Saturday, 29 September 2018

September 27, 2018

1,210 years ago

Born on this date
. Emperor of Japan, 833-850. Ninmyō, born Masara, was the second son of Emperor Saga, and acceded to the throne following the abdication of his uncle Junna. He died on May 6, 850 at the age of 41, and was succeeded as Emperor by his son Montoku.

180 years ago

Born on this date
Lawrence Sullivan Ross
. C.S. military officer and U.S. politician. Mr. Ross was a Texas Ranger who became a general in the army of the Confederate States of America in the U.S. Civil War. He served as Governor of Texas from 1887-1891. Mr. Ross died on January 3, 1898 at the age of 59.

160 years ago

The Grand Trunk Railway was completed to London, Canada West from Stratford.

130 years ago

Mayor David Oppenheimer officially opened the 1,001-acre Stanley Park at a ceremony on Prospect Point, with a 20-piece marching band, a parade which stretched as far as Powell Street, and the attendance of dignitaries from all levels of government and industry, including provincial secretary John Robson and Canadian Pacific Railway superintendent Harry Abbott. The park was named for Canadian Governor General Lord Stanley, who officially dedicated it n October 29, 1889. The peninsula was designated as a military reserve in the early 1860s in a survey conducted by the Royal Engineers.

Ed Crane pitched a no-hitter for the New York Giants as they defeated the Washington Senators 3-0 at the Polo Grounds in New York in a game that was called because of darkness after 7 innings.

120 years ago

Born on this date
Vincent Youmans
. U.S. songwriter. Mr. Youmans wrote the music for songs for numerous Broadway musicals; his songs included Tea for Two. Mr. Youmans died on April 5, 1946 at the age of 47 after a long battle with tuberculosis.

Died on this date
Thomas Joseph Byrnes, 37
. Australian politician. Mr. Byrnes was a barrister who was a member of the Queensland Legislative Council (1890-1893), and represented Cairns (1893) and Warwick (1893-1896) in the Queensland Legislative Assembly, serving as Premier of Queensland from April 13, 1898 until his death from measles and pneumonia, after less than six months in office.

110 years ago

Production of the Ford Model T automobile began at the Piquette Avenue Plant in Detroit.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Martin Ryle
. U.K. astronomer. Sir Martin was a radio astronomer who developed radio telescope systems, enabling him to observe the most distant known galaxies. He and Anthony Hewish shared the 1974 Nobel Prize in Physics "for their pioneering research in radio astrophysics: Ryle for his observations and inventions, in particular of the aperture synthesis technique, and Hewish for his decisive role in the discovery of pulsars." Sir Martin was Astronomer Royal from 1972-1982, and devoted his later years to warning of the dangers of the irresponsible use of science. He died on October 14, 1984, 16 days after his 66th birthday.

General Sir Arthur Currie led Canadian Corps troops in a three-day offensive against the Canal du Nord, outflanking the last section of the Germans' defensive Hindenburg Line.

90 years ago

Glen Gray's Casa Loma Orchestra was in New York City, where they recorded the song Under a Blanket of Blue, with Kenny Sargeant on vocals.

The United States extended de jure recognition to the Nationalist Chinese government, following the treaty on July 25 granting China tariff autonomy on a most-favored nation basis.

Thomas Edison turned the first spade of earth at a site in Dearborn, Michigan where a museum commemorating his inventions would be erected.

80 years ago

The British ocean liner RMS Queen Elizabeth was launched in Glasgow.

WIFU-U.S. college
Minnesota State Teachers College 0 @ Winnipeg 20

The game at Osborne Stadium was played entirely under American rules.

75 years ago

U.K. forces occupied the southeastern Italian air and rail centre of Foggia without opposition. U.S.S.R. troops captured the Nizhne-Deprovsk suburb of Dnepopetrovsk on the east bank of the Dnieper River.

The Argentine Foreign Office announced that closer relations would be sought with the United Kingdom.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt asked Congress to appropriate an additional $750 million for the Navy.

70 years ago

On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis, on MBS

Died on this date
Harlan Bushfield, 66
. U.S. politician. Mr. Bushfield, a Republican, was Governor of South Dakota from 1939-1943 and represented South Dakota in the United States Senate from 1943 until his death from the effects of a stroke the previous year. He opposed the United Nations and reciprocal trade agreements between the United States and other countries.

Intruder in the Dust by William Faulkner was published by Random House. The Beast in Me and Other Animals by James Thurber was published by Harcourt, Brace.

Politics and government
The U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities issued a report claiming widespread Communist infiltration of the atomic bomb project during World War II, and demanding prosecution of five scientists associated with nuclear weapons development. Former U.S. State Department employee Alger Hiss filed a $50,000 libel suit in New York against former Time editor Whittaker Chambers, charging that Mr. Chambers had slandered him by calling him a former Communist.

A U.S. federal district court in Baltimore ruled that segregation in southern railroad diners was permissible under federal law if Negroes were given the same service as white passengers.

A typhoon sank a fleet of fishing boats off the Chinese coast near Leichow, causing 800 deaths.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Patricia--Perez Prado and his Orchestra

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Der Legionär--Freddy Quinn (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): When--The Kalin Twins (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): When--The Kalin Twins (5th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Nel Blu Dipinto di Blu (Volare)--Domenico Modugno (6th week at #1)
--Dean Martin
2 It's All in the Game--Tommy Edwards
3 Bird Dog--The Everly Brothers
4 Little Star--The Elegants
5 Rock-in Robin--Bobby Day
6 Susie Darlin'--Robin Luke
7 Tea for Two Cha Cha--The Tommy Dorsey Orchestra starring Warren Covington
8 Tears on My Pillow--Little Anthony and the Imperials
9 Just a Dream--Jimmy Clanton and the Rockets
10 Patricia--Perez Prado and his Orchestra

Singles entering the chart were Gee, But it's Lonely by Pat Boone (#52); Fibbin' by Patti Page (#53); Just Young by Paul Anka (#55, charting with the version by Andy Rose); There Goes My Heart by Joni James (#57); If I Only Knew by Curt Jensen (#72); Need You by Donnie Owens (#73); Look Who's Blue by Don Gibson (#75); Come On, Let's Go by Ritchie Valens (#77); Mexican Hat Rock by the Applejacks (#83); When I Grow Too Old to Dream by Ed Townsend (#85); Whose Heart are You Breaking Now by Johnny Love and the Way Singers (#88); Tom Dooley by the Kingston Trio (#93); and Someday (You’ll Want Me to Want You) by Jodie Sands (#97). Gee, But it's Lonely was the other side of For My Good Fortune, charting at #96.

Indonesia and North Vietnam announced their recognition of the Algerian government-in-exile.

Politics and government
Censorship, arrest, and seizure powers granted to Ceylonese Prime Minister Solomon Bandaranaike to quell racial strife were ended.

U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower named retired General Wilton Persons to succeed Sherman Adams as his presidential assistant.

The Committee of One Million, a group of prominent Americans headed by former United Nations delegate Warren Austin, issued a 172-page study on Communist China documenting evidence that "continuing revolt" against Communist rule smoldered throughout the People's Republic of China.

Voters in Little Rock, Arkansas rejected "racial integration of all schools within the Little Rock School District" by a margin of 19,470-7,561.

Economics and finance
15 nations accounting for 80% of the world's coffee production signed an agreement in Washington to voluntarily withhold a percentage of their crops from the export market.

27 passengers died following the wreck of the Portuguese coastal liner Arnel when their lifeboat broke up on rocks off Santa Maria Island in the Azores.

Toronto (1-6) 4 @ Ottawa (4-3) 28
Montreal (2-4-1) 29 @ Hamilton (6-0-1) 35

British Columbia (0-9) 15 @ Calgary (5-3) 29
Saskatchewan (4-3-1) 11 @ Edmonton (5-3-1) 11

Kitchener-Waterloo (3-3) 13 @ London (2-3) 14
Detroit (0-5) 20 @ Sarnia (6-0) 50

Ottawa quarterback Tom Dimitroff broke his leg in the 1st quarter and was replaced by rookie Russ Jackson in the Rough Riders' win over the Argonauts at Lansdowne park. Ronnie Knox, making his first appearance in a Toronto uniform, played briefly, throwing an interception and losing a fumble.

Eddie Macon returned a kickoff 95 yards for a touchdown in the 4th quarter to enable the Tiger-Cats to defeat the Alouettes before 20,000 fans at Civic Stadium. Montreal quarterback Sam Etcheverry had rallied his team from a 28-13 halftime deficit; he finished with 21 completions in 31 passes for 264 yards and touchdown passes to Joel Wells, Bo Dickinson, and Dick Hunter, while rushing for a TD of his own. 1956 Olympic decathlon champion Milt Campbell, playing his first game of Canadian football, scored 2 Hamilton touchdowns, as did Ron Howell. Hamilton quarterback Bernie Faloney completed just 7 of 21 passes, but for 208 yards. The Tiger-Cats outrushed the Alouettes 208-16.

Former New York Giant Gene Filipski, playing his first game of Canadian football, scored 2 touchdowns to help the Stampeders defeat the Lions before 14,500 fans at Mewata Stadium. Ron Clinkscale and quarterback Nobby Wirkowski scored the other Calgary TDs. B.C. quarterback George Herring threw 2 touchdown passes to Jerry Janes, one of them covering 85 yards.

Normie Kwong scored a touchdown and Joe Mobra added a convert, field goal, and single for the Eskimos as they tied the Roughriders before 12,000 rain-soaked fans at Clarke Stadium, dominating the game everywhere but the scoreboard. The Roughriders scored all their points in the 1st half on a single and field goal by Reg Whitehouse, and a 48-yard touchdown pass from Frank Tripucka to Jack Hill, converted by Mr. Hill.

Gerry Thompkins rushed for a touchdown and passed to Al Bruno for another, and Del Thachuk added a convert and a single to help the Lords edge the Dutchmen at Labatt Park. Bernie Custis and Rowland West scored K-W touchdowns, with Mike Norcia adding a convert.

J.B. Smith scored 2 touchdowns and Chuck Stanley, Mr. Sturm, Ernie White, Tom Dwinnell, and Ewart Harkins added TDs for the Golden Bears as they routed the Raiders at Norm Perry Park. Gino Cappelletti added 5 converts and a field goal for Sarnia. Tom Hunter, Mr. Frankel, and Dick Mosely scored Detroit touchdowns.

Queen's (0-1) 13 @ McGill (1-0) 14

Little World Series
Minneapolis Millers (AA) 7 Montreal Royals (IL) 2 (Minneapolis led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Winning pitcher Dean Stone hit a home run and drove in another run with a double to lead the Millers to victory at Jarry Park. Stu Locklin added a solo home run for Minneapolis.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): I Have Loved Me a Man--Allison Durbin

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Hey Jude/Revolution--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)
2 Fire--Arthur Brown
3 Hush--Deep Purple
4 I've Gotta Get a Message to You--The Bee Gees
5 Cinnamon--Derek
6 Time Has Come Today--The Chambers Brothers
7 1,2,3, Red Light--1910 Fruitgum Company
8 Harper Valley P.T.A.--Ricki Page
--Jeannie C. Riley
9 And Suddenly--The Cherry People
10 (The Lament of the Cherokee) Indian Reservation--Don Fardon

Singles entering the chart were Beyond the Clouds by the Poppy Family (#24); Over You by Gary Puckett and the Union Gap (#25); All Along the Watchtower by the Jimi Hendrix Experience (#29); and Hold Me Tight by Johnny Nash (#30).

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Revolution/Hey Jude--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)
2 I've Gotta Get a Message to You--The Bee Gees
3 People Got to Be Free--The Rascals
4 Harper Valley P.T.A.--Jeannie C. Riley
5 1,2,3, Red Light--1910 Fruitgum Company
6 On the Road Again--Canned Heat
7 Street Fighting Man--The Rolling Stones
8 (The Lament of the Cherokee) Indian Reservation--Don Fardon
9 The Snake--Al Wilson
10 Fire--Arthur Brown

The American musical Hair opened at the Shaftesbury Theatre in London, the day after the Theatres Act went into effect, which ended the Lord Chamberlain's powers of censorship dating back to 1737.

Politics and government
Ernest Manning, Premier of Alberta since 1943, announced his intention to retire.

Dr. Marcelo Caetano, 62, was named Prime Minister of Portugal to succeed Antonio de Oliveira Salazar, 79, who had been in a coma since suffering a brain hemorrhage on September 16. Dr. Caetano had been assistant Prime Minister from 1955-1958.

250 students attacked the British embassy in Manila, while another demonstration on the U.S. embassy grounds protested the "insincere neutrality" of the United States concerning a dispute between the Philippines and Malaysia over the Borneo state of Sabah. The United Kingdom was supporting Malaysia.

Canadian Postmaster General Eric Kierans announced the end of Saturday mail and post office service, effective February 1, 1969.

Economics and finance
For the third time, France vetoed Britain's entry in the European Economic Community, turning down a West German interim plan to give membership to the United Kingdom.

Shozo Saijo (17-5-2) won the World Boxing Association world featherweight title with a 15-round unanimous decision over defending champion Raul Rojas (35-3-1) at Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum. On the same card, Carlos "Teo" Cruz (37-12-2) retained his world lightweight title with a 15-round unanimous decision over Mando Ramos (22-3).

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Dreadlock Holiday--10cc (2nd week at #1)

30 years ago

Died on this date
George Grant, 69
. Canadian philosopher. Professor Grant was a Canadian nationalist who attempted to synthesize Christianity and Platonism. He was best known for his book Lament for a Nation (1965), in which he deplored what he saw as Canada's eventual cultural absorption by the United States.

Politics and government
The National League for Democracy was formed by Aung San Suu Kyi and various others to help fight against dictatorship in Myanmar.

Guy Lafleur, who had retired early in the 1984-85 season--his 14th with the club in a Hall of Fame career--signed a one-year contract with the New York Rangers.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): What's Up?--4 Non Blondes (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Jimmy Doolittle, 96
. U.S. aviator and military officer. Mr. Doolittle was a pioneer military aviator in the 1920s who left the United States Army in 1930 and set a speed record for land planes in 1932 of 296 miles per hour. In 1940 he returned to the Army, and on April 18, 1942, led 16 B-25 bombers on a raid on five Japanese cities, including Tokyo. The Doolittle Raid was the first retaliatory air raid on the Japanese homeland after Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, and had a significant positive effect on American morale. The movie Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo (1944) was a dramatization of the raid, with Spencer Tracy playing Mr. Doolittle. Mr. Doolittle returned to reserve status in 1946 as a lieutenant general and retired from active service in 1959. In retirement he was promoted to four-star general.

Separatist rebels in the Georgian state of Abkhazia violated a United Nations cease-fire, seized the town of Sukhumi, and began massacring civilians. Georgian leader Eduard Scheverdnadze, who had gone to the town to bolster the defense and call for volunteers, returned to the capital of Tbilisi as thousand of refugees attempted to flee to safety.

20 years ago

Died on this date
Doak Walker, 71
. U.S. football player. Mr. Walker was a halfback, kicker, and punter with the Southern Methodist University Mustangs (1945, 1947-1949), and won the Heisman Trophy in 1948 as the most outstanding college football player in the United States. He played with the Detroit Lions from 1950-1955 and helped the Lions win National Football League championships in 1952 and 1953. Mr. Walker was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1959 and the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1986. Mr. Walker died eight months after being paralyzed from the neck down in a skiing accident in Colorado. Shortly before his accident, Mr. Walker had conducted an interview by telephone with columnist Bob Greene, who claimed that Mr. Walker was the last person in the United States to achieve fame in the United States mainly on the basis of magazine covers.

The Google internet search engine retroactively claims this date as its birthday.

Calgary (9-4) 22 @ Saskatchewan (4-9) 27

Reggie Slack rushed for a touchdown, passed for another, and handed off to Mike Saunders for a TD to lead the Roughriders over the Stampeders before 26,145 fans at Taylor Field in Regina.

Mark McGwire drove in 4 runs with his 69th and 70th home runs of the season to lead the St. Louis Cardinals to a 6-3 win over the Montreal Expos before 46,110 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis.

Pinch hitter Carl Everett tripled with 1 out in the bottom of the 11th inning and scored on a sacrifice fly by Richard Hidalgo to give the Houston Astros a 4-3 win over the Chicago Cubs before 51,916 fans at the Astrodome.

Neifi Perez led off the bottom of the 9th inning with a home run to give the Colorado Rockies a 9-8 win over the San Francisco Giants before 48,028 fans at Coors Field in Denver.

Bobby Higginson broke up Roy Halliday's bid for a no-hitter with a home run with 2 out in the top of the 9th inning, but Frank Catalanotto lined out to shortstop Alex Gonzalez to end the game, and the Toronto Blue Jays defeated the Detroit Tigers 2-1 before 38,036 fans at SkyDome in Toronto, as Mr. Halliday achieved his first major league win.

10 years ago

Zhai Zhigang, commander of the Shenzhou 7 mission, became the first Chinese taikonaut to perform a spacewalk.

Calgary (9-4) 44 @ Toronto (4-9) 16
Hamilton (2-11) 10 @ British Columbia (8-5) 40

Simon Fraser (3-2) 7 @ Regina (2-2) 31

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