuban President Fulgencio Batista, Cuban Communist leaders Juan Marinello and Blas Roca called on all opposition forces to form a "united front" to overthrow Mr. Batista's government.

Diplomacy
Archbishop Makarios of Cyprus issued a statement in Athens asking for "substantial intervention by the United Nations" to restore peace in Cyprus, and warning that Greek Cypriots would continue to fight against the U.K. plan for Cypriot home rule under Greek-Turkish-British supervision.

Education
A special session of the Arkansas legislature adopted legislation requested by Governor Orval Faubus permitting him to close any school where integration caused or threatened violence.

Labour
U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed a bill extending for two years a program of importing Mexicans for temporary work on U.S. farms when domestic labour was not available.

Track and field
Herb Elliot of Australia ran 1,500 metres in a world record time of 3 minutes 36 seconds in Goteborg, Sweden.

Boxing
In his first fight in two years, former world heavyweight champion Ezzard Charles (94-21-1) won a 10-round unanimous decision over Johnny Harper (8-10) at East-West Stadium in Fairmont, West Virginia.

Football
CFL
WIFU
British Columbia (0-4) 1 @ Winnipeg (3-1) 31

Kenny Ploen threw 2 touchdown passes and rushed 12 times for 148 yards and a touchdown to lead the Blue Bombers to their rout of the Lions at Winnipeg Stadium. Mr. Ploen's first TD pass came on a completion to Frank Gilliam, who lateralled to Leo Lewis, who went the rest of the way for the touchdown. Mr. Gilliam caught Mr. Ploen's other touchdown pass. Charlie Shepard scored a touchdown and single; Gerry James kicked 2 converts and a field goal; and Gerry Vincent punted for a single. Ted Hunt's single was the only point for the Lions, who had fired head coach Clem Crowe two days earlier, and were led by assistant coaches Vic Lindskog and Walt Schlinkman until a new head coach could be hired.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Do it Again--The Beach Boys

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 The Orange and the Green/(The Puppet Song) Whiskey on a Sunday--The Irish Rovers (2nd week at #1)
2 MacArthur Park--Richard Harris
3 Indian Lake--The Cowsills
4 Angel of the Morning--Merrilee Rush
5 Dream a Little Dream of Me--Mama Cass
6 Lady Willpower--Gary Puckett and the Union Gap
7 Jumpin' Jack Flash--The Rolling Stones
8 Hurdy Gurdy Man--Donovan
9 Alice Long (You're Still My Favorite Girlfriend)--Tommy Boyce & Bobby Hart
10 My Name is Jack--Manfred Mann

Singles entering the chart were Classical Gas by Mason Williams (#25); People Got to Be Free by the Rascals (#27); Mr. Bojangles by Jerry Jeff Walker (#35); What is Soul by the Groove (#36); Here Comes the Judge by Pigmeat Markham (#38); Happy by Nancy Sinatra (#39); and Universal by Small Faces (#40).

Died on this date
John Gordon Mein, 54
. U.S. diplomat. Mr. Mein, U.S. Ambassador to Guatemala since 1965, was assassinated in Guatemala City, 13 days before his 55th birthday, after stopping his car while en route to the embassy after a luncheon. The pro-Communist guerrilla organization Fuerzas Armadas Rebeldes (Rebel Armed Forces) (FAR) announced the next day that it had planned to kidnap Mr. Mein in retaliation for the Guatemalan government's capture of a FAR leader on August 24. Mr. Mein was the first American ambassador to be assassinated while in office; he was succeeded as Ambassador to Guatemala by Nathaniel Davis.

Politics and government
At the Democratic National Convention at the International Amphitheatre in Chicago, U.S. Vice President Hubert Humphrey was nominated as the party's candidate for President of the United States, while U.S. Senator Edmund Muskie (Maine) was nominated as the party's vice presidential candidate.

Protest
Violent clashes between Chicago police and demonstrators protesting during the Democratic National Convention peaked in Lincoln Park with what was later termed in a report as a "police riot," while protesters outside the Conrad Hilton Hotel shouted "The whole world is watching."



Football
CFL
Hamilton (2-2) 21 @ Montreal (2-2) 23
Calgary (4-2) 12 @ Edmonton (2-3-1) 7

Art Perkins scored the Eskimos' touchdown in their loss to the Stampeders at Clarke Stadium.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Monster--Pink Lady (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Rivers of Babylon--Boney M.

Died on this date
Bruce Catton, 78
. U.S. historian and journalist. Mr. Catton wrote for various newspapers from 1926-1941, but was better known for his later career as a historian, specializing in the American Civil War. He won the 1954 Pulitzer Prize for History for A Stillness at Appomattox.

Robert Shaw, 51. U.K. actor and writer. Mr. Shaw was nominated for an Academy Award for his performance in A Man for All Seasons (1966), and was also known for his supporting performances in movies such as The Sting (1973) and Jaws (1975). He wrote novels and plays, and his novel The Man in the Glass Booth (1967) was adapted into a play and then a movie. Mr. Shaw was a heavy drinker for most of his life, and suffered a fatal heart attack while driving on a highway in Ireland, 19 days after his 51st birthday.

Politics and government
Alfredo Nobre da Costa, a politically independent technocrat, took office as Prime Minister of Portugal, after the nation's parties had been unable to agree on a coalition government. Mr. da Costa's government would have to face a vote of non-confidence in the National Assembly within 15 days.

Labour
A nationwide U.S. postal strike was averted when the Postal Service and union leaders agreed, hours before a midnight deadine, to resume bargaining, to be followed by binding arbitration if a settlement could not be reached within 15 days.

Sport
Donald Vesco raced his special 21-foot-long Kawasaki motorcycle named Lightning Bolt to a cycling land speed record of 318.598 miles per hour at the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah. The mark was broken by Dave Campos on a Harley-Davidson called Easy Rider in 1990.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Doctorin' the TARDIS--Timelords

#1 single in Switzerland: The Twist (Yo, Twist!)--The Fat Boys with Stupid Def Vocals by Chubby Checker (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Jean Marchand, 69
. Canadian politician. Mr. Marchand was a Liberal member of the House of Commons from 1965-1976, and held six different cabinet posts in the governments of Prime Ministers Lester Pearson and Pierre Trudeau. He was appointed to the Senate in 1976, and served as Speaker of the Senate from 1980 until his retirement from politics in 1983.

Max Shulman, 69. U.S. humourist. Mr. Shulman was best known for his short story collection The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis (1951), which became the basis for the movie The Affairs of Dobie Gillis (1953) and the television series The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis (1959-1963).

Disasters
At an air show at Ramstein Air Base, a U.S. base 60 miles southwest of Frankfurt, West Germany, three aircraft with the Italian Frecce Tricolori demonstration team collided and the wreckage fell into the crowd of 300,000. 75 were killed and 346 seriously injured.

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): The River of Dreams--Billy Joel

#1 single in Italy: All that She Wants--Ace of Base (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): What Is Love?--Haddaway (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): Mr. Vain--Culture Beat (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Darla dirladada--Les G.O. Cul-ture (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): What's Up?--4 Non Blondes (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Mr. Vain--Culture Beat

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): (I Can't Help) Falling in Love With You--UB40 (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A.: (Cash Box): (I Can't Help) Falling in Love with You--UB40 (5th week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Runaway Train--Soul Asylum
2 (I Can't Help) Falling in Love with You--UB40
3 I'm Free--Jon Secada
4 I'm Gonna Be (500 Miles)--The Proclaimers
5 I Don't Wanna Fight--Tina Turner
6 Rain--Madonna
7 Fields of Gold--Sting
8 If--Janet Jackson
9 The River of Dreams--Billy Joel
10 Run to You--Whitney Houston

Singles entering the chart were Soul II Squeeze by Red Hot Chili Peppers (#57); Jessie by Joshua Kadison (#69); Hey Jealousy by Gin Blossoms (#78); I've Always Got You by Robin Zarder (#83); Sister Havana by Urge Overkill (#89); Bitter Creek by Ray Lyell (#91); No Justice by Harem Scarem (#92); and Won't Give Up My Music by Lisa Lougheed (#94).

Diplomacy
Palestinian and Israeli leaders agreed in principle on Palestinian authority over the Gaza Strip and Jericho on the West Bank as the first step to self-rule in Israeli-occupied territories.

The Muslim-dominated Bosnian parliament voted 65-0 to reject the United Nations peace plan for Bosnia and to return negotiators to Geneva to work for changes.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (3-6) 11 @ Winnipeg (6-3) 35

Matt Dunigan threw touchdown passes to Gerald Alphin and Allen Boyko, and Michael Richardson rushed for 2 more TDs as the Blue Bombers beat the Tiger-Cats before 24,475 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Bob Torrance, starting his second straight game at quarterback for Hamilton, completed a touchdown pass to Cornell Burbage. The loss was the sixth straight for the Tiger-Cats.

CIAU
Calgary (1-0) 16 @ Alberta (0-1) 6

20 years ago
1998


War
In the Second Congo War, Loyalist Congolese troops backed by Angolan and Zimbabwean forces repulsed the Rally for Congolese Democracy (RCD) and Rwandan offensive on Kinshasa.

Politics and government
Pakistan's National Assembly passed a constitutional amendment to make the "Qur'an and Sunnah" the "supreme law," but the bill was defeated in the Senate.

Economics and finance
The Canadian dollar dropped to U.S. 64.02c.

Football
CFL
Calgary (6-3) 32 @ Montreal (7-2) 40

10 years ago
2008


Died on this date
Phil Hill, 81
. U.S. auto racing driver. Mr. Hill drove in the Formula One Circuit from 1958-1964 and 1966, winning 3 races, and becoming the first--and so far, only--American-born driver to win the world driving championship, in 1961. He and Olivier Gendebein won the 24 Hours of Le Mans in 1958, 1961, and 1962. Mr. Hill died after a long battle with Parkinson's disease.

Diplomacy
Two days after Russian President Dmitry Medvedev had signed decrees recognizing Abkhazia and South Ossetia as sovereign states, independent from Georgia, the Georgian Parliament passed a resolution declaring Abkhazia and South Ossetia "Russian-occupied territories" and instructed the government to annul all previous treaties on Russian peacekeeping.

Politics and government
The U.S. Democratic National Convention concluded before a crowd of 84,000 at Invesco Field in Denver with U.S. Senator Barack Obama giving his acceptance speech as the party's U.S. presidential candidate.



Canadiana
Governor General Michaelle Jean announced the creation of the Sacrifice Medal.

Monday, 27 August 2018

August 27, 2018

425 years ago
1593


World events
Pierre Barrière failed in his attempt to assassinate King Henry IV of France. Mr. Barrière was denounced by a Dominican priest to whom he had confessed the crime, and was executed four days later by breaking on the wheel and dismemberment.

260 years ago
1758


War
U.K. forces commanded by Colonel John Bradstreet captured Fort Frontenac and its rich storehouses, as well as nine armed vessels with 100 guns, the total French naval force on Lake Ontario. The British had only two wounded and not a single man killed, while French Commandant Pierre de Noyan capitulated in face of the British artillery after a token resistance of two days. He had only 120 French Regulars, 40 Acadians and Indians, with their women and children.

225 years ago
1793


World events
The city of Toulon revolted against the French Republic and admitted the British and Spanish fleets to seize its port, leading to the Siege of Toulon by French Revolutionary forces.

Canadiana
John Graves Simcoe named the capital of the new Province of Upper Canada York, after the Duke of York.

220 years ago
1798


War
Wolfe Tone's United Irish and French forces clashed with the British Army in the Battle of Castlebar, part of the Irish Rebellion of 1798, resulting in the creation of the French puppet Republic of Connacht.

190 years ago
1828


Diplomacy
Brazil and Argentina, in the Treaty of Montevideo, recognized the sovereignty of Uruguay.

110 years ago
1908


Born on this date
Lyndon Johnson
. 36th President of the United States of America, 1963-1969; Vice-President of the United States of America, 1961-1963. Mr. Johnson, a Democrat, represented Texas' 10th District in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1937-1949 and represented the state in the U.S. Senate from 1949-1961, serving as Minority Leader from 1953-1955 and Majority Leader from 1955-1961. He was Vice President under John F. Kennedy, and acceded to the office of the presidency upon the assassination of Mr. Kennedy on November 22, 1963, winning a landslide election in his own right in 1964. Mr. Johnson was known for his "Great Society" social programs, and for escalating U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War, the latter of which resulted in his increasing unpopularity within and outside his party. Mr. Johnson declined to run for re-election in 1968 and retired to his ranch at Stonewall, Texas, where he died of a heart attack on January 22, 1973 at the age of 64, after several years of declining health. His political career and presidency continue to be the subjects of debate.

Football
ARU
The Calgary City Rugby Foot-ball Club re-organized as the Calgary Tigers and adopted yellow and black as the team colours.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Jelle Zijlstra
. Prime Minister of the Netherlands, 1966-1967. Dr. Zijlstra, an economist, was a member of the Anti-Revolutionary Party, which merged into the Christian Democratic Appeal in 1977. Dr. Zijlstra served as Minister of Economic Affairs (1952-1959), and Minister of Finance (1958-1963), and led the Anti-Revolutionary Party briefly in 1956 and 1958-1959. He sat in the Senate from 1963-1966, resigning to assume the offices of Prime Minister and Minister of Finance until a new cabinet was formed in April 1967. Dr. Zijlstra left politics in 1967 and served as president of De Nederlandsche Bank from 1967-1982. He died on December 23, 2001 at the age of 83.

War
The 22nd and 24th (Quebec) Infantry Battalions and 26th (New Brunswick) Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force, captured the French village of Chérisy as part of the Battle of the Scarpe. Major Georges Vanier of the Royal 22e Régiment, the highest-ranking surviving officer of the battle, organized the defense of Chérisy and was wounded, leading to the amputation of a leg.

U.S. Army forces skirmished against Mexican Carrancistas in the Battle of Ambos Nogales on the border between Mexico and Arizona, resulting in a fence being erected to separate Nogales, Mexico from Nogales, Arizona.

90 years ago
1928


Died on this date
M.M. Merrill
; Edwin Ronne. U.S. aviation executives. Mr. Merrill, head of the Curtiss Flying Service, and Mr. Ronne, manager of the Buffalo airport, left Buffalo for Mineola, New York. Their plane, the Falcon, which had been built for Colonel Charles Lindbergh, was discovered as a charred wreck in Pike County, Pennsylvania, near Port Jervis, New York, with the bodies of the men nearby.

Diplomacy
Representatives of 15 nations, including, the U.S.A., U.K., U.S.S.R., and Canada signed the Pact of Paris, better known as the Kellogg-Briand Pact, which renounced war as an instrument of national policy.

80 years ago
1938


Football
WIFU
Pre-season
Calgary 35 @ Edmonton (0-1) 1

The Bronks routed the Eskimos in the first game ever played at Clarke Stadium and the Eskimos' first appearance in senior football since 1932.

Baseball
Monte Pearson pitched a no-hitter and Tommy Henrich and Joe Gordon each hit 2 home runs as the New York Yankees routed the Cleveland Indians 13-0 to complete a sweep of their doubleheader at Yankee Stadium. In the first game, the Indians scored 4 runs in the top of the 9th to take a 7-5 lead, only to have Joe DiMaggio triple home 2 runs with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th to climax a 3-run rally as the Yankees won 8-7.

Johnny Peacock batted 4 for 5 with a sacrifice, 3 runs, and 5 runs batted in to help the Boston Red Sox rout the Chicago White Sox 19-6 in the first game of a doubleheader before 18,000 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Every man in the Boston lineup had at least 2 hits and scored at least 1 run. Gene Ford pitched the last 3 innings for the White Sox, allowing 10 hits and 9 runs--all earned--while walking 4 batters, striking out 2, throwing 2 wild pitches, and batting 0 for 2 in the 5th and last game of his 2-year major league career. Bill Harris pitched an 8-hitter and drove in Ben Chapman with a sacrifice bunt in the 7th inning for the game's only run as the Red Sox won the second game 1-0 to complete the sweep. Losing pitcher Thornton Lee allowed just 5 hits and 1 earned run in a complete game.

Harlond Clift hit 2 home runs and George McQuinn added another homer to help the St. Louis Browns beat the Philadelphia Athletics 8-3 in the first game of a doubleheader at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. In the second game, pinch hitter Mel Mazzera led off the top of the 9th inning with a single and Mel Almada followed with a home run to enable the Browns to win 6-5, coming back from a 4-0 deficit to complete the sweep.

Hank Greenberg hit his 44th home run of the season and Tony Piet drove in 4 runs to help the Detroit Tigers edge the Washington Nationals 12-11 before 7,000 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington. Washington first baseman Zeke Bonura hit a grand slam and 3 singles.

Vince DiMaggio hit a home run and Tony Cuccinello had 3 hits to help the Boston Bees defeat the Cincinnati Reds 8-4 before 4,059 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati.

Joe Medwick drove in 4 runs with a double and triple and Johnny Mize drove in 3 with a single and home run to help the St. Louis Cardinals beat the New York Giants 12-3 before 4,387 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis.

75 years ago
1943


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Cardboard Box

War
Soviet troops continued their advance on the Kharkov front in Ukraine. Aerial bombardment by the German Luftwaffe razed to the ground the village of Vorizia in Crete. Japanese forces evacuated New Georgia Island.

Diplomacy
China, Ecuador, Dominican Republic, Brazil, Venezuela, Nicaragua, and Peru granted recognition to the French Committee of National Liberation.

Politics and government
The cabinet of Bolivian President Enrique Penaranda del Castillo resigned in protest against attacks on Labour Minister Juan Manuel Balcazar and Interior Minister Pedro Zilveti Arce by the Chamber of Deputies for suppressing strikes at the Catavi tin mines.

Law
The American Bar Association acknowledged that it had acted on membership applications of two Negroes, accepting James S. Watson and rejecting Francis S. Rivers.

Oil
American Insitute of Chemists President Dr. Gustav Egloff announced that Triptane, a "supergas" 50% more powerful than high octane fuel, was now being produced in mass volume for use in military planes.

Boxing
Sugar Ray Robinson (45-1) won a 10-round unanimous decision over former world welterweight champion Henry Armstrong (135-18-7) at Madison Square Garden in New York.

70 years ago
1948


Died on this date
Charles Evans Hughes, 86
. Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, 1930-1941; Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, 1910-1916. Mr. Hughes, a Republican, switched back and forth between politics and jurisprudence, and was known as a "swing" vote as a Supreme Court Justice. He was Governor of New York from 1906-1910, and was first appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court by President William Howard Taft. Mr. Hughes resigned from the Court to accept the Republican Party's 1916 nomination for President of the United States, but lost a lose election to Democratic Party candidate Woodrow Wilson. He served as U.S. Secretary of State under Presidents Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge from 1921-1925, and was appointed as Chief Justice by President Herbert Hoover, succeeding Mr. Taft, who had first appointed him to the Court. Justice Hughes voted with liberal justices on some cases and with conservative justices on others, and helped to oppose President Franklin D. Roosevelt's plan to "pack" the Supreme Court in 1937.

Science
The Soviet Academy of Sciences dismissed biologists L.A. Orbeli and I.I. Schmalhausen, promising to correct "mistakes" in its work that clashed with the officially accepted environmental genetics of T.D. Lysenko.

Politics and government
The U.S. State Department issued a statement which "strongly favors" French proposals for the creation of a European parliament.

In secret testimony before the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities, Time editor Whittaker Chambers named Noel Field, a former official in the State Department's Western Europe Division, as a member of a Communist cell attempting to infiltrate the federal government during the 1930s.

Society
The International Congress on Population and World Resources in Relation to the Family, meeting in Cheltenham, England, established a four-nation committee (with U.S., U.K., and Swedish representation) to promote birth control in all countries.

Golf
Howard Wheeler won the U.S. National Negro Golf Title in Indianapolis.

60 years ago
1958


Died on this date
Ernest O. Lawrence, 57
. U.S. physicist. Dr. Lawrence was awarded the 1939 Nobel Prize in Physics "for the invention and development of the cyclotron and for results obtained with it, especially with regard to artificial radioactive elements." He worked on the Manhattan Project during World War II and became a leading advocate of "Big Science," involving big machines and laboratories, with big money from government. Dr. Lawrence was in Geneva in August 1958 to help negotiate a Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty with the U.S.S.R. when his chronic ulcerative colitis made it impossible to continue; he was flown back to Stanford University, where he died, 19 days after his 57th birthday. The element lawrencium (atomic number 103) was named in his honour in 1961.

Politics and government
Colombian President Alberto Lleras Camargo lifted a nine-year state of siege and restored constitutional guarantees in 11 of 16 provinces.

Law
U.S. Attorney General William Rogers told the American Bar Association that the federal government was prepared to take steps necessary to "vindicate the [Supreme] Court's authority" should there be "concerted and substantial interference" with efforts to comply with court decisions.

Hockey
NHL
The Toronto Maple Leafs signed goaltender Johnny Bower, who had spent the previous season with the Cleveland Barons of the American Hockey League and had been named to the AHL's first All-Star team. Mr. Bower was expected to provide relief for Toronto starting goalie Ed Chadwick.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Heavenly Club--Les Sauterelles (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark, Duchess of Kent, 61
. U.K. Royal Family member. Princess Marina, a daughter of Prince Nicholas of Greece and granddaughter of King George I, married Prince George, Duke of Kent, in 1932. She was widowed when he was killed in a plane crash while serving with the Royal Air Force in 1942 during World War II. Princess Marina remained an active member of the Royal Family until her death from a brain tumour.

World events
Czechoslovakian Communist Party First Secretary Alexander Dubcek and President Ludvik Svoboda returned to Prague from Moscow and urged their people to remain calm in the face of Soviet demands for the reversal of the regime's liberalization of Communism.

Boxing
Manuel Ramos (21-7-2) scored a technical knockout of Marty Franklin (10-10-2) in the 4th round of a heavyweight bout at Municipal Auditorium in San Antonio.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Rivers of Babylon--Boney M. (8th week at #1)

Politics and government
Shah of Iran Mohammed Reza Pahlevi appointed Jaffar Sharif Emami, a man of religious background with links to Muslim clergy, as Prime Minister of a reconciliation government.

Protest
Nicaraguan businessmen voted to support a nationwide strike aimed at forcing Nicaraguan President Anastasio Somoza Debayle to resign.

Economics and finance
The Dow Jones industrial average dropped 10.6 points, its biggest loss in two months, closing at 884.88.

Golf
Tom Watson won the Hall of Fame Classic in Pinehurst, North Carolina with a total score of 277. First prize money was $50,000.

Football
CFL
Toronto (3-4) 10 @ Saskatchewan (1-6) 31

Bob Macoritti set a league record for a single game with 7 field goals to help the Roughriders beat the Argonauts at Taylor Field in Regina. Mike Strickland rushed for over 100 yards for Saskatchewan, while fellow Roughrider running back Ron Jamerson played his second and last regular season game in the Canadian Football League. It was the last game in a Toronto uniform for defensive tackle Granville Liggins, who had been obtained by the Argonauts in a trade with the Calgary Stampeders in 1973.

Baseball
Dave Kingman drove in 4 runs with a 3-run home run and a ground out to lead the Chicago Cubs to a 7-1 win over the Cincinnati Reds before 40,014 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati. Joe Morgan hit his 200th career major league home run for the Reds in the 3rd inning, becoming the first major league player to hit 200 home runs and steal 500 bases. Mike Krukow pitched a 4-hit complete game victory and hit a double.

The St. Louis Cardinals scored 3 runs in each of the 3rd through the 6th innings as they routed the Atlanta Braves 14-3 before 9,309 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium.

Chris Speier reached second base on an error by center fielder Larry Herndon and scored on a single by Dave Cash in the top of the 10th inning to break a 1-1 tie as the Montreal Expos edged the San Francisco Giants 2-1 in the first game of a doubleheader before 28,633 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Ross Grimsley pitched a 4-hit complete game victory to improve his 1978 record to 16-9, winning the pitchers' duel over Vida Blue, who allowed 4 hits and 1 earned run in 9 1/3 innings to drop to 16-7. The Giants scored 7 runs in the 6th inning as they won the second game 11-2.

Eric Rasmussen pitched a 6-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Nino Espinosa as the San Diego Padres shut out the New York Mets 3-0 before 16,503 fans at San Diego Stadium.

Chris Chambliss and Graig Nettles each hit 2 home runs to help the New York Yankees defeat the Oakland Athletics 6-2 before 40,628 fans at Yankee Stadium. Winning pitcher Catfish Hunter allowed 5 hits and 2 earned runs in 7 innings to improve his 1978 record to 9-4, winning his sixth straight decision.

The Boston Red Sox allowed a run in the top of the 12th inning, but scored 2 unearned runs in the bottom of the 12th to defeat the California Angels 4-3 before 34,216 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. California third baseman Carney Lansford made an error on a ground ball by George Scott for what should have been the last out of the game, allowing Jerry Remy to score the tying run, and Butch Hobson followed with a single to score Fred Lynn with the winning run.

Eddie Murray hit a 2-run home run with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Baltimore Orioles a 4-3 win over the Seattle Mariners before 7,260 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore.

Butch Wynegar led off the top of the 11th inning with a double, and pinch runner Rob Wilfong scored on a single by Willie Norwood to break a 2-2 tie as the Minnesota Twins edged the Toronto Blue Jays 3-2 before 22,023 fans at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto. John Mayberry doubled to lead off the bottom of the 11th, but winning pitcher Mike Marshall retired the last 3 batters.

Ross Baumgarten pitched a 5-hitter for his first major league shutout to win the pitching matchup over Paul Reuschel as the Chicago White Sox blanked the Cleveland Indians 6-0 before 13,008 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Tell Me--Nick Kamen (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Tribute (Right On)--The Pasadenas

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Tribute (Right On)--The Pasadenas (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Nuit de folie--Début de Soirée (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): The Only Way is Up--Yazz and the Plastic Population (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): The Only Way is Up--Yazz and the Plastic Population (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Monkey--George Michael

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Monkey--George Michael
2 I Don't Wanna Go On with You Like That--Elton John
3 Roll With It--Steve Winwood
4 Sweet Child o' Mine--Guns 'N' Roses
5 I Don't Wanna Live Without Your Love--Chicago
6 Fast Car--Tracy Chapman
7 Hands to Heaven--Breathe
8 Perfect World--Huey Lewis and the News
9 Simply Irresistible--Robert Palmer
10 1-2-3--Gloria Estefan and Miami Sound Machine

Singles entering the chart were The Loco-Motion by Kylie Minogue (#83); Long and Lasting Love (Once in a Lifetime) by Glenn Medeiros (#87); Inside a Dream by Jane Wiedlin (#88); and Don't Know What You've Got (Till it's Gone) by Cinderella (#89).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 I Don't Wanna Go On With You Like That--Elton John (3rd week at #1)
2 Fast Car--Tracy Chapman
3 Sign Your Name--Terence Trent D'Arby
4 Make Me Lose Control--Eric Carmen
5 Simply Irresistible--Robert Palmer
6 Hold On to the Nights--Richard Marx
7 Hands to Heaven--Breathe
8 Perfect World--Huey Lewis and the News
9 Monkey--George Michael
10 Roll With It--Steve Winwood

Singles entering the chart were True Love by Glenn Frey (#72); The Rumour by Olivia Newton-John (#76); Don't You Know by Steve Winwood (#84); Don't Worry Be Happy by Bobby McFerrin (#88); Love Bites by Def Leppard (#91); Endless Night by Eye Eye (#93); Superstitious by Europe (#95); Bring Me Some Water by Melissa Etheridge (#96); Wait for Me by the Northern Pikes (#97); and Kokomo by the Beach Boys (#98). Don't Worry be Happy was featured in the movie Cocktail, and Kokomo was written for that movie.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (1-6) 24 @ Hamilton (4-3) 51

25 years ago
1993


Diplomacy
The United Nations lifted the oil embargo and other sanctions harmful to the Haitian economy after the military agreed to end their rule of the country and allow President Jean-Bertrand Aristide return.

The Canadian Defence Department revealed that the family of a slain Somali man had received the settlement they had requested in March when compensation of $15,000 was paid in early June. The department's investigation into the deaths of four Somalis as the Canadian armed forces compound in Somalia was not complete at the time of the settlement.

Politics and government
Nigerian dictator General Ibrahim Babangida announced that he would not honour his pledge to restore civilian government, but promised to install an interim government of soldiers and civilians. Demonstrators continued to demand that the results of the June election be recognized, and a three-day strike shut down the capital of Lagos.

Transportation
The Rainbow Bridge, connecting Tokyo's Shibaura and the island of Odaiba, was completed.

Football
CFL
Sacramento (2-7) 23 @ Saskatchewan (6-3) 26
British Columbia (6-3) 30 @ Calgary (9-0) 35

Dave Ridgway's 50-yard field goal on the last play of regulation time--his fourth FG of the game--gave the Roughriders their win over the Gold Miners before 33,032 fans, a record crowd at Taylor Field in Regina. Sacramento quarterback David Archer completed touchdown passes to Rod Harris and Mike Oliphant in the 2nd quarter, while Saskatchewan quarterback Kent Austin threw touchdown passes to Ray Elgaard in the 3rd quarter and Don Narcisse in the 4th quarter.

Doug Flutie threw touchdown passes to Derrick Crawford and Dave Sapunjis and rushed for a TD of his own as the Stampeders defeated the Lions before 27,011 fans at McMahon Stadium. Mr. Crawford also caught a 2-point convert pass from Mr. Flutie. B.C. quarterback Danny Barrett completed 2 touchdown passes to Darren Flutie and handed off to Cory Philpot for the other Lion touchdown.

20 years ago
1998


Football
CFL
British Columbia (3-6) 8 @ Hamilton (7-2) 18
Toronto (5-4) 37 @ Winnipeg (0-9) 16
Saskatchewan (2-7) 13 @ Edmonton (6-3) 35

Jimmy Kemp threw touchdown passes to C.J. Williams, Myron Wise, and Shannon Myers, and Kavis Reed returned an interception 56 yards for another TD, as the Eskimos took a 28-0 lead at the end of the 1st quarter and coasted to victory over the Roughriders before 31,894 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Mr. Kemp finished the game with 18 completions in 30 pass attempts for 292 yards. Edmonton's Henry "Gizmo" Williams passed 10,000 yards in career kick returns, while Saskatchewan's Don Narcisse broke former teammate Ray Elgaard's Canadian Football League career record of 830 pass receptions.

10 years ago
2008


Politics and government
U.S. Senator Barack Obama (Illinois) was nominated for President of the United States at the Democratic National Convention at Pepsi Center in Denver. Sen. Joe Biden (Delaware) was nominated for Vice President.