Sunday, 30 September 2018

September 28, 2018

780 years ago
1238


War
Valencia, Spain, then under Muslim control, surrendered to the besieging King James I of Aragon, who shortly thereafter proclaimed himself King of Valencia.

480 years ago
1538


War
In the Ottoman–Venetian War, the Ottoman Navy scored a decisive victory over a Holy League fleet in the Battle of Preveza in northwestern Greece.

150 years ago
1868


War
Revolutionary forces led by General Francisco Serrano y Domínguez defeated Spanish government forces commanded by General Manuel Pavía in the Battle of Alcolea, forcing Queen Isabella II to leave Spain for exile in France.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Arnold Stang
. U.S. actor. Mr. Stang, known for his nasal voice and nerdy appearance, was a character and voice actor in numerous movies, television programs, and cartoons in a career spanning more than 60 years. He died on December 20, 2009 at the age of 91.

Died on this date
Freddie Stowers, 22
. U.S. soldier. Corporal Stowers, a Negro, was killed in a U.S. Army unit serving under French command in France, while leading a charge against a German machine gun nest. He wasn't decorated at the time, but an investigation led to Cpl. Stowers being awarded a posthumous Medal of Honor in 1991.

War
The Fifth Battle of Ypres began in northern France and southern Belgium. Milton F. Gregg of Mountain Dale, New Brunswick earned the Victoria Cross near Cambrai, France. Although wounded twice, he led his men against enemy trenches, personally capturing 12 machine-gun nests. In spite of his wounds he led a third attack on October 1.

90 years ago
1928


Married on this date
Prince Yasuhito Chichibu
, brother of Japanese Emperor Hirohito and heir presumptive to the throne, married Setsuko Matsudaira, daughter of the former Japanese Ambassador to the United States, in a ceremony at 10 A.M. Tokyo time.

Medicine
Alexander Fleming noticed a bacteria-killing mold growing in his laboratory in the basement of St Mary's Hospital in London, discovering what later became known as penicillin.

Defense
The Franco-British accord on naval limitation was rejected by the United States as a basis for discussion of limitation in identical notes delivered to the Foreign Offices in London and Paris.

Politics and government
The New York Republican State Convention opened in Syracuse. The Convention nominated Attorney General Albert Ottinger for Governor; U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom A.B. Houghton for U.S. Senator; and a full ticket.

Crime
In Philadelphia, Judge Kirkpatrick sentenced bootlegger Joel Kerper to 15 months in the Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta and a $20,000 fine. Judge Kirkpatrick also ordered Mr. Kerper's $50,000 stock of liquors destroyed, his his new automobile forfeited to the government, and his property on Walnut Street temporarily padlocked. Mr. Kerper filled orders for alcoholic beverages supposedly dating from before the passage of the Volstead Act for socially prominent clients in eastern U.S. cities and their summer homes.

Religion
The Sacred Synod of Bishops of the Church of England agreed to use the revised prayer book, thus setting Parliament at defiance. The official announcement stated that "during the present emergency and until further order be taken," the bishops could not regard the use of the new prayer book as inconsistent "with loyalty to the principles of the Church of England."

Labour
Stevedore strikes in South Australia, with bombings, had caused the government to recruit volunteer constables armed with rifles at Port Adelaide and Melbourne.

80 years ago
1938


Died on this date
Bill Rollinson, 82
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Rollinson, born William Winslow, was a catcher who played 1 game with the Washington Nationals of the Union Association in 1884, batting 0 for 3. He played a few games in each of several other independent leagues from 1879-1885.

Charles Duryea, 76. U.S. automobile executive. Mr. Duryea was the engineer of the first American gasoline-powered car that worked, which was given its first successful road test in Springfield, Massachusetts on September 20, 1893. He and his brother Frank founded the Duryea Motor Wagon Company in Springfield in 1896. The company ceased production in 1917.

Baseball
The Chicago Cubs were leading the Pittsburgh Pirates by 1/2 game as the teams played each other before 34,465 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. The score was tied 5-5 with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning, and the umpires had made it clear that the game would be called because of darkness after 9 innings. Pittsburgh relief pitcher Mace Brown shook off a sign for a fastball and threw a curve, which Mr. Hartnett hit for a home run to give the Cubs a 6-5 win. The "Homer in the Gloamin'" was regarded as the deciding blow in the National League pennant race, which ended with the Cubs finishing 2 games ahead of the Pirates.

Don Padgett, Johnny Mize, and Jimmy Brown each had 3 hits for the St. Louis Cardinals as they edged the Cincinnati Reds 8-7 before 1,081 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. The Reds had runners on first and third bases with 2 out in the 9th inning, but pinch hitter Dick West, making his major league debut, grounded into a force play at second base to end the game. Joe Cascarella, the third of four Cincinnati pitchers, allowed 3 hits and 1 run--earned--in 1 inning, with 1 strikeout and no bases on balls in the 143rd and last game of his 5-year major league career. Cincinnati pinch hitter Dusty Cooke was hit by a pitch in the 6th inning in the 608th and last game of his 8-year major league career.

Birdie Tebbetts batted 3 for 5 and hit his only home run of the season--a grand slam in the 6th inning--to help the Detroit Tigers rout the St. Louis Browns 12-0 before 5,000 fans at Briggs Stadium in Detroit. George Gill pitched an 8-hit shutout to improve his 1938 record to 12-9. St. Louis shortstop Sig Gryska played his first major league game, batting 1 for 4, making 1 putout and 3 assists.

Thornton Lee allowed 16 hits and 11 earned runs, but managed a complete game victory to improve his record for the season to 13-11 as the Chicago White Sox beat the Clevland Indians 14-11 before 1,500 fans at League Park in Cleveland. The White Sox scored 5 runs in both the 1st and 5th innings, and every man in the Chicago lineup had at least 1 hit and scored at least 1 run, and every Chicago player except Luke Appling drove in at least 1 run. Oscar Grimes made his major league debut with the Indians, making an out as a pinch hitter in the 9th inning.

75 years ago
1943


Died on this date
Sam Ruben, 29
. U.S. chemist. Dr. Ruben, born Charles Rubenstein, worked under Ernest O. Lawrence at the University of California. He was doing research on the poisonous gas phosgene during World War II, and died the day after being exposed to it during a laboratory accident.

War
Escaped prisoner of war and German U-boat ace Wolfgang Heyda was captured at Maisonnette Point, New Brunswick while attempting a rendezvous with German submarine U-536 in Chaleur Bay. Ernest F. Lehritz and Erwin H. De Spretter both received 30-year prison sentences in a U.S. federal court in Brooklyn for espionage on behalf of Germany. Allied forces broke through the German mountain defenses southeast of Naples, taking the naval bases of Castellemmare di Stabia.

70 years ago
1948


At the movies
Louisiana Story, a docu-drama commissioned by the Standard Oil Company and directed by Robert Flaherty, opened in theatres.

Defense
The defense ministers of the United Kingdom, France, Belgium, Netherlands, and Luxembourg agreed in Paris to establish a Permanent Defense Organization for Western Europe.

Politics and government
The Pakistani government began a round up of Communist leaders.

Economics and finance
The International Monetary Fund approved a $6-million loan to Czechoslovakia for food purchases; t was the first IMF loan made to a Communist government.

Football
CRU
IRFU
Hamilton (1-4) 6 @ Montreal (2-3) 36

60 years ago
1958


Died on this date
Jimmy Reece, 28
. U.S. auto racing driver. Mr. Reece competed in the USAC championship series, and raced in the Indianapolis 500 six times from 1952-1958, with a best finish of sixth in 1958. He was killed in a crash on the last lap of a race at Trenton Speedway in Trenton, New Jersey.

Politics and government
Voters in a referendum in France approved the Gaullist constitution by a 4-1 margin.

Baseball
Little World Series
Montreal Royals 2 @ Minneapolis Millers 3 (Minneapolis led best-of-seven series 3-0)

Tom Hurd entered the game in relief in the 8th inning and worked out of a bases-loaded jam and then pitched a scoreless 9th inning to preserve the victory at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Harper Valley P.T.A.--Jeannie C. Riley

#1 single in France: Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Azzurro--Adriano Celentano (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Help Yourself--Tom Jones (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Hey Jude--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Hey Jude--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Hey Jude--The Beatles

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Hey Jude--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)
2 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
--Sandie Shaw
3 Rain and Tears--Aphrodite's Child
4 I've Gotta Get a Message to You--The Bee Gees
5 Don't You Cry for a Girl--The Shoes
6 Dong-Dong-Di-Ki-Di-Gi-Dong--Golden Earrings
7 I Say a Little Prayer--Aretha Franklin
8 Street Fighting Man--The Rolling Stones
9 On the Road Again--Canned Heat
10 Ich Bau' Dir Ein Schloss--Heintje

Singles entering the chart were Girl of Independent Means by the Honeybus (#34); Lucy Brown is Back in Town by Shocking Blue (#36); Need Your Love So Bad by Fleetwood Mac (#37); and Window of My Eyes by Cuby + Blizzrds (#39).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Hey Jude--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)
2 Harper Valley P.T.A.--Jeannie C. Riley
3 1,2,3, Red Light--1910 Fruitgum Company
4 Hush--Deep Purple
5 People Got to Be Free--The Rascals
6 I've Gotta Get a Message to You--The Bee Gees
7 The Fool on the Hill--Sergio Mendes & Brasil '66
8 You're All I Need to Get By--Marvin Gaye & Tammi Terrell
9 Fire--The Crazy World of Arthur Brown
10 Magic Bus--The Who

Singles entering the chart were White Room by Cream (#70); Lalena by Donovan (#74); Puffin' on Down the Track by Hugh Masakela (#75); A Little Less Conversation by Elvis Presley (#77); Do the Choo Choo by Archie Bell & the Drells (#81); Up-Hard by Willie Mitchell (#87); Horse Fever by Cliff Nobles & Co. (#94); Court of Love by the Unifics (#96); Sunday Sun by Neil Diamond (#99); and Soul Drippin' by the Mauds (#100). A Little Less Conversation was a version of the song Mr. Presley performed in the movie Live a Little, Love a Little (1968).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Revolution--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)
2 Harper Valley P.T.A.--Jeannie C. Riley
3 I've Gotta Get a Message to You--The Bee Gees
4 1,2,3, Red Light--1910 Fruitgum Company
5 Happy Feeling--The Happy Feeling
6 On the Road Again--Canned Heat
7 Do it Again--The Beach Boys
8 Down at Lulu's--Ohio Express
9 Magic Bus--The Who
10 Sunshine of Your Love--Cream
Pick hit of the week: Over You--Gary Puckett and the Union Gap

Energy
British Columbia Premier W. A. C. Bennett opened Dr. Gordon M. Shrum Powerhouse at the $485- million Peace River hydro-electric project in Hudson Hope, B.C.

Disasters
19 people were killed in a fireworks factory explosion in Madras, India.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (5-3-1) 30 @ Montreal (3-5) 20
Hamilton (4-4) 31 @ Edmonton (4-6-1) 7

Russ Jackson completed touchdown passes of 6 and 26 yards to Margene Adkins and recently-acquired linebacker Jerry Campbell returned a fumble 3 yards for another TD to help the Rough Riders beat the Alouettes before 15,000 fans at Autostade.

Allen Smith rushed for 2 touchdowns and Willie Bethea rushed 2 yards for another TD as the Tiger-Cats easily beat the Eskimos before 21,500 fans at Clarke Stadium. Former Eskimo star Tommy-Joe Coffey, in his first regular season game back in Edmonton since being traded in 1967, scored 3 converts, 3 field goals, and a single. Recently-acquired quarterback Corey Colehour threw his first CFL touchdown pass, an 11-yard strike to Garry Lefebvre for the only Edmonton major score.

CIAU
WCIAA
Manitoba (0-1) 6 @ Alberta (1-0) 42

Middle linebacker Dave Wray blocked a punt and returned it for a touchdown, and defensive back Dale Schulha returned a fumble 75 yards for the next touchdown as the Golden Bears took a 14-0 1st-quarter lead and routed the Bisons at Varsity Stadium in Edmonton before a stadium record crowd of 7,213. Gil Mather's 74-yard punt return set up Ludwig Daubner's 1-yard touchdown rush, with Dave Benbow's third convert giving the Golden Bears a 21-0 halftime lead. Terry Lampert threw 2 touchdown passes to Ron Finch in the 3rd quarter, both converted by Mr. Benbow. Backup quarterback Dan McCaffery completed a 41-yard pass to Mr. Mather, and then rushed 5 yards for a touchdown on the last play of the game, with no convert attempted. Val Schneider scored the other Alberta point on a 58-yard punt single.

Baseball
Joe Pepitone led off the top of the 9th inning with a home run to break a 3-3 tie as the New York Yankees rallied for 4 runs in the last 3 innings to defeat the Boston Red Sox 4-3 before 25,534 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. New York first baseman Mickey Mantle popped out to shortstop Rico Petrocelli in the top of the 1st, and was replaced at first base by Andy Kosco in the bottom of the 1st in the 2,401st and last game of his 18-year Hall of Fame career. Rocky Colavito struck out as a pinch hitter for the Yankees to end the 7th inning in the 1,841st and last game of his 14-year major league career.

Jack Fisher pitched a no-hitter for 6 1/3 innings, but was the losing pitcher as the California Angels edged the Chicago White Sox 1-0 before 8,344 fans at Anaheim Stadium. The only run scored in the bottom of the 7th inning when Jay Johnstone led off with a base on balls, advanced to second base on a sacrifice bunt by Jim Fregosi, and scored on a single by Roger Repoz. Marty Pattin pitched 7 scoreless innings to get the win.

Mike Epstein tripled home Ed Stroud with 1 out and scored on a single by pinch hitter Hank Allen with 2 out as the Washington Senators scored 2 runs in the top of the 9th inning to defeat the Detroit Tigers 2-1 before 18,393 fans at Tiger Stadium. Denny McLain started on the mound for Detroit and allowed 2 hits in 7 innings, leaving with a 1-0 lead and also batting 2 for 2; Don McMahon relieved him and took the loss. Jon Warden relieved Mr. McMahon and allowed 1 hit in 1/3 inning in the 28th and last game of his major league career.

The Los Angeles Dodgers scored 3 runs in the top of the 9th inning to break a 1-1 tie and defeat the Atlanta Braves 4-2 before 6,095 fans at Atlanta Stadium. The Braves scored a run in the bottom of the 9th and had runners on first and second bases with 2 out, but pinch hitter Deron Johnson struck out to end the game.

Ron Santo, Willie Smith, and Adolfo Phillips hit home runs for the Chicago Cubs as they edged the Pittsburgh Pirates 4-3 before 10,940 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Ferguson Jenkins allowed 11 hits in pitching a complete game in reaching the 20-win mark for the second straight season. Pittsburgh center fielder Matty Alou batted 4 for 4 with a double, run, and run batted in.

The Houston Astros scored 3 runs in the top of the 9th inning and defeated the St. Louis Cardinals 3-2 before 21,502 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. Houston catcher Dave Adlesh batted 3 for 3 with a base on balls, making 7 putouts, in the 106th and last game of his 6-year major league career.

40 years ago
1978


On television tonight
Family, on ABC
Tonight's episode: All for Love

Died on this date
John Paul I, 65
. Roman Catholic Pope, 1978. John Paul I, born Alberto Luciani, was ordained a priest in 1935, becoming a bishop in 1958 and a cardinal in 1973. He was known for his writings, which expressed Roman Catholic teaching in a way that could be understood by common people. Cardinal Luciani was elected on the fourth ballot of the conclave to determine a successor to Pope Paul VI, and took the name John Paul I, in honour of his predecessors John XXIII and Paul VI. He declined a coronation in favour of a papal inauguration, wearing a mitre instead of a tiara. Pope John Paul I was found in bed early in the morning of September 29, dead of an apparent heart attack. A Vatican doctor determined that the pontiff had died late on the night of September 28, 33 days into his papacy, and two weeks before his 66th birthday. Pope John Paul had reportedly issued orders hours before his death to dismiss certain shady individuals associated with the Vatican, and those orders were never carried out by his successor, John Paul II. Conspiracy theories abound concerning the amazingly timely death of Pope John Paul I.

Politics and government
Defense Minister P.W. Botha took office as Prime Minister of South Africa, succeeding John Vorster, who had resigned because of ill health.

Energy
The World Energy Conference opened in Banff, Alberta.

Football
CIAU
Alberta (3-1) 15 @ Manitoba (0-4) 7

Rick Paulitsch rushed for a touchdown in each half and the Bisons committed 7 turnovers as the Golden Bears won before about 50-75 fans on a cold, wet afternoon at Pan-Am Stadium in Winnipeg.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): The Only Way is Up--Yazz and the Plastic Population (2nd week at #1)

Baseball
With 2 out and nobody on base in the bottom of the 16th inning, Carmelo Martinez drew a base on balls and Mark Parent followed with a home run to give the San Diego Padres a 2-1 win over the Los Angeles Dodgers before 22,596 fans at Jack Murphy-San Diego Stadium. Orel Hershiser started on the mound for Los Angeles and pitched 10 scoreless innings, allowing just 4 hits as he extended his scoreless inning streak to 59, 1/3 inning more than previous major league record holder Don Drysdale, who had accomplished the feat in 1968.

Dion James doubled with 1 out and nobody on base in the bottom of the 17th inning and pinch hitter Andres Thomas followed with a single to score Mr. James with the winning run as the Atlanta Braves edged the Houston Astros 4-3 before 2,822 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium. It was the last major league game for Houston pitcher Jeff Heathcock and pinch hitter Steve Henderson, and for Atlanta pinch runner Jerry Royster and pinch hitter Jim Morrison.

Jimmy Key pitched a 2-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Bruce Hurst as the Toronto Blue Jays edged the Boston Red Sox 1-0 before 34,873 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. The only run, unearned, was scored in the top of the 8th inning when Rob Ducey led off with a base on balls, stole second base with 1 out and advanced to third base on a throwing error by Boston catcher Rich Gedman, and scored on a sacrifice fly by Kelly Gruber. Mr. Hurst pitched a 5-hit complete game.

Bob Milacki pitched a 3-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Lee Guetterman as the Baltimore Orioles shut out the New York Yankees 2-0 before 15,737 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore.

25 years ago
1993


Died on this date
Peter De Vries, 83
. U.S. author. Mr. De Vries wrote for The New Yorker magazine from 1944-1987. His novels, which combined comedy and tragedy and were influenced by his Calvinist upbringing, included The Tunnel of Love (1954); The Blood of the Lamb (1961); Reuben, Reuben (1964); and Witch's Milk (1968).

Alexander Drabik, 82. U.S. soldier. Sergeant Drabik was the first American soldier to cross the Rhine River into Germany on March 7, 1945. His unit had order to seize and the Ludendorff Bridge near Remagen, and Sgt. Drabik ran across the bridge while the German forces were attempting to detonate it. Sgt. Drabik was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross for his action.

Business
Bell Canada announced a major restructuring that was expected to cut 10% of its 46,000-member workforce.

Baseball
The Montreal Expos scored all their runs in the 4th inning as they held on to defeat the Florida Marlins 3-2 before 27,017 fans at Joe Robbie Stadium in Miami. Dennis Martinez allowed 4 hits and 2 earned runs in 7 2/3 innings to improve his 1993 record to 15-9, becoming the second pitcher in major league history, after Jim Bunning, to win at least 100 games in each major league.

Kirby Puckett doubled home Chuck Knoblauch with 1 out and scored on a single by Dave Winfield with 2 out as the Minnesota Twins rallied for 2 runs in the bottom of the 9th inning to defeat the California Angels 2-1 before 15,091 fans at Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis. Winning pitcher Kevin Tapani and losing pitcher Mark Langston each pitched complete games.

Mike Greenwell, John Valentin, and Jeff McNeely each had 3 hits to help the Boston Red Sox defeat the Detroit Tigers 11-6 in the first game of a doubleheader before 24,446 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Pinch hitter Skeeter Barnes singled home Alan Trammell with 2 out in the top of the 11th to break a 6-6 tie as the Tigers won the second game 7-6.

20 years ago
1998


Health
Canadian Blood Services and Héma-Quebec officially took control of Canada's $350-million-a-year blood system from the Canadian Red Cross.

10 years ago
2008


Space
Shenzhou 7, the third manned mission of the Chinese space program, landed in Siziwang Banner in Inner Mongolia to conclude a three-day flight. The three-man crew was commanded by Zhai Zhigang.

SpaceX's Falcon 1 became the first privately-developed liquid-fuel ground-launched vehicle to put a payload into orbit. The launch took place in Kwajalein Atoll in the Marshall Islands.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (8-5) 12 @ Montreal (9-4) 37

Anthony Calvillo threw 3 touchdown passes and Avon Cobourne rushed 17 times for 125 yards and a touchdown to help the Alouettes defeat the Roughriders before a capacity crowd of 20,202 at Molson Stadium.

Saturday, 29 September 2018

September 27, 2018

1,210 years ago
808


Born on this date
Ninmyō
. Emperor of Japan, 833-850. Ninmyō, born Masara, was the second son of Emperor Saga, and acceded to the throne following the abdication of his uncle Junna. He died on May 6, 850 at the age of 41, and was succeeded as Emperor by his son Montoku.

180 years ago
1838


Born on this date
Lawrence Sullivan Ross
. C.S. military officer and U.S. politician. Mr. Ross was a Texas Ranger who became a general in the army of the Confederate States of America in the U.S. Civil War. He served as Governor of Texas from 1887-1891. Mr. Ross died on January 3, 1898 at the age of 59.

160 years ago
1858


Transportation
The Grand Trunk Railway was completed to London, Canada West from Stratford.

130 years ago
1888


Vancouverana
Mayor David Oppenheimer officially opened the 1,001-acre Stanley Park at a ceremony on Prospect Point, with a 20-piece marching band, a parade which stretched as far as Powell Street, and the attendance of dignitaries from all levels of government and industry, including provincial secretary John Robson and Canadian Pacific Railway superintendent Harry Abbott. The park was named for Canadian Governor General Lord Stanley, who officially dedicated it n October 29, 1889. The peninsula was designated as a military reserve in the early 1860s in a survey conducted by the Royal Engineers.

Baseball
Ed Crane pitched a no-hitter for the New York Giants as they defeated the Washington Senators 3-0 at the Polo Grounds in New York in a game that was called because of darkness after 7 innings.

120 years ago
1898


Born on this date
Vincent Youmans
. U.S. songwriter. Mr. Youmans wrote the music for songs for numerous Broadway musicals; his songs included Tea for Two. Mr. Youmans died on April 5, 1946 at the age of 47 after a long battle with tuberculosis.

Died on this date
Thomas Joseph Byrnes, 37
. Australian politician. Mr. Byrnes was a barrister who was a member of the Queensland Legislative Council (1890-1893), and represented Cairns (1893) and Warwick (1893-1896) in the Queensland Legislative Assembly, serving as Premier of Queensland from April 13, 1898 until his death from measles and pneumonia, after less than six months in office.

110 years ago
1908


Transportation
Production of the Ford Model T automobile began at the Piquette Avenue Plant in Detroit.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Martin Ryle
. U.K. astronomer. Sir Martin was a radio astronomer who developed radio telescope systems, enabling him to observe the most distant known galaxies. He and Anthony Hewish shared the 1974 Nobel Prize in Physics "for their pioneering research in radio astrophysics: Ryle for his observations and inventions, in particular of the aperture synthesis technique, and Hewish for his decisive role in the discovery of pulsars." Sir Martin was Astronomer Royal from 1972-1982, and devoted his later years to warning of the dangers of the irresponsible use of science. He died on October 14, 1984, 16 days after his 66th birthday.

War
General Sir Arthur Currie led Canadian Corps troops in a three-day offensive against the Canal du Nord, outflanking the last section of the Germans' defensive Hindenburg Line.

90 years ago
1928


Music
Glen Gray's Casa Loma Orchestra was in New York City, where they recorded the song Under a Blanket of Blue, with Kenny Sargeant on vocals.

Diplomacy
The United States extended de jure recognition to the Nationalist Chinese government, following the treaty on July 25 granting China tariff autonomy on a most-favored nation basis.

Americana
Thomas Edison turned the first spade of earth at a site in Dearborn, Michigan where a museum commemorating his inventions would be erected.

80 years ago
1938


Transportation
The British ocean liner RMS Queen Elizabeth was launched in Glasgow.

Football
WIFU-U.S. college
Exhibition
Minnesota State Teachers College 0 @ Winnipeg 20

The game at Osborne Stadium was played entirely under American rules.

75 years ago
1943


War
U.K. forces occupied the southeastern Italian air and rail centre of Foggia without opposition. U.S.S.R. troops captured the Nizhne-Deprovsk suburb of Dnepopetrovsk on the east bank of the Dnieper River.

Diplomacy
The Argentine Foreign Office announced that closer relations would be sought with the United Kingdom.

Defense
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt asked Congress to appropriate an additional $750 million for the Navy.

70 years ago
1948


On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis, on MBS

Died on this date
Harlan Bushfield, 66
. U.S. politician. Mr. Bushfield, a Republican, was Governor of South Dakota from 1939-1943 and represented South Dakota in the United States Senate from 1943 until his death from the effects of a stroke the previous year. He opposed the United Nations and reciprocal trade agreements between the United States and other countries.

Literature
Intruder in the Dust by William Faulkner was published by Random House. The Beast in Me and Other Animals by James Thurber was published by Harcourt, Brace.

Politics and government
The U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities issued a report claiming widespread Communist infiltration of the atomic bomb project during World War II, and demanding prosecution of five scientists associated with nuclear weapons development. Former U.S. State Department employee Alger Hiss filed a $50,000 libel suit in New York against former Time editor Whittaker Chambers, charging that Mr. Chambers had slandered him by calling him a former Communist.

Society
A U.S. federal district court in Baltimore ruled that segregation in southern railroad diners was permissible under federal law if Negroes were given the same service as white passengers.

Disasters
A typhoon sank a fleet of fishing boats off the Chinese coast near Leichow, causing 800 deaths.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Patricia--Perez Prado and his Orchestra

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Der Legionär--Freddy Quinn (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): When--The Kalin Twins (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): When--The Kalin Twins (5th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Nel Blu Dipinto di Blu (Volare)--Domenico Modugno (6th week at #1)
--Dean Martin
2 It's All in the Game--Tommy Edwards
3 Bird Dog--The Everly Brothers
4 Little Star--The Elegants
5 Rock-in Robin--Bobby Day
6 Susie Darlin'--Robin Luke
7 Tea for Two Cha Cha--The Tommy Dorsey Orchestra starring Warren Covington
8 Tears on My Pillow--Little Anthony and the Imperials
9 Just a Dream--Jimmy Clanton and the Rockets
10 Patricia--Perez Prado and his Orchestra

Singles entering the chart were Gee, But it's Lonely by Pat Boone (#52); Fibbin' by Patti Page (#53); Just Young by Paul Anka (#55, charting with the version by Andy Rose); There Goes My Heart by Joni James (#57); If I Only Knew by Curt Jensen (#72); Need You by Donnie Owens (#73); Look Who's Blue by Don Gibson (#75); Come On, Let's Go by Ritchie Valens (#77); Mexican Hat Rock by the Applejacks (#83); When I Grow Too Old to Dream by Ed Townsend (#85); Whose Heart are You Breaking Now by Johnny Love and the Way Singers (#88); Tom Dooley by the Kingston Trio (#93); and Someday (You’ll Want Me to Want You) by Jodie Sands (#97). Gee, But it's Lonely was the other side of For My Good Fortune, charting at #96.

Diplomacy
Indonesia and North Vietnam announced their recognition of the Algerian government-in-exile.

Politics and government
Censorship, arrest, and seizure powers granted to Ceylonese Prime Minister Solomon Bandaranaike to quell racial strife were ended.

U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower named retired General Wilton Persons to succeed Sherman Adams as his presidential assistant.

Protest
The Committee of One Million, a group of prominent Americans headed by former United Nations delegate Warren Austin, issued a 172-page study on Communist China documenting evidence that "continuing revolt" against Communist rule smoldered throughout the People's Republic of China.

Education
Voters in Little Rock, Arkansas rejected "racial integration of all schools within the Little Rock School District" by a margin of 19,470-7,561.

Economics and finance
15 nations accounting for 80% of the world's coffee production signed an agreement in Washington to voluntarily withhold a percentage of their crops from the export market.

Disasters
27 passengers died following the wreck of the Portuguese coastal liner Arnel when their lifeboat broke up on rocks off Santa Maria Island in the Azores.

Football
CFL
IRFU
Toronto (1-6) 4 @ Ottawa (4-3) 28
Montreal (2-4-1) 29 @ Hamilton (6-0-1) 35

WIFU
British Columbia (0-9) 15 @ Calgary (5-3) 29
Saskatchewan (4-3-1) 11 @ Edmonton (5-3-1) 11

ORFU
Kitchener-Waterloo (3-3) 13 @ London (2-3) 14
Detroit (0-5) 20 @ Sarnia (6-0) 50

Ottawa quarterback Tom Dimitroff broke his leg in the 1st quarter and was replaced by rookie Russ Jackson in the Rough Riders' win over the Argonauts at Lansdowne park. Ronnie Knox, making his first appearance in a Toronto uniform, played briefly, throwing an interception and losing a fumble.

Eddie Macon returned a kickoff 95 yards for a touchdown in the 4th quarter to enable the Tiger-Cats to defeat the Alouettes before 20,000 fans at Civic Stadium. Montreal quarterback Sam Etcheverry had rallied his team from a 28-13 halftime deficit; he finished with 21 completions in 31 passes for 264 yards and touchdown passes to Joel Wells, Bo Dickinson, and Dick Hunter, while rushing for a TD of his own. 1956 Olympic decathlon champion Milt Campbell, playing his first game of Canadian football, scored 2 Hamilton touchdowns, as did Ron Howell. Hamilton quarterback Bernie Faloney completed just 7 of 21 passes, but for 208 yards. The Tiger-Cats outrushed the Alouettes 208-16.

Former New York Giant Gene Filipski, playing his first game of Canadian football, scored 2 touchdowns to help the Stampeders defeat the Lions before 14,500 fans at Mewata Stadium. Ron Clinkscale and quarterback Nobby Wirkowski scored the other Calgary TDs. B.C. quarterback George Herring threw 2 touchdown passes to Jerry Janes, one of them covering 85 yards.

Normie Kwong scored a touchdown and Joe Mobra added a convert, field goal, and single for the Eskimos as they tied the Roughriders before 12,000 rain-soaked fans at Clarke Stadium, dominating the game everywhere but the scoreboard. The Roughriders scored all their points in the 1st half on a single and field goal by Reg Whitehouse, and a 48-yard touchdown pass from Frank Tripucka to Jack Hill, converted by Mr. Hill.

Gerry Thompkins rushed for a touchdown and passed to Al Bruno for another, and Del Thachuk added a convert and a single to help the Lords edge the Dutchmen at Labatt Park. Bernie Custis and Rowland West scored K-W touchdowns, with Mike Norcia adding a convert.

J.B. Smith scored 2 touchdowns and Chuck Stanley, Mr. Sturm, Ernie White, Tom Dwinnell, and Ewart Harkins added TDs for the Golden Bears as they routed the Raiders at Norm Perry Park. Gino Cappelletti added 5 converts and a field goal for Sarnia. Tom Hunter, Mr. Frankel, and Dick Mosely scored Detroit touchdowns.

SIFL
Queen's (0-1) 13 @ McGill (1-0) 14

Baseball
Little World Series
Minneapolis Millers (AA) 7 Montreal Royals (IL) 2 (Minneapolis led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Winning pitcher Dean Stone hit a home run and drove in another run with a double to lead the Millers to victory at Jarry Park. Stu Locklin added a solo home run for Minneapolis.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): I Have Loved Me a Man--Allison Durbin

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Hey Jude/Revolution--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)
2 Fire--Arthur Brown
3 Hush--Deep Purple
4 I've Gotta Get a Message to You--The Bee Gees
5 Cinnamon--Derek
6 Time Has Come Today--The Chambers Brothers
7 1,2,3, Red Light--1910 Fruitgum Company
8 Harper Valley P.T.A.--Ricki Page
--Jeannie C. Riley
9 And Suddenly--The Cherry People
10 (The Lament of the Cherokee) Indian Reservation--Don Fardon

Singles entering the chart were Beyond the Clouds by the Poppy Family (#24); Over You by Gary Puckett and the Union Gap (#25); All Along the Watchtower by the Jimi Hendrix Experience (#29); and Hold Me Tight by Johnny Nash (#30).

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Revolution/Hey Jude--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)
2 I've Gotta Get a Message to You--The Bee Gees
3 People Got to Be Free--The Rascals
4 Harper Valley P.T.A.--Jeannie C. Riley
5 1,2,3, Red Light--1910 Fruitgum Company
6 On the Road Again--Canned Heat
7 Street Fighting Man--The Rolling Stones
8 (The Lament of the Cherokee) Indian Reservation--Don Fardon
9 The Snake--Al Wilson
10 Fire--Arthur Brown

Theatre
The American musical Hair opened at the Shaftesbury Theatre in London, the day after the Theatres Act went into effect, which ended the Lord Chamberlain's powers of censorship dating back to 1737.

Politics and government
Ernest Manning, Premier of Alberta since 1943, announced his intention to retire.

Dr. Marcelo Caetano, 62, was named Prime Minister of Portugal to succeed Antonio de Oliveira Salazar, 79, who had been in a coma since suffering a brain hemorrhage on September 16. Dr. Caetano had been assistant Prime Minister from 1955-1958.

Protest
250 students attacked the British embassy in Manila, while another demonstration on the U.S. embassy grounds protested the "insincere neutrality" of the United States concerning a dispute between the Philippines and Malaysia over the Borneo state of Sabah. The United Kingdom was supporting Malaysia.

Communications
Canadian Postmaster General Eric Kierans announced the end of Saturday mail and post office service, effective February 1, 1969.

Economics and finance
For the third time, France vetoed Britain's entry in the European Economic Community, turning down a West German interim plan to give membership to the United Kingdom.

Boxing
Shozo Saijo (17-5-2) won the World Boxing Association world featherweight title with a 15-round unanimous decision over defending champion Raul Rojas (35-3-1) at Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum. On the same card, Carlos "Teo" Cruz (37-12-2) retained his world lightweight title with a 15-round unanimous decision over Mando Ramos (22-3).

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Dreadlock Holiday--10cc (2nd week at #1)

30 years ago
1988


Died on this date
George Grant, 69
. Canadian philosopher. Professor Grant was a Canadian nationalist who attempted to synthesize Christianity and Platonism. He was best known for his book Lament for a Nation (1965), in which he deplored what he saw as Canada's eventual cultural absorption by the United States.

Politics and government
The National League for Democracy was formed by Aung San Suu Kyi and various others to help fight against dictatorship in Myanmar.

Hockey
NHL
Guy Lafleur, who had retired early in the 1984-85 season--his 14th with the club in a Hall of Fame career--signed a one-year contract with the New York Rangers.

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): What's Up?--4 Non Blondes (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Jimmy Doolittle, 96
. U.S. aviator and military officer. Mr. Doolittle was a pioneer military aviator in the 1920s who left the United States Army in 1930 and set a speed record for land planes in 1932 of 296 miles per hour. In 1940 he returned to the Army, and on April 18, 1942, led 16 B-25 bombers on a raid on five Japanese cities, including Tokyo. The Doolittle Raid was the first retaliatory air raid on the Japanese homeland after Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, and had a significant positive effect on American morale. The movie Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo (1944) was a dramatization of the raid, with Spencer Tracy playing Mr. Doolittle. Mr. Doolittle returned to reserve status in 1946 as a lieutenant general and retired from active service in 1959. In retirement he was promoted to four-star general.

War
Separatist rebels in the Georgian state of Abkhazia violated a United Nations cease-fire, seized the town of Sukhumi, and began massacring civilians. Georgian leader Eduard Scheverdnadze, who had gone to the town to bolster the defense and call for volunteers, returned to the capital of Tbilisi as thousand of refugees attempted to flee to safety.

20 years ago
1998


Died on this date
Doak Walker, 71
. U.S. football player. Mr. Walker was a halfback, kicker, and punter with the Southern Methodist University Mustangs (1945, 1947-1949), and won the Heisman Trophy in 1948 as the most outstanding college football player in the United States. He played with the Detroit Lions from 1950-1955 and helped the Lions win National Football League championships in 1952 and 1953. Mr. Walker was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1959 and the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1986. Mr. Walker died eight months after being paralyzed from the neck down in a skiing accident in Colorado. Shortly before his accident, Mr. Walker had conducted an interview by telephone with columnist Bob Greene, who claimed that Mr. Walker was the last person in the United States to achieve fame in the United States mainly on the basis of magazine covers.

Technology
The Google internet search engine retroactively claims this date as its birthday.

Football
CFL
Calgary (9-4) 22 @ Saskatchewan (4-9) 27

Reggie Slack rushed for a touchdown, passed for another, and handed off to Mike Saunders for a TD to lead the Roughriders over the Stampeders before 26,145 fans at Taylor Field in Regina.

Baseball
Mark McGwire drove in 4 runs with his 69th and 70th home runs of the season to lead the St. Louis Cardinals to a 6-3 win over the Montreal Expos before 46,110 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis.

Pinch hitter Carl Everett tripled with 1 out in the bottom of the 11th inning and scored on a sacrifice fly by Richard Hidalgo to give the Houston Astros a 4-3 win over the Chicago Cubs before 51,916 fans at the Astrodome.

Neifi Perez led off the bottom of the 9th inning with a home run to give the Colorado Rockies a 9-8 win over the San Francisco Giants before 48,028 fans at Coors Field in Denver.

Bobby Higginson broke up Roy Halliday's bid for a no-hitter with a home run with 2 out in the top of the 9th inning, but Frank Catalanotto lined out to shortstop Alex Gonzalez to end the game, and the Toronto Blue Jays defeated the Detroit Tigers 2-1 before 38,036 fans at SkyDome in Toronto, as Mr. Halliday achieved his first major league win.

10 years ago
2008


Space
Zhai Zhigang, commander of the Shenzhou 7 mission, became the first Chinese taikonaut to perform a spacewalk.

Football
CFL
Calgary (9-4) 44 @ Toronto (4-9) 16
Hamilton (2-11) 10 @ British Columbia (8-5) 40

CIS
Simon Fraser (3-2) 7 @ Regina (2-2) 31

Friday, 28 September 2018

September 26, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Jennifer Korchinski!

525 years ago
1493


World events
Pope Alexander VI issued the papal bull Dudum siquidem, the last of the Bulls of Donation, marking the beginning of the Spanish colonization of the Americas.

150 years ago
1868


Died on this date
August Ferdinand Möbius, 77
. German mathematician and astronomer. Dr. Möbius was best known for his discovery of the Möbius strip, a non-orientable two-dimensional surface with only one side when embedded in three-dimensional Euclidean space.

130 years ago
1888


Born on this date
J. Frank Dobie
. U.S. writer. Mr. Dobie wrote articles and books about Texas in the days of the open range, and helped to save Texas Longhorn cattle from extinction. He died on September 18, 1964, eight days before his 76th birthday.

T. S. Eliot. U.S.-born U.K. writer. Mr. Eliot was known for poems such as The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock (1915); The Waste Land (1922); and The Hollow Men (1925), and for plays such as Murder in the Cathedral (1935). He also wrote short stories and non-fiction, and was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1948 "for his outstanding, pioneer contribution to present-day poetry." Mr. Eliot died on January 4, 1965 at the age of 76.

100 years ago
1918


War
The Meuse-Argonne Offensive, led by General Sir Arthur Currie's Canadian Army divisions, began, lasting until the total surrender of German forces.

90 years ago
1928


Crime
Chinese pirates killed the officers of the British steamship An King near Hong Kong, robbed the passengers, looted the ship, and fled at sea with $80,000.

Disasters
Explosions in an army magazine at Fort Cabreriza, Spanish Morocco, killed 38 people and injured 200.

75 years ago
1943


War
Soviet forces in Ukraine were reported at or near the east bank of the Dnieper River along a 300-mile line from Kiev in the south to Dniepropetrovsk.

70 years ago
1948


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Stanley and Ian Martin, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Bruce-Partington Plans

Died on this date
Elmer Leifer, 55
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Leifer began his career in the minor leagues in 1915 as a pitcher, later switching to the outfield and third base. He played in 9 games with the Chicago White Sox in 1921, batting 3 for 10 with no home runs and 1 run batted in. In 1922 Mr. Leifer played with the Little Rock Travelers of the Southern Association. On May 10, he was playing center field, and collided with shortstop Travis Jackson while going for a pop fly. Mr. Jackson suffered minor injuries, but Mr. Leifer suffered a fractured skull and ended up losing his left eye. He was able to resume his career, and played in various minor leagues and tournaments through 1926. Mr. Leifer's injuries from the collision with Mr. Jackson reportedly affected him for the rest of his life, and he committed suicide with an overdose of Nembutal.

Diplomacy
The U.S.A., U.K., and France broke off talks in Moscow on Berlin, claiming that the U.S.S.R. had gone back on an earlier agreement to lift the blockade in exchange for the use of Soviet-zone currency in the city. The Western allies announced that they would place the Berlin dispute before the United Nations Security Council.

World events
Yugoslavian sources reported the execution of seven Albanian officials during a purge of pro-Tito elements in Albania.

Defense
The U.S. Air Force Association ended its second annual convention in New York after demanding the unification of the Air Force and naval aviation under a single command, and criticizing Navy plans for a carrier-based strategic bomber force.

Politics and government
The Louisiana state legislature approved the inclusion of U.S. President Harry Truman's name on the state ballot, but refused to allow him to be listed as a Democrat.

Oil
Hungary expelled two officials of the Hungarian-American Oil Company, a subsidiary of Standard Oil Company of New Jersey, on charges of sabotaging oil production.

Economics and finance
New Zealand abolished meat rationing, retaining restrictions on butter and gasoline.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Carolina Moon/Stupid Cupid--Connie Francis

Space
The U.S. Navy launched Vanguard SLV-3, a satellite carrying weather instruments, but it failed to achieve Earth orbit, marking the sixth such failure in Project Vanguard.

Politics and government
Burmese Prime Minister U Nu announced that armed forces commander General Ne Win had agreed to form a government capable of restoring stability prior to 1959 general elections.

Canadiana
John Diefenbaker became the first Prime Minister to visit the Yukon while in office; his "Northern Vision" made northern issues and development a priority.

Academia
Clark Kerr took office as President of the University of California, succeeding Robert Sproul.

Sport
The American yacht Columbia successfully defended the Americas Cup by defeating the British yacht Sceptre in four races off Newport, Rhode Island.

Football
SIFL
Western Ontario (0-1) 20 @ Toronto (1-0) 26

Tim Reid and Pete Joyce each scored 2 touchdowns for the Varsity Blues as they defeated the Mustangs before 12,593 fans at Varsity Stadium in the first Senior Intercollegiate Football League game to be played at night. Walter Adams kicked a convert and Pete Joynt added a single for Toronto. John Sloan, Lionel Conacher, Jr., and Frank Cosentino scored the UWO touchdowns, with Bill Mitchell kicking 2 converts.

Baseball
Little World Series
Minneapolis Millers (AA) 6 @ Montreal Royals (IL) 2 (Minneapolis led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Art Schult and Tom Umphlett each drove in 2 runs and Gene Mauch batted 3 for 3 with an RBI to help the Millers defeat the Royals before 8,791 fans at Jarry Park. Solly Drake hit a solo home run for Montreal. Al Schroll was the winning pitcher.

50 years ago
1968


On television tonight
Dragnet 1969, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Juvenile: DR-05



At the movies
Oliver!, directed by Carol Reed and starring Mark Lester, Jack Wild, and many others, opened in theatres.

Died on this date
Daniel Johnson, Sr., 53
. Canadian politician. Mr. Johnson, a member of the Union Nationale, represented Bagot in the Quebec Legislative/National Assembly from 1946 until his death. He became leader of the Union Nationale in 1961, and took office as Premier of Quebec after the UN won the provincial election in 1966. Mr. Johnson suffered a heart attack in July 1968, but returned to work in September, and was among the politicians who attended a banquet the night prior to a ceremony marking the completion of Hydro-Québec's Manicouagan-5 dam in Manicouagan. The next morning, Mr. Johnson was found in bed in his hotel room, dead from another heart attack. His sons Pierre-Marc and Daniel, Jr. both later served as Premier of Quebec.

Space
The U.S. Air Force launched four satellites--OV-2-5, OV-5-2, OV-5-4, LES-6--together. Two had the purpose of investigating radiation and solar flares, while another studied the effects of low-gravity on the heat transfer of fluids, and the last was an experimental tactical communications satellite. Three of the four flew in synchronous orbits.

War
Israeli Foreign Minister Abba Eban rejected a four-point U.S.S.R. plan to end the impasse between Israel and the U.A.R. as identical to a plan presented by the Soviets on November 22, 1967, which he said, called for Israeli withdrawal "without the possibility of sure and recognized frontiers."

Diplomacy
U.S. President Lyndon Johnson announced the resignation of George Ball as chief U.S. representative to the United Nations in order to join Vice President Hubert Humphrey's presidential campaign as top foreign policy adviser. Mr. Johnson designated James Russell Wiggins, 64, editor and executive vice president of The Washington Post, as Mr. Ball's successor.

Boxing
Buster Mathis (28-1) scored a technical knockout of James J. Woody (12-5) at 2:59 of the 6th round of a heavyweight bout at Madison Square Garden in New York; it was Mr. Mathis's third fight--and win--in 22 days. In another heavyweight bout on the same card, George Chuvalo (52-14-2) scored a technical knockout of Manuel Ramos (21-8-2) at 1:31 of the 5th round; it was Mr. Chuvalo's third fight--and win--in 24 days.

40 years ago
1978


On television tonight
The Paper Chase, on CBS
Tonight's episode: A Day in the Life of...



Died on this date
Manne Siegbahn, 91
. Swedish physicist. Dr. Siegbahn was awarded the 1924 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his discoveries and research in the field of X-ray spectroscopy."

Defense
The U.S. Senate approved a $35.2-billion weapons procurement bill, omitting the nuclear aircraft carrier that had provoked President Jimmy Carter's veto of the original bill. The new bill contained none of the $2.2 billion worth of weapons proposed by Mr. Carter to replace the carrier.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Labor Department reported that consumer prices had risen 0.6% in August.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Simply Irresistible--Robert Palmer (2nd week at #1)

Diplomacy
In his last address to the United Nations while he was President of the United States, Ronald Reagan was complimentary toward the body, and called for greater efforts to stop any use of chemical weapons.

Olympics
Ben Johnson of Canada was stripped of the gold medal he had won three days earlier in the men's 100-metre run and was sent back to Toronto from Seoul in disgrace after testing positive for a banned drug. He instantly went from being a Canadian hero to "that Jamaican." Also embarrassed was the Canadian newsmagazine Maclean's, which had just published its latest issue with a photo of Mr. Johnson on the cover and the headline King of Seoul.

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): What's Up?--4 Non Blondes (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: What's Up?--4 Non Blondes (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Mr. Vain--Culture Beat (5th week at #1)

Adventure
Daredevil diesel mechanic Dave Munday, 53, of Caistor Centre, Ontario, took his second plunge over Niagara Falls in a barrel, becoming the first person to make two trips over the Falls; his previous was trip in 1985.

Education
Ontario's Royal Commission on Learning began holding hearings in Thunder Bay as the province prepared to evaluate the quality of education in the face of widespread complaints.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (9-4) 52 @ Edmonton (7-6) 14

Matt Dunigan completed 26 of 43 passes for 429 yards and 3 touchdowns as the Blue Bombers handed the Eskimos their worst defeat ever at Commonwealth Stadium. There were 30,972 fans in attendance for at least part of the game, but most left long before it was over. Gerald Wilcox, David Williams, and Allan Boyko caught TD passes for Winnipeg. Chris Johnstone rushed for a touchdown, Nathaniel Bolton returned a punt 71 yards for another, and Greg Battle returned a fumble 42 yards for another Winnipeg TD. Lucius Floyd and Gary Morris scored Edmonton touchdowns. Mr. Floyd scored on a 1-yard rush with 3 seconds remaining in the 1st half and the Eskimos trailing 28-0.

20 years ago
1998


Died on this date
Betty Carter, 69
. U.S. singer. Miss Carter was a jazz singer known for her scat singing and improvisational skills in a career spanning 50 years. She performed with artists such as Lionel Hampton, Ray Charles, and Sonny Rollins. Miss Carter died of pancreatic cancer.

Football
CFL
Toronto (8-5) 30 @ Edmonton (7-6) 29
Hamilton (9-3-1) 31 @ British Columbia (4-9) 34

Former Eskimo Kerwin Bell passed for 501 yards and 2 touchdowns, and Derrell "Mookie" Mitchell tied Terry Greer's record, set in 1983, of catching 16 passes in a game as the Argonauts took a 28-7 lead and barely held on to beat the Eskimos before 31,923 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Edmonton quarterback David Archer completed 20 of 30 passes for 293 yards and touchdowns of 47 and 21 yards to Don Blair, and rushed for a touchdown of his own.

Juan Johnson rushed for 123 yards and 3 touchdowns to help the Lions edge the Tiger-Cats before 12,256 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver to end a 5-game losing streak.

CIAU
Manitoba (0-3) 19 @ Saskatchewan (3-0) 37
Calgary (2-2) 17 @ Alberta (0-3) 15

10 years ago
2008


Aviation
Swiss pilot and inventor Yves Rossy flew a wingpack powered by jet engines across the English Channel.

Crime
A Commission of inquiry into the case of David Milgaard, who had spent 23 years in prison for a murder he did not commit, issues its report, concluding that the criminal justice system had failed Mr. Milgaard, since Saskatoon Police got a tip while he was in jail that could have led to the real killer if followed up. The commission also recommended that the government of Canada create an independent body to review allegations of wrongful conviction.

Energy
The Newfoundland and Labrador government signed a deal with the Innu to build a hydroelectric project on the Lower Churchill River; it gave aboriginal ownership a stake and redressed the lack of input when the existing Upper Churchill project was built in the 1960s.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (7-6) 23 @ Winnipeg (5-8) 30

Fred Reid rushed 4 yards for a touchdown and Kevin Glenn completed a 2-point convert pass to Jamie Stoddard with 1:14 remaining in regulation time to give the Blue Bombers their win over the Eskimos before 29,794 fans at Canad Inns Stadium. The winning score came 2:20 after Ricky Ray had thrown a 44-yard touchdown pass to Fred Stamps, with Noel Prefontaine's convert giving the Eskimos a 23-22 lead. Mr. Glenn completed touchdown passes of 31 yards to Milt Stegall and 73 yards to Arjei Franklin within a span of 1 minute 19 seconds in the last 1:37 of the 1st half. Jason Armstead scored the other Winnipeg TD on an 84-yard punt return in the 3rd quarter. Mr. Ray completed 36 of 43 passes for 434 yards, including a 13-yard touchdown to Maurice Mann in the 3rd quarter. Edmonton running back Ron McClendon rushed 6 times for 26 yards and a touchdown and caught 7 passes for 62 yards in the 19th and last game of his 4-year CFL career.

CIS
Alberta (1-4) 12 @ Saskatchewan (3-1) 35
British Columbia (2-3) 11 @ Calgary (3-2) 24

Wednesday, 26 September 2018

September 25, 2018

525 years ago
1493


Exploration
Christopher Columbus set sail from Cadiz, Spain, with a flotilla of 17 ships on his second voyage to the Western Hemisphere.

280 years ago
1738


Born on this date
Nicholas Van Dyke
. U.S. politician. Mr. Van Dyke was a Continental Congressman from Delaware from 1777-1782 and President of Delaware from 1783-1786. He died on February 19, 1789 at the age of 50.

150 years ago
1868


Disasters
The Russian frigate Alexander Nevsky was wrecked off the coast of Jutland, but the only fatalities were five sailors who had taken a lifeboat in an attempt to get help. Among the survivors was Grand Duke Alexei, son of Czar Aleksandr II.

90 years ago
1928


Died on this date
W.L. Cornelius
. U.S. military aviator. Lieutenant Cornelius was killed in a mid-air collision of Army planes at San Diego.

Politics and government
A joint session of the Mexican Congress voted unanimously--with 277 votes cast--to elect Emilio Portas Gil, 37, as provisional President of the Mexican Republic, with his term to run from December 1, 1928-February 5, 1930. Extraordinary elections for a consitutional President were to be held at the end of November 1929, and the President then elected would serve for the balance of the full term of six years ending November 30, 1934.

Scandal
The trial of former Queens, New York Borough President Maurice Connolly and former borough engineer Frederick Seely began in Long Island City, New York. The two were charged with conspiracy to defraud New York City in the letting of contracts involving the expenditure of $29.5 million in public funds for sewer construction during the past few years.

80 years ago
1938


On the radio
Mercury Theatre on the Air, starring Orson Welles
Tonight's episode: The Immortal Sherlock Holmes

This episode was adapted from William Gillette's play Sherlock Holmes (1899).

75 years ago
1943


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Sunday, Monday or Always--Bing Crosby and the Ken Darby Singers (3rd week at #1)

Theatre
The Skin of Our Teeth by Thornton Wilder closed at the Plymouth Theatre on Broadway in New York after 359 performances.

War
Soviet troops captured Roslavi and Smolensk, Germany's greatest Russian base. In hard fighting in Italy, American forces pushed the Germans back, reaching some mountain positions guarding the plain of Naples.

Diplomacy
Japan recognized the incorporation of the northern territory of the Shan States into Burma.

Politics and government
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced the resignation of Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles, and the appointment of Edward Stettinius as his successor.

Football
WCASRFL
Winnipeg RCAF (1-0) 10 @ Regina (0-1) 2

Andy Branigan scored 2 touchdowns for the Bombers as they beat the All-Services Roughriders at Parc de Young in the first game of the Western Canada Armed Services Rugby Football League.

70 years ago
1948


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard) (Best Seller): Twelfth Street Rag--Pee Wee Hunt and his Orchestra (5th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 It's Magic--Doris Day (2nd week at #1)
--Dick Haymes and Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra
--Tony Martin
--Gordon MacRae
2 My Happiness--The Pied Pipers
--Ella Fitzgerald
--Jon and Sondra Steele
3 A Tree in the Meadow--Margaret Whiting
4 You Call Everybody Darlin'--Al Trace and the Revelers
--Anne Vincent
--Jack Smith and the Clark Sisters
--The Andrews Sisters
5 Twelfth Street Rag--Pee Wee Hunt and his Orchestra
6 Underneath the Arches--Primo Scala’s Banjo and Accordian Orchestra with the Keynotes
--The Andrews Sisters
7 Love Somebody--Doris Day and Buddy Clark
8 Cool Water--Vaughn Monroe and the Sons of the Pioneers
9 Rambling Rose--Perry Como and the Satisfiers
10 Hair of Gold, Eyes of Blue--Gordon MacRae and the Starlighters
--Jerry Murad's Harmonicats
--Jack Emerson

Singles entering the chart were Buttons and Bows by Dinah Shore and the Happy Valley Boys (#35); At the Flying "W" by Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters (#36); and This is the Moment, with versions by Jo Stafford; and Tony Martin and the Lyttle Sisters (#40). Buttons and Bows was the first recorded version of a song from the movie The Paleface (1948).

Died on this date
Stan Mauldin, 27
. U.S. football player. Mr. Mauldin was a tackle at the University of Texas before serving in World War II. He joined the Chicago Cardinals in 1946, and helped them win the National Football League championship in 1947. Mr. Mauldin helped the Cardinals defeat the Philadelphia Eagles 24-21 in the first game of the 1948 regular season, but after the game he complained of a headache and then collapsed. The heart specialist who attempted to revive Mr. Mauldin said that he died either of a hemorrhage at the base of the skull or a massive coronary attack. The Cardinals retired Mr. Mauldin's jersey #77.

Defense
U.S. Air Force Secretary Stuart Symington revealed at a New York convention of the Air Force Association that a U.S. military plane had flown "hundreds of miles faster than the speed of sound."

Politics and government
Pro-American Navy Minister and acting Foreign Minister Admiral Fidel Anadon resigned from the Argentine cabinet of President Juan Peron.

Economics and finance
U.S. and U.K. military governors in Germany proposed a halt to the dismantling of German factories for reparations in exchange for a reduction in Marshall Plan aid to Germany.

Italy and France agreed to abolish customs barriers at the start of 1950.

Football
IRFU
Toronto (3-2) 5 @ Ottawa (4-1) 12

WIFU
Saskatchewan (1-6) 12 @ Calgary (6-0) 13

ORFU
Windsor (0-3) 2 @ Sarnia (1-2) 6

Howie Turner completed a 32-yard touchdown pass to Brian Lynch on a fake field goal late in the 3rd quarter and Bob Paffrath threw a 72-yard TD pass to Pete Karpuk in the 4th quarter to help the Rough Riders defeat the Argonauts before 17,000 fans at Lansdowne Park.

Woody Strode and Harry Hood scored touchdowns for the Stampeders, both converted by Fred Wilmot, and Keith Spaith's single proved to be the difference, as the Stampeders edged the Roughriders at Mewata Stadium. Mr. Pyne and Ken Charlton scored Saskatchewan TDs, both converted by Gabe Patterson.

Hank Galloway and Dutch Davie kicked field goals for the Imperials as they defeated the Rockets for their first win in two years. The Rockets appeared headed for a touchdown late in the game when Johnny Dengel passed to Bob Wylopek for a 40-yard gain, but Mr. Wylopek lateralled to Mike Geary at the Sarnia 7-yard line, and he fumbled, with Sarnia recovering.

ORFU-university
Exhibition
Toronto Beaches Indians 7 University of Toronto 7

Canadian university
Pre-season
Queen's (1-0) 33 @ McMaster (0-1) 1
Ottawa (0-1) 0 @ McGill (1-0) 37
Western Ontario (1-0) 35 Ontario Agricultural College (0-1) 3

60 years ago
1958


Died on this date
John B. Watson, 80
. U.S. psychologist. Dr. Watson was the father of behaviourism, emphasizing behaviour rather than mental processes, teaching that behaviours are responses to certain stimuli, or a consequence of the individual's history, especially reward and punishment. Dr. Watson's best-known book was Psychological Care of Infant and Child (1928). His own results in child-rearing were less than successful: his daughter by his first wife attempted suicide, and both sons by his second wife attempted suicide, with one of them succeeding.

Shahed Ali Patwary, 59. Pakistani politician. Mr. Ali, deputy speaker of the East Pakistan Provincial Assembly, died in Dacca, two days after being hit in the head by a piece of wood thrown at him by an opposition member during a disorderly assembly meeting.

Politics and government
Lebanese Prime Minister Rashid Karami pledged in his inaugural address to the Lebanese people that U.S. forces would be out of Lebanon by the end of October 1958.

Labour
A 17-day strike by 5,000 United Fruit Company workers at Guatemala's Tiquisate plantation ended when both parties agreed to extend their 1955 contract for another three years.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Help Yourself--Tom Jones (2nd week at #1)
2 Dream a Little Dream of Me--Mama Cass
3 Do it Again--The Beach Boys
4 MacArthur Park--Richard Harris
5 I've Gotta Get a Message to You/Kitty Can--The Bee Gees
6 Classical Gas--Mason Williams
7 Harper Valley P.T.A.--Jeannie C. Riley
8 Indian Lake--The Cowsills
9 The Orange and the Green/(The Puppet Song) Whiskey on a Sunday--The Irish Rovers
10 Abergavenny--Marty Wilde

Singles entering the chart were Harper Valley P.T.A. by Bobbi Martin (#29); Biplane Ever More/Liverpool Lou by the Irish Rovers (#31); and Light My Fire (EP) by Jose Feliciano (#37).

Died on this date
Hans F.K. Günther, 77
. German eugenicist. Dr. Günther was a professor at the Universities of Jena (1930-1935) and Berlin (1935-1940) and Albert Ludwigs University (1940-1945). He advocated Nordic superiority in books such as Rassenkunde des deutschen Volkes (Racial Science of the German People) (1922) and Kleine Rassenkunde des deutschen Volkes (A Short Ethnology of the German People) (1928), which greatly influenced Adolf Hitler. Dr. Günther joined the Nazi Party in 1932, and was the only leading racial theorist to join the party before the Nazis took power in 1933. He served three years in internment camps after World War II, but was ruled to be not an instigator of Nazi crimes. Dr. Günther maintained his racial views until his death.

Cornell Woolrich, 64. U.S. author. Cornell George Hopley-Woolrich, who sometimes wrote under the names George Hopley and William Irish, was perhaps the premier author of noir fiction. Many of his short stories and novels have been adapted into radio and television programs, and movies such as Phantom Lady (1944) and Rear Window (1954). Mr. Woolrich died after years of declining health, which included diabetes and the amputation of a leg.

Energy
Québec Premier Daniel Johnson, Sr. flipped a switch to start electricity generation at Hydro Québec's Manicouagan-5 power dam at Manicouagan, Québec.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Kimi no Hitomi wa 10,000 Volt--Takao Horiuchi (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Rivers of Babylon--Boney M. (5th week at #1)

Disasters
144 people were killed when a Pacific Southwest Airlines Flight 182, a Boeing 727 jetliner, collided in midair with a private Cessna 172 over San Diego. All 137 people aboard the two planes were killed, and 13 people on the ground were killed when struck by debris from the crash, making it the worst air disaster in American history. The 727 was banking for a landing turn into San Diego's Lindbergh Field when it was struck in the wing by the Cessna, which was apparently planning landing approaches.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Cecilia--Times Two (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Hand in Hand--Koreana (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Billy Carter, 51
. U.S. businessman. Mr. Carter was the younger brother of Jimmy Carter, the 39th President of the United States of America (1977-1981). Billy upheld the presidential tradition of the colourful or disreputable brother. During Jimmy Carter's presidency, Billy marketed Billy Beer, which soon went out of business. In the late 1970s Billy Carter registered as an agent of the Libyan government, which led to a U.S. Senate investigation. Billy Carter died of pancreatic cancer.

Politics and government
U.S. Vice President and Republican Party presidential candidate George Bush and Massachusetts Governor and Democratic Party presidential candidate Michael Dukakis engaged in a nationally-televised "debate" at Wake Forest University in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. Mr. Dukakis accused Mr. Bush of questioning his patriotism, and said that Mr. Bush would "brand a woman a criminal" if she chose to have an abortion. Mr. Bush defended the sanctity of life.



Medicine
A surgical team in Toronto performed the first human sciatic nerve transplant, on a 9-year-old boy.

Olympics
Matt Biondi of the United States won his fifth gold medal at the Summer Olympic Games in Seoul when he swam the butterfly leg of the men's 4 x 100-metre medley relay event.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (8-4) 22 @ Toronto (8-4) 35
Hamilton (7-5) 24 @ Saskatchewan (8-4) 26

Toronto defensive tackle Rodney Harding set a CFL single-game record with 5 quarterback sacks as the Argonauts defeated the Eskimos at Exhibition Stadium. The Eskimos' offensive highlight came on their second possession in the 1st quarter, when quarterback Tracy Ham completed a short pass to Henry "Gizmo" Williams that turned into an 85-yard touchdown. Edmonton fullback Tony Spoletini rushed 1 yard for his first CFL touchdown, and Cliff Toney returned an interception for the other Eskimo TD. It was the first CFL game for Toronto wide receiver Paul Masotti.



25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: Mr. Vain--Culture Beat (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): El Gallinero--Ramírez

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): What's Up?--4 Non Blondes (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Darla dirladada--Les G.O. Cul-ture

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): What's Up?--4 Non Blondes (8th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Boom! Shake the Room--DJ Jazzy Jeff & the Fresh Prince

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Dreamlover--Mariah Carey (3rd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Dreamlover--Mariah Carey
2 If--Janet Jackson
3 Right Here/Human Nature--SWV
4 (I Can't Help) Falling in Love with You--UB40
5 The River of Dreams--Billy Joel
6 Whoomp! (There it Is)--Tag Team
7 Lately--Jodeci
8 Runaway Train--Soul Asylum
9 Will You Be There--Michael Jackson
10 Another Sad Love Song--Toni Braxton

Singles entering the chart were Two Steps Behind by Def Leppard (#42); What is Love by Haddaway (#47); I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That) by Meat Loaf (#53); Too Much Information by Duran Duran (#55); Hopelessly by Rick Astley (#57); Better than You by Lisa Keith (#59); Everybody Hurts by R.E.M. (#62); Come Baby Come by K7 (#67); Come Inside by Intro (#68); Heaven Knows by Luther VanDross (#75); Pink Cashmere by Prince (#76); and I'm in Luv by Joe (#78).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Dreamlover--Mariah Carey (2nd week at #1)
2 Rain--Madonna
3 The River of Dreams--Billy Joel
4 If--Janet Jackson
5 Runaway Train--Soul Asylum
6 Reason to Believe--Rod Stewart
7 Will You Be There--Michael Jackson
8 (I Can't Help) Falling in Love with You--UB40
9 Believe--Lenny Kravitz
10 Cryin'--Aerosmith

Singles entering the chart were Waiting for a Miracle by Marc Jordan (#82); Delicate by Terence Trent D'Arby (#83); Runaway Love by En Vogue (#89); Send Me a Lover by Taylor Dayne (#90); When There's Time (For Love) by Lawrence Gowan (#94); I'm Not Your Lover by Jann Arden (#95); and Blue Eyes by the Steve Miller Band (#96).

Scandal
Former Philippines first lady Imelda Marcos was sentenced to 18 years in prison for corruption.

Football
CFL
Toronto (2-10) 22 @ Ottawa (3-9) 30
Saskatchewan (8-5) 31 @ British Columbia (8-5) 16

Tom Burgess threw touchdown passes of 23 and 89 yards to Jock Climie and 76 yards to Stephen Jones as the Rough Riders defeated the Argonauts before 24,631 fans at Frank Clair Stadium. Shawn Daniels rushed 1 yard for the other Ottawa TD. Toronto quarterback Tracy Ham threw touchdown passes of 29 yards to Wally Zatylny and 3 yards to Manny Hazard, and Pat Jackson rushed 7 yards for the other Argonaut touchdown.

Kent Austin threw 2 touchdown passes to Don Narcisse and rushed for a TD of his own as the Roughriders beat the Lions before 31,888 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. Charles Anthony returned a fumble 92 yards for the other Saskatchewan touchdown. Cory Philpot rushed 10 yards for the only B.C. touchdown. Dave Ridgway kicked a field goal for the Roughriders, but he also had an unsuccessful attempt, ending his CFL record string of 28 consecutive field goals. Paul McCallum played his first CFL game for the Lions, replacing injured kicker Lui Passaglia, and was good on 3 of 4 field goal attempts and added a convert.

20 years ago
1998


Football
CFL
Montreal (8-4-1) 25 @ Winnipeg (2-11) 34

Eric Blount tied a league record with his second touchdown of the season on a kickoff return as he helped the Blue Bombers upset the Alouettes before 22,539 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Montreal's Mike Pringle set a record with his ninth consecutive game rushing for 100 yards or more.

10 years ago
2008


Died on this date
Derog Gioura, 76
. 23rd President of Nauru, 2003. Mr. Gioura served five different terms in the Nauruan Parliament from 1968-2004, and was a cabinet minister in the administrations of several presidents. The presidency of Nauru changed hands six times in 2003, and Mr. Gioura was acting President from March 10-20, and then as President until May 29, facilitating the path of his successor, Ludwig Scotty. Mr. Gioura died 24 days after his 76th birthday.

Space
Shenzhou 7, the third manned mission of the Chinese space program, lifted off from Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center in Inner Mongolia to begin a three-day flight. The three-man crew was commanded by Zhai Zhigang.

Terrorism
A 20-year-old man was convicted by a judge in Brampton, Ontario of conspiring in a group plot to bomb several Canadian targets, including Parliament Hill, Royal Canadian Mounted Police headquarters, and nuclear power plants. Aged 17 when he committed his alleged offenses, he became the first person in Canada convicted under the Anti-terrorism Act passed by Parliament in 2001.

Tuesday, 25 September 2018

September 24, 2018

1,250 years ago
768


Died on this date
Pepin the Short, 54
. King of the Franks, 751-768. Pepin, the youngest son of Prince Charles Martel, was the first Carolingian King of the Franks, taking full control of the throne after suppressing his brothers. He expanded the realm, and donated several cities to the papacy. Pepin the Short was succeeded by his sons Charles I--better known as Charlemagne--and Carloman I.

125 years ago
1893


Born on this date
Blind Lemon Jefferson
. U.S. musician. Lemon Henry Jefferson was one of the most popular blues singers of the 1920s, and has been called the "Father of the Texas Blues." He died at the age of 36 on December 19, 1929 at the age of 36, apparently of a heart attack, although various accounts of the circumstances exist.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Audra Lindley
. U.S. actress. Miss Lindley was best known for playing Helen Roper in the television comedy series Three's Company (1977-1979) and its spinoff, The Ropers (1979-1980). She died on October 16, 1997 at the age of 79.

Scandal
New Brunswick's "Patriotic Potato Scandal" inquiry opened in the Saint John County Court House. After almost three years of inquiry, a tale unfolded of patronage, perjury, cover-ups, incompetence, and many other forms of political corruption.

90 years ago
1928


Died on this date
Rob Roy
. U.S. presidential dog. Rob Roy, a collie, was the favourite dog of U.S. President Calvin Coolidge, and died of stomach ulcers.

80 years ago
1938


Tennis
Don Budge of the United States defeated fellow American Gene Mako 6-3, 6-8, 6-2, 6-1 to win the men's singles title at the U.S. Open Championships at Forest Hills, New York, becoming the first player to win the grand slam--Australian Open, French Open, Wimbledon, and U.S. Open--in the same year.

Football
CRU
IRFU-ORFU
Exhibition
Toronto Argonauts 2 @ Toronto Balmy Beach 7
Sarnia 13 @ Ottawa 9

ORFU-university
Exhibition
Queen's University 0 @ Montreal Nationals 5

IRFU-university
Exhibition
McGill University 14 Montreal Cubs 3

University
Exhibition
Royal Military College 0 @ University of Western Ontario 38

WIFU
Winnipeg (3-1) 17 @ Regina (3-1) 10
Calgary (2-2) 5 @ Edmonton (0-4) 3

Art Stevenson's 49-yard touchdown pass to Jeff Nicklin in the 2nd quarter helped the Blue Bombers defeat the Roughriders at Parc de Young.

The Bronks punted for 2 singles in the 4th quarter to edge the Eskimos at Clarke Stadium.

75 years ago
1943


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Missing Black Bag

War
Allied forces in Italy began their drive for Naples, inaugirating a wide flanking movement eastward from the Sorrentine Peninsula and Salerno. Three Allied columns closed in on Finschhafen.

Diplomacy
Finnish Finance Minister Vaino Tanner declared that Finland was ready to establish normal relations with the U.S.S.R. if it "could get a guarantee that we will not be threatened with permanent danger."

Argentine President General Pedro Ramirez stated that the country will adhere to its policy of "fraternal love" for American republics and "peace and friendship" for all free peoples.

Politics and government
U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill named Sir John Anderson as Chancellor of the Exchequeur--replacing the late Sir Kingsley Wood--and Lord Beaverbrook as Lord Privy Seal.

Religion
The New York Times quoted Archbishop of York Cyril Garbett as stating that "he was convinced that there was the fullest freedom of worship in the Soviet Union," and that anti-religious propaganda had been discontinued. Most Rev. Garbett had gone to the U.S.S.R. at the invitation of the Moscow Patriarchate and was greeted by the newly installed Moscow Patriarch Sergiy. Archbishop Garbett was used by Soviet dictator Josef Stalin to spread lies about religious freedom in the U.S.S.R.

Economics and finance
U.S. War Production Board Director Donald Nelson said that U.S. war production in 1943 would be 1 1/2 times the combined output of Germany and Japan and "probably twice as great" in 1944.

Banking Encyclopedia reported that bank deposits on June 30 totalled $108,444,940,000--an increase of $24 billion in one year.

Disasters
The Indian food minister announced in Calcutta that 1,292 people had died of starvation in Bengal during the week ending September 11.

70 years ago
1948


Died on this date
Warren William, 53
. U.S. actor. Warren William Krech achieved success playing corrupt businessmen in movies such as Skyscraper Souls (1932) and The Match King (1932), and starred in movie series as Perry Mason (1934-1936); Philo Vance (1934, 1939); and the Lone Wolf (1939-1943). Mr. William died of cancer.

War
Chinese Communist forces captured Tsinan, capital of Shantung Province and a major rail and industrial centre, after a nine-day siege.

Mildred Gillars, better known as "Axis Sally," pled not guilty in Washington to charges that she had committed treason by broadcasting German propaganda during World War II.

World events
Argentine President Juan Peron touched off widespread anti-American demonstrations when he charged former U.S. cultural attache John Griffith with participating in a plot to assassinate him and seize the government for the opposition Labour Party.

Economics and finance
The French National Assembly passed Prime Minister Henri Queuille's anti-inflation plan, which called for higher taxes and reduced government spending in an effort to balance the budget.

Negotiators in Paris announced agreement on the first multilateral East-West transaction, an $80-million lumber purchase by six Western European countries from five Eastern European states.

Business
Honda Motor Company was incorporated.

Bolstered by a record $3.4-million congressional appropriation, the U.S. Justice Department's Antitrust Division announced plans to investigate the Du Pont industrial empire. The Justice Dept. also filed a petition in New York to break up the Aluminum Company of America.

Labour
Dissatisfied with the French cabinet's wage increase proposals, French workers staged a two-hour general strike.

Football
NFL
Philadelphia (0-1) 14 @ Chicago Cardinals (1-0) 21

Charlie Trippi completed a 64-yard touchdown pass to Mal Kutner with less than 4 minutes remaining in the game to break a 14-14 tie as the defending champion Cardinals beat the Eagles before 27,875 fans at Comiskey Park. Mr. Trippi rushed 8 yards for a touchdown to open the scoring, and Paul Christman passed 30 yards to Mr. Kutner to make the score 14-0 after Pat Harder's second extra point. Philadelphia quarterback Tommy Thompson completed touchdown passes of 34 yards to Bosh Pritchard in the 2nd quarter and 42 yards to Pete Pihos in the 3rd, both converted by Cliff Patton. Chicago tackle Stan Mauldin pulled himself from the game in the 2nd half, but went back in for the last 2 minutes. In the dressing room after the game, he complained of a headache and then collapsed. Efforts to revive him were unsuccessful, and he was pronounced dead at 1:03 A.M. on September 25.

60 years ago
1958


At the movies
The Defiant Ones, produced and directed by Stanley Kramer, and starring Tony Curtis and Sidney Poitier, received its premiere screening in New York City.



War
Nationalist China claimed that its fighter planes had downed at least 10 Communist MiG-17s in fighting over the Formosa Strait.

Politics and government
Lebanese President Fuad Chehab appointed an eight-member cabinet headed by Rashid Karami, a Muslim, and composed of moderate opponents of former President Camille Chamoun.

Defense
Canadian Defense Minister George Pearkes decided to cancel the Canadian fire control and missile systems of the Avro Arrow program; it was a major step in the road to final cancellation of the program on February 20, 1959.

Economics and finance
Renato Costa Lima, the new president of the Brazilian Coffee Institute, rejected an African plan to stabilize world coffee prices through fixed export quotas.

The Southern Governors Conference, meeting in Lexington, Kentucky, voted to abandon the South's traditional free trade policy in favour of import restrictions, specifically on textiles and petroleum.

Labour
The U.S. National Labor Relations Board ruled that a union contract, regardless of the length of time for which it was negotiated, could prevent workers of a company from shifting to another union for no more than two years.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Hey Jude--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)

On television tonight
60 Minutes, hosted by Harry Reasoner and Mike Wallace, on CBS

This was the first broadcast of the long-running news magazine program.



Diplomacy
The United Nations General Assembly began its 24th regular session, and unanimously approved Swaziland as its 125th member, while electing Guatemalan Foreign Minister Emilio Arenales Catalan as president of the session.

Protest
Two days of clashes in Mexico City between university students and police in which students fired on police from university buildings and surrounding houses concluded with at least 15 deaths.

Disasters
11 people were killed, 23 injured, and 22 escaped unhurt when a U.S. Air Force jet tanker, with one engine out, crash-landed at Wake Island.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Rivers of Babylon--Boney M. (12th week at #1)

Died on this date
Lyman Bostock, Jr., 27
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Bostock, the son of Negro League player Lyman Bostock, Sr., was an outfielder with the Minnesota Twins (1975-1977) and California Angels (1978), batting .311 with 23 home runs and 250 runs batted in in 526 games. He hit .336 with 14 homers and 90 RBIs in 1977, and signed a lucrative free agent contract with the Angels. Mr. Bostock got off to a poor start in 1978, and donated his first month's salary to charity, but raised his average to .296, batting 2 for 4 in a 5-4 loss to the White Sox in Chicago on September 23. He went to Gary, Indiana after the game to visit his uncle, Thomas Turner, as well as Joan Hawkins, a woman whom Mr. Bostock had tutored years earlier. They were accompanied by Miss Hawkins' sister Barbara Smith, and Mr. Turner was driving the women home, with Mr. Bostock in the back seat of the car next to Mrs. Smith, whom he had met just 20 minutes earlier. Her estranged husband Leonard followed them in his car, pulled up beside them, and fired a shotgun, hitting Mr. Bostock in the head. Mr. Bostock died several hours later; had he lived and continued his level of play, he may have ended up in the Baseball Hall of Fame.

Diplomacy
The leaders of Syria, Algeria, South Yemen, Libya, and the Palestine Liberation Organization concluded four days of talks in Damascus with an announcement that they had severed all relations with Egypt because of the previous week's Camp David Accords between Egypt and Israel.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (2-9) 18 @ Ottawa (8-2) 53
British Columbia (3-6-2) 25 @ Winnipeg (7-4) 32
Calgary (4-3-3) 20 @ Edmonton (8-1-2) 20

Tony Gabriel caught 3 touchdown passes and Larry Brune returned a blocked punt 15 yards for a touchdown as the Rough Riders routed the Roughriders before 24,960 fans at Lansdowne Park, outscoring them 36-0 in the last 24 1/2 minutes.

Jerry Tagge completed 34 of 49 passes for 430 yards, but his Lions still lost to the Blue Bombers before 27,201 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. The Lions had the ball at the Winnipeg 10-yard line in the last minute, but Mr. Tagge's third-down pass to Jim Young in the Winnipeg end zone was incomplete. It was the first Canadian Football League game for Winnipeg quarterback Terry Luck, who dressed as the backup to Dieter Brock.

Dave Cutler's 20-yard field goal with 55 seconds remaining in the game--which the Stampeders insisted was wide--gave the Eskimos the tie before 42,778 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Calgary outplayed Edmonton for most of the game, but quarterback Tom Wilkinson directed a comeback in the last few minutes, passing 9 yards to Don Warrington for a touchdown, converted by Mr. Cutler, and then driving the Eskimos into position for the tying field goal. Mr. Wilkinson completed a touchdown pass to Tom Scott in the 1st quarter, while Mr. Cutler kicked a 55-yard field goal--the season's longest--in the 3rd quarter. Willie Burden scored the Calgary touchdown on a pass from John Hufnagel in the 3rd quarter.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Gimme Five 2--Jovanotti (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Stop--Sam Brown (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Stop--Sam Brown (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Un Roman d'amitié (Friend You Give Me Reason)--Elsa and Glenn Medeiros (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Desire--U2

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): He Ain't Heavy, He's My Brother--The Hollies

He Ain't Heavy, He's My Brother had originally reached #3 in the U.K. in the fall of 1969.

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Don't Worry Be Happy--Bobby McFerrin

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Sweet Child o' Mine--Guns 'N' Roses (3rd week at #1)
2 Simply Irresistible--Robert Palmer
3 Don't Worry Be Happy--Bobby McFerrin
4 I'll Always Love You--Taylor Dayne
5 If it Isn't Love--New Edition
6 Love Bites--Def Leppard
7 Perfect World--Huey Lewis and the News
8 One Good Woman--Peter Cetera
9 Nobody's Fool--Kenny Loggins
10 Don't Be Cruel--Cheap Trick

Singles entering the chart were Bad Medicine by Bon Jovi (#46); Giving You the Best That I Got by Anita Baker (#78); Look Away by Chicago (#81); A Word in Spanish by Elton John (#83); I Can't Wait by Deniece Williams (#86); Talkin' Bout a Revolution by Tracy Chapman (#88); and I'm Not Your Man by Tommy Conwell and the Young Rumblers (#89).

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Monkey--George Michael (2nd week at #1)
2 Sweet Child o' Mine--Guns 'N' Roses
3 Perfect World--Huey Lewis and the News
4 It Would Take a Strong Man--Rick Astley
5 Simply Irresistible--Robert Palmer
6 One Good Woman--Peter Cetera
7 Look Out Any Window--Bruce Hornsby and the Range
8 I Don't Wanna Live Without Love--Chicago
9 Forever Young--Rod Stewart
10 Don't You Know--Steve Winwood

Singles entering the chart were Talkin' Bout a Revolution by Tracy Chapman (#76); One Moment in Time by Whitney Houston (#81); Hold Me Now by One to One (#87); Flying on Your Own by Anne Murray (#91); Your Love Just Came Too Late by Eria Fachin (#94); How Can I Fall by Breathe (#96); and Please Don't Go Girl by New Kids on the Block (#98).

Olympics
Jackie Joyner-Kersee of the United States won the heptathlon at the Summer Olympics in Seoul with a record total of 7,291 points.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (6-6) 31 @ Ottawa (1-11) 0

The Blue Bombers' rout of the Rough Riders before 18,523 fans at Lansdowne Park was the fifth and last shutout in the CFL in the 1980s, with Winnipeg posting four of them.

Baseball
Pascual Perez pitched a no-hitter as the Montreal Expos edged the Philadelphia Phillies 1-0 before 14,088 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia in a game that was called because of rain with runners on first and second bases and 1 out in the top of the 6th inning. Otis Nixon doubled to lead off the 4th inning, advanced to third base on a single by Dave Martinez, and scored when Andres Galarraga grounded into a force play.

Danny Jackson pitched a 4-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Rick Mahler, improving his 1988 record to 23-7, as the Cincinnati Reds edged the Atlanta Braves 2-1 before 21,098 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium.

Dave Stieb of the Toronto Blue Jays had his bid for a no-hitter against the Cleveland Indians broken up with 2 outs in the 9th inning, giving up a bad-hop single to Julio Franco. Mr. Stieb settled for a 1-0, 1-hit victory before 8,157 fans at Cleveland Stadium. The Blue Jays scored the only run in the top of the 9th when Fred McGriff led off with a single and came around to score on a sacrifice fly by Rob Ducey.

Mark Langston pitched a 1-hitter for the Seattle Mariners as they shut out the Texas Rangers 3-0 before 13,219 fans at Arlington Stadium. Jeff Kunkel singled with 2 out in the 5th inning for the only Texas hit, when Seattle right fielder Jay Buhner lost the ball in the lights.

Shortstop Jody Reed made an error on a ground ball by Willie Randolph, allowing Claudell Washington to score the winning run as the New York Yankees scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 9th inning to defeat the Boston Red Sox 5-4 before 51,392 fans at Yankee Stadium. The Red Sox had scored a run in the top of the 9th to take a 3-2 lead.

Pinch runner Mark Davidson scored on a sacrifice fly by Jim Dwyer with 1 out in the top of the 9th inning to break a 2-2 tie as the Minnesota Twins edged the California Angels 3-2 before 25,290 fans at Anaheim Stadium. The Angels had runners on first and third bases with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th, but Mark McLemore flied out to right field to end the game.

25 years ago
1993


Politics and government
Three days after Russian President Boris Yeltsin had dissolved parliament, parliamentarians were barricaded in their building as forces loyal to Mr. Yeltsin surrounded it.

Asiatica
The Cambodian monarchy was restored, with Norodom Sihanouk as King.

Economics and finance
Canada lifted sanctions on trade with South Africa.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (5-8) 3 @ Calgary (12-1) 26

Andy McVey and Tony Stewart rushed for touchdowns, and Mark McLoughlin added 2 converts and 4 field goals as the Stampeders easily beat the Tiger-Cats before 29,817 fans at McMahon Stadium. Paul Osbaldiston broke up the shutout with a 43-yard field goal for Hamilton with less than 3 minutes remaining in the game.

20 years ago
1998


Diplomacy
South African President Nelson Mandela visited the Canadian Human Rights Museum in Hull, Quebec, and unveiled a commemorative plaque honouring John Peters Humphrey, a Canadian jurist who served for 20 years as the Director of the United Nations Division of Human Rights, drafting and championing the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. During his remarks at the unveiling, President Mandela expressed his desire that the Monument “inspire all who see it to join hands in a partnership for world peace, prosperity, and equity.” Mr. Mandela becomes the first foreign leader to receive the Order of Canada.

Canadiana
The government of Canada officially proclaimed the last Sunday in September of each year as Police and Peace Officers’ National Memorial Day.

10 years ago
2008


Died on this date
Oliver Crawford, 91
. U.S. screenwriter. Mr. Crawford wrote scripts for numerous television programs from the 1950s through the 1970s. His career was interrupted when he was blacklisted from 1953-1957 for refusing to identify suspected Communists in his testimony before the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities.

Mickey Vernon, 90. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Vernon was a first baseman with the Washington Nationals (1939-1943, 1946-1948, 1950-1955); Cleveland Indians (1949-1950, 1958); Boston Red Sox (1956-1957); Milwaukee Braves (1959); and Pittsburgh Pirates (1960), batting .286 with 172 home runs and 1,311 runs batted in in 2,409 games. He was the American League batting champion in 1946 and 1953. Mr. Vernon coached with the Pirates when they won the World Series in 1960, and played briefly late in the season. He managed the Washington Senators from 1961-1963, compiling a record of 135-227 before being fired early in the 1963 season. Mr. Vernon died of a stroke.

Irene Dailey, 88. U.S. actress. Miss Dailey, the sister of actor Dan Dailey, had a successful stage career before moving in to television, joining the cast of the soap opera The Edge of Night in 1969. She played "Aunt Liz" Matthews in the soap opera Another World from 1974-1994, and won a Daytime Emmy Award in 1979. Miss Dailey died of colon cancer, 12 days after her 88th birthday.

Football
NFL
The Detroit Lions fired President and Chief Executive Officer Matt Millen; he was in his eighth season with the Lions, and the team had compiled a dismal record of 31-84 during that time, including 0-3 to start the 2008 season. The Lions went on to post a 0-16 record in 2008.