Monday, 29 April 2019

April 27, 2019

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Rod Crossley!

510 years ago
1509


Religion
As he entered the War of the League of Cambrai, aiming to recover papal control of the Romagna, where Venice had seized several cities in 1503, Pope Julius II placed the Italian state of Venice under interdict.

480 years ago
1539


South Americana
Nikolaus Federmann and Sebastián de Belalcázar re-founded the city of Bogotá, New Granada (now Colombia).

125 years ago
1894


Born on this date
Nicolas Slonimsky
. Russian-born U.S. musician, composer, and lexicographer. Mr. Slonimsky was a concert pianist who fled Russia after the Bolshevik Revolution, settling in the United States in 1923. He wrote chamber and piano works, but was best known for his writings, which included Thesaurus of Scales and Melodic Patterns (1947) and Lexicon of Musical Invective (1953). Mr. Slonimsky died on December 25, 1995 at the age of 91.

110 years ago
1909


World events
Both houses of parliament of the Ottoman Empire convened and deposed Sultan Abdul Hamid II, replacing him with his younger brother Mehmed V.

90 years ago
1929


Soccer
English FA Cup
Final @ Wembley Stadium, London
Bolton Wanderers 2 Portsmouth 0



75 years ago
1944


War
Allied operations ended on Hollandia, Dutch New Guinea, as two Allied columns joined forces. U.S. planes made morning and afternoon raids on railyards and airfields in France. U.S. Army General Douglas MacArthur and U.S. Navy Admiral Chester Nimitz announced the completion of talks on integrating operations against Japanese forces.

Diplomacy
New York Governor and candidate for the 1944 Republican Party nomination for President of the United States Thomas Dewey advocated solid relationships with the U.K., U.S.S.R., and China in the postwar period.

Politics and government
The Nicaraguan Congress approved a constitutional revision to permit the president to run for re-election in 1946.

Journalism
The federal commissioner in the Argentine province of Entre Rios warned newspapers in his jurisdiction that they would be closed if they editorially discussed such subjects as freedom.

Economics and finance
A special U.S. Senate subcommittee studying wages of white collar workers reported that 20 million were receiving substandard pay.

Labour
The International Labour Organization received a request from the Italian government for readmission, seven years after Italy had quit the ILO.

Baseball
Jim Tobin pitched the major leagues' first no-hitter in three years, leading the Boston Braves to a 2-0 win over the Brooklyn Dodgers before 2,034 fans at Braves Field. Mr. Tobin provided the insurance run by leading off the bottom of the 8th inning with a home run off Fritz Ostermueller, who allowed 5 hits and 2 earned runs in pitching a complete game.

Stan Musial drew a base on balls to lead off the top of the 9th inning and pinch hitter Walker followed with a double to drive him home, breaking a 2-2 tie as the St. Louis Cardinals edged the Cincinnati Reds 3-2 before 1,357 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati.

The St. Louis Browns scored all their runs in the first 2 innings and Nelson Potter pitched a 7-hit complete game victory as the Browns beat the Cleveland Indians 5-1 before 1,106 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis to improve their 1944 record to 8-0. Jim Devlin played his only major league game, catching the first 3 innings for Cleveland; he grounded out in his only plate appearance, making a putout, throwing out a runner trying to steal second base, and allowing a passed ball.

Bob Swift doubled home Don Ross and Jimmy Outlaw with 2 out in the top of the 12th inning to break a 0-0 tie as the Detroit Tigers shut out the Chicago White Sox 2-0 before 2,189 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Hal Newhouser allowed just 4 hits in going the distance for the shutout, while losing pitcher Thornton Lee also pitched a complete game, allowing 9 hits and 2 earned runs.

70 years ago
1949


At the movies
We Were Strangers, directed by John Huston, and starring Jennifer Jones, John Garfield, Pedro Armendáriz, and Gilbert Roland, opened in theatres.

Died on this date
Frederic Walcott, 80
. U.S. politician. Mr. Walcott, a Republican, was a member of the Connecticut State Senate from 1925-1929 and represented Connecticut in the United States Senate from 1929-1935, where he was the principal author of the bill creating the Reconstruction Finance Corporation.

Literature
George Howe received the largest literary award in the United States--the $15,000 Christophers Prize--for his forthcoming novel Call it Treason.

War
The United Nations Palestine Conciliation Commission opened a general peace settlement conference in Lausanne, Switzerland, attended by Israel, Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, and Jordan.

Diplomacy
In response to the treatment of Lorenzo Gamboa under the White Australia policy, the Philippine House of Representatives passed legislation banning Australians from the country.

Politics and government
U.S. Attorney General Tom Clark added 37 organizations to the Justice Department's subversive list, including the Association of Georgia Klans and the Industrial Workers of the World.

60 years ago
1959


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Mariquilla--José Luís y su Guitarra (11th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Come Softly to Me--The Fleetwoods (3rd week at #1)
2 (Now and Then There's) A Fool Such as I--Elvis Presley
3 Venus--Frankie Avalon
4 Pink Shoe Laces--Dodie Stevens
5 Guitar Boogie Shuffle--The Virtues
6 The Happy Organ--Dave "Baby" Cortez
7 I Need Your Love Tonight--Elvis Presley
8 Tell Him No--Travis and Bob
9 Sorry (I Ran All the Way Home)--The Impalas
10 Turn Me Loose--Fabian

Singles entering the chart were Personality by Lloyd Price and his Orchestra (#65); There's No Fool Like a Young Fool by Tab Hunter (#76); Frankie's Man, Johnny by Johnny Cash (#77); Castin' My Spell by the Johnny Otis Show (#80); Robbin' the Cradle by Tony Bellus (#87); Crossfire by Johnny and the Hurricanes (#88); Gidget by Jimmy Darren (#89); The Battle of New Orleans by Johnny Horton (#93); Your Cheatin' Heart by Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra (#95); A String of Trumpets by the Trumpeteers (#96); and Summer Dreams by the McGuire Sisters (#99). Gidget was the title song of the movie, in which Mr. Darren co-starred.

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 (Now and Then There's) A Fool Such as I/I Need Your Love Tonight--Elvis Presley (4th week at #1)
2 Guitar Boogie Shuffle--The Virtues
3 Three Stars--Tommy Dee with Carol Kay and the Teen-Aires
4 The Tijuana Jail--The Kingston Trio
5 Tell Him No--Travis and Bob
6 It's Late/Never Be Anyone Else But You--Ricky Nelson
7 The Happy Organ--Dave "Baby" Cortez
6 Venus--Frankie Avalon
8 Come Softly to Me--The Fleetwoods
9 Sorry (I Ran All the Way Home)--The Impalas
10 Pink Shoe Laces--Dodie Stevens

Singles entering the chart were So Fine by the Fiestas (#29); I've Come of Age by Billy Storm (#43); Lonely for You by Gary Stites (#47); I Waited Too Long by LaVern Baker (#50); I Need Your Lovin' by Roy Hamilton (#57); The Beat by the Rockin' R's (#58); and Only Love Me by Steve Lawrence (#60).

War
The French cabinet issued a declaration claiming substantial progress toward the pacification of Algeria within the past year.

The U.S. State Department said that small arms from stocks maintained in the Canal Zone would be given to Panama to repel guerrilla invaders.

Diplomacy
U.K. Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery flew to Moscow for private talks with U.S.S.R. Premier Nikita Khrushchev.

Politics and government
The National People's Congress in Peking (Beijing) elected Liu Shao-chi, a leading Communist theoretician and organizer, to succeed Mao Tse-tung (Meo Zedong) as President of the People's Republic of China.

U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower vetoed a bill ending the Agriculture Secretary's control of Rural Electrification Administrtion loans.

Law
The Arkansas Supreme Court upheld the state law under which Governor Orval Faubus had closed public schools to prevent racial integration.

50 years ago
1969


Died on this date
Rene Barrientos Ortuno, 49
. President of Bolivia, 1964-1969. General Barrientos, who took power in a military coup in 1964 and won an election two years later, was killed in a helicopter crash near Arque, Bolivia; he was succeeded by Vice President Luis Adolfo Siles Salinas.

Politics and government
Voters in France, in a referendum, rejected President Charles de Gaulle's proposals for constitutional changes by a margin of 52.40% to 47.69%. The referendum, the fifth in the Fifth Republic, had started as a simple device to vote on the constitutional changes needed to carry out Mr. de Gaulle's plans for decentralizing the country's administration, and redistricting France's 95 departments into 21 economic regions. Mr. de Gaulle added proposals to downgrade the power of the Senate, and to make his Prime Minister, rather than the Senate President, his interim successor. Mr. de Gaulle decided to make the referendum a test of confidence in his leadership, and had threatened to resign if his proposals were defeated.

Labour
Safety critic Ralph Nader attacked the leadership of the United Mine Workers of America and the union's $180 million welfare and retirement fund for what he called corruption, nepotism, and "conspiracy" with the coal industry. The leadership called Mr. Nader a "fink."

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
St. Louis 1 @ Montreal 3 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Dick Duff scored a powerplay goal 3:39 into the game and Bobby Rousseau scored shorthanded just 48 seconds later to give the Canadiens a 2-0 lead as they held on to defeat the Blues at the Montreal Forum.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Los Angeles 105 @ Boston 111 (Los Angeles led best-of-seven series 2-1)

John Havlicek scored 34 points to help the Celtics defeat the Lakers at Boston Garden.

40 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Y.M.C.A.--Village People (12th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Dschinghis Khan--Dschinghis Khan (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Born to Be Alive--Patrick Hernandez (9th week at #1)

Diplomacy
The U.S.S.R. freed five prominent dissidents in exchange for two spies held by the United States. Aleksandr Ginsburg, Valentin Moroz, Eduard Kuznetsov, Mark Dymshits, and Georgi Vins were then flown to New York.

Energy
The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission ordered the temporary closing of all operating reactors designed by Babcock & Wilcox, manufacturers of the Three Mile Island nuclear plant. The ruling allowed two plants in the southeast to remain in operation to forestall widespread power shortages.

Hockey
WHA
Avco World Trophy
Semi-Finals
Quebec 5 @ Winnipeg 9 (Winnipeg led best-of-seven series 3-0)
New England 5 @ Edmonton 9 (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 2-0)

IIHF Men's World Championships
Canada 6 Sweden 3

30 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Finnish Singles Chart): Like a Prayer--Madonna (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Eternal Flame--Bangles (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Kōnosuke Matsushita, 94
. Japanese industrialist. Mr. Matsushita, nicknamed the "god of management" in Japan, founded the company that became the electronics firm Panasonic in 1918.

Protest
The April 27 demonstrations, student-led protests responding to the April 26 Editorial, took place in major cities throughout China.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Philadelphia 6 Pittsburgh 3

25 years ago
1994


Died on this date
Timothy Spencer, 32
. U.S. criminal. Mr. Spencer was convicted in 1988 of raping and strangling four women in Virginia in 1987. The prosecution had no confession, fingerprints, or witnesses, but DNA tests had linked semen at the crime scene with Mr. Spencer's blood. Mr. Spencer was executed in the Greensville Correctional Center, south of Richmond, Virginia, becoming the first criminal to be executed on the basis of a conviction obtained through DNA-matching technology.

War
New fighting flared up between Hutus and Tutsis in Rwanda.

Politics and government
Voting continued in the first general-suffrage election in South Africa, and African National Congress Leader and presidential candidate Nelson Mandela cast his first vote ever. The country's Interim Constitution came into force.

Terrorism
Four days of bombings related to the elections in South Africa concluded, with 21 people killed. 31 people linked to white separatist groups were arrested for the attacks.

Americana
Former U.S. President Richard Nixon was buried next to his wife Pat on the grounds of the Richard Nixon Library and Birthplace in Yorba Linda, California. President Bill Clinton, who spoke at the funeral, declared a day of mourning. Former Presidents Gerald Ford, Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan, and George Bush were also in attendance.



Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
New Jersey 0 @ Buffalo 1 (4 OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

Dave Hannan scored for the Sabres in the 4th overtime period as they edged the Devils to send the series to a seventh game. It was the NHL's first quadruple-overtime game since April 18, 1987.



Baseball
Scott Erickson pitched a no-hitter for the Minnesota Twins as they shut out the Milwaukee Brewers 6-0 before 17,988 fans at Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis. Minnesota right fielder Kirby Puckett batted 4 for 5 with 2 doubles and a run batted in.



Darrin Jackson doubles home 2 runs with 2 out in the top of the 12th to break a 5-5 tie, but Manny Ramirez hit a 2-run home run with 1 out in the bottom of the 12th to tie the score, and Mark Lewis doubled home Matt Merullo with the winning run as the Cleveland Indians edged the Chicago White Sox 8-7 before 32,467 fans at Jacobs Field in Cleveland, with 2 of the last 3 Cleveland runs being unearned as a result of 2 Chicago errors.

The Texas Rangers scored 10 runs in the first 4 innings en route to an 11-3 win over the Toronto Blue Jays before 38,055 fans at the Ballpark in Arlington. Every man in the Texas starting lineup had at least one hit.

The New York Yankees scored 5 runs in each of the 3rd and 5th innings as they routed the Seattle Mariners 12-2 before 22,697 fans at the Kingdome in Seattle. Jim Leyritz climaxed the 5th with a grand slam off Bobby Thigpen, who allowed 4 hits, 2 bases on balls, and 3 runs--all earned--in 2 1/3 innings of relief in the 448th and last game of his 9-year major league career. Robert Eenhorn made his major league debut with the Yankees, popping out as a pinch hitter in the 6th inning and remaining in the game at shortstop, starting a double play to end the 6th inning, then leading off the 9th with a double and scoring.

Frank Viola and two relief pitchers combined to pitch a 2-hitter for the Boston Red Sox as they edged the Oakland Athletics 1-0 before 15,250 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. The only run came in the 3rd inning when Scott Cooper led off with a single and eventually scored on a ground out by Billy Hatcher with the bases loaded. Losing pitcher Ron Darling allowed just 5 hits and 1 earned run in pitching a complete game.

The Baltimore Orioles scored 11 runs in the last 4 innings to rout the California Angels 13-1 before 20,569 fans at Anaheim Stadium. Cal Ripken, Jr. led the Baltimore attack, batting 4 for 5 with a home run, double, 3 runs, and 5 runs batted in. Ben McDonald pitched a 7-hit complete game victory to improve his 1994 record to 5-0.

Kevin McReynolds led off the bottom of the 15th inning with a single and beat first baseman Phil Clark's throw to home plate on a ground ball by Fernando Vina with 2 out to score the winning run as the New York Mets edged the San Diego Padres 3-2 before 14,663 fans at Shea Stadium in New York.

Cory Snyder singled home Henry Rodriguez with 1 out in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the Los Angeles Dodgers a 5-4 win over the Philadelphia Phillies before 30,065 fans at Dodger Stadium. Mr. Snyder batted 3 for 3 with a sacrifice, sacrifice fly, and 3 runs batted in.

20 years ago
1999


Died on this date
Al Hirt, 76
. U.S. musician. Mr. Hirt, a New Orleans Dixieland trumpeter, was known for his 1964 hit singles Java and Cotton Candy. This blogger saw him perform on one of the stages at the Klondike Days Sunday promenade in Edmonton many years later.

Dale C. Thomson, 75. Canadian political scientist and historian. Dr. Thomson, who was born on a farm near Westlock, Alberta, taught at the Université de Montréal (1960-1969); Johns Hopkins University (1969-1973); and McGill University (1973-1994), specializing in international relations and Canadian politics. He was associate private secretary to Canadian Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent in the 950s, and was an unsuccessful Liberal Party candidate for the Alberta riding of Jasper-Edson in the 1958 federal election. Dr. Thomson's books included Alexander Mackenzie: Clear Grit (1960) and Louis St. Laurent, Canadian (1967).

War
U.S. General Wesley Clark, commander of NATO forces in Yugoslavia, estimated that Serbia had driven 700,000 refugees out of Kosovo since the beginning of bombing on April 3. U.S. President Bill Clinton ordered the call-up of 33,102 reservists to assist the mission in Yugoslavia.

Crime
U.S. President Bill Clinton submitted several gun-control bills to Congress, one week after the murderous shooting spree at Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado. The bills mandated background checks for those wanting to buy explosives or to buy weapons at gun shows. Mr. Clinton also proposed raising from 18 to 21 the minimum age at which someone could own a handgun.

Authorities put the total number of bombs found around the school and at Columbine killer Eric Harris's home at 51.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Dallas 3 @ Edmonton 2 (3 OT) (Dallas led best-of-seven series 3-0)

10 years ago
2009


Died on this date
Danny Morejón, 78
. Cuban-born baseball player. Mr. Morejon was a third baseman and left fielder who played 12 games with the Cincinnati Redlegs in 1958, batting .192 with no home runs and 1 run batted in. He played 1,903 games in 19 seasons in the minor leagues from 1954-1972, mainly in the International League (1954, 1956-1963) and Mexican League (1964-1972). Mr. Morejón was the hero of the 1959 Junior World Series, when he singled in the tying and winning runs in the fourth game and the winning run in the bottom of the 9th inning of the seventh game as the Havana Sugar Kings defeated the Minneapolis Millers 4 games to 3 to win their only Junior World Series championship. Like many Cubans, Mr. Morejón fled the country after Fidel Castro came to power, and eventually settled in Miami, where he managed and maintained the baseball fields at Tropical Park.

Feroz Khan, 69. Indian actor. Mr. Khan appeared in more than 50 movies, and was one of Bollywood's most popular leading men from the 1960s and '70s, producing and directing eight of his films. He won a Filmfare Award for his supporting performance in Aadmi Aur Insaan (1969), was nominated for performances in three other films, and was honoured with a Lifetime Achievement award in 2000. Mr. Khan died of lung cancer.

Saturday, 27 April 2019

April 26, 2019

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Lynn Weiss!

1,520 years ago
499


Died on this date
Xiaowen, 31
. Emperor of Northern Wei, 471-499. Xiaowen, born Tuoba Hong, was only 13 years younger than his father Emperor Xianwen, who abdicated in 471 and handed the throne to his 4-year-old son, while the actual power was wielded by Grand Empress Dowager Feng, who died in 490. Emperor Xiaowen pursued a policy of sinicization that caused problems and led to plots against him, which he succeeded in suppressing. Emperor Xiaowen died after two years of declining health, and was succeeded on the throne by his son Xuanwu.

700 years ago
1319


Born on this date
Jean II
. King of France, 1350-1364. Jean II, nicknamed "John the Good," was a monarch of the House of Valois, who was captured by the English during the Battle of Poitiers in 1356 and was held prisoner in London until 1360, when he was freed in an exchange of hostages, who included his son Louis. When Louis escaped in 1363, Jean thought the action dishonourable, and voluntarily returned to England, where he soon took ill and died on April 8, 1364, 18 days before his 45th birthday.

225 years ago
1794


War
British and Austrian forces commanded by the Duke of York defeated French forces commanded by René-Bernard Chapuy in the Battle of Beaumont in France.

200 years ago
1819


Canadiana
Upper Canada established the Negro settlement of Oro Township, northeast of Barrie, for Negro loyalists, former slaves, and War of 1812 veterans of Captain Runchey's Company for Coloured Men, which had fought at Stoney Creek, Queenston Heights, Lundy's Lane and St. Davids.

Americana
The Independent Order of Odd Fellows, which later became one of the worlds largest fraternal orders, was founded in Baltimore by Thomas Wildey and four other men.

150 years ago
1869


Economics and finance
William Mulock and three partners decided to apply for a charter for the Dominion Bank; it was issued later that year, and provided for an authorized capital of $1 million, with $400,000 to be paid up. Business began on February 1, 1871, in temporary premises above a paint store, at 40 King Street East in Toronto.

130 years ago
1889


Born on this date
Ludwig Wittgenstein
. Austro-Hungarian-born U.K. philosopher. Dr. Wittgenstein worked primarily in logic, and the philosophies of mathematics, mind, and language. He was a a contemporary of Bertrand Russell and Karl Popper, and taught at the University of Cambridge from 1939-1947. Dr. Wittgenstein died on April 29, 1951, three days after his 62nd birthday. His book Philosophical Investigations, considered a classic in the field, was published in 1953.

125 years ago
1894


Born on this date
Rudolf Hess
. German politician. Mr. Hess was Adolf Hitler's deputy in the Nazi regime in the 1930s and early 1940s. He was captured in Scotland in 1941 after flying solo on an apparent attempt at a peace mission. Tried at Nuremberg after World War II, he was sentenced to life in Spandau Prison in Berlin. The Soviets always refused permission for Mr. Hess to be released, and he was the prison's only inmate for the last 30 years of his life, which ended when he reportedly committed suicide on August 17, 1987 at the age of 93.

120 years ago
1899


Born on this date
Oscar Rabin
. Latvian-born U.K. musician. Mr. Rabin moved to England with his family when he was a child. He was a jazz bass saxophonist who in the 1920s formed and led the Oscar Rabin Band, a British dance band that continued after Mr. Rabin's death on June 20, 1958 at the age of 59.

110 years ago
1909


Born on this date
Marianne Hoppe
. German actress. Miss Hoppe was a leading lady in plays and films in Germany in a career spanning more than 60 years from the 1920s through the 1980s. She died on October 23, 2002 at the age of 93.

Died on this date
Mike "Doc" Powers, 38 or 39
. U.S. baseball player. Dr. Powers, a licensed physician, was a catcher with the Louisville Colonels (1898-1899); Washington Senators (1899); Philadelphia Athletics (1901-1905, 1905-1909); and New York Highlanders (1905), batting .216 with 4 home runs and 199 runs batted in in 647 games. He was injured on April 12, 1909 during the first major league game ever played in Philadelphia's Shibe Park, when he ran into a wall chasing a popup, and suffered an intestinal injury. He was operated on the next day, but failed to recover, and became the first major league player to die from the results of an on-field injury.

Law
Saint John, New Brunswick Magistrate Ritchie ruled that electricity was indeed a commodity. Charles Kerr of the Bijou Moving Picture Theatre was found guilty of stealing electricity by tapping into the Saint John Railway Company.

75 years ago
1944


Died on this date
Violette Morris, 51
. French athlete. Miss Morris excelled at various sports, particularly the shot put and javelin. She won the gold medal in both events at the 1921 Women's World Games; in the 1922 Women's World Games she won another gold medal in the shot put, and the silver medal in the javelin. Miss Morris became a spy for Nazi Germany in 1936, and continued through World War II. She was assassinated in an ambush by French Resistance forces.

War
British planes sank three German convoy ships off Norway. Canadian warships sank a German destroyer off France. German General Heinrich Kreipe was abducted by Allied commandos from occupied Crete. Soviet forces sank five German transport ships off Sevastopol. Chinese and American forces in northern Burma made a six-mile advance through the Mogaung Valley to a point 10 miles from Kamaing.

Diplomacy
Archbishop of York Cyril Garbett defended British policy in India and Palestine, indicating that without previous Hindu-Muslim agreement, independence for India would be meaningless. He said that the 1917 Balfour Declaration mandating Palestine as a Jewish homeland did not intend for all of Palestine to be a Jewish home.

U.S. Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson said that U.S. Army Lieutenant General George Patton's April 15 statement that the U.S.A. and U.K. were destined to rule the world "represents Patton's personal views" and not that of the War Department.

Politics and government
Georgios Papandreou became Prime Minister of the Greek government-in-exile based in Cairo.

Defense
U.S. Army service forces chief Lieutenant General Brehon Somervell said that unity of command of U.S. armed forces should begin now.

Labour
U.S. Army troops took possession of the Chicago plant of Montgomery Ward, which had rejected President Franklin D. Roosevelt's order to recognize a Congress of Industrial Organizations union. Montgomery Ward board chairman Sewell Avery was carried out of his office by U.S. soldiers.

70 years ago
1949


On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: A Night at an Inn, starring Boris Karloff, Anthony Ross, and Jack Manning



War
Chinese Communist forces occupied the rail junction of Soochow in their drive on Shanghai. U.S. and U.K. ships based in the city's harbour left their berths to avoid entrapment by the Communists.

Defense
U.S. Navy Secretary John Sullivan resigned in protest against Defense Secretary Louis Johnson's cancellation of plans to complete the proposed "supercarrier" USS United States.

Asiatica
Transjordan's name was officially changed to Jordan, reflecting incorporation of the Arab areas of central Palestine.

World events
The Council of States in the U.S. zone of Germany passed a law compensating Nazi victims for losses suffered through confiscation of property or expulsion from professions.

Crime
A U.S. federal grand jury in New York investigating subversive activities issued a report charging that current public inquiries were alerting offenders, and recommending secret inquiries and elimination of the statute of limitations for espionage.

Aviation
William Barris and Richard Reidel landed their twin-engine Sunkist Lady in Fullerton, California after setting a world flight endurance record of 1,008 hours, 1 minute, 50 seconds.

Science
Merle Tuve of the Carnegie Institution was awarded the U.S. National Academy of Sciences $3,500 Comstock Prize in Washington for the development of the proximity fuse and work in nuclear physics.

Economics and finance
The Canadian House of Commons passed a bill abolishing the decreasing rate of family allowances from the fifth child; the measure followed the protest of many Canadian families, particularly in Quebec, where they considered themselves disadvantaged by the government's policy of reducing the amount of the allowance from the fifth child.

Labour
The St. Louis-San Francisco Railway and four rail unions announced the cancellation of an agreement to bar Negroes from train crews.

Boxing
Former world middleweight champion Tony Zale, 35, announced his retirement.

60 years ago
1959


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): L'Eau vive--Guy Béart

Space
The U.S.S.R. disclosed plans for development of an Earth observation satellite equipped with optical and television cameras.

World events
The Panamanian government reported the suppression of an attempted guerrilla invasion from Cuba.

Politics and government
Moderates and conservatives, many of them Fourth Republic political leaders, outpolled Gaullist candidates to win control of the first Senate of the French Fifth Republic.

Economics and finance
African National Congress leader Albert Luthuli said in Cape Town that South African blacks would begin a boycott of Afrikaans Nationalist businesses in June.

50 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Where Do You Go To (My Lovely)--Peter Sarstedt (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Crimson and Clover--Tommy James and the Shondells (6th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Le métèque--Georges Moustaki

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Eloise--Barry Ryan (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Liebesleid--Peter Alexander (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Boom Bang-a-Bang--Lulu (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Israelites--Desmond Dekker and the Aces

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Goodbye--Mary Hopkin
2 Why--The Cats
3 5th Symphony Beethoven--Ekseption
4 The Walls Fell Down--The Marbles
5 The Last Seven Days--Gloria
6 Don Juan--Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick and Tich
7 Ensemble--Mireille Mathieu
8 Seasons in the Sun--The Fortunes
9 Get Back--The Beatles featuring Billy Preston
10 River Deep - Mountain High--Ike & Tina Turner

Singles entering the chart were Get Back; Man of the World by Fleetwood Mac (#35); Have My Love by Pepper and Soul (#36); Sweet Cherry Wine by Tommy James and the Shondells (#37); Suzanne by Herman Van Veen (#39); and Dizzy by Tommy Roe (#40).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In (The Flesh Failures)--The 5th Dimension (3rd week at #1)
2 You've Made Me So Very Happy--Blood, Sweat & Tears
3 It's Your Thing--The Isley Brothers
4 Hair--The Cowsills
5 Only the Strong Survive--Jerry Butler
6 Twenty-Five Miles--Edwin Starr
7 Galveston--Glen Campbell
8 Time is Tight--Booker T. & the M.G.'s
9 Dizzy--Tommy Roe
10 Sweet Cherry Wine--Tommy James and the Shondells

Singles entering the chart were Too Busy Thinking About My Baby by Marvin Gaye (#67); Oh Happy Day by the Edwin Hawkins Singers featuring Dorothy Morrison (#72); Day is Done by Peter, Paul and Mary (#83); Heather Honey by Tommy Roe (#87); Love is Just a Four-Letter Word by Joan Baez (#88); Mr. Walker, It's All Over by Billie Jo Spears (#89); I Shall Be Released by the Box Tops (#90); From Both Sides Now by Dion (#91); Greensleeves by Mason Williams (#93); Seven Years by the Impressions (#94); I Can't Say No to You by Betty Everett (#95); I've Been Loving You Too Long by Ike & Tina Turner (#96); Home to You by Earth Opera (#97); and Never Gonna Let Him Know by Debbie Taylor (#98).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In (The Flesh Failures)--The 5th Dimension (4th week at #1)
2 Hair--The Cowsills
3 It's Your Thing--The Isley Brothers
4 You've Made Me So Very Happy--Blood, Sweat & Tears
5 Only the Strong Survive--Jerry Butler
6 Twenty-Five Miles--Edwin Starr
7 Dizzy--Tommy Roe
8 The Boxer--Simon & Garfunkel
9 Gimme Gimme Good Lovin'--Crazy Elephant
10 Hawaii Five-O--The Ventures

Singles entering the chart were Heather Honey by Tommy Roe (#64); Marley Purt Drive by Jose Feliciano (#77); Black Pearl by Sonny Charles & the Checkmates, Ltd. (#82); One by Three Dog Night (#84); I Shall Be Released by the Box Tops (#86); I Don't Want to Hear it Anymore by Dusty Springfield (#87); I Want to Love You Baby by Peggy Scott and Jo Jo Benson (#88); Seven Years by the Impressions (#92); I was a Boy (When You Needed a Man) by Billy Shields (#96); Pretty World by Sergio Mendes & Brasil '66 (#98); Love is Just a Four-Letter Word by Joan Baez (#99); and We Can't Go on This Way by Unchained Mynds (#100).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In (The Flesh Failures)--The 5th Dimension (3rd week at #1)
2 Hair--The Cowsills
3 Sweet Cherry Wine--Tommy James and the Shondells
4 Gimme Gimme Good Lovin'--Crazy Elephant
5 Tricia Tell Your Daddy--Andy Kim
6 Indian Giver--1910 Fruitgum Co.
7 Things I'd Like to Say--The New Colony Six
8 Wishful Sinful--The Doors
9 Dizzy--Tommy Roe
10 Mendocino--Sir Douglas Quintet
Pick hit of the week: The Boxer--Simon & Garfunkel

Died on this date
Morihei Ueshiba, 85
. Japanese martial artist. Mr. Ueshiba founded and developed the martial art known as aikido.

War
The United States Defense Department announced that the battleship New Jersey, which had been diverted to eastern waters after an American reconnaissance plane had been shot down by North Korea over the Sea of Japan on April 15, would be returned to the United States. It was disclosed that the task force had been reduced from 20 ships to one carrier and seven destroyers, and that the other 21 vessels were returning to ports in Japan and the Philippines.

Protest
100 Negro students were jailed in Charleston, South Carolina after they attempted to march down the city's main thoroughfare in support of striking hospital workers. The arrests brought to 200 the total arrested in Charleston, whose streets were patrolled by National Guardsmen and state troopers.

Soccer
English FA Cup
Final @ Wembley Stadium, London
Manchester City 1 Leicester City 0



40 years ago
1979


War
United Nations peace forces arranged a cease-fire between Israelis and Palestinian guerrillas in southern Lebanon, ending four days of intense fighting.

United Nations Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim arrived in Hanoi to aid negotiations for Vietnam-China disengagement.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Boston 2 @ Montreal 4 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 1-0)
New York Rangers 4 @ New York Islanders 1 (Rangers led best-of-seven series 1-0)

WHA
Avco World Trophy
Semi-Finals
New England 2 @ Edmonton 6 (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 1-0)

30 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Like a Prayer--Madonna (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Like a Prayer--Madonna (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Lucille Ball, 77
. U.S. actress and producer. Miss Ball appeared in a number of movies in the 1930s and '40s before achieving stardom in the radio comedy series My Favorite Husband (1948-1951). She then became one of television's biggest stars with the series I Love Lucy (1951-1957); The Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour (1957-1960); The Lucy Show (1962-1968); and Here's Lucy (1968-1974). With her first husband, Desi Arnaz, Miss Ball founded Desilu studios, which she began running in 1962, with great success. She died of a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm.

Ihei Aoki. Japanese bureaucrat. Mr. Aoki was the secretary to Prime Minister Noboru Takeshita, who had announced the previous day that he would resign over allegations of improper dealings with Recruit Company. Mr. Aoki believed to be a middleman in financial dealings between Mr. Takeshita and Recruit Company, committed suicide.

Journalism
The Chinese People's Daily published the April 26 Editorial, which inflamed the nascent Tiananmen Square protests.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the gross national product had grown at an annual rate of 5.5% in the first quarter of 1989.

Disasters
The deadliest tornado in world history struck central Bangladesh, killing upwards of 1,300, injuring 12,000, and leaving as many as 80,000 homeless.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Chicago 4 St. Louis 2

25 years ago
1994


Politics and government
The day after the Japanese Diet had elected Tsutomu Hata of the Japan Renewal Party (Shinseito) as the country's new Prime Minister, replacing Morihio Hosokawa, the Social Democratic Party pulled out of the ruling coalition, saying that they believed they were going to be squeezed out of the government. The other parties in the coalition were more conservative. The defection left Mr. Hata's government without a majority in the lower house of the Diet.

Voting began in South Africa's first general-suffrage elections.

Disasters
China Airlines Flight 140 an Airbus A300B4-622R, crashed at Nagoya Airport in Japan, killing 264 of the 271 people on board.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Vancouver 2 @ Calgary 1 (OT) (Calgary led best-of-seven series 3-2)

20 years ago
1999


Died on this date
Faye Throneberry, 67
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Throneberry, the older brother of legendary first baseman Marv Throneberry, was an outfielder with the Boston Red Sox (1952, 1955-1957); Washington Senators (1957-1960); and Los Angeles Angels (1961), batting .236 with 29 home runs and 137 runs batted in in 521 games. He played in 466 games in 7 seasons in the minor leagues from 1950-1963. Mr. Throneberry died of heart disease.

Diplomacy
Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat received a letter from U.S. President Bill Clinton urging him not to act unilaterally on Palestinian statehood, but also giving a signal of support for eventual statehood.

Politics and government
India's President, Kocheril Narayanan, dissolved parliament and called for a general election within six months.

Business
A group headed by Daniel Snyder, a young communications company owner, paid $800 million to buy the Washington Redskins of the National Football League from the estate of Jack Kent Cooke. The price tag was by far the largest for a franchise in sports history.

10 years ago
2009


Died on this date
Hans Holzer, 89
. Austrian-born U.S. paranormal investigator and author. Mr. Holzer moved to New York City with his parents in 1938. He wrote more than 120 books on supernatural phenomena, and investigated such incidents as the Amityville Horror in the 1970s. His endorsement of psychics and mediums and fields of study such as psychic archaeology and spirit photography has been criticized as pseudoscientific.

Health
The first cases of the 2009 H1N1 (swine flu) in Canada were confirmed; it was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization on June 11, 2009.

Tennis
Daniel Nestor and partner Nenad Zimonjiæ won the Barcelona Open doubles title over former partner Mark Knowles and Mahesh Bhupathi of India; Mr. Nestor became the first Canadian to reach his 100th Tour final.

April 25, 2019

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Suzie Martin!

1,220 years ago
799


World events
After mistreatment and disfigurement by the citizens of Rome, Pope Leo III fled to the Frankish court of King Charlemagne at Paderborn for protection.

420 years ago
1599


Born on this date
Oliver Cromwell
. Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland, 1653-1658. Mr. Cromwell was the Member of Parliament for Huntington (1628-1629) and Cambridge (1640-1649), and entered the English Civil War on the side of the "Roundheads," or Parliamentarians. He was a devout independent Puritan, and believed that God was guiding his military victories. Mr. Cromwell signed King Charles I's death warrant in 1949 and then led the "Rump Parliament" from 1649-1653 before dismissing it and accepting the invitation of fellow leaders to serve as Lord Protector. Mr. Cromwell was tolerant of Protestant sects, but not of Roman Catholics, and he remains the subject of divided opinion. He died of a possible kidney or urinary infection on September 3, 1568 at the age of 59, and was succeeded as Lord Protector by his son Richard.

375 years ago
1644


Died on this date
Chongzhen, 33
. Emperor of China, 1627-1644. Chongzhen, born Zhu Youjian, was the fifth son of Emperor Taichang, and succeeded his elder brother Tiangqi on the throne. Emperor Chongzhen battled peasant rebellions, but was unable to defend the northern frontier against Manchu forces, and committed suicide when they reached Beijing, ending the Ming dynasty. The Manchu then formed the succeeding Qing dynasty.

275 years ago
1744


Died on this date
Anders Celsius, 42
. Swedish astronomer, physicist, and mathematician. Professor Celsius taught astronomy at Uppsala University from 1730-1744 and visited observatories in various European locations, but was best known for devising the temperature scale in 1742 that eventually bore his name.

190 years ago
1829


Australiana
Charles Fremantle arrived in HMS Challenger off the coast of modern-day Western Australia's Garden Island, a week before declaring the Swan River Colony for the United Kingdom.

170 years ago
1849


Protest
Governor General of Canada Lord Elgin signed the Rebellion Losses Bill, providing payment for people who had lost property in the rebellions of 1837-1838, including rebels. Angry Tory mobs were furious the Queen's representative would sign a bill rewarding treason, and began rioting. They threw garbage and dead rats at members of the Assembly, and pelted an official reading the Riot Act with onions. That night, the mobs set fire to the Legislature in the St. Anne's Market in Montreal while it was in session, destroying parliamentary and government records, and Lord Elgin barely escaped. As a result of the lack of public security in Montreal, the government decided to move to Toronto; so began the period of wandering government, when Kingston and Quebec City also shared the duties of being the capital of the Canadas.

160 years ago
1859


Transportation
Ground was broken for the Suez Canal.

140 years ago
1879


Politics and government
Sir William Sullivan was sworn in as Premier of Prince Edward Island, succeeding Sir Louis Davies.

100 years ago
1919


Died on this date
Augustus D. Juilliard, 83
. U.S. businessman and philanthropist. Mr. Juilliard was born at sea while his parents were emigrating from France to the United States. He became a wealthy textile merchant and investor, and was best known for bequeathing much of his estate to the advancement of music, with the Juilliard School being established in New York City in 1924 as a graduate music conservatory. Mr. Juilliard died six days after his 83rd birthday.

75 years ago
1944


Died on this date
Tony Mullane, 85
. Irish-born U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Mullane, one of the few major league players who could pitch with either hand, played for the Detroit Wolverines (1881); Louisville Eclipse (1882); St. Louis Browns (1883); Toledo Blue Stockings (1884); Cincinnati Red Stockings/Reds (1886-1893); Baltimore Orioles (1893-1894); and Cleveland Spiders (1894), compiling a record of 284-220, with an earned run average of 3.05. He pitched a no-hitter in 1882, and remains the Cincinnati Reds' career leader with 264 complete games. Bobby Matthews (297) and Tommy John (288) are the only pitchers with more career major league wins than Mr. Mullane who aren't in the Baseball Hall of Fame.

William Stephens, 84. U.S. politician. Mr. Stephens represented California's 7th District in the United States House of Representatives from 1911-1913 and California's 10th District from 1913-1916. He was a Republican when he was first elected, but joined the Progressive Party, led by former President Theodore Roosevelt, in 1912. Mr. Stephens rejoined the Republican Party in 1916 and served as Governor of California from 1917-1923.

George Herriman, 63. U.S. cartoonist. Mr. Herriman wrote and drew two dozen newspaper comic strips, but was best known for Krazy Kat, which ran from 1913 until his death from non-alcoholic cirrhosis of the liver.

Humphrey Cobb, 44. U.S. author and screenwriter. Mr. Cobb, born in Italy to American parents, served with the Canadian Army in World War I before returning to the United States and writing propaganda for the U.S. Office of War Information and the Young & Rubicam advertising agency. He was best known for the novel Paths of Glory (1935) and the screenplay for San Quentin (1937).

War
Allied forces captured Sentani and Cyclops airfields on Hollandia, Dutch New Guinea. Allied forces continued to push back Japanese troops within the Imphal and Kohima areas in India.

Defense
U.S. Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson told the House of Representatives Postwar Committee on Military Policy that he favoured "a single authority in planning, supervision, and control" of the armed forces.

Politics and government
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt won the Massachusetts and Pennsylvania primaries in the contest to win the Democratic Party nomination for President of the United States in the November 1944 election.

Labour
Montgomery Ward telegraphed U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt that the company would not recognize the Congress of Industrial Organizations union until elections were held.

Academia
The United Negro College Fund was incorporated.

70 years ago
1949


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Stanley and George Spelvin (Wendell Holmes), on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Golden Pince-Nez

World events
The Panamanian government imposed a state of siege, charging opposition politicians with plotting a coup.

Politics and government
The World Congress of Fighters for Peace ended in Paris after issuing a manifesto attacking U.S. foreign policy and the North Atlantic security pact.

Crime
The espionage trial of U.S. Justice Department employee Judith Coplon opened in Washington.

Labour
A New York Congress of Industrial Organizations Council was formed to replace the Greater New York CIO Council, disbanded by the national CIO leadership because of its Communist leanings. Transport Workers Union President Michael Quill headed the new organization.

60 years ago
1959


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Petite Fleur (Little Flower)--Chris Barber's Jazz Band

#1 single in Italy: Smoke Gets in Your Eyes--The Platters (5th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Die Gitarre und das Meer--Freddy Quinn

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): It Doesn't Matter Anymore--Buddy Holly (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Come Softly to Me--The Fleetwoods (3rd week at #1)
2 (Now and Then There’s) A Fool Such as I--Elvis Presley
3 Venus--Frankie Avalon
4 Pink Shoe Laces--Dodie Stevens
5 Guitar Boogie Shuffle--The Virtues
6 I Need Your Love Tonight--Elvis Presley
7 Sorry (I Ran All the Way Home)--The Impalas
8 It's Late--Ricky Nelson
9 Since I Don't Have You--The Skyliners
10 The Happy Organ--Dave "Baby" Cortez

Singles entering the chart were Kookie, Kookie (Lend Me Your Comb) by Edward Byrnes & Connie Stevens (#50); Young Ideas by Chico Holiday (#71); Castin' My Spell by the Johnny Otis Show (#85); I Waited Too Long by LaVern Baker (#86); Your Cheatin' Heart by Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra (#89); A String of Trumpets by the Trumpeteers (#90); The Fountain of Youth by the Four Lads (#92); I've Come of Age by Billy Storm (#93); Gretchen by the Diamonds (#95); If You Only Knew (The Love I Have for You) by the Teddy Bears (#96); Move Over Rover by the Mark IV (#98); and The Battle of New Orleans by Johnny Horton (#99).

Diplomacy
Cuban Prime Minister Fidel Castro, along with 75 Cuban government officials and members of the country’s press corps, all clad in olive green military fatigues, arrived in Montreal for his first visit to Canada, after a two-day visit to Boston. Mr. Castro then held a long press conference with prominent journalists, including René Lévesque, where he tried to explain the philosophy of his Revolutionary movement, which he called “humanism.”

U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairman J. William Fulbright (Democrat--Arkansas) declined Secretary of State Christian Herter's invitation for ranking committee members to accompany him to East-West talks in Geneva.

Politics and government
Moroccan Prime Minister Abdullah Ibrahim was expelled from membership in the ruling Istiqlal Party after being blamed by party president Allal el-Fassity for the growth of banditry.

Crime
Masked white men abducted Negro truck driver Mack Parker from the unguarded Pearl River County Jail in Poplarville, Mississippi, where Mr. Parker was awaiting trial on charges of raping a white woman.

Transportation
The St. Lawrence section of the St. Lawrence Seaway opened for traffic as the first ship, the icebreaker D'Iberville, entered the locks south of Montréal; the first westbound vessel was the Simcoe, a 36-year-old, coal-burning, Canadian canaller; 30 hours later, Simcoe reaches Kingston, Ontario to take on a load of grain; the 650 km. waterway between Montréal and Lake Erie links the Great Lakes together as far as Duluth, Minnesota on Lake Superior - a distance of 3776 kilometres from the Atlantic Ocean.

50 years ago
1969


Hit parade
Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Hair--The Cowsills
2 Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In (The Flesh Failures)--The 5th Dimension
3 What Can the Matter Be--The Poppy Family
4 Sweet Cherry Wine--Tommy James and the Shondells
5 Gitarzan--Ray Stevens
6 Rock Me--Steppenwolf
7 Brother Love's Travelling Salvation Show--Neil Diamond
8 The Boxer--Simon & Garfunkel
9 First of May--The Bee Gees
10 Morning Girl--Neon Philharmonic

Singles entering the chart were Get Back/Don't Let Me Down by the Beatles with Billy Preston (#20); Black Pearl by Sonny Charles & the Checkmates, Ltd. (#25); In the Bad, Bad Old Days (Before You Loved Me) by the Foundations (#26); Stand! by Sly & the Family Stone (#28); and Goodbye by Mary Hopkin (#29).

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Hair--The Cowsills
2 Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In (The Flesh Failures)--The 5th Dimension
3 Galveston--Glen Campbell
4 Long Green--The Fireballs
5 Things I'd Like to Say--The New Colony Six
6 The Letter--The Arbors
7 Hot Smoke & Sasafrass--The Bubble Puppy
8 Time of the Season--The Zombies
9 Rock Me--Steppenwolf
10 Gimme Gimme Good Lovin'--Crazy Elephant

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Boston 112 @ Los Angeles 118 (Los Angeles led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Jerry West scored 41 points and Elgin Baylor added 31, including his team's last 12 points, as the Lakers beat the Celtics at the Forum in Inglewood, California.

40 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Bright Eyes--Art Garfunkel (3rd week at #1)

Law
The Manitoba Court of Appeal struck down an 1890 law prohibiting the use of French in the provincial legislature, courts and schools.

Hockey
WHA
Avco World Trophy
Semi-Finals
Winnipeg 9 @ Quebec 2 (Winnipeg led best-of-seven series 2-0)

30 years ago
1989


Politics and government
U.S.S.R. President Mikhail Gorbachev obtained the resignations of 110 officials, including 74 full members of the Central Committee of the Communist Party. Most of those who "retired" were holdovers from the time when Leonid Brezhnev had run the party and the country (1964-1982). Among those who resigned was former President and Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko.

Japanese Prime Minister Noboru Takeshita, who had received large donations from Recruit Company, and was accused of granting favours in return, announced that he would resign after the 1989 budget was approved by the Diet.

Scandal
Canadian Finance Minister Michael Wilson's budget was leaked by Global television reporter Doug Small. When opposition parties reject Mr. Wilson's request for an emergency evening sitting of the House of Commons, he called a 10 P.M. news conference to announce budget highlights.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Boston 2 @ Montreal 3 (Montreal won best-of-seven series 4-1)

25 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Streets of Philadelphia--Bruce Springsteen (3rd week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Love Sneakin' Up on You--Bonnie Raitt
2 Streets of Philadelphia--Bruce Springsteen
3 Mr. Jones--Counting Crows
4 The Sign--Ace of Base
5 Return to Innocence--Enigma
6 Without You--Mariah Carey
7 Swimming in Your Ocean--Crash Test Dummies
8 Hasn't Hit Me Yet--Blue Rodeo
9 Loser--Beck
10 I'll Remember--Madonna

Singles entering the chart were Round Here by Counting Crows (#53); Soul's Road by Lawrence Gowan (#54); Change by Blind Melon (#67); Breakaway by ZZ Top (#80); Sanctuary by Annette Ducharme (#89); and We Wait and Wonder by Phil Collins (#91).

Politics and government
The Japanese Diet elected Tsutomu Hata of the Japanese Renewal Party (Shinseito) to succeed Morihiro Hosokawa as Prime Minister. Mr. Hosokawa had announced his resignation on April 8, pending the choice of a successor, amid allegations that he had profited illegally from a loan from a trucking company.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Montreal 2 @ Boston 1 (OT) (Montreal led best-of-seven series 3-2)

20 years ago
1999


Defense
North Atlantic Treaty Organization leaders met with leaders of seven non-NATO nations surrounding Yugoslavia and pledged to protect them from Yugoslav aggression--completely oblivious to the fact that it was the NATO nations who were the aggressors.

Crime
U.S. Vice President Al Gore was among 70,000 people who attended a memorial service for victims of the Columbine High School shooting five days earlier. Some of those in attendance may actually have known some of the deceased.

10 years ago
2009


Died on this date
Bea Arthur, 86
. U.S. actress and singer. Mrs. Arthur, born Bernice Frankel, won a Tony Award in 1966 for playing Vera Charles in Mame, but was best known for starring in the television comedy series Maude (1972-1978) and The Golden Girls (1985-1992), winning Emmy Awards (1977, 1988) for her performances in both series. She died 18 days before her 87th birthday.

Disappeared on this date
Brittanee Drexel, 17
. U.S. girl. Miss Drexel, a resident of Chili, New York, went with friends on a spring break trip to Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, without her mother's permission. She was seen on security camera footage entering and leaving a hotel, and texted her boyfriend at home to say she was on her way to visit someone else at another hotel. Miss Drexel hasn't been seen since. Prison inmae Taquan Brown told police in 2016 that Miss Drexel had been kidnapped, sexually abused, and murdered by Timothy Da'Shaun Taylor. Mr. Taylor denies all knowledge of the crime. The Federal Bureau of Investigation announced in 2016 their belief that Miss Drexel was murdered shortly after her disappearance.

April 24, 2019

390 years ago
1629


Diplomacy
Under the Treaty of Suza, England and France agreed on mutual restoration of all territory and shipping taken subsequent to that date; Sir William Alexander lost his Nova Scotia possessions to the French.

240 years ago
1779


Died on this date
Eleazar Wheelock, 68
. American clergyman and educator. Mr. Wheelock was pastor of the Second Congregational Church of Lebanon, Connecticut from 1735-1769; he participated in the Great Awakening, and evangelized and taught Native Americans. Mr. Wheelock established Dartmouth College in 1769, and served as its first president. He died two days after his 68th birthday.

130 years ago
1889


Born on this date
Stafford Cripps
. U.K. politician. Sir Stafford, a member of the Labour Party, was Ambassador to the Soviet Union and Minister of Aircraft Production in the government of Prime Minister Winston Churchill during World War II, and Minister for Economic Affairs (1947) and Chancellor of the Exchequer (1947-1950) in the government of Prime Minister Clement Attlee. He died on April 21, 1952, three days before his 63rd birthday.

110 years ago
1909


World events
The Ottoman Empire's Army of Action (Hareket Ordusu) put down the countercoup of 1909 in order to restore the Constitution.

Soccer
English FA Cup
Final @ Crystal Palace, London
Manchester United 1 Bristol City 0

100 years ago
1919


Born on this date
Glafcos Clerides
. 4th President of Cyprus, 1974, 1993-2003. Mr. Clerides, a member of Patriotic Front (1959-1969) and Enaion (1969-1976), was Minister of Justice during the period of transition from British colonial rule to Cypriot independence in 1959-1960. He was elected to the House of Representatives in 1960, and was named its first President, holding the position until 1976. Mr. Clerides was President of Cyprus from July-December 1974, after democratically-elected President Archbishop Makarios was overthrown. Mr. Clerides returned the presidency to Archbishop Makarios upon his return in December 1974. Mr. Clerides founded Demokratikos Synagermos (Democratic Rally) in 1976, serving as its first president. He was elected President in 1993 and served through a period of prosperity, winning re-election in 1998, but losing to Tassos Papadopoulos in a bid for a third term in 2003. Mr. Clerides died on November 15, 2013 at the age of 94.

90 years ago
1929


Disasters
Fire destroyed two blocks of buildings in Carbonear, Newfoundland.

80 years ago
1939


Died on this date
Louis Trousselier, 57
. French cyclist. Mr. Trousselier won the 1905 Tour de France, and won Paris-Roubaix (1905) and Bordeaux-Paris (1908).

75 years ago
1944


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Dentist Who Used Wolves' Bane

War
U.S. troops advanced more than a mile on the east flank of the Anzio beachhead in Italy, reaching a point two miles from the vital Appian Way southeast of Cisterna. Japanese forces began a new spring offensive in the Chinese province of Anwhei. U.S. Selective Service Director Lewis Hershey said that large numbers of the 3.6 million rejected registrants aged 18-36 years would be re-examined.

World events
The United Kingdom announced a ban on overseas travel effective April 28 except on business of national importance.

Disasters
The crash of a four-engine Liberator in Montreal's Griffintown neighborhood caused about 15 deaths and heavy material damage. In all, four houses were destroyed under the impact and six others were burned. The causes of the incident were never accurately identified.

70 years ago
1949


War
Chinese Communist forces occupied the Nationalist capital of Nanking without opposition and advanced toward Shanghai. The Shansi Province capital of Taiyuan, the only northern Chinese city remaining to the Nationalists, surrendered to the Communists.

Politics and government
The U.S. Republican Party formed a 21-man committee in Washington to plan strategy for the 1950 election campaign.

60 years ago
1959


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): It Doesn't Matter Anymore--Buddy Holly

Diplomacy
Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and Foreign Secretary Subimal Dutt met with the exiled Dalai Lama in Mussoorie, India.

A Western working group on German unification ended a series of meetings in London without substantial progress toward ending disagreement on terms for negotiating a German settlement with the U.S.S.R.

World events
Asserting that letters discovered in a Santa Clara beach cottage implicated Dame Margot Fonteyn in a plot to overthrow his government, Panamanian President Ernesto de la Guardia declared that he may seek the ballerina's extradition from the United Kingdom.

Boxing
Don Jordan (47-11) retained his world welterweight title with a 15-round unanimous decision over Virgil Akins (50-20-1) at Kiel Auditorium in St. Louis. Mr. Jordan had won the title from Mr. Akins with a 15-round unanimous decision on December 5, 1958.

50 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): M'Lady--John Rowles

War
American B-52's dropped almost 3,000 tons of bombs on the Cambodian border area northwest of Saigon, by far the heaviest bombing concentration of the Vietnam war. Some of the raids hit within 2,000 yards of the border.

Biafran forces recaptured the garrison city of Owerri from Nigerian government forces.

Politics and government
After a midnight debate, Lebanese Prime Minister Rashid Karami submitted his resignation in response to criticism of his restrictions on guerrillas using Lebanon as a base for raids on Israel. 12 rioters and policemen were killed in two days of rioting over Lebanon's restrictions on Arab commandos.

The ninth congress of the Chinese Communist party ended.

Hockey
Montreal 2 @ Boston 1 (2 OT) (Montreal won best-of-seven series 4-2)

Jean Beliveau scored at 11:28 of the 2nd overtime period for the Canadiens as they eliminated the Bruins at Boston Garden. Rogie Vachon made 50 saves to win the goaltending duel over Gerry Cheevers, who made 45 saves.

40 years ago
1979


On television tonight
The Paper Chase, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Scavenger Hunt

This was the last episode of the season, and the last to be broadcast on CBS. The series was revived in 1983 and broadcast on the cable network Showtime.



Diplomacy
U.S. President Jimmy Carter appointed former special trade representative Robert Strauss as chief United States envoy to Middle East negotiations on Palestinian self-rule.

Politics and government
Medhi Bazargan, Prime Minister of Iran, criticized Islamic committees linked to the Ayatollah Khomeini, calling for an end to anarchy and the "rule of revenge."

Economics and finance
U.S. Senator Jesse Helms (Republican--North Carolina) introduced a bill to force President Jimmy Carter to lift economic sanctions against Rhodesia. The U.S. State Department called Helms' move premature.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Quarter-Finals
New York Rangers 8 @ Philadelphia 3 (New York won best-of-seven series 4-1)

Hockey
WHA
Avco World Trophy
Quarter-Finals
New England 2 @ Cincinnati 1 (New England won best-of-three series 2-1)

The Whalers' win over the Stingers was the last World Hockey Association game ever played at Riverfront Coliseum.

30 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): She Drives Me Crazy--Fine Young Cannibals (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Like a Prayer--Madonna (7th week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM):
1 Like a Prayer--Madonna
2 She Drives Me Crazy--Fine Young Cannibals
3 The Look--Roxette
4 Eternal Flame--Bangles
5 The Living Years--Mike + the Mechanics
6 Girl You Know it's True--Milli Vanilli
7 Walk the Dinosaur--Was (Not Was)
8 Stand--R.E.M.
9 Lost in Your Eyes--Debbie Gibson
10 Diamond Mine--Blue Rodeo

Singles entering the chart included Seeing is Believing by Mike + the Mechanics (#82); Nineteen Forever by Joe Jackson (#86); Every Little Step by Bobby Brown (#90); Thinking of You by Sa-Fire (#91); Miss You Like Crazy by Natalie Cole (#93); Cult of Personality by Living Colour (#94); and Round & Round by New Order (#96).

25 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: The Sign--Ace of Base

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Streets of Philadelphia--Bruce Springsteen (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Without You--Mariah Carey (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): The Most Beautiful Girl in the World--The Artist Formerly Known as Prince (Love Symbol) (2nd week at #1)

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
New York Rangers 5 @ New York Islanders 2 (Rangers won best-of-seven series 4-0)
Toronto 3 @ Chicago 4 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
Dallas 2 @ St. Louis 1 (Dallas won best-of-seven series 4-0)

20 years ago
1999


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Toronto 2 Philadelphia 1 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Friday, 26 April 2019

April 23, 2019

1,420 years ago
599


War
Maya King Uneh Chan of Calakmul attacked rival city-state Palenque in southern Mexico, defeating Queen Yohl Ik'nal and sacking the city.

230 years ago
1789


Americana
President-elect George Washington and his wife Martha moved into the first executive mansion, the Franklin House in New York City.

200 years ago
1819


Born on this date
Edward Stafford
. Prime Minister of New Zealand, 1856-1861, 1865-1869, 1872. Sir Edward, a native of Edinburgh, moved to New Zealand in 1843. As an independent politician he represented Nelson (1855-1868) and Timaru (1868-1878) in the New Zealand Parliament. As Prime Minister, Sir Edward took measures to define the relationships between the various levels of government, and pursued positive relations with the Māori. He retired from politics in 1878 and spent most of his later life in England, dying in London on February 14, 1901 at the age of 81.

130 years ago
1889


Born on this date
Karel Doorman
. Dutch military officer. Rear-Admiral Doorman served with the Royal Netherlands Navy from 1906 until his death on February 28, 1942 at the age of 52, when the cruiser he was commanding, De Ruyter, was struck by a Japanese torpedo during the Battle of the Java Sea, and he chose to go down with the ship.

120 years ago
1899


Born on this date
Bertil Ohlin
. Swedish economist and politician. Dr. Ohlin taught at the Stockholm School of Economics for many years, and with Eli Heckscher, developed the Heckscher-Ohlin theorem regarding international trade. Dr. Ohlin and James Meade shared the 1977 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences "for their pathbreaking contribution to the theory of international trade and international capital movements." Dr. Ohlin represented Stockholm Municipality in the Swedish Parliament from 1938-1970, and led the People's Party from 1944-1967. He served as Sweden's Minister for Trade (1944-1945) and President of the Nordic Council (1959-1969). Dr. Ohlin died on August 3, 1979 at the age of 80.

Minoru Shirota. Japanese microbiologist. In the 1920s, Dr. Shirota identified the strain of lactic acid bacteria now known as Lactobacillus paracasei Shirota. In 1935 he founded the company Yakult Honsha in 1935 to sell beverages containing the strain, branded Yakult. Dr. Shirota died on March 10, 1982 at the age of 82.

100 years ago
1919


Born on this date
Oleg Penkovsky
. U.S.S.R. military officer. Lieutenant Colonel Penkovsky served with the Soviet military intelligence service GRU from the late 1950s through the early 1960s. He provided intelligence to the United Kingdom regarding the placement of Soviet missiles in Cuba, but was exposed by Jack Dunlap, a U.S. National Security Agency employee working as a double agent with the Soviet secret police force KGB. Lt. Col. Petrovsky was executed by U.S.S.R. authorities for treason on May 16, 1963, 23 days after his 44th birthday.

80 years ago
1939


Baseball
Ted Williams of the Boston Red Sox batted 4 for 5 and hit his first major league home run, off Bud Thomas of the Philadelphia Athletics. The Athletics scored 6 runs in the top of the 8th inning to overcome an 8-6 deficit, and won 12-8 before 12,000 fans at Fenway Park in Boston.

Schoolboy Rowe pitched a 4-hitter and batted 2 for 5 with a triple and a run to lead the Detroit Tigers over the Cleveland Indians 8-0 at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland.

The Chicago White Sox scored 3 runs in each of the first 2 innings en route to a 17-4 rout of the St. Louis Browns before 12,000 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Chicago first baseman Joe Kuhel batted 4 for 5 with a double, 2 runs, and 5 runs batted in.

Heinie Mueller singled home Pinky May and Del Young with 2 out in the bottom of the 12th inning to give the Philadelphia Phillies a 5-4 win over the Brooklyn Dodgers before 8,000 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. Hugh "Losing Pitcher" Mulcahy started on the mound for the Phillies and allowed the Dodgers to score a go-ahead run in the top of the 12th before being relieved, but the rally by his teammates prevented another loss from being added to his record.

75 years ago
1944


War
Operation Persecution resulted in Allied occupation of the Hollandia area of New Guinea. U.S. forces occupied Ujelang Atoll of the Marshall Islands. German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler and deposed Italian dictator Benito Mussolini concluded two days of conferences at Mr. Hitler's headquarters and reached "un shakeable decision...to bring the war against the Bolshevists...the Jews...and the plutocrats...to a successful conclusion."

Politics and government
Greek Prime Minister-in-exile Sofoklis Venizelos resigned, and King George II of the U.K. asked George Papandreou to form a new government. The Greek government was in exile in England during the Nazi occupation of Greece in World War II.

70 years ago
1949


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Rambling Rose--Perry Como; Tony Pastor (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard) (Best Seller): Cruising Down the River--Russ Morgan and his Orchestra (5th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Cruising Down the River--Russ Morgan and his Orchestra (5th week at #1)
--Blue Barron and his Orchestra
--Jack Smith and the Clark Sisters
2 Far Away Places--Bing Crosby
--Perry Como
3 Forever and Ever--Russ Morgan and his Orchestra
--Perry Como
4 Sunflower--Russ Morgan and his Orchestra
--Jack Fulton
5 So in Love--Gordon MacRae
--Dinah Shore
6 Galway Bay--Bing Crosby
7 Powder Your Face with Sunshine (Smile! Smile! Smile!)--Evelyn Knight and the Stardusters
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
8 Red Roses for a Blue Lady--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
9 Down by the Station--Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
10 "A" You're Adorable (The Alphabet Song)--Jo Stafford and Gordon MacRae
--Perry Como with the Fontane Sisters

Singles entering the chart were If You Stub Your Toe on the Moon by Bing Crosby (#35); Caravan by Billy Eckstine (#36); and Someone Like You by Doris Day (#38).

On the radio
Pat Novak For Hire, starring Jack Webb, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: Sam Tolliver and the Packages from the Ship

Tales of Fatima, starring Basil Rathbone, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: Country Killing

War
Nationalist Chinese President Li Tsung-jen flew to Canton in southern China, promising to coordinate resistance for a "fight to the end" against the Communists. Communist underground members joined with students in attempting to maintain public order and prevent looting.

Diplomacy
Israeli President Chaim Weizmann, speaking in New York, reiterated Israel's refusal to permit the internationalization of Jerusalem, but agreed to international control over holy places in the city.

The U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities released testimony and documents provided by Izydor Modelski, former Polish military attache in Washington, describing Poland's U.S. embassy as a spy headquarters directed by a Soviet general.

Defense
The People's Liberation Army Navy was established by the Chinese Communist Party.

70,000 U.S. troops ended six days of maneuvers in Bavaria, practicing defense of the area against an invasion from Czechoslovakia.

Politics and government
Cochin China's Territorial Assembly voted for union with Vietnam, repudiating French plans for a semi-autonomous Cochinchinese state.

Academia
The Illinois Seditious Activities Investigation Committee completed three days of hearings on alleged subversive activities at the University of Chicago and Roosevelt University. U. of C. Chancellor Robert Hutchins criticized the inquiry for attempting to establish "guilt by association" and contributing to the "miasma of thought control that is now spreading over the country."

Horse racing
Olympia, with Eddie Arcaro, won the Wood Memorial in Jamaica, New York.

60 years ago
1959


On television tonight
The Lawless Years, starring James Gregory, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Immigrant



Died on this date
Egon Reinert, 50
. German politician. Mr. Reinert, President of the Saar since 1957, died of injuries received in a car accident.

Married on this date
Gene Krupa, U.S. jazz drummer, married Patricia Bowler in Yonkers, New York.

War
Peking radio dispatches reported that Chinese troops had defeated rebel forces in southeastern Tibet and had closed Tibet's frontiers with India and Bhutan.

Defense
U.S.S.R. Premier Nikita Khrushchev rejected U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower's call for an agreement to suspend nuclear weapons tests in the atmosphere to an altitude of 50 kilometres.

Oil
Oil ministers from nine Arab countries and emirates concluded the first Arab Petroleum Congress in Cairo with a call for increased Arab participation in oil transport, refining, and marketing, and an increased share in the industry's profits.

50 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Get Back--The Beatles with Billy Preston

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Ob-La-Di, Ob-La-Da/While My Guitar Gently Weeps--The Beatles (6th week at #1)
2 Where Do You Go To (My Lovely)--Peter Sarstedt
3 Dizzy--Tommy Roe
4 Adios Amor--Jose Feliciano
5 Indian Giver--1910 Fruitgum Co.
6 Edge of Reality/If I Can Dream--Elvis Presley
7 Build Me Up Buttercup--The Foundations
8 Crimson and Clover--Tommy James and the Shondells
9 Stand by Your Man--Tammy Wynette
10 Games People Play--Joe South

Singles entering the chart were Proud Mary by Creedence Clearwater Revival (#25); Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In (The Flesh Failures) by the 5th Dimension (#31); Goodbye by Mary Hopkin (#35); and Gentle on My Mind by Dean Martin (#37).

War
Federal Nigerian forces reported the capture of Umuahia, administrative headquarters of Biafra, and the last major centre held by the secessionist regime. The Biafrans still controlled about 2,500 square miles of territory, including the vital airstrip at Uli-Ihiala.

North Korea, which had been congratulated by North Vietnam on "its glorious achievement" in shooting down an American reconnaissance plane over the Sea of Japan on April 15, denounced the continuing reconnaissance flights, and threatened to shoot down any U.S. planes that "intruded."

World events
Lebanon declared a state of emergency after at least 7 people were killed and scores injured in clashes between security forces and demonstrators protesting restrictions on Palestinian commandos.

Crime
The jury that convicted Sirhan Sirhan of murder in the June 1968 assassination of Senator Robert F. Kennedy sentenced Mr. Sirhan to die in a gas chamber.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Boston 118 @ Los Angeles 120 (Los Angeles led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Jerry West scored 53 points, but it was Wilt Chamberlain's field goal with 23 seconds remaining in regulation time that was the deciding score as the Lakers edged the Celtics at the Forum in Inglewood, California.

40 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Heart of Glass--Blondie (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Miserarete--Judy Ongg (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Sólo Pienso en Tí--Víctor Manuel

Died on this date
Blair Peach, 33
. N.Z.-born U.K. teacher and activist. Mr. Peach, who had moved to Britain in 1969 and was active in the Socialist Workers' Party (SWP), Socialist Teachers' Association and the local branch of the National Union of Teachers, suffered fatal head injuries when he was knocked unconscious during an Anti-Nazi League demonstration in Southall, London, against a National Front election meeting in the town hall.

Diplomacy
Saudi Arabia severed diplomatic and political ties with Egypt, but backed off from a complete economic break.

Politics and government
The Progressive Conservative Party, led by Angus MacLean, won the Prince Edward Island provincial election, taking 21 seats in the Legislative Assembly to 11 for the governing Liberal Party of Premier Bennett Campbell. The Liberals had held a 17-15 majority after the 1978 election, but then-Premier Alex Campbell had resigned and Legislative Assembly Speaker Russell Perry was not allowed to cast votes in his role, leaving the parties deadlocked 15-15, and prompting Bennett Campbell, who had succeeded Alex Campbell, to call another election to restore the Liberal majority.

Rev. Ndabaningi Sithole, defeated by Bishop Abel Muzorewa's United African National Council in the April 21 Zimbabwe Rhodesian elections, said that his Zimbabwe African National Union would not accept the results due to "gross irregularities" in the balloting.

Hockey
WHA
Avco World Trophy
Semi-Finals
Winnipeg 6 @ Quebec 3 (Winnipeg led best-of-seven series 1-0)

30 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Wild Thing--Tone Lōc

#1 single in Switzerland: Like a Prayer--Madonna (4th week at #1)

Scandal
The Roman Catholic Church in Newfoundland set up a five-member panel to inquire into the sexual abuse of children during the 1970's at the Mount Cashel Orphanage in St. John's.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Montreal 2 @ Boston 3 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Basketball
NBA
Kareem Abdul-Jabbar of the Los Angeles Lakers, the league's career scoring leader, played his final regular season game, scoring 10 points as the Lakers defeated the Seattle SuperSonics 121-117 at the Forum in Inglewood, California. It was Mr. Abdul-Jabbar's 1,560th league game, and his teammates gave him a white Rolls-Royce.

25 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): The Power of Love--Celine Dion

#1 single in Italy: Streets of Philadelphia--Bruce Springsteen

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Sister Golden Hair--Spanic

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): The Most Beautiful Girl in the World--The Artist Formerly Known as Prince (Love Symbol) (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): Without You--Mariah Carey

#1 single in France (SNEP): Streets of Philadelphia--Bruce Springsteen (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Without You--Mariah Carey (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): The Most Beautiful Girl in the World--The Artist Formerly Known as Prince (Love Symbol)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Bump n' Grind--R. Kelly (3rd week at #1)
2 The Sign--Ace of Base
3 Without You/Never Forget You--Mariah Carey
4 Mmm Mmm Mmm Mmm--Crash Test Dummies
5 So Much in Love--All-4-One
6 The Most Beautiful Girl in the World--The Artist Formerly Known as Prince (Love Symbol)
7 The Power of Love--Celine Dion
8 Whatta Man--Salt-N-Pepa with En Vogue
9 Streets of Philadelphia--Bruce Springsteen
10 Now and Forever--Richard Marx

Singles entering the chart were Regulate by Warren G & Nate Dogg (#57); I Swear by All-4-One (#72); I Got Cha Opin by Black Moon (#93); Bizarre Love Triangle by FRENTE! (#94); Leaving Las Vegas by Sheryl Crow (#95); Love on My Mind by Xscape (#98); and Regular Thang by Ovis (#100). Regulate was from the movie Above the Rim (1994).

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Most Beautiful Girl in the World--The Artist Formerly Known as Prince (Love Symbol)
2 The Sign--Ace of Base
3 Mmm Mmm Mmm Mmm--Crash Test Dummies
4 Without You/Never Forget You--Mariah Carey
5 Baby, I Love Your Way--Big Mountain
6 Streets of Philadelphia--Bruce Springsteen
7 So Much in Love--All-4-One
8 Whatta Man--Salt-N-Pepa with En Vogue
9 Now and Forever--Richard Marx
10 Return to Innocence--Enigma

Singles entering the chart were Never Forget You; Misled by Celine Dion (#64); I Swear by All-4-One (#74); I Wish by Gabrielle (#76); Stay (I Missed You) by Lisa Loeb & Nine Stories (#84); Anything by SWV (#87); Regulate by Warren G. and Nate Dogg (#88); and Low by Cracker (#89).

War
Serb forces in Bosnia began to pull back from the Muslim enclave of Gorazde, even while continuing to shell the town.

Defense
Admiral Jeremy Boorda formally succeeded Admiral Frank Kelso as U.S. Chief of Naval Operations. Adm. Kelso had opted for early retirement as a result of the scandal surrounding the 1991 Tailhook convention in Las Vegas, where female Navy personnel accused male personnel of sexual assault and harassment. The law required that the United States Senate approve of Adm. Kelso's retirement with a 4-star rank, and on April 19, the Senate had voted 54-43 to approve Adm. Kelso's 4-star rank.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Pittsburgh 1 @ Washington 4 (Washington led best-of-seven series 3-1)
Boston 2 @ Montreal 5 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
Toronto 4 @ Chicago 5 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 2-1)

10 years ago
1999


Defense
In Washington, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization began three days of celebrating the 50th anniversary of its founding. The event drew heads of government from the 19 member nations. They issued a communique renewing their insistence that Serbia withdraw their forces from Kosovo, and that refugees under international protection be returned safely. NATO is a classic example of an organization that had outlived its usefulness. It was created as a defensive alliance against an aggressive Soviet Union. However, instead of disbanding when the Soviet Union ceased to exist, NATO expanded and became an aggressive alliance. Like the firemen in Ray Bradbury's novel Fahrenheit 451, NATO was, and continues to be, in the business of starting wars instead of preventing them.

Law
The Supreme Court of Canada ruled that lower court judges should apply special provisions, such as traditional Native practices, when sentencing convicted aboriginal people, and also should apply traditional disciplinary practices when sentencing Natives found guilty of criminal offenses.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Edmonton 2 @ Dallas 3 (Dallas led best-of-seven series 2-0)

10 years ago
2009


Space
Gamma-ray burst GRB 090423 was detected, coming from the most distant astronomical object of any kind known at the time.

Diplomacy
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Stephen Harper announced the closure of Canadian embassies in Cambodia and Bosnia-Herzegovina, citing changes in priorities.