Sunday, 28 December 2008

November 15, 2008

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Ken Powless!

120 years ago
1888


Football
Canadian Dominion Final
Montreal 0 @ Ottawa College 0

The result was ruled a draw.

100 years ago
1908


Died on this date
Cixi, 82
. Empress Dowager of China, 1861-1908. Cixi was a concubine of Emperor Xianfeng and gave birth to a sun, Zaichun in 1856, who acceded to the throne in 1861 as Emperor Tongzhi, with Cixi becoming Empress Dowager and co-regent with Empress Dowager Ci'an until Ci'an's death from a brain hemorrhage in 1881. Cixi mained effective control even while other emperors sat on the throne, and historical opinion on her rule is divided, with some regarding her as a ruthless despot, and others regarding her as an effective reformer in her later years. She suffered from ill health and died the day after the death of her nephew Emperor Guangxu, who died of arsenic poisoning after 10 years of house arrest. Cixi succeeded the day before her death in installing 2-year-old Puyi as Guangxu's successor, as Emperor Xuantong.

80 years ago
1928


Politics and government
The Italian Senate voted 181-19, with 2 abstentions, in favour of a government bill giving the Grand Council of the National Fascist Party constitutional status as an integral part of the Italian government. The bill provided that the Grand Council should be consulted on all questions of a constitutional character, such as laws concerning succession to the throne; relations between church and state; international treaties; and changes in the territory of the nation. The head of the government was to be the President of the Grand Council; other members were the Presidents of the Senate and Chamber of Deputies; cabinet ministers; the commander of the militia; and government functionaries of similar importance.

Disasters
The U.K. RNLI lifeboat Mary Stanford capsized in Rye Harbour, England, with the loss of the entire 17-man crew.

60 years ago
1948


On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis, on MBS

War
Israel rejected a United Nations Security Council call for demilitarization of the Negev desert. Speaking before the General Assembly's Political Committee, Israeli Foreign Minister Moshe Shertok listed his government's peace terms, including a corridor linking the Jewish-controlled section of Jerusalem to the rest of Israel and no readmission of Arab refugees to Palestine until the conclusion of a general peace.

Politics and government
Three months after winning the leadership of the Liberal Party of Canada, Louis St.Laurent took office as Prime Minister, succeeding Mackenzie King, who retired after serving more than 21 years in the office, a record for the British Empire.

Scandal
U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities Chairman J. Parnell Thomas pled not guilty when he was arraigned before a U.S. federal court in Washington on charges of payroll padding.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Nel Blu Dipinto di Blu (Volare)--Domenico Modugno; Dean Martin (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Ich bin bald wieder hier--Freddy Quinn (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): When--The Kalin Twins (10th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Bird Dog--The Everly Brothers (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 It's Only Make Believe--Conway Twitty
2 Tom Dooley--The Kingston Trio
3 Topsy II--Cozy Cole
4 It's All in the Game--Tommy Edwards
5 To Know Him, is to Love Him--The Teddy Bears
6 Chantilly Lace--The Big Bopper
7 I Got Stung--Elvis Presley
8 Tea for Two Cha Cha--The Tommy Dorsey Orchestra starring Warren Covington
9 Lonesome Town--Ricky Nelson
10 Beep Beep--The Playmates

Singles entering the chart were Problems by the Everly Brothers (#42); The World Outside by Roger Williams (#48, charting with the versions by the Four Coins, and the Four Aces); Bimbombey by Jimmie Rodgers (#50); I Want to Be Happy Cha Cha by the Tommy Dorsey Orchestra starring Warren Covington (#51, charting with the version by Enoch Light and the Light Brigade); Come Prima, with versions by Tony Dalardo; Polly Bergen; and Domenico Modugno (#71); Jealous Heart by Les Paul and Mary Ford (#73, charting with the versions by Tab Hunter, and the Fontane Sisters); Whole Lotta Loving by Fats Domino (#79); Sweet Little Rock and Roller (#85)/Jo Jo Gunne (#88) by Chuck Berry; Wicked Ruby by Danny Zella and the Zell Rocks (#94); Trumpet Cha-Cha-Cha by the Danny Davis Orchestra (#96); and C'mon Everybody by Eddie Cochran (#98).

Died on this date
Russ Baker, 49
. Canadian aviator and executive. Mr. Baker, a native of St. James, Manitoba, was a bush pilot who founded Central British Columbia Airlines in 1945 and served as its first president. The company changed its name to Pacific Western Airlines in 1953. Mr. Baker died of a heart attack.

Tyrone Power, Jr., 44 U.S. actor. Mr. Power, the son of an actor, was one of the most popular stars of the late 1930s and 1940s, particularly in romantic films and swashbucklers. His movies included Lloyd's of London (1936); In Old Chicago (1937); The Rains Came (1939); The Mark of Zorro (1940); Blood and Sand (1941); This Above All (1942); The Black Swan (1942); The Razor's Edge (1946); Nightmare Alley (1947); The Sun Also Rises (1957); and Witness for the Prosecution (1957). Mr. Power died of a heart attack in Madrid at the conclusion of a sword duel with George Sanders during the filming of Solomon and Sheba (1959).

Defense
The U.S. State Department rejected U.S.S.R. treaty proposals presented at Geneva on grounds that they were aimed at "an agreement on permanent cessation of nuclear weapons tests without agreement being reached on a control system necessary to verify the paper pledge." U.S. Atomic Energy Commission consultant Thomas Murray appealed for continued U.S. nuclear testing to develop small nuclear weapons suitable for use in limited wars.

Football
CFL
IRFU
Finals
Hamilton 35 @ Ottawa 7 (First game of 2-game total points series)

WIFU
Finals
Winnipeg 30 @ Edmonton 7 (Winnipeg led best-of-three series 1-0)

Bernie Faloney completed 14 of 24 passes for 303 yards and touchdowns of 69 yards to Milt Campbell, 55 yards to Ron Howell, and 11 yards to Harry Lampman to lead the Tiger-Cats over the Rough Riders at Lansdowne Park. Gerry McDougall rushed for the other 2 Hamilton TDs.

Jim Van Pelt threw 2 touchdown passes and kicked 4 converts and a single to lead the Blue Bombers over the Eskimos before 17,000 fans at Clarke Stadium. Mr. Van Pelt completed touchdown passes of 25 yards to Ernie Pitts and 72 yards to Leo Lewis, while John Varone rushed 11 times for 58 yards and a pair of 1-yard TDs. Winnipeg scored 15 points in the last 5:40 of the 2nd quarter to take a 16-0 halftime lead. The Eskimos' only scoring came on a 16-yard touchdown pass from Don Getty to Jackie Parker, converted by Joe Mobra, with 45 seconds remaining in the game.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Little Arrows--Leapy Lee

#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Revolution--The Beatles

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin (3rd week at #1)
2 Beyond the Clouds--The Poppy Family
3 Abraham, Martin and John--Dion
4 Slip Away--Clarence Carter
5 Little Arrows--Leapy Lee
6 Piece of My Heart--Big Brother and the Holding Company
7 White Room--Cream
8 Love Child--Diana Ross and the Supremes
9 Hey Jude/Revolution--The Beatles
10 1432 Franklin Pike Circle Hero--Bobby Russell

Singles entering the chart were With a Little Help from My Friends by Joe Cocker (#25); I Put a Spell on You by Creedence Clearwater Revival (#26); Stormy by Classics IV (#29); and Both Sides Now by the Johnstons (#30).

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Hey Jude/Revolution--The Beatles (10th week at #1)
2 Little Arrows--Leapy Lee
3 White Room--Cream
4 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
5 Fire--Arthur Brown
6 Love Child--Diana Ross and the Supremes
7 Piece of My Heart--Big Brother and the Holding Company
8 All Along the Watchtower--The Jimi Hendrix Experience
9 The Straight Life--Bobby Goldsboro
10 Wichita Lineman--Glen Campbell

Died on this date
Tuffy Griffiths, 61
. U.S. boxer. Gerald Griffiths fought in various divisions as he gained weight, eventually fighting as a heavyweight. He compiled a record of 71-12-4 in a professional career from 1922-1933, losing to future world heavyweight champions Jim Braddock in 1928 and Max Baer in 1932. Mr. Griffiths spent his last years at a Veterans Administration hospital in Sheridan, Wyoming.

Terrorism
An FLQ bomb exploded on Rue d'Iberville in Montréal.

Agriculture
Canada announced the sale of 58.5 million bushels of wheat to Communist China, bringing the amount purchased under a three-year contract between the countries ending July 31, 1969 to 235 million bushels.

Transportation
The Cleveland Transit System became the first transit system in the western hemisphere to provide direct rapid transit service from a city's downtown to its major airport.

Economics and finance
Canadian aid to Biafra ended after 11 air relief trips; Canadian families and institutions were allowed to return.

Boxing
At Madison Square Garden in New York, former world lightweight champion Ismael Laguna (56-5-1) won a 10-round majority decision over Romano Blanco (22-5), while former world welterweight champion Luis Rodriguez (90-7), fighting as a middleweight, won a 10-round unanimous decision over Joe Shaw (30-5-3).

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Rat Trap--The Boomtown Rats (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Margaret Mead, 76
. U.S. anthropologist. Dr. Mead influenced the sexual revolution and feminist movement through books such as Coming of Age in Samoa (1928) and Sex and Temperament in Three Primitive Societies (1935), popularizing the ideas that sexual morality and sex roles were largely influenced by culture. She was a pioneer among anthropologists in living with native peoples in order to study them.

Disasters
A chartered Douglas DC-8 crashed just short of the Colombo, Sri Lanka airport, killing 183 people, mostly Muslim pilgrims returning to Indonesia from Mecca.

Hockey
NHL
Toronto 2 @ Buffalo 2

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Bring Me Edelweiss--Edelweiss

Died on this date
Ieronymos I, 83
. Greek clergyman. Ieronymos I, born Ieronymos Kotsonis, was Autocephalous Orthodox Church of Greece Archbishop of Athens and All Greece from 1967-1973. He led the church during the years that Greece was governed by a military junta, and was widely regarded as representing the junta. Archbishop Ieronymos I resigned on December 15, 1973, and was succeeded by Seraphim.

Space
The unmanned Soviet space shuttle Buran made its only flight. It launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, made two Earth orbits, and landed just a few metres from its target.

World events
The Palestine National Council, meeting in Algiers, proclaimed the establishment of an independent Palestinian state. The PNC, the legislative body of the Palestine Liberation Organization, also voted to accept United Nations Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338 as the basis for a peace conference to resolve the Palestinian question. Resolution 242 (1967) called on Israel to withdraw from Palestinian territories and recognized the right of all states in the region "to live in peace within secure and recognized boundaries." Resolution 338 called for negotiations to implement Resolution 242. The PLO had previously resisted accepting Resolution 242 because it would imply recognition of Israel. The PNC plan ultimately envisioned a confederation between the states of Jordan and Palestine. The PNC also rejected "terrorism in all its forms."

Diplomacy
Meeting in Geneva, negotiators from the U.S.A., Cuba, South Africa, and Angola agreed on a timetable for the withdrawal of Cuban troops from Angola and independence for Namibia, which was under the control of South Africa. It was reported that under the plan Cuba would withdraw its 50,000 troops over a period of 27 months. However, no cease-fire was agreed to between the Angolan government and rebels led by Jonas Savimbi, who were backed by South Africa and the United States.

Business
The first Fairtrade label, Max Havelaar, was launched in the Netherlands.

10 years ago
1998


Died on this date
Stokely Carmichael, 57
. Trinidadian-born U.S. activist. Mr. Carmichael, who moved to New York at the age of 11, became one of the leading Negro civil rights activists in the United States in the 1960s. He participated in the freedom rides in Mississippi, and was arrested several dozen times. Mr. Carmichael served as chairman of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee from 1966-1967, after which he increasingly advocated "Black Power," a phrase and principle he helped to popularize. Mr. Carmichael became associated with the Black Panther criminal organization, which attracted the enmity of moderate activists as well as the Federal Bureau of Investigation. He married South African singer and activist Miriam Makeba in 1968, and the couple moved to Guinea in 1969. Mr. Carmichael adopted the name Kwame Ture in honour of former Ghanaian President Kwame Nkrumah and Guinean President Ahmed Sékou Touré, and spent his later years promoting pan-Africanism. Mr. Carmichael died after a two-year battle with prostate cancer.

Defense
The U.K. and U.S.A. called back their bombers after Iraq agreed to allow United Nations weapons inspectors back into the country.

Football
CFL
Eastern Final
Montreal 20 @ Hamilton 22

The Alouettes trailed 19-1, but rallied to take the lead on a 3-yard touchdown pass from Tracy Ham to Mac Cody, converted by Terry Baker, with 24 seconds remaining in regulation time. Hamilton quarterback Danny McManus drove the Tiger-Cats to the Montreal 47-yard line, and Paul Osbaldiston kicked a 54-yard field goal on the final play to win the game before 25,731 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium.



Western Final
Edmonton 10 @ Calgary 33

Jeff Garcia passed for 448 yards and 3 touchdowns to lead the Stampeders over the Eskimos before 31,121 fans at McMahon Stadium. David Archer, in his final game, played the entire game at quarterback for the Eskimos, but failed to produce a touchdown. It was also the final game for Kay Stephenson as Edmonton's head coach.

November 14, 2008

100 years ago
1908


Died on this date
Guangxu, 37
. Emperor of China, 1875-1908. Guangxu, born Zaitian, was the 11th Emperor of the Qing Dynasty. He succeeded his cousin Tongzhi on the throne, but his aunt Empress Dowager Cixi governed as regent. Empreror Guangxu ruled under her guidance from 1889-1898 and initiated the Hundred Days' Reform in 1898. He was toppled by a military coup which restored Cixi to power, and Emperor Guangxu spent the rest of his reign under house arrest, occasionally performing ceremonial duties. Guangxu died of arsenic poisoning; conspiracy theories abound. Empress Dowager Cixi died the following day. Guangxu was succeeded on the throne by his nephew Puyi, who took the regnal name Xuantong.

80 years ago
1928


Society
A referendum in New Zealand resulted in the rejection of Prohibition by a majority of about 144,325 votes. The referendum was on whether Prohibition should be continued or whether a licensing system should be adopted. The result was a defeat for the policy of the government of Prime Minister J.G. Coates.

Transportation
U.S. President Calvin Coolidge pressed a button at the White House that formally opened North Railroad Station in Boston.

Disasters
Six U.S. Army enlisted men were killed at San Antonio, Texas when an Army transport plane went into a tail spin and fell 3,000 feet, throwing the men to the forward part of the plane, from which hey were unable to climb and use their parachutes.

Football
ORFU
Semi-Finals
Sarnia 16 Twin Cities 6 @ London

70 years ago
1938


Transportation
Two days after opening for traffic travelling from Vancouver to North Vancouver, British Columbia, the Lions Gate Bridge opened for two-way traffic to and from Stanley Park and North Vancouver.

60 years ago
1948


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Stanley and George Spelvin (Wendell Holmes), on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Ancient Queen

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Prince Charles!

50 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): It's All in the Game--Tommy Edwards (2nd week at #1)

Politics and government
Admiral Wolfgang Larrazabal resigned as head of Venezuela's ruling junta to run for President; he was succeeded by Edgar Sanabria.

Dispatches from Hong Kong reported that officials of Shantung Province in northern China and Liaoning Province in Manchuria were undergoing a sweeping purge because of regional production failure.

Defense
U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower authorized Agriculture Secretary Ezra Taft Benson to barter surplus farm commodities for an expanded list of strategic minerals for the U.S. stockpile.

Oil
The French cabinet approved a law designed to open the Sahara desert to international oil exploration and development under 50-year concessions.

Energy
A Soviet delegation arrived in Cairo for talks on implementation of U.S.S.R. aid pledges for the Aswan High Dam project.

Economics and finance
The U.S.S.R. and France signed a trade agreement in Paris, providing for a 25% annual increase in trade by 1962.

40 years ago
1968


On television tonight
Dragnet 1969, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Public Affairs: DR-12



Space
The U.S.S.R. probe Zond 6 circled the Moon and began heading back toward Earth.

Japanica
The Showa Palace, a new seven-wing imperial palace, opened in Tokyo.

War
U.S. and South Vietnamese forces repulsed an attack by 1,000 Communist troops on a camp 60 miles north of Saigon, near the Cambodian border, killing 287 attackers.

Defense
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization Defense Planning Committee, meeting in Brussels, announced plans for substantial increases in NATO's conventional military strength. U.S. Defense Secretary Clark Clifford announced a six-point plan for increased U.S. participation to improve NATO's military position.

30 years ago
1978


On television tonight
The Paper Chase, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Seating Chart



Diplomacy
Chinese Deputy Premier Deng Xiaoping concluded a nine-day tour of Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, and Burma, during which he attacked the U.S.S.R.-Vietnam friendship treaty.

Defense
France conducted the Aphrodite nuclear test as 25th in the group of 29 French nuclear tests from 1975–78.

Labour
A strike by petroleum workers in Iran that had begun in late October and had resulted in drastically-reduced oil production ended after the government threatened to jail union leaders and fire striking workers.

25 years ago
1983


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Karma Chameleon--Culture Club (4th week at #1)

Defense
The first U.S. ground-launched Cruise missiles were delivered to Greenham Common Air Base in England. They were the first of a projected total of 572 U.S. missiles scheduled for deployment in western Europe over a five-year period. The U.S.A. made a new proposal on the limitation of medium-range missiles; the plan would limit the U.S.A. and U.S.S.R. to 420 warheads each.

Economics and finance
The Canadian House of Commons passed legislation to end the 86-year-old Crowsnest Pass grain freight rates. The new rates raised costs for farmers, but put $3.7 billion into rail upgrades.

20 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Don't Worry Be Happy--Bobby McFerrin

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Girl You Know it's True--Milli Vanilli (3rd week at #1)

10 years ago
1998


Politics and government
Former Canadian Prime Minister Joe Clark was selected as leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada; he had retired from politics five years earlier.

November 13, 2008

200 years ago
1808


Died on this date
George Duncan Ludlow, 74
. American-born judge. Mr. Ludlow was a Puisne Judge of the Province of New York, but was a Loyalist during the American Revolution and fled to New Brunswick, serving as the first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of New Brunswick from 1784 until his death in Fredericton.

170 years ago
1838


War
Rebels in Boucherville, Lower Canada dispersed on the arrival of the militia.

140 years ago
1868


Died on this date
Gioacchino Rossini, 76
. Italian composer. Mr. Rossini wrote 39 significant operas, as well as sacred music, songs, chamber music and piano pieces. He's perhaps best known for the overture to his opera Guillaume Tell (William Tell) (1829).

100 years ago
1908


Born on this date
C. Vann Woodward
. U.S historian. Dr. Woodward specialized in the American South and race relations, and argued that racial segregation in the South was a 19th century invention rather than a historical standard. He was known for his books Origins of the New South, 1877–1913 (1951); The Strange Career of Jim Crow (1955/1965/1974); and Mary Chesnut's Civil War (1981), winning the 1982 Pulitzer Prize for History for the latter. Dr. Woodward died on December 17, 1999 at the age of 91.

90 years ago
1918


War
Allied troops occupied Constantinople, the capital of the Ottoman Empire.

80 years ago
1928


Died on this date
Jesus Obregon
. Mexican military officer. Captain Obregon was the nephew of Mexican President-elect General Alvaro Obregon, who had been assassinated on July 17, 1928 by cartoonist Jose de Leon Toral. Capt. Obregon failed in an attempt to kill Mr. de Leon Toral in revenge for the assassination of his uncle, and committed suicide in Mexico City.

Disasters
A cyclone wrecked the Argentine town of Villa Maria, killing 41 people, injuring 150, and destroying 200,000 acres of crops.

60 years ago
1948


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard) (Best Seller): Buttons and Bows--Dinah Shore and the Happy Valley Boys (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Buttons and Bows--Dinah Shore and the Happy Valley Boys
--The Dinning Sisters
2 A Tree in the Meadow--Margaret Whiting
3 It's Magic--Doris Day
--Dick Haymes and Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra
--Tony Martin
--Gordon MacRae
4 Maybe You'll Be There--Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra
5 Twelfth Street Rag--Pee Wee Hunt and his Orchestra
6 My Happiness--The Pied Pipers
--Ella Fitzgerald
--Jon and Sondra Steele
7 You Call Everybody Darlin'--Al Trace and the Revelers
--The Andrews Sisters
8 Hair of Gold, Eyes of Blue--Gordon MacRae and the Starlighters
9 Until--Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra
10 On a Slow Boat to China--Kay Kyser Orchestra
--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--Benny Goodman and his Orchestra
--Art Lund

Singles entering the chart were Lavender Blue (Dilly Dilly), with versions by Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra; and Dinah Shore (#23); Gloria by the Mills Brothers (#26); and My Darling, with versions by Jo Stafford and Gordon MacRae and the Starlighters; and Doris Day and Buddy Clark (#36).

World events
South Korea imposed martial law in its southern provinces to suppress alleged revolutionary plots.

Defense
U.S. Defense Secretary James Forrestal released a civil defense plan prepared by the Defense Department, calling for the creation of a permanent national civil defense agency. The plan estimated that a nuclear attack would cause 40,000 deaths and 60,000 injuries for each atomic bomb used.

Football
IRFU
Finals
Montreal 7 @ Ottawa 15 (Ottawa won 2-game total points series 34-28)

ORFU
Finals
Toronto 1 @ Hamilton 31 (Hamilton won best-of-three series 2-0)

Matt Anthony and Tony Golab scored touchdowns for the Rough Riders as they eliminated the Alouettes before 16,000 fans at Lansdowne Park. Mr. Golab added a single, while Eric Chipper kicked a convert and single, and Howie Turner scored 2 singles. All the Montreal points were scored in the 4th quarter, with Bob Cunningham scoring a touchdown, converted by Steve Nemeth, with Ches McCance adding a single.

Frank Filchock threw touchdown passes to Doug Smith and George Festeryga, and rushed 35 yards for a touchdown of his own, as the Tigers routed the Beaches Indians. Jack Stewart scored the game's first touchdown, and Joe Cihocki also scored a TD. Don Crowe's single in the 1st quarter gave Toronto an early 1-0 lead. It was the last game for the Beaches Indians under that name; in 1949 they reverted to their previous name of Balmy Beach.

SIFL
Queen's (2-4) 10 @ McGill (1-5) 7
Western Ontario (5-1) 8 @ Toronto (4-2) 23

The Varsity Blues beat the Mustangs before 20,000 fans at Varsity Stadium, ending a 27-game winning streak stretching back to 1938; because the second-place team defeated the first-place team during the regular season, it would mean a playoff game would be held a week later to decide the championship.

50 years ago
1958


At the movies
Houseboat, co-written and directed by Melville Shavelson, and starring Cary Grant and Sophia Loren, opened in theatres in New York City.

Died on this date
John Randolph Hearst, 49
. U.S. newspaper executive. Mr. Hearst, the third son of newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst, was assistant general manager of Hearst Corporation. He died of a heart attack.

War
The Cuban government reported the deaths of 240 of Fidel Castro's guerrillas in fighting in Manzanillo, Oriente Province.

World events
A military court in Baghdad condemned to death former Iraqi Foreign Minister Burhanuddin Bashayan on charges of participating in an anti-government conspiracy.

40 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): The Good, the Bad and the Ugly--Hugo Montenegro, his Orchestra and Chorus

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Hey Jude/Revolution--The Beatles (6th week at #1)
2 Little Arrows--Leapy Lee
3 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
4 Harper Valley P.T.A.--Jeannie C. Riley
5 (The Lament of the Cherokee) Indian Reservation--Don Fardon
6 Hold Me Tight--Johnny Nash
7 Over You--Gary Puckett and the Union Gap
8 Mary, Mary/What am I Doing Hangin' 'Round--The Monkees
9 On the Road Again--Canned Heat
10 I've Gotta Get a Message to You/Kitty Can--The Bee Gees

Singles entering the chart were White Room by Cream (#36) and Midnight Confessions by the Grass Roots (#37).

Space
The United States launched HL-10 #13, with John Manke at the controls. The HL-10 was a lifting body designed for reentry from space.

Terrorism
An FLQ bomb exploded at the Domtar factory in Montréal.

Energy
11 nations signed an accord for a $27-million dam project in the lower Mekong area of Cambodia.

30 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Three Times a Lady--Commodores (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Kisetsu no Naka de--Chiharu Matsuyama (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (6th week at #1)

25 years ago
1983


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland: Karma Chameleon--Culture Club (3rd week at #1)

On the radio
The Stories of Sherlock Holmes, starring Graham Armitage and Kerry Jordan, on Springbok Radio
Tonight's episode: The Runaway Runner

Diplomacy
U.S. President Ronald Reagan toured the demilitarized zone separating North and South Korea.

Football
CFL
Eastern Semi-Final
Hamilton 33 @ Ottawa 31

Western Semi-Final
Edmonton 22 @ Winnipeg 49

A converted touchdown by Johnny Shepherd and a single on the ensuing kickoff with 1:21 remaining in regulation time provided the winning margin as the Tiger-Cats came back from a 15-2 2nd-quarter deficit to edge tejh Rough Riders before 28,524 fans at Lansdowne Park in what remains the most recent playoff game played in Ottawa. After Hamilton kicker Bernie Ruoff scored a single on a missed field goal, Ottawa quarterback J.C. Watts threw a 52-yard touchdown pass to Tyron Gray, and Gerry Organ's convert gave Ottawa a 7-1 lead just 3:13 into the game. Mr. Ruoff and Ottawa's Ken Clark exchanged punt singles later in the quarter, and then Mr. Watts completed a 25-yard touchdown pass to Dave Newman, to make the score 15-2 after Mr. Organ's convert at 1:24 of the 2nd quarter. A single by Mr. Ruoff made the score 15-3, and then the Tiger-Cats made a big play to make the game close when linebacker Ed Gataveckas scored the only touchdown of his CFL career, returning a blocked punt 7 yards, with Mr. Ruoff's convert making the score 15-10 at 6:09 of the 2nd quarter. Another single by Mr. Ruoff followed before Hamilton quarterback Dieter Brock connected with Keith Baker for a 12-yard touchdown with 2:55 remaining until halftime. Mr. Ruoff's convert gave Hamilton an 18-15 lead. Mr. Organ kicked a 12-yard field goal to tie the score with 23 seconds left, but Mr. Brock quickly moved the Tiger-Cats into position for Mr. Ruoff to give them a 21-18 lead with a 31-yard field goal on the last play of the 1st half. Messrs. Organ and Ruoff exchanged field goals in the 3rd quarter, and then Mr. Organ missed a 27-yard FG, scoring a single to leave the Rough Riders trailing 24-22 after 3 quarters. Ottawa regained the lead with 12:50 remaining in regulation time when Skip Walker rushed 1 yard for a touchdown, converted by Mr. Organ, to make the score 29-24. Another single by Mr. Ruoff followed, and then Mark Young caught a punt from Mr. Organ at his own 38-yard line and lateralled to Mr. Baker, who went 53 yards to the Ottawa 19-yard line. On third down and 10 yards to go, Mr. Brock threw to Scott Collie, who made the clutch catch at the 3-yard line. Mr. Shepherd rushed for the touchdown on the next play; Mr. Ruoff converted and kicked a single on the kickoff when the ball bounced between two Ottawa returners into the end zone. Mr. Watts marched the Rough Riders inside the Hamilton 20-yard line in the last minute, but 3 straight passes were incomplete, the last a high throw into the Hamilton end zone that Mr. Newman got his hands on but couldn't catch. The Tiger-Cats conceded a safety touch on the last play of the game. Mr. Brock completed 28 of 43 passes for 352 yards, while Mr. Watts was just 15 for 34 for 303 yards. Mr. Gray led all receivers with 98 yards on 4 receptions, while Mr. Newman caught 4 for 87. Ron Johnson led the Tiger-Cats with 95 yards on 4 receptions, while Mr. Baker caught 6 for 88. Mr. Walker, the CFL's rushing leader in the regular season, gained 118 yards on 11 carries. Mr. Shepherd led the Tiger-Cats with 48 yards on 11 carries. It was the final game of the excellent 12-year CFL career of Mr. Organ, and the last in an Ottawa uniform for backup quarterback Chris Isaac, who had been named the league's most outstanding rookie in 1982, but had lost his starting job upon the return of Mr. Watts from a 1-year retirement. It was also the last game for Ernie Calcutt of Ottawa radio station CFRA as the voice of the Rough Riders. The veteran play-by-play broadcaster died on January 10, 1984 at the age of 51, several days after suffering a stroke.

The Blue Bombers scored 3 touchdowns in the last 4 minutes and 42 seconds of the 1st half to break a 7-7 tie and take a 28-7 halftime lead as they coasted to victory over the Eskimos before 31, 379 fans at Commonwealth Stadium, ending the Eskimos' record string of Grey Cup championships at 5 and Western Division championships at 6. Winnipeg opened the scoring with 3:13 remaining in the 1st quarter when Scott Flagel blocked Paul Hickie's punt and Aaron Brown returned it 23 yards for a touchdown, converted by Trevor Kennerd. The Eskimos tied the game at 2:23 of the 2nd quarter on a 1-yard touchdown rush by Scott Stauch, converted by Dave Cutler. The Winnipeg offense failed to record a first down until the 3:24 mark of the 2nd quarter, but James Sykes, who rushed 22 times for 124 yards for the game, scored on a 27-yard rush with 4:42 remaining in the 2nd quarter, and on a 1-yard rush with 1:31 remaining. Quarterback Tom Clements completed a 9-yard touchdown pass to James Murphy with 3 seconds remaining, with all TDs converted by Mr. Kennerd. Mr. Hickie punted 83 yards for a single early in the 3rd quarter, but the Blue Bombers struck back with a 73-yard touchdown pass from Mr. Clements to Jeff Boyd. Bob Cameron's 56-yard punt single gave Winnipeg a 36-8 lead, but the Eskimos immeidately replied with a 75-yard touchdown bomb from Warren Moon to Brian Kelly, converted by Mr. Cutler with 7:51 remaining in the 3rd quarter. Just 1:13 later, Mr. Clements connected with Mr. Murphy for a 60-yard TD, and Mr. Kennerd's convert gave Winnipeg a 43-15 lead after 3 quarters. Mr. Kennerd lined up for a field goal attempt early in the 4th quarter, but Mr. Cameron, the holder, couldn't handle the snap, and Edmonton defensive back Joe Hollmon recovered and ran 59 yards for a touchdown, converted by Mr. Cutler. Mr. Kennerd kicked field goals of 25 and 34 yards to complete the scoring. Rookie Matt Dunigan replaced Mr. Moon late in the game and drove the Eskimos deep into Winnipeg territory, but Milson Jones dropped a third-down pass that may have become a touchdown, and the Blue Bombers ran out the clock. Mr. Clements completed 21 of 29 passes for 445 yards and 3 touchdowns, while Mr. Moon was 13 for 25 for 269 yards, a touchdown and 2 interceptions--both by Donovan Rose. Mr. Dunigan completed 2 of 5 passes for 52 yards. Mr. Kelly led all receivers with 176 yards on 4 receptions, while Mr. Boyd led the Blue Bombers with 7 receptions for 169 yards and Mr. Murphy caught 5 for 122. For the Eskimos, it marked the first time in 11 years that they hadn't advanced to the Western Final, and marked the end of an era. 17 of the 34 players who dressed for the Eskimos in this game never played another game in an Edmonton uniform that counted, including such names as Mr. Moon, Mr. Stauch, Dave Fennell, Larry Highbaugh, Ed Jones, Dale Potter, Tom Scott, James Parker, David Boone, Angelo Santucci, and Emilio Fraietta. Mr. Scott caught just 1 pass for 15 yards, while Pete Harvey, also playing his last game, caught 1 for 21. Mr. Moon led the Edmonton ground game with 27 yards on 3 carries; Mr. Stauch rushed 7 times for 23 yards.

20 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Desire--U2 (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: A Groovy Kind of Love--Phil Collins (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Jaromír Vejvoda, 86
. Czech musician. Mr. Vejvoda was best known for composing the instrumental piece Modřanská polka in 1929, which became known as Beer Barrel Polka in later years after English lyrics were written.

Antal Doráti, 82. Hungarian-born U.S. conductor and composer. Mr. Doráti was principal conductor of nine orchestras, including the National Symphony Orchestra (1970-1977) and Royal Philharmonic Orchestra (1975-1979). He conducted over 600 recordings, and was best known for his association with the music of Tchaikovsky.

Protest
CÉGEP students ended their strike in Québec community colleges.

Football
CFL
Eastern Semi-Final
Hamilton 28 @ Winnipeg 35

Western Semi-Final
British Columbia 42 @ Saskatchewan 18

Tim Jessie rushed 17 times for 70 yards and a touchdown and caught 6 passes for 55 yards and another TD as the Blue Bombers defeated the Tiger-Cats before just 12,210 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Winnipeg quarterback Sean Salisbury completed 25 of 40 passes for 332 yards, 1 interception and 2 touchdowns, the second of which, a 5-yard pass to Tony Johns with 5:06 remaining in regulation time, gave the Blue Bombers a 35-21 lead after Trevor Kennerd's convert and provided the winning margin. Mr. Kennerd converted all 3 Winnipeg touchdowns and kicked 4 field goals; the team recorded a safety touch when Hamilton punter Paul Osbaldiston conceded in the 2nd quarter. Mr. Osbaldiston kicked 4 field goals, 2 singles, and converted both Hamilton touchdowns. Martin Sartin, who carried 9 times for 17 yards and caught 4 passes for 34 yards in his final CFL game, rushed 2 yards for the first Hamilton TD at 8:17 of the 1st quarter. Todd Dillon, dressing for his first game as a Tiger-Cat after being released by the Ottawa Rough Riders in mid-season, rushed 1 yard for the final touchdown with 1:45 remaining in regulation time. Tom Porras started at quarterback for the Tiger-Cats and completed 10 of 20 passes for just 108 yards and an interception; Mr. Dillon was 7 for 11 for 75 yards. Winnipeg's James Murphy led all receivers with 114 yards on 6 receptions; Richard Estell led the Tiger-Cats with 5 receptions for 73 yards.



The Lions led only 18-17 at halftime, but outscored the Roughriders 24-1 in the 2nd half to defeat them before 26,229 fans on a cold Sunday afternoon in the first playoff game at Taylor Field in Regina, and the Roughriders' first playoff game anywhere, in 12 years. Tony Cherry rushed for 184 yards and 2 touchdowns to lead the Lions, and Anthony Parker added 55 yards on 11 carries. B.C. quarterback Matt Dunigan completed 19 of 29 passes for 193 yards and a touchdown to Eric Streater, while Saskatchewan quarterback Tom Burgess completed just 19 of 42 passes for 276 yards and a 21-yard touchdown to Tom Burgess with 5 seconds left in the 2nd quarter. Mr. Burgess led the Roughriders' rushing game with 8 carries for 30 yards.



10 years ago
1998


Died on this date
Valerie Hobson, 81
. U.K. actress. Miss Hobson appeared in such movies as Great Expectations (1946); Kind Hearts and Coronets (1949); and The Rocking Horse Winner (1950). She was married to British Defense Secretary John Profumo, whose career ended in a sex scandal in 1963, leading to the downfall of Prime Minister Harold Macmillan and the Conservative government. The marriage of Mr. Profumo and Miss Hobson endured until her death.

Red Holzman, 78. U.S. basketball player and coach. William Holzman was a point guard with City College of New York from 1940-42; after service in World War II, he played with the Rochester Royals (1944-53) and Milwaukee Hawks (1953-54), helping the Royals win the NBA championship in 1951. He was playing coach with the Hawks in 1954, and continued as a non-playing coach until he was fired in 1957, by which time the Hawks had moved to St. Louis. Mr. Holzman was a scout for the New York Knickerbockers from 1957-67, then coached them from 1967-1982, except for a brief period from 1977-78. He led the Knicks to NBA championships in 1970 and 1973, and compiled a career NBA coaching record of 696-604, with 613 of his wins coming with the Knicks. Mr. Holzman was inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame in 1985, and died of leukemia.

Scandal
U.S. President Bill Clinton agreed to pay Paula Jones $850,000 to settle a sexual harassment lawsuit.

November 12, 2008

170 years ago
1838


War
Republican Colonel Nils von Schoultz led 200 Canadian exiles and U.S. sympathizers in an attack against Prescott, Upper Canada, beginning the four-day Battle of the Windmill against British regulars and the local Upper Canadian militia.

160 years ago
1848


Born on this date
Eduard Müller
. Swiss politician. Mr. Müller, a member of the Free Democratic Party, was Mayor of Bern (1888-1895) and President of the Swiss National Council (1890-1891) before serving on the Swiss Federal Council (1895-1919), holding various posts until his death on November 9, 1919, three days before his 71st birthday.

110 years ago
1898


Politics and government
The Earl of Minto took office as Governor General of Canada, as Lord and Lady Aberdeen prepared to leave Canada to return to Great Britain.

Football
ORFU
Osgoode Hall (2-4) 1 @ Ottawa (6-0) 53
Hamilton (4-2) 14 @ Toronto (0-6) 0

100 years ago
1908


Born on this date
Harry Blackmun
. Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, 1970-1994. Justice Blackmun was a lawyer in Minneapolis before serving on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit from 1959-1970. He was appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court by Richard Nixon and was expected to be a conservative voice on the Court, but ended up as the Supreme Court's most liberal voice. Justice Blackmun is best remembered as the author of the majority opinion in Roe v. Wade (1973), which struck down restrictions on abortion throughout the United States. He championed the murder of unborn babies for the rest of his life, which ended on March 4, 1999 at the age of 90, just over a year after falling and breaking his hip.

90 years ago
1918


Europeana
Austria became a republic; after the proclamation, a coup attempt by the communist Red Guard was defeated by the social-democratic Volkswehr.

80 years ago
1928


Labour
United Fruit Company workers in Colombia went on strike in protest against what they regarded as inhumane working conditions. The strike ended on December 6 when military troops, ordered to the town of Ciénaga by President Miguel Abadía Méndez, massacred as many as 3,000 strikers.

Disasters
The U.K. steamship SS Vestris, en route from New York to Barbados and South America, sank 240 miles off the Virginia Capes, with the loss of 67 passengers and 43 crew members, including captain William Carey, who reportedly refused a life belt. 60 passengers and 110 crew members were rescued by several ships, including the U.S. battleship Wyoming. It was stated that the Vestris had been leaking and listing since running into a hurricane late on November 10. Other fatalities included Japanese Consul in Argentina Major Y. Inouye, and auto racing drivers N.K. Batten and E.F. De Vore.

Football
ORFU
Semi-Finals
Toronto Balmy Beach 0 @ University of Toronto II 1

IRFU-Canadian university
Exhibition
Montreal 35 @ McGill 6

Beano Wright scored 3 field goals and a convert to help the Winged Wheelers defeat McGill before 8,000 fans at Molson Stadium.

WCRFU-Canadian junior
Exhibition
Winnipeg St. John's 8 @ Regina Pats 40

St. John's, a senior team, left many of their regular players at home, using many irregulars in their loss to the junior Pats.

ARU
Calgary (1-4) 6 @ Edmonton (4-1) 27

Don Stuart, Mr. McKeever, and F. Faulder scored touchdowns for the Eskimos as they beat the Tigers at Renfrew Park. Mr. Jones added a convert, 3 field goals, and a single, while Hal Richard completed the Edmonton scoring with a rouge. Mr. Thompson scored late in the game for the Tigers, with Mr. Williams converting, to break up the Eskimos' bid for a shutout.
http://peel.library.ualberta.ca/newspapers/GAT/1928/11/12/4/Ar00405.html

WCIRU
Alberta (4-0) 15 @ Manitoba (1-3) 8

Freddie Hess returned a punt 115 yards for a touchdown with 5 minutes remaining the game to clinch U of A's win over U of M in Winnipeg (see also here and here). Mr. Hess also kicked 3 singles and converted Mickey Timothy's 5-yard touchdown rush in the 2nd quarter, and Mr. O'Brien added a single. The Manitoba touchdown was scored in the first few minutes of the game, as Mr. MacDonald recovered his opening kickoff at the Alberta 20-yard line. On third down, Mr. Downey recovered an onside kick in the end zone for a touchdown to make the score 5-0. Mr. MacDonald punted for 3 singles in the 2nd quarter as the game was tied 8-8 at halftime. The game ended with U of M in possession of the ball on the U of A 5-yard line.

70 years ago
1938


Transportation
The Lions Gate Bridge opened for traffic from Vancouver, British Columbia to North Vancouver, after 1 1/2 years of construction at a cost of $5.8 million. A toll of 25c was charged for each car; the first to cross was R.F. Hearns of West Vancouver.

Football
IRFU
Ottawa (5-1) 18 @ Montreal (0-6) 3
Toronto (5-1) 24 @ Hamilton (2-4) 8

WIFU
Finals
Calgary 2 @ Winnipeg 13 (Winnipeg won 2-game total points series 25-9)

ORFU
Toronto (3-3) 14 @ Montreal (3-1-2) 13

The Blue Bombers led the Bronks 3-2 after 3 quarters at Osborne Stadium, with Greg Kabat's field goal offsetting a pair of Calgary singles, but Mr. Kabat kicked another field goal in the 4th quarter and Art Stevenson scored a touchdown, converted by Fritz Hanson. The Bronks lost 2 fumbles and threw 2 interceptions, which greatly hurt their cause.

Canadian university
McGill (5-1) 6 @ Western Ontario (4-2) 16
Queen's (0-6) 10 @ Toronto (3-3) 13

60 years ago
1948


Died on this date
Umberto Giordano, 81
. Italian composer. Mr. Giordano was known for composing operas, particularly Andrea Chénier (1896) and Fedora (1898).

War
In Tokyo, the International Military Tribunal for the Far East sentenced seven Japanese military and government officials, including General Hideki Tojo, to death for war crimes in World War II. 16 other defendants were sentenced to life in prison. The tribunal exonerated Emperor Hirohito, ruling that he had opposed militarist policies and had been deceived by cabinet ministers. General Douglas MacArthur gave all defendants one week to appeal their sentences.

Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion reported that Israel had begun talks with two Arab governments on a Palestine peace settlement.

Health
Colonel James Cooney, head of the U.S. Army Surgeon General's special projects division, claimed at the American Public Health Association convention in Boston that the atomic bomb left little radiation and killed primarily with its blast.

Business
A U.S. grand jury in Cleveland indicted General Electric, Westinghouse, and four other street lighting equipment manufacturers on charges of monopolizing the $10-million-per-year industry.

Labour
Eight million German workers in the U.S. and U.K. zones staged a 24-hour general strike to protest high food prices.

International Longshoremen's Association President Joseph Ryan authorized the wildcat walkout of New York dockworkers, and ordered all East Coast ILA members to strike in a wage dispute with employers.

50 years ago
1958


Died on this date
James Michael Curley, 83
. U.S. politician. Mr. Curley, a Democrat, had a lengthy, colourful, and scandal-plagued career in office spanning almost 50 years. He was best known for his four terms as Mayor of Boston at various times from 1914-1950, and a term as Governor of Massachusetts (1935-1937). Mr. Curley, appealed to Roman Catholics of Irish ancestry, and was elected and kept in office largely as a result of tribal voting. He was successful in implementing public works while taking graft, which resulted in two prison terms, the second of which occurred during his last term as Mayor. Mr. Curley died eight days before his 84th birthday.

Defense
The U.S.S.R. agreed to begin negotiation of a nuclear test control system on condition that the Western powers give "tentative" approval to the test-ban agreement.

U.S. Ambassador to the Philippines Charles Bohlen reopened negotiations with Philippine Foreign Minister Felixberto Serrano on revision of the 1946 U.S.-Philippine military base pact.

Politics and government
The Guinean Constituent Assembly adopted the nation's first constitution.

The Lebanese Parliament voted to grant Prime Minister Rashid Karami's cabinet power to rule by decree for six months.

Oil
The Communist Chinese government reported new strikes in the Turfan basin of Sinkiang Province and the Kiuchuan basin of Kansu Province.

Adventure
A team of rock climbers led by Warren Harding completed the first ascent of The Nose on El Capitan in Yosemite Valley, California.

Economics and finance
U.S.S.R. Premier Nikita Khrushchev presented to the Communist Party Central Committee in Moscow a new seven-year plan designed to increase Soviet industrial production by 80%.

Labour
Citing U.S. State Department "national interest" directives, the New York State Commission Against Discrimination reaffirmed the Arabian American Oil Company's exemption from complying with the state's statutory ban on employment bias.

U.S. federal arbitrator Emanuel Stein ordered CBS to reinstate television producer Joseph Papp, founder of the New York City Shakespeare Festival, who had been fired after invoking the Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution while appearing before the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities.

Football
CFL
IRFU
Semi-Final
Ottawa 26 @ Montreal 12

Rookie quarterback Russ Jackson rushed for 2 touchdowns and handed off to Don Pinhey for another as he led the Rough Riders over the Alouettes at Molson Stadium. Pat Abbruzzi and Joel Wells rushed for Montreal touchdowns. It was the final game for Mr. Abbruzzi in a Montreal uniform.

40 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin (4th week at #1)

Diplomacy
Equatorial Guinea was admitted to the United Nations as its 126th member nation.

Disasters
22 people were killed in a crash between a bus and a tanker truck in Accra, Ghana.

Boxing
Billy Walker (21-7-2) scored a technical knockout of Thad Spencer (32-8) at 2:04 of the 6th round of a heavyweight bout at Empire Pool, Wembley, London.

George Chuvalo (53-14-2) scored a technical knockout of Dante Cane (23-4-3) in the 7th round of a heavyweight bout at Maple Leaf Gardens in Toronto.

Former world heavyweight champion Sonny Liston (44-3) knocked out Roger Rischer (29-12-2) at 2:23 of the 3rd round at Civic Arena in Pittsburgh in the main event of a benefit card for Ben Anolik, Pennsylvania's first heart transplant patient.

30 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Substitute--Clout

Politics and government
Jean Drapeau was elected Mayor of Montréal for the seventh consecutive time.

Football
CFL
Western Semi-Final
Winnipeg 4 @ Calgary 38

Tom Forzani and Willie Burden each scored 2 touchdowns, and James Sykes rushed 67 yards for the game's first TD, as the Stampeders routed the Blue Bombers before 26,888 fans on a cold Sunday afternoon at McMahon Stadium. The Blue Bombers never threatened and were beaten before they ever took the field; starting quarterback Dieter Brock had suffered a season-ending knee injury a week earlier, and backup Terry Luck had a large and painful bruise on his chaest that prevented him fromdoing more than holding for placekicks. Harry Knight, who had been on the injured list since August with a torn rotator cuff on his throwing arm, was forced into action and played the entire game, completing 13 of 31 passes for just 96 yards; he never played again. John Hufnagel played well at quarterback for the Stampeders and was relieved in the 4th quarter by rookie Craig Juntunen, who threw his first CFL touchdown pass, Mr. Forzani's second TD of the game. One of the few highlights for Winnipeg was a 52-yard field goal by Bernie Ruoff. For most of the Stampeders, it was their first playoff game, since the Stampeders were playing their first playof game in seven years.



CIAU
Atlantic Bowl @ Huskies Stadium, Halifax
Queen's 32 St. Francis Xavier 10

Jim Rutka completed 14 of 24 passes for 284 yards, including a 19-yard touchdown to Bob O'Doherty, to lead the Golden Gaels over the X-Men. Dave Marinucci led the Queen's rushing attack with 99 yards and a touchdown. Queen's amassed 449 yards in total offense to just 200 for St. Francis Xavier.

25 years ago
1983


Hit parade
#1 single in France: Flashdance...What a Feeling--Irene Cara (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): All Night Long (All Night)--Lionel Richie (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Uptown Girl--Billy Joel

#1 single in the U.K.: Uptown Girl--Billy Joel (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): All Night Long (All Night)--Lionel Richie

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Islands in the Stream--Kenny Rogers with Dolly Parton (2nd week at #1)
2 All Night Long (All Night)--Lionel Richie
3 Total Eclipse of the Heart--Bonnie Tyler
4 Say Say Say--Paul McCartney and Michael Jackson
5 True--Spandau Ballet
6 One Thing Leads to Another--The Fixx
7 Cum On Feel the Noize--Quiet Riot
8 Uptown Girl--Billy Joel
9 Delirious--Prince
10 Suddenly Last Summer--The Motels

Singles entering the chart were Undercover of the Night by the Rolling Stones (#43); If I'd Been the One by 38 Special (#79); Joanna by Kool & The Gang (#82); I Still Can't Get Over Loving You by Ray Parker, Jr. (#87); Baby I Lied by Deborah Allen (#88); and Magnetic by Earth, Wind & Fire (#90).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Islands in the Stream--Kenny Rogers with Dolly Parton
2 Modern Love--David Bowie
3 All Night Long (All Night)--Lionel Richie
4 True--Spandau Ballet
5 Making Love Out of Nothing at All--Air Supply
6 Telefone (Long Distance Love Affair)--Sheena Easton
7 In a Big Country--Big Country
8 Burning Down the House--Talking Heads
9 One Thing Leads to Another--The Fixx
10 Uptown Girl--Billy Joel

Singles entering the chart were Undercover of the Night by the Rolling Stones (#43); Owner of a Lonely Heart by Yes (#45); The Way He Makes Me Feel by Barbra Streisand (#47); Why Me? by Irene Cara (#49); and Old Emotions by the Spoons (#50).

Diplomacy
In an address to the South Korean National Assembly in Seoul, U.S. President Ronald Reagan reaffirmed the American commitment to South Korea's defense.

Football
Little Grey Cup @ Windsor, Ontario
Edmonton Wildcats 30 Ottawa Sooners 11

Greg Kratzer caught 2 touchdown passes from Mark Denesiuk and returned a punt 75 yards for another TD to lead the Wildcats to the championship of Canadian junior football.

20 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): I Don't Want Your Love--Duran Duran (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Teardrops--Womack & Womack

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Teardrops--Womack & Womack (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Amor de mis amores--Paco (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Orinoco Flow--Enya (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Orinoco Flow--Enya (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Wild, Wild West--Escape Club

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Kokomo--The Beach Boys (2nd week at #1)
2 Wild, Wild West--Escape Club
3 Bad Medicine--Bon Jovi
4 The Loco-Motion--Kylie Minogue
5 Desire--U2
6 One Moment in Time--Whitney Houston
7 A Groovy Kind of Love--Phil Collins
8 Kissing a Fool--George Michael
9 How Can I Fall?--Breathe
10 Baby, I Love Your Way/Freebird Medley (Free Baby)--Will to Power

Singles entering the chart were Smooth Criminal by Michael Jackson (#70); Back on Holiday by Robbie Nevil (#76); Nobody's Perfect by Mike + the Mechanics (#80); American Dream by Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young (#84); Love, Truth and Honesty by Bananarama (#86); If You Feel It by Denise Lopez (#87); I'm Gonna Miss You by Kenny Loggins (#89); and You Make Me Work by Cameo (#91).

Died on this date
Lyman Lemnitzer, 89
. U.S. military officer. General Lemnitzer graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1920, and served in World War II and the Korean War. A four-star general, he was Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff from 1960-1962. He approved of Operation Northwoods, a plan to foment "flase flag" terrorist events in the United States that would be blamed on the Cuban regime of dictator Fidel Castro, thus providing justification for a U.S. military invasion of Cuba and the overthrow of the Castro regime. U.S. President John F. Kennedy rejected the operation, and shortly thereafter refused to give Gen. Lemnitzer another term as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. In November 1962, Gen. Lemnitzer was appointed commander of U.S. forces in Europe. In January 1963, he became Supreme Allied Commander of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, a position he held until his retirement in July 1969.

Football
CIAU
Atlantic Bowl @ Huskies Stadium, Halifax
Bishop's 10 @ St. Mary's 44

November 11, 2008

230 years ago
1778


War
Loyalists and Seneca Indian forces attacked a fort and village in Cherry Valley in eastern New York during the American Revolutionary War, killing more than 40 civilians and soldiers.

140 years ago
1868


Track and field
The first indoor track and field meet in the United States was held at Empire State Skating Rink in Manhattan, New York City. Races began with the sound of a bass drum, not that of a starting gun, and the track was square and made of clay. William Curtis, who later helped found the New York Athletic Club, won the 75-yard dash in 9.0 seconds. He wore shoes with spikes--common in England, but a novelty in the United States.

110 years ago
1898


Born on this date
René Clair
. French film director and writer. Mr. Clair, born René-Lucien Chomette, began his career in silent movies in 1924, but became known for directing some of France's earliest sound films, including Sous les toits de Paris (Under the Roofs of Paris) (1930); Le Million (1931); and À nous la liberté (1931). He worked in England in the mid-late 1930s and then in Hollywood until 1946, with his biggest success coming wih And Then There were None (1945). Mr. Clair returned to France in 1947 and directed films until 1965, but he was seen as out of touch with the times. He increasingly turned to writing, producing journal articles and the occasional work of fiction. Mr. Clair died on March 15, 1981 at the age of 82.

90 years ago
1918


Died on this date
Augustin Trébuchon, 40
. French soldier. Private First Class Trébuchon was shot and killed at 10:45 A.M. at Ardenne, France, 15 minutes before the armistice went into effect, becoming the last French combat fatality of World War I.

George Ellison, 40. U.K. soldier. Private Ellison was killed while on patrol on the outskirts of Mons, Belgium at 9:45 A.M., becoming the last British combat fatality of World War I.

George Price, 25. Canadian soldier. Private Price, a native of Falmouth, Nova Scotia and a resident of Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan was a member of the Canadian Army's Saskatchewan 28th Battalion. He was shot and killed by a German sniper at 10:58 A.M. at Mons, two minutes before the Armistice went into effect, becoming the British Empire's last combat fatality of World War I.

Henry Gunther, 23. U.S. soldier. Private Gunther served with the American Expeditionary Force's 313th Infantry Regiment. He arrived in France in July 1918 as a supply sergeant, but was demoted to private after a letter home complaining about conditions at the front was intercepted. Private Gunther was reportedly upset about his demotion and determined to redeem his rank, prompting his decision to disobey orders and charge toward the German lines, with just one minute remaining before the armistice went into effect. The German soldiers attempted to wave Pvt. Gunther away, but he was killed by a burst of machine gun fire, becoming the last combat casualty of World War I. His rank of sergeant was posthumously restored.

War
French Field Marshal Ferdinand Foch and the members of the German Armistice Commission signed a formal surrender to end World War I at 5 A.M. in Marshal Foch's railway car in the Forest of Compiègne, to take effect at 11 A.M., as Sir Arthur Currie's Canadian troops chased the last Germans out of Mons, Belgium, under German occupation since 1914. See also here, here, and here.

World events
Józef Piłsudski assumed supreme military power in Poland, marking the symbolic first day of Polish independence.

Emperor Charles I of Austria-Hungary relinquished power.

80 years ago
1928


On the radio
The first nationwide broadcast in the United Kingdom took place as King George V observed the 10th anniversary of the Great War armistice at the Cenotaph in London.

Died on this date
Erne J. Riley, 32
. U.S. poetess. Miss Riley, whose poems were often read on radio and who spent her life in a wheelchair or in bed, burned to death in the bedroom of her home in Edgewater, New Jersey while her parents were attending church. She telephoned the fire department, but rescue efforts were too late.

Politics and government
Four days after being forced by the extreme wing of the Radical-Socialist Party to resign his Government of National Union, French Prime Minister Raymond Poincare formed a new cabinet, with the Radicals left out.

75 years ago
1933


Football
IRFU
Toronto (4-2) 11 @ Montreal (4-2) 10
Hamilton (1-5) 14 @ Ottawa (3-3) 7

70 years ago
1938


Football
ORFU
Peterborough (1-5) 0 @ Sarnia (3-1-2) 59

Joe Woodcock scored 3 touchdowns, Pat Butler and Jimmy Shanks scored 2 each, and Bummer Stirling, Pat Parsons, and Harry "Hi" Living each scored a TD for the Imperials as they routed the Orfuns at Davis Field. Mr. Living's eligibility to play was in question; the Imperials claimed that the current resident of Holly, Michigan was born in Hafford, Saskatchewan and lived in Canada until the age of 9 before moving to the United States. Mr. Living's eligibility was upheld at a league meeting two days later when vital records proved that he had been born in Saskatchewan, but the Imperials were fined $50 for having used him before his eligibility was established.

60 years ago
1948


At the movies
Joan of Arc, directed by Victor Fleming and starring Ingrid Bergman, received its premiere screening in New York City.

Football
IRFU
Finals
Ottawa 19 @ Montreal 21 (First game of 2-game total points series)

WIFU
Finals
Saskatchewan 6 @ Calgary 17 (Calgary won 2-game total points series 21-10)

Tony Golab scored 3 touchdowns for the Rough Riders, but it wasn't enough, as Virgil Wagner scored 2 touchdowns and Joey Pal added another to help the Alouettes win at Delorimier Stadium. Ches McCance kicked a field goal and 2 converts for Montreal, and Steve Nemeth added a convert. Mr. Golab returned interceptions for 2 of his touchdowns, and scored the other when he recovered his own punt in the Montreal end zone. Wilf Tremblay converted all 3 Ottawa touchdowns, and Howie Turner added a single.

Paul Rowe rushed for a touchdown in the 3rd quarter and Keith Spaith rushed for another in the 4th quarter as the Stampeders outscored the Roughriders 11-0 in the 2nd half before 10,000 fans at Mewata Stadium to win the first Western championship for a Calgary team since the Tigers in 1911. On the game's first play from scrimmage, Saskatchewan halfback Gabe Patterson, in what turned out to be his final game, rushed 78 yards for a touchdown, which he converted, to give the Roughriders a 10-4 lead in the series. The Stampeders replied when Pete Thodos rushed 34 yards to set up a 1-yard touchdown rush by Mr. Spaith. Fred Wilmot converted, and the teams were tied 6-6 in the game and 10-10 in the series at halftime. Mr. Thodos set up the final touchdown with 2 rushes for 31 yards before Mr. Spaith scored, with Mr. Wilmot converting.

50 years ago
1958


War
Algerian provisional government leader Ferhat Abbas said that he was ready to accept a "temporary cease-fire in Algeria and peace negotiation with France" provided they were arranged by the United Nations.

Defense
Following lengthy talks in Moscow, Polish and Soviet leaders issued a joint statement saying that the two countries had agreed to strengthen the Warsaw Pact as a response to U.S. prevention of an East-West summit.

World events
Argentine President Arturo Frondizi declared a 30-day state of siege in the wake of widespread labour unrest.

Terrorism
Cuban guerrillas released 25 passengers and the three-man crew of a Cubana Airlines plane they had seized in Santiago de Cuba on November 5.

Football
CFL
WIFU
Semi-Finals
Saskatchewan 1 @ Edmonton 31 (Edmonton won 2-game total points series 58-12)

Johnny Bright scored 2 touchdowns and Jim Letcavits added a touchdown and a single to help the Eskimos rout the Roughriders at Clarke Stadium. Normie Kwong scored the other Edmonton touchdown, and Joe Mobra added 3 converts and a field goal. Mr. Letcavits caught 5 passes for 139 yards, with his touchdown covering 63 yards on a pass from Don Getty. Edmonton linebacker Don Stephenson made 2 interceptions and recovered a Saskatchewan fumble. Larry Isbell, playing his last game, made an interception for the Roughriders. It was the last game in a Saskatchewan uniform for running back and linebacker Cookie Gilchrist.

40 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Koi no Kisetsu--Pinky and the Killers (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Oh Lord, Why Lord--Pop-Tops (2nd week at #1)

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Hold Me Tight--Johnny Nash
2 Hey Jude--The Beatles
3 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
4 Elenore--The Turtles
5 White Room--Cream
6 Magic Carpet Ride--Steppenwolf
7 Sweet Blindness--The 5th Dimension
8 Midnight Confessions--The Grass Roots
9 Over You--Gary Puckett and the Union Gap
10 Hi-Heel Sneakers--Jose Feliciano

Singles entering the chart were Cycles by Frank Sinatra (#67); Let's Make a Promise by Peaches and Herb (#71); Peace Brother Peace by Bill Medley (#77); Sweet Darlin' by Martha Reeeves and the Vandellas (#78); Right Relations by Johnny Rivers (#80); Only One Woman by the Marbles (#82); Hooked on a Feeling by B.J. Thomas (#87); Goodbye My Love by James Brown (#88); On the Way Home by Buffalo Springfield (#89); Mornin' Glory by Bobbie Gentry and Glen Campbell (#90); Put Your Head on My Shoulder by the Lettermen (#91); Everybody Got to Believe in Somebody by Sam & Dave (#92); With a Little Help from My Friends by Joe Cocker (#94); Lo Mucho que te Quiero (The More I Love You) by Rene & Rene (#95); Billy You're My Friend by Gene Pitney (#96); King Croesus by World of Oz (#97); Jesse Brady by the McCoys (#98); and Slow Drag by the Intruders (#99).

On television tonight
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Peter Cushing and Nigel Stock, on BBC 1
Tonight's episode: The Musgrave Ritual

War
The U.S. Seventh Air Force and U.S. Navy Task Force 77 began Operation Commando Hunt in Vietnam. The goal was to interdict men and supplies on the Ho Chi Minh trail, through Laos into South Vietnam.

Africana
A new flag of Rhodesia was raised at ceremonies in Salisbury marking the third anniversary of the country's unilateral declaration of independence.

30 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Una donna per amico--Lucio Battisti (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Mama Leone--Bino (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland: One Day at a Time--Gloria (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Summer Nights--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): MacArthur Park--Donna Summer

#1 single in Canada (RPM): You Needed Me--Anne Murray (3rd week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Dreadlock Holiday--10 cc
2 Hopelessly Devoted to You--Olivia Newton-John
3 Hot Shot--Karen Young
4 Tell Me Your Plans--The Shirts
5 Summer Nights--John Travolta, Olivia Newton-John & Cast
6 Greased Lightnin'--John Travolta
7 Get Off--Foxy
8 Dear John--Teach In
9 Guust Flater En De Marsupilami--Wij Zijn Twee Vrienden
10 Kiss You All Over--Exile

Singles entering the chart were Love Don't Live Here Anymore by Rose Royce (#17); Malibu by Patricia Paay (#29); Lost in Your Love by John Paul Young (#30); You've Got All of Me by Clout (#32); and Dansa (Don't Quit Dancing) by Massada (#33).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 MacArthur Park--Donna Summer
2 Hot Child in the City--Nick Gilder
3 Kiss You All Over--Exile
4 You Needed Me--Anne Murray
5 Double Vision--Foreigner
6 How Much I Feel--Ambrosia
7 Beast of Burden--The Rolling Stones
8 Whenever I Call You "Friend"--Kenny Loggins
9 Ready to Take a Chance Again--Barry Manilow
10 You Never Done it Like That--Captain & Tennille

Singles entering the chart were Ooh Baby Baby by Linda Ronstadt (#68); Bicycle Race/Fat Bottomed Girls by Queen (#75); Every 1's a Winner by Hot Chocolate (#82); A Man I'll Never Be by Boston (#85); Fire by the Pointer Sisters (#86); Mary Jane by Rick James (#87); Your Sweetness is My Weakness by Barry White (#89); Whatever Happened to Benny Santini? by Chris Rea (#90); and Don't Cry Out Loud by Melissa Manchester (#98).

Football
CFL
Eastern Semi-Final
Hamilton 20 @ Montreal 35

David Green rushed for 3 touchdowns while quarterback Joe Barnes rushed 19 yards for a TD and passed to Bob Gaddis for another as the Alouettes cruised to an easy win over the Tiger-Cats before 37,017 fans at Olympic Stadium. The game was more lopsided than the score indicated; the first Hamilton touchdown came on a CFL playoff record 102-yard fumble return by rookie linebacker Ben Zambiasi. Hamilton backup quarterback Roy Henry mopped up with a couple of touchdown drives, and threw his only CFL touchdown pass to Leif Pettersen in the last minute. For Mr. Pettersen, it was his only touchdown of the season. It was the only CFL game for Montreal defensive lineman Will Wynn.

25 years ago
1983


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Karma Chameleon--Culture Club (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Come Back and Stay--Paul Young

Diplomacy
U.S. President Ronald Reagan met separately in Tokyo with Japanese Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone and Emperor Hirohito. Addressing the Japanese Diet, Mr. Reagan declared his opposition to protectionism, but warned that the U.S. Congress might shift toward protectionism if America's trading partners did the same. He also said, "A nuclear war can never be won and must never be fought."

Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau concluded five days of visits to six European capitals as part of his "peace initiative."

The week-long session of the Lebanese national reconciliation talks concluded in Geneva amid signs of progress. Delegates said that the factions had discussed a formula for increasing representation in government for the nation's Muslim majority.

The U.S.S.R. told Syria that factional fighting within the Palestine Liberation Organization must be ended. PLO leader Yasser Arafat said he would not abandon Tripoli, Lebanon without guarantees of safety for his supporters.

20 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Don't Worry Be Happy--Bobby McFerrin (2nd week at #1)

Politics and government
In an attempt to form a governing majority coalition, Israeli Prime Minister and Likud party leader Yitzhak Shamir promised leaders of religious parties that he would support their "Who is a Jew" amendment to Israel's Law of Return. The religious leaders wanted to stipulate that people converted to Judaism by Reform or Conservative (rather than Orthodox) rabbis would not be considered Jews and would therefore not automatically become eligible for citizenship.

10 years ago
1998


At the movies
This blogger, with enjoyable female company, attended a preview screening of Meet Joe Black, produced and directed by Martin Brest, and starring Brad Pitt, Anthony Hopkins, and Claire Forlani. It went into general release two days later.

Died on this date
Frank Brimsek, 83
. U.S. hockey goaltender. Mr. Brimsek, nicknamed "Mr. Zero," was a native of Eveleth, Minnesota, and became the first great American goalie, playing with the Boston Bruins (1938-43, 1945-49) and Chicago Black Hawks (1949-50), compiling a record of 252-182-80 with a goals against average of 2.70 and 40 shutouts in 514 regular season games, and 32-36 with a GAA of 2.54 with 2 shutouts in 68 games. He had six shutouts in his first seven games, setting an NHL record with a shutout streak of 231 minutes 54 seconds to earn his nickname. Mr. Brimsek won the Calder Memorial Trophy as the National Hockey League's top rookie in 1939, and backstopped the Bruins to Stanley Cup championships in 1939 and 1941. He was a First Team All-Star in 1938-39 and 1941-42, and made the Second Team in six other seasons. Mr. Brimsek was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1966.

Diplomacy
The Israeli cabinet narrowly ratified a land-for-peace agreement with the Palestinians.

November 10, 2008

525 years ago
1483


Born on this date
Martin Luther
. German theologian. Fr. Luther was ordained a Roman Catholic priest in 1507, but eventually rejected many of the teachings and practices of the Roman Catholic Church, especially the selling of indulgences. He published his views in his Ninety-Five Theses (1517); when he refused to recant his teachings before the Diet of Worms (1521), he was excommunicated from the Roman Catholic Church by Pope Leo X and regarded as an outlaw by Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. Later in the 1520s, Fr. Luther organized what became the Lutheran Church, and became the leader of the Protestant Reformation, translating the Bible into the German vernacular and writing numerous hymns. His later years were marked by various health problems, which may have influenced his writings, the most notorious of which, On the Jews and Their Lies (1543), has been repudiated by modern Lutherans. Fr. Lutheran died of a stroke on February 18, 1546 at the age of 62, three days after delivering his last sermon, which was a polemic against Jews.

200 years ago
1808


Died on this date
Guy Carleton, 1st Baron Dorchester, 84
. Governor General of British North America, 1786-1796. As Governor of Quebec from 1768-1778, Lord Dorchester led the British defense of Quebec during the American War of Independence, freeing slaves who joined the British forces, and overseeing the evacuation of Loyalists from New York. He was appointed Governor General of British North America in 1786, but his authority was mainly effective only in Quebec. Lord Dorchester returned to England in 1796; many places in Canada are named Carleton or Dorchester in his honour.

170 years ago
1838


War
Governor General Sir John Colborne arrived at Napierville, Lower Canada with 8,000 soldiers to meet the rebellion of the Frères chasseurs (Hunters Lodges).

140 years ago
1868


Economics and finance
The Saint John-based Commercial Bank of New Brunswick failed.

120 years ago
1888


Football
ORFU
Final
Hamilton 1 @ Ottawa College 10

110 years ago
1898


Diplomacy
A trilateral High Commission meeting in Washington failed to settle the Alaska Boundary Question.

World events
A mob of 2,000 white supremacists seized power in Wilmington, North Carolina, overthrowing the city's Fusionist government in the only instance of a municipal coup d'état in United States history. The number of Negroes killed was estimated at 60-300.

100 years ago
1908


Born on this date
Charles Merritt
. Canadian military officer and politician. Lieutenant Colonel Merritt, a native of Vancouver, commanded the Canadian Army's South Saskatchewan Regiment in the August 19, 1942 raid on Dieppe, and was captured, but not before displaying courage that earned him the Victoria Cross. Lt. Col. Merritt spent the rest of the war as a prisoner; upon returning to Canada, he entered politics, and, as a Progressive Conservative, represented Vancouver-Burrard in the Canadian House of Commons from 1945-1949. Mr. Merritt then practiced law, and died in Vancouver on July 12, 2000 at the age of 91.

Religion
The Gideons International, an organization founded by Christian laymen in 1899, placed their first Bible in a room at the Superior Hotel in Iron Mountain, Montana.

90 years ago
1918


War
The Western Union Cable Office in North Sydney, Nova Scotia received a top-secret coded message from Europe (that would be sent to Ottawa and Washington, D.C.) saying that on November 11, 1918, all fighting would cease on land, sea and in the air.

World events
The day after abdicating the throne, Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany departed into exile in the Netherlands. He was forced to wear civilian clothes, and suffered the indignity of having to produce the proper documents before he was allowed to cross the border.

80 years ago
1928


Japanica
Emperor Hirohito and Empress Nagako were enthroned at the Shunykoden (permanent throne hall) in the Imperial Palace in Kyoto in a ceremony broadcast nationwide on radio. Prime Minister Giichi Tanaka led the assemblage in three "banzais"--cheers for 10,000 years.

Football
IRFU
Montreal (3-3) 8 @ Toronto (1-4-1) 1
Ottawa (1-4-1) 1 @ Hamilton (6-0) 34

Beano Wright drop-kicked a 30-yard field goal in the 3rd quarter and Mr. Bennett scored a touchdown in the 4th quarter as the Winged Wheelers defeated the Argonauts at Varsity Stadium. Frank Turville punted for a single in the 1st quarter to give Toronto a 1-0 lead.

Pep Leadley kicked 3 field goals for the Tigers in their rout of the Senators at the Hamilton Amateur Athletic Association Grounds. It was the last game played by the Ottawa team as the Senators, as they reverted to their previous name of Rough Riders in 1929. The game began a 25-game losing streak for Ottawa; they didn't win again until the season opener in 1933.

WCRFU-ARU
Exhibition
Regina 32 @ Calgary 0

The Roughriders scored 5 touchdowns, with Mr. Erskine adding 3 converts, as they routed the Tigers at Hillhurst Park.

Canadian university
Toronto 9 @ McGill 14

A record crowd of 15, 480 fans at Molson Stadium saw McGill defeat U of T to clinch the championship.

WCIRU
Alberta (3-0) 12 @ Saskatchewan (1-3) 6

Mickey Timothy rushed 60 yards for a touchdown in the 1st quarter, and Freddie Hess rushed 20 yards for a touchdown after faking a kick late in the 3rd quarter to help the U of A defeat the U of S at Cairns Field in Saskatoon to clinch the Hardy Cup championship. Mr. Hess punted for a single for the only point of the 4th quarter. Mr. Riches scored the only Saskatchewan touchdown late in the 2nd quarter when he intercepted a lateral pass from Mr. Hess intended for Mr. Hill.

NCAA
Notre Dame 12 Army 6 @ Yankee Stadium, New York

Johnny Niemiec completed a 32-yard touchdown pass to Johnny O'Brien in the 4th quarter to break a 6-6 tie as the Fighting Irish overcame a 6-0 3rd-quarter deficit to defeat the Cadets before 85,000 fans. Mr. O'Brien's touchdown was his only play of the game, which ended with Army in possession of the ball on the Notre Dame 1-yard line. With the score tied 0-0 at halftime, Notre Dame coach Knute Rockne urged the team to win the game in memory of halfback George Gipp, who had died of pneumonia eight years earlier, and who, on his deathbed, had asked coach Rockne to one day ask the team to win one for the "Gipper."

70 years ago
1938


Died on this date
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, 57
. Prime Minister of Turkey, 1920-1921; 1st President of Turkey, 1923-1938. Mr. Kemal, born Ali Rıza oğlu Mustafa, came to prominence as a field marshal in World War I, helping to defeat Allied forces in the Battle of Gallipoli in 1915. After the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire following the war, Mr. Kemal led the Turkish National Movement, which succeeded in defeating Allied armies in the Turkish War of Independence and establishing a secular republic. His government initiated reforms in numerous areas of Turkish society, and he was granted the surname Atatürk--"Father of the Turks"--by the Turkish Parliament in 1934. Mr. Atatürk died of cirrhosis of the liver while still in office, and was succeeded as President by İsmet İnönü.

Music
Kate Smith first sang Irving Berlin's song God Bless America on U.S. network radio.

60 years ago
1948


World events
The Chinese Nationalist government placed Nanking and Shanghai under martial law as Communist forces threatened the nearby rail junction of Suchow.

German authorities arrested Hjalmar Schacht near Hamburg for retrial on charges of collaborating with the Nazi government, after an appeals court reversed his earlier acquittal.

Politics and government
Democratic Party leaders in the U.S. House of Representatives announced plans to kill the House Un-American Activities Committee and supplant it with a Committee on Civil Liberties.

Economics and finance
U.S. and U.K. military governors in Germany issued a decree giving control over Ruhr heavy industry to a German board of trustees pending election of a German government able to determine
ultimate ownership of the area's industry. France immediately protested renewed German authority in the Ruhr.

The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission authorized a stock issue permit for the Israel Corporation of America, formed in New York to raise money for housing construction in Israel.

Labour
New York dockworkers refused to ratify a contract negotiated by the International Longshoremen's Association, and began an unauthorized walkout.

50 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): It's Only Make Believe--Conway Twitty

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 Tom Dooley--The Kingston Trio (3rd week at #1)
2 Topsy II--Cozy Cole
3 It's All in the Game--Tommy Edwards
4 Queen of the Hop--Bobby Darin
5 I Got Stung/One Night--Elvis Presley
6 The End--Earl Grant
7 The Day the Rains Came--Jane Morgan
--Raymond Lefevre and his Orchestra
8 Mexican Hat Rock--The Applejacks
9 To Know Him is to Love Him--The Teddy Bears
10 I Got a Feeling/Lonesome Town--Ricky Nelson

Singles entering the chart were Problems by the Everly Brothers (#39); Bimbombey by Jimmie Rodgers (#45); I Want to Be Happy Cha Cha by the Tommy Dorsey Orchestra starring Warren Covington (#46); Come Prima, with versions by Polly Bergen, and Marino Marini (#52); Goodnight by the Elegants (#57); A House, a Car and a Wedding Ring, with versions by Dale Hawkins, and Mike Preston (#58); Whole Lotta Lovin' by Fats Domino (#59); and Gotta Travel On by Billy Grammer (#60).

Space
The U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration sought bids for the construction of a space capsule that would be capable of sustaining a man for up to 28 hours.

World events
A Baghdad military tribunal condemned to death former Iraqi Prime Minister Fahdil al-Jamali and two former military leaders for alleged conspiracy to organize a Western-backed coup in Iraq.

U.K. authorities in Cyprus barred 4,000 Greek Cypriot employees from British military bases following the killing of two Royal Air Force men in a canteen bombing at Nicosia airport.

The 1958 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Rev. Dominique Pire of Belgium, a Dominican Roman Catholic priest who founded the charitable organization Aid to Displaced Persons.

Education
The U.S. Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals ordered the Little Rock School Board to take affirmative steps to integrate the city's high schools under a long-delayed court-approved plan.

Popular culture
New York jeweller Harry Winston donated the Hope Diamond, valued at $1.5 million, to the Smithsonian Institution in Washington.

Sport
Donald Campbell set a world water speed record of 248.62 miles per hour in his jet-propelled Bluebird K7 at Coniston Water, England.

50 years ago
1968


Space
The U.S.S.R. launched the lunar flyby probe Zond 6 from Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.

Disasters
13 people were killed and 57 injured in the explosion of a fuel tank in Illiolo, Philippines.

14 people were killed when a bus plunged into a river near Sotik, Kenya.

Boxing
Chartchai Chionoi (48-11-2) retained his World Boxing Council world flyweight title with a 15-round unanimous decision over Bernabe Villacampo (20-8-3) at Carusathiars Stadium in Bangkok.

Football
CFL
Western Semi-Final
Edmonton 13 @ Calgary 29

Dave Cranmer rushed 19 times for 127 yards and a touchdown to help the Stampeders defeat the Eskimos before 23,380 fans at McMahon Stadium. The only Edmonton touchdown came on a 63-yard pass from Frank Cosentino to Randy Kerbow, whose final game this was. Peter Kempf, also in his final game that counted, converted and added 2 field goals. Mr. Cosentino, who was working on his Master's thesis in history at the University of Alberta, was traded to the Toronto Argonauts in the off-season. His thesis was published in 1969 as a book titled Canadian Football: The Grey Cup Years. For the Eskimos, it was the third straight season in which they'd lost the semi-final.

30 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): You're the Greatest Lover--Luv'

#1 single in France (IFOP): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (9th week at #1)

Football
CIAU
Western Bowl @ Empire Stadium, Vancouver
Wilfrid Laurier 16 @ British Columbia 25

Gord Penn rushed for 145 yards and a touchdown, and John Mackay rushed for another 78 yards, while Dan Smith completed 15 of 22 passes for 159 yards and a touchdown to Chris Davies to help the Thunderbirds come back from a 15-10 halftime deficit to defeat the Golden Hawks before 5,000 fans. Dave Negrin rushed 1 yard for the other UBC touchdown. Bernie Pickett scored the first Wilfrid Laurier touchdown when he recovered an opposition fumble in the B.C. end zone, and Jim Reid rushed 1 yard for the other WLU TD.

20 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Love, Truth and Honesty--Bananarama

Politics and government
U.S.S.R. leaders said they would take new initiatives to broaden autonomy at the regional level.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Labor Department reported that prices charged by producers for finished goods had held steady in October.

10 years ago
1998


Died on this date
Hal Newhouser, 77
. U.S. baseball pitcher. "Prince Hal" played with the Detroit Tigers (1939-1953) and Cleveland Indians (1954-1955), compiling a record of 207-150 with an earned run average of 3.06 in 488 games. He led the American League in wins four times, in earned run average twice, and in strikeouts twice, and was named the AL's Most Valuable Player in 1944 and 1945. Mr. Newhouser helpd the Tigers win the AL pennant in 1940 and was 2-1 in the 1945 World Series, which the Tigers won in seven games over the Chicago Cubs. He was a relief pitcher with the Indians when they won the AL pennant in 1954, and pitched in one game of their four-game loss to the New York Giants. Mr. Newhouser batted .201 with 2 home runs and 81 runs batted in in 492 games. He scouted for several major league teams for many years, was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1992, and died of emphysema and heart problems.

Mary Millar, 62. U.K. actress. Miss Millar, whose real name was Irene Mary Wetton, was best known for playing Rose in the television comedy series Keeping Up Appearances (1991-1995). She died of ovarian cancer.